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Emilia Palazzotto, Giuseppe Gallo, Giovanni Renzone, Anna Giardina, Alberto Sutera, Joohee Silva, Celinè Vocat, Luigi Botta, Andrea Scaloni, Anna Maria Puglia
In the model actinomycete Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2), small open reading frames encoding proteins with unknown functions were identified in several amino acid biosynthetic gene operons, such as SCO2038 (trpX) in the tryptophan trpCXBA locus. In this study, the role of the corresponding protein in tryptophan biosynthesis was investigated by combining phenotypic and molecular analyses. The 2038KO mutant strain was characterized by delayed growth, smaller aerial hyphae and reduced production of spores and actinorhodin antibiotic, with respect to the WT strain...
2016: PloS One
Kevin J Morine, Vikram Paruchuri, Xiaoying Qiao, Mark Aronovitz, Gordon S Huggins, David DeNofrio, Michael S Kiernan, Richard H Karas, Navin K Kapur
INTRODUCTION: Transient receptor potential (TRP) channels are broadly expressed cation channels that mediate diverse physiological stimuli and include canonical (TRPC), melastatin (TRPM), and vanilloid (TRPV) subtypes. Recent studies have implicated a role for TRPC6 channels as an important component of signaling via the cytokine, transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGFβ1) in right (RV) or left ventricular (LV) failure. Endoglin (Eng) is a transmembrane glycoprotein that promotes TRPC6 expression and TGFβ1 activity...
August 21, 2016: Cardiovascular Pathology: the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
Nurgül Dolu, Levent Şahin, Davut Sinan Kaplan, Tuncer Demir, Hasan Şimşek, Mehrican Şahin, Beyhan Cengiz
BACKGROUND/AIM: The objective of this experimental study was to examine the effects of epinephrine, dexmedetomidine, and clonidine added as adjuvants to bupivacaine on block onset and effect times, as well as the effects on the Na+ and Ca+2 channel gene expressions, which may indicate cell damage in the sciatic nerve cell membrane. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rats were divided into five groups: Group S (sham), saline solution; Group B, bupivacaine; Group BD, bupivacaine + dexmedetomidine; Group BC, bupivacaine + clonidine; and Group BE, bupivacaine + epinephrine...
2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
(no author information available yet)
Transient receptor potential (TRP) channel is a superfamily of cation channels located on the cell membrane. TRP channels are classified into seven subfamilies based on the amino acid sequence homology,and transient receptor potential melastatin 2(TRPM2) is the second member of the TRPM subfamily. More evidences have revealed the important roles of TRPM2 in physiological and pathological events such as release of insulin from pancreatic Β-cells,inflammatory cytokines production from cells,and oxidative stress-induced cell death...
June 10, 2016: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
Francesco Marabita, Md Shahidul Islam
OBJECTIVE: Members of the transient receptor potential (TRP) channels are involved in mediating the electrical excitability and stimulus-secretion coupling in the pancreatic β-cells. The expression and the relative abundance of different TRP channels in the human β-cells are unknown. The objective of this study was to examine the expression of the TRP channels and their relative abundance in the human β-cell. METHODS: RNA sequencing data obtained from human islets, fluorescence-activated cell sorting-purified human β-cell and human pancreatic acinar cells were analyzed...
July 25, 2016: Pancreas
Hiroka Suzuki, Eiji Sasaki, Ayumi Nakagawa, Yukiko Muraki, Noriyuki Hatano, Katsuhiko Muraki
The effects of diclofenac (Dic), an acetic acid derivative-type nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, were examined on the function of transient receptor potential (TRP) melastatin (TRPM) 3 (TRPM3) in human embryonic kidney 293 cell-line (HEK293) cells with recombinant human TRPM3 isoforms (TRPM31325, TRPM3-3, TRPM3-9, and TRPM3-S) and in a neuroblastoma cell line human neuroblastoma IMR-32 cells (IMR-32 cells) derived from human peripheral neurons. TRPM3 responses evoked by pregnenolone sulfate (PregS) were effectively inhibited by Dic in a concentration-dependent manner in Ca(2+) measurement and electrophysiological assays...
June 2016: Pharmacology Research & Perspectives
Won Uk Koh, Seong-Soo Choi, Ji Hyun Kim, Hye Joo Yoon, Ho-Soo Ahn, Sun Kyung Lee, Jeong Gil Leem, Jun Gol Song, Jin Woo Shin
BACKGROUND: Resiniferatoxin (RTX) is a potent analog of capsaicin and activates transient receptor potential (TRP) vanilloid type (TRPV) 1. In the current study, we investigated the preventive effect of perineural RTX on the development of cold hypersensitivity induced by spinal nerve ligation (SNL) in rats. Furthermore, we examined the association between the expression level of TRPV1, TRP ankyrin type (TRPA) 1 and TRP melastatin type (TRPM) 8 in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) and cold hypersensitivity after SNL...
