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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144546/presence-of-infection-and-analysis-of-hpv-subtypes-in-girls-younger-than-9-years-old-attended-at-a-referral-service-in-esp%C3%A3-rito-santo-brazil
#1
Mariana Penha De Nadai Sartori, Lidiane Pignaton Agostini, Thaís Tristão Tovar, Raquel Silva Dos Reis, Raquel Spinassé Dettogni, Eldamária de Vargas Wolfgramm Dos Santos, Antônio Chambô Filho, Iúri Drumond Louro
PURPOSE: Human papillomavirus is found in adults and adolescents and is associated with genital warts and cervical cancer. However, it has been detected in girls younger than 10 years old. Currently, there are no prevention methods for this age group, since it is not considered a risk group. The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of infection and HPV subtype in girls under 9 years old attended at a referral service in the State of Espírito Santo, Brazil. METHODS: Forty-three girls younger than 9 years old had gynecological brush samples collected from vulval and perineal/anal regions...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057503/reply-to-correspondence-topical-ionic-contra-viral-therapy-comprised-of-digoxin-and-furosemide-as-a-potential-novel-treatment-approach-for-common-warts
#2
T van der Kolk, R Rissmann
We appreciate Dr Abdelmaksoud's thorough review of our manuscript (1) and would like to reply to the comments that were raised with this letter. First, it appears that the understanding is that the study describes the 'clinical response of common warts to a topical application of a fixed dose of 980 mg of the ICVT gel on the patients' lower back. It should be clarified that the main objective of this first-in-man study was evaluate the systemic exposure, safety and tolerability of ionic-contra-viral therapy (ICVT) (2)...
October 23, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055137/reply-to-topical-ionic-contra-viral-therapy-comprised-of-digoxin-and-furosemide-as-a-potential-novel-treatment-approach-for-common-warts
#3
Ayman Abdelmaksoud
I read with great interest a preliminary study on new treatment for common warts conducted by Kolk et al.(1) The authors studied, for the first time, the clinical response of common warts to topical application of a fixed dose of 980 mg topical gel containing 0.125% (w/w) digoxin and 0.125% (w/w) furosemide for 7 consecutive days on the patients' lower back. Basically, topical therapy for a common dermatosis is generally welcomed particularly if showed a higher degree of safety profile and less potential off-target adverse effects...
October 21, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980715/the-early-impact-of-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-on-anogenital-warts-in-qu%C3%A3-bec-canada
#4
Marc Steben, Najwa Ouhoummane, Caroline Rodier, Liliya Sinyavskaya, Paul Brassard
BACKGROUND: In Québec, Canada, a public school-based and catch-up HPV vaccination programs with the quadrivalent vaccine have been introduced in September 2008 for girls aged 9-17 years. We assessed the early impact of the HPV vaccination program on the incidence of anogenital warts (AGW) in the Quebec general population. METHODS: We used the provincial health administrative data of the Régie de l'assurance maladie du Québec (RAMQ). AGW were identified either through a prescription of podofilox, or a medical procedure code specific to AGW, or a diagnostic code for viral warts followed by a prescription of imiquimod or fluorouracil...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954520/topical-sandalwood-oil-for-common-warts
#5
Malika Haque, Daniel L Coury
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of sandalwood oil for cutaneous viral warts caused by human papillomavirus. Sandalwood oil was applied topically twice daily for 12 weeks to cutaneous warts on any area of the body. Data collected at each visit included measurement of wart size, photograph of the warts, and documentation of treatment compliance and any adverse reactions. Ten subjects were enrolled and received treatment. At the end of the study, 8 of 10 (80%) had complete resolution of all treated warts...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947407/skin-diseases-of-the-male-external-genitalia-in-the-tanlangai-hospital-in-brazzaville-congo
#6
E S Bayonne Kombo, A Gathse, R B Soussa, A W S Odzebe
To determine the frequency of diseases responsible for skin lesions of the male external genitalia. This descriptive retrospective study examined the medical records of patients older than 14 years treated for genital symptoms as outpatients at the Dermatology Department of Talangaï Hospital in Brazzaville in 2009-2011. Patients' sociodemographic, medical history, clinical, and laboratory data were collected on a standardized individual form. The data were processed with Epi Info 3.5.4 software. The records revealed 76 dermatoses of the male external genitalia treated in the three-year study period...
August 1, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941263/epidermodysplasia-verruciformis-three-case-reports-and-a-brief-review
#7
Sharma Shruti, Fouzia Siraj, Avninder Singh, V Ramesh
Epidermodyplasia verruciformis (EV) is a rare heritable disease that is characterized by an increased susceptibility to infection with specific human papillomavirus (HPV) types due to a defect in cell-mediated immune response to HPV infection. Widespread infection with HPV is responsible for the development of wart-like lesions and pityriasis versicolor-like spots. These individuals have a lifelong risk of developing cutaneous malignancies, especially Bowen's disease and squamous cell carcinoma, mainly in sun-exposed parts...
