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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098666/definition-of-substance-and-non-substance-addiction
#1
Zhiling Zou, Huijun Wang, Federico d'Oleire Uquillas, Xiaomei Wang, Jianrui Ding, Hong Chen
Substance addiction (or drug addiction) is a neuropsychiatric disorder characterized by a recurring desire to continue taking the drug despite harmful consequences. Non-substance addiction (or behavioral addiction) covers pathological gambling, food addiction, internet addiction, and mobile phone addiction. Their definition is similar to drug addiction but they differ from each other in specific domains. This review aims to provide a brief overview of past and current definitions of substance and non-substance addiction, and also touches on the topic of diagnosing drug addiction and non-drug addiction, ultimately aiming to further the understanding of the key concepts needed for a foundation to study the biological and psychological underpinnings of addiction disorders...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926906/the-influence-of-alexithymia-on-mobile-phone-addiction-the-role-of-depression-anxiety-and-stress
#2
Tingting Gao, Jiaomeng Li, Han Zhang, Jinglei Gao, Yixi Kong, Yueyang Hu, Songli Mei
BACKGROUND: Alexithymia is an important predictor of mobile phone addiction. Enhancing and improving college students' mental health can reduce the rate of mobile phone addiction. However, it is not clear about the role of depression, anxiety and stress in the relationship between college students' alexithymia and mobile phone addiction. METHODS: A total of 1105 college students were tested with the Toronto Alexithymia Scale, the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale and the Mobile Phone Addiction Index...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852246/technology-addiction-survey-an-emerging-concern-for-raising-awareness-and-promotion-of-healthy-use-of-technology
#3
Manoj Kumar Sharma, Girish N Rao, Vivek Benegal, K Thennarasu, Divya Thomas
BACKGROUND: Technology use has shown an impact of users' lifestyle. The use has been attributed to psychosocial reasons. This usage manifests as excessive to addictive use of technology. There is a need to explore its addictive potential on large sample study as well as its association with psychosocial variables. It is one of its kind study on wider age group. The present work assessed the magnitude, burden, and sociodemographic correlates of technology addiction in an urban community...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817710/excessive-use-of-wechat-social-interaction-and-locus-of-control-among-college-students-in-china
#4
Juan Hou, Yamikani Ndasauka, Yingying Jiang, Zi Ye, Ying Wang, Lizhuang Yang, Xiaoming Li, Yongjun Zhang, Liangjun Pang, Yan Kong, Fei Xu, Xiaochu Zhang
In China, the number of college students using mobile phone based messaging and social networking applications like WeChat is increasing rapidly. However, there has been minimal research into the addictive nature of these applications and the psychological characteristics associate with their excessive use. There is also no published scale available for assessing excessive use of WeChat and similar applications. In the current study, we collected data from 1,245 college students in China (715 females) and developed the WeChat Excessive Use Scale (WEUS)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771626/prevalence-of-problematic-cell-phone-use-in-an-adult-population-in-spain-as-assessed-by-the-mobile-phone-problem-use-scale-mppus
#5
José de-Sola, Hernán Talledo, Fernando Rodríguez de Fonseca, Gabriel Rubio
Problematic cell phone use has alarmingly increased in industrialized countries in the past 10 years. For many perpetrators, it can turn into a behavioural addiction, although this is not a recognized medical condition. Although there are many tools for evaluating this use, one of the most widely used tools is the Mobile Phone Problematic Use Scale (MPPUS), which we test on a representative sample of the population in Spain to obtain an estimate of the prevalence of problematic cell phone use in our midst. The age range consists of 16-65 years, with 1,126 surveys conducted...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636580/mediator-effects-of-positive-emotions-on-social-support-and-depression-among-adolescents-suffering-from-mobile-phone-addiction
#6
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Menglong Li, Xia Jiang, Yujia Ren
BACKGROUND: Depression is a common mental disorder that is widely seen among adolescents suffering from mobile phone addiction. While it is well known that both positive emtions in adolescents wiotions and social support can have a positive impact by helping individuals to maintain a positive attitude, the correlation between positive emotions, social support, and depression among these adolescents remains to be investigated. This study examined the mediator effects of positive emotions on the relationship between social support and depression among adolescents suffering from mobile phone addiction...
