keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Guided imagery

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772295/cognitive-defusion-and-guided-imagery-tasks-reduce-naturalistic-food-cravings-and-consumption-a-field-study
#1
Sophie Schumacher, Eva Kemps, Marika Tiggemann
The present study investigated the effect of two craving reduction techniques, namely, cognitive defusion and guided imagery, on naturalistic food cravings. These techniques targeted the intrusion and elaboration stages of the craving process, respectively (Kavanagh, Andrade, & May, 2005). Participants underwent a seven-day baseline period followed by a seven-day intervention period, during which they recorded their food cravings as they occurred using online diaries accessed via smartphone. In the intervention period, participants were randomly assigned to one of cognitive defusion, guided imagery or control conditions...
May 14, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744772/a-systematic-review-of-the-effectiveness-of-psychological-treatments-for-ibs-in-gastroenterology-settings-promising-but-in-need-of-further-study
#2
REVIEW
Elyse R Thakur, Jordan Shapiro, Johanna Chan, Mark A Lumley, Jeffrey A Cully, Andrea Bradford, Hashem B El-Serag
BACKGROUND: Psychological treatments are efficacious for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in clinical trials; however, their effectiveness when conducted in gastroenterology practice settings is unclear. AIM: To perform a systematic review of the types and effects of psychological treatments for IBS conducted in gastroenterology clinics. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane central register. Studies conducted in gastroenterology clinic settings with IBS patients who were clinically referred from gastroenterology were included...
May 10, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740302/improved-volitional-recall-of-motor-imagery-related-brain-activation-patterns-using-real-time-functional-mri-based-neurofeedback
#3
Epifanio Bagarinao, Akihiro Yoshida, Mika Ueno, Kazunori Terabe, Shohei Kato, Haruo Isoda, Toshiharu Nakai
Motor imagery (MI), a covert cognitive process where an action is mentally simulated but not actually performed, could be used as an effective neurorehabilitation tool for motor function improvement or recovery. Recent approaches employing brain-computer/brain-machine interfaces to provide online feedback of the MI during rehabilitation training have promising rehabilitation outcomes. In this study, we examined whether participants could volitionally recall MI-related brain activation patterns when guided using neurofeedback (NF) during training...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726416/use-of-mobile-apps-among-medical-and-nursing-students-in-iran
#4
Abbas Sheikhtaheri, Farzaneh Kermani
Mobile technologies have a positive impact on patient care and cause to improved decision making, reduced medical errors and improved communication in care team. The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of mobile technologies by medical and nursing students and their tendency in future. This study was conducted among 372 medical and nursing students of Tehran University of Medical Science. Respectively, 60.8% and 62.4% of medical and nursing students use smartphone. The most commonly used apps among medical students were medical dictionary, drug apps, medical calculators and anatomical atlases and among nursing students were medical dictionary, anatomical atlases and nursing care guides...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716903/effects-of-an-integrative-nursing-intervention-on-pain-in-critically-ill-patients-a-pilot-clinical-trial
#5
Elizabeth D E Papathanassoglou, Maria Hadjibalassi, Panagiota Miltiadous, Ekaterini Lambrinou, Evridiki Papastavrou, Lefkios Paikousis, Theodoros Kyprianou
BACKGROUND: Pain, a persistent problem in critically ill patients, adversely affects outcomes. Despite recommendations, no evidence-based nonpharmacological approaches for pain treatment in critically ill patients have been developed. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of a multimodal integrative intervention on the incidence of pain and on secondary outcomes: intensity of pain, hemodynamic indices (systolic and mean arterial pressure, heart rate), anxiety, fear, relaxation, optimism, and sleep quality...
May 2018: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702136/brain-changes-after-spinal-cord-injury-a-quantitative-meta-analysis-and-review
#6
REVIEW
Linda Solstrand Dahlberg, Lino Becerra, David Borsook, Clas Linnman
Spinal Cord Injuries (SCI) lead to alterations in brain structure and brain function by direct effects of nerve damage, by secondary mechanisms, and also by longer term injury consequences such as paralysis and neuropathic pain. Here, we review neuroimaging studies of patients with traumatic spinal cord injuries, perform a quantitative meta-analysis of motor and motor imagery studies, summarize structural studies, evidence of cortical reorganization, and provide an overview of diffusion and spectroscopy studies...
April 24, 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689307/sensory-threshold-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-fosters-motor-imagery-performance
#7
Tiffany Corbet, Iñaki Iturrate, Michael Pereira, Serafeim Perdikis, José Del R Millán
Motor imagery (MI) has been largely studied as a way to enhance motor learning and to restore motor functions. Although it is agreed that users should emphasize kinesthetic imagery during MI, recordings of MI brain patterns are not sufficiently reliable for many subjects. It has been suggested that the usage of somatosensory feedback would be more suitable than standardly used visual feedback to enhance MI brain patterns. However, somatosensory feed-back should not interfere with the recorded MI brain pattern...