2016: BMC Neuroscience
Michael G Leitner, Niklas Michel, Marc Behrendt, Marlen Dierich, Sandeep Dembla, Bettina U Wilke, Maik Konrad, Moritz Lindner, Johannes Oberwinkler, Dominik Oliver
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Signalling through phospholipase C (PLC) controls many cellular processes. Much information on the relevance of this important pathway has been derived from pharmacological inhibition of the enzymatic activity of PLC. We found that the most frequently employed PLC inhibitor, U73122, activates endogenous ionic currents in widely used cell lines. Given the extensive use of U73122 in research, we set out to identify these U73122-sensitive ion channels. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: We performed detailed biophysical analysis of the U73122-induced currents in frequently used cell lines...
August 2016: British Journal of Pharmacology
Min Zhao, Chenhui Luo, Ying Wang, Jing Wang
The transient receptor potential (TRP) family is a superfamily of cation channels located on the cell membrane. Transient receptor potential melastatin (TRPM) 7, a member of the TRPM subgroup of TRP channels, and was the most representative biofunctional membrane protein. It conducts calcium and monovalent cations to depolarize cells and increase intracellular calcium. It is capable of phosphorylating TRPM7 and other substrates. TRPM7 can mediate sensory transmission, regulate cellular Ca2+ and Mg2+ homeostasis and affect embryonic development...
March 28, 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
Zhaoguo Liu, Hongyan Wu, Zhonghong Wei, Xu Wang, Peiliang Shen, Siliang Wang, Aiyun Wang, Wenxing Chen, Yin Lu
Transient receptor potential (TRP) cation channel superfamily plays critical roles in variety of processes, including temperature perception, pain transduction, vasorelaxation, male fertility, and tumorigenesis. One of seven families within the TRP superfamily of ion channels, the melastatin, or TRPM family comprises a group of eight structurally and functionally diverse channels. Of all the members of TRPM subfamily, TRPM8 is the most notable one. A lot of literatures have demonstrated that transient receptor potential melastatin 8 (TRPM8) could perform a myriad of functions in vertebrates and invertebrates alike...
September 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Yuko Komiya, Loren W Runnels
Magnesium (Mg(2+)) is the second most abundant cellular cation and is essential for all stages of life, from the early embryo to adult. Mg(2+) deficiency causes or contributes to many human diseases, including migraine headaches, Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, hypotension, type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiac arrhythmias. Although the concentration of Mg(2+) in the extracellular environment can vary significantly, the total intracellular Mg(2+) concentration is actively maintained within a relatively narrow range (14 - 20 mM) via tight, yet poorly understood, regulation of intracellular Mg(2+)by Mg(2+) transporters and Mg(2+)-permeant ion channels...
2015: International Journal of Developmental Biology
Kunitoshi Uchida, Lusine Demirkhanyan, Swapna Asuthkar, Alejandro Cohen, Makoto Tominaga, Eleonora Zakharian
The transient receptor potential melastatin (TRPM)-3 channel is critical for various physiologic processes. In somatosensory neurons, TRPM3 has been implicated in temperature perception and inflammatory hyperalgesia, whereas in pancreatic β-cells the channel has been linked to glucose-induced insulin release. As a typical representative of the TRP family, TRPM3 is highly polymodal. In cells, it is activated by heat and chemical agonists, including pregnenolone sulfate (PS) and nifedipine (Nif). To define the nuances of TRPM3 channel activity and its modulators, we succeeded in incorporating the TRPM3 protein into planar lipid bilayers...
March 2016: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Eric J Lambie, Robert D Bruce, Jeffrey Zielich, Sonia N Yuen
TRP (Transient Receptor Potential) cation channels of the TRPM subfamily have been found to be critically important for the regulation of Mg2+ homeostasis in both protostomes (e.g., the nematode, C. elegans, and the insect, D. melanogaster) and deuterostomes (e.g., humans). Although significant progress has been made toward understanding how the activities of these channels are regulated, there are still major gaps in our understanding of the potential regulatory roles of extensive, evolutionarily conserved, regions of these proteins...
