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osteomyelitis foot

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633790/ochrobactrum-anthropi-caused-osteomyelitis-in-the-foot-mimicking-a%C3%A2-bone-tumor-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
Roy Gigi, Gideon Flusser, Assaf Kadar, Moshe Salai, Shlomo Elias
Osteomyelitis due to Ochrobactrum anthropi, a new genus Ochrobacterum widely distributed in the environment and occasionally associated with human infection, has been described in only a few case reports. We present a report of an unusual case of osteomyelitis caused by O. anthropi that was identified 9 years after a nail puncture to the lateral cuneiform bone. The patient was an 18-year-old male with a painful foot lesion that had originally been misdiagnosed as an osteolytic tumor. He underwent surgery and 2 firm pieces of rubber measuring 7 and 10 mm were removed from the lower portion of the lateral cuneiform bone, which appeared to be affected by an infection...
July 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604551/the-periosteal-medial-femoral-condyle-free-flap-a-new-option-for-soft-tissue-reconstruction-of-the-distal-lower-extremity
#2
Noah H Saad, Matthew E Pontell, Brian S Winters, Joseph Daniel, Adam Saad
BACKGROUND: Small (<30 cm) soft tissue defects of the distal leg, foot, and ankle pose a complicated issue with regard to wound healing. Multiple flaps have been proposed for reconstruction of these wounds with varying levels of success. The medial femoral condyle flap is a free bone flap supplied by the descending geniculate artery. It is currently used in the treatment of fracture nonunion, infected bone defects, avascular necrosis, and osteoradionecrosis. This study proposes the use of the periosteal portion of the medial femoral condyle (PMFC) flap for soft tissue reconstruction of the distal leg, foot, and ankle...
June 9, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576196/management-of-osteomyelitis-and-bone-loss-in-the-diabetic-charcot-foot-and-ankle
#3
REVIEW
Daniel J Short, Thomas Zgonis
Bone loss and destruction due to diabetic Charcot neuroarthropathy (CN) and osteomyelitis of the foot and ankle is a challenging clinical condition when lower extremity preservation is considered. Resection and excision of osteomyelitis and associated nonviable soft tissue can lead into large osseous and soft tissue defects that will most likely need the utilization of bone grafting and subsequent arthrodesis for stability and anatomic alignment. In the diabetic population with peripheral neuropathy, osseous instability can lead to subsequent lower extremity deformity, ulceration, infection and/or amputation...
July 2017: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560172/a-case-of-osteomyelitis-of-the-toe-caused-by-coccidioidomycosis-in-a-17-year-old-with-diabetes-insipidus
#4
Ahmer Khalid, Daniel J Boken, Christine A Nelson, Vicken Y Totten
We report a case of a 17-year-old male who presented with pain in his right first toe. His pain and swelling had worsened and x-rays of his foot revealed erosive changes of the great toe distal phalanx suggesting possible osteomyelitis. His co-morbidities were morbid obesity and diabetes insipidus. He was admitted to the hospital, blood cultures were drawn, and he was started on vancomycin for presumed bacterial osteomyelitis. He underwent incision and drainage of the fluctuant abscess of the toe, where a culture of the wound was taken...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547674/diagnostic-accuracy-of-various-modalities-relative-to-open-bone-biopsy-for-detection-of-long-bone-posttraumatic-osteomyelitis
#5
Vivek Chadayammuri, Benoit Herbert, Jiandong Hao, Andreas Mavrogenis, Juan C Quispe, Ji Wan Kim, Heather Young, Mark Hake, Cyril Mauffrey
BACKGROUND: Long bone posttraumatic osteomyelitis (PTOM) is a relatively common complication following surgical fixation of open fractures. There is a lacking consensus on ideal strategies for diagnostic evaluation of long bone PTOM. While open bone biopsy and culture is considered the 'gold diagnostic standard,' its cost and invasiveness are often prohibitive and have prompted the search for alternate diagnostic methods. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of various diagnostic modalities relative to open bone biopsy and culture for the detection of long bone PTOM...
May 25, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497940/evaluation-of-diabetic-foot-infection-in-nuclear-medicine
#6
Sherif Heiba, Karin Knešaurek
Diabetic foot infection is not only the most common cause of hospitalization among diabetic patients, but is also associated with high morbidity, mortality and major utilization of the resources. Managing diabetic patients with suspected foot infection is highly dependent on an early and accurate determination of its presence and location. Medical imaging is often used in the workup of these patients, as clinical diagnosis of osteomyelitis is often difficult, and invasive bone biopsy is infrequently used due to many limitations...
May 12, 2017: Quarterly Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497161/outcomes-in-diabetic-foot-ulcer-patients-with-isolated-t2-marrow-signal-abnormality-in-the-underlying-bone-should-the-diagnosis-of-osteitis-be-changed-to-early-osteomyelitis
#7
Dennis Duryea, Stephanie Bernard, Donald Flemming, Eric Walker, Cristy French
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the variability of clinical treatment and outcomes based on reporting of diabetic foot ulcer MRI findings of adjacent marrow T2 hyperintensity with normal T1 signal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of 46 MRI examinations evaluating diabetic foot ulcers that demonstrated normal T1 marrow signal, but T2 marrow hyperintensity deep to the ulcer. The cohort was divided based on MRI report impressions into three groups; "osteitis without osteomyelitis" (OW), "osteitis but cannot exclude early osteomyelitis" (OCEO) and "early osteomyelitis" (EO)...
