keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Program development and evaluation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350648/differences-in-the-reporting-of-racial-and-socioeconomic-disparities-among-three-large-national-databases-for-breast-reconstruction
#1
Parisa Kamali, Sara L Zettervall, Winona Wu, Ahmed M S Ibrahim, Caroline Medin, Hinne A Rakhorst, Marc L Schermerhorn, Bernard T Lee, Samuel J Lin
BACKGROUND: Research derived from large-volume databases plays an increasing role in the development of clinical guidelines and health policy. In breast cancer research, the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results, National Surgical Quality Improvement Program, and Nationwide Inpatient Sample databases are widely used. This study aims to compare the trends in immediate breast reconstruction and identify the drawbacks and benefits of each database. METHODS: Patients with invasive breast cancer and ductal carcinoma in situ were identified from each database (2005-2012)...
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346622/future-of-family-medicine-faculty-development-in-sub-saharan-africa
#2
Paul R Larson, Patrick Chege, Bruce Dahlman, Christine Gibson, Ann Evensen, Maria C Colon-Gonzalez, Stephanie Onguka, Roberta Lamptey, William E Cayley, Bich-May Nguyen, Brian Johnson, Sawra Getnet, Memoona Hasnain
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: High-quality family medicine education is needed in sub-Saharan Africa to facilitate the future growth of primary care health systems. Current faculty educators recognize the value of dedicated teacher training and ongoing faculty development. However, they are constrained by inadequate faculty development program availability and institutional support. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was used to conduct a qualitative needs assessment comprised of 37 in-depth, semi-structured interviews of individual faculty trainers from postgraduate family medicine training programs in eight sub-Saharan African countries...
March 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346603/residency-program-directors-interview-methods-and-satisfaction-with-resident-selection-across-multiple-specialties
#3
Tonya VanOrder, Wayne Robbins, Eric Zemper
CONTEXT: Competition for postdoctoral training positions is at an all-time high, and residency program directors continue to have little direction when it comes to structuring an effective interview process. OBJECTIVES: To examine whether a relationship existed between interview methods used and program director satisfaction with resident selection decisions and whether programs that used methods designed to assess candidate personal characteristics were more satisfied with their decisions...
April 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346068/institutional-profile-university-of-florida-health-personalized-medicine-program
#4
Larisa H Cavallari, Kristin W Weitzel, Amanda R Elsey, Xinyue Liu, Scott A Mosley, Donald M Smith, Benjamin J Staley, Almut G Winterstein, Carol A Mathews, Francesco Franchi, Fabiana Rollini, Dominick J Angiolillo, Petr Starostik, Michael J Clare-Salzler, David R Nelson, Julie A Johnson
The University of Florida (UF) Health Personalized Medicine Program launched in 2012 with CYP2C19 genotyping for clopidogrel response at UF Health Shands Hospital. We have since expanded CYP2C19 genotyping to UF Health Jacksonville and established the infrastructure at UF Health to support clinical implementation for five additional gene-drug pairs: TPMT-thiopurines, IFNL3 (IL28B)-PEG IFN-╬▒-based regimens, CYP2D6-opioids, CYP2D6/CYP2C19-antidepressants and CYP2C19-proton pump inhibitors. We are contributing to the evidence based on outcomes with genotype-guided therapy through pragmatic studies of our clinical implementations...
March 27, 2017: Pharmacogenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346054/genomic-regions-in-local-endangered-sheep-encode-potentially-favorable-genes
#5
Bianca Moioli, Roberto Steri, Gennaro Catillo
The economic evaluation of farm animal genetic resources plays a key role in developing conservation programs. However, to date, the link between diversity as assessed by neutral genetic markers and the functional diversity is not yet understood. Two genome-wide comparisons, using over 44,000 Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms, identified the markers with the highest difference in allele frequency between the Alpago endangered breed and two clusters, composed of four specialized dairy sheep, and four meat breeds respectively...
March 27, 2017: Animal Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345955/smoking-dependent-distal-to-proximal-repatterning-of-the-adult-human-small-airway-epithelium
#6
Jing Yang, Wu-Lin Zuo, Tomoya Fukui, IonWa Chao, Kazunori Gomi, Busub Lee, Michelle R Staudt, Robert J Kaner, Yael Strulovici-Barel, Jacqueline Salit, Ronald G Crystal, Renat Shaykhiev
RATIONALE: Small airways are the primary site of pathologic changes in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the major smoking-induced lung disorder. OBJECTIVES: Based on the concept of proximal-distal patterning that determines regional specialization of the airway epithelium during lung development, we hypothesized that a similar program operates in the adult human lung being altered by smoking leading to decreased regional identity of the small airway epithelium (SAE)...
