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Flight paramedic

Russell D MacDonald, Felipe Allendes
OBJECTIVE: Transport of intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP)-dependent patients between hospitals is increasingly common. The transports are typically time-sensitive and require personnel familiar with IABP operation and management of a potentially unstable patient. This study examined transports performed by specially trained critical care paramedics in a large air medical and land critical care transport service. METHODS: This retrospective, descriptive review prospectively collected data for IABP-dependent patient transports in Ontario, Canada in a 10-year interval beginning September 2003...
July 2016: Air Medical Journal
John W Hafner, Blake W Perkins, Joshua D Korosac, Alayna K Bucher, Jean C Aldag, Kelly L Cox
OBJECTIVE: This study attempts to determine if newer indirect laryngoscopes or intubating devices are superior to a standard laryngoscope for intubation success among helicopter emergency medical service (HEMS) personnel. METHODS: Flight nurses and paramedics intubated standardized mannequins with a normal airway, a trauma airway, and a difficult airway using a standard laryngoscope, a gum elastic bougie, the Airtraq laryngoscope (King System Corp, Noblesville, IN), the Glidescope Ranger laryngoscope (Verathon Inc, Bothell, WA), and the S...
May 2016: Air Medical Journal
Neil B Davids
Over the past 14 years of conflict, the Department of Defense medical community has made significant strides in patient care. As the conflicts developed, many sources identified a critical gap in en route care, specifically the need for critical care trained personnel for point of injury and intrahospital transfers, as well as improved outcomes for patients who received care from critical care trained providers. As stopgap measures were implemented, the US Army instituted the Critical Care Flight Paramedic Program in order to meet this need of life saving critical care transport...
April 2016: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
Bradley Boehringer, Michael Choate, Shelley Hurwitz, Peter V R Tilney, Thomas Judge
Accurate endotracheal intubation for patients in extremis or at risk of physiologic decompensation is the gold standard for emergency medicine. Field intubation is a complex process and time to intubation, number of attempts, and hypoxia have all been shown to correlate with increases in morbidity and mortality. Expanding laryngoscope technology which incorporates active video, in addition to direct laryngoscopy, offers providers improved and varied tools to employ in management of the advanced airway. Over a nine-year period a helicopter emergency medical services team, comprised of a flight paramedic and flight nurse, intended to intubate 790 patients...
2015: BioMed Research International
Ben Meadley, Stefan Heschl, Emily Andrew, Anthony de Wit, Stephen A Bernard, Karen Smith
Winching emergency medical care providers from a helicopter to the scene enables treatment of patients in otherwise inaccessible locations, but is not without risks. The objective of this study was to define characteristics of winch missions undertaken by Intensive Care Flight Paramedics (ICFP) in Victoria, Australia with a focus on extraction methods and clinical care delivered at the scene. A retrospective data analysis was performed to identify all winch missions between November 2010 and March 2014. Demographic data, winch characteristics, physiological parameters, and interventions undertaken on scene by the ICFP were extracted...
2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
Barry D Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2015: EMS World
Ian Wilmer, Graham Chalk, Gareth Edward Davies, Anne Elizabeth Weaver, David John Lockey
OBJECTIVE: The identification of serious injury is critical to the tasking of air ambulances. London's Air Ambulance (LAA) is dispatched by a flight paramedic based on mechanism of injury (MOI), paramedical interrogation of caller (INT) or land ambulance crew request (REQ).This study aimed to demonstrate which of the dispatch methods was most effective (in accuracy and time) in identifying patients with serious injury. METHODS: A retrospective review of 3 years of data (to December 2010) was undertaken...
October 2015: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Judith E Tintinalli
The progressive rise of ED visits globally, and insufficient numbers of emergency physicians, has resulted in the use of mid-level providers as adjuncts for the provision of emergency care, especially in the US and Canada. Military medics, midwives, aeromedical paramedics, EMT-Ps, flight nurses, forensic nurses, sexual assault nurse examiner nurses--are some examples of well-established mid-level provider professionals who achieve their clinical credentials through accredited training programmes and formal certification...
