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Inertial sensors

Ahmad Audi, Marc Pierrot-Deseilligny, Christophe Meynard, Christian Thom
Images acquired with a long exposure time using a camera embedded on UAVs (Unmanned Aerial Vehicles) exhibit motion blur due to the erratic movements of the UAV. The aim of the present work is to be able to acquire several images with a short exposure time and use an image processing algorithm to produce a stacked image with an equivalent long exposure time. Our method is based on the feature point image registration technique. The algorithm is implemented on the light-weight IGN (Institut national de l'information géographique) camera, which has an IMU (Inertial Measurement Unit) sensor and an SoC (System on Chip)/FPGA (Field-Programmable Gate Array)...
July 18, 2017: Sensors
Kramay Patel, Matija Milosevic, Kimitaka Nakazawa, Milos R Popovic, Kei Masani
Trunk instability is a major problem for individuals with thoracic and cervical spinal cord injury. Functional electrical stimulation (FES) neuroprosthesis, a technology that uses small electrical currents to artificially contract muscles, has previously been utilized to improve trunk stability during quasistatic and dynamic sitting. The aim of this study was to develop the first powered wheelchair-based neuroprosthesis and to test its feasibility for improving trunk stability. Eleven male, able-bodied individuals participated in the feasibility study...
July 14, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
Giovanni Capellari, Francesco Caimmi, Matteo Bruggi, Stefano Mariani
A topology optimization approach has been recently proposed to maximize the sensitivity to damage of measurements, collected through a network of sensors to be deployed over thin plates for structural health monitoring purposes. Within such a frame, damage is meant as a change in the structural health characterized by a reduction of relevant stiffness and load-carrying properties. The sensitivity to a damage of unknown amplitude and location is computed by comparing the response to the external actions of the healthy structure and of a set of auxiliary damaged structures, each one featuring reduced mechanical properties in a small region only...
July 15, 2017: Sensors
Minsu Song, Jonghyun Kim
GOAL: For healthcare and clinical use, ambulatory gait monitoring systems using inertial sensors have been developed to estimate the user gait parameters, such as walking speed, stride time, and stride length. However, to adapt the systems effectively to daily-life activities, they need to be able to classify the gait activities of daily-life to obtain the parameters for each activity. In this study, we propose a simple classification algorithm based on a single inertial sensor for ease of use, which classifies three major gait activities: leveled walk, ramp walk, and stair walk...
July 12, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
Mona Hoerdemann, Rachael L Smith, Giselle Hosgood
OBJECTIVE: To establish and compare the onset and duration of action of 2 local anesthetics based on objective lameness and skin sensitivity assessment. STUDY DESIGN: Interventional crossover experimental trial with balanced randomization. ANIMALS: Eight horses. METHODS: Reversible forelimb lameness was induced in 8 horses. A palmar digital nerve block (PDNB) was applied with mepivacaine or lidocaine (both 2%). Quantitative lameness and skin sensitivity data were collected with an inertial sensor system and a force gauge, respectively...
July 13, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
L Greve, S Dyson, T Pfau
Lameness, thoracolumbosacral pain and reduced range of motion (ROM) often coexist; better understanding of their relationship is needed. The objectives were to determine if thoracolumbosacral movement of horses changes when pain causing lameness is improved by diagnostic analgesia. We hypothesised that reduction of lameness will increase ROM of the thoracolumbosacral region. Thirteen horses with different types of hind limb lameness were trotted in straight lines and lunged on a 10m diameter circle on left and right reins before and after lameness was subjectively substantially improved by diagnostic analgesia...