March 27, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345508/use-of-a-novel-portable-led-based-capillary-refill-time-simulator-within-a-disaster-triage-context
#7
Todd P Chang, Genevieve Santillanes, Ilene Claudius, Phung K Pham, James Koved, John Cheyne, Marianne Gausche-Hill, Amy H Kaji, Saranya Srinivasan, J Joelle Donofrio, Cynthia Bir
Introduction A simple, portable capillary refill time (CRT) simulator is not commercially available. This device would be useful in mass-casualty simulations with multiple volunteers or mannequins depicting a variety of clinical findings and CRTs. The objective of this study was to develop and evaluate a prototype CRT simulator in a disaster simulation context. METHODS: A CRT prototype simulator was developed by embedding a pressure-sensitive piezo crystal, and a single red light-emitting diode (LED) light was embedded, within a flesh-toned resin...
March 27, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345155/a-nomogram-for-predicting-prognostic-value-of-inflammatory-response-biomarkers-in-decompensated-cirrhotic-patients-without-acute-on-chronic-liver-failure
#8
Y-J Cai, J-J Dong, J-Z Dong, Y Chen, Z Lin, M Song, Y-Q Wang, Y-P Chen, K-Q Shi, M-T Zhou
BACKGROUND: Inflammation plays a vital role in liver cirrhosis progression and prognosis. AIM: To investigate the prognostic significance of inflammatory response markers in decompensated cirrhotic patients without acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF). METHODS: Independent predictors were identified using multivariate Cox model and then assembled into a nomogram to predict survival. Concordance index (C-index) and time-dependent receiver operating characteristics (td-ROC) analysis were adopted to evaluate and compare the performance of nomogram, model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) scores, MELD-Na and Chronic Liver Failure-consortium score for acute decompensated (CLIF-C ADs)...
March 26, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344693/point-of-care-ultrasound-as-a-competency-for-general-internists-a-survey-of-internal-medicine-training-programs-in-canada
#9
Jonathan Ailon, Ophyr Mourad, Maral Nadjafi, Rodrigo Cavalcanti
BACKGROUND: Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) is increasingly used on General Internal Medicine (GIM) inpatient services, creating a need for defined competencies and formalized training. We evaluated the extent of training in POCUS and the clinical use of POCUS among Canadian GIM residency programs. METHOD: Internal Medicine trainees and GIM Faculty at the University of Toronto were surveyed on their clinical use of POCUS and the extent of their training. We separately surveyed Canadian IM Program Directors and Division Directors on the extent of POCUS training in their programs, barriers in the implementation of POCUS curricula, and recommendations for POCUS competencies in IM...
October 2016: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344691/physician-recruitment-and-retention-in-new-brunswick-a-medical-student-perspective
#10
Mariah Giberson, Joshua Murray, Edward Percy
BACKGROUND: Physician recruitment and retention is a priority for many Canadian provinces. Each province is unique in terms of recruitment strategies and packages offered; however, little is known about how medical students evaluate these programs. The purpose of the current study was to determine which factors matter most to New Brunswick (NB) medical students when considering their location of future practice. METHOD: A survey of NB medical students was conducted...
October 2016: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344603/isobio-software-biological-dose-distribution-and-biological-dose-volume-histogram-from-physical-dose-conversion-using-linear-quadratic-linear-model
#11
Tanwiwat Jaikuna, Phatchareewan Khadsiri, Nisa Chawapun, Suwit Saekho, Ekkasit Tharavichitkul
PURPOSE: To develop an in-house software program that is able to calculate and generate the biological dose distribution and biological dose volume histogram by physical dose conversion using the linear-quadratic-linear (LQL) model. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The Isobio software was developed using MATLAB version 2014b to calculate and generate the biological dose distribution and biological dose volume histograms. The physical dose from each voxel in treatment planning was extracted through Computational Environment for Radiotherapy Research (CERR), and the accuracy was verified by the differentiation between the dose volume histogram from CERR and the treatment planning system...
February 2017: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344514/australia-s-first-transition-to-professional-practice-in-primary-care-program-for-graduate-registered-nurses-a-pilot-study
#12
Christina Aggar, Jacqueline Bloomfield, Tamsin H Thomas, Christopher J Gordon
BACKGROUND: Increases in ageing, chronic illness and complex co-morbidities in the Australian population are adding pressure to the primary care nursing workforce. Initiatives to attract and retain nurses are needed to establish a sustainable and skilled future primary care nursing workforce. We implemented a transition to professional practice program in general practice settings for graduate nurses and evaluated graduate nurse competency, the graduate nurse experience and program satisfaction...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343711/overview-of-the-robert-wood-johnson-foundation-nurse-faculty-scholars-program
#13
Jacquelyn Campbell, Maryjoan D Ladden, Angela Barron McBride, Andrea Cimino, Elizabeth Kostas-Polston, Katie Deming
BACKGROUND: The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Nurse Faculty Scholars program was created to address the nursing faculty shortage and thereby decrease the nursing shortage. PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to describe the program development, implementation, and ongoing outcome evaluation. METHODS: Data on scholarly productivity, impact of research, research funding, and leadership positions were compiled, including an h-index (impact of publications) comparison with a comparison group of other interdisciplinary faculty at the same institutions of the 90 current and alumni scholars...
