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Amygdalohippocampectomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932370/seizure-outcome-in-pediatric-medically-refractory-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-surgery-selective-amygdalohippocampectomy-versus-anterior-temporal-lobectomy
#1
Cameron A Elliott, Andrew Broad, Karl Narvacan, Trevor A Steve, Thomas Snyder, Jordan Urlacher, B Matt Wheatley, D Barry Sinclair
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate long-term seizure outcome, rate of reoperation, and postoperative neuropsychological performance following selective amygdalohippocampectomy (SelAH) or anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) in pediatric patients with medically refractory temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). METHODS The authors performed a retrospective review of cases of medically refractory pediatric TLE treated initially with either SelAH or ATL. Standardized pre- and postoperative evaluation included seizure charting, surface and long-term video-electroencephalography, 1...
June 22, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29878277/left-transsylvian-transcisternal-and-transinferior-insular-sulcus-approach-for-resection-of-uncohippocampal-tumor-3-dimensional-operative-video
#2
Juan C Fernandez-Miranda
The medial temporal lobe can be divided in anterior, middle, and posterior segments. The anterior segment is formed by the uncus and hippocampal head, and it has extra and intraventricular structures. There are 2 main approaches to the uncohippocampal region, the anteromedial temporal lobectomy (Spencer's technique) and the transsylvian selective amygdalohippocampectomy (Yasargil's technique).In this video, we present the case of a 29-yr-old man with new onset of generalized seizures and a contrast-enhancing lesion in the left anterior segment of the medial temporal lobe compatible with high-grade glioma...
June 7, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29805945/volumetric-trends-associated-with-mr-guided-stereotactic-laser-amygdalohippocampectomy-in-mesial-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#3
Arthur Carminucci, Nitesh V Patel, Sri Sundararajan, Irwin Keller, Shabbar Danish
OBJECTIVE: Magnetic resonance (MR)-guided stereotactic laser amygdalohippocampectomy is a minimally invasive procedure for the treatment of refractory epilepsy in patients with mesial temporal sclerosis. Limited data exist on post-ablation volumetric trends associated with the procedure. METHODS: 10 patients with mesial temporal sclerosis underwent MR-guided stereotactic laser amygdalohippocampectomy. Three independent raters computed ablation volumes at the following time points: pre-ablation (PreA), immediate post-ablation (IPA), 24 hours post-ablation (24PA), first follow-up post-ablation (FPA), and greater than three months follow-up post-ablation (>3MPA), using OsiriX DICOM Viewer (Pixmeo, Bernex, Switzerland)...
March 27, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769251/systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis-of-resective-surgery-for-mesial-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#4
Puneet Jain, George Tomlinson, Carter Snead, Beate Sander, Elysa Widjaja
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) versus selective amygdalohippocampectomy (SAH) on seizure-free outcome in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy, using both direct and indirect evidence from the literature. METHODS: MEDLINE, Embase and Cochrane databases were searched for original research articles and systematic reviews comparing ATL versus SAH, and ATL or SAH versus medical management (MM). The outcome was seizure freedom at 12 months of follow-up or longer...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768433/the-long-term-outcomes-of-epilepsy-surgery
#5
Midhun Mohan, Simon Keller, Andrew Nicolson, Shubhabrata Biswas, David Smith, Jibril Osman Farah, Paul Eldridge, Udo Wieshmann
OBJECTIVE: Despite modern anti-epileptic drug treatment, approximately 30% of epilepsies remain medically refractory and for these patients, epilepsy surgery may be a treatment option. There have been numerous studies demonstrating good outcome of epilepsy surgery in the short to median term however, there are a limited number of studies looking at the long-term outcomes. The aim of this study was to ascertain the long-term outcome of resective epilepsy surgery in a large neurosurgery hospital in the U...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688523/letter-the-paramedian-supracerebellar-transtentorial-selective-amygdalohippocampectomy-for-mediobasal-temporal-epilepsy
#6
Atilla Erdem
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688448/in-reply-the-paramedian-supracerebellar-transtentorial-selective-amygdalohippocampectomy-for-mediobasal-temporal-epilepsy
#7
Mehmet Volkan Harput, Ugur Türe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686574/urinary-urge-seizure-semiology-localization-by-intracranial-monitoring
#8
Ronak Rengarajan, Sadat Shamim
Seizures may present with many different symptom complexes. Seizure semiologies have localization value when contemplating surgical therapies. Epilepsy presenting as a desire to micturate is exceedingly rare, with only a handful of published cases. We present a patient who had initially unexplained childhood urinary urge that progressed into lapses of memory and confusion that was eventually diagnosed as epilepsy in adulthood. Due to refractoriness to medical management, our patient's epileptic focus was localized through both noninvasive and invasive subdural electrode arrays to the nondominant medial temporal lobe and successfully treated with an amygdalohippocampectomy...
