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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926808/evaluation-of-communication-and-acceptance-of-the-patients-by-medical-personnel
#1
Anna Włoszczak-Szubzda, Mirosław J Jarosz, Mariusz Goniewicz, Krzysztof Goniewicz
Background: The low level of patient satisfaction recorded in many studies and, at the same time, the level of frustration and burnout, disclosed by medics in the perception of the patient as a ‘problem’, incline to look for the causes of inadequate relationship between physician and patient. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the level of acceptance of the patient by the medical personnel. The research problem was the acceptance level which was within the range of the communication skills of the nurses and doctors...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925798/excessive-time-on-social-networking-sites-and-disordered-eating-behaviors-among-undergraduate-students-appearance-and-weight-esteem-as-mediating-pathways
#2
Marisa Murray, Danijela Maras, Gary S Goldfield
Social networking sites (SNS) are a popular form of communication among undergraduate students. Body image concerns and disordered eating behaviors are also quite prevalent among this population. Maladaptive use of SNS has been associated with disordered eating behaviors; however, the mechanisms remain unclear. The present study examined if body image concerns (e.g., appearance and weight esteem) mediate the relationship between excessive time spent on SNS and disordered eating behaviors (restrained and emotional eating)...
December 2016: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925681/measuring-medical-students-motivation-to-learning-anatomy-by-cadaveric-dissection
#3
Eiman M Abdel Meguid, Mohammed K Khalil
Motivation and learning are inter-related. It is well known that motivating learners is clearly a complex endeavor, which can be influenced by the educational program and the learning environment. Limited research has been conducted to examine students' motivation as a method to assess the effectiveness of dissection in medical education. This study aimed to assess and analyze students' motivation following their dissection experience. A 29-item survey was developed based on the Attention, Relevance, Confidence, and Satisfaction model of motivation...
December 7, 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925371/effective-visual-design-and-communication-practices-for-research-posters-exemplars-based-on-the-theory-and-practice-of-multimedia-learning-and-rhetoric
#4
Rhianna K Pedwell, James A Hardy, Susan L Rowland
Evidence shows that science graduates often do not have the communication skills they need to meet workplace standards and expectations. One common mode of science communication is the poster. In a review of the literature we show that poster design is historically problematic, and that the guidance provided to students as they create posters for assessment is frequently inconsistent. To address this inconsistency we provide some guiding design principles for posters that are grounded in communication theory and the fundamentals of rhetoric...
December 7, 2016: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925361/implicit-alcohol-attitudes-predict-drinking-behaviour-over-and-above-intentions-and-willingness-in-young-adults-but-willingness-is-more-important-in-adolescents-implications-for-the-prototype-willingness-model
#5
Emma L Davies, Aspasia E Paltoglou, David R Foxcroft
OBJECTIVES: Dual process models, such as the Prototype Willingness Model (PWM), propose to account for both intentional and reactive drinking behaviour. Current methods of measuring constructs in the PWM rely on self-report, thus require a level of conscious deliberation. Implicit measures of attitudes may overcome this limitation and contribute to our understanding of how prototypes and willingness influence alcohol consumption in young people. This study aimed to explore whether implicit alcohol attitudes were related to PWM constructs and whether they would add to the prediction of risky drinking...
December 7, 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925220/relationship-between-inner-dialog-and-ideas-of-reference-and-the-mediating-role-of-dissociation
#6
Gloria Bellido-Zanin, Salvador Perona-Garcelán, Cristina Senín-Calderón, Ana María López-Jiménez, Juan Francisco Rodríguez-Testal
Recent lines of research have begun to concentrate on internal dialogue and its relationship to a diversity of psychopathological phenomena present in psychotic disorders. This study was intended as a preliminary exploration of the relationship of internal dialogue, dissociation and ideas of reference. To do this, a sample of 318 students filled in an internal dialogue scale (the VISQ, McCarthy-Jones & Fernyhough), one for dissociation (DES-II, Carlson & Putnam) and another for ideas of reference (REF, Lenzenweger, Bennett & Lilenfeld)...