December 28, 2016: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343456/implementation-of-neurocritical-care-is-associated-with-improved-outcomes-in-traumatic-brain-injury
#14
Mypinder S Sekhon, Peter Gooderham, Brian Toyota, Navid Kherzi, Vivien Hu, Vinay K Dhingra, Morad S Hameed, Dean R Chittock, Donald E Griesdale
Background Traditionally, the delivery of dedicated neurocritical care (NCC) occurs in distinct NCC units and is associated with improved outcomes. Institution-specific logistical challenges pose barriers to the development of distinct NCC units; therefore, we developed a consultancy NCC service coupled with the implementation of invasive multimodal neuromonitoring, within a medical-surgical intensive care unit. Our objective was to evaluate the effect of a consultancy NCC program on neurologic outcomes in severe traumatic brain injury patients...
March 27, 2017: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343413/development-and-implementation
#15
Teresa Schwendler, Cara Shipley, Nadine Budd, Angela Trude, Pamela J Surkan, Elizabeth Anderson Steeves, Priscila de Morais Sato, Thomas Eckmann, Hong Loh, Joel Gittelsohn
Higher rates of obesity and obesity-related chronic disease are prevalent in communities where there is limited access to affordable, healthy food. The B'More Healthy Communities for Kids (BHCK) trial worked at multiple levels of the food environment including food wholesalers and corner stores to improve the surrounding community's access to healthy food. The objective of this article is to describe the development and implementation of BHCK's corner store and wholesaler interventions through formal process evaluation...
March 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343220/hemorrhagic-transformations-after-thrombectomy-risk-factors-and-clinical-relevance
#16
Johannes Kaesmacher, Mirjam Kaesmacher, Christian Maegerlein, Claus Zimmer, Alexandra S Gersing, Silke Wunderlich, Benjamin Friedrich, Tobias Boeckh-Behrens, Justus F Kleine
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhagic transformation (HT) is a major complication of acute ischemic stroke, potentially associated with clinical deterioration. We attempted to identify risk factors and evaluated clinical relevance of minor and major HTs following endovascular thrombectomy (ET) in isolated middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusions. METHODS: This is a retrospective single-center analysis of 409 patients with isolated MCA occlusion treated with ET. Patients' and procedural characteristics, severity of HT according to the European Cooperative Acute Stroke Study criteria, and clinical outcomes were analyzed...
March 25, 2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343022/stakeholder-evaluation-of-an-online-program-to-promote-physical-activity-and-workplace-safety-for-individuals-with-disability
#17
Mara Nery-Hurwit, Laurel Kincl, Simon Driver, Brittany Heller
Individuals with disabilities face increasing health and employment disparities, including increased risk of morbidity and mortality and decreased earnings, occupational roles, and greater risk of injury at work. Thus, there is a need to improve workplace safety and health promotion efforts for people with disability. The purpose of this study was to obtain stakeholder feedback about an online program, Be Active, Work Safe, which was developed to increase the physical activity and workplace safety practices of individuals with disability...
March 11, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342852/effects-of-sub-culturing-on-genetic-and-physiological-parameters-in-different-beauveria-bassiana-isolates
#18
Naser Eivazian Kary, Zhila Alizadeh
Beauveria bassiana is a fungus which is widely used as a biological insecticide to control a number of economically important insect pests. Knowledge of the genetic diversity of the isolates, understanding the underlying nature of these evolutionary phenomena and finding appropriate and simple screening tools play an important role in developing effective biocontrol agents. Here, we monitored changes of electrophoretic karyotype of small molecules of extrachromosomal DNAs, presumably mitochondrial DNA or plasmids in several individual isolates of B...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342604/economic-considerations-of-breeding-for-polled-dairy-cows-versus-dehorning-in-the-united-states
#19
Nathanael M Thompson, Nicole Olynk Widmar, Michael M Schutz, John B Cole, Christopher A Wolf
This paper examines the costs and benefits of selecting for polled dairy heifers versus traditional dehorning practices. Stochastic budgets were developed to analyze the expected costs (EC) associated with polled dairy genetics. The economic assessment was expanded beyond on-farm cash costs by incorporating cost and benefit estimates to generate industry-wide discussion, and preliminary economic evaluations, surrounding the public acceptance and attitude toward polled genetics versus dehorning calves. Triangular distributions, commonly used to represent distributions with limited data, were used to represent labor costs for dehorning, the likelihood of treatment of calf, and the cost of veterinary treatment...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342242/a-systematic-analysis-of-scoring-functions-in-rigid-body-protein-docking-the-delicate-balance-between-the-predictive-rate-improvement-and-the-risk-of-overtraining
#20
Didier Barradas-Bautista, Iain H Moal, Juan Fernández-Recio
Protein-protein interactions play fundamental roles in biological processes including signaling, metabolism and trafficking. While the structure of a protein complex reveals crucial details about the interaction, it is often difficult to acquire this information experimentally. As the number of interactions discovered increases faster than they can be characterized, protein-protein docking calculations may be able to reduce this disparity by providing models of the interacting proteins. Rigid-body docking is a widely used docking approach, and is often capable of generating a pool of models within which a near-native structure can be found...
March 25, 2017: Proteins
keyword
keyword
5879
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"