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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093042/digital-media-and-risks-for-adolescent-substance-abuse-and-problematic-gambling
#1
REVIEW
Dan Romer, Megan Moreno
Digital media provide increased opportunities for both marketing and social transmission of risky products and behavior. We briefly review what is known about adolescent exposure to favorable presentations of addictive substances, such as alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana, as well as behaviors such as gambling, on social and other online media. Our understanding of these influences and whether they require greater regulation is still developing, and recommendations for future research to address these gaps in our understanding are described...
November 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056980/youth-mental-health-family-practice-and-knowledge-translation-video-games-about-psychosis-family-physicians-perspectives
#2
Manuela Ferrari, Archie Suzanne
OBJECTIVE: Family practitioners face many challenges providing mental healthcare to youth. Digital technology may offer solutions, but the products often need to be adapted for primary care. This study reports on family physicians' perspectives on the relevance and feasibility of a digital knowledge translation (KT) tool, a set of video games, designed to raise awareness about psychosis, marijuana use, and facilitate access to mental health services among youth. METHOD: As part of an integrated knowledge translation project, five family physicians from a family health team participated in a focus group...
2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981452/commuting-life-satisfaction-and-internet-addiction
#3
Bernd Lachmann, Rayna Sariyska, Christopher Kannen, Maria Stavrou, Christian Montag
The focus of the present work was on the association between commuting (business and private), life satisfaction, stress, and (over-) use of the Internet. Considering that digital devices are omnipresent in buses and trains, no study has yet investigated if commuting contributes to the development of Internet addiction. Overall, N = 5039 participants (N = 3477 females, age M = 26.79, SD = 10.68) took part in an online survey providing information regarding their commuting behavior, Internet addiction, personality, life satisfaction, and stress perception...
October 5, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895615/-methamphetamine-use-in-central-germany-a-qualitative-study-on-consumer-groups-and-motives-from-the-experts-perspective
#4
Laura Hoffmann, Nadine Schumann, Matthias Richter
Background Methamphetamine is one of the most consumed illegal drugs worldwide. In Germany, Methamphetamine shows the highest rates of growth in comparison to other illegal substances in recent years. Particularly Central Germany has been struck by a high rise in consumption. International studies indicate that there is no specific group of people that can be identified as Methamphetamine users. Different consumption patterns in terms of Methamphetamine use can be identified within various social groups. This qualitative study will explore different consumer groups among methamphetamine users, their motives, and how they differ by drug addiction type...
September 11, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861803/electro-acupuncture-treatment-for-internet-addiction-evidence-of-normalization-of-impulse-control-disorder-in-adolescents
#5
Yang Yang, Hui Li, Xi-Xi Chen, Luo-Ming Zhang, Bing-Jie Huang, Tian-Min Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To observe the impacts of electro-acupuncture (EA) and psychological intervention (PI) on impulsive behavior among internet addiction (IA) adolescents. METHODS: Thirty-two IA adolescents were allocated to either EA (16 cases) or PI (16 cases) group by a randomized digital table. Subjects in the EA group received EA treatment and subjects in the PI group received cognition and behavior therapy. All adolescents underwent 45-d intervention. Sixteen healthy volunteers were recruited into a control group...
November 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816518/balancing-between-prejudice-and-fact-for-gaming-disorder-does-the-existence-of-alcohol-use-disorder-stigmatize-healthy-drinkers-or-impede-scientific-research
#6
Seung-Yup Lee, Hyekyung Choo, Hae Kook Lee
The inclusion of Gaming Disorder (GD) criteria in the 11th Revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) beta draft was recently criticized, and an argument was made for its removal to "avoid a waste of public resources." However, these misleading statements are believed to be based on under estimation of this ever-growing problem. Such claims may endanger public health and the psychosocial well-being of affected individuals. Thus, the seriousness of the problem was briefly emphasized in our response paper...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803249/a-brief-outline-of-the-use-of-new-technologies-for-treating-substance-use-disorders-in-the-european-union
#7
GianLuca Quaglio, Arnt Schellekens, Matthijs Blankers, Eva Hoch, Theodoros Karapiperis, Giovanni Esposito, Helmut Brand, David Nutt, Falk Kiefer
BACKGROUND: Clinicians in the field of drug addiction have started to exploit the growth of Technology-Based Interventions (TBIs). However, there is little information on how health personnel evaluate them. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted among 20 European experts. RESULTS: All of the interviewees recognised TBIs as a valuable tool to improve the management of substance-use disorders (SUDs). Most interviewees indicated that combining both traditional face-to-face therapist-patient clinic appointment with TBIs is probably the most effective method...