April 21, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677690/investigating-the-effects-of-visual-distractors-on-the-performance-of-a-motor-imagery-brain-computer-interface
#8
Zahra Emami, Tom Chau
OBJECTIVES: Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) allow users to operate a device or application by means of cognitive activity. This technology will ultimately be used in real-world environments which include the presence of distractors. The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of visual distractors on BCI performance. METHODS: Sixteen able-bodied participants underwent neurofeedback training to achieve motor imagery-guided BCI control in an online paradigm using electroencephalography (EEG) to measure neural signals...
April 3, 2018: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621693/attachment-security-priming-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Omri Gillath, Gery Karantzas
Attachment security priming has been used to shed light on the cognitive processes related to attachment internal working models as well as the cognitive substrates of people's attachment-related affect and behavior. Security primes activate a sense of attachment security by making mental representations in one's memory more accessible and salient. In the current paper, we report on a qualitative synthesis of 20 studies published in the last two years to determine the effects of security priming. We found that supraliminally administered security priming (especially via guided imagery or visualization) is associated with beneficial effects across a diverse set of domains...
March 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619392/the-effect-of-progressive-muscle-relaxation-and-guided-imagery-on-stress-anxiety-and-depression-of-pregnant-women-referred-to-health-centers
#10
Saeideh Nasiri, Hossein Akbari, Leila Tagharrobi, Akram Sadat Tabatabaee
BACKGROUND: If anxiety and depression do not detect in pregnant women, they may cause complications for the mother, child, and family, including postpartum depression. With regard to the administrative capability of relaxation in health centers, this study was conducted to determine the effect of progressive muscle relaxation and guided imagery on stress, anxiety, and depression in pregnant women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was conducted on pregnant women in the city of Kashan at 28-36 weeks...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618125/distributed-affective-space-represents-multiple-emotion-categories-across-the-human-brain
#11
Heini Saarimäki, Lara Farzaneh Ejtehadian, Enrico Glerean, Iiro P Jääskeläinen, Patrik Vuilleumier, Mikko Sams, Lauri Nummenmaa
The functional organization of human emotion systems as well as their neuroanatomical basis and segregation in the brain remains unresolved. Here we used pattern classification and hierarchical clustering to characterize the organization of a range of specific emotion categories in the human brain. We induced 14 emotions (6 "basic", e.g. fear and anger; and 8 "non-basic", e.g. shame and gratitude) and a neutral state using guided mental imagery while participants' brain activity was measured with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)...
March 28, 2018: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590161/a-rat-in-the-sewer-how-mental-imagery-interacts-with-object-recognition
#12
Harun Karimpur, Kai Hamburger
The role of mental imagery has been puzzling researchers for more than two millennia. Both positive and negative effects of mental imagery on information processing have been discussed. The aim of this work was to examine how mental imagery affects object recognition and associative learning. Based on different perceptual and cognitive accounts we tested our imagery-induced interaction hypothesis in a series of two experiments. According to that, mental imagery could lead to (1) a superior performance in object recognition and associative learning if these objects are imagery-congruent (semantically) and to (2) an inferior performance if these objects are imagery-incongruent...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579129/estimating-large-carnivore-populations-at-global-scale-based-on-spatial-predictions-of-density-and-distribution-application-to-the-jaguar-panthera-onca
#13
Włodzimierz Jędrzejewski, Hugh S Robinson, Maria Abarca, Katherine A Zeller, Grisel Velasquez, Evi A D Paemelaere, Joshua F Goldberg, Esteban Payan, Rafael Hoogesteijn, Ernesto O Boede, Krzysztof Schmidt, Margarita Lampo, Ángel L Viloria, Rafael Carreño, Nathaniel Robinson, Paul M Lukacs, J Joshua Nowak, Roberto Salom-Pérez, Franklin Castañeda, Valeria Boron, Howard Quigley
Broad scale population estimates of declining species are desired for conservation efforts. However, for many secretive species including large carnivores, such estimates are often difficult. Based on published density estimates obtained through camera trapping, presence/absence data, and globally available predictive variables derived from satellite imagery, we modelled density and occurrence of a large carnivore, the jaguar, across the species' entire range. We then combined these models in a hierarchical framework to estimate the total population...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552422/diabetes-empowerment-council-integrative-pilot-intervention-for-transitioning-young-adults-with-type-1-diabetes
#14
Marc J Weigensberg, Cheryl Vigen, Paola Sequeira, Donna Spruijt-Metz, Magaly Juarez, Daniella Florindez, Joseph Provisor, Anne Peters, Elizabeth A Pyatak
Background: The transition of young adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D) from pediatric to adult care is challenging and frequently accompanied by worsening of diabetes-related health. To date, there are no reports which prospectively assess the effects of theory-based psycho-behavioral interventions during the transition period neither on glycemic control nor on psychosocial factors that contribute to poor glycemic control. Therefore, the overall aim of this study was to develop and pilot test an integrative group intervention based on the underlying principles of self-determination theory (SDT), in young adults with T1D...
