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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440774/diagnostic-and-therapeutic-update-on-diabetic-foot-osteomyelitis
#1
José Luis Lázaro-Martínez, Aroa Tardáguila-García, José Luis García-Klepzig
Diabetic foot osteomyelitis (DFO) is the most common infection associated to diabetic foot ulcers (DFU). This review is designed to provide an update on the diagnosis and treatment of DFO based on an analysis of MEDLINE through PubMed using as search criterion "Diabetic Foot Osteomyelitis". Authors have included in this review the most relevant manuscripts regarding diagnosis and treatment of DFO. After review and critical analysis of publications, it may be concluded that diagnosis of DFO is not simple because of its heterogeneous presentation...
February 2017: Endocrinol Diabetes Nutr
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406331/treatment-options-for-diabetic-foot-osteomyelitis
#2
Eric Senneville, Olivier Robineau
Diabetic foot osteomyelitis therapeutical options are based on antibiotic therapy and surgical resection of the infected bone(s). Surgical and medical approaches of patients suffering from a diabetic foot osteomyelitis do not oppose but are complementary and need to be discussed as a tailored manner. Areas covered: The aim of the present article is to discuss data issued from the most recent guidelines of the Infectious Diseases Society of America and the International Working Group on the Diabetic Foot on the management of the diabetic foot infection and from a search in the current literature using the terms diabetic foot osteomyelitis and treatment/therapy/therapeutical in both PubMed and Medline, restricted to the last five years...
April 13, 2017: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363050/intravenous-regional-antibiotic-perfusion-therapy-as-an-adjunctive-treatment-for-digital-lesions-in-seabirds
#3
Christine V Fiorello
Foot infections are a common problem among seabirds in wildlife rehabilitation. Pododermatitis and digital infections are often challenging to treat because of the presence of suboptimal substrates, abnormal weight-bearing due to injuries, and suboptimal nutritional or health status. Seabirds represent the majority of animals requiring rehabilitation after oil spills, and foot problems are a common reason for euthanasia among these birds. Antibiotic intravenous regional perfusion therapy is frequently used in humans and other species to treat infections of the distal extremities, but it has not been evaluated in seabirds...
March 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348754/actinobacillus-hominis-osteomyelitis-first-reported-case-in-the-english-language-medical-literature
#4
Gavin O'Neill, Andrew Ker, Aslam Mohammed, Anne Marie Karcher
INTRODUCTION: Actinobacillus hominis is currently a rarely reported pathogen. It has previously been associated with respiratory tract infections and bacteraemia in debilitated patients. However, under-reporting may occur due to misidentification by commonly used laboratory bacterial identification systems. This case is, to the best of our knowledge, the first reported case of A. hominis osteomyelitis in the English language medical literature. CASE PRESENTATION: A 37-year-old male presented with a painful foot...
June 2016: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343329/stress-fractures-of-the-foot-and-ankle-part-2-site-specific-etiology-imaging-and-treatment-and-differential-diagnosis
#5
Jacob C Mandell, Bharti Khurana, Stacy E Smith
Stress fractures of the foot and ankle are a commonly encountered problem among athletes and individuals participating in a wide range of activities. This illustrated review, the second of two parts, discusses site-specific etiological factors, imaging appearances, treatment options, and differential considerations of stress fractures of the foot and ankle. The imaging and clinical management of stress fractures of the foot and ankle are highly dependent on the specific location of the fracture, mechanical forces acting upon the injured site, vascular supply of the injured bone, and the proportion of trabecular to cortical bone at the site of injury...
March 25, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341493/procalcitonin-as-a-biomarker-for-predicting-amputation-level-in-lower-extremity-infections
#6
Matthew M Reiner, Wissam E Khoury, Michael B Canales, Richard A Chmielewski, Kartick Patel, Mark C Razzante, Coleman O Cloughtery, Douglas Y Rowland
Inflammatory markers are essential tools in the decision-making process for lower extremity infections. When coupled with objective findings, clinicians can more accurately diagnose and treat these entities. Typically, markers such as the white blood cell count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and C-reactive protein are used to initially assess these patients or monitor the progression of medical or surgical therapy. Procalcitonin is a newer inflammatory marker that is specific for an infectious process. Originally, procalcitonin was used to monitor antibiotic therapy and sepsis for patients in the intensive care setting, but it has now been expanded to other facets of medicine...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336046/charcot-arthropathy-versus-osteomyelitis-evaluation-and-management
#7
REVIEW
John Womack
Charcot arthropathy of the foot and ankle is a severe complication of peripheral neuropathy and is most commonly seen in the developed world in association with diabetes mellitus. Correct diagnosis and differentiation from osteomyelitis of the foot and ankle are critical to guide treatment. It can exist concomitantly with osteomyelitis, typically in the setting of an advanced midfoot ulcer. Simple plain radiographs and contrasted MRI studies often yield inconclusive or confusing data. Correct use of imaging studies and a clinical algorithm can be effective tools to help make accurate and early diagnoses and guide clinical interventions for these conditions...
