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Program development and evaluation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925084/evaluation-of-stop-smoking-in-its-tracks-an-intensive-smoking-cessation-program-for-pregnant-aboriginal-women-incorporating-contingency-based-financial-rewards
#1
Megan E Passey, Janelle M Stirling
BACKGROUND: Smoking during pregnancy is three times as common among Aboriginal women as non-Aboriginal women, with consequent higher rates of adverse health outcomes. Effective interventions to support Aboriginal women to quit smoking have not yet been identified. OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility and acceptability of implementing a culturally tailored, intensive smoking cessation program, including contingency-based financial rewards (CBFR), for pregnant Aboriginal women...
June 14, 2018: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924460/cc002-unc-females-are-mouse-models-of-exercise-induced-paradoxical-fat-response
#2
Rachel C McMullan, Martin T Ferris, Timothy A Bell, Vineet D Menachery, Ralph S Baric, Kunjie Hua, Daniel Pomp, Abbie E Smith-Ryan, Fernando Pardo-Manuel de Villena
Exercise results in beneficial health outcomes and protects against a variety of chronic diseases. However, U.S. exercise guidelines recommend identical exercise programs for everyone, despite individual variation in responses to these programs, including paradoxical fat gain. Experimental models of exercise-induced paradoxical outcomes may enable the dissection of underlying physiological mechanisms as well as the evaluation of potential interventions. Whereas several studies have identified individual mice exhibiting paradoxical fat gain following exercise, no systematic effort has been conducted to identify and characterize models of paradoxical response...
June 2018: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924428/a-new-fracture-risk-assessment-tool-frem-based-on-public-health-registries
#3
Katrine Hass Rubin, Sören Möller, Teresa Holmberg, Mette Bliddal, Jens Søndergaard, Bo Abrahamsen
BACKGROUND: Some conditions are already known to be associated with increased risk of osteoporotic fractures. Other conditions may also be significant indicators of increased risk. The aim of the study was to identify conditions for inclusion in a fracture prediction model (FREM - Fracture Risk Evaluation Model) for automated case finding of high-risk individuals of hip or major osteoporotic fractures (MOF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included the total population in Denmark aged 45+ years (N= 2,495,339)...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924421/description-and-preliminary-outcomes-of-an-in-vivo-exposure-group-treatment-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#4
Eliora Porter, Erin G Romero, Melissa D Barone
Prolonged exposure (PE) therapy is traditionally delivered individually to patients. To engage more veterans in care, an in vivo exposure group treatment was developed in an urban VA medical center. This treatment represented a modification of the in vivo exposure portion of PE, with the addition of in-session, therapist-assisted in vivo exposures. Here, we describe this 12-week treatment and present preliminary outcome data. Demographics and pre- and posttreatment scores on the PTSD Checklist-Specific (PCL-S) and Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) were extracted from a program evaluation database...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923893/the-consultation-observed-simulated-clinical-experience-training-assessment-and-feedback-for-incoming-interns-on-requesting-consultations
#5
Shannon K Martin, Keme Carter, Noah Hellermann, Laura R Glick, Samantha Ngooi, Marika Kachman, Jeanne M Farnan, Vineet M Arora
PROBLEM: Formal education in requesting consultations is inconsistent in medical education. To address this gap, the authors developed the Consultation Observed Simulated Clinical Experience (COSCE), a simulation-based curriculum for interns using Kessler et al's 5Cs of Consultation model to teach and assess consultation communication skills. APPROACH: In June 2016, 127 interns entering 12 University of Chicago Medicine residency programs participated in the COSCE pilot...
June 19, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923747/development-and-validation-of-the-social-determinants-of-health-questionnaire-and-implications-for-promoting-food-security-and-healthy-lifestyles-in-a-complex-urban-food-ecosystem
#6
Preety Gadhoke, Salome Pemberton, Ava Foudeh, Barrett P Brenton
In this case study, a formative evaluation was conducted for "Promoting Food Security and Healthy Lifestyles" pilot intervention at a Community-Based Organization in a marginalized neighborhood in Bedford-Stuyvesant in New York City. Utilizing a rigorous, theoretically grounded, and mixed methods approach, a survey was designed to encompass the social, environmental, and behavioral determinants of food insecurity and health promotion for Emergency Food Assistance System users. The final survey tested well for face and content validity and meets the criteria for internal reliability...
June 20, 2018: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922390/the-impact-of-nonlinear-pedagogy-on-decision-making-and-execution-in-youth-soccer-players-according-to-game-actions
#7
Alba Práxedes, Fernando Del Villar, David Pizarro, Alberto Moreno
The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of a teaching program, based on Non-Linear Pedagogy, on decision-making and performance in youth soccer players as a function of the type of play action. Our participants were 19 players from the U12 age category. The teaching program, which was based on the application of modified games characterized by a numerical superiority in attack, was used for 14 training sessions. This program was conducted in two phases (preparation-for-intervention and intervention)...
