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Forensic nurs

Erin A King, Stephen J Tripodi, Christopher A Veeh
Women are one of the fastest growing sectors of the prison population, and have different pathways into prison and differing needs during the reentry process when compared to men (Cloyes et al. J Forensic Nurs; 6:3-14, 2010b; Herrschaft et al. J Offender Rehabil; 48:463-482, 2009). Women report higher levels of mental health problems overall, and report more severe symptomatology (Cloyes et al. J Forensic Nurs; 6:3-14, 2010a; Hyde 2012; Lynch et al. 2014). The current study focuses on the role of severe mental disorders for women released from prison...
March 8, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Nuranis-Raihan Zulkifly, Roswanira Abd Wahab, Elizabeth Layang, Dzulkiflee Ismail, Wan Nur Syuhaila Mat Desa, Salina Hisham, Naji A Mahat
Handprints and dismembered hands are commonly found during crime scene investigations and disaster victim identifications, respectively. It has been indicated that the accuracy of handprint and hand measurements for estimating stature maybe population specific. Since Iban is the largest ethnic population in Sarawak, Malaysia and because the application of anthropometry of hand and handprint within this population as well as other populations within the Southeast Asian countries remain unreported, this present study that investigated the reliability and accuracy of these two anthropometric aspects acquires forensic significance...
January 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Duygu Keskin Gokcelli, Pınar Tosun Tasar, Nur Ozge Akcam, Sevnaz Sahin, Funda Karbek Akarca, Ekin Ozgur Aktas, Soner Duman, Fehmi Akcicek, Aysin Noyan
INTRODUCTION: Advanced age is one of the risk factors for attempting suicide. Suicide attempts are one of the reasons for elderly patients to admit emergency services. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between suicidal behavior and sociodemographic factors and concurrent somatic diseases. METHODS: The medical records of patients aged 60 years and over who presented to the emergency department of our university hospital for attempted suicide between the dates of January 1, 2007 and December 31, 2015 were screened retrospectively...
October 16, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Padillah Yahya, Sarina Sulong, Azian Harun, Hatin Wan Isa, Nur-Shafawati Ab Rajab, Pongsakorn Wangkumhang, Alisa Wilantho, Chumpol Ngamphiw, Sissades Tongsima, Bin Alwi Zilfalil
Malay, the main ethnic group in Peninsular Malaysia, is represented by various sub-ethnic groups such as Melayu Banjar, Melayu Bugis, Melayu Champa, Melayu Java, Melayu Kedah Melayu Kelantan, Melayu Minang and Melayu Patani. Using data retrieved from the MyHVP (Malaysian Human Variome Project) database, a total of 135 individuals from these sub-ethnic groups were profiled using the Affymetrix GeneChip Mapping Xba 50-K single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array to identify SNPs that were ancestry-informative markers (AIMs) for Malays of Peninsular Malaysia...
September 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
Majid Bashir, Nur Haliza Bt Hassan
Insertion/deletion polymorphisms (INDELs) are a relatively new class of a DNA marker to be used in forensic casework; used most commonly as a supplementary method to STR-based typing. INDELs, like SNPs, are particularly useful for the analysis of highly degraded DNA as the amplicon sizes are typically below 160 bp; they can also be valuable as an additional tool to help resolve kinship cases, with the advantage over STRs that they do not have high mutation rates. INDELs have an advantage over SNPs in that they are length polymorphisms and so can be analyzed by simply measuring the length of the allele(s)...
2016: Methods in Molecular Biology
Md Eaqub Ali, Asing, Sharifah Bee Abd Hamid, Md Abdur Razzak, Nur Raifana Abd Rashid, Md Al Amin, Shuhaimi Mustafa
Malayan box turtle (Cuora amboinensis) has been a wildlife-protected vulnerable turtle species in Malaysia since 2005. However, because of its purported usage in traditional medicine, tonic foods and feeds, clandestine black market trade is rampant. Several polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays for the taxonomic detection and classification of turtle species have been proposed. These assays are based on long-length target amplicons which are assumed to break down under compromised states and, hence, might not be suitable for the forensic tracing and tracking of turtle trafficking...
2015: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
Rafael Braga Esteves, Gerri C Lasiuk, Lucilene Cardoso, Arlene Kent-Wilkinson
BACKGROUND: Over the past two decades, Brazil has made progress in bringing political and community attention to issues related to violence. The recognition of links between violence and health has intensified calls to accelerate the development of a forensic nursing specialty in Brazil. AIM: The aim of this study was to systematically examine and synthesize the literature on the development of the forensic nursing specialty around the globe and to extract important lessons for the establishment of a forensic nursing specialty in Brazil...
October 2014: Journal of Forensic Nursing
Nur Amirah Sulaiman, Khairul Osman, Noor Hazfalinda Hamzah, Sri Pawita Albakri Amir
Deaths due to blunt force trauma to the head as a result of assault are some of the most common cases encountered by the practicing forensic pathologist. Previous studies have shown inflicting injury to the head region is one of the most effective methods of murder. The important factors that determine severity of trauma include the type of weapon used, type and site of skull fracture, intracranial haemorrhage and severity of brain injury. The aim of this study was to determine the characteristics of blunt force trauma to the skull produced by different instruments...