August 2014: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
P A D'Andrea, D J van Hoving, D Wood, W P Smith
BACKGROUND: A helicopter emergency medical service (HEMS) was established in 2005 in Richards Bay, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, to provide primary response and inter-facility transfers to a largely rural area with a population of 3.4 million people. OBJECTIVE: To describe the first 5 years of operation of the HEMS. METHODS: A chart review of all flights from 1 January 2006 to 31 December 2010 was conducted. RESULTS: A total of 1 429 flights were undertaken; 3 were excluded from analysis (missing folders)...
February 2014: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
P Daniel Patterson, Judith R Lave, Matthew D Weaver, Francis X Guyette, Robert M Arnold, Christian Martin-Gill, Jon C Rittenberger, David Krackhardt, Vincent N Mosesso, Ronald N Roth, Richard J Wadas, Donald M Yealy
OBJECTIVES: We sought to test reliability of two approaches to classify adverse events (AEs) associated with helicopter EMS (HEMS) transport. METHODS: The first approach for AE classification involved flight nurses and paramedics (RN/Medics) and mid-career emergency physicians (MC-EMPs) independently reviewing 50 randomly selected HEMS medical records. The second approach involved RN/Medics and MC-EMPs meeting as a group to openly discuss 20 additional medical records and reach consensus-based AE decision...
October 2014: Prehospital Emergency Care
Piotr Adamowicz, Dariusz Zuba, Karolina Sekuła
UR-144 [(1-pentyl-1H-indol-3-yl)(2,2,3,3-tetramethylcyclopropyl)methanone] is a synthetic cannabinoid, which has been detected in many herbal blends, resinous samples and powders seized from the Polish drug market since the beginning of 2012. This paper presents the case of intoxication by this substance. A complete picture of the symptoms observed by a witness, paramedics and medical doctors are given. In the analysis of powder residues from the plastic bag seized from the intoxicated person by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), UR-144 and its major pyrolysis product [1-(1-pentyl-1H-indol-3-yl)-3-methyl-2-(propan-2-yl)but-3-en-1-one] were detected...
December 10, 2013: Forensic Science International
Jacob A Quick, Allan D MacIntyre, Stephen L Barnes
BACKGROUND: Surgical airway creation has a high potential for disaster. Conventional methods can be cumbersome and require special instruments. A simple method utilizing three steps and readily available equipment exists, but has yet to be adequately tested. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to compare conventional cricothyroidotomy with the three-step method utilizing high-fidelity simulation. METHODS: Utilizing a high-fidelity simulator, 12 experienced flight nurses and paramedics performed both methods after a didactic lecture, simulator briefing, and demonstration of each technique...
February 2014: Journal of Emergency Medicine
P Daniel Patterson, Judith R Lave, Christian Martin-Gill, Matthew D Weaver, Richard J Wadas, Robert M Arnold, Ronald N Roth, Vincent N Mosesso, Francis X Guyette, Jon C Rittenberger, Donald M Yealy
INTRODUCTION: We sought to create a valid framework for detecting adverse events (AEs) in the high-risk setting of helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS). METHODS: We assembled a panel of 10 expert clinicians (n = 6 emergency medicine physicians and n = 4 prehospital nurses and flight paramedics) affiliated with a large multistate HEMS organization in the Northeast US. We used a modified Delphi technique to develop a framework for detecting AEs associated with the treatment of critically ill or injured patients...
