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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775999/who-recommendations-dollars-and-sense
#1
Julian Robinson
In 2016 the World Health organization (WHO) outlined its vision for high quality care for all pregnant women and their newborns (WHO recommendations on antenatal care for a positive pregnancy experience. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2016 pregnancy-experience/en/. In this edition of BJOG it has now updated these recommendations emphasizing the importance of a positive experience during childbirth. Respectful Maternity Care (RMC) is central to this revision. This article is protected by copyright...
May 18, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775641/surviving-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-the-neurological-and-functional-outcome-and-health-related-quality-of-life-one-year-later
#2
Marjaana Tiainen, Jukka Vaahersalo, Markus B Skrifvars, Johanna Hästbacka, Juha Grönlund, Ville Pettilä
BACKGROUND: Data on long-term functional outcome and quality of life (QoL) after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) are limited. We assessed long-term functional outcome and health-related QoL of OHCA survivors regardless of arrest aetiology. METHODS: All adult unconscious OHCA patients treated in 21 Finnish ICUs between March 2010 and February 2011 were followed. Barthel Index (BI), activities of daily living (ADL), accommodation, help needed and received, working status, car driving and self-experienced cognitive deficits were assessed in 1-year survivors (N = 206, 40...
May 15, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775501/educational-interventions-for-improving-primary-caregiver-complementary-feeding-practices-for-children-aged-24-months-and-under
#3
REVIEW
Dachi Arikpo, Ededet Sewanu Edet, Moriam T Chibuzor, Friday Odey, Deborah M Caldwell
BACKGROUND: Although complementary feeding is a universal practice, the methods and manner in which it is practiced vary between cultures, individuals and socioeconomic classes. The period of complementary feeding is a critical time of transition in the life of an infant, and inappropriate complementary feeding practices, with their associated adverse health consequences, remain a significant global public health problem. Educational interventions are widely acknowledged as effective in promoting public health strategy, and those aimed at improving complementary feeding practices provide information about proper complementary feeding practices to caregivers of infants/children...
May 18, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775467/interactions-among-poverty-gender-and-health-systems-affect-women-s-participation-in-services-to-prevent-hiv-transmission-from-mother-to-child-a-causal-loop-analysis
#4
Jennifer Yourkavitch, Kristen Hassmiller Lich, Valerie L Flax, Elialilia S Okello, John Kadzandira, Anne Ruhweza Katahoire, Alister C Munthali, James C Thomas
Retention in care remains an important issue for prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) programs according to WHO guidelines, formerly called the "Option B+" approach. The objective of this study was to examine how poverty, gender, and health system factors interact to influence women's participation in PMTCT services. We used qualitative research, literature, and hypothesized variable connections to diagram causes and effects in causal loop models. We found that many factors, including antiretroviral therapy (ART) use, service design and quality, stigma, disclosure, spouse/partner influence, decision-making autonomy, and knowledge about PMTCT, influence psychosocial health, which in turn affects women's participation in PMTCT services...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775173/healthcare-barriers-and-supports-for-american-indian-women-with-cancer
#5
Jessica L Liddell, Catherine E Burnette, Soonhee Roh, Yeon-Shim Lee
Although American Indian (AI) women continue to experience cancer at higher rates and have not seen the same decline in cancer prevalence as the general U.S. population, little research examines how interactions with health care providers may influence and exacerbate these health disparities. The purpose of the study was to understand the experiences of AI women who receive cancer treatment, which is integral for eradication of AI cancer disparities among women. A qualitative descriptive methodology was used with a sample of 43 AI women with breast, cervical, colon, and other types of cancer from the Northern Plains region of South Dakota...
May 18, 2018: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775129/health-related-quality-of-life-and-orthosis-use-in-a-swedish-population-with-arthrogryposis
#6
Marie Eriksson, Leena Jylli, Li Villard, Anna-Karin Kroksmark, Åsa Bartonek
BACKGROUND: Joint contractures are the main characteristics for children with arthrogryposis multiplex congenita. Orthoses are often used to enable or facilitate walking. OBJECTIVES: To describe health-related quality of life in children with arthrogryposis multiplex congenita and satisfaction with orthoses in those using orthoses. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: A total of 33 children with arthrogryposis multiplex congenita participated in the study...
May 1, 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774616/psychological-effects-of-belonging-to-a-facebook-weight-management-group-in-overweight-and-obese-adults-results-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Monica Jane, Jonathan Foster, Martin Hagger, Suleen Ho, Robert Kane, Sebely Pal
This study was conducted to test whether the weight outcomes in an online social networking group were mediated by changes to psychological outcome measures in overweight and obese individuals, following a weight management programme delivered via Facebook. The data analysed in this study were collected during a three-armed, randomised, controlled clinical weight management trial conducted with overweight and obese adults over 24 weeks. Two intervention groups were given the same weight management programme: one within a Facebook group, along with peer support from other group members (the Facebook Group); the other group received the same programme in a pamphlet (the Pamphlet Group)...
