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Temporal lobectomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820305/erratum-thirty-day-postoperative-morbidity-and-mortality-after-temporal-lobectomy-for-medically-refractory-epilepsy
#1
Mohamad Bydon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 18, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802988/does-education-play-a-role-in-language-reorganization-after-surgery-in-drug-refractory-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-an-fmri-based-study
#2
Kapil Chaudhary, Bhargavi Ramanujam, S Senthil Kumaran, P Sarat Chandra, Ashima Nehra Wadhawan, Ajay Garg, Manjari Tripathi
OBJECTIVES: Patients with drug refractory epilepsy (DRE) and a high level of education may differ in their language recovery after surgery. Our aim was to determine whether there were differences in the extent of improvement and pattern of reorganization of language functions on functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) after surgery to treat refractory temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) between patients with more than 12 years of formal education versus those with a shorter period of regular schooling...
July 29, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765064/treatment-of-epilepsy-in-patients-with-myasthenia-gravis-is-really-harder-than-it-looks
#3
Paulo José Lorenzoni, Renata Dal-Prá Ducci, Tallulah Spina Tensini, Giuliano Dalledone, Claudia Suemi Kamoi Kay, Luciano de Paola, Lineu Cesar Werneck, Rosana Herminia Scola, Carlos Silvado
The relationship between myasthenia gravis (MG) and epilepsy has been rarely reported. As consequence, there are no specific guidelines for the management of these conditions when they mutually occur. We reported on three patients in whom epilepsy and MG are coexisting, but in different clinical settings. Two patients were treated with antiepileptic drugs which improved their symptoms. One patient has controlled the seizures after a successful anterior temporal lobectomy with no appreciable consequences to her MG...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752020/giant-epidermoid-cyst-a-rare-cause-of-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#4
Vinicius Gomes Trindade, Marcos de Queiroz Teles Gomes, Marcelo Prudente do Espirito Santo, Manoel Jacobsen Teixeira, Wellingson Silva Paiva
Introduction  Epidermoid tumors represent approximately 0.3 to 1.8% of all intracranial brain tumors. Only 1.5% of all intracranial epidermoid cysts (ECs) invade the brain and secondary epilepsy is extremely rare. Since August 2014, a 59-year-old male smoker had been presenting bad smell feelings, totaling four episodes with sudden onset and duration of 2 minutes. On September 2014, after a sense of smell episode, it evolved into loss of contact and automatic movements followed by generalized tonic-clonic movements...
July 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725554/successful-surgical-management-of-new-onset-refractory-status-epilepticus-norse-presenting-with-gelastic-seizures-in-a-3%C3%A2-year-old-girl
#5
Ahmad Marashly, Sean Lew, Jennifer Koop
Gelastic seizures (GS) are typically associated with hypothalamic hamartomas and present during childhood. However it is now known that GS can be found in focal epilepsies arising from other regions in the brain, including mesial and neocortical frontal, temporal and parietal regions. GS have rarely been described as the presenting manifestation of New Onset Refractory Status Epilepticus (NORSE). In this article we describe a previously healthy 3-year-old who presented with an explosive onset of GS that were refractory to multiple anti-seizure medications...
2017: Epilepsy & Behavior Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699085/laser-interstitial-thermal-therapy-for-epilepsy
#6
REVIEW
Eric Prince, Shahin Hakimian, Andrew L Ko, Jeffrey G Ojemann, Michelle S Kim, John W Miller
MRI-guided laser interstitial thermal therapy (MgLiTT) uses a narrow diameter cannula to stereotactically target and heat deeper cerebral structures. This technique produces a precise lesion in the brain with great reliability because the localized tissue temperature change is monitored in real time. Because MgLiTT minimizes injury to surrounding brain, it appears to have a lower risk of affecting normal neurological function, and because it is done through a burr hole, there is less operative risk, less discomfort, and shorter hospitalizations...
September 2017: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696174/bilateral-lateral-ventricular-subependymoma-with-extensive-multiplicity-presenting-with-hemorrhage
#7
F M Moinuddin, Novita Ikbar Khairunnisa, Hirofumi Hirano, Tomoko Hanada, Tsubasa Hiraki, Mari Kirishima, Kiyohisa Kamimura, Kazunori Arita
This 48-year-old-man who had undergone right thyroid lobectomy for undifferentiated thyroid carcinoma nine years earlier developed generalized seizures. His cerebrospinal fluid was xanthochromic with elevation of total protein. Computed tomography (CT) showed mixed-density bilateral ventricular masses. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed multiple nodules in both lateral ventricles; they were heterogeneously enhanced by gadolinium. Diffuse hyperintensity in the right medial temporal lobe and bilateral subependymal area was noted on fluid-attenuated inversion recovery images...