January 2014: Prehospital Emergency Care
Erik Nelson Vu, Rob S Schlamp, Robert T Wand, Geoff A Kleine-Deters, Mark P Vu, John M Tallon
INTRODUCTION: Major hemorrhage remains a leading cause of death in both military and civilian trauma. We report the use of tranexamic acid (TXA) as part of a trauma exanguination/massive transfusion protocol in the management of hemorrhagic shock in a civilian primary and secondary air medical evacuation (AME) helicopter EMS program. METHODS: TXA was introduced into our CCP flight paramedic program in June 2011. Indications for use include age > 16 years, major trauma (defined a priori based on mechanism of injury or findings on primary survey), and heart rate (HR) > 110 beats per minute (bpm) or systolic blood pressure (SBP) < 90 mmHg...
September 2013: Air Medical Journal
Seth R Holland, Amy Apodaca, Robert L Mabry
OBJECTIVE: Determine if a higher level of Army flight medic (AFM) training was associated with improved physiological state on arrival to a combat support hospital (CSH). METHODS: A retrospective study comparing casualties who were evacuated by two AFM units with only Emergency Medical Technicians-Basic (EMT-Bs) to an Army National Guard unit with Critical Care Flight Paramedics (CCFPs) in Afghanistan with an injury severity score >16 in different time periods looking at their 48-hour mortality, hematocrit (HCT), base deficit (BD), oxygen saturation (SpO2), and physiological parameters on arrival to the CSH...
May 2013: Military Medicine
Clément Dubost, Fabien Sauvet, David Evans, Sandra Dusonchet, Christophe Pelletier, Jean-Marie Rousseau, Sébastien Coste
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of hemodynamic monitoring by bioreactance during the air evacuation of war casualties. METHODS: From June 2011 to January 2012, the French Air Force used a noninvasive bioreactance monitor during the aeromedical evacuation of patients with severe battle injury. Patients were continuously monitored from takeoff (baseline) until arrival. Cardiac index, quality, and viability of signal and fluctuations in values were assessed during the entire flight...
April 2013: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Scott A Bier, Erik Hermstad, Christopher Trollman, Melinda Holt
BACKGROUND: There is great disparity in the education, experience, and staffing requirements for civilian and Army aeromedical transports (AMT). OBJECTIVE: This study sought to determine if medical skills beyond the standard training for Army flight medics were indicated and being performed on Army AMT missions. As a secondary measure, the percentage of indicated interventions performed by basic Emergency Medical Technician (EMT-B) and paramedic (EMT-P) flight medics were compared...
May 2013: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Scott Bier, Erik Hermstad, Christopher Trollman, Melinda Holt
OBJECTIVE: Adequate training levels and an appropriate amount of continuing education for Army flight medics (AFM) is a highly contested topic. We sought to obtain a cross-section of the education, experience, and time spent by flight medics on patient care before and in between deployments. We also sought the opinions of AFM regarding training, transport staffing, and medical oversight. METHODS: This was a prospective survey study administered electronically via SurveyMonkey...
October 2012: Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine
Francis Xavier Guyette, Julia L Morley, Matthew D Weaver, P Daniel Patterson, David Hostler
OBJECTIVE: To employ a battery of previously validated surveys and neuropsychological tests to compare changes in fatigue and cognitive abilities of air medical providers after 12- and 24-hour shifts. METHODS: A convenience sample of 34 flight nurses and flight paramedics employed by one air medical service completed the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and the Chalder Fatigue Questionnaire (CFQ) to determine fatigue before and after 12-hour (n = 16) and 24-hour (n = 19) shifts...
January 2013: Prehospital Emergency Care
Robert L Mabry, Amy Apodaca, Jason Penrod, Jean A Orman, Robert T Gerhardt, Warren C Dorlac
BACKGROUND: The US Army pioneered medical evacuation (MEDEVAC) by helicopter, yet its system remains essentially unchanged since the Vietnam era. Care is provided by a single combat medic credentialed at the Emergency Medical Technician - Basic level. Treatment protocols, documentation, medical direction, and quality improvement processes are not standardized and vary significantly across US Army helicopter evacuation units. This is in contrast to helicopter emergency medical services that operate within the United States...
August 2012: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
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