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Guided imagery

Elizabeth Fiske
Despite program completion, not all graduates are successful on the National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN). Contemplative practices such as meditation and guided imagery were added to an NCLEX-RN preparatory course. The difference between self-efficacy scores at the beginning and end of the course was statistically significant. Students reported that the contemplative activities were beneficial, and they would use these activities again in the future.
October 4, 2016: Nurse Educator
Primavera A Spagnolo, Vijay A Ramchandani, Melanie L Schwandt, Laura E Kwako, David T George, Leah M Mayo, Cecilia J Hillard, Markus Heilig
BACKGROUND: A common single nucleotide polymorphism (C385A) in the human fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) gene has been associated with decreased distress responses in healthy volunteers, but its role in psychiatric disorders remains unknown. Here, we obtained genotypes and carried out a secondary analysis of subjects from a trial of comorbid posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and alcohol dependence (AD). We evaluated the effects of C385A variation on behavioral and biochemical biomarkers of distress responses...
September 26, 2016: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
Maika Rawolle, Oliver C Schultheiss, Alexandra Strasser, Hugo M Kehr
OBJECTIVE: Visionary images are identity-relevant, picture-like mental representations of a desirable and attainable future appearing regularly in a person's stream of thought. Prior research indicates that both mental and real images provide access to implicit motives. We therefore proposed that visionary images motivate people by arousing their implicit motives and tested this hypothesis in two experimental studies. METHOD: We used guided visualizations to administer motive-domain-specific visionary images (Study 1: achievement and neutral, age: M = 24...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Personality
Angela K Nooner, Kathleen Dwyer, Lise DeShea, Theresa P Yeo
BACKGROUND: Few studies have been conducted on the use of patient-controlled relaxation and guided imagery interventions for the symptom cluster of pain, fatigue, and sleep disturbance during cancer treatment. OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility, acceptability, and participant satisfaction with use of patient-controlled relaxation and/or imagery interventions for pain, fatigue, and sleep disturbance. A secondary aim was to examine the data for trends in pain, fatigue, and sleep improvement because of the effects of relaxation and guided imagery...
October 1, 2016: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
Rui Liu, Yun Chen, Jianping Wu, Lei Gao, Damian Barrett, Tingbao Xu, Xiaojuan Li, Linyi Li, Chang Huang, Jia Yu
Regional flood risk caused by intensive rainfall under extreme climate conditions has increasingly attracted global attention. Mapping and evaluation of flood hazard are vital parts in flood risk assessment. This study develops an integrated framework for estimating spatial likelihood of flood hazard by coupling weighted naïve Bayes (WNB), geographic information system, and remote sensing. The north part of Fitzroy River Basin in Queensland, Australia, was selected as a case study site. The environmental indices, including extreme rainfall, evapotranspiration, net-water index, soil water retention, elevation, slope, drainage proximity, and density, were generated from spatial data representing climate, soil, vegetation, hydrology, and topography...
September 24, 2016: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
L Michaud, K A Touijer
INTRODUCTION: Prostate cancer is the most frequent cancer in men in France and it is a public health issue. This cancer is heterogenous. There is a clinical need of an accurate non-invasive imaging method to improve diagnosis, guide the choice of therapy and evaluate its efficacy. We undertook to critically review the different molecular imaging probes, currently used or in clinical trial. METHOD: A systematic review of the literature was performed in Pubmed/Medline database by searching for articles in French or English published on PET tracer in prostate cancer in clinical application...
September 20, 2016: Progrès en Urologie
Katharina Paul, Wioleta Walentowska, Jasmina Bakic, Thibaut Dondaine, Gilles Pourtois
Goal-adaptive behavior requires the rapid detection of conflicts between actions and intentions or goals. Although many studies have focused in the past on the influence of negative affect on this cognitive control process (and more specifically, on error monitoring), little is known about the possible modulatory effects of positive affect on it. To address this question, we used a standard (positive) mood induction procedure (based on guided imagery) and asked participants to carry out a speeded go/no-go task while high-density electroencephalography was recorded concurrently...
