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Social and cultural perspectives in health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776978/ethical-arguments-for-access-to-abortion-services-in-the-republic-of-ireland-recent-developments-in-the-public-discourse
#1
Joan McCarthy, Katherine O'Donnell, Louise Campbell, Dolores Dooley
The Republic of Ireland has some of the most restrictive abortion legislation in the world which grants to the 'unborn' an equal right to life to that of the pregnant woman. This article outlines recent developments in the public discourse on abortion in Ireland and explains the particular cultural and religious context that informs the ethical case for access to abortion services. Our perspective rests on respect for two very familiar moral principles - autonomy and justice - which are at the centre of social and democratic societies around the world...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774510/recruiting-filipino-immigrants-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-promoting-enrollment-in-an-evidence-based-parenting-intervention
#2
Joyce R Javier, Angela Reyes, Dean M Coffey, Sheree M Schrager, Allan Samson, Lawrence Palinkas, Michele D Kipke, Jeanne Miranda
Filipinos, the second largest Asian subgroup in the U.S., experience significant youth behavioral health disparities but remain under-represented in health research. We describe lessons learned from using the Matching Model of Recruitment to recruit 215 Filipinos to participate in a large, randomized controlled trial of a culturally tailored video aimed at increasing enrollment in the Incredible Years® Parent Program. We recruited participants from schools, churches, clinics, community events, and other community-based locations...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771904/development-of-an-otitis-media-strategy-in-the-pacific-key-informant-perspectives
#3
Elizabeth Holt, Judith McCool, Vili Nosa, Peter Thorne
AIM: Ear and hearing health services are scarce within Pacific Island countries. Where available, they remain under-resourced, despite there being a high estimated prevalence of otitis media and otitis media-related hearing loss. This study examines the potential for improving ear and hearing health strategies by examining key factors, opportunities and challenges, working with Fiji as a case study. METHOD: A series of semi-structured interviews were conducted with professionals who had experience in otitis media programme implementation and/or professionals with working experience within the Pacific region and the Fiji health system...
May 18, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764308/balancing-risk-interpersonal-intimacy-and-agency-perspectives-from-marginalised-women-in-zambia
#4
Lwendo Moonzwe Davis, Kristin Marie Kostick
Women are most exposed to sexual health risks within their marital relationships, primarily due to the sexually risky behaviours of their spouses. Studies show that expanding agency is critical for women to mitigate both physical and sexual health risks and is linked to increased psycho-social well-being and economic independence. Drawing on qualitative and quantitative primary data collected from a peri-urban community in Zambia, this paper explores how women exert agency in a community where few educational and economic opportunities and substantial food insecurity exacerbate women's risk for HIV within their marital relationships...
May 15, 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764196/a-dialectical-and-dialogical-approach-to-health-policies-and-programs-the-case-of-open-defecation-in-india
#5
Robin Patric Clair, Rahul Rastogi, Seungyoon Lee, Rosalee A Clawson, Ernest R Blatchley, Charlotte Erdmann
A multi-pronged approach to health policy and programs related to open defecation (OD) is proposed via a qualitative study conducted in rural India. A dialogic and dialectic perspective is employed to interpret the key findings from nine focus groups, highlighting the dialectical views toward OD and latrines. Findings indicate that current policy may be too narrow as it does not fully deal with the multiple reasons, including social communication as well as gender, cultural, health and work identity issues, for OD...
May 15, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764104/the-response-to-and-impact-of-the-ebola-epidemic-towards-an-agenda-for-interdisciplinary-research
#6
Michael Calnan, Erica W Gadsby, Mandy Kader Kondé, Abdourahime Diallo, Jeremy S Rossman
BACKGROUND: The 2013-2016 Ebola virus disease (EVD) epidemic in West Africa was the largest in history and resulted in a huge public health burden and significant social and economic impact in those countries most affected. Its size, duration and geographical spread presents important opportunities for research than might help national and global health and social care systems to better prepare for and respond to future outbreaks. This paper examines research needs and research priorities from the perspective of those who directly experienced the EVD epidemic in Guinea...
