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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922758/the-feasibility-of-implementing-a-communication-skills-training-course-in-pediatric-hematology-oncology-fellowship
#1
Lauren Weintraub, Lisa Figueiredo, Michael Roth, Adam Levy
Communication skills are a competency highlighted by the Accreditation Council on Graduate Medical Education; yet, little is known about the frequency with which trainees receive formal training or what programs are willing to invest. We sought to answer this question and designed a program to address identified barriers. We surveyed pediatric fellowship program directors from all disciplines and, separately, pediatric hematology/oncology fellowship program directors to determine current use of formal communication skills training...
December 6, 2016: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922570/developing-a-simulation-based-training-program-for-the-prehospital-professionals-and-students-on-the-management-of-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome
#2
Melih Elcin, Arif Onan, Orhan Odabasi, Melahat Saylam, Handan Ilhan, Pinar Daylan Kockaya, Ilker Gurcuoglu, Yavuz Uckuyu, Duygu Cengiz, Osman Arikan Nacar
INTRODUCTION: Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) is a major global health threat. Prehospital professionals face the risk of infection as they work to save lives. They should be made aware of the disease and be prepared to handle such cases. The aims of our study are to develop a training program about the prehospital management of a MERS case using standardized patient (SP) scenarios, to evaluate the awareness and preparedness of the participants about MERS, and to evaluate the effectiveness of this training...
December 2016: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921147/can-the-alendronate-dosage-be-altered-when-combined-with-high-frequency-loading-in-osteoporosis-treatment
#3
C B Correa, G V Camargos, M Chatterjee, M F Mesquita, A A Del Bel Cury, I Naert, J Duyck, K Vandamme
: Alendronate therapy has been associated with serious side effects. Altering the alendronate concentration and combining with high-frequency loading as mechanical intervention was explored in this animal study as a treatment for osteoporosis. The bone anabolic potency of high-frequency loading was overruled by the different alendronate dosages applied in the present study. Further exploration of reduced hormonal therapy associated with mechanical interventions in osteoporosis treatment should be sought...
December 5, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920781/inoculation-of-schizolobium-parahyba-with-mycorrhizal-fungi-and-plant-growth-promoting-rhizobacteria-increases-wood-yield-under-field-conditions
#4
Martha V T Cely, Marco A Siviero, Janaina Emiliano, Flávia R Spago, Vanessa F Freitas, André R Barazetti, Erika T Goya, Gustavo de Souza Lamberti, Igor M O Dos Santos, Admilton G De Oliveira, Galdino Andrade
Schizolobium parahyba var. amazonicum (Huber ex Ducke) occurs naturally in the Brazilian Amazon. Currently, it is being planted extensively because of its fast growth and excellent use in forestry. Consequently, there is great interest in new strategies to increase wood production. The interaction between soil microorganisms and plants, specifically in the roots, provides essential nutrients for plant growth. These interactions can have growth-promoting effects. In this way, this study assessed the effect of the inoculation with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) on growth of S...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920761/diversity-and-distribution-of-phenol-oxidase-producing-fungi-from-soda-lake-and-description-of-curvularia-lonarensis-sp-nov
#5
Rahul Sharma, Om Prakash, Mahesh S Sonawane, Yogesh Nimonkar, Priyanka B Golellu, Rohit Sharma
Soda lake is hyper alkaline and saline habitat located in closed craters with high evaporation rate. In current study fungal diversity from water and sediment samples of a soda lake (Lonar lake) located in Buldhana district of Maharashtra, India was investigated using extensive culturomics approach and mimicking the natural conditions of Lonar lake in culture media. A total of 104 diverse isolates of extremophilic fungi were recovered from this study and phylogenetically characterized by internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region sequencing...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920605/a-new-species-of-iotarphia-cameron-coleoptera-staphylinidae-aleocharinae-from-tasmanian-seacoasts-australia
#6
Seung-Gyu Lee, Andrew W Osborn, Kee-Jeong Ahn
Iotarphia rufobrunnea Lee & Ahn, sp. n. is described from Tasmania. The new species is compared with another species of the genus, Iotarphia australis Cameron. A description, habitus photograph and illustrations of the diagnostic characters are provided.
