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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775836/cognitive-and-behavioural-dispositions-in-offspring-at-high-risk-for-alcoholism
#1
Rajesh Kumar, Keshav Janakiprasad Kumar, Vivek Benegal
OBJECTIVES: Offspring with family history of alcoholism are considered to be at high risk for alcoholism. The present study sought to expand our understanding of cognitive and behavioural dispositions associated with executive control and self-regulation in alcohol naïve offspring with and without family history of alcoholism. METHODS: Sample comprised of alcohol naive offspring in two groups: (i) at high risk (n = 34) and (ii) at low risk for alcoholism (n = 34)...
May 15, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720954/the-internet-is-not-a-tool-reappraising-the-model-for-internet-addiction-disorder-based-on-the-constraints-and-opportunities-of-the-digital-environment
#2
Alessandro Musetti, Paola Corsano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700626/the-use-of-smartphones-in-different-phases-of-medical-school-and-its-relationship-to-internet-addiction-and-learning-approaches
#3
Mathias Paulo Loredo E Silva, Brenda Dutra de Souza Matos, Oscarina da Silva Ezequiel, Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Giancarlo Lucchetti
The use of smartphones is revolutionizing the way information is acquired, leading to profound modifications in teaching medicine. Nevertheless, inadvertent use can negatively affect student learning. The present study aims to evaluate smartphone use in the educational context as well as Internet addiction and its repercussions on surface and deep learning and to compare them during the different phases of medical students' education. This is a cross-sectional study involving medical students in all phases of education...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694321/problematic-internet-use-maladaptive-future-time-perspective-and-school-context
#4
María J Díaz-Aguado, Javier Martín-Babarro, Laia Falcón
BACKGROUND: Spain is among the European countries with the highest prevalence of adolescents at risk of Internet addiction, a problem that could be linked to youth unemployment and leaving education early. This research evaluated the role of three variables relative to school context on Problematic Internet Use (PIU) and on the relationship between PIU and Maladaptive Future Time Perspective (MFTP, defined as an excessive focus on the present and a fatalistic attitude towards the future, a variable that had not previously been studied in terms of its relationship to adolescents' PIU)...
May 2018: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687075/emotion-dysregulation-and-negative-affect-laboratory-and-ema-investigations-in-smokers
#5
Jessica M MacIntyre, Aimee C Ruscio, Emily Brede, Andrew J Waters
Introduction: Difficulties in emotion regulation are associated with addictive behaviors, including smoking. Difficulties in emotion regulation may underlie large, rapid changes in negative affect that can increase likelihood of relapse. We investigated the association between emotion regulation ability and negative affect in smokers assessed both in the laboratory and in the field using Ecological Momentary Assessment. Methods: Adult community smokers ( N  = 44) carried a personal digital assistant (PDA) for two weeks and were instructed to complete assessments of negative affect multiple times per day...
June 2018: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569336/nonmedical-prescription-stimulant-users-experience-subjective-but-not-objective-impairments-in-attention-and-impulsivity
#6
Alison Looby, Sarah Sant'Ana
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Nonmedical prescription stimulant use is frequently reported by college students to improve academic performance, yet it is unknown whether users truly experience cognitive impairments that may drive use. This research compared students with at least one report of nonmedical prescription stimulant use and nonusers on both self-report and objective measures of inattention and impulsivity. METHODS: Two studies examined inattention (N = 155) and impulsivity (N = 115) among college students...
