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Early use of vasopressor

Yao Lu, Han Zhang, Fang Teng, Wen-Jun Xia, Gui-Xiang Sun, Ai-Qing Wen
INTRODUCTION: The Surviving Sepsis Campaign guidelines recommend early goal-directed therapy (EGDT) for the resuscitation of patients with sepsis; however, the recent evidences quickly evolve and convey conflicting results. We performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the effect of EGDT on mortality in adults with severe sepsis and septic shock. METHODS: We searched electronic databases to identify randomized controlled trials that compared EGDT with usual care or lactate-guided therapy in adults with severe sepsis and septic shock...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
M Clerc, J Prothet, T Rimmelé
Composite tissue allotransplantation (CTA) is a complex procedure requiring a multidisciplinary collaboration between surgeons, anesthetists, and transplantation specialists. We will describe the perioperative management of a bilateral forearm allograft performed at our facility. A 40-year-old man who lost both forearms was registered on the transplant waiting list; a suitable graft was available 11months later. Anesthesia required planning for vascular access, hemodynamic monitoring, fluid therapy management and prevention of deep vein thrombosis...
June 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
Madison B Schwartz, Jason A Ferreira, Patrick M Aaronson
BACKGROUND: The utilization of bolus-dose phenylephrine (PHE) has transitioned to the emergency department (ED) for the treatment of acutely hypotensive patients, despite a paucity of literature in this setting. METHODS: This was a single center retrospective chart review of the utilization of bolus-dosed PHE for acute hypotension in the ED at an academic non-forprofit hospital. The primary objective of this study is to report the frequency of patients that were initiated on a continuous vasopressor infusion (CVI) within 30 minutes after the first administration of bolus-dose PHE...
September 22, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Poonam Malhotra Kapoor, Rohan Magoon, Rajinder Rawat, Yatin Mehta
Goal-directed therapy (GDT) encompasses guidance of intravenous (IV) fluid and vasopressor/inotropic therapy by cardiac output or similar parameters to help in early recognition and management of high-risk cardiac surgical patients. With the aim of establishing the utility of perioperative GDT using robust clinical and biochemical outcomes, we conducted the present study. This multicenter randomized controlled study included 130 patients of either sex, with European system for cardiac operative risk evaluation ≥3 undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting on cardiopulmonary bypass...
October 2016: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
J X Zhang, M Yin, X M Chen, C Li, D W Wu, S F Ding, B F Du, H P Guo, W D Qin, H N Yang, H Wang
Objective: To investigate the predictive value of early lactate area for mortality in elderly patients with septic shock. Methods: From January 2012 to December 2013, a prospective study was conducted in the Department of Critical Care Medicine, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University. A total of 115 septic shock patients with age ≥65 years were included in the study. Serum lactate was measured every 6 hours, the lactate indicators, including early lactate area, APACHE Ⅱ score etc were recorded. Results: The overall 28-day mortality rate was 67...
September 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Munehiro Furuichi, Isao Miyairi
BACKGROUND: Coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (CoNS) is the predominant cause of catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSI). Infants in neonatal intensive care units (NICU) often suffer from CoNS CRBSI, which are often refractory to treatment. OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate risk factors for developing persistent bacteremia due to CoNS CRBSI in infants, in order to identify those who require early aggressive management. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective case-control study of infants in the NICU who developed CRBSI due to CoNS...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
Ashok Choudhury, Chandan Kumar Kedarisetty, Chitranshu Vashishtha, Deepak Saini, Sachin Kumar, Rakhi Maiwall, Manoj Kumar Sharma, Ajeet Singh Bhadoria, Guresh Kumar, Yogendra Kumar Joshi, Shiv Kumar Sarin
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The choice of vasopressor for treating cirrhosis with septic shock is unclear. While noradrenaline in general is the preferred vasopressor, terlipressin improves microcirculation in addition to vasopressor action in non-cirrhotics. We compared the efficacy and safety of noradrenaline and terlipressin in cirrhotics with septic shock. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Cirrhotics with septic shock underwent open label randomization to receive either terlipressin (n=42)or noradrenaline (n=42) infusion at a titrated dose...
