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Implant Prosthodontics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300000/the-use-of-tungsten-as-a-chronically-implanted-material
#1
Ahmad Shah Idil, Nick Donaldson
This review paper shows that tungsten should not generally by used as a chronically implanted material. The metal has a long implant history, from neuroscience, vascular medicine, radiography, orthopaedics, prosthodontics, and various other fields, primarily as a result of its high density, radiopacity, tensile strength and yield point. However a crucial material criterion for chronically implanted metals is their long term resistance to corrosion in body fluids, either by inherently noble metallic surfaces, or by protective passivation layers of metal oxide...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299730/the-functional-implant-prosthodontic-score-fips-assessment-of-reproducibility-and-observer-variability
#2
Tim Joda, Fernando Zarone, Nicola U Zitzmann, Marco Ferrari
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to validate the reproducibility and observer variability of the Functional Implant Prosthodontic Score (FIPS), while considering the level of dental experience for intra- and inter-examiner analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 44 examiners (n = 31 undergraduate dental students and n = 13 postgraduate prosthodontic students) applied FIPS to ten sample cases each showing one implant-supported single crown for premolar or molar replacements...
January 3, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284975/dental-implants-a-remote-option-in-case-of-somatic-delusion-disorder
#3
Thanvir Mohamed Niazi, G Ulaganathan, S Kalaiselvan, R Lambodharan, R Mahalakshmi, M Sophia, V Usha Giridhar
A 29-year-old female was referred by a psychiatrist for dental implantation and prosthodontic rehabilitation, as she had all her healthy permanent teeth extracted within a span of 2-6 months, due to somatic delusional disorder. She presently refuses artificial dentures and implants with the fear of having worms in her teeth and the fear not yet allayed. The patient cannot be treated for her edentulous state until her psychiatric symptoms are treated. This is the limitation for the implant surgeon where service rendered is impaired in spite of advanced professional skills, ideal patient ridge, and other factors, just where the patient is not mentally prepared for the dental rehabilitation procedures...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279687/prosthodontic-maintenance-and-peri-implant-tissue-conditions-for-telescopic-attachment-retained-mandibular-implant-overdenture-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#4
REVIEW
Ahmed Mohamed Keshk, Ahmed Yaseen Alqutaibi, Radhwan S Algabri, Mostafa S Swedan, Amal Kaddah
The mandibular implant-retained overdentures (MIRO) are a highly successful prosthetic treatment option. However, an argument still present regarding its design and type of attachment system. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to perform a qualitative and quantitative analysis of the scientific literature regarding the telescopic attachments versus other attachment systems retaining mandibular implant overdentures. Manual and electronic database (PubMed and Cochrane) searches were performed to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing telescopic versus other attachment systems...
October 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275563/-understanding-new-progress-in-prosthodontics-from-the-perspective-of-updates-in-the-glossary-of-prosthodontic-terms
#5
T Jiang
Glossary of Prosthodontic Terms is a standardized vocabulary with international influence. Its ninth edition was published in J Prosthet Dent in 2017, 12 years after the last edition. During this period, great development has taken place in the dental prosthetics due to dental implant and digital dentistry as well as application of new materials and technologies. The research results of dental adhesion, aesthetic dentistry, orofacial function, and tissue regeneration has been fully applied in dental clinic...
December 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261853/metal-free-materials-for-fixed-prosthodontic-restorations
#6
REVIEW
Carlo E Poggio, Carlo Ercoli, Lorena Rispoli, Carlo Maiorana, Marco Esposito
BACKGROUND: Fixed prosthodontic treatment (crowns, fixed dental prostheses (FDPs), complete arch prostheses) involves the use of several different materials to replace missing tooth structure. Traditionally full metal or metal frameworks veneered with ceramic (metal-ceramic (MC)) have been used. In recent years several different metal-free systems have become available to clinicians and patients. In general, metal-free restorations should allow practitioners to better reproduce natural tooth colour, avoiding shortcomings of MC restorations...
December 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249880/a-comparative-evaluation-of-chewing-efficiency-masticatory-bite-force-and-patient-satisfaction-between-conventional-denture-and-implant-supported-mandibular-overdenture-an-in-vivo-study
#7
Arjun Jawahar Sharma, Rahul Nagrath, Manesh Lahori
Purpose: The purpose of this within-subject crossover clinical trial was to compare and evaluate the chewing efficiency, masticatory bite force, and patient satisfaction with conventional dentures and two implant-retained mandible overdentures after 4 weeks of usage. Method: This within-subject crossover clinical trial was carried out in the Department of Prosthodontics in K.D Dental College and Hospital. A total 15 patients were selected for the study. To report the changes in chewing efficiency by chewing 6gms of peanuts with 40 chewing strokes and comparing the particle size of the chewed material between two implant retained mandibular overdenture with that of conventional denture using micro vu excel gantry type visual measurement machine...