March 23, 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558814/selfitis-selfie-addiction-twitteritis-irresistible-appeal-of-medical-terminology-for-problematic-behaviours-in-the-digital-age
#7
Vladan Starcevic, Joël Billieux, Adriano Schimmenti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545756/e-addictology-an-overview-of-new-technologies-for-assessing-and-intervening-in-addictive-behaviors
#8
REVIEW
Florian Ferreri, Alexis Bourla, Stephane Mouchabac, Laurent Karila
Background: New technologies can profoundly change the way we understand psychiatric pathologies and addictive disorders. New concepts are emerging with the development of more accurate means of collecting live data, computerized questionnaires, and the use of passive data. Digital phenotyping , a paradigmatic example, refers to the use of computerized measurement tools to capture the characteristics of different psychiatric disorders. Similarly, machine learning-a form of artificial intelligence-can improve the classification of patients based on patterns that clinicians have not always considered in the past...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540927/use-of-digital-technology-in-addiction-disorders
#9
REVIEW
Mrunal Bandawar, Venkata Lakshmi Narasimha, Prabhat Chand
The expanding use of digital technology in mental health has widened the scope of emerging addiction interventions. This review focus on the use of technological advances in the field of addiction and mental health. We discuss about how these advances has been implemented in addiction treatment and research. Further, we also mention about the utilisation of these services in India.
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540913/brief-screening-for-cognitive-impairment-in-addictive-disorders
#10
Arun Gupta, Pratima Murthy, Shobini Rao
Chronic use of mind altering substances can lead to a wide variety of neuropsychological deficits, affecting the domains of attention, learning, memory, reasoning. Executive functions such as working memory, cognitive flexibility and inhibitory control may specifically be impaired. These deficits can impact engagement in effective psychosocial interventions. Mild to moderate cognitive dysfunction may not be picked up in routine clinical examination or through commonly used tests like the mini-mental state examination (MMSE)...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540910/guidelines-for-psychosocial-interventions-in-addictive-disorders-in-india-an-introduction-and-overview
#11
EDITORIAL
Pratima Murthy
While guidelines for psychosocial interventions in addictive disorders in India were earlier rooted in clinical experience and global empirical evidence, recently there have been efforts to develop guidelines for intervention based on the local needs assessments of specific populations and more appreciably, a testing of the effectiveness of the interventions. This supplement on psychosocial interventions for addictive disorders covers some of the important aspects of psychosocial interventions in five sections...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520791/self-perceived-oral-symptoms-and-periodontal-status-among-young-intravenous-heroin-addicts-a-cross-sectional-case-control-study
#12
Abid Mehmood, Tariq Abduljabbar, Nawwaf Al-Hamoudi, Elham Gholamiazizi, Sergio Varela Kellesarian, Fahim Vohra, Fawad Javed
BACKGROUND: It is hypothesized that (a) self-perceived oral symptoms (OSs) are worse in intravenous heroin addicts (IHA) than controls; and (b) clinical periodontal inflammatory parameters (plaque index [PI], bleeding on probing [BOP], PD and clinical attachment loss [AL]), number of missing teeth (MT) and radiographic marginal bone loss (MBL) are higher in IHA compared with controls. The aim was to compare the self-perceived OSs and periodontal parameters among young IHA and controls...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510968/technology-and-social-media-use-among-patients-enrolled-in-outpatient-addiction-treatment-programs-cross-sectional-survey-study
#13
Robert D Ashford, Kevin Lynch, Brenda Curtis
BACKGROUND: Substance use disorder research and practice have not yet taken advantage of emerging changes in communication patterns. While internet and social media use is widespread in the general population, little is known about how these mediums are used in substance use disorder treatment. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this paper were to provide data on patients' with substance use disorders mobile phone ownership rates, usage patterns on multiple digital platforms (social media, internet, computer, and mobile apps), and their interest in the use of these platforms to monitor personal recovery...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502753/internet-and-video-game-addictions-diagnosis-epidemiology-and-neurobiology
#14
REVIEW
Clifford J Sussman, James M Harper, Jessica L Stahl, Paul Weigle
In the past 2 decades, there has been substantial increase in availability and use of digital technologies, including the Internet, computer games, smart phones, and social media. Behavioral addiction to use of technologies spawned a body of related research. The recent inclusion of Internet gaming disorder as a condition for further study in the DSM-V invigorated a new wave of researchers, thereby expanding our understanding of these conditions. This article reviews current research, theory, and practice regarding the diagnosis, epidemiology, and neurobiology of Internet and video game addictions...
