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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723300/interest-in-using-mobile-technology-to-help-self-manage-alcohol-use-among-persons-living-with-hiv-a-florida-cohort-cross-sectional-study
#1
J Danielle Sharpe, Zhi Zhou, César G Escobar-Viera, Jamie P Morano, Robert J Lucero, Gladys E Ibañez, Mark Hart, Christa L Cook, Robert L Cook
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption at hazardous levels is more prevalent and associated with poor health outcomes among persons living with HIV (PLWH). Although PLWH are receptive to using technology to manage health issues, it is unknown whether a cell phone app to self-manage alcohol use would be acceptable among PLWH who drink. The objectives of this study were to determine factors associated with interest in an app to self-manage drinking and to identify differences in baseline mobile technology use among PLWH by drinking level...
July 19, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721802/mobile-phone-use-changes-the-way-we-navigate-obstacles
#2
(no author information available yet)
A study led by scientists at Anglia Ruskin University investigated how mobile phone use affects where people look and how they negotiate an obstacle along their walking path.
July 19, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720556/ecological-momentary-assessment-of-physical-activity-validation-study
#3
Gregory Knell, Kelley Pettee Gabriel, Michael S Businelle, Kerem Shuval, David W Wetter, Darla E Kendzor
BACKGROUND: Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) may elicit physical activity (PA) estimates that are less prone to bias than traditional self-report measures while providing context. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to examine the convergent validity of EMA-assessed PA compared with accelerometry. METHODS: The participants self-reported their PA using International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) and Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) and wore an accelerometer while completing daily EMAs (delivered through the mobile phone) for 7 days...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719262/evaluation-of-a-mobile-phone-based-microscope-for-screening-of-schistosoma-haematobium-infection-in-rural-ghana
#4
Isaac I Bogoch, Hatice C Koydemir, Derek Tseng, Richard K D Ephraim, Evans Duah, Joseph Tee, Jason R Andrews, Aydogan Ozcan
AbstractSchistosomiasis affects over 170 million people in Africa. Here we compare a novel, low-cost mobile phone microscope to a conventional light microscope for the label-free diagnosis of Schistosoma haematobium infections in a rural Ghanaian school setting. We tested the performance of our handheld microscope using 60 slides that were randomly chosen from an ongoing epidemiologic study in school-aged children. The mobile phone microscope had a sensitivity of 72.1% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 56.1-84...
June 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716434/training-midwives-to-perform-basic-obstetric-point-of-care-ultrasound-in-rural-areas-using-a-tablet-platform-and-mobile-phone-transmission-technology-a-wfumb-coe-project
#5
Sudhir Vinayak, Joyce Sande, Harvey Nisenbaum, Christian Pállson Nolsøe
Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) has become a topical subject and can be applied in a variety of ways with differing outcomes. The cost of all diagnostic procedures including obstetric ultrasound examinations is a major factor in the developing world and POCUS is only useful if it can be equated to good outcomes at a lower cost than a routine obstetric examination. The aim of this study was to assess a number of processes including accuracy of images and reports generated by midwives, performance of a tablet-sized ultrasound scanner, training of midwives to complete ultrasounds, teleradiology solution transmissions of images via internet, review of images by a radiologist, communication between midwife and radiologist, use of this technique to identify high-risk patients and improvement of the education and teleradiology model components...
July 14, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716146/interactive-weekly-mobile-phone-text-messaging-plus-motivational-interviewing-in-promotion-of-breastfeeding-among-women-living-with-hiv-in-south-africa-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Moleen Zunza, Mark F Cotton, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Richard Lester, Lehana Thabane
BACKGROUND: South Africa recently phased out access to free formula milk in the public sector in support of breastfeeding for women living with HIV. Few women living with HIV in South Africa choose breastfeeding and among those who do, many stop breastfeeding early. We sought to explore the feasibility of using mobile phone text messaging coupled with motivational interviewing to enhance adherence to breastfeeding practices. METHODS AND DESIGN: A randomized, parallel group, single-center pilot trial...
July 17, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715728/mobile-phone-use-during-driving-effects-on-speed-and-effectiveness-of-driver-compensatory-behaviour
#7
Pushpa Choudhary, Nagendra R Velaga
This study analysed and modelled the effects of conversation and texting (each with two difficulty levels) on driving performance of Indian drivers in terms of their mean speed and accident avoiding abilities; and further explored the relationship between speed reduction strategy of the drivers and their corresponding accident frequency. 100 drivers of three different age groups (young, mid-age and old-age) participated in the simulator study. Two sudden events of Indian context: unexpected crossing of pedestrians and joining of parked vehicles from road side, were simulated for estimating the accident probabilities...