October 2017: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243683/the-comparison-of-cement-and-screw-retained-crowns-from-technical-and-biological-points-of-view
#8
Aira Ragauskaitė, Gediminas Žekonis, Juozas Žilinskas, Alvydas Gleiznys, Eglė Ivanauskienė, Darius Gleiznys
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to evaluate the most common complications in implant prosthodontics with porcelain-fused-to-metal crowns, to evaluate the influence of biomechanical properties on fractures and cracks of veneered porcelain, and to compare the effects of crowns with different connections on soft tissues. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A search of literature in the English language between 2009 and 2015 was conducted using the following databases: Medline via PubMed, Science Direct, Wiley online library, Taylor& Francis, and Cochrane library...
2017: Stomatologija
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242813/cobalt-chromium-alloys-in-fixed-prosthodontics-in-sweden
#9
Maria Kassapidou, Victoria Franke Stenport, Lars Hjalmarsson, Carina B Johansson
Aim: The aim of this study was to compile the usage of Co-Cr alloys in fixed prosthodontics (FP) among dental laboratories in Sweden. Methods: From March to October 2015, questionnaires were sent to 542 registered dental laboratories in Sweden. The questionnaires were divided in two parts, one for fixed dental-supported prosthodontics (FDP) and one for fixed implant-supported prosthodontics (FIP). Reminders were sent three times. Results: In total of 542 dental laboratories, 55% answered the questionnaires...
2017: Acta Biomaterialia Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209690/prosthetic-rehabilitation-involving-the-use-of-implants-following-a-fibula-free-flap-reconstruction-in-the-treatment-of-osteosarcoma-of-the-maxilla-a-case-report
#10
E Brauner, A Quarato, F De Angelis, G Pompa, S Jamshir, V Valentini, S Di Carlo
INTRODUCTION: Osteosarcoma is an aggressive primary bone tumor composed of connective tissue cells directly producing osteoid and bone. Prosthetic rehabilitations in post-oncological patients after bone reconstruction are not substantially different than those of patients affected by severe atrophy of upper or lower jaw after bone reconstruction. The treatment for patients with a malignant neoplasia of the oral cavity requires multidisciplinary approach by a team of different specialists that follow the patient through the phases of diagnosis, therapy and oral rehabilitation...
November 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204445/dental-implant-surrounding-marginal-bone-level-evaluation-platform-switching-versus-platform-matching-one-year-retrospective-study
#11
Eisner Salamanca, Jerry C-Y Lin, Chi-Yang Tsai, Yung-Szu Hsu, Haw-Ming Huang, Nai-Chia Teng, Peter D Wang, Sheng-Wei Feng, May-Show Chen, Wei-Jen Chang
The benefits and feasibility of platform switching have been discussed in several studies, reporting lesser crestal bone loss in platform-switched implants than in platform-matched implants. Objective. The aim of the present study was to observe the changes in vertical and horizontal marginal bone levels in platform-switched and platform-matched dental implants. Materials and Methods. 51 patients received 60 dental implants in the present study over a 1-year period. Measurement was performed between the implant shoulder and the most apical and horizontal marginal defect by periapical radiographs to examine the changes of peri-implant alveolar bone before and 12 months after prosthodontic restoration delivery...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197433/outcomes-of-dental-implant-therapy-in-patients-with-down-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Shariq Najeeb, Zohaib Khurshid, Fahad Siddiqui, Sana Zohaib, Muhammad Sohail Zafar
OBJECTIVES: Patients with Down syndrome (DS) require an earlier and more frequent tooth replacement than rest of the population. The objective of this systematic review is to critically analyze and summarize studies to ascertain the outcomes and survival of dental implants placed in jaws of DS patients. METHODS: Using the key words "dental implants," "Down syndrome," and "prosthodontics," an electronic search was conducted via PubMed/MEDLINE, ISI Web of Science, Google Scholar, Embase, and Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) databases by 2 authors, S...
December 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140387/full-mouth-rehabilitation-with-calvarium-bone-grafts-and-dental-implants-for-a-papillon-lef%C3%A3-vre-syndrome-patient-case-report
#13
Bassam M Kinaia, Kristyn Hope, Ahmed Zuhaili, Jean Francois Tulasne
Papillon-Lefèvre syndrome (PLS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of keratinization associated with palmoplantar keratoderma and severe periodontitis resulting in complete edentulism in late adolescence. The pathognomonic dental features of PLS are pathologic migration, hypermobility, and exfoliation of the teeth without any signs of root resorption. It has been suggested that an effective way to treat PLS patients presenting early in the disease progression is extraction of the erupted primary dentition or hopeless permanent teeth followed by antibiotic coverage with periodontal therapy for the remaining teeth...