January 1, 2017: Neuroradiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686118/method-for-temporal-keyhole-lobectomies-in-resection-of-low-and-high-grade-gliomas
#8
Andrew K Conner, Joshua D Burks, Cordell M Baker, Adam D Smitherman, Dillon P Pryor, Chad A Glenn, Robert G Briggs, Phillip A Bonney, Michael E Sughrue
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to describe a method of resecting temporal gliomas through a keyhole lobectomy and to share the results of using this technique. METHODS The authors performed a retrospective review of data obtained in all patients in whom the senior author performed resection of temporal gliomas between 2012 and 2015. The authors describe their technique for resecting dominant and nondominant gliomas, using both awake and asleep keyhole craniotomy techniques. RESULTS Fifty-two patients were included in the study...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682826/misleading-eeg-lateralization-associated-with-midline-shift
#9
Gena R Ghearing, Sergiu Abramovici, Alexandra Popescu, Maria E Baldwin
Midline discharges, lateralized periodic discharges, and seizures have been described with ipsilateral lesions that result in midline shift (MLS). Periodic discharges and seizures arising contralateral to a known lesion have not previously been described as a sign of MLS. We present four patients with focal brain lesions, resulting in MLS and epileptiform discharges arising from the contralateral hemisphere. Patient 1 underwent a right anterior temporal lobectomy. On postoperative day 2, computed tomography demonstrated a right to left MLS of 12 mm, and EEG was remarkable for left temporal nonconvulsive status epilepticus...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656696/predictive-factors-of-long-term-outcomes-of-surgery-for-mesial-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-associated-with-hippocampal-sclerosis
#10
Bertrand Mathon, Franck Bielle, Séverine Samson, Odile Plaisant, Sophie Dupont, Anne Bertrand, Richard Miles, Vi-Huong Nguyen-Michel, Virginie Lambrecq, Ana Laura Calderon-Garcidueñas, Charles Duyckaerts, Alexandre Carpentier, Michel Baulac, Philippe Cornu, Claude Adam, Stéphane Clemenceau, Vincent Navarro
OBJECTIVE: The reasons for failure of surgical treatment for mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) associated with hippocampal sclerosis (HS) remain unclear. This retrospective study analyzed seizure, cognitive, and psychiatric outcomes, searching for factors associated with seizure relapse or cognitive and psychiatric deterioration after MTLE-HS surgery. METHODS: Seizure, cognitive, and psychiatric outcomes were reviewed after 389 surgeries performed between 1990 and 2015 on patients aged 15-67 years at a tertiary center...
August 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644097/thirty-day-postoperative-morbidity-and-mortality-after-temporal-lobectomy-for-medically-refractory-epilepsy
#11
Panagiotis Kerezoudis, Brandon McCutcheon, Meghan E Murphy, Kenan R Rajjoub, Daniel Ubl, Elizabeth B Habermann, Gregory Worrell, Mohamad Bydon, Jamie J Van Gompel
OBJECTIVE Temporal lobectomy is a well-established treatment modality for the management of medically refractory epilepsy in appropriately selected patients. The aim of this study was to assess 30-day morbidity and mortality after temporal lobectomy in cases registered in a national database. METHODS A retrospective cohort analysis was conducted using a multiinstitutional surgical registry compiled between 2006 and 2014. The authors identified patients who underwent anterior temporal lobectomy and/or amygdalohippocampectomy for a primary diagnosis of intractable epilepsy...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633092/epilepsy-in-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#12
Anthony Pecoraro, Eric Arehart, William Gallentine, Rodney Radtke, Edward Smith, Carolyn Pizoli, Sujay Kansagra, Elie Abdelnour, Roger McLendon, Mohamad A Mikati
OBJECTIVES: To describe the characteristics of epilepsy in patients with Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). METHODS: Analysis of a cohort of consecutive NF1 patients seen in our NF1 clinic during a three-year period. RESULTS: Of the 184 NF1 patients seen during that period, 26 had epilepsy and three had febrile seizures. Of the 26, 17 (65%) had localization-related epilepsy, seven of whom (41%) were drug resistant. Six (23%) had apparently primary generalized epilepsy (0/6 drug resistant), two (8%) Lennox-Gastaut syndrome, and one (4%) West syndrome (all three were drug-resistant)...
June 17, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628562/robotic-versus-video-assisted-lobectomy-segmentectomy-for-lung-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#13
Hengrui Liang, Wenhua Liang, Lei Zhao, Difei Chen, Jianrong Zhang, Yiyin Zhang, Shiyan Tang, Jianxing He
: Objective: To compare the safety/efficacy of the robotic-assisted lobectomy/segmentectomy (RAL/S) with the video-assisted lobectomy/segmentectomy (VAL/S) for radical lung cancer resection. BACKGROUND: It remains uncertain whether the newly developed RAL/S is comparable with the VAL/S. METHODS: A comprehensive search of online databases was performed. Perioperative outcomes were synthesized. Cumulative meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the temporal trend of pooled outcomes...
