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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539007/videolaryngoscopy-versus-direct-laryngoscopy-for-tracheal-intubation-in-children-excluding-neonates
#1
REVIEW
Ibtihal S Abdelgadir, Robert S Phillips, Davinder Singh, Michael P Moncreiff, Joanne L Lumsden
BACKGROUND: Direct laryngoscopy is the method currently used for tracheal intubation in children. It occasionally offers unexpectedly poor laryngeal views. Indirect laryngoscopy involves visualizing the vocal cords by means other than obtaining a direct sight, with the potential to improve outcomes. We reviewed the current available literature and performed a meta-analysis to compare direct versus indirect laryngoscopy, or videolaryngoscopy, with regards to efficacy and adverse effects...
May 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538922/the-national-policy-for-comprehensive-health-of-lesbians-gays-bisexuals-and-transgender-lgbt-and-access-to-the-sex-reassignment-process-in-the-brazilian-unified-health-system-sus-progress-and-challenges
#2
Gianna Schreiber Popadiuk, Daniel Canavese Oliveira, Marcos Claudio Signorelli
This study aimed to analyze how the Brazilian Ministry of Health (MS) is implementing the Sex Reassignment Process (SRP) in the Unified Health System (SUS), through research of public domain official documents, systematization of surgery's quantitative data and analysis of meeting reports of the LGBT Health Technical Committee (CTSLGBT) of the MS. We conducted exploratory research combining quantitative and qualitative methods, using as methodological basis the normative proposal of health programs and systems evaluation study...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538869/potential-mechanisms-linking-probiotics-to-diabetes-a-narrative-review-of-the-literature
#3
Maryam Miraghajani, Somayeh Shahraki Dehsoukhteh, Nahid Rafie, Sahar Golpour Hamedani, Sima Sabihi, Reza Ghiasvand
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Some studies have suggested a wide range of possible mechanisms through which probiotics may play a role in diabetes prevention and treatment. However, the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. We conducted this study to review the potential mechanisms suggested for the effect of probiotics in diabetes. DESIGN AND SETTING: Narrative review conducted at the Food Security Research Center of Isfahan. METHODS: A search in the electronic databases MEDLINE (PubMed), Cochrane Library, Web of Science and Google scholar was performed up to October 2016...
March 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538828/families-perception-of-children-adolescents-with-language-impairment-through-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-icf-cy
#4
Daniele Theodoro Ostroschi, Maria de Lurdes Zanolli, Regina Yu Shon Chun
Purpose: To investigate the perception of family members regarding linguistic conditions and social participation of children and adolescents with speech and language impairments using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health - Children and Youth Version (ICF-CY). Methods: Quali-quantitative approach research, in which a survey of medical records of 24 children/adolescents undergoing speech-language therapy and interviews with their family members was conducted...
May 22, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538820/communication-resources-of-managers-and-business-professionals
#5
Clarissa Araujo Pedrotti, Mara Behlau
Purpose: To analyze the communication resources reported by managers in the business environment and compare the resources used to those reported by business professionals. Methods: 82 professionals volunteered to participate in the research, divided into 50 managers (MP) and 32 business professionals (BP) from industry section in Caxias do Sul and the surrounding region (Brazil). A questionnaire with 4 topics was used: personal data, self-assessment of communicative behavior, self-assessment of communicative resources, and selection of positive and negative resources influencing communication...
May 22, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538769/participatory-methodologies-in-research-with-children-creative-and-innovative-approaches
#6
Viviane Ribeiro Pereira, Valéria Cristina Christello Coimbra, Clarissa de Souza Cardoso, Naiana Alves Oliveira, Ana Cláudia Garcia Vieira, Márcia de Oliveira Nobre, Magda Eliete Lamas Nino
Objective: To describe the use of participatory methodologies in research with children. Methods: Experience report with a qualitative approach, conducted with children between six and eleven years of age, from a municipal school in Pelotas and in the Psychosocial Children and Youth Care Center, in São Lourenço do Sul, both municipalities of the Rio Grande do Sul State. Data collection was based on records made in field and observation diaries, held from April to July 2016...
May 18, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538746/medical-management-of-hidradenitis-suppurativa
#7
Lauren Av Orenstein, Robert G Micheletti
Hidradenitis suppurativa is a chronic inflammatory disease of the folliculo-infundibular unit for which no individual treatment is uniformly effective. A wide array of therapies has been reported successful in the treatment of hidradenitis, although few high-quality clinical trials have been conducted. Comparing the effectiveness of different therapies has proven challenging due to heterogeneity and limited validation of outcome measures. We performed a systematic review of clinical trials of medical treatments for hidradenitis, yielding 8 articles reporting on 9 trials of antibiotic, hormonal, and biologic therapies...