June 2017: Veterinary Journal
Agamemnon Krasoulis, Iris Kyranou, Mustapha Suphi Erden, Kianoush Nazarpour, Sethu Vijayakumar
BACKGROUND: Myoelectric pattern recognition systems can decode movement intention to drive upper-limb prostheses. Despite recent advances in academic research, the commercial adoption of such systems remains low. This limitation is mainly due to the lack of classification robustness and a simultaneous requirement for a large number of electromyogram (EMG) electrodes. We propose to address these two issues by using a multi-modal approach which combines surface electromyography (sEMG) with inertial measurements (IMs) and an appropriate training data collection paradigm...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
Gauravkumar K Patel, Janne Mathias Hahne, Claudio Castellini, Dario Farina, Strahinja Dosen
OBJECTIVE: Dexterous upper-limb prostheses are available today to restore grasping, but an effective and reliable feed-forward control is still missing. The aim of this work was to improve the robustness and reliability of myoelectric control by using context information from sensors embedded within the prosthesis. APPROACH: We developed a context-driven myoelectric control scheme (cxMYO) that incorporates the inference of context information from proprioception (inertial measurement unit) and exteroception (force and grip aperture) sensors to modulate the outputs of myoelectric control...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Neural Engineering
Vladimir Borisov, Gina Sprint, Diane J Cook, Douglas L Weeks
Restoration of functional independence in gait and vehicle transfer ability is a common goal of inpatient rehabilitation. Currently, ambulation changes tend to be subjectively assessed. To investigate more precise objective assessment of progress in inpatient rehabilitation, we quantitatively assessed gait and transfer performances over the course of rehabilitation with wearable inertial sensors for 20 patients receiving inpatient rehabilitation services. Secondarily, we asked physical therapists to provide feedback about the clinical utility of metrics derived from the sensors...
March 2017: Proc IEEE Int Conf Pervasive Comput Commun Workshops
Davide Malatesta, Mosè Canepa, Aitor Menendez Fernandez
PURPOSE: Preferred walking speed (PWS) represents a performance measure of mobility in older individuals. PWS is usually assessed during overground (via a 2-40 m walkway) or treadmill walking in older adults. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of treadmill and overground walking on preferred walking speed, spatiotemporal parameters and foot kinematics in healthy, physically active older and young adults after adequate treadmill familiarization. METHODS: PWS and spatiotemporal parameters were assessed during overground (PWSO) and treadmill (PWST) walking using two wearable inertial sensor systems and were compared between 25 older (72...
July 7, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
Shogo Misu, Tsuyoshi Asai, Rei Ono, Ryuichi Sawa, Kota Tsutsumimoto, Hiroshi Ando, Takehiko Doi
The heel is likely a suitable location to which inertial sensors are attached for the detection of gait events. However, there are few studies to detect gait events and determine temporal gait parameters using sensors attached to the heels. We developed two methods to determine temporal gait parameters: detecting heel-contact using acceleration and detecting toe-off using angular velocity data (acceleration-angular velocity method; A-V method), and detecting both heel-contact and toe-off using angular velocity data (angular velocity-angular velocity method; V-V method)...
June 23, 2017: Gait & Posture
Igor Setuain, Pablo Lecumberri, Juha P Ahtiainen, Antti A Mero, Keijo Häkkinen, Mikel Izquierdo
Advances in micro-electromechanical systems have turned magnetic inertial measurement units (MIMUs) into a suitable tool for vertical jumping biomechanical evaluation. Thus, the presented study aimed to determine if appropriate reliability and agreement reports could also be obtained when analysing 20m sprint mechanics. Four bouts of 20 m sprints were evaluated to determine if the data provided by a MIMU placed at the lumbar spine could reliably assess sprint mechanics and to examine the validity of the MIMU sensor compared to force plate recordings...
July 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Liesbet De Baets, Rob van der Straaten, Thomas Matheve, Annick Timmermans
This review investigates current protocols using Inertial Measurement Units (IMUs) in shoulder research, and outlines future paths regarding IMU use for shoulder research. Different databases were searched for relevant articles. Criteria for study selection were (1) research in healthy persons or persons with shoulder problems, (2) IMUs applied as assessment tool for the shoulder (in healthy subjects and shoulder patients) or upper limb (in shoulder patients), (3) peer-reviewed, full-text papers in English or Dutch...