June 16, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626979/electro-clinical-criteria-and-surgical-outcome-is-there-a-difference-between-mesial-and-lesional-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#14
M Wassenaar, F S S Leijten, G-J de Haan, S G Uijl, J W Sander
OBJECTIVES: Mesial temporal lobe epilepsy syndrome (MTLE) with specific electrophysiological and clinical characteristics and hippocampal sclerosis (HS) on MRI is considered the prototype of a syndrome with good surgical prognosis. Ictal onset zones in MTLE have been found to extend outside the hippocampus and neocortical seizures often involve mesial structures. It can, thus, be questioned whether MTLE with HS is different from lesional temporal epilepsies with respect to electro-clinical characteristics and surgical prognosis...
June 18, 2017: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618390/thirty-day-non-seizure-outcomes-following-temporal-lobectomy-for-adult-epilepsy
#15
Brandon A Sherrod, Matthew C Davis, Kristen O Riley
OBJECTIVE: Multi-institutional rates of acute adverse outcomes other than seizures after temporal lobectomy (TL) are not well understood. Here we analyzed short-term morbidity and mortality following TL using a validated national database. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The multi-institutional American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database was queried by Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code for TL procedures performed for adult patients with diagnoses related to epilepsy from 2008 to 2014...
September 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591482/hypothalamic-hamartoma-epileptogenesis-beyond-the-lesion
#16
REVIEW
Julia Scholly, Anke Maren Staack, Philippe Kahane, Didier Scavarda, Jean Régis, Edouard Hirsch, Fabrice Bartolomei
The discovery of intrinsic epileptogenicity of the hypothalamic hamartoma (HH) marked a new area in understanding the associated clinical syndrome, often manifesting as progressive epileptic encephalopathy. However, therapeutic procedures targeting the HH proved to be inefficient to cure seizures in up to 50% of cases, whereas in cases with partial improvement, the electroclinical patterns of persisting seizures suggest an involvement of distant cortical regions. The concept of kindling-like secondary epileptogenesis has been suggested as a possible underlying mechanism...
June 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582572/surgical-treatment-of-mesiotemporal-lobe-epilepsy-which-approach-is-favorable
#17
Barbara Schmeiser, Kathrin Wagner, Andreas Schulze-Bonhage, Irina Mader, Anne-Sophie Wendling, Bernhard Jochen Steinhoff, Marco Prinz, Christian Scheiwe, Astrid Weyerbrock, Josef Zentner
BACKGROUND: Mesiotemporal lobe epilepsy is one of the most frequent causes for pharmacoresistant epilepsy. Different surgical approaches to the mesiotemporal area are used. OBJECTIVE: To analyze epileptological and neuropsychological results as well as complications of different surgical strategies. METHODS: This retrospective study is based on a consecutive series of 458 patients all harboring pharmacoresistant mesiotemporal lobe epilepsy...
June 2, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575764/gaze-matters-the-effect-of-gaze-direction-on-emotional-enhancement-of-memory-for-faces-in-patients-with-mesial-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#18
Łukasz Okruszek, Aleksandra Bala, Marcela Dziekan, Marta Szantroch, Andrzej Rysz, Andrzej Marchel, Sylwia Hyniewska
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to examine if gaze and emotional expression, both highly self-relevant social signals, affect the recollection accuracy of perceived faces in patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE). METHODS: Forty patients with MTLE (twenty-one without surgery and nineteen after anterior temporal lobectomy) as well as twenty healthy controls (HC) took part in the study. We used a set of 64 facial stimuli: 32 neutral and 32 emotional displays (16 fearful; 16 angry) from well-established affective stimuli databases...
May 30, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574311/erratum-gamma-knife-radiosurgery-for-recurrent-or-residual-seizures-after-anterior-temporal-lobectomy-in-mesial-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-patients-with-hippocampal-sclerosis-long-term-follow-up-results-of-more-than-4-years
#19
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566958/cognitive-outcome-after-surgery-in-patients-with-mesial-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#20
Günay Gül, Demet Yandim Kuşcu, Mesude Özerden, Melek Kandemir, Fulya Eren, Bekir Tuğcu, Cahit Keskinkiliç, Nalan Kayrak, Dursun Kirbaş
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the neuropsychological outcomes of patients with medically intractable unilateral mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) due to hippocampal sclerosis (HS) treated either by anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) or selective amygdalohippocampectomy (SAH). METHODS: This was a retrospective study where 67 patients who had undergone surgery for MTLE were evaluated. Thirty-two patients underwent ATL and 35 underwent SAH...
March 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
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