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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647679/factors-impacting-on-psychological-wellbeing-of-international-students-in-the-health-professions-a-scoping-review
#1
REVIEW
Lisa McKenna, Eddie Robinson, Joy Penman, Danny Hills
BACKGROUND: There are increasing numbers of international students undertaking health professional courses, particularly in Western countries. These courses not only expose students to the usual stresses and strains of academic learning, but also require students to undertake clinical placements and practice-based learning. While much is known about general issues facing international students, less is known about factors that impact on those studying in the health professions. OBJECTIVES: To explore what is known about factors that influence the psychological wellbeing of international students in the health professions...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646972/effectiveness-evaluation-of-the-positive-family-support-intervention-a-three-tiered-public-health-delivery-model-for-middle-schools
#2
Keith Smolkowski, John R Seeley, Jeffery M Gau, Tom J Dishion, Elizabeth A Stormshak, Kevin J Moore, Corrina A Falkenstein, Gregory M Fosco, S Andrew Garbacz
This article presents the results of an evaluation of Positive Family Support, an ecological family intervention and treatment approach to parent supports and family management training developed from a history of basic and translational research. This effectiveness trial, with 41 public middle schools randomly assigned to intervention or control, examined student-, teacher-, and parent-reported outcomes, as well as math and reading scores and school attendance. Multilevel analyses suggested that for students at risk for behavior problems, immediate-intervention schools outperformed control schools on parent-reported negative school contacts for students at risk for behavior problems...
June 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646810/synergistic-anti-breast-cancer-effects-of-combined-treatment-with-oleuropein-and-doxorubicin-in-vivo
#3
Maha H Elamin, Abdelsalam B Elmahi, Maha H Daghestani, Ebtesam M Al-Olayan, Reem A Al-Ajmi, Afrah F Alkhuriji, Sherifa S Hamed, Manal F Elkhadragy
Context • Breast cancer is a leading cause of cancer fatalities among women worldwide. Of the more than 80% of patients who receive adjuvant chemotherapy, approximately 40% relapse. The majority of these patients die of disseminated metastatic disease, which emphasizes the need for new therapeutic strategies Objective • The study intended to investigate the anticancer effects of oleuropein (OL) and doxorubicin (DOX) individually and in combination on breast tumor xenografts and also to evaluate the molecular pathways involved...
June 23, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646707/use-of-research-in-undergraduate-nursing-students-theses-a-mixed-methods-study
#4
Anita Nordsteien, May-Elin T Horntvedt, Jonn Syse
BACKGROUND: Health care personnel are expected to be familiar with evidence-based practice (EBP). Asking clinical questions, conducting systematic literature searches and conducting critical appraisal of research findings have been some of the barriers to EBP. To improve undergraduate nurses' research skills, a collaborative library-faculty teaching intervention was established in 2012. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate how the collaborative library-faculty teaching intervention affected the nursing students' research skills when writing their final theses...
June 10, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646680/the-experiences-of-supporting-learning-in-pairs-of-nursing-students-in-clinical-practice
#5
Hanna Holst, Lise-Lotte Ozolins, David Brunt, Ulrica Hörberg
The purpose of this study is to describe how supervisors experience supporting nursing students' learning in pairs on a Developing and Learning Care Unit in Sweden. The present study has been carried out with a Reflective Lifeworld Research (RLR) approach founded on phenomenology. A total of 25 lifeworld interviews were conducted with supervisors who had supervised pairs of students. The findings reveal how supervisors support students' learning in pairs through a reflective approach creating learning space in the encounter with patients, students and supervisors...
