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Social and cultural perspectives in health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919589/from-woohwang-cheongsimwon-to-ginseng-the-history-of-medicine-use-in-the-joseon-era
#1
Seong-Su Kim
In Korean traditional medicine, though herbal decoction, acupuncture, and moxibustion are all used to treat diseases, restorative medicines are the most widely preferred treatment method. This paper explores the historical background of restorative herbal medicines and ginseng among the Korean public and Korean traditional medicine practice. It also seeks to clarify how social and cultural perspectives on drug use have changed since restorative medicine became mainstream during the Joseon era. Drug use tendencies were affected by the medical system of the Joseon Dynasty, patients' desires for reliable treatment, and perceptions of the human body and the causes of disease...
August 2017: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914178/-you-just-have-to-learn-to-keep-moving-on-young-women-s-experiences-with-unplanned-pregnancy-in-the-cook-islands
#2
Ashley L White, Emily S Mann, Fiona Larkan
The Cook Islands is one of several countries in the Pacific region that has high rates of teenage pregnancy and birth. While the social determinants of pregnancy and early motherhood are well established in the global context, little is known about how Cook Islands young women who become pregnant before age 20 make sense of their experiences. Drawing on individual interviews with a purposive sample of 10 young mothers, this paper examines the phenomenology of early pregnancy from their perspectives. Structural, cultural and individual factors emerged as salient themes in participants' accounts...
September 15, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910248/parents-online-discussions-about-children-s-dental-caries-a-critical-content-analysis
#3
Avery Milne, Cynthia A Weijs, Rebecca J Haines-Saah, Lindsay McLaren
OBJECTIVES: Through an analysis of postings to an online parenting forum, we aimed to explore the many ways in which parents orient to (i.e., take up, challenge, re-articulate) information about child dental health in the context of their online interactions. Our analysis is anchored in Nettleton's theoretical work on dental authority and power, which we apply in a digital context. METHODS: We examined discussion threads from the public online forums on BabyCenter Canada...
September 14, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877120/life-experiences-of-patients-with-glaucoma-a-phenomenological-study
#4
Emine Iyigun, Sevinc Tastan, Hatice Ayhan, Halise Coskun, Gulsah Kose, Tarkan Mumcuoglu
BACKGROUND: Studies that describe the experiences of patients with glaucoma from different cultures may help health professionals gain a broader perspective on this issue. Currently, few qualitative studies describe how patients with glaucoma in Turkey cope with daily life. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of patients with glaucoma. METHOD: This descriptive phenomenological study used purposive sampling to enroll 20 patients with glaucoma...
October 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856680/public-patient-and-carers-views-on-palliative-and-end-of-life-care-in-india
#5
REVIEW
M Ramasamy Venkatasalu, N Sirala Jagadeesh, S Elavally, Y Pappas, F Mhlanga, R Pallipalayam Varatharajan
AIM: To systematically review the existing evidence on the Indian public, patient and carers' perspectives on palliative and end-of-life care. BACKGROUND: With a growing population of terminally ill people across the world, there is also an increasing awareness among international health policy makers of the need to improve the quality of life for terminally ill patients. Understanding service users' (patients, family and public) perspectives is crucial in developing and sustaining successful community-centred palliative nursing policies and service models especially in countries like India with diverse population...
August 30, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854901/interventions-to-provide-culturally-appropriate-maternity-care-services-factors-affecting-implementation
#6
Eleri Jones, Samantha R Lattof, Ernestina Coast
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization recently made a recommendation supporting 'culturally-appropriate' maternity care services to improve maternal and newborn health. This recommendation results, in part, from a systematic review we conducted, which showed that interventions to provide culturally-appropriate maternity care have largely improved women's use of skilled maternity care. Factors relating to the implementation of these interventions can have implications for their success...
August 31, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854880/understanding-the-implementation-of-maternity-waiting-homes-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-qualitative-thematic-synthesis
#7
Loveday Penn-Kekana, Shreya Pereira, Julia Hussein, Hannah Bontogon, Matthew Chersich, Stephen Munjanja, Anayda Portela
BACKGROUND: Maternity waiting homes (MWHs) are accommodations located near a health facility where women can stay towards the end of pregnancy and/or after birth to enable timely access to essential childbirth care or care for complications. Although MWHs have been implemented for over four decades, different operational models exist. This secondary thematic +analysis explores factors related to their implementation. METHODS: A qualitative thematic analysis was conducted using 29 studies across 17 countries...
