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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072460/psychosocial-interventions-for-recurrent-abdominal-pain-in-childhood
#1
REVIEW
Rebecca A Abbott, Alice E Martin, Tamsin V Newlove-Delgado, Alison Bethel, Joanna Thompson-Coon, Rebecca Whear, Stuart Logan
BACKGROUND: This review supersedes the original Cochrane review first published in 2008 (Huertas-Ceballos 2008).Between 4% and 25% of school-aged children complain of recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) severe enough to interfere with their daily activities. No organic cause for this pain can be found on physical examination or investigation for the majority of such children. Although many children are managed by reassurance and simple measures, a large range of psychosocial interventions involving cognitive and behavioural components have been recommended...
January 10, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072449/a-survival-guide-to-landsat-preprocessing
#2
Nicholas E Young, Ryan S Anderson, Stephen M Chignell, Anthony G Vorster, Rick Lawrence, Paul H Evangelista
Landsat data are increasingly used for ecological monitoring and research. These data often require preprocessing prior to analysis to account for sensor, solar, atmospheric, and topographic effects. However, ecologists using these data are faced with a literature containing inconsistent terminology, outdated methods, and a vast number of approaches with contradictory recommendations. These issues can, at best, make determining the correct preprocessing workflow a difficult and time-consuming task and, at worst, lead to erroneous results...
January 10, 2017: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069156/effectiveness-of-a-relaxation-intervention-progressive-muscle-relaxation-and-guided-imagery-techniques-to-reduce-anxiety-and-improve-mood-of-parents-of-hospitalized-children-with-malignancies-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-republic-of-cyprus-and-greece
#3
Theologia Tsitsi, Andreas Charalambous, Evridiki Papastavrou, Vasilios Raftopoulos
PURPOSE: To explore the effect of Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR) and Guided Imagery (GI),in reducing anxiety levels among parents of children diagnosed with any type of malignancy receiving active treatment at a Paediatric Oncology Unit in Republic of Cyprus and in Greece. METHOD: A randomized non-blinded control trial was conducted between April 2012 to October 2013, at two public paediatric hospitals. Fifty four eligible parents of children hospitalized with a malignancy were randomly assigned to the intervention (PMR and GI) (n = 29) and a control group (n = 25)...
February 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974062/interventions-to-reduce-the-impact-of-unemployment-and-economic-hardship-on-mental-health-in-the-general-population-a-systematic-review
#4
T H M Moore, N Kapur, K Hawton, A Richards, C Metcalfe, D Gunnell
BACKGROUND: Job loss, debt and financial difficulties are associated with increased risk of mental illness and suicide in the general population. Interventions targeting people in debt or unemployed might help reduce these effects. METHOD: We searched MEDLINE, Embase, The Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and PsycINFO (January 2016) for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of interventions to reduce the effects of unemployment and debt on mental health in general population samples...
December 15, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942702/imagery-based-interventions-for-music-performance-anxiety-an-integrative-review
#5
REVIEW
Katherine Finch, David A Moscovitch
Many musicians experience debilitating music performance anxiety (MPA). Outside music performance, imagery-based interventions have been incorporated into treatment protocols to help individuals, including athletes and those with social anxiety, manage heightened levels of anxiety in order to excel in performance-based domains. Despite the frequent use of mental imagery in MPA interventions and its importance as a mental rehearsal technique for musicians, no existing reviews have examined the literature on imagery-based interventions for MPA...
December 2016: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941132/health-outcomes-of-a-series-of-bonny-method-of-guided-imagery-and-music-sessions-a-systematic-review
#6
Cathy H McKinney, Timothy J Honig
BACKGROUND: The Bonny Method of Guided Imagery and Music (GIM) is a music-centered approach to exploring consciousness for personal growth and transformation. Applications have been reported in a variety of clinical and nonclinical contexts. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to review evidence that a series of Bonny Method of GIM sessions may promote positive health outcomes in adults. METHODS: This systematic review examined randomized and nonrandomized controlled trials and repeated measures designs that reported psychological or physiological outcomes following a series of at least six individual Bonny Method of GIM sessions...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Music Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909419/moving-stimuli-facilitate-synchronization-but-not-temporal-perception
#7
Susana Silva, São Luís Castro
Recent studies have shown that a moving visual stimulus (e.g., a bouncing ball) facilitates synchronization compared to a static stimulus (e.g., a flashing light), and that it can even be as effective as an auditory beep. We asked a group of participants to perform different tasks with four stimulus types: beeps, siren-like sounds, visual flashes (static) and bouncing balls. First, participants performed synchronization with isochronous sequences (stimulus-guided synchronization), followed by a continuation phase in which the stimulus was internally generated (imagery-guided synchronization)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897186/managing-pain-and-fatigue-in-people-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-randomized-controlled-trial-feasibility-study-examining-the-efficacy-of-massage-therapy
#8
J Lovas, Y Tran, J Middleton, R Bartrop, N Moore, A Craig
STUDY DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial (RCT). OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of massage therapy (MT) as a treatment that could be implemented to reduce pain and fatigue in people with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Laboratory setting in Sydney, Australia. METHODS: Participants included 40 people with SCI living in the community who were randomly assigned into one of two RCT arms: MT (Swedish massage to upper body) or an active concurrent control (guided imagery (GI) relaxation)...
