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Inertial sensors

Tobias Zimmermann, Bertram Taetz, Gabriele Bleser
Human body motion analysis based on wearable inertial measurement units (IMUs) receives a lot of attention from both the research community and the and industrial community. This is due to the significant role in, for instance, mobile health systems, sports and human computer interaction. In sensor based activity recognition, one of the major issues for obtaining reliable results is the sensor placement/assignment on the body. For inertial motion capture (joint kinematics estimation) and analysis, the IMU-to-segment (I2S) assignment and alignment are central issues to obtain biomechanical joint angles...
January 19, 2018: Sensors
Duc Cong Dang, Young Soo Suh
A walking distance estimation algorithm for cane users is proposed using an inertial sensor unit attached to various positions on the cane. A standard inertial navigation algorithm using an indirect Kalman filter was applied to update the velocity and position of the cane during movement. For quadripod canes, a standard zero-velocity measurement-updating method is proposed. For standard canes, a velocity-updating method based on an inverted pendulum model is proposed. The proposed algorithms were verified by three walking experiments with two different types of canes and different positions of the sensor module...
January 15, 2018: Sensors
Ruopeng Sun, Jacob J Sosnoff
BACKGROUND: Falls are a major health problem for older adults with significant physical and psychological consequences. A first step of successful fall prevention is to identify those at risk of falling. Recent advancement in sensing technology offers the possibility of objective, low-cost and easy-to-implement fall risk assessment. The objective of this systematic review is to assess the current state of sensing technology on providing objective fall risk assessment in older adults. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted in accordance to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis statement (PRISMA)...
January 16, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
Yongyun Zhu, Tao Zhang, Xiang Xu
In this paper, we proposed a coarse-alignment method for strapdown inertial navigation systems based on attitude determination. The observation vectors, which can be obtained by inertial sensors, usually contain various types of noise, which affects the convergence rate and the accuracy of the coarse alignment. Given this drawback, we studied an attitude-determination method named optimal-REQUEST, which is an optimal method for attitude determination that is based on observation vectors. Compared to the traditional attitude-determination method, the filtering gain of the proposed method is tuned autonomously; thus, the convergence rate of the attitude determination is faster than in the traditional method...
January 16, 2018: Sensors
Egor Egorov, Vadim Agafonov, Svetlana Avdyukhina, Sergey Borisov
A high-precision angular accelerometer based on molecular-electronic transfer (MET) technology with a high dynamic range and a low level of self-noise has been developed. Its difference from the analogues is in the use of liquid (electrolyte) as the inertial mass and the use of negative feedback based on the magnetohydrodynamic effect. This article reports on the development of the angular molecular-electronic accelerometer with a magnetohydrodynamic cell for the creation of negative feedback, and the optimization of electronics for the creation of a feedback signal...
January 16, 2018: Sensors
Roongroj Bhidayasiri, Claudia Trenkwalder
When Parkinson's disease (PD) patients are asked about the quality of their sleep, their answers are dominated by difficulties associated with impaired mobility in bed, medically referred to as nocturnal hypokinesia. Nocturnal hypokinesia is symptomatic from the mid-stage of the disease, affecting up to 70% of PD patients, and contributes to poor sleep quality, and increased carer burden. Here we explore four areas of nocturnal hypokinesia that are relevant to clinical practice, namely: manifestations and definition; clinical assessment and objective monitoring; etiologies and contributing factors; and evidence-based therapeutic approaches...
January 5, 2018: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
Martin Kokholm Fleron, Niels Christian Hauerbach Ubbesen, Francesco Battistella, David Leandro Dejtiar, Anderson Souza Oliveira
Motion capture through inertial sensors is becoming popular, but its accuracy to describe kinematics during changes in walking speed is unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy of trunk speed extracted using an inertial motion system compared to a gold standard optical motion system, during steady walking and stationary periods. Eleven participants walked on pre-established paths marked on the floor. Between each lap, a 1-second stationary transition period at the initial position was included prior to the next lap...