June 2018: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922235/association-of-vitamin-d-receptor-gene-variation-with-osteoporosis-risk-in-belarusian-and-lithuanian-postmenopausal-women
#8
Pavel M Marozik, Marija Tamulaitiene, Ema Rudenka, Vidmantas Alekna, Irma Mosse, Alena Rudenka, Volha Samokhovec, Katsiaryna Kobets
Vitamin D receptor (VDR) is one of the main mediators of vitamin D biological activity. VDR dysfunction might substantially contribute to development of postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMO). Numerous studies have revealed the effects of several VDR gene variants on osteoporosis risk, although significant variation in different ethnicities have been suggested. The main purpose of this work was to assess the frequency of distribution of VDR genetic variants with established effect and evaluate their haplotype association with the risk of PMO in a cohort of Belarusian and Lithuanian women...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922187/using-information-and-communication-technologies-to-prevent-suicide-among-secondary-school-students-in-two-regions-of-chile-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Franco Mascayano, Sara Schilling, Eric Tapia, Felipe Santander, María S Burrone, Lawrence H Yang, Rubén Alvarado
Background: There is an increasing concern for addressing suicide among adolescents in Latin America. Recent mental health policies encourage the development and implementation of preventive interventions for suicide. Such initiatives, however, have been scarcely developed, even in countries with solid mental health services such as Chile. The use of information and communications technology (ICT) might contribute to create accessible, engaging, and innovative platforms to promote well-being and support for adolescents with mental health needs and suicide risk...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921705/a-semi-automatic-and-quantitative-method-to-evaluate-behavioral-photosensitivity-in-animals-based-on-the-optomotor-response-omr
#10
Megumi Matsuo, Yoriko Ando, Yasuhiro Kamei, Shoji Fukamachi
The optomotor response (OMR) is a locomotor behavior of animals that is induced by moving repetitive visual stimuli. This characteristic helps animals particularly when stabilizing and maintaining position in schools and herds. Here, we developed a simple but sensitive method for quantifying the OMR using medaka ( Oryzias latipes ) as a model. This method, which simply requires video-recorded behavior, free tracking software, and a generic spreadsheet program, enables the evaluation of spectral sensitivity by researchers with little knowledge about the behavioral characteristics of the test animal or of the OMR...
June 19, 2018: Biology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921000/an-academic-practice-partnership-building-capacity-to-meet-sexual-health-education-policy-requirements-of-a-public-school-system
#11
Heide R Cygan, Diane McNaughton, Virginia Reising, Bianca Reid
The purpose of this clinical concepts paper is to describe the development, implementation, and evaluation of a formal academic-practice partnership between a large, urban, public school system and a college of nursing, based on the American Association of Colleges of Nursing's Guiding Principles to Academic-Practice Partnerships. The overarching goal of the partnership was to increase the school district's capacity to meet sexual health education policy requirements while providing graduate nursing students with an opportunity to work with a diverse population of youth during a public health nursing practicum course...
June 19, 2018: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920163/new-approach-for-controlling-snail-host-of-schistosoma-mansoni-biomphalaria-alexandrina-with-cyanobacterial-strains-derived-c-phycocyanin
#12
Amany M Abd El-Ghany, Ali Salama, Nesreen M Abd El-Ghany, Rasha M A Gharieb
Schistosomiasis is one of the major communicable diseases of public health and socioeconomic importance in the developing world. It is a waterborne disease in which Biomphalaria alexandrina snails are known to be the intermediate molluscan host for Schistosoma mansoni: the causative agent of human intestinal schistosomiasis. Therefore, snail control is one of the cornerstones of schistosomiasis control programs. Several methods have been used to eliminate snail hosts. One of these methods is chemical molluscicides, which have undesirable effect to nontarget organisms...
June 19, 2018: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917115/study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-evaluating-the-efficacy-of-an-evidence-based-ipad-app-for-cognitive-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-primary-brain-tumors
#13
Sophie Dorothee van der Linden, Margriet Maria Sitskoorn, Geert-Jan Maria Rutten, Karin Gehring
BACKGROUND: Many patients with primary brain tumors suffer from cognitive deficits, which negatively impact their quality of life. However, cognitive rehabilitation programs for these patients are scarce. We developed an iPad-based cognitive rehabilitation program for brain tumor patients, which was based on our effective face-to-face cognitive rehabilitation program. After successful completion of a feasibility study, a randomized controlled trial has been started. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the immediate and long-term effects of the iPad-based program on cognitive performance and patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) in patients with primary brain tumors in an early stage of the disease...
