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Social and cultural perspectives in health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649862/the-role-of-sociocultural-perspectives-in-eating-disorder-treatment-a-study-of-health-professionals
#1
Su Holmes
Eating disorders are now often approached as biopsychosocial problems, because they are widely recognised as multifactorial in origin. However, it has been suggested that there is a substantial and unwarranted imbalance within this biopsychosocial framework, with the 'social' aspects of the equation relegated to secondary or facilitating factors within treatment contexts. Drawing on data from 12 qualitative interviews with health professionals in a UK region, this article examines the extent to which sociocultural perspectives on eating disorders are valued and explored in eating disorder treatment, with a particular focus on the relationship between eating disorders and gender...
June 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645279/diabetes-care-in-a-complex-humanitarian-emergency-setting-a-qualitative-evaluation
#2
Adrianna Murphy, Michel Biringanine, Bayard Roberts, Beverley Stringer, Pablo Perel, Kiran Jobanputra
BACKGROUND: Evidence is urgently needed from complex emergency settings to support efforts to respond to the increasing burden of diabetes mellitus (DM). We conducted a qualitative study of a new model of DM health care (Integrated Diabetic Clinic within an Outpatient Department [IDC-OPD]) implemented by Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) in Mweso Hospital in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). We aimed to explore patient and provider perspectives on the model in order to identify factors that may support or impede it...
June 23, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639123/a-multispecies-approach-to-co-sleeping-integrating-human-animal-co-sleeping-practices-into-our-understanding-of-human-sleep
#3
Bradley P Smith, Peta C Hazelton, Kirrilly R Thompson, Joshua L Trigg, Hayley C Etherton, Sarah L Blunden
Human sleeping arrangements have evolved over time and differ across cultures. The majority of adults share their bed at one time or another with a partner or child, and many also sleep with pets. In fact, around half of dog and cat owners report sharing a bed or bedroom with their pet(s). However, interspecies co-sleeping has been trivialized in the literature relative to interpersonal or human-human co-sleeping, receiving little attention from an interdisciplinary psychological perspective. In this paper, we provide a historical outline of the "civilizing process" that has led to current sociocultural conceptions of sleep as an individual, private function crucial for the functioning of society and the health of individuals...
June 22, 2017: Human Nature: An Interdisciplinary Biosocial Perspective
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628522/patient-experiences-of-partnering-with-healthcare-professionals-for-hand-hygiene-compliance-a-systematic-review
#4
Samantha Butenko, Craig Lockwood, Alexa McArthur
BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated infections pose a significant risk to patients in acute healthcare settings such as hospitals. Increasingly, patients are encouraged to be active participants and partner with healthcare professionals to positively influence their own safety and overall experience throughout their healthcare journey. Patient-focused safety initiatives include the empowerment of patients to be active partners with healthcare professionals in order to influence the hand hygiene behaviors and compliance of the healthcare professionals providing care to them...
June 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614519/historical-and-cultural-aspects-of-the-provision-of-care-at-an-indigenous-healthcare-service-facility
#5
Aridiane Alves Ribeiro, Cássia Irene Spinelli Arantes, Dulce Maria Rosa Gualda, Lídia Aparecida Rossi
This case study aimed to interpret the underlying historical and cultural aspects of the provision of care at an indigenous healthcare service facility. This is an interpretive, case study-type research with qualitative approach, which was conducted in 2012 at the Indigenous Health Support Center (CASAI) of the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Data were collected by means systematic observation, documentary analyses and semi-structured interviews with ten health professionals. Data review was performed according to an approach based on social anthropology and health anthropology...
June 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609264/supporting-muslim-patients-during-advanced-illness
#6
REVIEW
Nathan A Boucher, Ejaz A Siddiqui, Harold G Koenig
Religion is an important part of many patients' cultural perspectives and value systems that influence them during advanced illness and toward the end of life when they directly face mortality. Worldwide violence perpetrated by people identifying as Muslim has been a growing fear for people living in the US and elsewhere. This fear has further increased by the tense rhetoric heard from the recent US presidential campaign and the new presidential administration. For many, this includes fear of all Muslims, the second-largest religious group in the world with 1...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590896/social-representation-of-loud-music-in-young-adults-a-cross-cultural-study
#7
Vinaya Manchaiah, Fei Zhao, Stephen Widen, Jasmin Auzenne, Eldré W Beukes, Tayebeh Ahmadi, David Tomé, Deepthi Mahadeva, Rajalakshmi Krishna, Per Germundsson
BACKGROUND: Exposure to recreational noise, particularly music exposure, is considered one of the biggest public health hazards of our time. Some important influencing factors such as socioeconomic status, educational background, and cross-cultural perspectives have previously been found to be associated with attitudes toward loud music and the use of hearing protection. Although culture seems to play an important role, there is relatively little known about how it influences perceptions regarding loud music exposure in young adults...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590816/found-in-transition
#8
Nicholas Medforth, Elaine Huntingdon
The journey to adulthood is complex and multi-dimensional. Young people may be independent in some spheres of their lives, but dependent in others. For young people with a disability, long-term condition, or mental health problem there are additional hurdles. As they move between health and social care services, they will find significant differences in expectations, delivery, and culture. At the same time, their own needs will be evolving. Despite a great deal of guidance on effective transition support, in 2014, England's Care Quality Commission highlighted a shortfall between policy and practice...
