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Social and cultural perspectives in health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543651/the-past-present-and-future-of-mexico-s-national-bioethics-commission
#1
Manuel Ruiz de Chavez, Aidee Orozco, Gustavo Olaiz
The establishment of Mexico's National Bioethics Commission (Comisión Nacional de Bioética), in 1992, was conceived within the context of a global movement aimed at raising awareness of the ethical implications of technological and scientific development, especially in biomedicine. In 2005, a new decree put the commission under the scope of the Secretariat of Health and granted it technical and operational autonomy, allowing it to become a regulatory agency aimed at promoting a culture of bioethics, encouraging reflection on human health, and developing guidelines for health care, research, and education, through a global, secular, and democratic perspective...
May 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540367/lived-lives-a-pavee-perspective-an-arts-science-community-intervention-around-suicide-in-an-indigenous-ethnic-minority
#2
Kevin M Malone, Seamus G McGuinness, Eimear Cleary, Janis Jefferies, Christabel Owens, Cecily C Kelleher
Background: Suicide is a significant public health concern, which impacts on health outcomes. Few suicide research studies have been interdisciplinary. We combined a psychobiographical autopsy with a visual arts autopsy, in which families donated stories, images and objects associated with the lived life of a loved one lost to suicide. From this interdisciplinary research platform, a mediated exhibition was created (Lived Lives) with artist, scientist and families, co-curated by communities, facilitating dialogue, response and public action around suicide prevention...
April 13, 2017: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538138/factors-leading-to-overutilisation-of-hospital-pathology-testing-the-junior-doctor
#3
William Ericksson, Janine Bothe, Heidi Cheung, Kate Zhang, Simone Kelly
Objective Pathology overutilisation is a significant issue affecting the quality and cost of health care. Because junior medical officers (JMOs) order most pathology tests in the hospital setting, the aim of the present study was to identify the main reasons for hospital pathology overutilisation from the perspective of the JMO.Methods A qualitative method, using focus group methodology, was undertaken. Sixteen JMOs from two hospitals participated in three focus groups. Data were analysed using thematic analysis...
May 25, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537218/examining-rural-older-adults-perceptions-of-cognitive-health
#4
Juanita Bacsu, Sylvia Abonyi, Marc Viger, Debra Morgan, Shanthi Johnson, Bonnie Jeffery
Existing cognitive health literature focuses on the perspectives of older adults with dementia. However, little is known about the ways in which healthy older adults without dementia understand their cognitive health. In rural communities, early dementia diagnosis may be impeded by numerous factors including transportation challenges, cultural obstacles, and inadequate access to health and support services. Based on participant observation and two waves of 42 semi-structured interviews, this study examined healthy, rural older adults' perceptions of cognitive health...
May 24, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525780/age-of-despair-or-age-of-hope-palestinian-women-s-perspectives-on-midlife-health
#5
Doaa Hammoudeh, Ernestina Coast, David Lewis, Yoke van der Meulen, Tiziana Leone, Rita Giacaman
There is limited evidence about women's experiences of the midlife, beyond a narrow - frequently biomedical - focus on the menopause. The broader (physical, social, cultural, political) dimensions of women's midlife health are poorly understood, particularly in low and middle-income countries. Our study seeks to understand how women in the West Bank (occupied Palestinian territories) conceptualise, experience and manage their health in the midlife. We generated qualitative evidence using in-depth life history interviews in 2015 with women (n = 35) living in the West Bank, analysed thematically...
May 11, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512075/public-trust-in-vaccination-an-analytical-framework
#6
Vijayaprasad Gopichandran
While vaccination is one of the most successful public health interventions, there has always been a parallel movement against vaccines. Apart from scientific factors, the uptake of vaccinations is influenced by historical, political, sociocultural and economic factors. In India, the health system is struggling with logistical weaknesses in taking vaccination to the remotest corners; while on the other hand, some people in places where vaccination is available resist it. Unwillingness to be vaccinated is a growing problem in the developed world...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504041/book-review-disordered-personalities-and-crime-an-analysis-of-the-history-of-moral-insanity-mental-illness-human-rights-and-the-law-mental-health-and-the-criminal-justice-system-a-social-work-perspective-handbook-of-secure-care-and-secure-lives-the-meaning
#7
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495908/towards-cultural-materialism-in-the-medical-humanities-the-case-of-blood-rejuvenation
#8
Catherine Oakley
This paper argues for an approach within the medical humanities that draws on the theoretical legacy of cultural materialism as a framework for reading cultural practices and their relationship to the social and economic order. It revisits the origins and development of cultural materialism in cultural studies and literary studies between the 1970s and 1990s and considers how, with adaptation, this methodology might facilitate ideological criticism focused on material formations of health, disease and the human body...