May 18, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774474/perspectives-of-children-family-caregivers-and-health-professionals-about-pediatric-oncology-symptoms-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Lei Cheng, Liying Wang, Mengxue He, Sheng Feng, Yehui Zhu, Cheryl Rodgers
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the existing body of evidence to determine the current state of knowledge regarding the perspectives of the following groups: (1) children with cancer, (2) family caregivers, and (3) healthcare professionals, about symptoms, as well as factors that may influence the symptom reports. METHODS: A systematic search was performed for all types of studies that included the perspectives of at least two groups of participants' symptom reports. Children included anyone younger than 19 years of age who was diagnosed with any type of cancer...
May 17, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773954/pain-catastrophizing-is-associated-with-poorer-health-related-quality-of-life-in-pediatric-patients-with-sickle-cell-disease
#9
Nitya Bakshi, Ines Lukombo, Inna Belfer, Lakshmanan Krishnamurti
Background: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is an inherited disorder of the red blood cells and is associated with chronic multisystem involvement. While SCD has been associated with poorer health-related quality of life (HRQoL), there is a paucity of data on the relationship of psychological covariates other than anxiety and depression and quality of life (QoL) in children with SCD. Materials and methods: We performed a cross-sectional study of psychological factors, HRQoL, and pain-related outcomes in participants with SCD and race-matched controls as part of a larger study of experimental pain phenotyping...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773657/review-of-the-role-of-nice-in-promoting-the-adoption-of-innovative-cardiac-technologies
#10
REVIEW
Peter H Groves, Chris Pomfrett, Mirella Marlow
The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) Medical Technologies Evaluation Programme (MTEP) promotes the adoption of innovative diagnostic and therapeutic technologies into National Health Service (NHS) clinical practice through the publication of guidance and briefing documents. Since the inception of the programme in 2009, there have been 7 medical technologiesguidance, 3 diagnostics guidance and 23 medtechinnovation briefing documents published that are relevant to the heart and circulation...
May 17, 2018: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773539/effectiveness-of-text-message-based-diabetes-self-management-support-programme-sms4bg-two-arm-parallel-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Rosie Dobson, Robyn Whittaker, Yannan Jiang, Ralph Maddison, Matthew Shepherd, Catherine McNamara, Richard Cutfield, Manish Khanolkar, Rinki Murphy
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of a theoretically based and individually tailored, text message based, diabetes self management support intervention (SMS4BG) in adults with poorly controlled diabetes. DESIGN: Nine month, two arm, parallel randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Primary and secondary healthcare services in New Zealand. PARTICIPANTS: 366 participants aged 16 years and over with poorly controlled type 1 or type 2 diabetes (HbA1c ≥65 mmol/mol or 8%) randomised between June 2015 and November 2016 (n=183 intervention, n=183 control)...
May 17, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773355/pain-assessment-and-management-by-nurses-in-a-geriatric-setting-discrepancies-between-guidelines-and-documented-practice
#12
Irit Shahar, Gad Mendelson, Shlomit Gerbi, Merav Ben Natan
Pain is a common subjective symptom among older adults in general and among older adult residents in long-term geriatric facilities in particular. Pain diminishes older adults' quality of life and may impair their ability to recover from various illnesses. Therefore, the Israeli Ministry of Health has issued guidelines on effectively assessing and treating pain in this population. To examine discrepancies between the Ministry of Health's pain assessment guidelines and documented practice by nursing staff at a long-term geriatric care facility and whether these discrepancies correlate to characteristics of the nurses, the wards, and the patients' characteristics...
May 14, 2018: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773291/cost-utility-of-non-invasive-mechanical-ventilation-analysis-and-implications-in-acute-respiratory-failure-a-brief-narrative-review
#13
REVIEW
Antonello Nicolini, Sven Stieglitz, Pierre Bou-Khalil, Antonio Esquinas
The growing interest in the quality of patient care at the levels of the health care managers, insurance companies, and health professionals is evident. Further, the growing population requires good quality health services. In this review, we analyzed the cost-effectiveness of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) in an acute setting for the treatment of respiratory failure. The strength of this review is that it identified and summarized the most relevant studies regarding various aspects of the cost-utility of NIV in an acute setting...
May 2018: Respiratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773207/poor-sleep-during-early-pregnancy-increases-subsequent-risk-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#14
Chunrong Zhong, Renjuan Chen, Xuezhen Zhou, Shangzhi Xu, Qian Li, Wenli Cui, Weiye Wang, Xiating Li, Jiangyue Wu, Chaoqun Liu, Mei Xiao, Guoqiang Sun, Xuefeng Yang, Liping Hao, Nianhong Yang
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between poor sleep quality during pregnancy and the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: A total of 4066 singleton pregnant women from the Tongji Maternal and Child Health Cohort (TMCHC) without overt diabetes before pregnancy were analyzed. Sleep quality and duration during early pregnancy were self-reported by enrolled women at their first antenatal care visit before 16 weeks of gestation. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) was assessed with a 75-g, 2-h oral glucose tolerance test at 24-28 weeks of gestation...