July 14, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713615/effects-of-radiofrequency-exposure-emitted-from-a-gsm-mobile-phone-on-proliferation-differentiation-and-apoptosis-of-neural-stem-cells
#8
Mahsa Eghlidospour, Amir Ghanbari, Seyyed Mohammad Javad Mortazavi, Hassan Azari
Due to the importance of neural stem cells (NSCs) in plasticity of the nervous system and treating neurodegenerative diseases, the main goal of this study was to evaluate the effects of radiofrequency radiation emitted from a GSM 900-MHz mobile phone with different exposure duration on proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis of adult murine NSCs in vitro. We used neurosphere assay to evaluate NSCs proliferation, and immunofluorescence assay of neural cell markers to examine NSCs differentiation. We also employed alamarBlue and caspase 3 apoptosis assays to assess harmful effects of mobile phone on NSCs...
June 2017: Anatomy & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711748/do-personality-traits-related-to-affect-regulation-predict-other-tobacco-product-use-among-young-adult-non-daily-smokers
#9
Kristin Brikmanis, Angela Petersen, Neal Doran
INTRODUCTION: Understanding factors that influence non-cigarette tobacco use is important given these products' prevalence and health risks. The goal of this study was to test the hypothesis that personality traits related to affect regulation would be associated with greater frequency of other tobacco product (OTP) use in a sample of young adult non-daily smokers. METHODS: Participants (n=518, 51% male) aged 18-24 were non-daily cigarette smokers recruited from the community for a longitudinal study of tobacco use...
July 10, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711112/mobile-phone-based-mood-ratings-prospectively-predict-psychotherapy-attendance
#10
Emma Bruehlman-Senecal, Adrian Aguilera, Stephen M Schueller
Psychotherapy nonattendance is a costly and pervasive problem. While prior research has identified stable patient-level predictors of attendance, far less is known about dynamic (i.e., time-varying) factors. Identifying dynamic predictors can clarify how clinical states relate to psychotherapy attendance and inform effective "just-in-time" interventions to promote attendance. The present study examines whether daily mood, as measured by responses to automated mobile phone-based text messages, prospectively predicts attendance in group cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for depression...
September 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707332/conjugated-polymer-for-voltage-controlled-release-of-molecules
#11
Shenghua Liu, Ying Fu, Guijun Li, Li Li, Helen Ka-Wai Law, Xianfeng Chen, Feng Yan
Conjugated polymers are attractive in numerous biological applications because they are flexible, biocompatible, cost-effective, solution-processable, and electronic/ionic conductive. One interesting application is for controllable drug release, and this has been realized previously using organic electronic ion pumps. However, organic electronic ion pumps show high operating voltages and limited transportation efficiency. Here, the first report of low-voltage-controlled molecular release with a novel organic device based on a conjugated polymer poly(3-hexylthiophene) is presented...
July 14, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703312/violence-exposure-is-associated-with-adolescents-same-and-next-day-mental-health-symptoms
#12
Candice L Odgers, Michael A Russell
BACKGROUND: Young people exposed to violence are at increased risk for mental health and behavioral problems. However, very little is known about the immediate, or same-day, associations between violence exposure and adolescents' mental health symptoms or whether daily symptom or behavioral reactivity marks future problems. METHODS: Young adolescents were assessed three times a day for 30 consecutive days using mobile-phone-based Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) (N = 151 adolescents)...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702612/rapid-label-free-cd4-testing-using-a-smartphone-compatible-device
#13
Manoj Kumar Kanakasabapathy, Hardik J Pandya, Mohamed Shehata Draz, Manjyot Kaur Chug, Magesh Sadasivam, Shreya Kumar, Behzad Etemad, Vinish Yogesh, Mohammadali Safavieh, Waseem Asghar, Jonathan Z Li, Athe M Tsibris, Daniel R Kuritzkes, Hadi Shafiee
The most recent guidelines have called for a significant shift towards viral load testing for HIV/AIDS management in developing countries; however point-of-care (POC) CD4 testing still remains an important component of disease staging in multiple developing countries. Advancements in micro/nanotechnologies and consumer electronics have paved the way for mobile healthcare technologies and the development of POC smartphone-based diagnostic assays for disease detection and treatment monitoring. Here, we report a simple, rapid (30 minutes) smartphone-based microfluidic chip for automated CD4 testing using a small volume (30 μL) of whole blood...