May 11, 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466116/cultural-sensitive-care-provision-in-a-public-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-centre-a-case-study-from-the-toulouse-university-hospital-intercultural-consultation
#9
Gesine Sturm, Sylvie Bonnet, Yolaine Coussot, Katja Journot, Jean-Philippe Raynaud
Child and adolescent mental health services in Europe are confronted with children with increasingly diverse socio-cultural backgrounds. Clinicians encounter cultural environments of hyperdiversity in terms of languages and countries of origin, growing diversity within groups, and accelerated change with regards to social and administrational situations (Hannah, in: DelVecchio Good et al. (eds) Shattering culture: American medicine responds to cultural diversity, Russel Sage Foundation, New York, 2011). Children and families who live in these complex constellations face multiple vulnerabilizing factors related to overlapping or intersecting social identities (Crenshaw in Univ Chic Leg Forum 140:139-167, 1989)...
May 2, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461866/life-experiences-of-patients-before-having-hypertension-a-qualitative-study
#10
Afzal Shamsi, Nahid Dehghan Nayeri, Maryam Esmaili
INTRODUCTION: Identification of causes of hypertension on the basis of the perspectives and experiences of patients is the key to success in health plans of these patients. The aim of this study was to describe the experiences of life before becoming hypertensive patients. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted during August 2015 to April 2016. Twenty-seven hypertensive patients referred to hospitals affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences were selected based on purposive sampling, and semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with them...
March 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453655/multiple-old-ages-the-influence-of-social-context-on-women-s-aging-anxiety
#11
Anne E Barrett, Erica L Toothman
Objectives: Dominant views of aging generate anxiety for many adults-especially women, who face greater disadvantages in later life compared with men. However, little is known about changes in these concerns over time and their variation across women. Employing a feminist perspective on age relations, our study examines three social contexts affecting women's aging anxiety-social location, health, and social relationships. Method: Using a sample of women (n = 905) from Midlife in the United States (1995-1996; 2004-2006), logistic regression models examine predictors of over-time patterns in three aging anxiety sources-declining attractiveness, declining health, and reproductive aging...
April 27, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453118/-community-center-for-human-development-program-for-african-colombian-families-based-on-the-participatory-action-research-approach
#12
Yenny M Barreto-Zorza, Vilma F Velasquez-Gutierrez
Objective: To describe the process of construction of a program of Primary Health Care (PHC) for African-Colombian families in Guapi, Cauca. Methodology: Participatory action research (PAR). Results: The PHC program is a collective construction between the IAP Group and the Commission for Support and Follow-up (CAS), carried out in four phases: 1. Field preparation; 2. Approximation to the universe of the African-Colombian families of Guapi; 3...
September 2016: Revista de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447917/differences-in-experiences-of-discrimination-in-accessing-social-services-among-transgender-gender-nonconforming-individuals-by-dis-ability
#13
Shanna K Kattari, N Eugene Walls, Stephanie Rachel Speer
Transgender and gender nonconforming (GNC) individuals frequently experience discrimination and potentially a lack of respect from service providers, suggesting they have decreased access to professionals with cultural competency. Similarly, people with disabilities experience higher levels of discrimination in social services than their nondisabled counterparts. From an intersectional perspective, this study examines rates of discrimination in accessing social services faced by transgender and GNC people, comparing across ability...
