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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737848/dental-student-research
#1
Parish P Sedghizadeh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Journal—California Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736240/adduction-of-untested-derived-stimulus-relations-depends-on-environmental-complexity
#2
Sterling M Rippy, Adam H Doughty
The present research assessed adduction involving derived stimulus relations as a function of environmental complexity. In Group CA, four college students were trained with arbitrary-matching-to-sample discriminations that could have established four, 3-member stimulus classes. In Group EA, four other students were trained with discriminations that could have established four, 5-member classes. Neither group received derived-relations testing; instead, adduction was assessed immediately after the baseline discriminations were learned...
July 20, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736148/risk-and-protective-factors-in-the-lives-of-transgender-gender-nonconforming-adolescents
#3
Marla E Eisenberg, Amy L Gower, Barbara J McMorris, G Nicole Rider, Glynis Shea, Eli Coleman
PURPOSE: Research suggests that transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) youth may be at greatly increased risk of high-risk health behaviors compared with cisgender youth, but existing studies are limited by convenience samples and small numbers. This study uses a large school-based sample of adolescents to describe the prevalence of TGNC identity, associations with health risk behaviors and protective factors, and differences across birth-assigned sex. METHODS: This study analyzes existing surveillance data provided by 9th and 11th grade students in Minnesota in 2016 (N = 81,885)...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735606/effects-of-the-self-regulation-empowerment-program-srep-on-middle-school-students-strategic-skills-self-efficacy-and-mathematics-achievement
#4
Timothy J Cleary, Brittany Velardi, Bracha Schnaidman
The current study examined the effectiveness of an applied self-regulated learning intervention (Self-Regulation Empowerment Program (SREP)) relative to an existing, school-based remedial mathematics intervention for improving the motivation, strategic skills, and mathematics achievement of academically at-risk middle school students. Although significant group differences in student self-regulated learning (SRL) were not observed when using self-report questionnaires, medium to large and statistically significant group differences were observed across several contextualized, situation-specific measures of strategic and regulatory thinking...
October 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735038/perceived-academic-benefit-is-associated-with-nonmedical-prescription-stimulant-use-among-college-students
#5
Amelia M Arria, Irene M Geisner, M Dolores Cimini, Jason R Kilmer, Kimberly M Caldeira, Angelica L Barrall, Kathryn B Vincent, Nicole Fossos-Wong, Jih-Cheng Yeh, Isaac Rhew, Christine M Lee, Geetha A Subramaniam, David Liu, Mary E Larimer
INTRODUCTION: College students are at higher than average risk for nonmedical use of prescription stimulants (NPS). A commonly identified motive among students who engage in NPS is to improve grades. Several research studies have observed that NPS most likely does not confer an academic advantage, and is associated with excessive drinking and other drug use. This study documents the proportion of the general college student population who believe that NPS will lead to improvements in academic performance...
July 14, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734489/the-mediating-effect-of-self-reflection-and-learning-effectiveness-on-clinical-nursing-performance-in-nursing-students-a-follow-up-study
#6
Hsiang-Chu Pai, Hui-Ling Ko, Cheng-Joo Eng, Wen-Jiuan Yen
The effectiveness of simulation learning and the effects of anxiety in the simulated situation have been understudied. In addition, research on the association between learning effectiveness and students' clinical care performance in the hospital setting is very limited in Taiwan. The aim of this study is to examine the mediating effect of self-reflection and simulation learning effectiveness on the clinical nursing performance of nursing students. A Prospective, longitudinal, and correlational design was used...
July 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734118/the-perniciousness-of-perfectionism-a-meta-analytic-review-of-the-perfectionism-suicide-relationship
#7
Martin M Smith, Simon B Sherry, Samantha Chen, Donald H Saklofske, Christopher Mushquash, Gordon L Flett, Paul L Hewitt
Over 50 years of research implicates perfectionism in suicide. Yet the role of perfectionism in suicide needs clarification due to notable between-study inconsistencies in findings, underpowered studies, and uncertainty whether perfectionism confers risk for suicide. OBJECTIVE: We addressed this by meta-analyzing perfectionism's relationship with suicide ideation and attempts. We also tested whether self-oriented, other-oriented, and socially prescribed perfectionism predicted increased suicide ideation, beyond baseline ideation...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734094/moving-alcohol-prevention-research-forward-part-i-introducing-a-complex-systems-paradigm
#8
Yorghos Apostolopoulos, Michael K Lemke, Adam E Barry, Kristen Hassmiller Lich
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The drinking environment is a complex system consisting of a number of heterogeneous, evolving, and interacting components, which exhibit circular causality and emergent properties. These characteristics reduce the efficacy of commonly used research approaches, which typically do not account for the underlying dynamic complexity of alcohol consumption and the interdependent nature of diverse factors influencing misuse over time. We use alcohol misuse among college students in the United States as an example for framing our argument for a complex systems paradigm...