2017: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759186/endocrine-and-haemodynamic-stress-responses-to-an-arithmetic-cognitive-challenge
#8
Domenico Trico, Alberto Fanfani, Francesca Varocchi, Giampaolo Bernini
OBJECTIVE: We aimed at developing and validating a simple, highly repeatable computer-based tool, which could be employed to simulate the effects of an acute mental stress on endocrine and haemodynamic stress responses. METHODS: Fifteen subjects underwent a mental cognitive challenge, employing an ad hoc designed web tool (available at http://bagame.altervista.org) that proposed a series of random arithmetic operations (addictions or subtractions) between one- to three-digit numbers for 10 minutes...
July 2, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726549/homeless-veterans-experiences-with-substance-use-recovery-and-treatment-through-photo-elicitation
#9
Samuel F Sestito, Keri L Rodriguez, Shaddy K Saba, James W Conley, Michael A Mitchell, Adam J Gordon
BACKGROUND: Homeless veterans often have addictions and comorbidities that complicate utilization of longitudinal health care services, such as primary care. An understanding of experiences of veterans enrolled in a Homeless Patient Aligned Care Team (H-PACT) may improve addiction treatment engagement in these settings. The authors aimed to describe H-PACT veterans' experiences with substance use (SU), substance use recovery (SUR), and substance use treatment (SUT). METHODS: Homeless veterans were recruited from a veteran primary care medical home clinic between September 2014 and March 2015...
July 20, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692420/use-of-a-smartphone-recovery-tool-for-latinos-with-co-occurring-alcohol-and-other-drug-disorders-and-mental-disorders
#10
Jordana Muroff, Winslow Robinson, Deborah Chassler, Luz M López, Erika Gaitan, Lena Lundgren, Claudia Guauque, Susan Dargon-Hart, Emily Stewart, Diliana Dejesus, Kimberly Johnson, Klaren Pe-Romashko, David H Gustafson
OBJECTIVE: Addressing alcohol and other drug disorders (AOD) and other mental disorders (MD) among adult Hispanics/Latinos is of critical concern being one of the fastest growing ethnic groups with a disproportionate rate of disease, mental disorders, and poverty. Although improvement in outcomes is associated with sustained participation in ongoing treatment for co-occurring AOD/MD, continuing care is rare for these chronic conditions, especially for Latinos with more limited access to culturally and linguistically competent services...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599118/sensory-metrics-of-neuromechanical-trust
#11
William Softky, Criscillia Benford
Today digital sources supply a historically unprecedented component of human sensorimotor data, the consumption of which is correlated with poorly understood maladies such as Internet addiction disorder and Internet gaming disorder. Because both natural and digital sensorimotor data share common mathematical descriptions, one can quantify our informational sensorimotor needs using the signal processing metrics of entropy, noise, dimensionality, continuity, latency, and bandwidth. Such metrics describe in neutral terms the informational diet human brains require to self-calibrate, allowing individuals to maintain trusting relationships...
September 2017: Neural Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504422/effects-of-mobile-phones-on-children-s-and-adolescents-health-a-commentary
#12
Lennart Hardell
The use of digital technology has grown rapidly during the last couple of decades. During use, mobile phones and cordless phones emit radiofrequency (RF) radiation. No previous generation has been exposed during childhood and adolescence to this kind of radiation. The brain is the main target organ for RF emissions from the handheld wireless phone. An evaluation of the scientific evidence on the brain tumor risk was made in May 2011 by the International Agency for Research on Cancer at World Health Organization...
May 15, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475942/distinct-cognitive-performance-and-patterns-of-drug-use-among-early-and-late-onset-cocaine-users
#13
Bruna Mayara Lopes, Priscila Dib Gonçalves, Mariella Ometto, Bernardo Dos Santos, Mikael Cavallet, Tiffany Moukbel Chaim-Avancini, Mauricio Henriques Serpa, Sergio Nicastri, André Malbergier, Geraldo F Busatto, Arthur Guerra de Andrade, Paulo Jannuzzi Cunha
INTRODUCTION: Adolescence is a crucial period for neurodevelopment, but few studies have investigated the impact of early cocaine use on cognitive performance and patterns of substance use. METHODS: We evaluated 103 cocaine dependent inpatients divided in two groups: early-onset users (EOG; n=52), late-onset users (LOG; n=51), and 63 healthy controls. Neuropsychological functioning was evaluated using Digits Forward (DF) and Backward (DB), Trail Making Test (TMT), Stroop Color Word Test (SCWT), Controlled Oral Word Association Test (COWAT), Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST), Rey Osterrieth Complex Figure Test (ROCFT), Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB), and Iowa Gambling Test (IGT)...
April 29, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445137/monitoring-of-kras-mutated-ctdna-to-discriminate-pseudo-progression-from-true-progression-during-anti-pd-1-treatment-of-lung-adenocarcinoma
#14
Nicolas Guibert, Julien Mazieres, Myriam Delaunay, Anne Casanova, Magali Farella, Laura Keller, Gilles Favre, Anne Pradines
OBJECTIVES: Pseudo-progression is a rare but worrying situation for both clinicians and patients during immunotherapy. Dedicated ir-RECIST criteria have been established to improve this situation. However, this can be sometimes considered inadequate and patients experiencing true progression may then receive inefficient treatments. Additional reliable tools to discriminate pseudo from true progression are thus needed. So far, no biomarker has been identified to distinguish pseudo from true progression...
