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Cardiac mri scar score

Valentina O Puntmann, Gerry Carr-White, Andrew Jabbour, Chung-Yao Yu, Rolf Gebker, Sebastian Kelle, Andreas Rolf, Sabine Zitzmann, Elif Peker, Tommaso D'Angelo, Faraz Pathan, Elen, Silvia Valbuena, Rocio Hinojar, Christophe Arendt, Jagat Narula, Eva Herrmann, Andreas M Zeiher, Eike Nagel
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease (CAD) remains the major cause of cardiac morbidity and mortality worldwide, despite the advances in treatment with coronary revascularization and modern antiremodeling therapy. Risk stratification in CAD patients is primarily based on left ventricular volumes, ejection fraction (LVEF), risk scores, and the presence and extent of late gadolinium enhancement (LGE). The prognostic role of T1 mapping in noninfarcted myocardium in CAD patients has not yet been determined...
February 20, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Konstantinos Bratis, Markus Henningsson, Chrisanthos Grigoratos, Matteo Dell' Omodarme, Konstantinos Chasapides, Rene Botnar, Eike Nagel
PURPOSE: To assess the diagnostic value of three-dimensional late enhancement (3D-LGE) for the detection of myocardial necrosis in a routine clinical setting. 3D-LGE has been proposed as a novel magnetic resonance (MR) technique for the accurate detection of myocardial scar in both the ventricles and atria. Its performance in clinical practice has been poorly examined. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-seven patients referred for cardiac MR examination including scar imaging were prospectively enrolled...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
Tuan L Nguyen, Justin Phan, Jarred Hogan, Leia Hee, Daniel Moses, James Otton, Upul Premawardhana, Rohan Rajaratnam, Craig P Juergens, Hany Dimitri, John K French, David Richards, Liza Thomas
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the relationship of adverse diastolic remodeling (ie, worsening diastolic or persistent restrictive filling) with infarct scar characteristics, and to evaluate its prognostic value after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). BACKGROUND: Severe diastolic dysfunction (restrictive filling) has known prognostic value post STEMI. However, ongoing left ventricular (LV) remodeling post STEMI may alter diastolic function even if less severe...
October 2016: American Heart Journal
Lewis E Holmes, Tuan L Nguyen, Leia Hee, James Otton, Daniel A Moses, John K French, Liza Thomas, David A B Richards, Craig P Juergens
BACKGROUND: Myocardial infarct size (IS) following ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is an important prognostic factor. We assessed the Selvester 32-point QRS score from the 12-lead ECG for measurement of IS in STEMI patients receiving reperfusion therapy compared to cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI). Furthermore we sought to explore the impact of microvascular obstruction (MVO) on the scoring system, and determine factors contributing to discrepancies between CMRI IS and Selvester score...
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Sandra Hamada, Joerg Schroeder, Rainer Hoffmann, Ertunc Altiok, Andras Keszei, Mohammad Almalla, Andreas Napp, Nikolaus Marx, Michael Becker
BACKGROUND: Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) has been established as a powerful tool for predicting mortality. However, its application is limited by availability and various contraindications. The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictive value of layer-specific myocardial deformation analysis as assessed by strain echocardiography for cardiac events in patients with chronic ischemic left ventricular dysfunction in comparison with CMR. METHODS: Three hundred ninety patients (mean age, 63 ± 4 years; 69% men; mean left ventricular ejection fraction [LVEF], 41 ± 7%) with chronic ischemic cardiomyopathy were prospectively enrolled and underwent strain echocardiography and CMR within 3 ± 1 days...
May 2016: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Mohammed J Sheriff, Omar Mouline, Chijen Hsu, Stuart M Grieve, Michael K Wilson, Paul G Bannon, Michael P Vallely, Rajesh Puranik
BACKGROUND: The euroSCORE II is a widely used pre-coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CAGS) risk score, but its predictive power lacks the specificity to predict outcomes in high-risk patients (<LVEF 40%) due to changes in cardiac surgery case mix, revascularisation techniques and related outcomes in recent years. We investigated the utility of Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging (CMRI) in predicting immediate and six-week outcomes after CAGS. METHODS: Fifty-two consecutive patients with high euroSCORE II (>16) and left ventricular (LV) dysfunction (<40%) based on 2D-echocardiography who underwent CAGS and in whom CMRI (1...
June 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
Evrim B Turkbey, Marcelo S Nacif, Mengye Guo, Robyn L McClelland, Patricia B R P Teixeira, Diane E Bild, R Graham Barr, Steven Shea, Wendy Post, Gregory Burke, Matthew J Budoff, Aaron R Folsom, Chia-Ying Liu, João A Lima, David A Bluemke
IMPORTANCE: Myocardial scarring leads to cardiac dysfunction and poor prognosis. The prevalence of and factors associated with unrecognized myocardial infarction and scar have not been previously defined using contemporary methods in a multiethnic US population. OBJECTIVE: To determine prevalence of and factors associated with myocardial scar in middle- and older-aged individuals in the United States. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) study is a population-based cohort in the United States...