July 12, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699082/combat-stress-decreases-memory-of-warfighters-in-action
#14
Rosa Delgado-Moreno, José Juan Robles-Pérez, Vicente Javier Clemente-Suárez
The present research aimed to analyze the effect of combat stress in the psychophysiological response and attention and memory of warfighters in a simulated combat situation. Variables of blood oxygen saturation, heart rate, blood glucose, blood lactate, body temperature, lower body muscular strength manifestation, cortical arousal, autonomic modulation, state anxiety and memory and attention through a postmission questionnaire were analyzed before and after a combat simulation in 20 male professional Spanish Army warfighters...
August 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698334/a-randomised-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-the-impact-of-sexual-health-clinic-based-automated-text-message-reminders-on-testing-of-hiv-and-other-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china-protocol-for-the-t2t-study
#15
Huachun Zou, Xiaojun Meng, Andrew Grulich, Shujie Huang, Tianjian Jia, Xuan Zhang, Zhenzhou Luo, Yi Ding, Ligang Yang, Jinmei Han, Weiying Chen, Heping Zheng, Bin Yang
INTRODUCTION: The frequency of screening for HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among men who have sex with men (MSM) is still low in China. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A sexual health clinic based randomised controlled trial will be conducted in Guangzhou, Wuxi and Shenzhen, China, enrolling 600 MSM. Eligibility will be judged by the pre-programed iPad based questionnaire: (1) age ≥18 years and (2) have had two or more male anal sex partners, or condomless anal sex with a casual male sex partner, or an STI history, in the past 6 months, and (3) provides a valid mobile phone number...
July 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689310/an-interactive-mobile-phone-website-platform-to-facilitate-real-time-management-of-medication-in-chronically-ill-patients
#16
Helena Anglada-Martínez, Maite Martin-Conde, Marina Rovira-Illamola, Jose Miguel Sotoca-Momblona, Ethel Sequeira, Valentin Aragunde, Carles Codina-Jané
Poor adherence to medication is a prevalent issue that affects 50-60% of chronically ill patients. We present Medplan, a platform for patients/caregivers and healthcare professionals (HCPs) that aims to enhance adherence, increase patient medication knowledge, and facilitate communication between patients and HCPs. The Medplan platform was designed and developed by a multidisciplinary team composed of primary care and hospital physicians, pharmacists, patients, and developers. We questioned 62 patients in order to know their opinion about the different functions the app would incorporate and other possible features that should be taken into consideration...
August 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687531/informing-the-development-of-a-mobile-phone-hiv-testing-intervention-intentions-to-use-specific-hiv-testing-approaches-among-young-black-transgender-women-and-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#17
Beryl A Koblin, Vijay Nandi, Sabina Hirshfield, Mary Ann Chiasson, Donald R Hoover, Leo Wilton, DaShawn Usher, Victoria Frye
BACKGROUND: Regular human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing of persons at risk is critical to HIV prevention. Infrequent HIV testing and late diagnosis of HIV infection have been observed among young black men who have sex with men (MSM) and transwomen (transgender women)-two groups overrepresented in the HIV epidemic. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to inform the development of a brief mobile phone intervention to increase HIV testing among young black MSM and transwomen by providing a tailored recommendation of an optimal HIV testing approach...
July 7, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683742/impact-of-mobile-phone-based-technology-to-improve-health-population-and-nutrition-services-in-rural-bangladesh-a-study-protocol
#18
Jasim Uddin, Tuhin Biswas, Gourab Adhikary, Wazed Ali, Nurul Alam, Rajesh Palit, Nizam Uddin, Aftab Uddin, Fatema Khatun, Abbas Bhuiya
BACKGROUND: Mobile phone-based technology has been used in improving the delivery of healthcare services in many countries. However, data on the effects of this technology on improving primary healthcare services in resource-poor settings are limited. The aim of this study is to develop and test a mobile phone-based system to improve health, population and nutrition services in rural Bangladesh and evaluate its impact on service delivery. METHODS: The study will use a quasi-experimental pre-post design, with intervention and comparison areas...
July 6, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683127/mobile-phone-and-handheld-microscopy-for-neglected-tropical-diseases
#19
Jason Rajchgot, Jean T Coulibaly, Jennifer Keiser, Jürg Utzinger, Nathan C Lo, Michael K Mondry, Jason R Andrews, Isaac I Bogoch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682817/mobile-phone-text-messaging-reminder-decreases-the-rate-of-nonattendance-at-a-preoperative-anaesthesia-clinic
#20
Vincent Compère, Alexandre Grognu, Jérôme Moriceau, Bertrand Dureuil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
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