April 2014: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
Gökhan Ersoy, Yavuz Özoran, Arzu Akçay, Melek Ozlem Kolusayin, Işıl Pakış, Halide Nur Urer, Mete Korkut Gülmen, Büge Öz
OBJECTIVE: Forensic autopsies are performed by the forensic medicine department and the microscopic examination processes by pathology specialists within the forensic medicine practice in Turkey. This disconnection in the process raises problems in the training of both branches. The aim of this study was to determine the awareness of pathology staff on forensic medicine practices and responsibilities and their opinion on the pathology training model in the forensic medicine specialty and to discuss the matter within the framework of the present situation and global applications...
2013: Türk Patoloji Dergisi
Naomi Hemy, Ambika Flavel, Nur-Intaniah Ishak, Daniel Franklin
An important component of forensic investigation is the identification of deceased (and increasingly living) individuals, which is often the role of the forensic anthropologist. One of the most valuable steps towards identification is via a biological profile, developed through the application of population specific standards. In disaster victim identification scenarios, fleshed feet are often recovered in footwear; footprints are another potential source of trace evidence found at crime scenes. In medico-legal investigations, feet and footprints can be useful for extrapolating living height, it is thus expedient to determine whether sex can be estimated from the same anthropometric data...
September 10, 2013: Forensic Science International
Naomi Hemy, Ambika Flavel, Nur-Intaniah Ishak, Daniel Franklin
The aim of the study is to develop accurate stature estimation models for a contemporary Western Australian population from measurements of the feet and footprints. The sample comprises 200 adults (90 males, 110 females). A stature measurement, three linear measurements from each foot and bilateral footprints were collected from each subject. Seven linear measurements were then extracted from each print. Prior to data collection, a precision test was conducted to determine the repeatability of measurement acquisition...
July 2013: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Erhan Aysan, Mehmet Ilhan, Hasan Bektas, Evrim Akca Kaya, Bulent Sam, Nur Buyukpinarbasili, Mahmut Muslumanoglu
PURPOSE: The aim of this research was to determine the prevalence of sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus disease (SPSD) based on clinical examination and histopathological evaluation. METHODS: Between January 1, 2010 and December 30, 2010, 432 corpses were evaluated in the Istanbul Central Office of Forensic Medicine Institute of the Turkish Ministry of Health. RESULTS: 41 of the 432 cases (9.4 %) had SPSD-related findings. 20 (4.6 %) had at least one sinus tract (clinical SPSD) and all of them had at least three positive histopathologic parameters...
November 2013: Surgery Today
Halide Nur Urer, Gokhan Ersoy, Emine Dilek Yılmazbayhan
INTRODUCTION: Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) is a morphological prototype of acute interstitial pneumonia. Hospital autopsies or open-lung biopsies are used to monitor common alveolar damage and hyaline membrane (HM) development histopathologically. The aim of this study was to detect histopathological profiles and frequency of DAD and HM in adult forensic autopsies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 6813 reports with histopathological samples in 12,504 cases on which an autopsy was performed between 2006 and 2008 were investigated...
2012: TheScientificWorldJournal
Nur-Intaniah Ishak, Naomi Hemy, Daniel Franklin
As part of the formulation of a biological profile, the estimation of stature is an important element that provides useful data towards narrowing the pool of potentially matching identities. Recent literature has demonstrated that anthropometry of the hand has considerable promise for the accurate estimation of stature; although the technique has only been tested in a relatively limited range of populations. The aim of the present study, therefore, is to assess the reliability and accuracy of using anthropometric hand measurements for the estimation of stature in a contemporary Western Australian population; we also evaluate whether stature can be accurately estimated from the measurement of handprints...
March 10, 2012: Forensic Science International
Abd Rashid Nur Haslindawaty, Sundararajulu Panneerchelvam, Hisham Atan Edinur, Mohd Nor Norazmi, Zainuddin Zafarina
The uniparentally inherited mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is in the limelight for the past two decades, in studies relating to demographic history of mankind and in forensic kinship testing. In this study, human mtDNA hypervariable segments 1, 2, and 3 (HV1, HV2, and HV3) were analyzed in 248 unrelated Malay individuals in Peninsular Malaysia. Combined analyses of HV1, HV2, and HV3 revealed a total of 180 mtDNA haplotypes with 149 unique haplotypes and 31 haplotypes occurring in more than one individual. The genetic diversity was estimated to be 99...
September 2010: International Journal of Legal Medicine
Mesut Mehmet Sönmez, Faik Mustafa Seçkin, Bener Sen, Nur Birgen, Ayşegül Ertan, Irfan Oztürk
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to review malpractice claims concerning orthopedic applications that were sent to the Council of Forensic Medicine by public prosecutors and law courts. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted on 174 malpractice claim files related with orthopedic applications, which had been examined and concluded by the Third Specialized Board of the Council of Forensic Medicine between January 2004 and December 2007. RESULTS: Of 174 files, 129 files were concerned with trauma and 45 files were concerned with orthopedic causes...
August 2009: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Dinç Açikgöz, Tonay Inceboz, Erdem Ozkara, Metin Korkmaz, Nur Birgen, Ibrahim Uzün
Cystic echinococcosis, which is caused by a parasite called Echinococcus granulosus, is a disease frequently find in the liver and in the lungs. In many countries, it is an important public-health problem. This study was done to find out the prevalence of Cystic echinococcosis in forensic autopsies performed for sudden death cases. This investigation was realized between July 2003-January 2004 at Istanbul Forensic Medicine Institution. During this six month period, total of 1687 autopsies were performed. Of those, 56 autopsy cases had macroscopic unknown cysts...
2009: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
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