November 10, 2015: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Suzanne L Duce, Jonathan R Weir-McCall, Stephen J Gandy, Shona Z Matthew, Deirdre B Cassidy, Lynne McCormick, Petra Rauchhaus, Helen Looker, Helen M Colhoun, J Graeme Houston
BACKGROUND: Whole body cardiovascular MR (WB CVMR) combines whole body angiography and cardiac MR assessment. It is accepted that there is a high disease burden in patients with diabetes, however the quantification of the whole body atheroma burden in both arterial and cardiac disease has not been previously reported. In this study we compare the quantified atheroma burden in those individuals with and without diabetes by clinical cardiovascular disease (CVD) status. METHODS: 158 participants underwent WB CVMR, and were categorised into one of four groups: (1) type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with CVD; (2) T2DM without CVD; (3) CVD without T2DM; (4) healthy controls...
September 18, 2015: Cardiovascular Diabetology
Yoshihiro Sobue, Masahide Harada, Masayuki Koshikawa, Tomohide Ichikawa, Mayumi Yamamoto, Kentaro Okuda, Yasuchika Kato, Masayoshi Sarai, Eiichi Watanabe, Yukio Ozaki
BACKGROUND: Cardiac sarcoidosis (CS) generates myocardial scar and arrhythmogenic substrate. CS diagnosis according to the Japanese Ministry of Health and Welfare guidelines relies, among others, on cardiac magnetic resonance imaging with late gadolinium enhancement (CMR-LGE). However, access to CMR-LGE is limited. The electrocardiography-based Selvester QRS score has been validated for identifying myocardial scar in ischemic/nonischemic cardiomyopathy, but its efficacy has not been tested to evaluate CS...
December 2015: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
Björn Wieslander, Robin Nijveldt, Igor Klem, Yuliya Lokhnygina, John Pura, Galen S Wagner, Martin Ugander, Brett D Atwater
BACKGROUND: The Selvester QRS score is an electrocardiographic tool designed to quantify myocardial scar. It was updated in 2009 to expand its usefulness in patients with conduction abnormalities such as bundle-branch and fascicular blocks. There is need to further validate the updated score in a broader group of patients with cardiovascular disease and conduction abnormalities. We primarily hypothesized that the updated score could distinguish between presence and absence of scar by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) with late gadolinium enhancement in 4 groups of patients with distinct conduction abnormalitites...
August 2015: American Heart Journal
Naka Sakamoto, Nobuyuki Sato, Kensuke Oikawa, Ahmed Karim Talib, Eitaro Sugiyama, Akiho Minoshima, Yasuko Tanabe, Toshiharu Takeuchi, Kazumi Akasaka, Yasuaki Saijo, Yuichiro Kawamura, Naoyuki Hasebe
BACKGROUND: The presence of myocardial scar detected by late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) on cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging has been described as a good independent predictor of mortality in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Time-domain T-wave alternans (TWA) is also a potential predictor of cardiac mortality in patients with left ventricular dysfunction. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to elucidate the relationship between LGE distribution and TWA in patients with HCM...
August 2015: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
Alberto Palazzuoli, Matteo Beltrami, Luigi Gennari, A Ghosh Dastidar, Ranuccio Nuti, Elisa McAlindon, Gianni D Angelini, Chiara Bucciarelli-Ducci
Myocardial infarction (MI) results in myocardial scarring which can have an impact on left ventricular (LV) stiffness and contractile function, ultimately leading to reduced LV systolic function and LV remodelling, However some concerns about the relation between scar extension and segmental wall motion contractility is not enough clear. Thus, the association between myocardial scar, LV regional and global function and LV remodeling should be investigated. We studied the relationship between scar extension, wall motion score index (WMSI), LV dimensions and systolic function in a group of patients with previous MI by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR)...
June 2015: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Ravi Ranjan, Christopher J McGann, Eun-Kee Jeong, KyungPyo Hong, Eugene G Kholmovski, Josh Blauer, Brent D Wilson, Nassir F Marrouche, Daniel Kim
AIM: Late gadolinium enhanced (LGE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a useful tool for facilitating ventricular tachycardia (VT) ablation. Unfortunately, most VT ablation candidates often have prophylactic implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) and do not undergo cardiac MRI largely due to image artefacts generated by ICD. A prior study has reported success of 'wideband' LGE MRI for imaging myocardial scar without image artefacts induced by ICD at 1.5T. The purpose of this study was to widen the availability of wideband LGE MRI to 3T, since it has the potential to achieve higher spatial resolution than 1...
March 2015: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
Sylvain Grall, Loïc Biere, Guillaume Clerfond, Victor Mateus, Fabrice Prunier, Alain Furber
BACKGROUND: Late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) on cardiac MRI (CMR) has been described as an independent predictive factor of cardiovascular events among patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). LGE and Q waves are considered as myocardial scar markers but their relation in the context of HCM is poorly established and has to be more supported. The objective of the study was to compare ECG findings in the presence or absence of LGE. METHODS: 42 patients with HCM confirmed by CMR were included in the study...