November 29, 2016: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896907/efficacy-acceptability-and-safety-of-guided-imagery-hypnosis-in-fibromyalgia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#9
REVIEW
N Zech, E Hansen, K Bernardy, W Häuser
: This systematic review aimed at evaluating the efficacy, acceptability and safety of guided imagery/hypnosis (GI/H) in fibromyalgia. Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, PsycINFO and SCOPUS were screened through February 2016. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing GI/H with controls were analysed. Primary outcomes were ≥50% pain relief, ≥20% improvement of health-related quality of life, psychological distress, disability, acceptability and safety at end of therapy and 3-month follow-up...
February 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886431/music-interventions-for-dental-anxiety
#10
Joke Bradt, Aaron Teague
Anxiety is a significant issue in the dental care of adults and children. Dental anxiety often leads to avoidance of dental care which may result in significant deterioration of oral and dental health. Nonpharmacological anxiety management interventions such as music listening are increasingly used in dental care. Although efficacy for music's anxiolytic effects has been established for pre-operative anxiety, findings regarding the use of music listening for dental anxiety are inconclusive, especially for children...
November 25, 2016: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870417/gender-differences-in-neural-correlates-of-stress-induced-anxiety
#11
Dongju Seo, Aneesha Ahluwalia, Marc N Potenza, Rajita Sinha
Although gender differences have been identified as a crucial factor for understanding stress-related anxiety and associated clinical disorders, the neural mechanisms underlying these differences remain unclear. To explore gender differences in the neural correlates of stress-induced anxiety, the current study used functional magnetic resonance imaging to examine brain responses in 96 healthy men and women with commensurable levels of trait anxiety as they engaged in a personalized guided imagery paradigm to provoke stress and neutral-relaxing experiences...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869730/context-aware-fusion-of-rgb-and-thermal-imagery-for-traffic-monitoring
#12
Thiemo Alldieck, Chris H Bahnsen, Thomas B Moeslund
In order to enable a robust 24-h monitoring of traffic under changing environmental conditions, it is beneficial to observe the traffic scene using several sensors, preferably from different modalities. To fully benefit from multi-modal sensor output, however, one must fuse the data. This paper introduces a new approach for fusing color RGB and thermal video streams by using not only the information from the videos themselves, but also the available contextual information of a scene. The contextual information is used to judge the quality of a particular modality and guides the fusion of two parallel segmentation pipelines of the RGB and thermal video streams...
November 18, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869190/embodied-neurofeedback-with-an-anthropomorphic-robotic-hand
#13
Niclas Braun, Reiner Emkes, Jeremy D Thorne, Stefan Debener
Neurofeedback-guided motor imagery training (NF-MIT) has been suggested as a promising therapy for stroke-induced motor impairment. Whereas much NF-MIT research has aimed at signal processing optimization, the type of sensory feedback given to the participant has received less attention. Often the feedback signal is highly abstract and not inherently coupled to the mental act performed. In this study, we asked whether an embodied feedback signal is more efficient for neurofeedback operation than a non-embodiable feedback signal...
November 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863614/guided-imagery-effects-on-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-in-iranian-breast-cancer-patients
#14
Mahboobehsadat Hosseini, Batool Tirgari, Mansooreh Azizzadeh Forouzi, Yunes Jahani
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to examine the effect of guided imagery on chemotherapy induced nausea and vomiting in breast cancer patients. DESIGN: This was a quasi-experimental study in which a group of sample was evaluated pre and post intervention. A convenience sample of 55 eligible breast cancer patients enrolled to participate in this study after giving informed consent. They completed the Morrow Assessment of Nausea and Vomiting, before and after the intervention...