November 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098745/prosthodontic-management-of-a-patient-with-moebius-syndrome-a-clinical-report
#14
Ahmed Mahrous, Ghadeer Thalji
Moebius/Mӧbius Syndrome (MS) is an extremely rare congenital disorder characterized by uni- or bilateral palsy of the abducens (VI) and the facial (VII) nerves, causing facial paralysis. Dysfunction of cranial nerves III through XII is common, most often the glossopharyngeal (IX) and hypoglossus (XII). Afflicted individuals seeking prosthodontic care, particularly removable prosthetics, present multiple challenges related to inherent facial and tongue muscle weakness and microstomia. Other extraoral anomalies may include congenital multiple arthrogryposis and malformations of the upper and lower limbs...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044894/immediate-implant-placement-and-provisionalization-following-tumor-resective-surgery-in-the-midfacial-region-a-case-series
#15
Nelson Fernandes, Jacobus van den Heever, Leanne Sykes
Surgical and prosthodontic restoration of the midfacial region following tumor resection has always posed a considerable challenge, as this area serves crucial functional and esthetic roles. Being diagnosed and subsequently treated for facial tumors can have an immense psychosocial impact on a patient, as the resulting defects are often disfiguring, and lead to an inability to masticate, swallow, and speak clearly. Provision of an immediate facial and dental prosthesis at the time of surgery can limit these side effects and help reduce mental duress on these patients and their families, as well as aid in the process of rehabilitation...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042741/management-of-broken-dental-implant-abutment-in-a-patient-with-bruxism-a-rare-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#16
Saad Al-Almaie
This rare case report describes prosthodontic complications resulting from a dental implant was placed surgically more distally in the area of the missing mandibular first molar with a cantilever effect and a crest width of >12 mm in a 59-year-old patient who had a history of bruxism. Fracture of abutment is a common complication in implant was placed in area with high occlusal forces. Inability to remove the broken abutment may most often end up in discarding the implant. Adding one more dental implant mesially to the previously placed implant, improvisation of technique to remove the broken abutment without sacrificing the osseointegrated dental implant, fabrication with cemented custom-made abutment to replace the broken abutment for the first implant, and the use of the two implants to replace a single molar restoration proved reliable and logical treatment solutions to avoid these prosthodontic complications...
July 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978271/feline-dental-implants-long-term-follow-up-of-two-cases
#17
Rocco E Mele, Anthony Caiafa, Gregori M Kurtzman
Dental implants have become an option for replacement of lost canine teeth in cats. Although cats appear to manage well after a canine extraction, complications such as lip entrapment can occur after maxillary canine tooth extraction. Even cats with a complicated crown fracture of the maxillary canine tooth that have had root canal therapy can develop lip entrapment. This can lead to painful lip ulcers and potential need for further dental treatment. Canine tooth replacement with a dental implant and prosthodontic crown is, in the authors' experience, a predictable option that can be offered to clients who would like to replace a lost canine tooth...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968321/postradiotherapy-prosthetic-management-of-mandible-reconstructed-with-fibular-graft
#18
Pankaj Kharade, Kanchan Dholam, Pravin Bhirangi
Intraoral defects secondary to resection of mandible leading to mandibular discontinuity are very complicated to treat as the muscles exert forces on the residual portion of the mandible. Primarily this leads to disfigurement of the face. These forces also make mastication difficult due to imbalance. Ultimately it leads to poor quality of life for the patient. Apart from that the clinical outcome and prognosis of prosthetic rehabilitation of such patients is very poor. The composite fibular flap is the preferred donor site for reconstruction of most complex orofacial-mandibular defects...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967405/prosthodontic-safety-checklist-before-delivery-of-screw-retained-and-cement-retained-implant-restorations
#19
Avinash S Bidra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962664/a-new-concept-for-implant-borne-dental-rehabilitation-how-to-overcome-the-biological-weak-spot-of-conventional-dental-implants
#20
Nils-Claudius Gellrich, Björn Rahlf, Rüdiger Zimmerer, Philipp-Cornelius Pott, Majeed Rana
BACKGROUND: Every endosseous dental implant is dependent on an adequate amount and quality of peri-implant hard and soft tissues and their fully functional interaction. The dental implant could fail in cases of insufficient bone and soft tissues or due to a violation of the soft to hard tissues to implant shoulder interface with arising of a secondary bone loss. METHOD: To overcome this biological weak-spot, we designed a new implant that allows for multi vector endosseous anchorage around the individual underlying bone, which has to be scanned by computed tomography (CT) or Cone beam CT (CBCT) technique to allow for planning the implant...
September 29, 2017: Head & Face Medicine
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