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Social and cultural perspectives in health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073351/exploring-neurodevelopmental-outcome-measures-used-in-children-with-cerebral-malaria-the-perspectives-of-caregivers-and-health-workers-in-malawi
#1
Emmie W Mbale, Terrie Taylor, Bernard Brabin, Macpherson Mallewa, Melissa Gladstone
BACKGROUND: Progress has been made in tackling malaria however there are still over 207 million cases worldwide, the majority in children. As survival rates improve, numbers of children with long-term neurodisabling sequelae are likely to increase. Most outcome studies in cerebral malaria (CM) have focused only on body function and structure and less on outcomes within the broader framework of the International Classification of Functioning and Disability (ICF). The aim of this study was to utilise qualitative methods to identify relevant clinical outcomes in CM to support formulation of a core outcome set relevant to CM and other acquired brain injuries for use in future clinical trials...
January 10, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056594/book-review-disordered-personalities-and-crime-an-analysis-of-the-history-of-moral-insanity-mental-illness-human-rights-and-the-law-mental-health-and-the-criminal-justice-system-a-social-work-perspective-handbook-of-secure-care-and-secure-lives-the-meaning
#2
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056404/becoming-an-amai-meanings-and-experiences-of-motherhood-amongst-zimbabwean-women-living-in-melbourne-australia
#3
Sandra Benza, Pranee Liamputtong
BACKGROUND: little is known about the meanings and experiences of motherhood among Zimbabwean migrant women. This paper discusses the meanings and experiences of motherhood from the perspectives of Zimbabwean migrant women living in Melbourne, Australia. METHODS: qualitative methods (in-depth interviewing, photo elicitation and drawing) were conducted with 15 Zimbabwean women who had children in Zimbabwe and in Australia. Data were analysed using thematic analysis method...
December 12, 2016: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039957/social-responsibility-and-the-state-s-duty-to-provide-healthcare-an-islamic-ethico-legal-perspective
#4
Aasim I Padela
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization's (UNESCO) Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights asserts that governments are morally obliged to promote health and to provide access to quality healthcare, essential medicines and adequate nutrition and water to all members of society. According to UNESCO, this obligation is grounded in a moral commitment to promoting fundamental human rights and emerges from the principle of social responsibility. Yet in an era of ethical pluralism and contentions over the universality of human rights conventions, the extent to which the UNESCO Declaration can motivate behaviors and policies rests, at least in part, upon accepting the moral arguments it makes...
December 30, 2016: Developing World Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994450/how-do-general-practitioners-implement-decision-making-regarding-copd-patients-with-exacerbations-an-international-focus-group-study
#5
Johanna Laue, Hasse Melbye, Peder A Halvorsen, Elena A Andreeva, Maciek Godycki-Cwirko, Anja Wollny, Nick A Francis, Mark Spigt, Kenny Kung, Mette Bech Risør
PURPOSE: To explore the decision-making of general practitioners (GPs) concerning treatment with antibiotics and/or oral corticosteroids and hospitalization for COPD patients with exacerbations. METHODS: Thematic analysis of seven focus groups with 53 GPs from urban and rural areas in Norway, Germany, Wales, Poland, Russia, the Netherlands, and Hong Kong. RESULTS: Four main themes were identified. 1) Dealing with medical uncertainty: the GPs aimed to make clear medical decisions and avoid unnecessary prescriptions and hospitalizations, yet this was challenged by uncertainty regarding the severity of the exacerbations and concerns about overlooking comorbidities...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978827/assessing-the-universal-health-coverage-target-in-the-sustainable-development-goals-from-a-human-rights-perspective
#6
Audrey R Chapman
BACKGROUND: The UN's Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), adopted in September 2015, include a comprehensive health goal, "to ensure healthy lives and promote well-being at all ages." The health goal (SDG 3) has nine substantive targets and four additional targets which are identified as a means of implementation. One of these commitments, to achieve universal health coverage (UHC), has been acknowledged as central to the achievement of all of the other health targets. As defined in the SDGs, UHC includes financial risk protection, access to quality essential health-care services, and access to safe, effective, quality and affordable essential medicines and vaccines for all...
December 15, 2016: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956896/sabe-colombia-survey-on-health-well-being-and-aging-in-colombia-study-design-and-protocol
#7
Fernando Gomez, Jairo Corchuelo, Carmen-Lucia Curcio, Maria-Teresa Calzada, Fabian Mendez
Objective. To describe the design of the SABE Colombia study. The major health study of the old people in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) is the Survey on Health, Well-Being, and Aging in LAC, SABE (from initials in Spanish: SAlud, Bienestar & Envejecimiento). Methods. The SABE Colombia is a population-based cross-sectional study on health, aging, and well-being of elderly individuals aged at least 60 years focusing attention on social determinants of health inequities. Methods and design were similar to original LAC SABE...