2015: PloS One
Kunihiko Yasuda, Mayumi Takahashi, Nozomu Mori
NatB is an N-terminal acetyltransferase consisting of a catalytic Nat5 subunit and an auxiliary Mdm20 subunit. In yeast, NatB acetylates N-terminal methionines of proteins during de novo protein synthesis and also regulates actin remodeling through N-terminal acetylation of tropomyosin (Trpm), which stabilizes the actin cytoskeleton by interacting with actin. However, in mammalian cells, the biological functions of the Mdm20 and Nat5 subunits are not well understood. In the present study, we show for the first time that Mdm20-knockdown (KD), but not Nat5-KD, in HEK293 and HeLa cells suppresses not only cell growth, but also cellular motility...
2015: PloS One
Sabrina Mindthoff, Silke Grunau, Laura L Steinfort, Wolfgang Girzalsky, J Kalervo Hiltunen, Ralf Erdmann, Vasily D Antonenkov
More than 30 proteins (Pex proteins) are known to participate in the biogenesis of peroxisomes-ubiquitous oxidative organelles involved in lipid and ROS metabolism. The Pex11 family of homologous proteins is responsible for division and proliferation of peroxisomes. We show that yeast Pex11 is a pore-forming protein sharing sequence similarity with TRPM cation-selective channels. The Pex11 channel with a conductance of Λ=4.1 nS in 1.0M KCl is moderately cation-selective (PK(+)/PCl(-)=1.85) and resistant to voltage-dependent closing...
February 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Serdar Oztuzcu, Ahmet M Onat, Yavuz Pehlivan, Fatma Alibaz-Oner, Salim Donmez, Gozde Y Cetin, Servet Yolbas, Ibrahim Bozgeyik, Neslihan Yilmaz, Metin Ozgen, Yonca Cagatay, Bunyamin Kisacik, Suleyman S Koca, Omer Nuri Pamuk, Mehmet Sayarlioglu, Haner Direskeneli, Abdullah T Demiryurek
BACKGROUND/AIM: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an inflammatory disease characterized by vascular abnormalities and fibrosis. The aim of the present study was to investigate the possible role of transient receptor potential melastatin (TRPM) channel genes in the susceptibility and phenotype expression of SSc. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 339 patients with SSc and 302 healthy controls were studied. Genomic DNA was extracted from leukocytes of the peripheral blood, and 25 single nucleotide polymorphisms in the TRPM channel genes were analyzed by the BioMark HD dynamic array system...
November 2015: In Vivo
Kenzo Koizumi, Gang Wang, Laibaik Park
Alzheimer's disease (AD) and cerebrovascular diseases share common vascular risk factors that have disastrous effects on cerebrovascular regulation. Endothelial cells, lining inner walls of cerebral blood vessels, form a dynamic interface between the blood and the brain and are critical for the maintenance of neurovascular homeostasis. Accordingly, injury in endothelial cells is regarded as one of the earliest symptoms of impaired vasoregulatory mechanisms. Extracellular buildup of amyloid-β (Aβ) is a central pathogenic factor in AD...
March 2016: Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology
Hee Joo Choi, Daniel Sun, Tatjana C Jakobs
PURPOSE: To establish whether optic nerve head astrocytes express candidate molecules to sense tissue stretch. METHODS: We used conventional PCR, quantitative PCR, and single-cell reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR) to assess the expression of various members of the transient receptor potential (TRP) channel family and of the recently characterized mechanosensitive channels Piezo1 and 2 in optic nerve head tissue and in single, isolated astrocytes. RESULTS: Most TRP subfamilies (TRPC, TRPM, TRPV, TRPA, and TRPP) and Piezo1 and 2 were expressed in the optic nerve head of the mouse...
2015: Molecular Vision
Yuyang Sun, Pramod Sukumaran, Anne Schaar, Brij B Singh
Calcium (Ca(2+)) and magnesium (Mg(2+)) ions have been shown to play an important role in regulating various neuronal functions. In the present review we focus on the emerging role of transient potential melastatin-7 (TRPM7) channel in not only regulating Ca(2+) and Mg(2+) homeostasis necessary for biological functions, but also how alterations in TRPM7 function/expression could induce neurodegeneration. Although eight TRPM channels have been identified, the channel properties, mode of activation, and physiological responses of various TRPM channels are quite distinct...
2015: Channels
Sonja M Mueller-Tribbensee, Manoj Karna, Mohammad Khalil, Markus F Neurath, Peter W Reeh, Matthias A Engel
BACKGROUND: Various transient receptor potential (TRP) channels in sensory neurons contribute to the transduction of mechanical stimuli in the colon. Recently, even the cold-sensing menthol receptor TRPM(melastatin)8 was suggested to be involved in murine colonic mechano-nociception. METHODS: To analyze the roles of TRPM8, TRPA1 and TRPV4 in distension-induced colonic nociception and pain, TRP-deficient mice and selective pharmacological blockers in wild-type mice (WT) were used...
2015: PloS One
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