September 16, 2016: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
Tamara McColl, Mathieu Gatien, Lisa Calder, Krishan Yadav, Ryan Tam, Melody Ong, Monica Taljaard, Ian Stiell
BACKGROUND: In 2008-2009, the Canadian Institute for Health Information reported over 30,000 cases of sepsis hospitalizations in Canada, an increase of almost 4,000 from 2005. Mortality rates from severe sepsis and septic shock continue to remain greater than 30% in Canada and are significantly higher than other critical conditions treated in the emergency department (ED). Our group formed a multidisciplinary sepsis committee, conducted an ED process of care analysis, and developed a quality improvement protocol...
September 9, 2016: CJEM
Jason Phua, Nathan C Dean, Qi Guo, Win Sen Kuan, Hui Fang Lim, Tow Keang Lim
Mortality rates for severe community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) range from 17 to 48 % in published studies.In this review, we searched PubMed for relevant papers published between 1981 and June 2016 and relevant files. We explored how early and aggressive management measures, implemented within 24 hours of recognition of severe CAP and carried out both in the emergency department and in the ICU, decrease mortality in severe CAP.These measures begin with the use of severity assessment tools and the application of care bundles via clinical decision support tools...
August 28, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Ghulam Rehman Mohyuddin, Heather J Male
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare syndrome characterized by excessive activation of the immune system. Bacterial infections are very rare precipitants of this disease. A 19-year-old gentleman presented with headache, fatigue, and malaise. He was found to be hypotensive, tachycardic, and febrile. Broad spectrum antibiotics were initiated, and a lumbar puncture ruled out meningitis. Patient progressively developed shock that required use of vasopressors, as well as renal and respiratory failure...
2016: Case Reports in Hematology
Hyunchul Kim, Taeyoung Kong, Sung Phil Chung, Jung Hwa Hong, Jong Wook Lee, Youngseon Joo, Dong Ryul Ko, Je Sung You, Incheol Park
PURPOSE: Recent technological advances have led to analyses of the delta neutrophil index (DNI), which reflects the fraction of circulating immature granulocytes, using specific automated blood cell analysers. We evaluated the significance of the DNI as a prognostic marker for early severity in patients with acute cholangitis. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed patients initially diagnosed with acute cholangitis at emergency department (ED) admission, followed by diagnostic confirmation, during a set period...
August 24, 2016: Shock
Julian M Williams, Jaimi H Greenslade, Chelsea A Dymond, Kevin Chu, Anthony F T Brown, Jeffrey Lipman
OBJECTIVE: Most published data on emergency department (ED) patients with septic shock have been generated from studies examining the effect of early protocolized resuscitation in selected cohorts. Consequently, these data do not generally represent patients falling outside trial inclusion criteria or judged unsuitable for aggressive treatment. Our aim was to determine the characteristics, treatment and outcomes for all ED patients fulfilling the criteria for septic shock. METHODS: Septic shock patients were identified from a prospective database of consecutive ED patients admitted with infection...
August 19, 2016: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
Sion Jo, Jaechol Yoon, Jae Baek Lee, Youngho Jin, Taeoh Jeong, Boyoung Park
STUDY OBJECTIVES: What is the predictive value of the National Early Warning Score-Lactate (NEWS-L) score for mortality and the need for critical care in general emergency department (ED) patients? METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, we enrolled all adult patients who visited the ED of an urban academic tertiary-care university hospital in South Korea over 2 consecutive months. The primary outcome was 2-day mortality. The secondary outcomes were the need for critical care (advanced airway use, vasopressor or inotropic agent use, intensive care unit admission) during an ED stay; 2-day composite outcome (2-day mortality and the need for critical care); 7-day mortality; and in-hospital mortality...
June 29, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
Katherine Taylor, Wooheon Thomas Kim, Malak Maharramova, Victor Figueroa, Smruthi Ramesh, Armando Lorenzo
INTRODUCTION: Smaller children are presenting for renal transplantation as the treatment of choice for end-stage renal disease. Adult donor organs are more successful than pediatric deceased donor organs. An adult kidney may sequester ~75% of the circulating volume of a 5 year-old child and requires significantly increased cardiac output to maintain renal perfusion. Treatment includes volume, inotropic or vasopressor agents, or central neuroaxial blockade for sympatholysis. We describe the perioperative anesthestic management as a guide to clinical outcomes...
