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Stephanie E Mohr, Kirstin Rudd, Yanhui Hu, Wei Roc Song, Quentin Gilly, Michael Buckner, Benjamin E Housden, Colleen Kelley, Jonathan Zirin, Rong Tao, Gabriel Amador, Katarzyna Sierzputowska, Aram Comjean, Norbert Perrimon
Cells require some metals, such as zinc and manganese, but excess levels of these metals can be toxic. As a result, cells have evolved complex mechanisms for maintaining metal homeostasis and surviving metal intoxication. Here, we present the results of a large-scale functional genomic screen in Drosophila cultured cells for modifiers of zinc chloride toxicity, together with transcriptomics data for wild-type or genetically zinc-sensitized cells challenged with mild zinc chloride supplementation. Altogether, we identified 47 genes for which knockdown conferred sensitivity or resistance to toxic zinc or manganese chloride treatment, and >1800 putative zinc-responsive genes...
February 2, 2018: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
S Demirsoy, S Martin, S Motamedi, S van Veen, T Holemans, C Van den Haute, A Jordanova, V Baekelandt, P Vangheluwe, P Agostinis
ATP13A2 (also called PARK9), is a transmembrane endo-/lysosomal-associated P5 type transport ATPase. Loss-of-function mutations in ATP13A2 result in the Kufor-Rakeb Syndrome (KRS), a form of autosomal Parkinson's disease (PD). In spite of a growing interest in ATP13A2, very little is known about its physiological role in stressed cells. Recent studies suggest that the N-terminal domain of ATP13A2 may hold key regulatory functions, but their nature remains incompletely understood. To this end, we generated a set of melanoma and neuroblastoma cell lines stably overexpressing wild-type (WT), catalytically inactive (D508N) and N-terminal mutants, or shRNA against ATP13A2...
May 1, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
Rong He, Xiaoyun Xie, Linyue Lv, Yongqi Huang, Xianmin Xia, Xiaowu Chen, Lei Zhang
Manganese (Mn) is required in various human physiological processes. Excessive Mn exposure causes manganism, a progressive neurodegenerative disorder similar to idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD). However, the detailed mechanism of Mn-induced neurotoxicity is not yet fully understood. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in gene expression regulation, and miRNA expression profile provides additional biological and prognostic information of diseases. In our study, RNA sequencing was performed to profile miRNAs in the SH-SY5Y cells following MnCl2 treatment...
April 29, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Alejandro Estrada-Cuzcano, Shaun Martin, Teodora Chamova, Matthis Synofzik, Dagmar Timmann, Tine Holemans, Albena Andreeva, Jennifer Reichbauer, Riet De Rycke, Dae-In Chang, Sarah van Veen, Jean Samuel, Ludger Schöls, Thorsten Pöppel, Danny Mollerup Sørensen, Bob Asselbergh, Christine Klein, Stephan Zuchner, Albena Jordanova, Peter Vangheluwe, Ivailo Tournev, Rebecca Schüle
Hereditary spastic paraplegias are heterogeneous neurodegenerative disorders characterized by progressive spasticity of the lower limbs due to degeneration of the corticospinal motor neurons. In a Bulgarian family with three siblings affected by complicated hereditary spastic paraplegia, we performed whole exome sequencing and homozygosity mapping and identified a homozygous p.Thr512Ile (c.1535C > T) mutation in ATP13A2. Molecular defects in this gene have been causally associated with Kufor-Rakeb syndrome (#606693), an autosomal recessive form of juvenile-onset parkinsonism, and neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (#606693), a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the intracellular accumulation of autofluorescent lipopigments...
