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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123357/complementary-therapies-for-symptom-management-in-cancer-patients
#1
Aanchal Satija, Sushma Bhatnagar
Cancer patients are often poly-symptomatic which distressingly affects their quality of lives (QOLs). Alhough, conventional management provides adequate symptom control, yet is coupled with some limitations. Complementary therapies (CTs) have shown beneficial effects in cancer patients for symptomatic relief. The aim of this article is to provide evidence-based review of commonly used CTs for symptom management in cancer care. Hypnosis has promising evidence to be used for managing symptoms such as pain, chemotherapy-induced nausea/vomiting, distress, fatigue, and hot flashes...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066555/recruitment-of-foveal-retinotopic-cortex-during-haptic-exploration-of-shapes-and-actions-in-the-dark
#2
Simona Monaco, Jason P Gallivan, Teresa D Figley, Anthony Singhal, Jody C Culham
The role of the early visual cortex and higher-order occipito-temporal cortex has been studied extensively for visual recognition and to a lesser degree for haptic recognition and visually guided actions. Using a slow event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) experiment, we investigated: 1) whether tactile and visual exploration of objects recruit the same "visual" areas (and in the case of visual cortex, the same retinotopic zones); and 2) whether these areas show reactivation during delayed actions in the dark towards haptically explored objects (and if so, whether this reactivation might be due to imagery)...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039756/creative-arts-therapies-as-temporary-home-for-refugees-insights-from-literature-and-practice
#3
Rebekka Dieterich-Hartwell, Sabine C Koch
One of the frequently overlooked psychosocial problems of refugees is the phenomenon of homesickness. Being forced into exile and unable to return home may cause natural feelings of nostalgia but may also result in emotional, cognitive, behavioral and physical adversities. According to the literature, the creative arts therapies with their attention to preverbal language-music, imagery, dance, role play, and movement-are able to reach individuals through the senses and promote successive integration, which can lead to transformation and therapeutic change...
October 17, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039681/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-services-in-the-military-health-system
#4
Patricia M Herman, Melony E Sorbero, Ann C Sims-Columbia
OBJECTIVES: Surveys of military personnel indicate substantial use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) that possibly exceeds use in the general U.S. POPULATION: Although military treatment facilities (MTFs) are known to offer CAM, surveys do not indicate where service members receive this care. This study offers a comprehensive system-wide accounting of the types of CAM offered across the military health system (MHS), the conditions for which it is used, and its level of use...
November 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993302/user-participation-and-engagement-with-the-see-me-smoke-free-mhealth-app-prospective-feasibility-trial
#5
Chris A Schmidt, James K Romine, Melanie L Bell, Julie Armin, Judith S Gordon
BACKGROUND: The See Me Smoke-Free (SMSF) mobile health (mHealth) app was developed to help women quit smoking by targeting concerns about body weight, body image, and self-efficacy through cognitive behavioral techniques and guided imagery audio files addressing smoking, diet, and physical activity. A feasibility trial found associations between SMSF usage and positive treatment outcomes. This paper reports a detailed exploration of program use among eligible individuals consenting to study participation and completing the baseline survey (participants) and ineligible or nonconsenting app installers (nonparticipants), as well as the relationship between program use and treatment outcomes...
October 9, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981919/mind-body-therapies-in-individuals-with-dementia-an-integrative-review
#6
Joel G Anderson, Carol E Rogers, Ann Bossen, Ingelin Testad, Karen M Rose
Mind-body therapies frequently derive from Eastern philosophies and are becoming increasingly popular. These therapies, such as meditation, yoga, tai chi, qigong, biofield therapies, and guided imagery, have many reported benefits for improving symptoms and physiological measures associated with various chronic diseases. However, clinical research data concerning the effectiveness of these practices in individuals with dementia have not been evaluated using a synthesis approach. Thus, an integrative review was conducted to evaluate studies examining the efficacy of mind-body therapies as supportive care modalities for management of symptoms experienced by individuals with dementia...
November 1, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976483/part-ii-the-effects-of-aromatherapy-and-guided-imagery-for-the-symptom-management-of-anxiety-pain-and-insomnia-in-critically-ill-patients-an-integrative-review-of-current-literature
#7
Naheed Meghani, Mary Fran Tracy, Niloufar Niakosari Hadidi, Ruth Lindquist
This review is part II of a 2-part series that presents evidence on the effectiveness of aromatherapy and guided imagery for the symptom management of anxiety, pain, and insomnia in adult critically ill patients. Evidence from this review supports the use of aromatherapy for management of pain, insomnia, and anxiety in critically ill patients. Evidence also supports the use of guided imagery for managing these symptoms in critical care; however, the evidence is sparse, mixed, and weak. More studies with larger samples and stronger designs are needed to further establish efficacy of guided imagery for the management of anxiety, pain, and insomnia of critically ill patients; to accomplish this, standardized evidence-based intervention protocols to ensure comparability and to establish optimal effectiveness are needed...