September 17, 2016: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
Delaney McGuirt
PURPOSE: To assess alternatives to sedation and general anesthesia to prepare children for magnetic resonance (MR) imaging examinations. METHODS: Online databases were searched for articles discussing methods of preparing children for MR imaging procedures. Because of the large number of articles returned, criteria were limited to only studies that prepared patients without the use of sedation or general anesthesia. RESULTS: Twenty-four studies were deemed appropriate for inclusion in the review...
September 2016: Radiologic Technology
L Donon, S Warembourg, J-F Lapray, A Cortesse, J-F Hermieu, B Fatton, M Cayrac, X Deffieux, M Geraud, L Le Normand
INTRODUCTION: The issue addressed in this chapter of recommendations is: What is the clinical and para-clinical assessment to achieve in women with genital prolapse and for whom surgical treatment has been decided. What are the clinical elements of the examination that must be taken into account as a risk factor of failure or relapse after surgery, in order to anticipate and evaluate possible surgical difficulties, and to move towards a preferred surgical technique? MATERIAL AND METHODS: This work is based on a systematic review of the literature (PubMed, Medline, Cochrane Library, Cochrane Database of Systemactic Reviews, EMBASE) for meta-analyzes, randomized trials, registries, literature reviews, controlled studies and major not controlled studies, published on the subject...
July 2016: Progrès en Urologie
Stavroula Stavrou, Nicolas C Nicolaides, Ifigenia Papageorgiou, Pinelopi Papadopoulou, Elena Terzioglou, George P Chrousos, Christina Darviri, Evangelia Charmandari
BACKGROUND: Obesity in childhood and adolescence represents a major health problem of our century, and accounts for a significant increase in morbidity and mortality in adulthood. In addition to the increased consumption of calories and lack of exercise, accumulating evidence suggests that childhood obesity is strongly associated with prolonged and excessive activation of the stress system. AIM: The aim of our study was to assess the effectiveness of a stress-management intervention program, which included progressive muscle relaxation, diaphragmatic breathing, guided imagery and cognitive restructuring, in overweight and obese children and adolescents...
2016: Journal of Molecular Biochemistry
Youssef Benyass, Bouchaib Chafry, Kaldadak Koufagued, Belkacem Chagar
BACKGROUND: An acetabular location of osteoid osteoma is rare and represents less than 1 % of cases. The purpose of this clinical case report is to highlight the unusual location of osteoid osteoma and the technical difficulty of its removal. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 17-year-old Moroccan Arab boy who presented with pain in his right hip with lameness. The diagnosis of osteoid osteoma was made by imagery and confirmed by histological examination...
2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
(no author information available yet)
Mind-body therapies are popular and are ranked among the top 10 complementary and integrative medicine practices reportedly used by adults and children in the 2007-2012 National Health Interview Survey. A growing body of evidence supports the effectiveness and safety of mind-body therapies in pediatrics. This clinical report outlines popular mind-body therapies for children and youth and examines the best-available evidence for a variety of mind-body therapies and practices, including biofeedback, clinical hypnosis, guided imagery, meditation, and yoga...
September 2016: Pediatrics
Theresa A Flynn, Brittney A Jones, Karla K Ausderau
OBJECTIVE: We examined the effects of a guided imagery intervention on perceived stress in pregnant adolescents. METHOD: Thirty-five pregnant adolescents recruited from a local alternative education program participated in a guided imagery intervention. Participants listened to a pregnancy-specific guided imagery recording on four separate occasions during their pregnancies. Perceived stress was measured immediately before and after each session using the Perceived Stress Measure-9 (PSM-9)...