2016: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955670/-the-way-the-country-has-been-carved-up-by-researchers-ethics-and-power-in-north-south-public-health-research
#8
Aisling Walsh, Ruairi Brugha, Elaine Byrne
BACKGROUND: Despite the recognition of power as being central to health research collaborations between high income countries and low and middle income countries, there has been insufficient detailed analysis of power within these partnerships. The politics of research in the global south is often considered outside of the remit of research ethics. This article reports on an analysis of power in north-south public health research, using Zambia as a case study. METHODS: Primary data were collected in 2011/2012, through 53 in-depth interviews with: Zambian researchers (n = 20), Zambian national stakeholders (n = 8) and northern researchers who had been involved in public health research collaborations involving Zambia and the global north (n = 25)...
December 12, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922180/going-domestic-importing-the-study-abroad-experience-the-development-of-a-multicultural-new-york-city-study-away-program
#9
Susan Hayes Lane, Carolyn Huffman, Dana E Brackney, Alyssa Cuddy
PROBLEM: Significant off-campus domestic study away experiences have been shown to be a transformative active learning environment for students and achieve similar learning outcomes as study abroad programs. METHODS: This manuscript describes the conception, development, and pedagogical approach of a faculty-led domestic study away experience in New York City for pre-licensure and post-licensure nursing students as an active learning strategy for developing cultural competence...
December 6, 2016: Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917960/a-vision-for-the-future-of-pastoralism
#10
J Zinsstag, B Bonfoh, G Zinsstag, L Crump, I O Alfaroukh, M F Abakar, J Kasymbekov, Z Baljinnyam, K Liechti, M A Seid, E Schelling
Pastoral regions are challenged by social and ecological changes. Yet, there is increasingly robust evidence that pastoralism is a viable and sustainable livelihood and that pastoralists play a role in attaining the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). In this issue of the Scientific and Technical Review of the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), the authors take a broad view of pastoralism and pastoral livestock production from a number of different perspectives, taking into account societal and ecological viewpoints as well as issues of animal and human health...
November 2016: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896606/a-knowledge-ecologies-analysis-of-co-designing-water-and-sanitation-services-in-alaska
#11
Dena Fam, Zoë Sofoulis
Willingness to collaborate across disciplinary boundaries is necessary but not sufficient for project success. This is a case study of a transdisciplinary project whose success was constrained by contextual factors that ultimately favoured technical and scientific forms of knowledge over the cultural intelligence that might ensure technical solutions were socially feasible. In response to Alaskan Water and Sewer Challenge (AWSC), an international team with expertise in engineering, consultative design and public health formed in 2013 to collaborate on a two-year project to design remote area water and sanitation systems in consultation with two native Alaskan communities...
November 28, 2016: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890048/cultural-hegemony-educators-perspectives-on-facilitating-cross-cultural-dialogue
#12
Zareen Zaidi, Daniëlle Verstegen, Rashmi Vyas, Omayma Hamed, Tim Dornan, Page Morahan
BACKGROUND: We live in an age when education is being internationalized. This can confront students with 'cultural hegemony' that can result from the unequal distribution of power and privilege in global society. The name that is given to awareness of social inequality is 'critical consciousness'. Cross-cultural dialogue provides an opportunity for learners to develop critical consciousness to counter cultural hegemony. The purpose of this research was to understand how learners engage with cross-cultural dialogue, so we can help them do so more effectively in the future...
2016: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888264/sharing-for-health-a-study-of-chinese-adolescents-experiences-and-perspectives-on-using-social-network-sites-to-share-health-information
#13
Ni Zhang, Michele Teti, Kellie Stanfield, Shelly Campo
PURPOSE: This exploratory qualitative study examines Chinese adolescents' health information sharing habits on social network sites. METHOD: Ten focus group meetings with 76 adolescents, ages 12 to 17 years, were conducted at community-based organizations in Chicago's Chinatown. The research team transcribed the recording and analyzed the transcripts using ATLAS.ti. RESULTS: Chinese adolescents are using different social network sites for various topics of health information including food, physical activity, and so on...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878330/-volunteering-in-end-of-life-care-challenges-problems-and-perspectives
#14
Werner Schneider
Volunteering in the hospice movement has had a profound impact on generating awareness of hospice work and palliative care in the context of supporting dying persons and their relatives as well as on integrating respective services in the existing health care system. This paper focuses on two specific questions: First, it asks how society is changing with respect to dealing with dying and death, and more precisely with dying persons, which is recognizable by the integration of hospice work and palliative care in the healthcare system and related to the relevance of volunteering in the sense of a citizens' movement...