June 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358645/the-relationship-between-second-to-fourth-digit-2d-4d-ratios-and-problematic-and-pathological-internet-use-among-turkish-university-students
#15
Fatih Canan, Servet Karaca, Melike Düzgün, Ayşe Merve Erdem, Esranur Karaçaylı, Nur Begüm Topan, Sang-Kyu Lee, Zu Wei Zhai, Murat Kuloğlu, Marc N Potenza
Background and aims The ratio of the second and fourth fingers (2D:4D ratio) is a sexually dimorphic trait, with men tending to have lower values than women. This ratio has been related to prenatal testosterone concentrations and addictive behaviors including problematic video-gaming. We aimed to investigate the possible association between 2D:4D ratios and Internet addiction and whether such a relationship would be independent of impulsivity. Methods A total of 652 university students (369 women, 283 men), aged 17-27 years, were enrolled in the study...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213340/demographic-and-indication-specific-characteristics-have-limited-association-with-social-network-engagement-evidence-from-24-954-members-of-four-health-care-support-groups
#16
MULTICENTER STUDY
Trevor van Mierlo, Xinlong Li, Douglas Hyatt, Andrew T Ching
BACKGROUND: Digital health social networks (DHSNs) are widespread, and the consensus is that they contribute to wellness by offering social support and knowledge sharing. The success of a DHSN is based on the number of participants and their consistent creation of externalities through the generation of new content. To promote network growth, it would be helpful to identify characteristics of superusers or actors who create value by generating positive network externalities. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the feasibility of developing predictive models that identify potential superusers in real time...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145657/comparison-of-qeeg-findings-between-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-without-comorbidity-and-adhd-comorbid-with-internet-gaming-disorder
#17
Jeong Ha Park, Ji Sun Hong, Doug Hyun Han, Kyoung Joon Min, Young Sik Lee, Baik Seok Kee, Sun Mi Kim
Internet gaming disorder (IGD) is often comorbid with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). In this study, we compared the neurobiological differences between ADHD comorbid with IGD (ADHD+IGD group) and ADHD without comorbidity (ADHD-only group) by analyzing quantitative electroencephalogram (QEEG) findings. We recruited 16 male ADHD+IGD, 15 male ADHD-only adolescent patients, and 15 male healthy controls (HC group). Participants were assessed using Young's Internet Addiction Scale and ADHD Rating Scale...
March 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960229/automated-telephone-communication-systems-for-preventive-healthcare-and-management-of-long-term-conditions
#18
REVIEW
Pawel Posadzki, Nikolaos Mastellos, Rebecca Ryan, Laura H Gunn, Lambert M Felix, Yannis Pappas, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Steven A Julious, Liming Xiang, Brian Oldenburg, Josip Car
BACKGROUND: Automated telephone communication systems (ATCS) can deliver voice messages and collect health-related information from patients using either their telephone's touch-tone keypad or voice recognition software. ATCS can supplement or replace telephone contact between health professionals and patients. There are four different types of ATCS: unidirectional (one-way, non-interactive voice communication), interactive voice response (IVR) systems, ATCS with additional functions such as access to an expert to request advice (ATCS Plus) and multimodal ATCS, where the calls are delivered as part of a multicomponent intervention...
December 14, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878808/interventions-for-tobacco-use-cessation-in-people-in-treatment-for-or-recovery-from-substance-use-disorders
#19
REVIEW
Dorie Apollonio, Rose Philipps, Lisa Bero
BACKGROUND: Smoking rates in people with alcohol and other drug dependencies are two to four times those of the general population. Concurrent treatment of tobacco dependence has been limited due to concern that these interventions are not successful in this population or that recovery from other addictions could be compromised if tobacco cessation was combined with other drug dependency treatment. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether interventions for tobacco cessation are associated with tobacco abstinence for people in concurrent treatment for or in recovery from alcohol and other drug dependence...
November 23, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862172/investigation-of-brain-electrophysiological-properties-among-heroin-addicts-quantitative-eeg-and-event-related-potentials
#20
Farid Motlagh, Fatimah Ibrahim, Rusdi Rashid, Tahereh Seghatoleslam, Hussain Habil
This study aims to introduce a new approach of a comprehensive paradigm to evaluate brain electrophysiological properties among addicts. Electroencephalographic spectral power as well as amplitudes and latencies of mismatch negativity (MMN), P300, and P600 components were evaluated among 19 male heroin addicts and 19 healthy nonsmoker subjects using a paradigm consisting of three subparadigms, namely (1) digit span Wechsler test, (2) auditory oddball, and (3) visual cue-reactivity oddball paradigms. Task 1 provided auditory P300 and P600 in association with working memory...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Research
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