2016: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920603/a-new-genus-and-species-of-tettigarctidae-from-the-mesozoic-of-northeastern-china-insecta-hemiptera-cicadoidea
#7
Yan Zheng, Jun Chen, Xiaoli Wang
A new genus Maculaprosbole of Tettigarctidae with a new species Maculaprosbole zhengi is described based on a complete fossil forewing from the Mesozoic of northeastern China. Due to its broad costal area and clavus, Maculaprosbole zhengigen. et sp. n. can be attributed to the subfamily Cicadoprosbolinae. This genus is similar to the genera Sanmai and Hirtaprosbole in coloration pattern and forewing venation, respectively. However, it differs from Hirtaprosbole in crossvein r-m absent and apical CuA section strongly curved, running along the nodal line for a distance, and Sanmai in transverse coloration mainly focusing on the postnodal area...
2016: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920599/review-of-the-east-palaearctic-and-north-oriental-psyttalia-walker-with-the-description-of-three-new-species-hymenoptera-braconidae-opiinae
#8
Qiong Wu, Cornelis van Achterberg, Jiang-Li Tan, Xue-Xin Chen
The East Palaearctic and North Oriental species of the genus Psyttalia Walker (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Opiinae) are reviewed. Three new species are described and illustrated: Psyttalia latinervis Wu & van Achterberg, sp. n. and Psyttalia majocellata Wu & van Achterberg, sp. n. from China, and Psyttalia spectabilis van Achterberg, sp. n. from Japan. Coeloreuteus formosanus Watanabe, 1934, Opius (Lissosema) proclivis Papp, 1981, Opius (Psyttalia) subcyclogaster Tobias, 1998, Opius (Psyttalia) darasunicus Tobias, 1998, Opius (Psyttalia) cyclogastroides Tobias, 1998, Psyttalia extensa Weng & Chen, 2001, and Rhogadopsis longicaudifera Li & van Achterberg, 2013, are new synonyms of Psyttalia cyclogaster (Thomson, 1895); Opius (Psyttalia) ophthalmicus Tobias, 1977, and Opius (Psyttalia) brevitemporalis Tobias, 1998, of Psyttalia carinata (Thomson, 1895) and both Opius (Psyttalia) vacuus Tobias, 1998, and Opius (Lissosema) longurius Chen & Weng, 1995, of Rhogadopsis mediocarinata (Fischer, 1963)...
2016: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920396/prevalence-and-subtype-identification-of-blastocystis-sp-in-healthy-individuals-in-the-tunis-area-tunisia
#9
Imène Ben Abda, Nabil Maatoug, Rania Ben Romdhane, Nada Bouhelmi, Najet Zallegua, Karim Aoun, Eric Viscogliosi, Aïda Bouratbine
Blastocystis sp. is currently the most common eukaryotic parasite found in humans. Despite its potential public health impact, epidemiological data regarding its prevalence and molecular subtype (ST) distribution in Maghreb are rarely reported. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of the parasite in a cohort of healthy food handler Tunisian individuals and to acquire the first molecular data regarding the distribution of Blastocystis sp. STs in this country. Therefore, 524 fecal samples were collected, and 68 of them (13%) were identified as positive for the parasite by direct-light microscopy of smears...
December 5, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920147/accumbens-nnos-interneurons-regulate-cocaine-relapse
#10
Alexander C W Smith, Michael D Scofield, Jasper A Heinsbroek, Cassandra D Gipson, Daniela Neuhofer, Doug J Roberts-Wolfe, Sade Spencer, Neringa M Stankeviciute, Rachel Smith, Nicholas P Allen, Melissa R Lorang, William C Griffin, Heather A Boger, Peter W Kalivas
: Relapse to drug use can be initiated by drug-associated cues. The intensity of cue-induced relapse is correlated with the induction of transient synaptic potentiation (t-SP) at glutamatergic synapses on medium spiny neurons (MSNs) in the nucleus accumbens core (NAcore), and requires spillover of glutamate from prefrontal cortical afferents. We used a rodent self-administration/reinstatement model of relapse to show that cue-induced t-SP and reinstated cocaine-seeking result from glutamate spillover initiating a metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGluR5)-dependent increase in nitric oxide (NO) production...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919953/bishydroquinone-renieramycin-m-induces-apoptosis-of-human-lung-cancer-cells-through-a-mitochondria-dependent-pathway
#11
Tatchakorn Pinkhien, Arnatchai Maiuthed, Supakarn Chamni, Khanit Suwanborirux, Naoki Saito, Pithi Chanvorachote
BACKGROUND: Renieranycin M (RM), a bistetrahydro-isoquinolinequinone isolated from the Thai blue sponge, Xestospongia sp. was reported to be a potent anti-lung cancer agent. Modification at quinone ring enhanced apoptosis over necrosis. Thus, bishydroquinone renieramycin M (HQ-RM) was prepared and evaluated for apoptosis induction in lung cancer cells. METHODS: HQ-RM was examined for cytotoxicity and apoptosis induction in human lung cancer H292 cells by 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5 diphenyltetrazoliumbromide and Hoechst/propidium iodide staining, respectively...