January 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867144/palliative-care-in-pakistan
#15
Robyna Irshad Khan
Pakistan is a developing country of South East Asia, with all the incumbent difficulties currently being faced by the region. Insufficient public healthcare facilities, poorly regulated private health sector, low budgetary allocation for health, improper priority setting while allocating limited resources, have resulted essentially in an absence of palliative care from the healthcare scene. Almost 90% of healthcare expenditure is out of the patient's pocket with more than 45% of population living below the poverty line...
November 11, 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862186/a-systematic-review-and-qualitative-synthesis-of-adolescents-views-of-sexual-readiness
#16
REVIEW
Michelle Templeton, Maria Lohan, Carmel Kelly, Laura Lundy
AIM: The aim of this study was to synthesize the qualitative evidence investigating adolescents' views on heterosexual readiness. BACKGROUND: Adolescents' understandings of sexual readiness are often missing in research and debates on sexual health and related concepts like sexual consent. Research to date has predominantly focussed on age and socio-cultural predictors of sexual debut, thus failing to explain how adolescents themselves conceptualize their readiness for heterosexual relations...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860022/shared-decision-making-with-vulnerable-populations-in-the-emergency-department
#17
Ana Castaneda-Guarderas, Jeffrey Glassberg, Corita R Grudzen, Ka Ming Ngai, Margaret E Samuels-Kalow, Erica Shelton, Stephen P Wall, Lynne D Richardson
The emergency department (ED) occupies a unique position within the healthcare system, serving as a safety net for vulnerable patients, regardless of their race, ethnicity, religion, country of origin, sexual orientation, socioeconomic status, or medical diagnosis. Shared decision making (SDM) presents special challenges when used with vulnerable population groups. The differing circumstances, needs, and perspectives of vulnerable groups invoke issues of provider bias, disrespect, judgmental attitudes, and lack of cultural competence, as well as patient mistrust and the consequences of their social and economic disenfranchisement...
December 2016: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857997/a-critical-examination-of-the-use-of-trained-health-coaches-to-decrease-the-metabolic-syndrome-for-participants-of-a-community-based-diabetes-prevention-and-management-program
#18
Brandon Lucke-Wold, Samantha Shawley, John Spencer Ingels, Jonathan Stewart, Ranjita Misra
The epidemic of obesity and diabetes in the United States poses major challenge to the prevention and management of chronic diseases. Furthermore, when this is viewed in other components of the metabolic syndrome (i.e., the burden of high cholesterol and hypertension), the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome continues to rise in the USA continued challenge is how to deal with this epidemic from a medical and public health standpoint. Community Based Participatory Research (CBPR) is a unique approach and offers a novel perspective for answering this challenge...
2016: Journal of Healthcare Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852837/arts-on-prescription-in-scandinavia-a-review-of-current-practice-and-future-possibilities
#19
REVIEW
Anita Jensen, Theodore Stickley, Wenche Torrissen, Kjerstin Stigmar
AIMS: This article reviews current practice relating to arts and culture on prescription in Sweden, Norway, Denmark and in the United Kingdom. It considers future possibilities and also each of the Scandinavian countries from a culture and health policy and research perspective. The United Kingdom perhaps leads the field of Arts on Prescription practice, and subsequent research is described in order to help identify what the Scandinavian countries might learn from the UK research. METHOD: The method adopted for the literature search was a rapid review which included peer-reviewed and grey literature in English and the respective languages of Scandinavia...
November 16, 2016: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808420/contextualizing-the-psychosocial-well-being-of-military-members-and-their-partners-the-importance-of-community-and-relationship-provisions
#20
Catherine Walker O'Neal, Jay A Mancini, Alycia DeGraff
Evidence of the impact of communities has been documented for a variety of individual and relational outcomes, including mental and physical health as well as the quality of romantic and parent-child relationships. The military represents a rather unique work context; in that, it is generally considered a lifestyle with a distinct culture and community. Yet, military families are also members of their broader, comprehensive community. Drawing from the social organizational theory of action and change (SOC) (Mancini & Bowen, 2013), and relationship provisions theory (Weiss, 1969) and utilizing a sample of 266 active duty military families, this study examined connectedness with the military community and the broader, comprehensive community...
December 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
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