August 31, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846520/should-euthanasia-be-considered-iatrogenic
#8
Silvana Barone, Yoram Unguru
As more countries adopt laws and regulations concerning euthanasia, pediatric euthanasia has become an important topic of discussion. Conceptions of what constitutes harm to patients are fluid and highly dependent on a myriad of factors including, but not limited to, health care ethics, family values, and cultural context. Euthanasia could be viewed as iatrogenic insofar as it results in an outcome (death) that some might consider inherently negative. However, this perspective fails to acknowledge that death, the outcome of euthanasia, is not an inadvertent or preventable complication but rather the goal of the medical intervention...
August 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833101/nurses-perceptions-of-health-beliefs-and-impact-on-teaching-and-practice-a-q-sort-study
#9
R Cao, T E Stone, M A Petrini, S Turale
AIM: To understand Chinese nurses' perceptions of health beliefs, their content, origin and the influence of sociocultural factors, as a basis of their evidence-based practice. This study contributes to a larger study to establish the health beliefs of Japanese, Australian, Chinese, South Korean and Thai nurses. BACKGROUND: Registered nurses teach patients and students about maintaining or attaining health are subject to the same range of influences and their health beliefs may be antithetical to current health evidence...
August 22, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828389/barriers-of-adherence-and-possible-solutions-to-nonadherence-to-antidiabetic-therapy-in-women-with-diabetes-in-pregnancy-patients-perspective
#10
Doreen Mukona, Stephen Peter Munjanja, Mathilda Zvinavashe, Babil Stray-Pederson
Diabetes in pregnancy contributes to maternal mortality and morbidity though it receives little attention in developing countries. The purpose of the study was to explore the barriers to adherence and possible solutions to nonadherence to antidiabetic therapy in women with diabetes in pregnancy. Antidiabetic therapy referred to diet, physical activity, and medications. Four focus group discussions (FGDs), each with 7 participants, were held at a central hospital in Zimbabwe. Included were women with a diagnosis of diabetes in pregnancy, aged 18 to 49 years, and able to speak Shona or English...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826604/the-neuroscience-of-body-memory-from-the-self-through-the-space-to-the-others
#11
REVIEW
Giuseppe Riva
Our experience of the body is not direct; rather, it is mediated by perceptual information, influenced by internal information, and recalibrated through stored implicit and explicit body representation (body memory). This paper presents an overview of the current investigations related to body memory by bringing together recent studies from neuropsychology, neuroscience, and evolutionary and cognitive psychology. To do so, in the paper, I explore the origin of representations of human body to elucidate their developmental process and, in particular, their relationship with more explicit concepts of self...
July 25, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821421/exploring-canadian-physicians-experiences-with-diabetes-care-for-indigenous-patients
#12
Lynden Lindsay Crowshoe, Rita I Henderson, Michael E Green, Kristen M Jacklin, Leah M Walker, Betty Calam
OBJECTIVES: The perspectives of physicians caring for Indigenous patients with diabetes offer important insights into the provision of health-care services. The purpose of this study was to describe Canadian physicians' perspectives on diabetes care of Indigenous patients, a preliminary step in developing a continuing medical education intervention described elsewhere. METHODS: Through in-depth semistructured interviews, Canadian family physicians and specialists with sizeable proportions of Indigenous clientele shared their experiences of working with Indigenous patients who have type 2 diabetes...
August 15, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802299/child-and-parental-perspectives-on-diet-and-physical-activity-decisions-implications-for-childhood-obesity-prevention-in-china
#13
Youfa Wang, Alice Fang Yan, Xinyu Shi, Huijun Wang, Zhiyong Wang, Joel Gittelsohn, Fei Xu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Obesity has become a global epidemic. In China, 42% of adults and about onefifth of children are overweight or obese. In major cities, about one-third of boys are overweight or obese. This study aimed to understand how children and parents in China make eating and physical activity (PA) decisions, considering individual, family, community, social, and environmental factors, and to collect parents' recommendations for interventions to promote healthy eating and physical activity...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793832/-i-was-thinking-we-would-be-spoon-fed-community-co-researchers-perceptions-of-individual-empowerment-in-participatory-health-research-in-swaziland
#14
Michelle Brear
Empowerment is an influential concept in global public health. Current theoretical models, which were developed in resource-rich countries, conceptualise individual-level empowerment as a process (or outcome) of developing positive self-perceptions, critical thinking expertise and new behaviours. They neglect the social and structural aspects that were central to early conceptualisations of empowerment, and may be culturally biased. My aim was to elucidate lay-people in Swaziland's perspectives about individual-level empowerment...