February 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
Vikram Khurana, Jian Peng, Chee Yeun Chung, Pavan K Auluck, Saranna Fanning, Daniel F Tardiff, Theresa Bartels, Martina Koeva, Stephen W Eichhorn, Hadar Benyamini, Yali Lou, Andy Nutter-Upham, Valeriya Baru, Yelena Freyzon, Nurcan Tuncbag, Michael Costanzo, Bryan-Joseph San Luis, David C Schöndorf, M Inmaculada Barrasa, Sepehr Ehsani, Neville Sanjana, Quan Zhong, Thomas Gasser, David P Bartel, Marc Vidal, Michela Deleidi, Charles Boone, Ernest Fraenkel, Bonnie Berger, Susan Lindquist
Numerous genes and molecular pathways are implicated in neurodegenerative proteinopathies, but their inter-relationships are poorly understood. We systematically mapped molecular pathways underlying the toxicity of alpha-synuclein (α-syn), a protein central to Parkinson's disease. Genome-wide screens in yeast identified 332 genes that impact α-syn toxicity. To "humanize" this molecular network, we developed a computational method, TransposeNet. This integrates a Steiner prize-collecting approach with homology assignment through sequence, structure, and interaction topology...
February 22, 2017: Cell Systems
Shigeto Sato, Masato Koike, Manabu Funayama, Junji Ezaki, Takahiro Fukuda, Takashi Ueno, Yasuo Uchiyama, Nobutaka Hattori
Kufor-Rakeb syndrome (KRS) is an autosomal recessive form of early-onset parkinsonism linked to the PARK9 locus. The causative gene for KRS is Atp13a2, which encodes a lysosomal type 5 P-type ATPase. We recently showed that KRS/PARK9-linked mutations lead to several lysosomal alterations, including reduced proteolytic processing of cathepsin D in vitro. However, it remains unknown how deficiency of Atp13a2 is connected to lysosomal impairments. To address this issue, we analyzed brain tissues of Atp13a2 conditional-knockout mice, which exhibited characteristic features of neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis, including accumulation of lipofuscin positive for subunit c of mitochondrial ATP synthase, suggesting that a common pathogenic mechanism underlies both neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis and Parkinson disease...
December 2016: American Journal of Pathology
A S Hoekstra, B van den Ende, X P Julià, L van Breemen, K Scheurwater, C M Tops, A Malinoc, P Devilee, H P H Neumann, J-P Bayley
Germline mutations in genes encoding subunits of succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) are associated with hereditary paraganglioma and pheochromocytoma. Although most mutations in SDHB, SDHC and SDHD are intraexonic variants, large germline deletions may represent up to 10% of all variants but are rarely characterized at the DNA sequence level. Additional phenotypic effects resulting from deletions that affect neighboring genes are also not understood. We performed multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification, followed by a simple long-range PCR 'chromosome walking' protocol to characterize breakpoints in 20 SDHx-linked paraganglioma-pheochromocytoma patients...
April 2017: Clinical Genetics
Shaun Martin, Sarah van Veen, Tine Holemans, Seyma Demirsoy, Chris van den Haute, Veerle Baekelandt, Patrizia Agostinis, Jan Eggermont, Peter Vangheluwe
The late endo-/lysosomal P-type ATPase ATP13A2 (PARK9) is implicated in Parkinson's disease (PD) and Kufor-Rakeb syndrome, early-onset atypical Parkinsonism. ATP13A2 interacts at the N-terminus with the signaling lipids phosphatidic acid (PA) and phosphatidylinositol (3,5) bisphosphate (PI(3,5)P2), which modulate ATP13A2 activity under cellular stress conditions. Here, we analyzed stable human SHSY5Y cell lines overexpressing wild-type (WT) or ATP13A2 mutants in which three N-terminal lipid binding sites (LBS1-3) were mutated...
2016: Parkinson's Disease
Jin-Sung Park, Brianada Koentjoro, Ryan L Davis, Carolyn M Sue
BACKGROUND: Kufor-Rakeb syndrome (KRS) is an autosomal recessive, juvenile-onset Parkinson's disease (PD) caused by loss-of-function mutations in ATP13A2 (PARK9). Impaired energy metabolism is considered a pathogenic mechanism in PD and mitochondrial dysfunction resulting from Zn(2+) dyshomeostasis has been found in KRS patient-derived cells. In addition to mitochondrial energy production, glycolysis plays an important role in cellular energy metabolism and glucose hypometabolism has been reported in PD...