April 2017: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326157/partial-calcanectomy-and-ilizarov-external-fixation-may-reduce-amputation-need-in-severe-diabetic-calcaneal-ulcers
#8
Mehmet Orçun Akkurt, Ismail Demirkale, Ali Öznur
Objective: The treatment of diabetic hindfoot ulcers is a challenging problem. In addition to serial surgical debridements, hyperbaric oxygen therapy and local wound care play important roles in the surgeon's armamentarium, for both superficial infection and gangrene of the soft tissue, often complicated by osteomyelitis of the calcaneus. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of an aggressive approach from diagnosis to treatment of calcaneal osteomyelitis in foot-threatening diabetic calcaneal ulcers...
2017: Diabetic Foot & Ankle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320508/staged-minimally-invasive-plate-osteosynthesis-of-proximal-tibial-fractures-with-acute-compartment-syndrome
#9
Joon-Woo Kim, Chang-Wug Oh, Jong-Keon Oh, Hee-Soo Kyung, Kyeong-Hyeon Park, Hee-June Kim, Jae-Wook Jung, Young-Soo Jung
PURPOSE: High-energy proximal tibial fractures often accompany compartment syndrome and are usually treated by fasciotomy with external fixation followed by secondary plating. However, the initial soft tissue injury may affect bony union, the fasciotomy incision or external fixator pin sites may lead to postoperative wound infections, and the staged procedure itself may adversely affect lower limb function. We assess the results of staged minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) for proximal tibial fractures with acute compartment syndrome...
March 11, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286632/can-ratio-of-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-count-and-erythrocyte-sedimentation-rate-in-diabetic-foot-infecti-on-predict-osteomyelitis-and-or-amputation
#10
Oktay Yapıcı, Hande Berk, Nefise Öztoprak, Derya Seyman, Alper Tahmaz, Alparslan Merdin
The aim of this study was to search for any relations between the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and the development of osteomyelitis and the need for amputation in patients with diabetic foot infection (DFI). All data included DFI patients who were hospitalized in our Infectious Diseases Clinic between 2012 and 2015 and who were classified according to International Classification Disease Code System. 75 patients were analyzed in the study. The DFI patients were stratified into 3 groups of whom had amputation procedure, whom had only debridement/drainage procedure and whom had any surgery procedure...
February 23, 2017: Hematology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277993/maggot-therapy-for-wound-care-in-iran-a-case-series-of-the-first-28-patients
#11
A Mirabzadeh, M J Ladani, B Imani, S A B Rosen, R A Sherman
OBJECTIVE: The need for improved wound care is receiving considerable attention in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Beginning in 2003, maggot therapy (MT) became part of Iran's effort to advance its wound care technology. The first cohort of patients treated with MT was analysed to evaluate the use of this treatment. METHOD: Patients treated with MT at three hospitals in Tehran were analysed retrospectively. Primary outcomes were time to wound debridement and time to wound healing...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272015/evidence-corner-diagnosing-diabetic-foot-osteomyelitis
#12
Laura Bolton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267543/diagnostic-performance-of-diffusion-weighted-mr-imaging-in-differentiation-of-diabetic-osteoarthropathy-and-osteomyelitis-in-diabetic-foot
#13
Ahmed Abdel Khalek Abdel Razek, Sieza Samir
PURPOSE: To study the diagnostic performance of diffusion weighted MR imaging in differentiation of diabetic osteoarthropathy and osteomyelitis in diabetic foot. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective study was carried out on 41 patients with diabetic foot, 22 males and 19 females with mean age of 51 years. They underwent diffusion-weighted MR imaging of the foot. The apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values of the bony lesions were calculated by two reviewers and correlated with the surgical findings or biopsy...