August 10, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780928/comprehensive-assessment-of-complex-technologies-integrating-various-aspects-in-health-technology-assessment
#15
Kristin Bakke Lysdahl, Kati Mozygemba, Jacob Burns, Jan Benedikt Brönneke, James B Chilcott, Sue Ward, Bjørn Hofmann
OBJECTIVES: Despite recent development of health technology assessment (HTA) methods, there are still methodological gaps for the assessment of complex health technologies. The INTEGRATE-HTA guidance for effectiveness, economic, ethical, socio-cultural, and legal aspects, deals with challenges when assessing complex technologies, such as heterogeneous study designs, multiple stakeholder perspectives, and unpredictable outcomes. The objective of this article is to outline this guidance and describe the added value of integrating these assessment aspects...
August 7, 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776798/nursing-assistants-matters-an-ethnographic-study-of-knowledge-sharing-in-interprofessional-practice
#16
Annika Lindh Falk, Håkan Hult, Mats Hammar, Nick Hopwood, Madeleine Abrandt Dahlgren
Interprofessional collaboration involves some kind of knowledge sharing, which is essential and will be important in the future in regard to the opportunities and challenges in practices for delivering safe and effective health care. Nursing assistants are seldom mentioned as a group of health care workers that contribute to interprofessional collaboration in health care practice. The aim of this ethnographic study was to explore how the nursing assistants' knowledge can be shared in a team on a spinal cord injury rehabilitation ward...
August 3, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761934/metabolic-fingerprints-from-the-human-oral-microbiome-reveal-a-vast-knowledge-gap-of-secreted-small-peptidic-molecules
#17
Anna Edlund, Neha Garg, Hosein Mohimani, Alexey Gurevich, Xuesong He, Wenyuan Shi, Pieter C Dorrestein, Jeffrey S McLean
Recent research indicates that the human microbiota play key roles in maintaining health by providing essential nutrients, providing immune education, and preventing pathogen expansion. Processes underlying the transition from a healthy human microbiome to a disease-associated microbiome are poorly understood, partially because of the potential influences from a wide diversity of bacterium-derived compounds that are illy defined. Here, we present the analysis of peptidic small molecules (SMs) secreted from bacteria and viewed from a temporal perspective...
July 2017: MSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760146/developing-harm-reduction-in-the-context-of-youth-substance-use-insights-from-a-multi-site-qualitative-analysis-of-young-people-s-harm-minimization-strategies
#18
Emily K Jenkins, Allie Slemon, Rebecca J Haines-Saah
BACKGROUND: Youth substance use programming and educational strategies are frequently informed by prevention approaches that emphasize abstinence goals, which often do not resonate with youth in their lack of acknowledgment of young people's social context and how young people perceive positive effects of substance use. Further, approaches to drug prevention have been critiqued as adopting a one-size-fits-all approach and therefore inadequate in addressing substance use in the context of population variation and inequities...
July 31, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752946/coping-experience-of-health-concerns-and-physical-disability-for-older-chinese-people-a-qualitative-descriptive-study
#19
He Mei, Sue Turale
In this qualitative, descriptive study, we explored the perspectives of older, community-dwelling Chinese people regarding their experiences of coping with a physical disability and their health concerns. Twenty participants were interviewed in-depth, and data were analyzed using content analysis. Five themes with 13 subthemes emerged that described older people's experiences of coping with health concerns and disability: (i) ignoring health concerns; (ii) managing self; (iii) seeking medical help; (iv) living with physical disability; and (v) relying on limited resources...
July 28, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749566/the-facilitators-and-barriers-of-physical-activity-among-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-regional-sport-participants
#20
Claudie Péloquin, Thomas Doering, Stephanie Alley, Amanda Rebar
BACKGROUND: Disparities in health perspectives between Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations are major concerns in many of the world's well-developed nations. Indigenous populations are largely less healthy, more prone to chronic diseases, and have an earlier overall mortality than non-Indigenous populations. Low levels of physical activity (PA) contribute to the high levels of disease in Indigenous Australians. METHOD: Qualitative analysis of structured one-on-one interviews discussing PA in a regional setting...
July 27, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
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