2014: Open Heart
Tomoyuki Kido, Teruhito Kido, Masashi Nakamura, Naoto Kawaguchi, Yoshiko Nishiyama, Akiyoshi Ogimoto, Masao Miyagawa, Teruhito Mochizuki
BACKGROUND: Late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a useful technique for detecting myocardial fibrosis. LGE images are typically acquired using the inversion recovery (IR) method. Recently, phase-sensitive inversion recovery (PSIR) technology has been developed. The purpose of this study was to evaluate free-breathing 3D PSIR sequencing in comparison with breath-held 3D IR sequencing for the detection of myocardial fibrosis. METHODS: One hundred twenty-three patients with suspected ischemic cardiac disease (n=27) or non-ischemic cardiomyopathy (hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, n=29; dilated cardiomyopathy, n=22; sarcoidosis, n=21; arrhythmia, n=9; myocarditis, n=4; amyloidosis, n=3; and others, n=8) were evaluated by LGE-MRI, which was performed first with the IR sequence and then with the PSIR sequence, using a 3T MRI scanner...
December 2014: European Journal of Radiology
Deborah H Kwon, Lisa Asamoto, Zoran B Popovic, Kenya Kusunose, Monique Robinson, Milind Desai, Thomas H Marwick, Scott D Flamm
BACKGROUND: Infarct heterogeneity has been shown to be independently associated with adverse outcomes in previous smaller studies. However, it is unknown whether infarct characterization is an independent predictor of all-cause mortality in patients with advanced ischemic cardiomyopathy, after adjusting for clinical risk factors, severity of ischemic mitral regurgitation, incomplete revascularization, and device therapy. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 362 patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy (left ventricular dysfunction with >70% stenosis in ≥1 epicardial coronary artery) underwent delayed hyperenhancement-magnetic resonance imaging and coronary angiography between 2002 and 2006...
September 2014: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
João L Cavalcante, Thomas H Marwick, Rory Hachamovitch, Zoran B Popovic, Nael Aldweib, Randall C Starling, Milind Y Desai, Scott D Flamm, Deborah H Kwon
UNLABELLED: Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) identifies important prognostic variables in ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) patients such as left ventricular (LV) volumes, LV ejection fraction (LVEF), peri-infarct zone, and myocardial scar burden (MSB). It is unknown whether Doppler-based diastolic dysfunction (DDF) retains its prognostic value in ICM patients, in the context of current imaging, medical, and device therapies. METHODS: Diastolic function was evaluated in ICM patients (LVEF ≤ 40% and ≥ 70% stenosis in ≥ 1 coronary artery) who underwent transthoracic echocardiogram and delayed hyperenhancement CMR studies within 7 days...
August 2014: American Heart Journal
Alexander Assmann, Michael Heke, Patric Kröpil, Lena Ptok, Dieter Hafner, Christian Ohmann, Andreas Martens, Antje Karluβ, Maximilian Y Emmert, Ingo Kutschka, Hans-Hinrich Sievers, Hans-Michael Klein
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluates the safety, principal feasibility and restoration potential of laser-supported CD133+ intramyocardial cell transplantation in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy. METHODS: Forty-two patients with severe ischemic cardiomyopathy (left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) >15% and <35%) were included in this prospective multicenter phase I trial. They underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with subsequent transepicardial low-energy laser treatment and autologous CD133+ cell transplantation, and were followed up for 12 months...
2014: PloS One
Lidong Wang, Liuquan Cheng, Fang Fang, Xiaodong Han, Aishi Liu, Lin Ma, Peiyi Gao, Guangming Niu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the imaging quality of single shot (SS) fast imaging employing steady state (FIESTA) sequence in contrast-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance (MR) examination, in comparison with the segmented inversion recovery 2D fast gradient echo (IR FGRE) sequence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-two cases with suspected or known heart disease were enrolled in this study, including 24 patients who had enhanced myocardium in myocardial delayed enhancement (MDE)...
March 2015: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
Vasileios Karantalis, Darcy L DiFede, Gary Gerstenblith, Si Pham, James Symes, Juan Pablo Zambrano, Joel Fishman, Pradip Pattany, Ian McNiece, John Conte, Steven Schulman, Katherine Wu, Ashish Shah, Elayne Breton, Janice Davis-Sproul, Richard Schwarz, Gary Feigenbaum, Muzammil Mushtaq, Viky Y Suncion, Albert C Lardo, Ivan Borrello, Adam Mendizabal, Tomer Z Karas, John Byrnes, Maureen Lowery, Alan W Heldman, Joshua M Hare
RATIONALE: Although accumulating data support the efficacy of intramyocardial cell-based therapy to improve left ventricular (LV) function in patients with chronic ischemic cardiomyopathy undergoing CABG, the underlying mechanism and impact of cell injection site remain controversial. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) improve LV structure and function through several effects including reducing fibrosis, neoangiogenesis, and neomyogenesis. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that the impact on cardiac structure and function after intramyocardial injections of autologous MSCs results from a concordance of prorecovery phenotypic effects...
April 11, 2014: Circulation Research
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