September 2017: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871935/topical-imiquimod-is-an-effective-and-safe-drug-for-molluscum-contagiosum-in-children
#8
George Badavanis, Efstathia Pasmatzi, Alexandra Monastirli, Sophia Georgiou, Dionysios Tsambaos
Dear Editor, Molluscum contagiosum (MC) is a very common skin infection caused by a molluscipox virus gene of the poxvirus family. It usually occurs in young children, sexually active adults, and immunocompromised individuals. The typical clinical picture of this infection is characterized by asymptomatic flesh-colored, single or multiple papules, measuring 2-6 mm in diameter with a central umbilication that occur on the skin and the mucous membranes. In adults, the skin lesions are predominantly located in the genital region, whereas in children they are found on the trunk, the extremities, and the face...
July 2017: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871932/a-12-year-old-girl-with-severe-plaque-psoriasis-and-down-syndrome-treated-successfully-with-etanercept
#9
Michał Adamczyk, Małgorzata Michalska-Jakubus, Dorota Krasowska
The association between Down syndrome and psoriasis is unclear. Immunological abnormalities that present in individuals with Down syndrome result in mild immune debilitation, thus the risk of infectious complications during immunosuppressive therapy might be higher in this group of patients. We present a case of 12-year-old girl with severe plaque psoriasis and Down syndrome, who was initially treated with cyclosporine with good response. However, the drug was withdrawn due to massive viral warts development and loss of efficacy...
July 2017: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867768/keratinocyte-differentiation-dependent-human-papillomavirus-gene-regulation
#10
REVIEW
Sheila V Graham
Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) cause diseases ranging from benign warts to invasive cancers. HPVs infect epithelial cells and their replication cycle is tightly linked with the differentiation process of the infected keratinocyte. The normal replication cycle involves an early and a late phase. The early phase encompasses viral entry and initial genome replication, stimulation of cell division and inhibition of apoptosis in the infected cell. Late events in the HPV life cycle include viral genome amplification, virion formation, and release into the environment from the surface of the epithelium...
August 30, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833595/topical-ionic-contra-viral-therapy-comprised-of-digoxin-and-furosemide-as-a-potential-novel-treatment-approach-for-common-warts
#11
T van der Kolk, M R Dillingh, R Rijneveld, E S Klaassen, M N C de Koning, S T P Kouwenhoven, R E Genders, J N Bouwes Bavinck, G Feiss, R Rissmann, J Burggraaf
BACKGROUND: DNA viruses such as HPV rely on K(+) influx for replication. Both digoxin and furosemide inhibit the K(+) influx by interacting with cell membrane ion co-transporters (Na(+) /K(+) -ATPase and Na(+) -K(+) -2Cl(-) co-transporter-1, respectively). We therefore hypothesized that these two compounds in a topical formulation may be valuable in the treatment of HPV-induced warts. This new approach is called Ionic Contra-Viral Therapy (ICVT). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate systemic exposure, safety and tolerability of ICVT with a combination of furosemide and digoxin after repeated topical application in subjects with common warts...
August 17, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798073/the-human-papillomavirus-replication-cycle-and-its-links-to-cancer-progression-a-comprehensive-review
#12
REVIEW
Sheila V Graham
HPVs (human papillomaviruses) infect epithelial cells and their replication cycle is intimately linked to epithelial differentiation. There are over 200 different HPV genotypes identified to date and each displays a strict tissue specificity for infection. HPV infection can result in a range of benign lesions, for example verrucas on the feet, common warts on the hands, or genital warts. HPV infects dividing basal epithelial cells where its dsDNA episomal genome enters the nuclei. Upon basal cell division, an infected daughter cell begins the process of keratinocyte differentiation that triggers a tightly orchestrated pattern of viral gene expression to accomplish a productive infection...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761264/a-case-report-of-verruca-vulgaris-on-basis-of-alopecia-areata-successfully-treated-with-diphenylcyclopropenone
#13
Tugba Kevser Uzuncakmak, Mahmut Can Koska, Ayşe Serap Karadağ, Necmettin Akdeniz
Alopecia areata is an autoimmune skin disease which is usually characterized by patchy hair loss in effected regions. Diagnosis usually based on clinical findings and main treatment options include topical, intralesional, systemic corticosteroids, and topical immunotherapy. Verruca vulgaris is an infectious disease caused by human papillomavirus which is usually characterized by well-marginated hyperkeratotic papules or plaques. There are several treatment modalities such as physical and chemical destruction and topical immunotherapy...
January 2017: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736973/plasmacytoid-dendritic-cells-and-type-i-interferon-in-the-immunological-response-against-warts
#14
D Saadeh, M Kurban, O Abbas
BACKGROUND: Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) are the most potent producers of type I interferons (IFNs), and are involved in the pathogenesis of several cutaneous infectious (especially viral), inflammatory/autoimmune and neoplastic entities. Their role in the pathogenesis and regression of human papilloma virus (HPV)-induced skin lesions has not been well studied. AIM: To investigate pDC occurrence and activity in HPV-induced skin lesions, including inflamed and uninflamed warts as well as epidermodysplasia verruciformis (EDV)-associated lesions...