2018: Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543736/new-spectral-index-for-detecting-wheat-yellow-rust-using-sentinel-2-multispectral-imagery
#15
Qiong Zheng, Wenjiang Huang, Ximin Cui, Yue Shi, Linyi Liu
Yellow rust is one of the most destructive diseases for winter wheat and has led to a significant decrease in winter wheat quality and yield. Identifying and monitoring yellow rust is of great importance for guiding agricultural production over large areas. Compared with traditional crop disease discrimination methods, remote sensing technology has proven to be a useful tool for accomplishing such a task at large scale. This study explores the potential of the Sentinel-2 Multispectral Instrument (MSI), a newly launched satellite with refined spatial resolution and three red-edge bands, for discriminating between yellow rust infection severities (i...
March 15, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513682/single-session-tdcs-over-the-dominant-hemisphere-affects-contralateral-spectral-eeg-power-but-does-not-enhance-neurofeedback-guided-event-related-desynchronization-of-the-non-dominant-hemisphere-s-sensorimotor-rhythm
#16
Valeria Mondini, Anna Lisa Mangia, Angelo Cappello
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and neurofeedback-guided motor imagery (MI) have attracted considerable interest in neurorehabilitation, given their ability to influence neuroplasticity. As tDCS has been shown to modulate event-related desynchronization (ERD), the neural signature of motor imagery detected for neurofeedback, a combination of the techniques was recently proposed. One limitation of this approach is that the area targeted for stimulation is the same from which the signal for neurofeedback is acquired...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506956/investigating-the-effects-of-the-progressive-muscle-relaxation-guided-imagery-combination-on-patients-with-cancer-receiving-chemotherapy-treatment-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#17
August Kapogiannis, Sofia Tsoli, George Chrousos
BACKGROUND: Previous systematic reviews indicate that progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) and guided imagery (GI) are both effective interventions to decrease the psychological impact and to alleviate the adverse events in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy treatment. To date, no review studies have investigated the effectiveness of a combination of PMR and GI. AIM: To systematically review the current state of knowledge regarding the effects of the PMR-GI combination on cancer patients receiving chemotherapy...
March 2018: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501717/representations-of-race-and-skin-tone-in-medical-textbook-imagery
#18
Patricia Louie, Rima Wilkes
Although a large literature has documented racial inequities in health care delivery, there continues to be debate about the potential sources of these inequities. Preliminary research suggests that racial inequities are embedded in the curricular edification of physicians and patients. We investigate this hypothesis by considering whether the race and skin tone depicted in images in textbooks assigned at top medical schools reflects the diversity of the U.S. POPULATION: We analyzed 4146 images from Atlas of Human Anatomy, Bates' Guide to Physical Examination & History Taking, Clinically Oriented Anatomy, and Gray's Anatomy for Students by coding race (White, Black, and Person of Color) and skin tone (light, medium, and dark) at the textbook, chapter, and topic level...
April 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501361/the-use-of-comfort-kits-to-optimize-adult-cancer-pain-management
#19
REVIEW
Lisa M Blackburn, Stephanie Abel, Lori Green, Kristen Johnson, Shannon Panda
Pain is one of the most feared of all symptoms for the cancer patient. Some studies estimate that up to 90% of all cancer patients experience pain. Advances in pharmaceuticals and expert provider knowledge have improved pain management overall for the patient with cancer; however, complementary therapies can synergize medications to provide optimal pain relief while decreasing the side effect profile. Despite this, nurses may have limited access to such resources. Many therapies can be administered directly by the bedside/chairside nurse with minimal training and the nurse can then teach the patient and family how to use the selected complementary therapy after leaving the hospital or clinic...
February 28, 2018: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471832/accuracy-and-impact-of-spatial-aids-based-upon-satellite-enumeration-to-improve-indoor-residual-spraying-spatial-coverage
#20
Daniel J Bridges, Derek Pollard, Anna M Winters, Benjamin Winters, Chadwick Sikaala, Silvia Renn, David A Larsen
BACKGROUND: Indoor residual spraying (IRS) is a key tool in the fight to control, eliminate and ultimately eradicate malaria. IRS protection is based on a communal effect such that an individual's protection primarily relies on the community-level coverage of IRS with limited protection being provided by household-level coverage. To ensure a communal effect is achieved through IRS, achieving high and uniform community-level coverage should be the ultimate priority of an IRS campaign. Ensuring high community-level coverage of IRS in malaria-endemic areas is challenging given the lack of information available about both the location and number of households needing IRS in any given area...
February 23, 2018: Malaria Journal
keyword
keyword
5876
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"