June 16, 2018: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916603/-oncological-disease-dimensions-of-the-phenomenon-and-role-ionizing-radiation
#14
Giuseppe Taino, Lorenzo Bordini, Marcello Imbriani
OBJECTIVES: The continuous scientific advances against neoplastic diseases affecting all areas of oncology biomedical research. Age is an extremely important factor in cancer development, since the incidence of cancer increases significantly with age. Because of aging of the Italian population, although the incidence is kept constant, the number of cancer diagnosis is inevitably going to increase over time only to increasing age. METHODS: Survival after the diagnosis of cancer is one of the main indicators that allow to evaluate the effectiveness of the health system against the cancer disease...
November 2017: Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro Ed Ergonomia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914460/implementing-a-medical-student-interpreter-training-program-as-a-strategy-to-developing-humanism
#15
Alvaro F Vargas Pelaez, Sarah I Ramirez, Chavely Valdes Sanchez, Shady Piedra Abusharar, Jose C Romeu, Connor Carmichael, Soraya Bascoy, Rose Baron, Ariana Pichardo-Lowden, Nathalia Albarracin, Claire C Jones, Patricia Silveyra
BACKGROUND: Humanistic care in medicine has shown to improve healthcare outcomes. Language barriers are a significant obstacle to humanistic care, and trained medical interpreters have demonstrated to effectively bridge the gap for the vulnerable limited English proficiency (LEP) patient population. One way in which medical schools can train more humanistic physicians and provide language access is through the implementation of programs to train bilingual medical students as medical interpreters...
June 18, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914458/developing-a-realist-theory-of-psychosocial-rehabilitation-the-clubhouse-model
#16
Christina Mutschler, Jen Rouse, Kelly McShane, Criss Habal-Brosek
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial rehabilitation is a service that supports recovery from mental illness by providing opportunities for skill development, self-determination, and social interaction. One type of psychosocial rehabilitation is the Clubhouse model. The purpose of the current project was to create, test, and refine a realist theory of psychosocial rehabilitation at Progress Place, an accredited Clubhouse. METHOD: Realist evaluation is a theory driven evaluation that uncovers contexts, mechanisms, and outcomes, in order to develop a theory as to how a program works...
June 13, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914446/-improving-native-american-elder-access-to-and-use-of-health-care-through-effective-health-system-navigation
#17
Cathleen E Willging, David H Sommerfeld, Elise Trott Jaramillo, Erik Lujan, Roxane Spruce Bly, Erin K Debenport, Steven P Verney, Ron Lujan
BACKGROUND: Public insurance reforms of the past two decades have failed to substantively address the healthcare needs of American Indians in general, let alone the particular needs of American Indian elders, ages 55 years and older. Historically, this population is more likely to be uninsured and to suffer from greater morbidities, poorer health outcomes and quality of life, and lower life expectancies compared to all other United States aging populations, representing a neglected group within the healthcare system...
June 18, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914185/the-role-of-communities-in-mental-health-care-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-meta-review-of-components-and-competencies
#18
REVIEW
Brandon A Kohrt, Laura Asher, Anvita Bhardwaj, Mina Fazel, Mark J D Jordans, Byamah B Mutamba, Abhijit Nadkarni, Gloria A Pedersen, Daisy R Singla, Vikram Patel
Community-based mental health services are emphasized in the World Health Organization’s Mental Health Action Plan , the World Bank’s Disease Control Priorities , and the Action Plan of the World Psychiatric Association. There is increasing evidence for effectiveness of mental health interventions delivered by non-specialists in community platforms in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). However, the role of community components has yet to be summarized. Our objective was to map community interventions in LMIC, identify competencies for community-based providers, and highlight research gaps...
June 16, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913679/assessment-of-small-fibers-using-evoked-potentials
#19
Caspar Skau Madsen, Nanna Brix Finnerup, Ulf Baumgärtner
Background and purpose Conventional neurophysiological techniques do not assess the function of nociceptive pathways and are inadequate to detect abnormalities in patients with small-fiber damage. This overview aims to give an update on the methods and techniques used to assess small fiber (Aδ- and C-fibers) function using evoked potentials in research and clinical settings. Methods Noxious radiant or contact heat allows the recording of heat-evoked brain potentials commonly referred to as laser evoked potentials (LEPs) and contact heat-evoked potentials (CHEPs)...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913599/use-of-multiple-lines-of-evidence-to-provide-a-realistic-toxic-substances-control-act-ecological-risk-evaluation-based-on-monitoring-data-d4-case-study
#20
Josie B Nusz, Anne Fairbrother, Jennifer Daley, G Allen Burton
D4 (octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane) is a high-production-volume cyclic volatile methyl siloxane with a wide range of industrial and consumer applications. This study conducted a robust ecological risk evaluation for D4 using exposure data collected under a nation-wide environmental monitoring program facilitated under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA). This ecological risk evaluation was conducted consistent with the principles outlined in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) Guidance to Assist Interested Persons in Developing and Submitting Draft Risk Evaluations under TSCA (U...
September 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
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