September 3, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749310/biological-and-psychological-influences-of-cross-sex-hormone-in-transgender
#7
Ling Shiao Ling, Hatta Sidi, Raja Adam Raja Lope, Srijit Das, Azlin Baharudin
Transgender is a complex state of bio-psycho-social dimension of human sexuality. It encompasses cognitive-emotional-behavior component that makes the person unique in his or her sexual expression. Transgender tend to use cross sex hormone in order to eradicate their secondary sexual characteristics and to facilitate the shift to their experienced gender. The common masculinising sex hormone use, i.e. Female to Male Treatment Options (FMTO) is testosterone and for feminising hormone i.e. Male to Female Treatment Options (MFTO) is a combination of estrogen with anti-androgen, respectively...
May 11, 2018: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748787/rethinking-risk-culture-and-intervention-in-collective-sex-environments
#8
Katherine Frank
This article provides a narrative overview of research on HIV/STI risk and collective sexual behavior based on an inclusive analysis of research on environments where people gather for sexual activity-sex clubs, swingers' clubs, bathhouses, parks, private sex parties, etc. The aim is to analyze how collective sex has been approached across disciplines to promote conversation across paradigms and suggest new lines of inquiry. Attention to context-such as the location of sex-was a necessary redress to universalizing models of sexual risk-taking behavior, leading to insights rooted in the particularities of each environment and its users...
May 10, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738190/recruiting-and-engaging-african-american-men-in-health-research
#9
Schenita Randolph, Tanya Coakley, Jeffrey Shears
BACKGROUND: Improving the health of black and minority ethnic (BME) men in the US continues to be a public health priority. Compared with men of other races and ethnicities, African-American men have higher rates of mortality and morbidity from chronic illness and diseases including cancer, heart disease, prostate cancer, diabetes and HIV/AIDS. One way to address these disparities is to include African-American men in health research, to elicit their perspectives on health risks and protective factors...
May 8, 2018: Nurse Researcher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726738/perceptions-of-disability-environmental-risk-factors-and-available-services-among-local-leaders-and-parents-of-young-children-with-disabilities-in-west-timor-indonesia
#10
Indra Kiling, Clemence Due, Dominggus Li, Deborah Turnbull
PURPOSE: As an underdeveloped region of Indonesia, West Timor faces a significant challenge of childhood disability compounded by environmental risk factors such as poverty, discrimination and stigma, and limited access to basic services. However, very little is currently known about how this important social issue is viewed from the perspective of parents and local leaders, who play an influential role in local society. This research aimed to explore the views of these groups, towards childhood disability, within an environmental risk context...
May 4, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724247/sociodemographic-differences-in-the-cultural-significance-of-edible-and-toxic-mushrooms-among-tsotsil-towns-in-the-highlands-of-chiapas-mexico
#11
Felipe Ruan-Soto
BACKGROUND: Mushrooms are important forest resources, mostly as food, despite the serious health threat posed by toxic species. In the Highlands of Chiapas, numerous wild mushroom intoxications have been registered. While Chiapas has been vastly studied from an ethnomycological perspective, no certainty exists as to how nomenclature systems differentiate edible and toxic species, which species are most culturally significant, and whether sociodemographic factors relate to how well-known they are in the Highlands of Chiapas...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722593/a-life-course-examination-of-women-s-team-sport-participation-in-late-adulthood
#12
Jen D Wong, Julie S Son, Stephanie T West, Jill J Naar, Toni Liechty
This study contributes to the fields of aging and physical activity by applying the key principles of the life course perspective to investigate women's team sport participation experience in late adulthood. Through focus groups, data were collected from six competitive softball teams of women (N=64) ranging from 55 to 79 years old. Data were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed for themes related to the life course principles of historical context and place, social embeddedness, agency, as well as trajectories and timing...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720013/general-practitioners-experiences-of-asthma-management-in-culturally-and-linguistically-diverse-populations
#13
Reem Alzaye, Betty Bouad Chaar, Iman A Basheti, Bandana Saini
OBJECTIVE:  The purpose of this study was to explore General Practitioners' experiences and perspectives about asthma management of culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) people with asthma, particularly with reference to Arabic speaking patients with low English proficiency (LEP). METHODS:  Semi-structured interviews guided by an interview protocol were conducted with general practitioners who deal with CALD patients with asthma. Participants were recruited from medical practices in Melbourne, Australia...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717393/hypertension-in-developing-countries-a-major-challenge-for-the-future
#14
REVIEW
M Mohsen Ibrahim
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Outline recent epidemiologic data regarding hypertension in developing countries, distinguish differences from developed countries, and identify challenges in management and future perspectives. RECENT FINDINGS: Increased sugar intake, air and noise pollution, and low birth weight are emerging hypertension risk factors. The major challenges in management are difficulties in accurate diagnosis of hypertension and adequate blood pressure control...