June 2016: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
Jin-Sung Park, Carolyn M Sue
Kufor-Rakeb syndrome (KRS) is an autosomal recessive form of Parkinson's disease (PD) with juvenile onset of parkinsonism, often accompanied by extra clinical features such as supranuclear gaze palsy, dementia and generalised brain atrophy. Mutations in ATP13A2, associated with the PARK9 locus (chromosome 1p36) have been identified in KRS patients. ATP13A2 encodes a lysosomal P5B-type ATPase which has functional domains similar to other P-type ATPases which mainly transport cations. Consistently, recent studies suggest that human ATP13A2 may preferably regulate Zn2+, while ATP13A2 from other species have different substrate selectivity...
2017: Current Protein & Peptide Science
Maurizio Remelli, Massimiliano Peana, Serenella Medici, Malgorzata Ostrowska, Elzbieta Gumienna-Kontecka, Maria Antonietta Zoroddu
A protected 30-amino acid fragment, Acetyl-SPDEKHELMIQLQKLDYTVGFCGDGANDCG-Amide, Acetyl-Ser-Pro-Asp-Glu-Lys-His-Glu-Leu-Met-Ile-Gln-Leu-Gln-Lys-Leu-Asp-Tyr-Thr-Val-Gly-Phe-Cys-Gly-Asp-Gly-Ala-Asn-Asp-Cys-Gly-Amide, encompassing the sequence from residues 1164 to 1193 in the encoded protein from Parkinson's disease gene Park9 (YPk9), was studied for manganese and zinc binding. Manganese exposure is considered to be an environmental risk factor connected to PD and PD-like syndrome. Research into the genetic and environmental risk factors involved in disease susceptibility has recently uncovered a link existing between Park9 and manganese...
March 28, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Chen Qiao, Nuo Yin, Huan-Yu Gu, Jia-Lei Zhu, Jian-Hua Ding, Ming Lu, Gang Hu
AIM: Atp13a2 (Park9) gene encodes a transmembrane lysosomal P5-type ATPase (ATP13A2), and its missense or truncation mutations leads to lysosomal dysfunction and consequently results in neuronal death in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). Nevertheless, the roles of ATP13A2 in the biological features of astrocytes, especially in the regulation of PD-related neuroinflammation, have not been investigated. METHODS: We cultured primary neurons and astrocytes from mouse midbrain to investigate the mechanisms for astrocyte ATP13A2-regulated lysosomal function and neuroinflammation following 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP(+) ) treatment...
June 2016: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
Quan Xing Liu, Hong Zheng, Xu Feng Deng, Dong Zhou, Ji Gang Dai
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to detect the Parkinson's disease gene family mRNA relative expression in the non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tumor tissue and analyze the association between tumor characteristics and the Parkinson's disease gene family. METHODS: Tumor tissue and tumor-adjacent tissue of 114 NSCLC patients were collected and SYBR quantitative analysis was used to detect the relative expression level of nine Parkinson's disease gene mRNAs...
2015: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
Gyuri Kim, Ho-Sun Lee, Joon Seok Bang, Boram Kim, Dahae Ko, Mihi Yang
People can be easily exposed to manganese (Mn), the twelfth most abundant element, through various exposure routes. However, overexposure to Mn causes manganism, a motor syndrome similar to Parkinson disease, via interference of the several neurotransmitter systems, particularly the dopaminergic system in areas. At cellular levels, Mn preferentially accumulates in mitochondria and increases the generation of reactive oxygen species, which changes expression and activity of manganoproteins. Many studies have provided invaluable insights into the causes, effects, and mechanisms of the Mn-induced neurotoxicity...
