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Asthma and rhinitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153857/predicting-the-atopic-march-results-from-the-canadian-healthy-infant-longitudinal-development-study
#1
Maxwell M Tran, Diana L Lefebvre, Christoffer Dharma, David Dai, Wendy Y W Lou, Padmaja Subbarao, Allan B Becker, Piush J Mandhane, Stuart E Turvey, Malcolm R Sears
BACKGROUND: The atopic march describes the progression from atopic dermatitis during infancy to asthma and allergic rhinitis in later childhood. In a Canadian birth cohort we investigated whether concomitant allergic sensitization enhances subsequent development of these allergic diseases at age 3 years. METHODS: Children completed skin prick testing at age 1 year. Children were considered sensitized if they produced a wheal 2 mm or larger than that elicited by the negative control to any of 10 inhalant or food allergens...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153708/pathophysiology-of-il-33-and-il-17-in-allergic-disorders
#2
REVIEW
Rinkesh Kumar Gupta, Kriti Gupta, Premendra D Dwivedi
Allergic diseases are among common clinical conditions, affecting millions of children and adults throughout the world. Food allergies, skin allergies (atopic dermatitis), and respiratory allergies (allergic rhinitis and asthma) are the common types of allergies. Recently discovered cytokines IL-17 and IL-33 have been found to play an important role in the pathogenicity of various hypersensitive disorders. After exposure to allergens or infection with parasites or viruses, IL-17 and IL-33 producing cells, such as Th17 and specialized epithelial cells respectively, become activated and trigger the pathogenic immune responses in different susceptible conditions...
November 11, 2017: Cytokine & Growth Factor Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150715/interleukin-33-promotes-helper-t-cell-type-2-17-inflammation-in-children-with-allergic-rhinitis
#3
Yuanming Wang, Chuling Li, Xianglin Luo, Deyu Xu, Yaxiong Xu, Guanquan Li, Fang Liao, Shujuan Tan
OBJECTIVES: Interleukin-33 is a recently described cytokine which involved in helper T cell type-2 (Th2) mediated diseases. However, its regulatory effect in the pathogenesis of children allergic rhinitis (AR) needs to be further characterized. This study aims to evaluate the expression and role of IL-33 in children with AR. METHODS: Forty children with AR and twenty normal controls were included. IL-33 and Th cytokine production in serum and nasal lavage was examined by immunosorbent assay (ELISA), respectively...
November 17, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150353/barrier-dysfunction-in-the-nasal-allergy
#4
REVIEW
Ayumi Fukuoka, Tomohiro Yoshimoto
Epithelial cells form the first physiological barrier against invasion by pathogens and the infiltration of allergens. Tight junctions (TJ), a cell-cell junctional complex located on the apical side of epithelial cells, have a critical role in the maintenance of epithelial barrier function. Impaired TJ structures are observed in patients with asthma, atopic dermatitis and nasal allergy; therefore, the dysfunction of epithelial barriers might be involved in the initiation or progression of allergic diseases...
November 14, 2017: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146015/tablet-based-sublingual-immunotherapy-for-respiratory-allergy
#5
REVIEW
L Prieto
Allergic respiratory disease represents a significant and expanding health problem worldwide. The gold standard of therapeutic intervention is still grucocorticosteroids, although they are not effective in all patients and may cause side effects. Allergen Immunotherapy has been administrated as subcutaneous injections for treatment of allergic rhinoconjunctivitis and asthma and has been practiced for the past century. Sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) tablets are now available for grass- or ragweed-induced rhinoconjunctivitis and will be available in Spain for house dust mite (HDM)-induced rhinoconjunctivitis and asthma in the next months...
November 13, 2017: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143385/patterns-of-allergic-sensitization-and-atopic-dermatitis-from-1-to-3-years-effects-on-allergic-diseases
#6
C Dharma, D L Lefebvre, M M Tran, W Y W Lou, P Subbarao, A B Becker, P J Mandhane, S E Turvey, M R Sears
BACKGROUND: While allergic sensitization and atopic dermatitis (AD) are known to increase the risk for allergic diseases, the impact of different temporal and clinical patterns of sensitization and AD is less well defined. OBJECTIVE: We investigated patterns of sensitization and AD from early infancy to age 3, and the differential risk for developing allergic diseases within each pattern in a general cohort. METHODS: Children (n=2629) from the Canadian Healthy Infant Longitudinal Development (CHILD) Study underwent skin prick tests and were assessed clinically for AD at ages 1 and 3 years...