June 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773125/regional-overview-of-specific-populations-workforce-considerations-training-and-diseases-in-latin-america
#15
REVIEW
Jose Pablo Stolovitzky, Jacqueline Alvarado
Latin America has significant disparities that make the region vulnerable in the delivery of health care. There is a need to plan comprehensive health care strategies that result in a more robust trained health care workforce, while improving the quality and efficiencies of tertiary public hospitals. This article introduces a survey conducted among otorhinolaryngology leaders in the region that identified the need to strengthen postgraduate programs. Although all countries in Latin America have at least one residency program, more otorhinolaryngology-trained specialists are necessary to address the workforce shortages that are present in about 50% of Latin American countries...
June 2018: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773123/circumstances-of-child-deaths-in-mali-and-uganda-a-community-based-confidential-enquiry
#16
Merlin L Willcox, Elias Kumbakumba, Drissa Diallo, Vincent Mubangizi, Peter Kirabira, Florence Nakaggwa, Birungi Mutahunga, Chiaka Diakité, Eugene Dembélé, Mamadou Traoré, Pierre Daou, Drissa Bamba, Amadou Traoré, Diafara Berthé, Nick Wooding, Kieran Dinwoodie, Sarah Capewell, Hamish Foster, Rowena Neville, Joseph Ngonzi, Jerome Kabakyenga, David Mant, Anthony Harnden
BACKGROUND: Interventions to reduce child deaths in Africa have often underachieved, causing the Millennium Development Goal targets to be missed. We assessed whether a community enquiry into the circumstances of death could improve intervention effectiveness by identifying local avoidable factors and explaining implementation failures. METHODS: Deaths of children younger than 5 years were ascertained by community informants in two districts in Mali (762 deaths) and three districts in Uganda (442 deaths) in 2011-15...
June 2018: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773075/does-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-of-tortured-refugees-represent-value-for-money-a-follow-up-of-a-danish-case-study
#17
Line Bager, Kristian Schultz Hansen, Carit Jacques Andersen, Shr-Jie Sharlenna Wang
BACKGROUND: The recent surge of asylum seekers in the European Union (EU) is raising questions about the EU's ability to integrate newcomers into the economy and into society; particularly those who need specialized services for the treatment of severe trauma. This study investigated whether rehabilitating traumatised refugees represents 'value-for-money' (VfM) in terms of intervention cost per health gain and in a long-term and societal perspective. METHODS: The economic evaluation comprised a cost-utility analysis (CUA) and a partial cost-benefit analysis (CBA)...
May 18, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772930/changes-in-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-ohrqol-related-to-long-term-utilization-of-dental-care-among-older-people
#18
Anne Nordrehaug Åstrøm, Gunnar Ekback, Sven Ordell, Ferda Gulcan
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether long-term utilization of dental care, treatment with fillings and crowns and persistent tooth loss between age 50 and 65 years associate with subsequent changes in OHRQoL from age 65 to 70 years. METHOD: In 1992, a census of 50-year-olds received invitation to participate in a questionnaire survey. Of 6346 respondents, 3585 completed follow-ups in 1997, 2002, 2007 and 2012. OHRQoL was measured using the Oral Impacts on Daily Performances (OIDP) inventory...
May 18, 2018: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772876/spatial-association-of-public-sports-facilities-with-body-mass-index-in-korea
#19
Eun Jin Han, Kiyeon Kang, So Young Sohn
Governments and also local councils create and enforce their own regional public health care plans for the problem of overweight and obesity in the population. Public sports facilities can help these plans. In this paper, we investigated the contribution of public sports facilities to the reduction of the obesity of local residents. We used the data obtained from the Fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys; and measured the degree of obesity using body mass index (BMI). We conducted various spatial regression analyses including the global Moran's I test and local indicators of spatial autocorrelation analysis finding that there exists spatial dependence in the error term of spatial regression model for BMI...
May 7, 2018: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772447/one-to-one-specialling-and-sitters-in-acute-care-hospitals-a-scoping-review
#20
REVIEW
Victoria J Wood, Cecilia Vindrola-Padros, Nick Swart, Michelle McIntosh, Sonya Crowe, Stephen Morris, Naomi J Fulop
BACKGROUND: One to one specialling is a type of care which is provided to ensure the safety of patients who may be suffering from cognitive impairment, exhibit challenging behaviour, or may be at risk of falls or of causing harm to themselves or others. Care such as this, often referred to as 'specialling' or 'sitting' is common practice in most hospitals around the world, but there is a lack of evidence regarding its cost effectiveness and the quality of care provided. AIM: The aim of this scoping review was to explore the breadth and scope of literature on one to one specialling, sitters and similar types of care in acute secondary care settings, in order to identify the challenges and concerns relating to the quality of care (process and outcomes) and cost effectiveness emerging from the literature, and determine the implications of this for policy, practice and future research...
April 30, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
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