May 11, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480283/using-nuclear-medicine-imaging-wisely-in-diagnosing-infectious-diseases
#8
REVIEW
Andrea Censullo, Tara Vijayan
In recent years, there has been an increasing emphasis on efficient and accurate diagnostic testing, exemplified by the American Board of Internal Medicine's "Choosing Wisely" campaign. Nuclear imaging studies can provide early and accurate diagnoses of many infectious disease syndromes, particularly in complex cases where the differential remains broad. This review paper offers clinicians a rational, evidence-based guide to approaching nuclear medicine tests, using an example case of methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) bacteremia in a patient with multiple potential sources...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473089/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-suspected-osteomyelitis-septic-arthritis-or-soft-tissue-infection-excluding-spine-and-diabetic-foot
#9
Francesca D Beaman, Paul F von Herrmann, Mark J Kransdorf, Ronald S Adler, Behrang Amini, Marc Appel, Erin Arnold, Stephanie A Bernard, Bennett S Greenspan, Kenneth S Lee, Michael J Tuite, Eric A Walker, Robert J Ward, Daniel E Wessell, Barbara N Weissman
Infection of the musculoskeletal system is a common clinical problem. Differentiating soft tissue from osseous infection often determines the appropriate clinical therapeutic course. Radiographs are the recommend initial imaging examination, and although often not diagnostic in acute osteomyelitis, can provide anatomic evaluation and alternative diagnoses influencing subsequent imaging selection and interpretation. MRI with contrast is the examination of choice for the evaluation of suspected osteomyelitis, and MRI, CT, and ultrasound can all be useful in the diagnosis of soft tissue infection...
May 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465790/osteomyelitis-in-diabetic-foot-a-comprehensive-overview
#10
REVIEW
Laura Giurato, Marco Meloni, Valentina Izzo, Luigi Uccioli
Foot infection is a well recognized risk factor for major amputation in diabetic patients. The osteomyelitis is one of the most common expression of diabetic foot infection, being present approximately in present in 10%-15% of moderate and in 50% of severe infectious process. An early and accurate diagnosis is required to ensure a targeted treatment and reduce the risk of major amputation. The aim of this review is to report a complete overview about the management of diabetic foot osteomyelitis. Epidemiology, clinical aspects, diagnosis and treatment are widely described according to scientific reccomendations and our experience...
April 15, 2017: World Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440774/diagnostic-and-therapeutic-update-on-diabetic-foot-osteomyelitis
#11
José Luis Lázaro-Martínez, Aroa Tardáguila-García, José Luis García-Klepzig
Diabetic foot osteomyelitis (DFO) is the most common infection associated to diabetic foot ulcers (DFU). This review is designed to provide an update on the diagnosis and treatment of DFO based on an analysis of MEDLINE through PubMed using as search criterion "Diabetic Foot Osteomyelitis". Authors have included in this review the most relevant manuscripts regarding diagnosis and treatment of DFO. After review and critical analysis of publications, it may be concluded that diagnosis of DFO is not simple because of its heterogeneous presentation...
February 2017: Endocrinología, diabetes y nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406331/treatment-options-for-diabetic-foot-osteomyelitis
#12
Eric Senneville, Olivier Robineau
Diabetic foot osteomyelitis therapeutical options are based on antibiotic therapy and surgical resection of the infected bone(s). Surgical and medical approaches of patients suffering from a diabetic foot osteomyelitis do not oppose but are complementary and need to be discussed as a tailored manner. Areas covered: The aim of the present article is to discuss data issued from the most recent guidelines of the Infectious Diseases Society of America and the International Working Group on the Diabetic Foot on the management of the diabetic foot infection and from a search in the current literature using the terms diabetic foot osteomyelitis and treatment/therapy/therapeutical in both PubMed and Medline, restricted to the last five years...
June 2017: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363050/intravenous-regional-antibiotic-perfusion-therapy-as-an-adjunctive-treatment-for-digital-lesions-in-seabirds
#13
Christine V Fiorello
Foot infections are a common problem among seabirds in wildlife rehabilitation. Pododermatitis and digital infections are often challenging to treat because of the presence of suboptimal substrates, abnormal weight-bearing due to injuries, and suboptimal nutritional or health status. Seabirds represent the majority of animals requiring rehabilitation after oil spills, and foot problems are a common reason for euthanasia among these birds. Antibiotic intravenous regional perfusion therapy is frequently used in humans and other species to treat infections of the distal extremities, but it has not been evaluated in seabirds...