June 7, 2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584178/views-from-many-worlds-unsettling-categories-in-interdisciplinary-research-on-endemic-zoonotic-diseases
#9
REVIEW
Hayley MacGregor, Linda Waldman
Interdisciplinary research on zoonotic disease has tended to focus on 'risk' of disease transmission as a conceptual common denominator. With reference to endemic zoonoses at the livestock-human interface, we argue for considering a broader sweep of disciplinary insights from anthropology and other social sciences in interdisciplinary dialogue, in particular cross-cultural perspectives on human-animal engagement. We consider diverse worldviews where human-animal encounters are perceived of in terms of the kinds of social relations they generate, and the notion of culture is extended to the 'natural' world...
July 19, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582727/validation-of-the-chinese-version-of-public-attitudes-toward-epilepsy-scale-in-mainland-china
#10
Zongwei Yue, Chanthia Ma, Kheng-Seang Lim, Bo Xiao, Qian Wu, Yi Shu, Zhiping Yue, Yelan Wang, Li Feng
PURPOSE: Epilepsy is a significant yet seriously underappreciated public health issue in Mainland China. The stigma and discrimination toward people with epilepsy (PWE) and their families are especially severe in China based on cultural misconceptions which cause tremendous psychological, economic and social burdens. It is imperative to formulate a targeted public intervention to eliminate knowledge gaps and correct these misconceptions of epilepsy. However, to date, the essential tools that may drive such an intervention by measuring the public perspective on PWEs is lacking in China...
June 2, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569385/engaging-indigenous-families-in-a-community-based-indigenous-early-childhood-programme-in-british-columbia-canada-a-cultural-safety-perspective
#11
Alison J Gerlach, Annette J Browne, Margo Greenwood
This article is part of a larger study that explored how an Indigenous early intervention programme in British Columbia (BC), Canada, known as the 'Aboriginal Infant Development Program' (AIDP), influenced family and children's health and well-being and was responsive to child health inequities. Postcolonial feminist and Indigenous feminist perspectives provided a critical analytical lens to this qualitative inquiry. The study was undertaken with AIDPs based in diverse community organisations located in off-reserve urban municipalities throughout the province of BC...
June 1, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562198/challenges-for-providing-health-care-in-traumatized-populations-barriers-for-ptsd-treatments-and-the-need-for-new-developments
#12
Evaldas Kazlauskas
There is a growing recognition about the effects of traumatic experiences on mental health worldwide. With ongoing conflicts, natural disasters, interpersonal violence, and other traumatic events it is estimated that approximately 70% of the global population have been exposed to at least one lifetime traumatic experience. Research shows a substantial proportion of survivors, especially in low- and middle-income countries, would have a posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). During recent decades effective evidence-based treatments for PTSD have been developed...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560195/development-and-psychometric-properties-of-social-exclusion-questionnaire-for-iranian-divorced-women
#13
Fatemeh Zarei, Mahnaz Solhi, Effat Merghati-Khoei, Mohammad Hossein Taghdisi, Davoud Shojaeizadeh, Ann Rosemary Taket, Razieh Masoomi, Saharnaz Nedjat
BACKGROUND: Divorce, especially in women, could be assessed from socio-cultural perspective as well as psychological viewpoint. This assessment requires cultural adopted as well as valid and reliable questionnaire. This study aimed to develop and assess the psychometric properties of a questionnaire in order to address social consequences in Iranian divorced women. METHODS: This was an exploratory mixed method study conducted during 2012 to 2014. According to the grounded theory approach in the first phase, social exclusion was extracted as a core of understanding process in participants...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558781/reducing-occupational-sitting-workers-perspectives-on-participation-in-a-multi-component-intervention
#14
Nyssa T Hadgraft, Lisa Willenberg, Anthony D LaMontagne, Keti Malkoski, David W Dunstan, Genevieve N Healy, Marj Moodie, Elizabeth G Eakin, Neville Owen, Sheleigh P Lawler
BACKGROUND: Office workers spend much of their time sitting, which is now understood to be a risk factor for several chronic diseases. This qualitative study examined participants' perspectives following their involvement in a cluster randomised controlled trial of a multi-component intervention targeting prolonged workplace sitting (Stand Up Victoria). The intervention incorporated a sit-stand workstation, individual health coaching and organisational support strategies. The aim of the study was to explore the acceptability of the intervention, barriers and facilitators to reducing workplace sitting, and perceived effects of the intervention on workplace culture, productivity and health-related outcomes...