December 7, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925123/-conflict-of-interest-in-the-training-and-practices-of-nutritionists-regulation-is-necessary
#7
Tatiane Nunes Pereira, Fabiana Alves do Nascimento, Daniel Henrique Bandoni
Transnational "Big Food" companies use advertising strategies to influence nutritionists, professors and students of nutrition. There are, however, conflicts of interest in this relationship. The scope of this study is to conduct a narrative review on the influence of the food industry in training in nutrition. It was revealed that industries seek to induce the recommendation, the prescription and the consumption of products by students and nutritionists through strategies such as sponsorship of scientific meetings, travel funding and the distribution of promotional gifts...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925045/interest-in-research-among-medical-students-challenges-for-the-undergraduate-education
#8
David William Moraes, Maitê Jotz, Willian Roberto Menegazzo, Michele Sabrina Menegazzo, Steffi Veloso, Mayara Christ Machry, Monise Costanzi, Lucia Campos Pellanda
Introduction: In recent decades, there has been a reduction in the number of graduates from medical schools who choose to pursue a career in scientific research. That has an impact on the profile of graduates, since medical education depends on understanding the formation of scientific evidence. The construction of new knowledge is also hampered by the reduction of medical scientists, whose clinical experience with patients provides an essential step towards medical Science evolution...
October 2016: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924981/hts-ftir-spectroscopy-allows-the-classification-of-polyphenols-according-to-their-differential-effects-on-the-mda-mb-231-breast-cancer-cell-line
#9
A Mignolet, V Mathieu, E Goormaghtigh
Breast cancer is a major public health issue among women in the world. Meanwhile new anticancer treatments struggle more and more to be accepted in the pharmaceutical market and research costs still increase. There is therefore a need to find new treatments and new screening methods to test them more quickly and efficiently. Among natural compounds, an increasing interest has been given to polyphenols as they can take action at the different stages of carcinogenesis, from tumour initiation to metastasis formation, by disturbing multiple cellular signalling pathways...
December 7, 2016: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923442/bullying-and-defending-behavior-the-role-of-explicit-and-implicit-moral-cognition
#10
Tiziana Pozzoli, Gianluca Gini, Robert Thornberg
Research on bullying has highlighted the role of morality in explaining the different behavior of students during bullying episodes. However, the research has been limited to the analysis of explicit measures of moral characteristics and moral reasoning, whereas implicit measures have yet to be fully considered. To overcome this limitation, this study investigated the association between bullying and defending, on one hand, and both explicit (moral disengagement, self-importance of moral values) and implicit (immediate affect toward moral stimuli [IAMS]) moral components, on the other hand...
December 2016: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923439/repeated-versus-wide-reading-a-randomized-control-design-study-examining-the-impact-of-fluency-interventions-on-underlying-reading-behavior
#11
Scott P Ardoin, Katherine S Binder, Tori E Foster, Andrea M Zawoyski
Repeated readings (RR) has garnered much attention as an evidence based intervention designed to improve all components of reading fluency (rate, accuracy, prosody, and comprehension). Despite this attention, there is not an abundance of research comparing its effectiveness to other potential interventions. The current study presents the findings from a randomized control trial study involving the assignment of 168second grade students to a RR, wide reading (WR), or business as usual condition. Intervention students were provided with 9-10weeks of intervention with sessions occurring four times per week...
December 2016: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923368/what-do-beginning-students-in-a-rurally-focused-medical-course-think-about-rural-practice
#12
Louise Young, Daniel B Lindsay, Robin A Ray
BACKGROUND: Medical schools may select students for their attitudes towards rural medical practice, yet the rural-urban disparity in availability of medical practitioners and services has not diminished in recent times despite government initiatives and increasing numbers being trained for a career in medicine. One medical school, with a focus on rural and remote medicine, aims to select students with positive perceptions for rural medical practice. A research project collected data on the perceptions of these medical students in the first week of their medical studies...
December 7, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923091/association-between-learning-environment-interventions-and-medical-student-well-being-a-systematic-review
#13
Lauren T Wasson, Amberle Cusmano, Laura Meli, Irene Louh, Louise Falzon, Meghan Hampsey, Geoffrey Young, Jonathan Shaffer, Karina W Davidson
Importance: Concerns exist about the current quality of undergraduate medical education and its effect on students' well-being. Objective: To identify best practices for undergraduate medical education learning environment interventions that are associated with improved emotional well-being of students. Data Sources: Learning environment interventions were identified by searching the biomedical electronic databases Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, and ERIC from database inception dates to October 2016...
