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Operative vaginal delivery

P Rozenberg
Macrosomic fetuses are at increased risk of obstetric complications, and notably shoulder dystocia, responsible for a severe neonatal morbidity. In case of fetal macrosomia, three options are: (i) the elective cesarean delivery, but this is recommended only when the estimated fetal weight is≥4500g for diabetic women and 5000g for non-diabetic women; (ii) the expectative management, but children with birth weight≥4500 had significantly increased risk of perinatal mortality, neonatal asphyxia, trauma, and cesarean delivery; (iii) the induction of labor which, reducing the possibility of fetal growth, reduce the risk of cesarean delivery for cephalopelvic disproportion and shoulder dystocia...
October 19, 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
T Mu, Y Wang, G L Liu, J L Wang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the seven existing vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) screening tools and to identify additional factors that may predict VBAC or failed trial of labor in China. METHODS: In the study, 53 patients with 1 previous cesarean delivery who then delivered between January 1, 2007 and Novenber 31, 2014 were recruited. The average age of the patients was (32.1±3.5) years,the average gestational age was (38.0±2.3) weeks. There was no significant difference of the successful group and the failed group in the maternal/neonatal mortality and morbidity, also in the incidence of the postpartum hemorrhage and the postpartum infection...
October 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Fu-Nan Cho, San-Nung Chen, Yu-Hsiang Chang, James R Carey
OBJECTIVE: Placental site trophoblastic tumor (PSTT) is rare and is characterized by a slow growth. The objective of this report is to present a case of PSTT associated with irregular vaginal spotting that occurred 1 year after normal vaginal delivery. CASE REPORT: This report provides interesting ultrasound, hysteroscopy, and histology findings of PSTT. It is difficult to make a clinical diagnosis of PSTT at an early stage. Without the use of immunohistochemical analysis, PSTT may evade histological detection...
October 2016: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Rebecca Anna Leslie, Stephen Michael Kinsella, Jeremy Astin, Jennifer Patricia Tuckey
We performed a prospective observational audit to evaluate the application of the Lucas caesarean section urgency classification to assisted vaginal delivery in the operating theatre. We collected data from 400 women having category 1-3 delivery in the operating theatre. Twenty percent of the caesarean sections and 4% of the vaginal deliveries were category 1. The median (IQR) decision-delivery interval was 25 (19.5-37) min for category 1 caesarean section and 19.5 (15-29) min for category 1 vaginal delivery, and 43...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Patricia A Janssen, Jozette J C Stienen, Rollin Brant, Gillian E Hanley
BACKGROUND: To determine if maternal characteristics measurable upon admission to hospital predict cesarean among low-risk spontaneously laboring nulliparous women. METHODS: We undertook a secondary analysis of data from a clinical trial of early labor support for nulliparous women carrying a singleton fetus in cephalic presentation at 37-41 weeks of gestation in British Columbia, Canada. Study participants did not have any discernible risk factors for cesarean at the onset of labor...
October 17, 2016: Birth
Eric Leblanc, Fabrice Narducci, Lucie Bresson, Delphine Hudry
OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility of an oncologically acceptable management for an intermediate-risk endometrial cancer (EC) in an elderly, using the combination of transvaginal single-port laparoscopy and sentinel node policy. METHODS: For this 85-years old patient, BMI 32kg/m(2), with IB grade 2 endometrioid EC, a single vaginal approach was attempted [1] to perform a total hysterectomy, bilateral salpinago-oophorectomy and pelvic node assessment guided by SND [2]...
October 13, 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
M Eslier, M Lemonnier, M Koné, S Roumieux, M Dreyfus
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to compare the mode of delivery after a caesarean performed before 28 weeks of gestation compared to a control group of patients who had a caesarean at term. Our secondary objective was to compare the risk of uterine rupture in these both groups. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective case-control was realised in a level III maternal center between the 1st of January 2001 and the 31th of December 2010. All patients who underwent caesarean section between 22 and 28 weeks of gestation were included, regardless of the indication of caesarean section, their gender and type of pregnancy (single or multiple)...
October 13, 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
Lynn M Yee, Grecio Sandoval, Jennifer Bailit, Uma M Reddy, Ronald J Wapner, Michael W Varner, Steve N Caritis, Mona Prasad, Alan T N Tita, George Saade, Yoram Sorokin, Dwight J Rouse, Sean C Blackwell, Jorge E Tolosa
OBJECTIVE: To describe factors associated with delayed pushing and evaluate the relationship between delayed pushing and perinatal outcomes in nulliparous women with singleton term gestations. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Assessment of Perinatal Excellence cohort of 115,502 women and their neonates born in 25 U.S. hospitals from 2008 to 2011. Nulliparous women with singleton, cephalic, nonanomalous term births who achieved 10-cm cervical dilation were included...
October 6, 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
R S Monteiro, D P Dob, M R Cauldwell, M A Gatzoulis
Women with a single ventricle circulation palliated with the Fontan operation require specialist multidisciplinary management. We report 14 such cases with successful pregnancies and detail the pathophysiology encountered. A combined obstetric and cardiac service between Chelsea and Westminster Hospital and Royal Brompton Hospital provides care for women with heart disease, and maintains a prospective database of referred women. We searched this database for women with a known Fontan circulation and reviewed the case notes and electronic patient records between January 1994 and December 2015...
September 7, 2016: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
A Kacvinska, M Drab, A Totka, K Holoman, M Gabor
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of labor induction using prostaglandin, gestation period and delivery type on the cause and extent of birth-canal injuries. METHODS: A retrospective study based on the records of II. GPK UNB Ružinov. The total set (n = 1377) consisted of patients who went into labor in second half of the year 2014 at this clinic. The research used categorical data divided into groups of factors (induction, week of delivery, type of delivery) and birth injuries...