January 2018: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649646/simultaneous-treatment-of-epilepsy-and-secondary-dystonia-after-anterior-temporal-lobectomy-and-amygdalohippocampectomy
#9
Lily Rasouli, Jonathan J Rasouli, Fedor Panov, Ji Yeoun Yoo, Patricia E McGoldrick, Saadi Ghatan
BACKGROUND: The relationship between temporal lobe epilepsy and focal limb dystonia is a well-recognized phenomenon, yet its pathogenesis and anatomical foundation are not well understood. Here, we describe two patients with refractory focal epilepsy and contralateral focal limb dystonia whose seizures and dystonic symptoms simultaneously resolved after anterior temporal lobectomy and amygdalohippocampectomy (ATLAH). CASE DESCRIPTION: We identified two patients within the Mount Sinai Health system with improvement in dystonia after medial temporal lobectomy...
April 9, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572865/hippocampal-subfield-segmentation-in-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-relation-to-outcomes
#10
B A K Kreilkamp, B Weber, S B Elkommos, M P Richardson, S S Keller
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical and surgical outcome correlates of preoperative hippocampal subfield volumes in patients with refractory temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) using a new magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) multisequence segmentation technique. METHODS: We recruited 106 patients with TLE and hippocampal sclerosis (HS) who underwent conventional T1-weighted and T2 short TI inversion recovery MRI. An automated hippocampal segmentation algorithm was used to identify twelve subfields in each hippocampus...
June 2018: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499601/in-reply-to-selective-amygdalohippocampectomy-for-mesial-temporal-sclerosis-special-considerations-in-geniuses
#11
LETTER
Bertrand Mathon, Séverine Samson, Sophie Dupont, Stéphane Clemenceau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499600/selective-amygdalohippocampectomy-for-mesial-temporal-sclerosis-special-considerations-in-geniuses
#12
LETTER
Mousa Taghipour, Fariborz Ghaffarpasand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462454/anatomic-investigation-of-the-trajectory-for-stereotactic-laser-amygdalohippocampectomy
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461485/surgical-considerations-of-intractable-mesial-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#14
REVIEW
Warren W Boling
Surgery of temporal lobe epilepsy is the best opportunity for seizure freedom in medically intractable patients. The surgical approach has evolved to recognize the paramount importance of the mesial temporal structures in the majority of patients with temporal lobe epilepsy who have a seizure origin in the mesial temporal structures. For those individuals with medically intractable mesial temporal lobe epilepsy, a selective amygdalohippocampectomy surgery can be done that provides an excellent opportunity for seizure freedom and limits the resection to temporal lobe structures primarily involved in seizure genesis...
February 20, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379392/epilepsy-surgery-in-hospital-universiti-sains-malaysia-our-experiences-since-2004
#15
Ang Song Yee, John Tharakan, Zamzuri Idris, Shalini Bhaskar, Sanihah Abdul Halim, Salmi Abd Razak, Zabidi Azhar Mohd Hussin, Regunath Kandasamy, Wan Mohd Nazaruddin Wan Hassan, Laila Mukmin, Mohamad Hasyizan Hassan, Tan Yew Chin, Badrisyah Idris, Abdul Rahman Izaini Ghani, Hillol Kanti Pal, Jain George, Sani Sayuthi, Mohamed Saufi Awang, Jafri Malin Abdullah
Epilepsy surgery has been performed by a few centres in Malaysia, including Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia (HUSM). To date, a total of 15 patients have undergone epilepsy surgery in HUSM. The epilepsy surgery included anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) with amygdalohippocampectomy (AH) and Vagal nerve stimulation (VNS). The surgical outcomes of the patients were assessed using the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) outcome scale. The ILAE scores for patients who underwent ATL with AH were comparatively better than those who underwent VNS...
