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S100B protein

Hiroshi Takahashi, Yasuchika Aoki, Arata Nakajima, Masato Sonobe, Fumiaki Terajima, Masahiko Saito, Takuya Miyamoto, Keita Koyama, Keiichiro Yamamoto, Takeo Furuya, Masao Koda, Seiji Ohtori, Masashi Yamazaki, Koichi Nakagawa
PURPOSE: To determine levels of biomarkers reflecting damage to axon, myelin, astrocytes, and neuron in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with cervical compression myelopathy. METHODS: We collected 69 CSF samples from patients before spinal surgery for acutely worsening compression myelopathy (AM, 20), chronic compression myelopathy (CM, 20), and lumbar canal stenosis (LCS 29; control). We measured levels of phosphorylated neurofilament subunit H (pNF-H), tau (reflecting axonal damage), myelin basic protein (MBP) (reflecting demyelination), S100b (reflecting astrocyte damage), and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) (reflecting neuronal damage)...
March 19, 2018: European Spine Journal
Camilla Fardell, Anna Zettergren, Caroline Ran, Andrea Carmine Belin, Agneta Ekman, Olof Sydow, Lars Bäckman, Björn Holmberg, Nil Dizdar, Peter Söderkvist, Hans Nissbrandt
BACKGROUND: In this study we investigated the association between SNPs in the S100B gene and Parkinson's disease (PD) in two independent Swedish cohorts. The SNP rs9722 has previously been shown to be associated with higher S100B concentrations in serum and frontal cortex in humans. S100B is widely expressed in the central nervous system and has many functions such as regulating calcium homeostasis, inflammatory processes, cytoskeleton assembly/disassembly, protein phosphorylation and degradation, and cell proliferation and differentiation...
March 12, 2018: BMC Medical Genetics
Yue Deng, Yaping Xu, Huanhai Liu, Hu Peng, Qilei Tao, Hongyi Liu, Haibin Liu, Jian Wu, Xiaoping Chen, Jingping Fan
Objective To investigate the effects of electrical stimulation (ES) on the nerve regeneration and functional recovery of facial expression muscles in facial nerve defect rats. Methods Sixty rats were surgically introduced with a 1-cm defect on the right facial nerves and evenly divided into the Surgery group (Group A, the main trunk of the right facial nerve was surgically cut-off with a 1.0 cm at the foramina stylomastoideum) and the Surgery + ES group (Group B). Twenty normal rats were as normal control group (without receiving surgery or ES)...
March 2018: Neurological Research
Adriana Fernanda K Vizuete, Fernanda Hansen, Elisa Negri, Marina Concli Leite, Diogo Losch de Oliveira, Carlos-Alberto Gonçalves
BACKGROUND: Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is the most common form of partial epilepsy and is accompanied, in one third of cases, by resistance to antiepileptic drugs (AED). Most AED target neuronal activity modulated by ionic channels, and the steroid sensitivity of these channels has supported the use of corticosteroids as adjunctives to AED. Assuming the importance of astrocytes in neuronal activity, we investigated inflammatory and astroglial markers in the hippocampus, a key structure affected in TLE and in the Li-pilocarpine model of epilepsy...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
Hang-Soo Park, Hyosung Kwon, Jewon Yu, Yeonju Bae, Jae-Yong Park, Kyung-Ah Choi, Yeonho Choi, Sunghoi Hong
Direct conversion is a powerful approach to safely generate mature neural lineages with potential for treatment of neurological disorders. Astrocytes play a crucial role in neuronal homeostasis and their dysfunctions contribute to several neurodegenerative diseases. Using a single-cell approach for precision, we describe here a robust method using optimized DNA amounts for the direct conversion of mouse fibroblasts to astrocytes. Controlled amount of the reprogramming factors Oct4, Sox2, Klf4 and cMyc was directly delivered into a single fibroblast cell...
March 6, 2018: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Forough Mohammadzadeh, James N Tsoporis, Shehla Izhar, Jean-Francois Desjardins, Thomas G Parker
The calcium binding protein S100B has been implicated in diabetic neuronal and vascular complications but has not been examined in the development of diabetes. S100B knock out (S100B KO) and wild-type (WT) mice were injected with 40mg/kg body weight streptozotocin (STZ) for 5 days. Blood and pancreatic tissue samples were obtained to examine islet structure and function, the profile of glucose and insulin and expression of glucose transporter 2 (Glut2), S100B and its receptor, the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE)...