November 2017: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905095/growing-canopy-on-a-college-campus-understanding-urban-forest-change-through-archival-records-and-aerial-photography
#8
Lara A Roman, Jason P Fristensky, Theodore S Eisenman, Eric J Greenfield, Robert E Lundgren, Chloe E Cerwinka, David A Hewitt, Caitlin C Welsh
Many municipalities are setting ambitious tree canopy cover goals to increase the extent of their urban forests. A historical perspective on urban forest development can help cities strategize how to establish and achieve appropriate tree cover targets. To understand how long-term urban forest change occurs, we examined the history of trees on an urban college campus: the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, PA. Using a mixed methods approach, including qualitative assessments of archival records (1870-2017), complemented by quantitative analysis of tree cover from aerial imagery (1970-2012), our analysis revealed drastic canopy cover increase in the late 20th and early 21st centuries along with the principle mechanisms of that change...
December 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888152/altered-functional-connectivity-to-stressful-stimuli-in-prenatally-cocaine-exposed-adolescents
#9
Yasmin Zakiniaeiz, Sarah W Yip, Iris M Balodis, Cheryl M Lacadie, Dustin Scheinost, R Todd Constable, Linda C Mayes, Rajita Sinha, Marc N Potenza
BACKGROUND: Prenatal cocaine exposure (PCE) is linked to addiction and obesity vulnerability. Neural responses to stressful and appetitive cues in adolescents with PCE versus those without have been differentially linked to substance-use initiation. However, no prior studies have assessed cue-reactivity responses among PCE adolescents using a connectivity-based approach. METHODS: Twenty-two PCE and 22 non-prenatally drug-exposed (NDE) age-, sex-, IQ- and BMI-matched adolescents participated in individualized guided imagery with appetitive (favorite-food), stressful and neutral-relaxing cue scripts during functional magnetic resonance imaging...
November 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884342/pre-operative-guided-imagery-in-female-pelvic-medicine-and-reconstructive-surgery-a-randomized-trial
#10
Elizabeth J Billquist, Aaron Michelfelder, Cynthia Brincat, Linda Brubaker, Colleen M Fitzgerald, Elizabeth R Mueller
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The purpose was to determine if pre-operative guided imagery (GIM) would help women to feel more prepared, less anxious, and have higher satisfaction scores 6 weeks after surgery compared with routine care. METHODS: Eligible women planning to undergo pelvic floor surgery were enrolled and randomized. The GIM group received an institution-specific CD that uses GIM to detail day of surgery (DOS) events and expectations. Participants were asked to listen to the CD once daily during the week before surgery...
September 7, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836467/do-psychosocial-interventions-improve-rehabilitation-outcomes-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-systematic-review
#11
Rogelio A Coronado, Mackenzie L Bird, Erin E Van Hoy, Laura J Huston, Kurt P Spindler, Kristin R Archer
OBJECTIVE: To examine the role of psychosocial interventions in improving patient-reported clinical outcomes, including return to sport/activity, and intermediary psychosocial factors after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. METHODS: MEDLINE/PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Web of Science were searched from each database's inception to March 2017 for published studies in patients after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Studies were included if they reported on the effects of a postoperative psychosocial intervention on a patient-reported clinical measure of disability, function, pain, quality of life, return to sport/activity, or intermediary psychosocial factor...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817447/a-stress-coping-app-for-hospitalized-pregnant-women-at-risk-for-preterm-birth
#12
Nancy Jallo, Leroy R Thacker, Victoria Menzies, Predrag Stojanovic, Dace S Svikis
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women hospitalized with preterm labor (PTL) complications experience increased stress. Prior researchers have attempted to provide stress management strategies with use of various media players to deliver stress coping interventions. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of a mobile device delivered stress coping app designed to reduce stress in a sample of high-risk pregnant women hospitalized with complications of PTL...
September 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791895/cluster-a-new-application-for-spatial-analysis-of-pixelated-data-for-epiphytotics
#13
Scot C Nelson, Iulian Corcoja, Sarah J Pethybridge
Spatial analysis of epiphytotics is essential to develop and test hypotheses about pathogen ecology, disease dynamics, and to optimize plant disease management strategies. Data collection for spatial analysis requires substantial investment in time to depict patterns in various frames and hierarchies. We developed a new approach for spatial analysis of pixelated data in digital imagery and incorporated the method in a stand-alone desktop application called Cluster. The user isolates target entities (clusters) by designating up to 24 pixel colors as nontargets and moves a threshold slider to visualize the targets...