June 9, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645974/assessing-medical-student-knowledge-and-attitudes-about-shared-decision-making-across-the-curriculum-protocol-for-an-international-online-survey-and-stakeholder-analysis
#6
Marie-Anne Durand, Renata Yen, Paul J Barr, Nan Cochran, Johanna Aarts, France Légaré, Malcolm Reed, A James O'Malley, Peter Scalia, Geneviève Painchaud Guérard, Glyn Elwyn
INTRODUCTION: Shared decision making (SDM) is a goal of modern medicine; however, it is not currently embedded in routine care. Barriers include clinicians’ attitudes, lack of knowledge and training and time constraints. Our goal is to support the development and delivery of a robust SDM curriculum in medical education. Our objective is to assess undergraduate medical students’ knowledge of and attitudes towards SDM in four countries. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The first phase of the study involves a web-based cross-sectional survey of undergraduate medical students from all years in selected schools across the United States (US), Canada and undergraduate and graduate students in the Netherlands...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645953/effect-of-two-additional-interventions-test-and-reflection-added-to-standard-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-training-on-seventh-grade-students-practical-skills-and-willingness-to-act-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#7
Anette Nord, Håkan Hult, Susanne Kreitz-Sandberg, Johan Herlitz, Leif Svensson, Lennart Nilsson
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this research is to investigate if two additional interventions, test and reflection, after standard cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training facilitate learning by comparing 13-year-old students' practical skills and willingness to act. SETTINGS: Seventh grade students in council schools of two municipalities in south-east Sweden. DESIGN: School classes were randomised to CPR training only (O), CPR training with a practical test including feedback (T) or CPR training with reflection and a practical test including feedback (RT)...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645440/the-pediatric-medical-student-research-forum-fostering-interest-in-pediatric-research
#8
EDITORIAL
Scott A Rivkees, Maria Kelly, Maya Lodish, Debra Weiner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645212/google-searches-for-cheap-cigarettes-spike-at-tax-increases-evidence-from-an-algorithm-to-detect-spikes-in-time-series-data
#9
Theodore L Caputi
Introduction: Online cigarette dealers have lower prices than brick-and-mortar retailers and advertise tax-free status 1-8. Previous studies show smokers search out these online alternatives at the time of a cigarette tax increase 9-10. However, these studies rely upon researchers' decision to consider a specific date and preclude the possibility that researchers focus on the wrong date. The purpose of this study is to introduce an unbiased methodology to the field of observing search patterns and to use this methodology to determine whether smokers search Google for "cheap cigarettes" at cigarette tax increases and, if so, whether the increased level of searches persists...
June 22, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644780/avoiding-racial-essentialism-in-medical-science-curricula
#10
Lundy Braun, Barry Saunders
A wave of medical student activism is shining a spotlight on medical educators' sometimes maladroit handling of racial categories in teaching about health disparities. Coinciding with recent critiques, primarily by social scientists, regarding the imprecise and inappropriate use of race as a biological or epidemiological risk factor in genetics research, medical student activism has triggered new collaborations among students, faculty, and administrators to rethink how race is addressed in the medical curriculum...
June 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644703/the-relation-of-protective-factors-to-deliberate-self-harm-among-african-american-adults-moderating-roles-of-gender-and-sexual-orientation-identity
#11
Lindsey T Davis, Nicole H Weiss, Matthew T Tull, Kim L Gratz
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined correlates of deliberate self-harm (DSH) among African-Americans. Moreover, most research on the correlates of DSH in general has focused on risk factors rather than protective factors. AIMS: This study examined differences in perceived social support, religiosity (both spirituality and church attendance) and overall life satisfaction between African-Americans with and without a history of DSH, as well as the moderating roles of gender and sexual orientation in these relations...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644679/success-of-university-student-volunteers-in-obtaining-consent-for-reviewing-private-health-information-for-emergency-research
#12
Adam I Kramer, Elizabeth Stephenson, Adam Betel, Johanna Crudden, Kathy Boutis
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the success of university student volunteers in obtaining consent from parents to allow review of their child's personal health information (PHI) for emergency research screening. This study also aimed to examine the variables associated with successful consent. METHODS: This was a prospective cross-sectional study conducted at a pediatric emergency department (ED). University students, who functioned as delegates of the health information custodian, approached parents for consent...
June 23, 2017: Accountability in Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644159/investigation-of-the-rosenbaum-concussion-knowledge-and-attitudes-survey-in-collegiate-athletes
#13
Erin B Chapman, Alan Nasypany, Jim May, Timothy Henry, Chris Hummel, Hyung-Pil Jun
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to determine whether the Rosenbaum Concussion Knowledge and Attitudes Survey (RoCKAS) is an appropriate outcome measure to assess knowledge and attitudes toward concussion in collegiate student-athletes as determined through validity and reliability testing. STUDY DESIGN: Convenience study. SETTING: The researcher recruited all athletic teams at a Division III National Collegiate Athletic Association institution...
