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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334480/strategies-for-enhancing-medical-student-resilience-student-and-faculty-member-perspectives
#1
Julia Farquhar, Robert Kamei, Arpana Vidyarthi
Objectives: To improve programs aimed to enhance medical student resiliency, we examined both medical student and faculty advisor perspectives on resiliency-building in an Asian medical school. Methods: In two separate focus groups, a convenience sample of 8 MD-PhD students and 8 faculty advisors were asked to identify strategies for enhancing resilience. Using thematic analysis, two researchers independently examined discussion transcripts and field notes and determined themes through a consensus process...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334250/estimation-of-a-latent-variable-regression-growth-curve-model-for-individuals-cross-classified-by-clusters
#2
Audrey J Leroux, S Natasha Beretvas
The cross-classified multiple membership latent variable regression (CCMM-LVR) model is a recent extension to the three-level latent variable regression (HM3-LVR) model which can be utilized for longitudinal data that contains individuals who changed clusters over time (for instance, student mobility across schools). The HM3-LVR model can include the initial status on growth effect as varying across those clusters and allows testing of more flexible hypotheses about the influence of initial status on growth and of factors that might impact that relationship, but only in the presence of pure clustering of participants within higher-level units...
January 15, 2018: Multivariate Behavioral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334020/gender-atypical-personality-or-sexual-behavior-what-is-disgusting-about-male-homosexuality
#3
T Andrew Caswell, Kyrsten Sackett-Fox
Research consistently finds that homosexuality elicits strong feelings of disgust, but the reasons remain unclear. In the current research, we investigate responses to gay men who violate social norms governing the expression of gender and sexuality. Two hundred forty-three college undergraduates read a vignette about a gay male college student whose personality traits (masculine, feminine, or neutral) and sexual behavior (active vs. passive) varied, and reported their affective responses to and cognitive appraisals of the target...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333700/understanding-australian-medical-student-attitudes-towards-older-people
#4
REVIEW
Mark Ag Wilson, Susan E Kurrle, Ian Wilson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article was to review the literature around Australian medical student attitudes towards older people. METHODS: An Ovid cross-search and SCOPUS search were performed using keywords such as 'Attitude', 'Medical Student' and 'Aged or Older or Elderly'. RESULTS: Several recent studies have investigated the attitudes of Australian medical students towards older people. Baseline attitudes at two medical schools were positive...
January 14, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333646/examining-predictors-of-breakfast-skipping-and-breakfast-program-use-among-secondary-school-students-in-the-compass-study
#5
Katelyn M Godin, Karen A Patte, Scott T Leatherdale
BACKGROUND: Many Canadian schools offer breakfast programs; however, students' engagement in these programs is low, while breakfast skipping is highly prevalent among youth. This study examined whether the availability of breakfast programs supports adolescents' regular breakfast eating, and identified characteristics of breakfast skippers who are not using these programs. METHODS: Data from 30,771 secondary school students from Ontario and Alberta, Canada, participating in Year 3 (2014-2015) of the COMPASS study were used for descriptive and logistic regression analyses...
February 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333643/race-sex-and-discrimination-in-school-settings-a-multilevel-analysis-of-associations-with-delinquency
#6
Brittany D Chambers, Jennifer Toller Erausquin
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a critical phase of development and experimentation with delinquent behaviors. There is a growing body of literature exploring individual and structural impacts of discrimination on health outcomes and delinquent behaviors. However, there is limited research assessing how school diversity and discrimination impact students' delinquent behaviors. In response, the purpose of this study was to assess if individual- and school-level indicators of discrimination and diversity were associated with student delinquent behaviors among African American and White students...
February 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333642/early-adolescents-emotional-well-being-in-the-classroom-the-role-of-personal-and-contextual-assets
#7
Eva Oberle
BACKGROUND: The objective was to predict early adolescents' emotional well-being from personal and contextual assets in the classroom. Emotional well-being is a key indicator of health. Aligned with the positive youth development (PYD) framework, a supportive classroom environment and positive relationships with teachers and peers were contextual assets in the present study; positive self-concept was a personal asset. METHODS: The sample was 406 grade 4 to 7 public elementary school students from diverse backgrounds (mean = 11...