September 2016: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
G Peyraga, C Lafond, Y Pointreau, P Giraud, P Maingon
The nasal cavity and parasinusal cancer are rare (10% of tumors of the head and neck) and are mainly represented by squamous cell carcinoma of the nasal cavity or the maxillary sinus and adenocarcinoma of the ethmoid sinus (occupational disease, wood dust). The most common clinical sign is nasal obstruction, but tumors can also manifest as rhinorrhea and/or epistaxis (usually unilateral signs). A magnetic resonance imaging of the facial structure is systematic for staging before treatment. The treatment consists of a first surgery if the patient is operable with a resectable tumor...
September 2016: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
Gunther Meinlschmidt, Jong-Hwan Lee, Esther Stalujanis, Angelo Belardi, Minkyung Oh, Eun Kyung Jung, Hyun-Chul Kim, Janine Alfano, Seung-Schik Yoo, Marion Tegethoff
BACKGROUND: Using mobile communication technology as new personalized approach to treat mental disorders or to more generally improve quality of life is highly promising. Knowledge about intervention components that target key psychopathological processes in terms of transdiagnostic psychotherapy approaches is urgently needed. We explored the use of smartphone-based micro-interventions based on psychotherapeutic techniques, guided by short video-clips, to elicit mood changes. METHOD: As part of a larger neurofeedback study, all subjects-after being randomly assigned to an experimental or control neurofeedback condition-underwent daily smartphone-based micro-interventions for 13 consecutive days...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Merry L Schlegel, Jeanne L Whalen, Pilar M Williamsen
BACKGROUND: High-risk pregnancies that require lengthy hospitalization can cause anxiety and stress for pregnant women. Integrative medicine therapies may be beneficial for this population, but have not been widely studied. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate potential effects of acupuncture, guided imagery, Healing Touch, massage therapy, and reflexology on pain and anxiety of hospitalized pregnant women. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the effects of integrative medicine therapies was conducted; N = 554 individual therapies were provided to hospitalized women with high-risk pregnancies...
July 29, 2016: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
Varsha Vijay, Stuart L Pimm, Clinton N Jenkins, Sharon J Smith
Palm oil is the most widely traded vegetable oil globally, with demand projected to increase substantially in the future. Almost all oil palm grows in areas that were once tropical moist forests, some of them quite recently. The conversion to date, and future expansion, threatens biodiversity and increases greenhouse gas emissions. Today, consumer pressure is pushing companies toward deforestation-free sources of palm oil. To guide interventions aimed at reducing tropical deforestation due to oil palm, we analysed recent expansions and modelled likely future ones...
2016: PloS One
Tobyn Bell, Alison Dixon, Russell Kolts
: The concept of an 'internal supervisor' has been used in psychotherapy to describe the way in which the supervisory relationship is internalized and utilized by the supervisee. This research explores the possibility, and potential benefit, of training therapists to develop a 'compassionate internal supervisor'. A training programme was developed for trainee cognitive-behavioural therapists using adapted versions of compassion-focused therapy interventions. The training focused on guided imagery exercises and reflective practices undertaken for a 4-week period...
July 25, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
Hyungjun Im, Jeunghun Ku, Hyun Jung Kim, Youn Joo Kang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of using motor imagery (MI) in combination with a virtual reality (VR) program on healthy volunteers and stroke patients. In addition, this study investigated whether task variability within the VR-guided MI programs would influence corticomotor excitability. METHODS: The present study included 15 stroke patients and 15 healthy right-handed volunteers who were presented with four different conditions in a random order: rest, MI alone, VR-guided MI, and VR-guided MI with task variability...
June 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Lewis Mehl-Madrona, Barbara Mainguy, Julie Plummer
BACKGROUND: Opiates are no longer considered the best strategy for the long-term management of chronic pain. Yet, physicians have made many patients dependent on them, and these patients still request treatment. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies have been shown to be effective, but are not widely available and are not often covered by insurance or available to the medically underserved. METHODS: Group medical visits (GMVs) provided education about non-pharmacological methods for pain management and taught mindfulness techniques, movement, guided imagery, relaxation training, yoga, qigong, and t'ai chi...
August 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
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