April 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255387/reverse-sural-flap-for-ankle-and-heel-soft-tissues-reconstruction
#14
R N Ciofu, D G Zamfirescu, S A Popescu, I Lascar
Introduction: The potential of the medial calf integument, as donor site for a free flap based on musculocutaneous branches of the medial sural artery, was first identified by Taylor and Daniel, following cadaver investigation. In 1981, Pontén described the fasciocutaneous sural flap as a reconstructive option for soft tissue loss of the lower extremity, particularly around the knee. Two years later, Donski and Fogdestram presented the distally based fasciocutaneous flap from the sural region followed by Montegut and Allen who considered the sural artery perforator flap as a viable alternative for the gastrocnemius myocutaneous flap...
January 2017: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194322/sural-artery-perforator-flap-with-posterior-tibial-neurovascular-decompression-for-recurrent-foot-ulcer-in-leprosy-patients
#15
Hossam El-Din Ali Ismail, Mohamed Hassan El Fahar
Introduction: The sensory loss and alteration of the shape of the foot make the foot liable to trauma and pressure, and subsequently cause more callus formation, blisters, and ulcers. Foot ulcers usually are liable to secondary infection as cellulitis or osteomyelitis, and may result in amputations. Foot ulcers are a major problem and a major cause of handicaps in leprosy patients. The current study is to present our clinical experience and evaluate the use of sural flap with posterior tibial neurovascular decompression (PTND) in recurrent foot ulcers in leprosy patients...
2017: GMS Interdisciplinary Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery DGPW
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126375/reconstruction-of-heel-soft-tissue-defects-using-medial-plantar-artery-island-pedicle-flap-clinical-experience-and-outcomes-analysis
#16
Jia-Xiang Gu, An-Shi Huan, Nai-Chen Zhang, Hong-Jun Liu, Shi-Cong Xia, Subhash Regmi, Lin Yang
We report our clinical experience with 11 cases of heel soft tissue defects treated with a medial plantar artery island pedicle flap. We also evaluated the functional outcomes of reconstruction. We enrolled 11 patients (10 [90.9%] males and 1 [9.1%] female), who received a medial plantar artery island pedicle flap for heel soft tissue defects from August 2010 to July 2014. The cause of the defects included trauma (post-traumatic heel skin necrosis) in 2 (18.2%) patients, infection (calcaneal osteomyelitis with overlying soft tissue infection) in 2 (18...
March 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120507/effect-of-systemic-insulin-treatment-on-diabetic-wound-healing
#17
Nasibeh Vatankhah, Younes Jahangiri, Gregory J Landry, Gregory L Moneta, Amir F Azarbal
This study investigates if different diabetic treatment regimens affect diabetic foot ulcer healing. From January 2013 to December 2014, 107 diabetic foot ulcers in 85 patients were followed until wound healing, amputation or development of a nonhealing ulcer at the last follow-up visit. Demographic data, diabetic treatment regimens, presence of peripheral vascular disease, wound characteristics, and outcome were collected. Nonhealing wound was defined as major or minor amputation or those who did not have complete healing until the last observation...
January 24, 2017: Wound Repair and Regeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108304/non-surgical-treatment-of-diabetic-foot-osteomyelitis
#18
Mesut Mutluoglu, Benjamin A Lipsky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2017: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101794/diabetic-foot-infections-an-update-in-diagnosis-and-management
#19
REVIEW
Pinelopi Grigoropoulou, Ioanna Eleftheriadou, Edward B Jude, Nikolaos Tentolouris
Foot infections are a common problem in patients with diabetes and a risk factor for limb amputation. They occur as a result of skin ulceration, which facilitates penetration of pathogens to deeper tissues. The diagnosis of infection is clinical. Aerobic gram-positive cocci are the most common pathogens. Ulcers which are chronic, preceded by administration of antibiotics and hospitalization or complicated by severe infection are polymicrobial. Antibiotic therapy is initially empiric based on the severity of the infection...
January 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099198/osteomyelitis-of-the-navicular-bone-a-case-report
#20
Nobuyuki Kumahashi, Suguru Kuwata, Shinji Imade, Yuji Uchio
A 16-year-old boy developed left foot pain of unknown cause that was unresponsive to conservative treatment, associated with fever and difficulty walking. He was admitted to our hospital with osteomyelitis of the accessory and body of the navicular bone. Surgery could not be performed because the patient had been diagnosed with Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome. After antibiotic therapy, laboratory abnormalities and pain had resolved. One year after treatment, the patient had returned to his original level of sports activity...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
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