June 14, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643211/do-energy-drink-consumers-study-more
#14
Leslie W Oglesby, Kristina A Amrani, Christopher J Wynveen, Andrew R Gallucci
The use and motivations for use of energy drinks (EDs) in college students has been documented in the literature. Many college students identify academic reasons, such as a need to study more, as a motivation for ED use. However, research has not determined if users who claim academic motivations actually study more than those who claim other motivations. A sample of 692 undergraduate students at a large, private university completed a paper survey that inquired about demographics, ED use, motivations for ED use, sleep quality, and average amount of time spent sleeping and studying per week...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642722/revision-of-audit-consumption-items-to-improve-the-screening-of-youth-binge-drinking
#15
María-Teresa Cortés-Tomás, José-Antonio Giménez-Costa, Patricia Motos-Sellés, María-Dolores Sancerni-Beitia
This study analyzes the appropriateness of an improved version of one of the most frequently used instruments for the screening of high-risk alcohol consumption. This adaptation was created in accordance with certain limitations recognized by other researchers and in an attempt to adjust the content and scales of some items to a more consensual definition of binge drinking. After revising items 2 and 3, the areas under the ROC curves of the AUDIT and of different abbreviated versions were calculated. A total of 906 minors (468 females) between the ages of 15 and 17 were evaluated...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642721/simulation-theory-applied-to-direct-systematic-observation
#16
Rumen Manolov, José L Losada
Observational studies entail making several decisions before data collection, such as the observational design to use, the sampling of sessions within the observational period, the need for time sampling within the observation sessions, as well as the observation recording procedures to use. The focus of the present article is on observational recording procedures different from continuous recording (i.e., momentary time sampling, partial and whole interval recording). The main aim is to develop an online software application, constructed using R and the Shiny package, on the basis of simulations using the alternating renewal process (a model implemented in the ARPobservation package)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641541/-stress-is-80-years-old-from-hans-selye-original-paper-in-1936-to-recent-advances-in-gi-ulceration
#17
Sandor Szabo, Masashi Yoshida, Janos Filakovszky, Gyorgy Juhasz
The first scientific publication on 'general adaption syndrome', or as we know today 'biologic stress' has been published in Nature in 1936 by the 29-year old Hans Selye. His results in that short publication that contained no references or illustrations, were based on experiments in rats that were exposed to severe insults/stressors, but his idea about a 'nonspecific bodily response' originated from his observations of sick patients whom he had seen as a medical students and young clinician. Autopsy of stressed rats revealed three major, grossly visible changes: hyperemia and enlargement of the adrenals, atrophy of the thymus and lymph nodes as well as hemorrhagic gastric erosions/ulcers (the "stress triad")...
June 22, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641502/ordering-theories-typologies-and-conceptual-frameworks-for-sociotechnical-change
#18
Benjamin K Sovacool, David J Hess
What theories or concepts are most useful at explaining socio technical change? How can - or cannot - these be integrated? To provide an answer, this study presents the results from 35 semi-structured research interviews with social science experts who also shared more than two hundred articles, reports and books on the topic of the acceptance, adoption, use, or diffusion of technology. This material led to the identification of 96 theories and conceptual approaches spanning 22 identified disciplines. The article begins by explaining its research terms and methods before honing in on a combination of fourteen theories deemed most relevant and useful by the material...
June 1, 2017: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639981/increasing-nursing-students-knowledge-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-by-using-a-standardized-patient
#19
Constance E McIntosh, Cynthia M Thomas, Susan Wilczynski, David E McIntosh
Nursing students participated in a simulation using a standardized patient role-playing an adolescent with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The researchers used student feedback to develop and improve a simulation aimed at increasing learner skills and knowledge for treating ASD patients. Students indicated that the standardized patient provided realism not obtained when using static manikins or high-fidelity simulators. Students strongly agreed or agreed that classroom instruction prior to the simulation was important to increasing their knowledge of ASD...
June 20, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639941/promoting-international-collaboration-and-creativity-in-doctoral-students
#20
Christopher M Groen, Cormac McGrath, Katherine A Campbell, Cecilia Götherström, Anthony J Windebank, Natalia Landázuri
Staff from the Mayo Clinic in the US and the Karolinska Institute in Sweden describe a joint transatlantic course intended to broaden the horizons of the next generation of researchers in the field of regenerative medicine.
June 22, 2017: ELife
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