July 24, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736591/immune-modulation-and-treatment-of-human-papilloma-virus-related-warts-with-energetics-of-living-systems-acupuncture
#15
Rom Brustin, Martine Toledano, Tal Geffen, Raia Goona, Malka Hochberg, Bilha Kreisberg, Sari Murad, Jacob Pitcovski
Background: Cutaneous warts are small skin lesions formed as a result of infection by the human papilloma virus (HPV). In the lesion, viral manipulation creates a microenvironment that favors virus survival and reproduction. Most lesions eventually regress, probably as a result of a Th1-mediated immune response. However, some warts fail to regress and become persistent. Objective: The efficacy of treatment of persistent HPV-caused warts with Energetics of Living Systems acupuncture and monitored immune system involvement was tested...
June 1, 2017: Medical Acupuncture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647616/photodynamic-therapy-in-dermatology-beyond-non-melanoma-cancer-an-update
#16
REVIEW
Xiang Wen, Yong Li, Michael R Hamblin
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) employs a photosensitizer (PS) and visible light in the presence of oxygen, leading to production of cytotoxic reactive oxygen species, which can damage the cellular organelles and cause cell death. In dermatology, PDT has usually taken the form of topical application of a precursor in the heme biosynthesis pathway, called 5-aminolevulinic acid (or its methyl ester), so that an active PS, protoporphyrin IX accumulates in the skin. As PDT enhances dermal remodeling and resolves chronic inflamation, it has been used to treat cutaneous disorders include actinic keratoses, acne, viral warts, skin rejuvenation, psoriasis, localized scleroderma, some non-melanoma skin cancers and port-wine stains...
September 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639061/oral-and-oropharyngeal-papillomas-are-not-associated-with-high-risk-human-papillomavirus-infection
#17
Miroslaw Snietura, Roman Lamch, Agnieszka Kopec, Dariusz Waniczek, Wirginia Likus, Dariusz Lange, Jaroslaw Markowski
The role of different types of human papillomavirus (HPV) in the development of oral and oropharyngeal papillomas remains unclear. High-risk HPV (HR-HPV) was shown to be involved in the pathogenesis of significant proportion of squamous cell carcinomas of the oropharynx. In this study, we hypothesized that in some oropharyngeal papillomas, low-risk HPV (LR-HPV) and HR-HPV infection could co-exist, similar to what is observed in genital warts, and thus contribute to the elevated risk of malignancy. To test this hypothesis, we used real-time PCR to assess the presence of HPV DNA of 16 types (2 LR-HPV and 14 HR-HPV), in 75 formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded histopathological samples of oral and oropharyngeal papillomas and in 57 squamous cell carcinomas from the same regions...
June 21, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592299/real-versus-sham-proximal-biofield-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-warts-of-the-hands-and-feet-in-adults-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-magnetik-study
#18
Cathy Gaillard, Laure Allain, Hélène Legros, Sylvie Brucato, Yohann Desgue, Christophe Rouillon, Laure Peyro-Saint-Paul, Anne Dompmartin
BACKGROUND: Despite the lack of scientific studies on biofield therapies, they are widely acclaimed by patients. The mechanisms of action are not explained by current allopathic medical approaches. Warts are common and contagious viral lesions that may be refractory to standard dermatologic treatments such as cryotherapy, laser therapy, and keratolytic ointments. Biofield therapies are efficient in various pathologies. Their ability to treat warts has never been demonstrated in a scientific study with a robust methodology...
June 7, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570919/calcein-represses-human-papillomavirus-16-e1-e2-mediated-dna-replication-via-blocking-their-binding-to-the-viral-origin-of-replication
#19
Dipon Das, Nathan W Smith, Xu Wang, Stacie L Richardson, Matthew C T Hartman, Iain M Morgan
Human papillomaviruses are causative agents in several human diseases ranging from genital warts to ano-genital and oropharyngeal cancers. Currently only symptoms of HPV induced disease are treated; there are no antivirals available that directly target the viral life cycle. Previously, we determined that the cellular protein TopBP1 interacts with the HPV16 replication/transcription factor E2. This E2-TopBP1 interaction is essential for optimal E1-E2 DNA replication and for the viral life cycle. The drug calcein disrupts the interaction of TopBP1 with itself and other host proteins to promote cell death...
August 2017: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566057/sinecatechins-and-imiquimod-as-proactive-sequential-therapy-of-external-genital-and-perianal-warts-in-adults
#20
Helmut Schöfer, Silvio Tatti, Charles W Lynde, Mihael Skerlev, Jana Hercogová, Maria Rotaru, Juan Ballesteros, Piergiacomo Calzavara-Pinton
This review about the proactive sequential therapy (PST) of external genital and perianal warts (EGW) is based on the most current available clinical literature and on the broad clinical experience of a group of international experts, physicians who are well versed in the treatment of human papillomavirus-associated diseases. It provides a practical guide for the treatment of EGW, including epidemiology, etiology, clinical appearance, and diagnostic procedures for these viral infections. Furthermore, the treatment goals and current treatment options, elucidating provider- and patient-applied therapies, and the parameters driving treatment decisions are summarized...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
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