2015: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part C, Environmental Carcinogenesis & Ecotoxicology Reviews
Débora E Rinaldi, Gerardo R Corradi, Lucía Martínez Cuesta, Hugo P Adamo, Felicitas de Tezanos Pinto
P-type ion pumps are membrane transporters that have been classified into five subfamilies termed P1-P5. The ion transported by the P5-ATPases is not known. Five genes named ATP13A1-ATP13A5 that belong to the P5-ATPase group are present in humans. Loss-of-function mutations in the ATP13A2 gene (PARK9, OMIM 610513) underlay a form of Parkinson's disease (PD) known as the Kufor-Rakeb syndrome (KRS), which belongs to the group of syndromes of neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation (NBIA). Here we report that the cytotoxicity induced by iron exposure was two-fold reduced in CHO cells stably expressing the ATP13A2 recombinant protein (ATP13A2)...
August 2015: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Eun-Jin Bae, Cheolsoon Lee, He-Jin Lee, Seokjoong Kim, Seung-Jae Lee
Parkinson's disease is a multifactorial disorder with several genes linked to the familial types of the disease. ATP13A2 is one of those genes and encode for a transmembrane protein localized in lysosomes and late endosomes. Previous studies suggested the roles of this protein in lysosomal functions and cellular ion homeostasis. Here, we set out to investigate the role of ATP13A2 in lysosomal function and in metabolism of α-synuclein, another PD-linked protein whose accumulation is implicated in the pathogenesis...
December 2014: Experimental Neurobiology
Guillaume Daniel, Alessandra Musso, Elpida Tsika, Aris Fiser, Liliane Glauser, Olga Pletnikova, Bernard L Schneider, Darren J Moore
Mutations in the ATP13A2 (PARK9) gene cause early-onset, autosomal recessive Parkinson's disease (PD) and Kufor-Rakeb syndrome. ATP13A2 mRNA is spliced into three distinct isoforms encoding a P5-type ATPase involved in regulating heavy metal transport across vesicular membranes. Here, we demonstrate that three ATP13A2 mRNA isoforms are expressed in the normal human brain and are modestly increased in the cingulate cortex of PD cases. ATP13A2 can mediate protection toward a number of stressors in mammalian cells and can protect against α-synuclein-induced toxicity in cellular and invertebrate models of PD...
January 2015: Neurobiology of Disease
Taiji Tsunemi, Kana Hamada, Dimitri Krainc
Kufor-Rakeb syndrome (KRS) is caused by loss-of-function mutations in ATP13A2 (PARK9) and characterized by juvenile-onset parkinsonism, pyramidal signs, and cognitive decline. Previous studies suggested that PARK9 deficiency causes lysosomal dysfunction and α-synuclein (α-syn) accumulation, whereas PARK9 overexpression suppresses toxicity of α-syn. However, the precise mechanism of PARK9 effect on lysosomes and α-syn has been unknown. Here, we found that overexpressed PARK9 localized to multivesicular bodies (MVBs) in the human H4 cell line...
November 12, 2014: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Guihua Li, Zhenzhong Zhang, Huan Xia, Xinling Yang
BACKGROUND: It has been reported that the ATP13A2 gene is one of the most susceptible pathogenic genes of Parkinson's disease (PD). PARK9 mutations are found in early-onset PD and familial PD patients. Uygur and Han PD patients in the Xinjiang area were recruited as research subjects to study the differences in the Thr12Met and Ala1144Thr loci mutations of the ATP13A2 gene in these PD populations. This study explored the mutations at the Thr12Met and Ala1144Thr gene loci of the ATP13A2 gene in Parkinson's disease patients in the Uygur and Han populations in the Xinjiang province...
2014: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Xinglong Yang, Yanming Xu
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a major neurodegenerative disorder for which the etiology and pathogenesis remain as elusive as for Alzheimer's disease. PD appears to be caused by genetic and environmental factors, and pedigree and cohort studies have identified numerous susceptibility genes and loci related to PD. Autosomal recessive mutations in the genes Parkin, Pink1, DJ-1, ATP13A2, PLA2G6, and FBXO7 have been linked to PD susceptibility. Such mutations in ATP13A2, also named PARK9, were first identified in 2006 in a Chilean family and are associated with a juvenile-onset, levodopa-responsive type of Parkinsonism called Kufor-Rakeb syndrome (KRS)...
2014: BioMed Research International
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