October 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Daniel R Kievlan, Christian Martin-Gill, Jeremy M Kahn, Clifton W Callaway, Donald M Yealy, Derek C Angus, Christopher W Seymour
BACKGROUND: Identification of critically ill patients during prehospital care could facilitate early treatment and aid in the regionalization of critical care. Tools to consistently identify those in the field with or at higher risk of developing critical illness do not exist. We sought to validate a prehospital critical illness risk score that uses objective clinical variables in a contemporary cohort of geographically and temporally distinct prehospital encounters. METHODS: We linked prehospital encounters at 21 emergency medical services (EMS) agencies to inpatient electronic health records at nine hospitals in southwestern Pennsylvania from 2010 to 2012...
August 11, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
V Perilli, P Aceto, T Sacco, C Modesti, P Ciocchetti, F Vitale, A Russo, G Fasano, A Dottorelli, L Sollazzi
Graft and patients survival are the main goal of anesthesiological management in patients undergoing liver transplantation (LT). Even if anesthesiological practice sustained major developments over time, some evidence-based intraoperative strategies have not yet been widely applied. The aim of this review was to summarize intraoperative anesthesiological strategies which could have the potential to improve LT graft and/or recipient survival. Monitoring must be as accurate as possible in order to manage intraoperative hemodynamic changes...
July 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Bhanu Prasad, Michelle Urbanski, Thomas W Ferguson, Erwin Karreman, Nav Tangri
BACKGROUND: Patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) requiring renal replacement therapy (RRT) have an increased short-term and long-term risk of mortality. In most North American intensive care units (ICUs), these patients receive continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). OBJECTIVE: We aim to identify clinical and demographic factors associated with mortality within 24 h of initiating CRRT. DESIGN: This paper is a prospective cohort study...
2016: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
Young Im Lee, Robert L Smith, Yevgeniya Gartshteyn, Sophia Kwon, Erin J Caraher, Anna Nolan
BACKGROUND: The study of sepsis is hindered by its heterogeneous time course and evolution. A subgroup of patients with severe sepsis develops shock soon after the initiation of treatment while others present hypotensive. We sought to determine the incidence of hypotension after the initiation of treatment for sepsis, and characterize their clinical features and course. METHODS: A retrospective review of electronic medical record of all septic patients (n = 542) that met the definition of septic shock within 24 hours of admission (2011 - 2012) at an urban Veteran Affairs Hospital was performed...
August 2016: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
Nithya Kannan, Jin Wang, Richard B Mink, Mark S Wainwright, Jonathan I Groner, Michael J Bell, Christopher C Giza, Douglas F Zatzick, Richard G Ellenbogen, Linda Ng Boyle, Pamela H Mitchell, Frederick P Rivara, Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, Monica S Vavilala
OBJECTIVES: Early resuscitation may improve outcomes in pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI). We examined the association between timely treatment of hypotension and hypoxia during early care (prehospital or emergency department locations) and discharge outcomes in children with severe TBI. METHODS: Hypotension was defined as systolic blood pressure less than 70 + 2 (age in years), and hypoxia was defined as PaO2 less than 60 mm Hg or oxygen saturation less than 90% in accordance with the 2003 Brain Trauma Foundation guidelines...
July 12, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
C Jung, M Kelm, M Ferrari
Adequate organ supply of oxygen and of nutrients depends on microcirculation. Impaired microcirculation may result in temporary or irreversible loss of function. Therefore, critically ill patients require early diagnosis and therapy of microcirculatory disorders. Besides surrogate parameters of microcirculation like urine production or serum lactate levels, direct visualization became possible with sidestream darkfield intravital microscopy. This technique has been evaluated in clinical studies focusing on early diagnosis and therapy in cardiogenic shock like vasopressors, nitrates, or circulatory assist devices...
June 9, 2016: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
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