January 12, 2018: Sports Biomechanics
Yonggang Zhang, Li Luo, Tao Fang, Ning Li, Guoqing Wang
An improved coarse alignment (ICA) algorithm is proposed in this paper with a focus on improving alignment accuracy of odometer-aided strapdown inertial navigation system (SINS) under variable velocity and variable acceleration condition. In the proposed algorithm, the outputs of inertial sensors and odometer in a sampling interval are linearized rather than assumed to be a constant, which improves the accuracy of the vector observations and the precision of coarse alignment. Simulation and field test results illustrate that, under variable velocity and variable acceleration condition, the proposed algorithm can obtain a better alignment performance than conventional coarse alignment method...
January 11, 2018: Sensors
Nikolaos Kondilopoulos, Elissavet N Rousanoglou, Konstantinos D Boudolos
The STW execution at motion speed faster than normal most possibly enhances the risk for balance loss due to the increase in body segment accelerations. The purpose of the study was to use inertial sensing to examine the effect of motion speed on the STW segmental kinematics and its temporal events. Eighteen young men (20.7 ± 2.0 years) performed STW trials at preferred (PS) and fast (FS) motion speed. Data were collected with Xsens inertial sensors positioned at the trunk, thigh, shank, and foot segments...
January 4, 2018: Gait & Posture
Sriram Raju Dandu, Matthew M Engelhard, Asma Qureshi, Jiaqi Gong, John C Lach, Maite Brandt-Pearce, Myla D Goldman
Gait impairment in multiple sclerosis (MS) can result from muscle weakness, physical fatigue, lack of coordination, and other symptoms. Walking speed, as measured by a number of clinician-administered walking tests, is the primary measure of gait impairment used by clinical researchers, but inertial gait features from body-worn sensors have been proven to add clinical value. This paper seeks to understand and differentiate the physiological significance of four such features with proven value in MS to facilitate adoption by clinical researchers and incorporation in gait monitoring and analysis systems...
January 2018: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
Hendrik Hellmers, Zakaria Kasmi, Abdelmoumen Norrdine, Andreas Eichhorn
In recent years, a variety of real-time applications benefit from services provided by localization systems due to the advent of sensing and communication technologies. Since the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) enables localization only outside buildings, applications for indoor positioning and navigation use alternative technologies. Ultra Wide Band Signals (UWB), Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN), ultrasonic or infrared are common examples. However, these technologies suffer from fading and multipath effects caused by objects and materials in the building...
January 4, 2018: Sensors
M F Sepulveda Caviedes, B S Forbes, T Pfau
BACKGROUND: With the view of implementing gait symmetry measurements in Thoroughbreds in training for early detection of injuries, repeatability of inertial measurement unit (IMU) gait parameters needs to be established. OBJECTIVES: To assess the variation of head and pelvis movement symmetry in Thoroughbreds in training. STUDY DESIGN: Repeated observations in horses in race training. METHODS: Daily and weekly repeat gait assessments were conducted in 14 Thoroughbreds equipped with IMUs on poll, sacrum and right (RTC) and left (LTC) tuber coxae...
December 28, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
Bingfei Fan, Qingguo Li, Tao Liu
With the advancements in micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS) technologies, magnetic and inertial sensors are becoming more and more accurate, lightweight, smaller in size as well as low-cost, which in turn boosts their applications in human movement analysis. However, challenges still exist in the field of sensor orientation estimation, where magnetic disturbance represents one of the obstacles limiting their practical application. The objective of this paper is to systematically analyze exactly how magnetic disturbances affects the attitude and heading estimation for a magnetic and inertial sensor...
December 28, 2017: Sensors
Ole Marius Hoel Rindal, Trine M Seeberg, Johannes Tjønnås, Pål Haugnes, Øyvind Sandbakk
The automatic classification of sub-techniques in classical cross-country skiing provides unique possibilities for analyzing the biomechanical aspects of outdoor skiing. This is currently possible due to the miniaturization and flexibility of wearable inertial measurement units (IMUs) that allow researchers to bring the laboratory to the field. In this study, we aimed to optimize the accuracy of the automatic classification of classical cross-country skiing sub-techniques by using two IMUs attached to the skier's arm and chest together with a machine learning algorithm...