February 27, 2018: Experimental Cell Research
Gönül Çatlı, Ahmet Anık, Sezer Acar, Tuncay Küme, Melike Karabulut, Özlem Gürsoy Çalan, Bumin Nuri Dündar, Ayhan Abacı
AIM: To investigate serum levels of brain injury markers in diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and the relation of these markers with clinical and radiological findings of brain injury and laboratory results. METHODS: Twenty-nine patients with DKA, 30 with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), and 35 healthy children were included. Clinical and laboratory findings, and the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) were recorded. In the DKA group, Neuron-Specific Enolase (NSE), S100 calcium-binding protein B (S100B) and Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein (GFAP) levels were measured at baseline and 6 and 12 hours after treatment...
February 27, 2018: Pediatric Diabetes
An N Massaro, Yvonne W Wu, Theo K Bammler, Bryan Comstock, Amit Mathur, Robert C McKinstry, Taeun Chang, Dennis E Mayock, Sarah B Mulkey, Krisa Van Meurs, Sandra Juul
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate plasma brain specific proteins and cytokines as biomarkers of brain injury in newborns with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) and, secondarily, to assess the effect of erythropoietin (Epo) treatment on the relationship between biomarkers and outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: A study of candidate brain injury biomarkers was conducted in the context of a phase II multicenter randomized trial evaluating Epo for neuroprotection in HIE. Plasma was collected at baseline (<24 hours) and on day 5...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Monique Sieber, Jan Dreßler, Heike Franke, Dirk Pohlers, Benjamin Ondruschka
PURPOSE: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a very common entity that leads to numerous fatalities all over the world. Therefore, forensic pathologists are in desperate need of supplemental methodological tools for the diagnosis of TBI in everyday practice besides the standard autopsy. The present study determined post-mortem neuron specific enolase (NSE) and S100 calcium-binding protein B (S100B) levels as biological markers of an underlying TBI in autopsy cases. METHODS: Paired serum and CSF samples of 92 fatalities were collected throughout routine autopsies...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Sen Ye, Kejia Shi, Jiefeng Xu, Moli Wang, Chun-Jian Li
Previous studies have demonstrated that cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK8) induces hypothermia and inhibits the systemic inflammatory response in septic shock in rat and murine models. The present study aimed to ascertain whether CCK8 induced hypothermia and improved the neurological outcomes in a porcine model of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Ventricular fibrillation was induced and left untreated for 10 min in 12 male Bama miniature pigs. Defibrillation was attempted after 5 min of CPR. At 5 min following resuscitation, the pigs were randomized and equally assigned into the CCK8 or the control group...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Linnéa Lagerstedt, Juan José Egea-Guerrero, Ana Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Alejandro Bustamante, Joan Montaner, Amir El Rahal, Elisabeth Andereggen, Lara Rinaldi, Asita Sarrafzadeh, Karl Schaller, Jean-Charles Sanchez
Traumatic brain injury is a common event where 70%-90% will be classified as mild TBI (mTBI). Among these, only 10% will have a brain lesion visible via CT scan. A triage biomarker would help clinicians to identify patients with mTBI who are at risk of developing a brain lesion and require a CT scan. The brain cells damaged by the shearing, tearing and stretching of a TBI event set off inflammation cascades. These cause altered concentrations of a high number of both pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory proteins...
2018: PloS One
Md Imran Khan, Yu-Kai Su, Jinhao Zou, Lee-Wei Yang, Ruey-Hwang Chou, Chin Yu
Ca2+-binding human S100A1 protein is a type of S100 protein. S100A1 is a significant mediator during inflammation when Ca2+ binds to its EF-hand motifs. Receptors for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) correspond to 5 domains: the cytoplasmic, transmembrane, C2, C1, and V domains. The V domain of RAGE is one of the most important target proteins for S100A1. It binds to the hydrophobic surface and triggers signaling transduction cascades that induce cell growth, cell proliferation, and tumorigenesis. We used nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy to characterize the interaction between S100A1 and the RAGE V domain...
2018: PloS One
Ma-Jing Feng, Wei-Bin Ning, Wei Wang, Zhong-Hua Lv, Xin-Bing Liu, Yong Zhu, Wei Gao, Hong-Ze Jin, Shu-Shan Gao
BACKGROUND: S100A12 is related to acute brain injury and inflammation. We investigated the clinical prognostic value of serum S100A12 in patients with severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI). METHODS: Serum S100A12, S100B, C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) concentrations were measured in 102 healthy controls and 102 sTBI patients. We recorded 30-day mortality and in-hospital major adverse events (IMAEs) including acute lung injury, acute traumatic coagulopathy, progressive hemorrhagic injury and posttraumatic cerebral infarction...