November 16, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142570/assessment-of-work-related-asthma-cases-our-three-year-experience
#7
Ayse Coskun Beyan, Nur Safak Alici, Arif Cimrin
Objective: Work-related asthma (WRA) is one of the most common occupational diseases. In this study, we aimed to review diagnosing procedures and the characteristics of patients who were diagnosed with WRA. Methods: Between November 2013 and June 2016; 214 patients were referred to our clinic with WRA suspicion by an occupational health specialist, personal visit, chest disease specialists [61 (28%), 51 (23%), and 102 (47%) respectively]. Occupational history, functional and radiological assessment, skin prick test, PEF monitoring were done...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141605/an-intronic-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-rs13217795-in-foxo3-is-associated-with-asthma-and-allergic-rhinitis-a-case-case-control-study
#8
Justin Z Amarin, Randa G Naffa, Haya H Suradi, Yousof M Alsaket, Nathir M Obeidat, Tareq M Mahafza, Malek A Zihlif
BACKGROUND: Asthma and allergic rhinitis are respiratory diseases with a significant global burden. Forkhead box O3 (FOXO3) is a gene involved in the etiology of a number of respiratory diseases. The objective of this study is to assess the association of rs13217795, an intronic FOXO3 single-nucleotide polymorphism, with asthma and allergic rhinitis. METHODS: In this case-case-control genetic association study, genotyping was conducted using the PCR-RFLP method...
November 15, 2017: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135514/prevalence-and-clinical-characteristics-of-local-allergic-rhinitis-to-house-dust-mites
#9
Yoo Seob Shin, Chang-Gyu Jung, Hae-Sim Park
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Local allergic rhinitis (LAR) is a recently classified subtype of rhinitis defined by a nasal allergic response in patients without systemic evidence of atopy. Recent studies have reported the prevalence, clinical course, culprit allergens, diagnostic methods and treatment outcomes of LAR. The purpose of this review is to summarize the most relevant and updated scientific evidence for LAR, especially focusing on its prevalence and clinical characteristics. RECENT FINDINGS: LAR is found in a significant proportion (3...
November 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133326/risks-for-comorbidity-in-children-with-atopic-disorders-an-observational-study-in-dutch-general-practices
#10
David H J Pols, Arthur M Bohnen, Mark M J Nielen, Joke C Korevaar, Patrick J E Bindels
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate both atopic and non-atopic comorbid symptoms and diseases in children with physician-diagnosed atopic disorders (atopic eczema, asthma and allergic rhinitis). METHODS: All children aged 0-18 years listed in a nationwide primary care database (the Netherlands Institute for Health Services Research-Primary Care Database) with routinely collected healthcare data in 2014 were selected. Children with atopic disorders were matched on age and gender with non-atopic controls within the same general practice...
November 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133218/cluster-analysis-identifies-3-phenotypes-within-allergic-asthma
#11
María Paz Sendín-Hernández, Carmelo Ávila-Zarza, Catalina Sanz, Asunción García-Sánchez, Elena Marcos-Vadillo, Francisco J Muñoz-Bellido, Elena Laffond, Christian Domingo, María Isidoro-García, Ignacio Dávila
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a heterogeneous chronic disease with different clinical expressions and responses to treatment. In recent years, several unbiased approaches based on clinical, physiological, and molecular features have described several phenotypes of asthma. Some phenotypes are allergic, but little is known about whether these phenotypes can be further subdivided. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to phenotype patients with allergic asthma using an unbiased approach based on multivariate classification techniques (unsupervised hierarchical cluster analysis)...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132467/-distribution-characteristics-of-serum-specific-ige-for-inhaled-allergens-in-children-with-different-airway-allergic-diseases
#12
Kang Zhu, Xiao-Ling Hou, Hui-Jie Huang, Ya-Ru Wang, Yi-Xin Ren, Xin Ni, Li Xiang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the distribution characteristics of serum specific IgE (sIgE) for inhaled allergens in children with different airway allergic diseases. METHODS: Fluorescent enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay on the UniCAP250 system was performed to measure serum sIgE for 9 common inhaled allergens in 256 children aged 3-14 years with different airway allergic diseases. According to the clinical diagnosis, these children were divided into rhinitis group (37 children with allergic rhinitis), asthma group (82 children with bronchial asthma), and rhinitis-asthma group (137 children with allergic rhinitis complicated by bronchial asthma)...
November 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128708/childhood-brain-tumours-early-infections-and-immune-stimulation-a-pooled-analysis-of-the-escale-and-estelle-case-control-studies-sfce-france
#13
Judith E Lupatsch, Helen D Bailey, Brigitte Lacour, Christelle Dufour, Anne-Isabelle Bertozzi, Pierre Leblond, Cécile Faure-Conter, Isabelle Pellier, Claire Freycon, François Doz, Stéphanie Puget, Stéphane Ducassou, Laurent Orsi, Jacqueline Clavel
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated whether early infections and factors potentially related to early immune stimulation might be involved in the aetiology of childhood brain tumours (CBT). In this study, we investigated the associations between CBT with early day-care attendance, history of early common infections, atopic conditions (asthma/wheezing, eczema, allergic rhinitis), early farm residence/visits and contact with animals. METHODS: We pooled data from two nationwide French case-control studies, the ESCALE and ESTELLE studies...