November 2016: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833711/percutaneous-tracheostomy-and-percutaneous-angiography-the-diuturnity-of-sven-ivar-seldinger-of-mora-pasquale-ciaglia-of-utica
#15
Richard A Pollock
In the latter part of the 20th century, three developments intersected: skin-to-artery catheterization, percutaneous tracheostomy, and market introduction of video-chip camera-tipped endoscopes. By the millennium, every vessel within the body could be visualized radiographically, and percutaneous tracheostomy (with tracheal-ring "dilation," flawless high-resolution intratracheal video-imagery, and tracheal intubation) could consistently be achieved at the patient's bedside. Initiated through the skin and abetted by guide-wire insertion, these procedures are the lasting gifts of Sven-Ivar Seldinger (1921-1998) of Mora, Sweden, and Pasquale Ciaglia (1912-2000) of Utica, New York...
November 2016: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825661/development-and-validation-of-a-mental-practice-tool-for-total-abdominal-hysterectomy
#16
Said S Saab, Jamie Bastek, Sandra Dayaratna, Ellyn Hutton, Catherine R Salva
OBJECTIVE: Total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH) is a common operation performed by obstetrician-gynecologists. Training opportunities for this procedure are declining. Mental practice (MP), the use of mental imagery to rehearse a task symbolically before performance, has been used successfully in sports and music to enhance skill. This strategy demonstrates benefit in existing surgical education literature. We aimed to develop and validate a MP tool (MPT) for resident training in TAH. DESIGN: A prospective survey study was performed in a large, urban, academic medical center in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818664/invasive-shrub-mapping-in-an-urban-environment-from-hyperspectral-and-lidar-derived-attributes
#17
Curtis M Chance, Nicholas C Coops, Andrew A Plowright, Thoreau R Tooke, Andreas Christen, Neal Aven
Proactive management of invasive species in urban areas is critical to restricting their overall distribution. The objective of this work is to determine whether advanced remote sensing technologies can help to detect invasions effectively and efficiently in complex urban ecosystems such as parks. In Surrey, BC, Canada, Himalayan blackberry (Rubus armeniacus) and English ivy (Hedera helix) are two invasive shrub species that can negatively affect native ecosystems in cities and managed urban parks. Random forest (RF) models were created to detect these two species using a combination of hyperspectral imagery, and light detection and ranging (LiDAR) data...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788457/understanding-and-treating-amotivation-in-people-with-psychosis-an-experimental-study-of-the-role-of-guided-imagery
#18
Charlotte Cox, Suzanne Jolley, Louise Johns
Psychological models propose that the amotivational negative symptoms (ANS) of psychosis are influenced by expectations of future events; both anticipatory success (believing one can achieve something, AS) and anticipatory pleasure (mentally pre-creating potential future experiences of enjoyment, AP). Mental imagery manipulations have been shown to change expectations across a range of settings, and may therefore enhance psychological interventions for ANS in people with psychosis. We set out to investigate the impact of a guided imagery manipulation on AS and AP in this group...
December 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723681/contemplative-practices-self-efficacy-and-nclex-rn-success
#19
Elizabeth Fiske
Despite program completion, not all graduates are successful on the National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN). Contemplative practices such as meditation and guided imagery were added to an NCLEX-RN preparatory course. The difference between self-efficacy scores at the beginning and end of the course was statistically significant. Students reported that the contemplative activities were beneficial, and they would use these activities again in the future.
October 4, 2016: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716956/faah-gene-variation-moderates-stress-response-and-symptom-severity-in-patients-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-comorbid-alcohol-dependence
#20
Primavera A Spagnolo, Vijay A Ramchandani, Melanie L Schwandt, Laura E Kwako, David T George, Leah M Mayo, Cecilia J Hillard, Markus Heilig
BACKGROUND: A common single nucleotide polymorphism (C385A) in the human fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) gene has been associated with decreased distress responses in healthy volunteers, but its role in psychiatric disorders remains unknown. Here, we obtained genotypes and carried out a secondary analysis of subjects from a trial of comorbid posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and alcohol dependence (AD). We evaluated the effects of C385A variation on behavioral and biochemical biomarkers of distress responses...
September 26, 2016: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
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