July 22, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733936/an-examination-of-the-association-of-multiple-acculturation-measures-with-asthma-status-among-elementary-school-students-in-el-paso-texas
#9
Mónica Siañez, Linda Highfield, Héctor Balcazar, Timothy Collins, Sara Grineski
Some researchers posit that the lower prevalence of asthma among those of Mexican descent may result from an under-diagnosis and recommend a critical appraisal of factors related to race/ethnicity, like acculturation, and its influence on asthma status. Survey data were analyzed using multinomial logistic regression to examine the association of child's asthma status (no wheezing/no asthma symptoms, possible undiagnosed and diagnosed asthma) with measures of acculturation among Hispanic students (n = 1095)...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733302/influences-on-university-students-intention-to-receive-recommended-vaccines-a-cross-sectional-survey
#10
Kate Landowska, Jo Waller, Helen Bedford, Lauren Rockliffe, Alice S Forster
OBJECTIVES: To explore predictors of university students' intention to receive a recommended vaccine and the main sources of vaccine-related information accessed by university students. SETTING: Participants were recruited from University College London (UK) in summer 2015. PARTICIPANTS: 177 university students participated. The majority of participants were female (58%), White (68%) and had no religion (58%). Participants were aged 18 to 42 (mean age=23...
July 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733152/midwifery-student-reactions-to-workplace-violence
#11
Jesse Shapiro, Malcolm J Boyle, Lisa McKenna
PROBLEM: Workplace violence, incidents against people in their workplaces, is a growing problem in Australia causing untold personal suffering as well as costing Australian businesses in productivity. Midwives have been highlighted as a group particularly at risk, yet in Australia there is little research into workplace violence against midwives and even less into midwifery students. AIM: This study aimed to explore Australian midwifery students' responses to workplace violence as well as to gauge the impact of workplace violence on them...
July 18, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733128/dance-for-health-an-intergenerational-program-to-increase-access-to-physical-activity
#12
Krista Schroeder, Sarah J Ratcliffe, Adriana Perez, David Earley, Cory Bowman, Terri H Lipman
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate Dance for Health, an intergenerational program to increase access to physical activity in an underserved, high risk urban community. DESIGN AND METHODS: Dance for Health was developed using community-based participatory research methods and evaluated using an observational study design. The program entailed two hour line dancing sessions delivered by trained dance instructors in the neighborhood recreation center...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732475/associations-between-childhood-overweight-obesity-abdominal-obesity-and-obesogenic-behaviors-and-practices-in-australian-homes
#13
Seema Mihrshahi, Bradley A Drayton, Adrian E Bauman, Louise L Hardy
BACKGROUND: Despite emerging research about the role of the family and home environment on early childhood obesity, little is known on how weight-related behaviors, parent practices and the home environment influence overweight/obesity in older children and adolescents. METHODS: This analysis used data from a cross-sectional, representative population survey of Australian children age 5-16 years conducted in 2015. Data included measured anthropometry to calculate body mass index (BMI; kg/m(2)) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR; waist circumference/height)...
July 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732209/the-effect-of-a-peer-education-program-on-combating-violence-against-women-a-randomized-controlled-study
#14
Özlem C Gürkan, Nuran Kömürcü
BACKGROUND: Student nurses in Turkey need to be exposed to appropriate undergraduate training if they are to acquire the required knowledge, attitudes and skills that will help them to fight the issue of violence against women (VAW). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this research study was to assess the effect of a peer education program about combating VAW on the knowledge, attitudes and skills of nursing students. DESIGN: The study was designed as a randomized controlled trial...