June 2017: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538728/the-sunflower-genome-provides-insights-into-oil-metabolism-flowering-and-asterid-evolution
#8
Hélène Badouin, Jérôme Gouzy, Christopher J Grassa, Florent Murat, S Evan Staton, Ludovic Cottret, Christine Lelandais-Brière, Gregory L Owens, Sébastien Carrère, Baptiste Mayjonade, Ludovic Legrand, Navdeep Gill, Nolan C Kane, John E Bowers, Sariel Hubner, Arnaud Bellec, Aurélie Bérard, Hélène Bergès, Nicolas Blanchet, Marie-Claude Boniface, Dominique Brunel, Olivier Catrice, Nadia Chaidir, Clotilde Claudel, Cécile Donnadieu, Thomas Faraut, Ghislain Fievet, Nicolas Helmstetter, Matthew King, Steven J Knapp, Zhao Lai, Marie-Christine Le Paslier, Yannick Lippi, Lolita Lorenzon, Jennifer R Mandel, Gwenola Marage, Gwenaëlle Marchand, Elodie Marquand, Emmanuelle Bret-Mestries, Evan Morien, Savithri Nambeesan, Thuy Nguyen, Prune Pegot-Espagnet, Nicolas Pouilly, Frances Raftis, Erika Sallet, Thomas Schiex, Justine Thomas, Céline Vandecasteele, Didier Varès, Felicity Vear, Sonia Vautrin, Martin Crespi, Brigitte Mangin, John M Burke, Jérôme Salse, Stéphane Muños, Patrick Vincourt, Loren H Rieseberg, Nicolas B Langlade
The domesticated sunflower, Helianthus annuus L., is a global oil crop that has promise for climate change adaptation, because it can maintain stable yields across a wide variety of environmental conditions, including drought. Even greater resilience is achievable through the mining of resistance alleles from compatible wild sunflower relatives, including numerous extremophile species. Here we report a high-quality reference for the sunflower genome (3.6 gigabases), together with extensive transcriptomic data from vegetative and floral organs...
May 22, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538628/the-east-s-injury-control-and-violence-prevention-committee-s-annual-distracted-driving-outreach-event-evaluating-attitude-and-behavior-change-in-high-school-students
#9
Lisa Allee, Tracey Dechert, Sowmya R Rao, Marie Crandall, Ashley Christmas, Alexander Eastman, Thomas Duncan, Shannon Foster
BACKGROUND: The National Center for Statistics and Analysis report at least 8 deaths and 1,160 daily injuries due to distracted driving (DD) in the U.S. Drivers under age 20 are most likely to incur a distraction related fatal crash. We aimed to determine short and long term impact of a multi-modal educational program including student developed interventions, simulated driving experiences, and presentations by law enforcement and medical personnel. METHODS: A single day program aimed at teen DD prevention was conducted at a high school targeting students age 15 to 19 years old...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538397/quality-of-reporting-of-multivariable-logistic-regression-models-in-chinese-clinical-medical-journals
#10
Ying-Ying Zhang, Xiao-Bin Zhou, Qiu-Zhen Wang, Xiao-Yan Zhu
Multivariable logistic regression (MLR) has been increasingly used in Chinese clinical medical research during the past few years. However, few evaluations of the quality of the reporting strategies in these studies are available.To evaluate the reporting quality and model accuracy of MLR used in published work, and related advice for authors, readers, reviewers, and editors.A total of 316 articles published in 5 leading Chinese clinical medical journals with high impact factor from January 2010 to July 2015 were selected for evaluation...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538310/enhancing-digital-video-analysis-of-bar-kinematics-in-weightlifting-a-case-study
#11
Torstein E Dæhlin, Tron Krosshaug, Loren Z F Chiu
Dæhlin, TE, Krosshaug, T, and Chiu, LZF. Enhancing digital video analysis of bar kinematics in weightlifting: a case study. J Strength Cond Res 31(6): 1592-1600, 2017-Weightlifting technique can be objectively assessed from two-dimensional video recordings. Despite its importance, participants' bar trajectories in research involving the snatch or clean exercises are often not reported, potentially due to the time required to digitize video. The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the use of a light-emitting diode (LED)-based marker, digital video, and open-source software to automatically track the bar end during weightlifting exercises...
June 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538186/an-engineered-virus-library-as-a-resource-for-the-spectrum-wide-exploration-of-virus-and-vector-diversity
#12
Wenli Zhang, Jun Fu, Jing Liu, Hailong Wang, Maren Schiwon, Sebastian Janz, Lukas Schaffarczyk, Lukas von der Goltz, Eric Ehrke-Schulz, Johannes Dörner, Manish Solanki, Philip Boehme, Thorsten Bergmann, Andre Lieber, Chris Lauber, Andreas Dahl, Andreas Petzold, Youming Zhang, A Francis Stewart, Anja Ehrhardt
Adenoviruses (Ads) are large human-pathogenic double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) viruses presenting an enormous natural diversity associated with a broad variety of diseases. However, only a small fraction of adenoviruses has been explored in basic virology and biomedical research, highlighting the need to develop robust and adaptable methodologies and resources. We developed a method for high-throughput direct cloning and engineering of adenoviral genomes from different sources utilizing advanced linear-linear homologous recombination (LLHR) and linear-circular homologous recombination (LCHR)...