2016: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
Sarah Rae Easter, Roxane Gardner, Jon Barrett, Julian N Robinson, Daniela Carusi
OBJECTIVE: To describe a simulation-based curriculum on twin vaginal delivery and evaluate its effects on trainee knowledge and comfort about twin vaginal birth. METHODS: Trainees participated in a three-part simulation consisting of a patient counseling session, a twin delivery scenario, and a breech extraction skills station. Consenting trainees completed a 21-item presimulation survey and a 22-item postsimulation survey assessing knowledge, experience, attitudes, and comfort surrounding twin vaginal birth...
October 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Nitin Joseph, Chidambara Krishnan, B Ashish Reddy, Nurul Afiqah Adnan, Low Mei Han, Yeoh Jing Min
BACKGROUND: Uterine prolapse is a common problem among women in developing countries. It is known to cause physical and psychosocial problems affecting the quality of life of patients. This study was done to determine the risk factors, clinical features, and management practices in uterine prolapse (UP). METHODS: A review of 350 case records of UP cases admitted between 2009 and 2014 was done in tertiary care hospitals. RESULTS: Mean age at presentation of UP was 52...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Patricia Bellows, Utsavi Shah, Lauren Hawley, Kathleen Drexler, Manisha Gandhi, Haleh Sangi-Haghpeykar, Christina Davidson
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate maternal-neonatal morbidity for women undergoing trial of labor after cesarean (TOLAC) following clinical practice changes based upon ACOG's 2010 VBAC guideline. STUDY DESIGN: Four-year retrospective cohort analysis around implementation of a hospital guideline in women undergoing TOLAC with a live, cephalic, singleton without lethal anomaly ≥24 weeks and ≥1 prior cesarean. Maternal-neonatal outcomes pre- and post-guideline implementation were compared...
October 16, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
P Zelli, B Boussat, A Wetzel, C Ronin, J-C Pons, F Sergent
OBJECTIVES: To characterize the indications of primary cesarean sections and discuss the various possibilities to reduce them. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective study, carried out over a period of 1 year in a university hospital having a level 3 perinatal activity, including the 499 primary cesarean sections of 2013. Two groups were defined by parity: nulliparous patients (group 1) and multiparous patients who had never previously been delivered by cesarean section (group 2)...
September 1, 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
Louis Ayzac, Emmanuelle Caillat-Vallet, Raphaële Girard, Michel Berland
"RESEAU MATER" is useful to monitor nosocomial infections in maternity and contributes to the decreasing trend of it, since its implementation. Specifically, this network demonstrates its efficiency in the control of endometritis following vaginal deliveries, but not in the control of urinary tract infections. The aim of this study is to determine whether the difference between the control of endometritis and of urinary tract infection could be explained by an unsuitable regression model or by an unsuitable care policy concerning urinary cares...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Giulia M Muraca, Yasser Sabr, Rollin Brant, Geoffrey W Cundiff, K S Joseph
OBJECTIVE: To describe temporal and regional variations in Canada in the use of operative vaginal delivery (OVD) at term for singleton pregnancies by pelvic station between 2004 and 2013. METHODS: Rates of OVD among term singleton pregnancies in Canada (excluding Quebec) were estimated using information from the Discharge Abstract Database of the Canadian Institute for Health Information for the years 2004-2012 (n = 2 284 109). Deliveries were stratified by pelvic station...
July 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Fu-Shiang Peng, Hsien-Ming Lin, Ho-Hsiung Lin, Fung-Chao Tu, Chin-Fen Hsiao, Sheng-Mou Hsiao
OBJECTIVE: Many countries have noted a substantial increase in the cesarean section rate (CSR). Several methods for lowering the CSR have been described. Understanding the impact of clinical audits on the CSR may aid in lowering CSR. Thus, our aim is to elucidate the effect of clinical audits on the CSR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 3781 pregnant women who gave birth in a medical center between January 2008 and January 2011. Pregnant women who delivered between January 2008 and July 2009 were enrolled as the pre-audit group (n = 1592)...
August 2016: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
P Tsikouras, Z Koukouli, B Manav, M Soilemetzidis, A Liberis, R Csorba, G Trypsianis, G Galazios
INTRODUCTION: We undertook a prospective cohort study to compare the effectiveness and safety of 50 µg misoprostol versus 3 mg dinoprostone in two vaginal doses 6 hours apart, followed if necessary by oxytocin for labor induction in low-risk post-term (> 40 weeks) pregnancies with unfavorable cervix (Bishop score ≤ 6). METHODS: Labor induction and subsequent management were conducted using a standardized protocol. The primary outcome of the study was labor induction rate...
July 2016: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
Hernâni Gonçalves, Mariana Morais, Paula Pinto, Diogo Ayres-de-Campos, João Bernardes
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore whether linear and non-linear analysis of uterine contraction (UC) signals obtained with external tocodynamometry can predict operative vaginal delivery (OVD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The last 2 h before delivery (H1 and H2) of 55 UC recordings acquired with external tocodynamometry in the labour ward of a tertiary care hospital were analysed. Signal processing involved the quantification of UCs/segment (UCN), and the linear and non-linear indices: Sample Entropy (SampEn) measuring signal irregularity; interval index (II) measuring signal variability, both of which may be associated with uterine muscle fatigue, and high frequency (HF), associated with maternal breathing movements...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 25, 2016: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
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