June 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611692/development-of-a-mobile-phone-addiction-craving-scale-and-its-validation-in-a-spanish-adult-population
#7
José De-Sola, Hernán Talledo, Gabriel Rubio, Fernando Rodríguez de Fonseca
In some people, problematic cell phone use can lead to situations in which they lose control, similar to those observed in other cases of addiction. Although different scales have been developed to assess its severity, we lack an instrument that is able to determine the desire or craving associated with it. Thus, with the objective of evaluating craving for cell phone use, in this study, we develop and present the Mobile Phone Addiction Craving Scale (MPACS). It consists of eight Likert-style items, with 10 response options, referring to possible situations in which the interviewee is asked to evaluate the degree of restlessness that he or she feels if the cell phone is unavailable at the moment...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581275/relationship-between-mobile-phone-addiction-and-the-incidence-of-poor-and-short-sleep-among-korean-adolescents-a-longitudinal-study-of-the-korean-children-youth-panel-survey
#8
Joo Eun Lee, Sung In Jang, Yeong Jun Ju, Woorim Kim, Hyo Jung Lee, Eun Cheol Park
Three of ten teenagers in Korea are addicted to mobile phones. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between mobile phone addiction and the incidence of poor sleep quality and short sleep duration in adolescents. We used longitudinal data from the Korean Children & Youth Panel Survey conducted by the National Youth Policy Institute in Korea (2011-2013). A total of 1,125 students at baseline were included in this study after excluding those who already had poor sleep quality or short sleep duration in the previous year...
July 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558902/the-prevalence-of-phantom-vibration-ringing-syndromes-and-their-related-factors-in-iranian-students-of-medical-sciences
#9
Abolfazl Mohammadbeigi, Narges Mohammadsalehi, Esmail Moshiri, Zohreh Anbari, Ali Ahmadi, Hossein Ansari
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Mobile phone abuse can cause pathologic stress that may lead to addictive behavior such as Phantom Vibration Syndrome (PVS) and Phantom Ringing Syndrome (PRS). The current study aimed to determine the PVS and PRS due to mobile phone use in students of Qom University of medical Sciences in Iran. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: The participants were 380 students selected by proportional stratified random sampling method in each stratum...
June 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527027/a-systematic-review-of-smartphone-applications-for-smoking-cessation
#10
REVIEW
Brianna L Haskins, Donna Lesperance, Patric Gibbons, Edwin D Boudreaux
Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the USA. However, limited data exists regarding smoking cessation mobile app quality and intervention effectiveness. Innovative and scalable interventions are needed to further alleviate the public health implications of tobacco addiction. The proliferation of the smartphone and the advent of mobile phone health interventions have made treatment more accessible than ever. The purpose of this review was to examine the relation between published scientific literature and available commercial smartphone health apps for smoking cessation to identify the percentage of scientifically supported apps that were commercially available to consumers and to determine how many of the top commercially available apps for smoking cessation were supported by the published scientific literature...
June 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504422/effects-of-mobile-phones-on-children-s-and-adolescents-health-a-commentary
#11
Lennart Hardell
The use of digital technology has grown rapidly during the last couple of decades. During use, mobile phones and cordless phones emit radiofrequency (RF) radiation. No previous generation has been exposed during childhood and adolescence to this kind of radiation. The brain is the main target organ for RF emissions from the handheld wireless phone. An evaluation of the scientific evidence on the brain tumor risk was made in May 2011 by the International Agency for Research on Cancer at World Health Organization...
May 15, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498047/fatal-attractions-attachment-to-smartphones-predicts-anthropomorphic-beliefs-and-dangerous-behaviors
#12
Jessica E Bodford, Virginia S Y Kwan, David S Sobota
As technology's presence grows increasingly concrete in global societies, so too do our relationships with the devices we keep close at hand from day to day. Whereas research has, in the past, framed smartphone addiction in terms of possessional attachment, the present research hypothesizes that anxious smartphone attachment stems from human attachment, in which Anxiously attached individuals may be more likely to generalize their anxious attachment style to communication devices. In the present study, we found support for this hypothesis and showed that anxious smartphone attachment predicts (1) anthropomorphic beliefs, (2) reliance on-or "clinginess" toward-smartphones, and (3) a seemingly compulsive urge to answer one's phone, even in dangerous situations (e...
May 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492951/information-and-communications-technologies-ict-problematic-use-of-internet-video-games-mobile-phones-instant-messaging-and-social-networks-using-multicage-tic
#13
Eduardo J Pedrero Pérez, José María Ruiz Sánchez de León, Gloria Rojo Mota, Marcos Llanero Luque, Jara Pedrero Aguilar, Sara Morales Alonso, Carmen Puerta García
Use/abuse of Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) has in recent years become a topic of great interest. Current discussion addresses whether it must be considered addictive behaviour and if it is a problem that primarily affects adolescents and youth. This study aims to understand the problems that affect people of all ages in controlling the use of these ICTs and whether they are related to mental health problems, stress and difficulties in executive control of behaviour. A survey was administered through social networks and email, using the MULTICAGE-ICT, a questionnaire that explores problems in the use of Internet, mobile phones, video games, instant messaging and social networks...