April 2017: Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428813/perinatal-depression-in-nigeria-perspectives-of-women-family-caregivers-and-health-care-providers
#14
Ademola Adeponle, Danielle Groleau, Lola Kola, Laurence J Kirmayer, Oye Gureje
BACKGROUND: Perinatal maternal depression is common and undertreated in many sub-Saharan African countries, including Nigeria. While culture shapes the social determinants and expression of depressive symptoms, there is a dearth of research investigating these processes in African contexts. METHODS: To address this gap, we conducted in-depth interviews with 14 women with perinatal depression, 14 of their family caregivers and 11 health providers, using the McGill Illness Narrative Interview as part of a larger trial of a stepped-care intervention...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418836/perspectives-accountability-for-mental-health-the-australian-experience
#15
Sebastian Rosenberg, Luis Salvador-Carulla
BACKGROUND: Australia was one of the first countries to develop a national policy for mental health. A persistent characteristic of all these policies has been their reference to the importance of accountability. What does this mean exactly and have we achieved it? Can Australia tell if anybody is getting better? AIMS OF THE STUDY: To review accountability for mental health in Australia and question whether two decades of Australian rhetoric around accountability for mental health has been fulfilled...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403844/health-and-legal-literacy-for-migrants-twinned-strands-woven-in-the-cloth-of-social-justice-and-the-human-right-to-health-care
#16
Bilkis Vissandjée, Wendy E Short, Karine Bates
BACKGROUND: Based on an analysis of published literature, this paper provides an over-view of the challenges associated with delivering on the right to access quality health care for international migrants to industrialized countries, and asks which group of professionals is best equipped to provide services that increase health and legal literacy. Both rights and challenges are approached from a social justice perspective with the aim of identifying opportunities to promote greater health equity...
April 13, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375953/co-producing-interprofessional-round-work-designing-spaces-for-patient-partnership
#17
Karin Thörne, Boel Andersson-Gäre, Håkan Hult, Madeleine Abrandt-Dahlgren
Within wide-ranging quality improvement agendas, patient involvement in health care is widely accepted as crucial. Ward rounds that include patients' active participation are growing as an approach to involve patients, ensure safety, and improve quality. An emerging approach to studying quality improvement is to focus on "clinical microsystems," where patients, professionals, and information systems interact. This provides an opportunity to study ward rounds more deeply. A new model of conducting ward rounds implemented through quality improvement work was studied, using the theory of practice architectures as an analytical tool...
April 2017: Quality Management in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374505/improving-the-sexual-lives-of-older-australians-perspectives-from-a-qualitative-study
#18
Bianca Fileborn, Anthony Lyons, Sharron Hinchliff, Graham Brown, Wendy Heywood, Briony Dow, Sue Malta, Victor Minichiello
OBJECTIVE: To examine older Australian's perspectives on how their sexual lives can best be supported and/or improved. METHODS: Fifty-three, semi-structured interviews were conducted with Australian men (n = 30) and women (n = 23) aged 60 and over. RESULTS: Participants identified a range of key issues and areas where their sexual lives could be further supported or improved upon, including normalising the occurrence of sex and sexual desire in later life; increasing and improving on the quality of, cultural representations of older adults; introducing policy, educational and practice-based changes in age care facilities to support the consensual sexual expression of residents; and ensuring that sexual health campaigns and education are inclusive of older people...
April 3, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361111/perspectives-of-patients-caregivers-and-researchers-on-research-priorities-in-donation-and-transplantation-in-canada-a-pilot-workshop
#19
Julie Allard, Céline Durand, Samantha J Anthony, Vincent Dumez, David Hartell, Marie-Josée Hébert, Lori J West, Linda Wright, Marie-Chantal Fortin
BACKGROUND: It is vitally important to seek input from key stakeholders to increase the quality and relevance of health-related research and accelerate its adoption into practice. Patients and caregivers have rarely been involved in setting research priorities in the transplantation and donation field. The objectives of this explorative study are: (i) to discuss research priorities within the Canadian National Transplant Research Program during a priority-setting exercise with patients, caregivers, organ donors and researchers and (ii) to compare the identified priorities with research published in 2 prestigious transplantation journals...
February 2017: Transplantation Direct
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344984/advance-directive-in-end-of-life-decision-making-among-the-yoruba-of-south-western-nigeria
#20
Ayodele Samuel Jegede, Olufunke Olufunsho Adegoke
End-of-life decision making is value-laden within the context of culture and bioethics. Also, ethics committee role is difficult to understand on this, thus need for ethnomethodological perspective in an expanding bioethical age. Anthropological approach was utilized to document Yoruba definition and perspective of death, cultural beliefs about end-of-life decision making, factors influencing it and ethics committee role. Interviews were conducted among selected Yoruba resident in Akinyele LGA, Oyo State, Nigeria...
November 2016: BEOnline: Journal of the West African Bioethics Training Program
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