December 2016: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919704/global-transcriptome-analysis-of-halolamina-sp-to-decipher-the-salt-tolerance-in-extremely-halophilic-archaea
#12
Aslıhan Kurt-Kızıldoğan, Büşra Abanoz, Sezer Okay
Extremely halophilic archaea survive in the hypersaline environments such as salt lakes or salt mines. Therefore, these microorganisms are good sources to investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying the tolerance to high salt concentrations. In this study, a global transcriptome analysis was conducted in an extremely halophilic archaeon, Halolamina sp. YKT1, isolated from a salt mine in Turkey. A comparative RNA-seq analysis was performed using YKT1 isolate grown either at 2.7M NaCl or 5.5M NaCl concentrations...
December 2, 2016: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919652/sequencing-of-individual-chromosomes-of-plant-pathogenic-fusarium-oxysporum
#13
Takeshi Kashiwa, Toshinori Kozaki, Kazuo Ishii, B Gillian Turgeon, Tohru Teraoka, Ken Komatsu, Tsutomu Arie
A small chromosome in reference isolate 4287 of F. oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici (Fol) has been designated as a 'pathogenicity chromosome' because it carries several pathogenicity related genes such as the Secreted In Xylem (SIX) genes. Sequence assembly of small chromosomes in other isolates, based on a reference genome template, is difficult because of karyotype variation among isolates and a high number of sequences associated with transposable elements. These factors often result in misassembly of sequences, making it unclear whether other isolates possess the same pathogenicity chromosome harboring SIX genes as in the reference isolate...
December 2, 2016: Fungal Genetics and Biology: FG & B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919624/metabolic-fate-of-glucose-in-rats-with-traumatic-brain-injury-and-pyruvate-or-glucose-treatments-a-nmr-spectroscopy-study
#14
Katsunori Shijo, Richard L Sutton, Sima S Ghavim, Neil G Harris, Brenda L Bartnik-Olson
Administration of sodium pyruvate (SP; 9.08 μmol/kg, i.p.), ethyl pyruvate (EP; 0.34 μmol/kg, i.p.) or glucose (GLC; 11.1 μmol/kg, i.p.) to rats after unilateral controlled cortical impact (CCI) injury has been reported to reduce neuronal loss and improve cerebral metabolism. In the present study these doses of each fuel or 8% saline (SAL; 5.47 nmoles/kg) were administered immediately and at 1, 3, 6 and 23 h post-CCI. At 24 h all CCI groups and non-treated Sham injury controls were infused with [1,2 (13)C] glucose for 68 min (13)C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra were obtained from cortex + hippocampus tissues from left (injured) and right (contralateral) hemispheres...
December 2, 2016: Neurochemistry International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919489/cognitive-event-related-potentials-in-multiple-sclerosis-correlation-with-mri-and-neuropsychological-findings
#15
Vasilios K Kimiskidis, Vasileios Papaliagkas, Kyriaki Sotirakoglou, Zoi K Kouvatsou, Victoria K Kapina, Efrosini Papadaki, Vaia Tsimourtou, Elvira Masoura, Dimitrios A Kazis, Sotirios Papayiannopoulos, Triantafyllos Geroukis, Sevasti Bostanjopoulou
BACKGROUND: Cognitive event-related potentials (ERPs) have been previously correlated with T2 lesion load (Τ2LL) in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). It is currently unknown, however, whether ERPs also correlate with brain atrophy or the presence of T1 hypointense lesions ("black holes") which reflect tissue destruction and axonal loss. The primary aim of the current study is to explore the effect of neuroradiological parameters such as brain atrophy, T1 and T2 lesion load on auditory ERPs in MS patients...