February 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332547/the-psychology-of-the-politics-of-rape-political-ideology-moral-foundations-and-attitudes-toward-rape
#8
Michael D Barnett, Emily N Hilz
Previous research has found that conservatives and liberals emphasize different moral foundations. The purpose of these two studies was to investigate whether moral foundations mediate the relationship between political ideology and attitudes toward rape among U.S. college students. In Study 1, moral foundations fully mediated the relationship between political ideology and rape myth acceptance. Study 2 generally replicated the results of Study 1, with binding foundations demonstrating the most consistent mediating effects...
May 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332493/college-campus-sexual-assault-the-contribution-of-peers-proabuse-informational-support-and-attachments-to-abusive-peers
#9
Walter S DeKeseredy, Amanda Hall-Sanchez, James Nolan
Since the mid-1980s, researchers across the United States have uncovered high rates of sexual assault among female college students. However, to advance a better understanding of this gendered type of victimization, and to both prevent and control this problem, the research community needs to identify its major correlates. One that is consistently uncovered in North American campus survey work is negative peer support, especially that provided by male peers. Yet, some earlier studies have found that mixed-sex negative peer support, too, contributes to campus sexual assault...
September 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331902/the-use-of-interprofessional-learning-and-simulation-in-undergraduate-nursing-programs-to-address-interprofessional-communication-and-collaboration-an-integrative-review-of-the-literature
#10
REVIEW
Benedikte M Granheim, Julie M Shaw, Martha Mansah
OBJECTIVE: To identify how simulation and interprofessional learning are used together in undergraduate nursing programs and undertaken in schools of nursing to address interprofessional communication and collaboration. DESIGN: An integrative literature review. DATA SOURCES: The databases CINAHL, ProQuest, PubMed, Scopus, PsycInfo and Science Direct were searched to identify articles from 2006 to 2016 that reported on the use of IPL and simulation together in undergraduate nursing education...
December 29, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331798/engaging-students-in-a-community-of-learning-renegotiating-the-learning-environment
#11
Karen A Theobald, Carol A Windsor, Elizabeth M Forster
Promoting student engagement in a student led environment can be challenging. This article reports on the process of design, implementation and evaluation of a student led learning approach in a small group tutorial environment in a three year Bachelor of Nursing program at an Australian university. The research employed three phases of data collection. The first phase explored student perceptions of learning and engagement in tutorials. The results informed the development of a web based learning resource...
December 27, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329793/drug-use-family-support-and-related-factors-in-university-students-a-cross-sectional-study-based-on-the-unihcos-project-data
#12
Jorge Arias-De la Torre, Tania Fernández-Villa, Antonio José Molina, Carmen Amezcua-Prieto, Ramona Mateos, José María Cancela, Miguel Delgado-Rodríguez, Rocío Ortíz-Moncada, Juan Alguacil, Ana Almaraz, Inés Gómez-Acebo, María Morales Suárez-Varela, Gemma Blázquez-Abellán, Eladio Jiménez-Mejías, Luis Félix Valero, Carlos Ayán, Laura Vilorio-Marqués, Rocío Olmedo-Requena, Vicente Martín
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of illegal drug use in college students on any previous occasion, during the previous year and the previous month, and to analyze the relationship between illegal drug use and family support and other factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using data from students participating in the uniHcos project (n = 3767) was conducted. The prevalence and age of onset of consumption of cannabis, non-prescription sedatives, stimulants and depressants was evaluated...
January 9, 2018: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329753/does-social-context-matter-an-ecological-momentary-assessment-study-of-marijuana-use-among-college-students
#13
Kristina T Phillips, Michael M Phillips, Trent L Lalonde, Mark A Prince
INTRODUCTION: Past research has shown that marijuana use occurs commonly in social situations for young adults, though few studies have examined the association between immediate social context and marijuana use patterns and associated problems. The current study examined the impact of demographics, marijuana use and problem use, alcohol use, craving, and social context on the likelihood of using marijuana with others via ecological momentary assessment (EMA). METHODS: College-student marijuana users (N=56) were recruited and completed a baseline assessment and training on the two-week signal-contingent EMA protocol...
January 4, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329024/-teamup-an-approach-to-developing-teamwork-skills-in-undergraduate-midwifery-students
#14
Carolyn Ruth Hastie
OBJECTIVE: to develop an effective model to enable educators to teach, develop and assess the development of midwifery students' teamwork skills DESIGN: an action research project involving participant interviews and academic feedback. SETTING: a regional university PARTICIPANTS: midwifery students (n = 21) and new graduate midwives (n = 20) INTERVENTIONS: a whole of course program using a rubric, with five teamwork domains and behavioural descriptors, to provide a framework for teaching and assessment...