March 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348754/actinobacillus-hominis-osteomyelitis-first-reported-case-in-the-english-language-medical-literature
#14
Gavin O'Neill, Andrew Ker, Aslam Mohammed, Anne Marie Karcher
INTRODUCTION: Actinobacillus hominis is currently a rarely reported pathogen. It has previously been associated with respiratory tract infections and bacteraemia in debilitated patients. However, under-reporting may occur due to misidentification by commonly used laboratory bacterial identification systems. This case is, to the best of our knowledge, the first reported case of A. hominis osteomyelitis in the English language medical literature. CASE PRESENTATION: A 37-year-old male presented with a painful foot...
June 2016: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343329/stress-fractures-of-the-foot-and-ankle-part-2-site-specific-etiology-imaging-and-treatment-and-differential-diagnosis
#15
Jacob C Mandell, Bharti Khurana, Stacy E Smith
Stress fractures of the foot and ankle are a commonly encountered problem among athletes and individuals participating in a wide range of activities. This illustrated review, the second of two parts, discusses site-specific etiological factors, imaging appearances, treatment options, and differential considerations of stress fractures of the foot and ankle. The imaging and clinical management of stress fractures of the foot and ankle are highly dependent on the specific location of the fracture, mechanical forces acting upon the injured site, vascular supply of the injured bone, and the proportion of trabecular to cortical bone at the site of injury...
March 25, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341493/procalcitonin-as-a-biomarker-for-predicting-amputation-level-in-lower-extremity-infections
#16
Matthew M Reiner, Wissam E Khoury, Michael B Canales, Richard A Chmielewski, Kartick Patel, Mark C Razzante, Coleman O Cloughtery, Douglas Y Rowland
Inflammatory markers are essential tools in the decision-making process for lower extremity infections. When coupled with objective findings, clinicians can more accurately diagnose and treat these entities. Typically, markers such as the white blood cell count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and C-reactive protein are used to initially assess these patients or monitor the progression of medical or surgical therapy. Procalcitonin is a newer inflammatory marker that is specific for an infectious process. Originally, procalcitonin was used to monitor antibiotic therapy and sepsis for patients in the intensive care setting, but it has now been expanded to other facets of medicine...
May 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336046/charcot-arthropathy-versus-osteomyelitis-evaluation-and-management
#17
REVIEW
John Womack
Charcot arthropathy of the foot and ankle is a severe complication of peripheral neuropathy and is most commonly seen in the developed world in association with diabetes mellitus. Correct diagnosis and differentiation from osteomyelitis of the foot and ankle are critical to guide treatment. It can exist concomitantly with osteomyelitis, typically in the setting of an advanced midfoot ulcer. Simple plain radiographs and contrasted MRI studies often yield inconclusive or confusing data. Correct use of imaging studies and a clinical algorithm can be effective tools to help make accurate and early diagnoses and guide clinical interventions for these conditions...
April 2017: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326157/partial-calcanectomy-and-ilizarov-external-fixation-may-reduce-amputation-need-in-severe-diabetic-calcaneal-ulcers
#18
Mehmet Orçun Akkurt, Ismail Demirkale, Ali Öznur
Objective: The treatment of diabetic hindfoot ulcers is a challenging problem. In addition to serial surgical debridements, hyperbaric oxygen therapy and local wound care play important roles in the surgeon's armamentarium, for both superficial infection and gangrene of the soft tissue, often complicated by osteomyelitis of the calcaneus. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of an aggressive approach from diagnosis to treatment of calcaneal osteomyelitis in foot-threatening diabetic calcaneal ulcers...
2017: Diabetic Foot & Ankle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320508/staged-minimally-invasive-plate-osteosynthesis-of-proximal-tibial-fractures-with-acute-compartment-syndrome
#19
Joon-Woo Kim, Chang-Wug Oh, Jong-Keon Oh, Hee-Soo Kyung, Kyeong-Hyeon Park, Hee-June Kim, Jae-Wook Jung, Young-Soo Jung
PURPOSE: High-energy proximal tibial fractures often accompany compartment syndrome and are usually treated by fasciotomy with external fixation followed by secondary plating. However, the initial soft tissue injury may affect bony union, the fasciotomy incision or external fixator pin sites may lead to postoperative wound infections, and the staged procedure itself may adversely affect lower limb function. We assess the results of staged minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) for proximal tibial fractures with acute compartment syndrome...
March 11, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286632/can-ratio-of-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-count-and-erythrocyte-sedimentation-rate-in-diabetic-foot-infecti-on-predict-osteomyelitis-and-or-amputation
#20
Oktay Yapıcı, Hande Berk, Nefise Öztoprak, Derya Seyman, Alper Tahmaz, Alparslan Merdin
The aim of this study was to search for any relations between the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and the development of osteomyelitis and the need for amputation in patients with diabetic foot infection (DFI). All data included DFI patients who were hospitalized in our Infectious Diseases Clinic between 2012 and 2015 and who were classified according to International Classification Disease Code System. 75 patients were analyzed in the study. The DFI patients were stratified into 3 groups of whom had amputation procedure, whom had only debridement/drainage procedure and whom had any surgery procedure...
February 23, 2017: Hematology Reports
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