December 2017: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766183/guided-imagery-targeting-exercise-food-cravings-and-stress-a-multi-modal-randomized-feasibility-trial
#14
Peter Giacobbi, Dustin Long, Richard Nolan, Samantha Shawley, Kelsey Johnson, Ranjita Misra
The purpose of this randomized wait-list controlled trial was to test the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of a guided imagery based multi-behavior intervention intended to address psychological stress, food cravings, and physical activity. Personalized guided imagery scripts were created and participants were instructed to practice guided imagery every day for 35 consecutive days. Of 48 women who enrolled, we report comparisons between 16 randomized to treatment with 19 who were wait-listed (overall Mage = 45...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731517/mental-steps-differential-activation-of-internal-pacemakers-in-motor-imagery-and-in-mental-imitation-of-gait
#15
Lucia Maria Sacheli, Laura Zapparoli, Carlo De Santis, Matteo Preti, Catia Pelosi, Nicola Ursino, Alberto Zerbi, Giuseppe Banfi, Eraldo Paulesu
Gait imagery and gait observation can boost the recovery of locomotion dysfunctions; yet, a neurologically justified rationale for their clinical application is lacking as much as a direct comparison of their neural correlates. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, we measured the neural correlates of explicit motor imagery of gait during observation of in-motion videos shot in a park with a steady cam (Virtual Walking task). In a 2 × 2 factorial design, we assessed the modulatory effect of gait observation and of foot movement execution on the neural correlates of the Virtual Walking task: in half of the trials, the participants were asked to mentally imitate a human model shown while walking along the same route (mental imitation condition); moreover, for half of all the trials, the participants also performed rhythmic ankle dorsiflexion as a proxy for stepping movements...
July 21, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687741/insar-constraints-on-soil-moisture-evolution-after-the-march-2015-extreme-precipitation-event-in-chile
#16
C P Scott, R B Lohman, T E Jordan
Constraints on soil moisture can guide agricultural practices, act as input into weather, flooding and climate models and inform water resource policies. Space-based interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) observations provide near-global coverage, even in the presence of clouds, of proxies for soil moisture derived from the amplitude and phase content of radar imagery. We describe results from a 1.5 year-long InSAR time series spanning the March, 2015 extreme precipitation event in the hyperarid Atacama desert of Chile, constraining the immediate increase in soil moisture and drying out over the following months, as well as the response to a later, smaller precipitation event...
July 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675117/peripheral-immune-system-suppression-in-early-abstinent-alcohol-dependent-individuals-links-to-stress-and-cue-related-craving
#17
Helen C Fox, Verica Milivojevic, Gustavo A Angarita, Raymond Stowe, Rajita Sinha
BACKGROUND: Peripheral immune system cytokines may play an integral role in the underlying sensitized stress response and alcohol craving during early alcohol withdrawal. To date, the nature of these immune changes during early abstinence have not been examined. METHODS: A total of 39 early abstinent, treatment-seeking, alcohol-dependent individuals and 46 socially drinking controls were exposed to three guided imageries: stress, alcohol cue and neutral. These were presented randomly across consecutive days...
July 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647746/the-effects-of-an-internet-based-imagery-rehearsal-intervention-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Annika Gieselmann, Max Böckermann, Marjolijn Sorbi, Reinhard Pietrowsky
BACKGROUND: Nightmares are extremely dysphoric dreams, which are prevalent and associated with psychological strain. This study investigated (a) the efficacy of an internet-based imagery rehearsal therapy (IRT), (b) the role of imagery rescription, and (c) the role of guidance during internet-based IRT. METHODS: A total of 127 patients suffering from mainly idiopathic nightmares were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 IRT internet-based groups (guided IRT; unguided IRT) or to 1 of 2 active control groups (frequency control group; narrative control group)...
2017: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629785/-interest-using-3d-ultrasound-and-mri-fusion-biopsy-for-prostate-cancer-detection
#19
A Marien, A De Castro Abreu, I Gill, A Villers, O Ukimura
INTRODUCTION: The strategic therapy for prostate cancer depends on histo-pronostics data, which could be upgraded by obtaining targeted biopsies (TB) with MRI (magnetic resonance imagery) fusion 3D ultrasound. OBJECTIVES: To compare diagnostic yield of image fusion guided prostate biopsy using image fusion of multi-parametric MRI (mpMRI) with 3D-TRUS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2010 and April 2013, 179 consecutive patients underwent outpatient TRUS biopsy using the real-time 3D TRUS tracking system (Urostation™)...
June 17, 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623467/reducing-anxiety-and-improving-academic-performance-through-a-biofeedback-relaxation-training-program
#20
Aitor Aritzeta, Goretti Soroa, Nekane Balluerka, Alexander Muela, Arantxa Gorostiaga, Jone Aliri
The aim of this study was to analyze the influence of a biofeedback relaxation training program on anxiety and academic performance. The program consisted of five biofeedback sessions coupled with three training activities focused on deep breathing, guided imagery, and muscle relaxation. The participants were second-year psychology undergraduates from the University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU, northern Spain). The experimental group comprised 152 students (M age  = 19.6, SD = 0.74; 74% women) and the control group 81 students (M age   = 19...
June 16, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
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