December 28, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328349/sexual-dimorphism-in-physical-education-students-of-equal-body-height
#15
Józef Tatarczuk, Ryszard Asienkiewicz, Artur Wandycz
The aim: This paper's aim is to assess the level of development and size of particular body parts and dimorphic differences with regard to body height. Methods: The research was carried out over the period of 1995-2010 on a 1,969-strong cohort of first-year students of physical education, aged 19-21. The following somatic features were measured: body height and weight, breadth of distal femoral epiphysis, breadth of distal brachial epiphysis, four skinfolds, arm circumference, and calf circumference. Using the results, the shares of endomorphy, mesomorphy, and ectomorphy were calculated as well as the mean values of particular features and their supplemental values and regression equations...
January 12, 2018: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326101/pathways-over-time-functional-genomics-research-in-an-introductory-laboratory-course
#16
Todd D Reeves, Douglas M Warner, Larry H Ludlow, Clare M O'Connor
National reports have called for the introduction of research experiences throughout the undergraduate curriculum, but practical implementation at many institutions faces challenges associated with sustainability, cost, and large student populations. We describe a novel course-based undergraduate research experience (CURE) that introduces introductory-level students to research in functional genomics in a 3-credit, multisection laboratory class. In the Pathways over Time class project, students study the functional conservation of the methionine biosynthetic pathway between divergent yeast species...
2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326096/monitoring-freshman-college-experience-through-content-analysis-of-tweets-observational-study
#17
Sam Liu, Miaoqi Zhu, Sean D Young
BACKGROUND: Freshman experiences can greatly influence students' success. Traditional methods of monitoring the freshman experience, such as conducting surveys, can be resource intensive and time consuming. Social media, such as Twitter, enable users to share their daily experiences. Thus, it may be possible to use Twitter to monitor students' postsecondary experience. OBJECTIVE: Our objectives were to (1) describe the proportion of content posted on Twitter by college students relating to academic studies, personal health, and social life throughout the semester; and (2) examine whether the proportion of content differed by demographics and during nonexam versus exam periods...
January 11, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325480/overweight-and-obesity-among-chinese-college-students-an-exploration-of-gender-as-related-to-external-environmental-influences
#18
Shuhan Jiang, Sihui Peng, Tingzhong Yang, Randall R Cottrell, Lu Li
While many studies have examined factors associated with overweight and obesity among college students, no study has yet compared gender differences influencing overweight and obesity using a multilevel framework. The present study examines different influences on overweight and obesity between men and women at both individual and environmental levels. Participants were 11,673 college students identified through a multistage survey sampling process conducted in 50 Chinese universities. The prevalence of overweight and obesity was 9...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324966/advanced-practice-nursing-in-pediatric-urology-experience-report-in-the-federal-district
#19
Bruna Marcela Lima de Souza, Cristiane Feitosa Salviano, Gisele Martins
OBJECTIVE: To describe the creation and implementation of the extension program Advanced Practice Nursing in Pediatric Urology, developed in the outpatient clinic of a teaching hospital in the Federal District. METHOD: This is an experience report regarding the implementation of an outpatient service aimed at children and adolescents with symptoms of bladder and bowel dysfunction. RESULTS: Because it is an extension program linked to the university, it follows a different model of care, valuing empowerment, informed and shared decision making, which results in a stronger bond between patients, family and the Pediatric Urology nursing team...
January 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324958/enhancing-the-process-of-teaching-and-learning-homecare
#20
Ana Paula Hermann, Maria Ribeiro Lacerda, Jaqueline Dias do Nascimento, Ingrid Meireles Gomes, Débora Cristina Paes Zatoni
OBJECTIVE: to identify possibilities for improvement in the process of teaching and learning homecare in nursing, pharmacy, medicine, nutrition, dentistry and occupational therapy courses. METHOD: qualitative research using the Grounded Theory approach. Sixty-three semi-structured interviews were conducted with students, teachers and graduates of the six mentioned courses at a public university in the south of Brazil. Data analysis was performed through open, axial and selective coding...
January 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
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