July 12, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732087/a-dissociation-between-engagement-and-learning-enthusiastic-instructions-fail-to-reliably-improve-performance-on-a-memory-task
#15
Benjamin A Motz, Joshua R de Leeuw, Paulo F Carvalho, Kaley L Liang, Robert L Goldstone
Despite widespread assertions that enthusiasm is an important quality of effective teaching, empirical research on the effect of enthusiasm on learning and memory is mixed and largely inconclusive. To help resolve these inconsistencies, we conducted a carefully-controlled laboratory experiment, investigating whether enthusiastic instructions for a memory task would improve recall accuracy. Scripted videos, either enthusiastic or neutral, were used to manipulate the delivery of task instructions. We also manipulated the sequence of learning items, replicating the spacing effect, a known cognitive technique for memory improvement...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730077/proteomic-profiling-of-early-degenerative-retina-of-rcs-rats
#16
Zhi-Hong Zhu, Yan Fu, Chuan-Huang Weng, Cong-Jian Zhao, Zheng-Qin Yin
AIM: To identify the underlying cellular and molecular changes in retinitis pigmentosa (RP). METHODS: Label-free quantification-based proteomics analysis, with its advantages of being more economic and consisting of simpler procedures, has been used with increasing frequency in modern biological research. Dystrophic RCS rats, the first laboratory animal model for the study of RP, possess a similar pathological course as human beings with the diseases. Thus, we employed a comparative proteomics analysis approach for in-depth proteome profiling of retinas from dystrophic RCS rats and non-dystrophic congenic controls through Linear Trap Quadrupole - orbitrap MS/MS, to identify the significant differentially expressed proteins (DEPs)...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730064/access-to-curriculum-for-students-with-disabilities-at-higher-education-institutions-how-does-the-national-university-of-lesotho-fare
#17
Paseka A Mosia, Nareadi Phasha
BACKGROUND: Creating access to curricula at institutions of higher education for students with disabilities requires a concerted effort from management and other key stakeholders to identify students' needs and create opportunities for success. OBJECTIVES: This paper presents the findings of a study which examined students with disabilities' access to curricula at a higher education institution in Lesotho. METHOD: Data for this qualitative study were collected using three methods: in-depth interviews, focus group discussions and document analysis...
2017: Afr J Disabil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729414/methods-of-academic-course-planning-for-cancer-biology-ph-d-students-to-enhance-knowledge-of-clinical-oncology
#18
Malcolm D Mattes, Elizabeth Swart, Steven M Markwell, Sijin Wen, Linda C Vona-Davis
Little is known about how clinical oncology concepts are taught to Ph.D. students or the most effective methods of doing so. In this study, electronic surveys were sent to faculty and students at Ph.D. training programs, assessing their institution's methods of clinical oncology education and their perspective on optimal approaches to clinical oncology education. Only 40.0% of students reported any clinical oncology component to their institution's training, and only 26.5% had a clinician on their graduate advisory committee...
July 20, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728633/drinking-status-between-ages-50-and-55-for-men-from-the-san-diego-prospective-study-who-developed-dsm-iv-alcohol-abuse-or-dependence-in-prior-follow-ups
#19
Priscila Dib Gonçalves, Marc A Schuckit, Tom L Smith
OBJECTIVE: Although alcohol use disorders (AUDs) are prevalent among older individuals, few studies have examined the course and predictors of AUDs from their onset into the person's 50s. This study describes the AUD course from ages 50 to 55 in participants who developed AUDs according to criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV), during the San Diego Prospective Study (SDPS). METHOD: Among the 397 university students in the SDPS who were followed about every 5 years from age 20 (before AUD onset), 165 developed AUDs, 156 of whom were interviewed at age 55...
July 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728513/ingratiation-attempts-in-real-life-determinants-of-their-success
#20
Helmut Lamm
A total of 272 students at a German university were asked to write down the story of an ingratiation attempt they had made and one they had received. They were then asked to reflect on each episode via a questionnaire. All but one participant reported that they had performed at least one of the four tactics postulated in Jones's ingratiation theory: compliments, favor-doing, opinion conformity, and positive self-presentation. In the case of received ingratiation, we found higher success ratings for nondependent (vs...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
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