November 10, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121381/nasal-smear-eosinophils-and-allergic-rhinitis
#14
Indranil Pal, Anindita Sinha Babu, Indranil Halder, Saumitra Kumar
Our aim was to find out the association between nasal smear eosinophil count and allergic rhinitis (AR) and to determine a cutoff value that is significant for a diagnosis of AR. We also wanted to determine whether this count is related to the predominant symptoms, duration, or type and severity of AR, or to the presence of coexisting asthma. We selected 100 patients with a clinical diagnosis of allergic rhinitis across all age groups and an equal number of age- and sex-matched controls for the study. Their nasal smear eosinophil counts were recorded in terms of the number of eosinophils per high-power field (HPF)...
October 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119955/-the-effectiveness-of-combined-laser-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-the-patients-presenting-with-bronchial-asthma-and-concomitant-allergic-rhinitis
#15
M M Yusupalieva, V M Savtchenko
A total of 137 patients suffering from bronchial asthma (BA) and concomitant allergic rhinitis (AR) were available for the examination at the stage of the rehabilitative treatment under conditions of the southern coast of the Crimea. All the patients were divided into three groups. The patients of group 1 underwent the standard complex of spa and health resort-based climatic therapy procedures (SCT), for those comprising group 2 SCT was supplemented by non-invasive magnetic laser therapy (NMLT) while patients included in group 3 received SCT and the combination of NMLT with endonasal laser radiation (ENLR)...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116046/radon-enriched-hot-spring-water-therapy-for-upper-and-lower-respiratory-tract-inflammation
#16
Desiderio Passali, Giacomo Gabelli, Giulio Cesare Passali, Ralph Mösges, Luisa Maria Bellussi
Background Radon-222-enriched hot spring therapy, which is characterized by a safe level of radioactivity, is used for the treatment of rheumatic disorders, and its efficacy has already been studied in several clinical trials. Radon-water inhalation therapy for the treatment of upper and lower airway inflammatory diseases is used in many hot springs centers. However, its application has not been reviewed to date. Methods We systematically searched the PubMed and Scopus databases for clinical trials published in the last 20 years in which objective parameters of upper and lower airway function had been tested before and after radon-enriched inhalation treatment...
August 31, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115430/expression-purification-and-epitope-analysis-of-pla%C3%A2-a%C3%A2-2-allergen-from-platanus-acerifolia-pollen
#17
De-Wang Wang, Wei-Wei Ni, Yan-Jun Zhou, Wen Huang, Meng-Da Cao, Ling Meng, Ji-Fu Wei
Platanus acerifolia is one of the major sources of outdoor allergens to humans, and can induce allergic asthma, rhinitis, dermatitis and other allergic diseases. Pla a 2 is a polygalacturonase and represents the major allergen identified in P. acerifolia pollen. The aim of the present study was to express and purify Pla a 2, and to predict B and T cell epitopes of Pla a 2. The gene encoding Pla a 2 was cloned into the pET28a vector and subsequently transfected into ArcticExpress™ (DE3) Escherichia coli cells; purified Pla a 2 was analyzed by western blot analysis...
October 26, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113981/acupressure-for-respiratory-allergic-diseases-a-systematic-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#18
Yaqun Liang, George Binh Lenon, Angela Wei Hong Yang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects and safety of acupressure for the management of respiratory allergic diseases by systematically reviewing randomised controlled trials (RCTs). METHODS: A total of 13 electronic English and Chinese databases were searched until July 2017. Two authors extracted data and evaluated risk of bias independently. Review Manager V.5.3 was employed for data analysis. RESULTS: The literature search identified 186 papers, of which only four of met the inclusion criteria: two for allergic rhinitis (AR) and two for asthma...
November 7, 2017: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113525/biological-mechanisms-underlying-the-clinical-effects-of-allergen-specific-immunotherapy-in-asthmatic-children
#19
Corrado Pelaia, Alessandro Vatrella, Nicola Lombardo, Rosa Terracciano, Paolo Navalesi, Rocco Savino, Girolamo Pelaia
Allergen-specific immunotherapy (AIT) is indicated for patients with allergic asthma and/or allergic rhinitis, and can be implemented by either subcutaneous injection (SCIT) or sublingual administration (SLIT). AIT reduces asthma symptoms, lowers the use of pharmacologic controller therapy, and decreases the need for rescue medications. SLIT appears to be safer than SCIT, but SCIT seems to be more efficacious and acts earlier in allergic asthmatic children. Areas covered: This review looks at the pathobiology of allergic asthma as well as the role of regulatory T and B cells in allergen tolerance...
November 8, 2017: Expert Opinion on Biological Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108757/prevalence-and-features-of-asthma-in-young-adults-in-urban-areas-of-argentina
#20
Sergio J Arias, Hugo Neffen, Juan Carlos Bossio, Carina A Calabrese, Alejandro J Videla, Gustavo A Armando, Joseph M Antó
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the burden of asthma in a young adult population in urban areas of Argentina. DESIGN: A nationwide telephone survey in subjects aged 20-44 years was performed in urban areas in Argentina. The European Community Respiratory Health Survey questionnaire was used. Asthma was defined as an exacerbation in the last year or use of asthma medications. RESULTS: In total, 1,521 subjects responded (62.4% females, mean age 33 years), of whom 91 were classified as asthmatics (5...
November 3, 2017: Archivos de Bronconeumología
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