May 23, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538138/factors-leading-to-overutilisation-of-hospital-pathology-testing-the-junior-doctor
#13
William Ericksson, Janine Bothe, Heidi Cheung, Kate Zhang, Simone Kelly
Objective Pathology overutilisation is a significant issue affecting the quality and cost of health care. Because junior medical officers (JMOs) order most pathology tests in the hospital setting, the aim of the present study was to identify the main reasons for hospital pathology overutilisation from the perspective of the JMO.Methods A qualitative method, using focus group methodology, was undertaken. Sixteen JMOs from two hospitals participated in three focus groups. Data were analysed using thematic analysis...
May 25, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538107/local-anesthetics-systemic-toxicity-association-with-exparel-bupivacaine-liposome-a-pharmacovigilance-evaluation
#14
Nitish Aggarwal
BACKGROUND: Local Anesthetic Systemic Toxicity (LAST) is a rare life threatening complication usually from intra-arterial or intravenous injection leading to systemic absorption of regional anesthesia drug. The objective of this research was to statistically quantify the association between Exparel (bupivacaine liposome) injectable suspension and LAST. METHODS: Adverse Event Reporting System database of FDA, which houses public and industry submitted adverse event case reports, was queried and analyzed to quantify the passive pharmacovigilance signal for Local Anesthetic Systemic Toxicity as associated with use of bupivacaine Liposome...
May 24, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538045/donor-derived-infections-in-solid-organ-transplant-patients-toward-a-holistic-approach
#15
Esther Benamu, Cameron R Wolfe, Jose G Montoya
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Solid organ demand far exceeds organ supply. Strategies to increase the donor pool include the liberalization of selection criteria without increasing the risk of unexpected donor-derived infection (DDI), a rare complication of transplantation carrying high morbidity and mortality. We review the challenging aspects in the prevention of DDI, focusing on the complexities of data sharing and efficient communication and the role infectious diseases specialists play in the process...
May 19, 2017: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538021/global-surgery-current-evidence-for-improving-surgical-care
#16
Jennifer C Fuller, David A Shaye
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The field of global surgery is undergoing rapid transformation, owing to several recent prominent reports positioning it as a cost-effective means of relieving global disease burden. The purpose of this article is to review the recent advances in the field of global surgery. RECENT FINDINGS: Efforts to grow the global surgical workforce and procedural capacity have focused on innovative methods to increase surgeon training, enhance international collaboration, leverage technology, optimize existing health systems, and safely implement task-sharing...
May 19, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537954/a-meta-synthesis-of-qualitative-studies-exploring-men-s-sense-of-masculinity-post-prostate-cancer-treatment
#17
Obrey Alexis, Aaron James Worsley
BACKGROUND: There has been little psychosocial research concerning men's adaption to prostate cancer and treatment-related sexual dysfunction. Qualitative studies have explored men's sense of self after treatment, but the data have yet to be synthesized. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to report a meta-synthesis of qualitative studies exploring men's sense of masculinity after treatment of prostate cancer. METHODS: Six databases were searched to identify relevant studies conducted and published between January 1990 and August 2016...
May 23, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537934/alternative-treatments-for-chronic-spontaneous-urticaria-beyond-the-guideline-algorithm
#18
Gino A Vena, Marcus Maurer, Nicoletta Cassano, Torsten Zuberbier
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The international EAACI/GALEN/EDF/WAO guideline suggests a stepwise approach for the therapeutic management of chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU), outlined in an algorithm. The aim of this article is to summarize and review the evidence available on alternative treatment options for CSU outside of this algorithm. RECENT FINDINGS: Although CSU is a common disease, there are a limited number of high-quality studies, and only antihistamines and omalizumab are licensed for its treatment...
May 22, 2017: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537882/correlation-between-apparent-diffusion-coefficient-adc-and-cellularity-is-different-in-several-tumors-a-meta-analysis
#19
Alexey Surov, Hans Jonas Meyer, Andreas Wienke
The purpose of this meta-analysis was to provide clinical evidence regarding relationship between ADC and cellularity in different tumors based on large patient data.Medline library was screened for associations between ADC and cell count in different tumors up to September 2016. Only publications in English were extracted. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement (PRISMA) was used for the research.Overall, 39 publications with 1530 patients were included into the analysis...
May 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537758/validation-of-the-empathy-quotient-in-mainland-china
#20
Qing Zhao, David L Neumann, Xiaoyan Cao, Simon Baron-Cohen, Xiang Sun, Yuan Cao, Chao Yan, Yuna Wang, Lin Shao, David H K Shum
This research aimed to validate a simplified Chinese version of the Empathy Quotient (EQ; 60 items) for use with Mainland Chinese people. The original English version of the EQ was translated into simplified Chinese. Through an online survey, 588 Mainland Chinese participants completed the EQ and 3 other questionnaires: the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI), the Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ), and the 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20). Thirty-five participants completed retesting of the EQ 3 to 4 weeks later...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
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