December 28, 2017: Sensors
Valeria Belluscio, Elena Bergamini, Marco Iosa, Marco Tramontano, Giovanni Morone, Giuseppe Vannozzi
The maintenance of the upright posture during dynamic balance requires the integration of sensory inputs regulated by the brain. After a neurological event, the assessment of balance control impairments is crucial for supporting health professionals in the design of personalized rehabilitation protocols. A commonly used test to assess balance ability is the Fukuda Stepping Test (FST). However, the clinical parameters traditionally considered are not fully representative of the patient's motor ability. The purpose of this study was to devise an instrumented version of the FST (iFST) that embodies inertial sensors and allows to obtain individual motor strategy information...
December 16, 2017: Gait & Posture
Sol Lim, Clive D'Souza
This study explored the use of body posture kinematics derived from wearable inertial sensors to estimate force exertion levels in a two-handed isometric pushing and pulling task. A prediction model was developed grounded on the hypothesis that body postures predictably change depending on the magnitude of the exerted force. Five body postural angles, viz., torso flexion, pelvis flexion, lumbar flexion, hip flexion, and upper arm inclination, collected from 15 male participants performing simulated isometric pushing and pulling tasks in the laboratory were used as predictor variables in a statistical model to estimate handle height (shoulder vs...
September 2017: Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society ... Annual Meeting
Apoorva Gaidhani, Kee S Moon, Yusuf Ozturk, Sung Q Lee, Woosub Youm
Respiratory activity is an essential vital sign of life that can indicate changes in typical breathing patterns and irregular body functions such as asthma and panic attacks. Many times, there is a need to monitor breathing activity while performing day-to-day functions such as standing, bending, trunk stretching or during yoga exercises. A single IMU (inertial measurement unit) can be used in measuring respiratory motion; however, breathing motion data may be influenced by a body trunk movement that occurs while recording respiratory activity...
December 17, 2017: Sensors
Lingcao Wang, Kui Li, Yuanpei Chen, Juncheng Liu, Yanchun Xu
Rotation modulation technology could effectively improve the accuracy of the inertial navigation system (INS) by compensating for the biases of the inertial sensors automatically. However, the carrier angular motion and rotation control error could reduce the rotation modulation effect and then decrease the navigation accuracy. To address this problem, for the single-axis rotation INS, a novel rotation control scheme is presented. The control scheme employs the fiber optic gyros to control the inertial measurement unit (IMU) rotation angular velocity so that the INS with both rotation modulation and azimuth motion insulation functions...
December 11, 2017: Optics Express
Mickael Begon, Michael S Andersen, Raphael Dumas
Multibody kinematic optimization (MKO) aims at reducing soft tissue artefact (STA) and is key in musculoskeletal modeling. The objective was to identify the numerical methods and the level of validation for the estimation of the human joint kinematics using MKO. Seventy-four articles were extracted from a systematic search in five databases and cross-referencing. Model-derived kinematics was obtained using either optimization or Kalman filtering to minimize the difference between measured (by skin markers, electromagnetic or inertial sensors) and model-derived positions and/or orientations...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
Jianren Wang, Junkai Xu, Peter B Shull
Vertical jump height is widely used for assessing motor development, functional ability, and motor capacity. Traditional methods for estimating vertical jump height rely on force plates or optical marker-based motion capture systems limiting assessment to people with access to specialized laboratories. This paper presents a novel algorithm for estimating vertical jump height based on foot-worn inertial sensors. Twenty healthy subjects performed countermovement jumping trials and maximum jump height was determined via inertial sensors located above the toe and under the heel and was compared with the gold standard maximum jump height estimation via optical marker-based motion capture...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
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