July 14, 2017: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458017/adolescent-and-adult-drivers-mobile-phone-use-while-driving-with-different-interlocutors
#14
Jessica H Mirman, Dennis R Durbin, Yi-Ching Lee, Sara J Seifert
PURPOSE: We examined the frequency of adolescents' and their parents' mobile phone use while driving (MPUWD) in the context of their peer and parent-child interlocutors (i.e., communication partners), considering individual differences in perceived risk and symptoms of technology addiction. METHODS: Ninety-four participants (47 parent-adolescent dyads) completed a survey battery measuring their symptoms of technology addiction, perceived risk of MPUWD, and MPUWD with family members and with their peers as assessed via the proportion of trips when drivers used a mobile phone to communicate...
July 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432846/pathological-internet-use-cyberbullying-and-mobile-phone-use-in-adolescence-a-school-based-study-in-greece
#15
Zoi Tsimtsiou, Anna-Bettina Haidich, Anastasios Drontsos, Fotini Dantsi, Zafiria Sekeri, Evangelos Drosos, Nikolaos Trikilis, Theodoros Dardavesis, Panagiotis Nanos, Malamatenia Arvanitidou
Purpose This study investigated the prevalence of Internet addiction (IA) and cyberbullying and examined profiles of adolescents with increased risk to develop pathological behaviors. Methods In this cross-sectional, school-based study, 8053 students of 30 middle and 21 high schools (12-18 years old) were invited to participate, based on a multistage stratified random sampling technique. The Internet aiddiction test (IAT) was used along with information on socio-demographics, Internet activities and cyberbullying experience...
April 22, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384977/nomophobia-a-cross-sectional-study-to-assess-mobile-phone-usage-among-dental-students
#16
Monika Prasad, Basavaraj Patthi, Ashish Singla, Ritu Gupta, Sabyasachi Saha, Jishnu Krishna Kumar, Ravneet Malhi, Venisha Pandita
INTRODUCTION: Mobile phones were originally seen as a gadget for communication but currently, the internet enabled mobile phones have become an integral part of our daily life. Their benefits are incomparable but at the same time, they have some negative effects too. AIM: To assess the pattern of usage of mobile phones and its effects on the academic performance of students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted amongst 554 students of D...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316252/relationship-between-family-history-of-alcohol-addiction-parents-education-level-and-smartphone-problem-use-scale-scores
#17
Ashley Beison, David J Rademacher
Background and aims Smartphones are ubiquitous. As smartphones increased in popularity, researchers realized that people were becoming dependent on their smartphones. The purpose here was to provide a better understanding of the factors related to problematic smartphone use (PSPU). Methods The participants were 100 undergraduates (25 males, 75 females) whose ages ranged from 18 to 23 (mean age = 20 years). The participants completed questionnaires to assess gender, ethnicity, year in college, father's education level, mother's education level, family income, age, family history of alcoholism, and PSPU...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258047/mobile-phone-apps-for-smoking-cessation-quality-and-usability-among-smokers-with-psychosis
#18
Joelle C Ferron, Mary F Brunette, Pamela Geiger, Lisa A Marsch, Anna M Adachi-Mejia, Stephen J Bartels
BACKGROUND: Smoking is one of the top preventable causes of mortality in people with psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia. Cessation treatment improves abstinence outcomes, but access is a barrier. Mobile phone apps are one way to increase access to cessation treatment; however, whether they are usable by people with psychotic disorders, who often have special learning needs, is not known. OBJECTIVE: Researchers reviewed 100 randomly selected apps for smoking cessation to rate them based on US guidelines for nicotine addiction treatment and to categorize them based on app functions...
March 3, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250554/technology-addiction-among-treatment-seekers-for-psychological-problems-implication-for-screening-in-mental-health-setting
#19
Aswathy Das, Manoj Kumar Sharma, P Thamilselvan, P Marimuthu
BACKGROUND: Technology usage has seen an increase among users. The usage varies from social, personal, and psychological reasons. Users are frequently using to overcome mood states as well as to manage the other psychological states. This work is going to explore the information technology use among subjects with a psychiatric disorder. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 75 subjects were assessed using background data sheet, internet addiction impairment index, video game use pattern, pornography addiction screening tool and screening for mobile phone use, from in-patient and out-patient setting of tertiary mental health setting...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170054/mobile-abuse-in-university-students-and-profiles-of-victimization-and-aggression
#20
Mª Isabel Polo Del Río, Santiago Mendo Lázaro, Benito León Del Barco, Elena Felipe Castaño
The vast majority of young people have mobile phones. This has become a must-have item in their lives, with traditional socialization spaces displaced by virtual ones. They use their mobile phones for many hours a day, to the detriment of their psychological and social functioning, showing greater vulnerability to abusive or excessive use, and more likely to become problematic or addicted users. This paper aims to study the impact of mobile phone abuse in a sample of college students, assessing the social, personal, and communicational realms and deepening understanding of the different cyberbullying profiles, analyzing who has more personal and social problems using mobiles: victims or aggressors...
July 14, 2017: Adicciones
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