May 30, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543651/the-past-present-and-future-of-mexico-s-national-bioethics-commission
#15
Manuel Ruiz de Chavez, Aidee Orozco, Gustavo Olaiz
The establishment of Mexico's National Bioethics Commission (Comisión Nacional de Bioética), in 1992, was conceived within the context of a global movement aimed at raising awareness of the ethical implications of technological and scientific development, especially in biomedicine. In 2005, a new decree put the commission under the scope of the Secretariat of Health and granted it technical and operational autonomy, allowing it to become a regulatory agency aimed at promoting a culture of bioethics, encouraging reflection on human health, and developing guidelines for health care, research, and education, through a global, secular, and democratic perspective...
May 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540367/lived-lives-a-pavee-perspective-an-arts-science-community-intervention-around-suicide-in-an-indigenous-ethnic-minority
#16
Kevin M Malone, Seamus G McGuinness, Eimear Cleary, Janis Jefferies, Christabel Owens, Cecily C Kelleher
Background: Suicide is a significant public health concern, which impacts on health outcomes. Few suicide research studies have been interdisciplinary. We combined a psychobiographical autopsy with a visual arts autopsy, in which families donated stories, images and objects associated with the lived life of a loved one lost to suicide. From this interdisciplinary research platform, a mediated exhibition was created (Lived Lives) with artist, scientist and families, co-curated by communities, facilitating dialogue, response and public action around suicide prevention...
April 13, 2017: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538138/factors-leading-to-overutilisation-of-hospital-pathology-testing-the-junior-doctor
#17
William Ericksson, Janine Bothe, Heidi Cheung, Kate Zhang, Simone Kelly
Objective Pathology overutilisation is a significant issue affecting the quality and cost of health care. Because junior medical officers (JMOs) order most pathology tests in the hospital setting, the aim of the present study was to identify the main reasons for hospital pathology overutilisation from the perspective of the JMO.Methods A qualitative method, using focus group methodology, was undertaken. Sixteen JMOs from two hospitals participated in three focus groups. Data were analysed using thematic analysis...
May 25, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537218/examining-rural-older-adults-perceptions-of-cognitive-health
#18
Juanita Bacsu, Sylvia Abonyi, Marc Viger, Debra Morgan, Shanthi Johnson, Bonnie Jeffery
Existing cognitive health literature focuses on the perspectives of older adults with dementia. However, little is known about the ways in which healthy older adults without dementia understand their cognitive health. In rural communities, early dementia diagnosis may be impeded by numerous factors including transportation challenges, cultural obstacles, and inadequate access to health and support services. Based on participant observation and two waves of 42 semi-structured interviews, this study examined healthy, rural older adults' perceptions of cognitive health...
May 24, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525780/age-of-despair-or-age-of-hope-palestinian-women-s-perspectives-on-midlife-health
#19
Doaa Hammoudeh, Ernestina Coast, David Lewis, Yoke van der Meulen, Tiziana Leone, Rita Giacaman
There is limited evidence about women's experiences of the midlife, beyond a narrow - frequently biomedical - focus on the menopause. The broader (physical, social, cultural, political) dimensions of women's midlife health are poorly understood, particularly in low and middle-income countries. Our study seeks to understand how women in the West Bank (occupied Palestinian territories) conceptualise, experience and manage their health in the midlife. We generated qualitative evidence using in-depth life history interviews in 2015 with women (n = 35) living in the West Bank, analysed thematically...
May 11, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512075/public-trust-in-vaccination-an-analytical-framework
#20
Vijayaprasad Gopichandran
While vaccination is one of the most successful public health interventions, there has always been a parallel movement against vaccines. Apart from scientific factors, the uptake of vaccinations is influenced by historical, political, sociocultural and economic factors. In India, the health system is struggling with logistical weaknesses in taking vaccination to the remotest corners; while on the other hand, some people in places where vaccination is available resist it. Unwillingness to be vaccinated is a growing problem in the developed world...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
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