June 27, 2017: Gait & Posture
Bor-Shing Lin, Pei-Chi Hsiao, Shu-Yu Yang, Che-Shih Su, I-Jung Lee
This study proposes a data glove system integrated with six-axis inertial measurement unit sensors for evaluating the hand function of patients who have suffered a stroke. The modular design of this data glove facilitates its use for stroke patients. The proposed system can use the hand's accelerations, angular velocities, and joint angles as calculated by a quaternion algorithm, to help physicians gain new insights into rehabilitation treatments. A clinical experiment was performed on 15 healthy subjects and 15 stroke patients whose Brunnstrom stages (BSs) ranged from 4 to 6...
June 27, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
Stefano Bertuletti, Andrea Cereatti, Daniele Comotti, Michele Caldara, Ugo Della Croce
Magneto-inertial measurement units (MIMU) are a suitable solution to assess human motor performance both indoors and outdoors. However, relevant quantities such as step width and base of support, which play an important role in gait stability, cannot be directly measured using MIMU alone. To overcome this limitation, we developed a wearable platform specifically designed for human movement analysis applications, which integrates a MIMU and an Infrared Time-of-Flight proximity sensor (IR-ToF), allowing for the estimate of inter-object distance...
June 24, 2017: Sensors
Estefania Munoz Diaz, Maria Caamano, Francisco Javier Fuentes Sánchez
The navigation of pedestrians based on inertial sensors, i.e., accelerometers and gyroscopes, has experienced a great growth over the last years. However, the noise of medium- and low-cost sensors causes a high error in the orientation estimation, particularly in the yaw angle. This error, called drift, is due to the bias of the z-axis gyroscope and other slow changing errors, such as temperature variations. We propose a seamless landmark-based drift compensation algorithm that only uses inertial measurements...
July 3, 2017: Sensors
Kenji Tanimoto, Makoto Takahashi, Kazuki Tokuda, Tomonori Sawada, Masaya Anan, Koichi Shinkoda
BACKGROUND: During gait, the swing limb requires flexible control to adapt to ever changing environmental circumstances. However, few studies have focused on the mechanics of swing limb control in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Investigating the variability of swing limb kinematics, which can be represented by variables such as the peak shank angular velocity during the swing phase obtained from an inertial sensor, provides insights into the adaptability of swing limb control...
June 23, 2017: Gait & Posture
Giacomo Ciani, Andrew Chilton, Stephen Apple, Taiwo Olatunde, Michael Aitken, Guido Mueller, John W Conklin
We report on the design and sensitivity of a new torsion pendulum for measuring the performance of ultra-precise inertial sensors and for the development of associated technologies for space-based gravitational wave observatories and geodesy missions. The apparatus comprises a 1 m-long, 50 μm-diameter tungsten fiber that supports an inertial member inside a vacuum system. The inertial member is an aluminum crossbar with four hollow cubic test masses at each end. This structure converts the rotation of the torsion pendulum into translation of the test masses...
June 2017: Review of Scientific Instruments
Lucia Pepa, Federica Verdini, Luca Spalazzi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The use of smartphones can greatly help for gait parameters estimation during daily living, but its accuracy needs a deeper evaluation against a gold standard. The objective of the paper is a step-by-step assessment of smartphone performance in heel strike, step count, step period, and step length estimation. The influence of smartphone placement and orientation on estimation performance is evaluated as well. METHODS: This work relies on a smartphone app developed to acquire, process, and store inertial sensor data and rotation matrices about device position...
June 20, 2017: Gait & Posture
Rafael Caldas, Marion Mundt, Wolfgang Potthast, Fernando Buarque de Lima Neto, Bernd Markert
The conventional methods to assess human gait are either expensive or complex to be applied regularly in clinical practice. To reduce the cost and simplify the evaluation, inertial sensors and adaptive algorithms have been utilized, respectively. This paper aims to summarize studies that applied adaptive also called artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms to gait analysis based on inertial sensor data, verifying if they can support the clinical evaluation. Articles were identified through searches of the main databases, which were encompassed from 1968 to October 2016...
June 24, 2017: Gait & Posture
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