January 31, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
María A Ballesteros, María I Rubio-Lopez, María San Martín, Ana Padilla, Marcos López-Hoyos, Javier Llorca, Eduardo Miñambres
AIMS/BACKGROUND: To evaluate the correlation between protein S100B concentrations measured in the jugular bulb as well as at peripheral level and the prognostic usefulness of this marker. METHODS: A prospective study of all patients admitted to the intensive care unit with acute brain damage was carried out. Peripheral and jugular bulb blood samples were collected upon admission and every 24h for three days. The endpoints were brain death diagnosis and the Glasgow Outcome Scale score after 6months...
February 15, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Hongwei Wang, Xin Sha, Sisen Zhang, Xianfa Jiao, Longxian Zhao, Yingxin Cen, Wei Song, Jing Li, Lixiang Wang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the predictive value of partial pressure of end-tidal carbon dioxide (PETCO2) on the effect of active abdominal compression-decompression cardiopulmonary resuscitation (AACD-CPR) and serum S100B protein on cerebral function. METHODS: 142 adult patients with in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) AACD-CPR in Zhengzhou People's Hospital, Affiliated Southern Medical University from September 2014 to December 2017 were enrolled. Patients were divided into successful group and failure group according to restoration of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) or not; and then according to Glasgow-Pittsburgh cerebral performance categories (CPC) one month after ROSC, the successful group was divided into good prognosis group (CPC 1-2) and poor prognosis group (CPC 3-5) further...
February 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
Songyun Deng, Yuhang Ai, Hua Gong, Qing Feng, Xiao Li, Caixia Chen, Zhiyong Liu, Yimin Wang, Qianyi Peng, Lina Zhang
Sepsis is one of the most common reasons for mortality in Intensive Care Units. As a common but severe neurological complication, sepsis associated encephalopathy (SAE) has always been ignored and there is no generally accepted treatment. In this study, we demonstrated that Mdivi-1 ameliorated brain damage assessed by Nissl staining. Furthermore, Mdivi-1 reduced TUNEL-positive cells in hippocampus, and inhibited S100 calcium binding protein B (S100B) and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) release into plasma. Biochemical analysis also showed that Mdivi-1 protected hippocampus from oxidative stresses...
January 26, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Ping Tang, Huijuan Guang, Ling Huang
The ability of recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) to protect preterm infants against perinatal intrauterine herpes virus infection-induced brain injury was studied. In total, 120 women infected with perinatal intrauterine herpes virus were randomized into four groups: A, B, C and D, and were given 1,500 IU (mother, pre-partum), 3,000 IU (mother, pre-partum), 250 IU/kg (infant, post-natal), and no rhEPO, respectively. Hemoglobin (Hb), reticulocyte (Ret), hematocrit (Hct), neuron specific enolase (NSE), myelin basic protein (MBP), and S100 protein B (S100B) levels were measured immediately (T0) and at 1 week (T1), 2 weeks (T2), and 4 weeks (T3) post-delivery...
January 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Jin-Hua Zhang, Jiang-Kun Li, Li-Li Ma, Ji-Yu Lou
OBJECTIVE: Ischemic stroke is the leading cause of worldwide mortality and long-term disability in adults. This study aims to explore the effects of RNA interference (RNAi)-mediated silencing of the S100B gene on nerve function recovery and morphological changes of hippocampus cells in rat models with ischemic stroke. METHODS: Sixty Wistar rats were assigned into different group. S100B and Caspase 3 mRNA and protein expressions were evaluated by RT-qPCR and Western blotting...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Haifeng Zhang, Yajun Lian, Nanchang Xie, Yake Zheng
Epilepsy is a common disease of the central nervous system. This study aims to investigate the role of mitochondrial Rho (Miro) 1 in epilepsy using a mouse model of pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus (SE). Intraperitoneal injection of pilocarpine induced epileptic seizure in mice and significantly decreased Miro 1 expression in the hippocampus. Moreover, pilocarpine treatment increased the serum levels of heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) and S100 calcium binding protein B (S100B), and led to hippocampal neuronal injury and apoptosis...
January 24, 2018: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Biochimie et Biologie Cellulaire
Juan José Egea-Guerrero, Ana Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Manuel Quintana-Díaz, María Dolores Freire-Aragón, Diego Raya-Collados, Conary Hernández-García, Álvaro Ortiz-Manzano, Ángel Vilches-Arenas, Ana Díez-Naz, Juan Miguel Guerrero, Francisco Murillo-Cabezas
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to validate the S100B protein as a diagnostic tool for ruling out the presence of intracranial lesion (IL) after mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). Subjects with a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score of 15 and at least one neurological symptom post-trauma were selected from a large Spanish cohort. METHODS: A number of 260 patients with mTBI were enrolled. Blood samples were extracted within 6 h and CT scan performed within 24 h post-injury...
January 22, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
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