November 2016: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919375/software-intelligent-system-for-effective-solutions-for-hearing-impaired-subjects
#16
Rajkumar S, Muttan S, Sapthagirivasan V, Jaya V, Vignesh S S
PURPOSE: The anatomy and physiology of the ear is complex in nature, which makes it a challenge for audiologists to prescribe solutions for varied hearing-impaired subjects. There is a need to increase the satisfaction level of hearing-aid users by adopting better strategies that involve modern technological advancements. AIM: To design and develop a decision support Software Intelligent System (SIS) that performs audiological investigations to assess the degree of hearing loss and to suggest appropriate hearing-aid gain values...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919287/chemical-profiling-antimicrobial-and-insecticidal-evaluations-of-polygonum-hydropiper-l
#17
Muhammad Ayaz, Muhammad Junaid, Farhat Ullah, Abdul Sadiq, Muhammad Ovais, Waqar Ahmad, Sajjad Ahmad, Anwar Zeb
BACKGROUND: The emergence of multidrug resistant (MDR) pathogens is of great concern to the global health community. Our ability to effectively treat diseases is based on the discovery of potent drugs for the treatment of these challenging diseases. Traditional medicines are one of the major sources for the discovery of safe, effective and economical drug candidates. In order to validate its antibacterial, antifungal and insecticidal potentials with respect to traditional uses, we have screened for the first time Polygonum hydropiper against pathogenic bacterial, fungal strains and a variety of insects...
December 5, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918963/isolation-of-a-facultative-anaerobic-exoelectrogenic-strain-lz-1-and-probing-electron-transfer-mechanism-in-situ-by-linking-uv-vis-spectroscopy-and-electrochemistry
#18
Lei Zhou, Dandan Deng, Yichi Zhang, Wen Zhou, Yujing Jiang, Ying Liu
A new facultative anaerobic exoelectrogenic strain LZ-1, belonging to Citrobacter freundii, has been isolated. This strain can produce current densities of 843.9 and 865.6μAcm(-2) using citrate or acetate as carbon source in a three-electrode configuration. The electricity generation performance was also analyzed in a dual-chamber MFC system, reaching a maximum power density of 1233mWm(-2). In addition to acetate and citrate, other carbon sources such as pyruvate, formate, acetate, citrate and fumarate could also be utilized to produce current by strain LZ-1...
November 27, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918459/synthesis-antiphospholipase-a%C3%A2-antiprotease-antibacterial-evaluation-and-molecular-docking-analysis-of-certain-novel-hydrazones
#19
Nahed N E El-Sayed, Ahmed M Alafeefy, Mohammed A Bakht, Vijay H Masand, Ali Aldalbahi, Nan Chen, Chunhai Fan, Abir Ben Bacha
Some novel hydrazone derivatives 6a-o were synthesized from the key intermediate 4-Chloro-N-(2-hydrazinocarbonyl-phenyl)-benzamide 5 and characterized using IR, ¹H-NMR, (13)C-NMR, mass spectroscopy and elemental analysis. The inhibitory potential against two secretory phospholipase A₂ (sPLA₂), three protease enzymes and eleven bacterial strains were evaluated. The results revealed that all compounds showed preferential inhibition towards hGIIA isoform of sPLA₂ rather than DrG-IB with compounds 6l and 6e being the most active...
December 2, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918053/silver-catalyzed-c2-selective-direct-alkylation-of-heteroarenes-with-tertiary-cycloalkanols
#20
Shi-Chao Lu, Hong-Shuang Li, Shu Xu, Gui-Yun Duan
A silver-catalyzed regioselective C2-alkylation of heteroarenes with tertiary cycloalkanols under radical conditions was developed. This tandem process, which includes selective C-H activation, C(sp(3))-C(sp(3)) bond cleavage, and C(sp(3))-C(sp(2)) bond formation, affords a novel and environmentally friendly approach for the production of carbonyl-containing alkyl-substituted heteroarenes with moderate to good yields.
December 5, 2016: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
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