May 1, 2018: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704541/towards-more-sustainable-diets-insights-from-the-food-philosophies-of-gourmets-and-their-relevance-for-policy-strategies
#15
Hanna Schösler, Joop de Boer
Food has become a central focus for the achievement of sustainability objectives. One of the current challenges is that promoting food sustainability requires much more attention to cultural and social contexts and the food philosophies of specific groups of consumers. The present paper focuses on those consumers in the Netherlands who intrinsically appreciate the taste and the quality of food (hereafter "gourmets"). Our expectation was that, due to their respect for the origin of food and their distance from mainstream food culture, the gourmets may be able to reveal practices and cultural assumptions that help to find entry points for promoting more sustainable food choices among the general population...
April 25, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691161/experiences-and-perspectives-of-dietary-management-among-patients-on-hemodialysis-an-interview-study
#16
Jessica Stevenson, Allison Tong, Talia Gutman, Katrina L Campbell, Jonathan C Craig, Mark A Brown, Vincent W Lee
OBJECTIVES: Diet and fluid management can reduce mortality, serious comorbidities, and debilitating symptoms in patients on hemodialysis, but restrictions may also be a major burden, and nonadherence remains high. We aimed to describe the perspectives and experiences of patients on hemodialysis regarding their dietary management to understand both facilitators and barriers to adherence and to identify strategies to improve care. DESIGN AND METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 35 people on maintenance hemodialysis from six dialysis units in New South Wales, Australia...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625368/reconfiguring-the-violent-encounter-preloading-security-staff-and-breathalyser-use-in-the-night-time-economy
#17
Hannah Farrimond, Katharine Boyd, Dreolin Fleischer
BACKGROUND: In a culture of preloading and late-night licenses, alcohol-related violence remains a persistent problem for police and public health. Understood as a ritualized 'micro-social' interaction (Collins 2009a, 2009b), entry into bars and clubs is a particular flashpoint for violence between bouncers/door staff and customers. METHODS: A police-led initiative to deter excessive drunkenness and preloading using hand-held breathalysers (the #RU2Drunk scheme) was investigated from the perspective of security and bar staff using the devices...
April 3, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623271/continuous-quality-improvement-and-comprehensive-primary-health-care-a-systems-framework-to-improve-service-quality-and-health-outcomes
#18
Janya McCalman, Ross Bailie, Roxanne Bainbridge, Karen McPhail-Bell, Nikki Percival, Deborah Askew, Ruth Fagan, Komla Tsey
Continuous quality improvement (CQI) processes for improving clinical care and health outcomes have been implemented by primary health-care services, with resultant health-care impacts. But only 10-20% of gain in health outcomes is contributed by health-care services; a much larger share is determined by social and cultural factors. This perspective paper argues that health care and health outcomes can be enhanced through applying CQI as a systems approach to comprehensive primary health care. Referring to the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australian context as an example, the authors provide a systems framework that includes strategies and conditions to facilitate evidence-based and local decision making by primary health-care services...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621909/on-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-in-the-united-states-a-historical-perspective
#19
Jordan A Conrad
The history of intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) in the United States is, in many ways, a triumphant story reflecting an increasingly progressive attitude acknowledging the equality of all persons. The law now recognizes people with IDD as citizens, possessing an equal right to education, health care, and employment-each of which represents milestone victories. However, this progression was not a linear development but rather a product of periods of growth and decline, backsliding, and hard-won battles across political, cultural, and legal domains...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614732/determinants-of-child-health-behaviors-in-a-disadvantaged-area-from-a-community-perspective-a-participatory-needs-assessment
#20
Manou Anselma, Mai Jeanette Maidy Chinapaw, Teatske Maria Altenburg
Children from disadvantaged areas are hard to reach for interventions aimed at promoting healthy lifestyles. We conducted a participatory needs assessment, in which researchers collaborated with a community in a disadvantaged area in Amsterdam to gain an understanding of the health-related issues of children within this community. Qualitative data was collected through: three to four participatory group meetings with three groups of 9-12-year-old children ( n = 5-9 per group); nine interviews with professionals working with youth; two interviews with parents and their children; and informal meetings including 31 parents...
March 31, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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