December 6, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923088/prevalence-of-depression-depressive-symptoms-and-suicidal-ideation-among-medical-students-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Lisa S Rotenstein, Marco A Ramos, Matthew Torre, J Bradley Segal, Michael J Peluso, Constance Guille, Srijan Sen, Douglas A Mata
Importance: Medical students are at high risk for depression and suicidal ideation. However, the prevalence estimates of these disorders vary between studies. Objective: To estimate the prevalence of depression, depressive symptoms, and suicidal ideation in medical students. Data Sources and Study Selection: Systematic search of EMBASE, ERIC, MEDLINE, psycARTICLES, and psycINFO without language restriction for studies on the prevalence of depression, depressive symptoms, or suicidal ideation in medical students published before September 17, 2016...
December 6, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922727/measuring-learning-gain-comparing-anatomy-drawing-screencasts-and-paper-based-resources
#15
James D Pickering
The use of technology-enhanced learning (TEL) resources is now a common tool across a variety of healthcare programs. Despite this popular approach to curriculum delivery there remains a paucity in empirical evidence that quantifies the change in learning gain. The aim of the study was to measure the changes in learning gain observed with anatomy drawing screencasts in comparison to a traditional paper-based resource. Learning gain is a widely used term to describe the tangible changes in learning outcomes that have been achieved after a specific intervention...
December 6, 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922220/implementation-of-a-text-based-content-intervention-in-secondary-social-studies-classes
#16
Jeanne Wanzek, Sharon Vaughn
We describe teacher fidelity (adherence to the components of the treatment as specified by the research team) based on a series of studies of a multicomponent intervention, Promoting Acceleration of Comprehension and Content Through Text (PACT), with middle and high school social studies teachers and their students. Findings reveal that even with highly specified materials and implementing practices that are aligned with effective reading comprehension and content instruction, teachers' fidelity was consistently low for some components and high for others...
December 2016: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922218/improving-professional-development-to-enhance-reading-outcomes-for-students-in-special-education
#17
Christopher J Lemons, Stephanie Al Otaiba, Sheila J Conway, Veronica Mellado De La Cruz
The purpose of this article is to focus specifically on professional development that is needed to ensure that preservice and in-service teachers are prepared to deliver intensive intervention to enhance reading outcomes of students in special education. Our aim is to provide recommendations to ensure that special educators are prepared to design and implement data-based individualization in the area of reading. We highlight what special educators need to know to implement data-based individualization and provide recommendations for improving professional development using findings from federally funded projects...
December 2016: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922217/commentary-learning-from-variations-in-fidelity-of-implementation
#18
Rekha Balu, Fred Doolittle
The articles in this special issue discuss efforts to improve academic reading outcomes for students and ways to achieve high implementation fidelity of promising strategies. At times the authors discuss if-and how-strong fidelity is associated with strong outcomes and potentially even impacts (the difference between program and control group outcomes). We want to explore this theme in two ways: (a) learning from the variation in fidelity to think about potential points of entry and levers for improvement in implementation, and (b) broadening the evaluation focus to include "service contrast" as a factor driving impacts on student outcomes...
December 2016: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922216/seven-elements-important-to-successful-implementation-of-early-literacy-intervention
#19
Barbara Foorman, Jennifer Dombek, Kevin Smith
The objective of this article is to describe seven elements important to successful implementation of early literacy intervention. The seven elements are drawn from research as well as from the authors' recent randomized controlled trial of effective early literacy interventions in kindergarten through second grade in 55 schools across Florida. The seven elements are (a) the importance of researcher-practitioner partnerships; (b) determining the need for early intervention; (c) assessment selection and data use; (d) evaluating curriculum and instructional materials for use in early intervention; (e) scheduling time for intervention; (f) selecting, training, and supporting interventionists; and (g) locating space and maintaining open communications among interventionists, teachers, and parents...
December 2016: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922178/lessons-from-the-homeless-civil-and-uncivil-interactions-with-nurses-self-care-behaviors-and-barriers-to-care
#20
Wendy M Woith, Cindy Kerber, Kim S Astroth, Sheryl H Jenkins
BACKGROUND: Civility, rooted in social justice, is a fundamental value of nursing. Homeless people are particularly at risk for experiencing uncivil behavior from nurses. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore homeless people's perceptions of their interactions with nurses. METHOD: In this descriptive, qualitative study, we interviewed 15 homeless adults who described their experiences with nurses. The interview guide, developed by the researchers, consisted of open-ended questions and probes...
December 6, 2016: Nursing Forum
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