April 2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499467/adverse-physiological-and-psychological-effects-of-screen-time-on-children-and-adolescents-literature-review-and-case-study
#15
Gadi Lissak
A growing body of literature is associating excessive and addictive use of digital media with physical, psychological, social and neurological adverse consequences. Research is focusing more on mobile devices use, and studies suggest that duration, content, after-dark-use, media type and the number of devices are key components determining screen time effects. Physical health effects: excessive screen time is associated with poor sleep and risk factors for cardiovascular diseases such as high blood pressure, obesity, low HDL cholesterol, poor stress regulation (high sympathetic arousal and cortisol dysregulation), and Insulin Resistance...
July 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491773/digital-traces-of-behaviour-within-addiction-response-to-griffiths-2017
#16
EDITORIAL
David A Ellis, Linda K Kaye, Thomas D W Wilcockson, Francesca C Ryding
Griffiths' (2017) response to the recent commentary piece by Ryding and Kaye (2017) on "Internet Addiction: A conceptual minefield" provided a useful critique and extension of some key issues. We take this opportunity to further build upon on one of these issues to provide some further insight into how the field of "internet addiction" (IA) or technological addictions more generally, may benefit from capitalising on behavioural data. As such, this response extends Griffiths' (2007) points surrounding the efficacy of behavioural data previously used in studies on problematic gambling, to consider its merit for future research on IA or associated topics such as Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) or "Smartphone addiction"...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473855/children-s-environmental-health-in-the-digital-era-understanding-early-screen-exposure-as-a-preventable-risk-factor-for-obesity-and-sleep-disorders
#17
Candice Wolf, Seth Wolf, Miriam Weiss, Gustavo Nino
The quantity, accessibility and focus on child-targeted programming has exponentially increased since it entered American households in the early 1900s. It may have started with the television (TV), but technology has evolved and now fits in our pockets; as of 2017, 95% of American families own a smartphone. Availability and child-tailored content has subsequently led to a decrease in the age at initial screen exposure. The negative effects that accompany the current culture of early screen exposure are extensive and need to be considered as technology continues to enter the home and inundate social interactions...
February 23, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384207/influence-of-internet-addiction-on-executive-function-and-learning-attention-in-taiwanese-school-aged-children
#18
Shu-Yu Kuo, Yu-Ting Chen, Yu-Kai Chang, Pi-Hsia Lee, Mei-Ju Liu, Su-Ru Chen
PURPOSE: This study aims to evaluate the executive function and learning attention in children with internet addiction (IA). DESIGN AND METHODS: Children aged 10-12 were screened by Chinese Internet Addiction Scale to compose the IA group and internet nonaddiction group. Their executive functions were evaluated by Stroop color and word test, Wisconsin card sorting test, and Wechsler digit span test. Learning attention was evaluated by Chinese concentration questionnaire...
January 31, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275219/internet-addiction-at-workplace-and-it-implication-for-workers-life-style-exploration-from-southern-india
#19
Apoorva Shrivastava, Manoj Kumar Sharma, Palaniappan Marimuthu
BACKGROUND: Industries are focusing on digitization of their working environment. It helps in enhanced productivity as well as communication among workers. It also lead to higher usages of internet for non work related use at workplace. It affect their productivity at workplace. The present study was undertaken to explore internet use in Information technology (IT) industry and non IT industry, to see its consequence and effect on lifestyle and functioning. METHODS AND MATERIALS: 250 employees of various Government/Private sector organizations(using internet for more than a year and education level of graduation and above) were approached for the assessment using cross sectional research design...
February 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249989/the-2d-4d-marker-and-different-forms-of-internet-use-disorder
#20
Marko Müller, Matthias Brand, Julia Mies, Bernd Lachmann, Rayna Yordanova Sariyska, Christian Montag
Internet use disorder (IUD) presents a growing problem worldwide. Among others, it manifests in loss of control over Internet usage and social problems due to problematic Internet use. Although IUD currently is not an official diagnosis in DSM-5 or ICD-10, mounting evidence suggests that IUD indeed could be categorized as a behavioral addiction. On a systemic neuroscientific level, IUD is well characterized and dysfunctions in the fronto-striatal-limbic loop have been observed in persons being afflicted with IUD...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
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