December 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331847/longitudinal-hippocampal-and-extra-hippocampal-microstructural-and-macrostructural-changes-following-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-surgery
#16
Cameron A Elliott, Donald W Gross, B Matt Wheatley, Christian Beaulieu, Tejas Sankar
OBJECTIVES: 1) Characterize the evolution of microstructural changes in the contralateral, non-operated hippocampus-using longitudinal diffusion tensor imaging (DTI)-following surgery for temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). 2) Characterize the downstream extra-hippocampal volumetric changes of the fornix and mammillary bodies after TLE surgery. 3) Examine the relationship between these measures and seizure/cognitive outcome. METHODS: Serial structural and DTI brain MRI scans were collected in 25 TLE patients pre- and post-surgery (anterior temporal lobectomy, ATL - 13; selective amygdalohippocampectomy, SelAH - 12) and in 12 healthy controls...
February 2018: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306849/verbal-learning-and-memory-outcome-in-selective-amygdalohippocampectomy-versus-temporal-lobe-resection-in-patients-with-hippocampal-sclerosis
#17
Mette Thrane Foged, Kirsten Vinter, Louise Stauning, Troels W Kjær, Brice Ozenne, Sándor Beniczky, Olaf B Paulson, Flemming Find Madsen, Lars H Pinborg
PURPOSE: With the advent of new very selective techniques like thermal laser ablation to treat drug-resistant focal epilepsy, the controversy of resection size in relation to seizure outcome versus cognitive deficits has gained new relevance. The purpose of this study was to test the influence of the selective amygdalohippocampectomy (SAH) versus nonselective temporal lobe resection (TLR) on seizure outcome and cognition in patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) and histopathological verified hippocampal sclerosis (HS)...
February 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273691/neuropsychological-outcome-after-subtemporal-versus-transsylvian-approach-for-selective-amygdalohippocampectomy-in-patients-with-mesial-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-a-randomised-prospective-clinical-trial
#18
Viola Lara Vogt, Daniel Delev, Alexander Grote, Johannes Schramm, Marec von Lehe, Christian Erich Elger, Juri-Alexander Witt, Christoph Helmstaedter
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of different surgical approaches for selective amygdalohippocampectomy in patients with pharmacoresistant mesial temporal lobe epilepsy with regard to the neuropsychological outcome and to replicate an earlier study employing a matched-pair design. METHOD: 47 patients were randomised to subtemporal versus transsylvian approaches. Memory, language, attentional and executive functions were assessed before and 1 year after surgery...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236824/transtemporal-amygdalohippocampectomy-a-novel-minimally-invasive-technique-with-optimal-clinical-results-and-low-cost
#19
Juan Antonio Castro Flores, Felipe Hada Sanders, Eberval Gadelha Figueiredo, Manoel Jacobsen Teixeira
Mesial temporal sclerosis creates a focal epileptic syndrome that usually requires surgical resection of mesial temporal structures. OBJECTIVE: To describe a novel operative technique for treatment of temporal lobe epilepsy and its clinical results. METHODS: Prospective case-series at a single institution, performed by a single surgeon, from 2006 to 2012. A total of 120 patients were submitted to minimally-invasive keyhole transtemporal amygdalohippocampectomy. RESULTS: Of the patients, 55% were male, and 85% had a right-sided disease...
November 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183959/stereotactic-eeg-guided-laser-interstitial-thermal-therapy-for-mesial-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#20
James X Tao, Shasha Wu, Maureen Lacy, Sandra Rose, Naoum P Issa, Carina W Yang, Katherine E Dorociak, Maria Bruzzone, Jisoon Kim, Ahmad Daif, Jason Choi, Vernon L Towle, Peter C Warnke
OBJECTIVE: To determine the outcomes of combined stereo-electroencephalography-guided and MRI-guided stereotactic laser interstitial thermal therapy (LITT) in the treatment of patients with drug-resistant mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (mTLE). METHODS: We prospectively assessed the surgical and neuropsychological outcomes in 21 patients with medically refractory mTLE who underwent LITT at the University of Chicago Medical Center. We further compared the surgical outcomes in patients with and without mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS)...
May 2018: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
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