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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934166/is-branched-chain-amino-acids-supplementation-an-efficient-nutritional-strategy-to-alleviate-skeletal-muscle-damage-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Alexandre Fouré, David Bendahan
Amino acids and more precisely, branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs), are usually consumed as nutritional supplements by many athletes and people involved in regular and moderate physical activities regardless of their practice level. BCAAs have been initially shown to increase muscle mass and have also been implicated in the limitation of structural and metabolic alterations associated with exercise damage. This systematic review provides a comprehensive analysis of the literature regarding the beneficial effects of BCAAs supplementation within the context of exercise-induced muscle damage or muscle injury...
September 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933934/emergency-medical-service-personnel-s-risk-from-violence-while-serving-the-community
#2
Brian J Maguire, Barbara J O'Neill
OBJECTIVES: To determine the risks of violence-related injury among emergency medical services (EMS) personnel in the United States. METHODS: We analyzed 1630 violence-related occupational injury cases reported to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics for the years 2012 to 2015 and conducted secondary searches within the Bureau of Labor Statistics Web site. RESULTS: The number of cases per year varied between 250 and 560. Perpetrators included patients (77%) and coworkers (8%)...
September 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933305/epidemiology-of-diabetes-mellitus-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#3
Hira Abdul Razzak, Alya Harbi, Wael Shelpai, Ahmad Qawas
Background/ Objective: Diabetes mellitus is a non-communicable disease which has become a major global public health issue. This systematic review summarized epidemiological studies related to the prevalence, risk factors, complications, incidence, knowledge, attitude and practices of Diabetes Mellitus (DM) among Arab population in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). METHOD: PubMed, Scopus databases, Science direct, Wiley online library, and other local journals were searched to identify relevant literature using appropriate keywords to retrieve studies conducted in the UAE...
September 20, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932018/measuring-orthographic-transparency-and-morphological-syllabic-complexity-in-alphabetic-orthographies-a-narrative-review
#4
REVIEW
Elisabeth Borleffs, Ben A M Maassen, Heikki Lyytinen, Frans Zwarts
This narrative review discusses quantitative indices measuring differences between alphabetic languages that are related to the process of word recognition. The specific orthography that a child is acquiring has been identified as a central element influencing reading acquisition and dyslexia. However, the development of reliable metrics to measure differences between language scripts hasn't received much attention so far. This paper therefore reviews metrics proposed in the literature for quantifying orthographic transparency, syllabic complexity, and morphological complexity of alphabetic languages...
2017: Reading and Writing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931480/a-literature-review-of-mentorship-programs-in-academic-nursing
#5
REVIEW
Lorelli Nowell, Jill M Norris, Kelly Mrklas, Deborah E White
BACKGROUND: Nursing education institutions have issued recurring, global calls for mentorship; however, evidence-based program development guidance is scarce. To date, there are no comprehensive syntheses of current mentorship models, objectives, and program components to inform mentorship program development in nursing academia. The purpose of this review is to identify published articles that (1) described models for mentoring programs for academic nurses, and (2) described the objectives and core components of these programs...
September 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930787/use-of-google-trends-to-examine-interest-in-mohs-micrographic-surgery-2004-to-2016
#6
Daniel J Callaghan
BACKGROUND: Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) is the gold standard for treatment of high-risk skin cancers. There has been an upward trend in the use of this procedure as demonstrated by data from Medicare and the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey. OBJECTIVE: To assess interest in MMS among members of the general public as measured by number of online searches, and how that interest has changed over time. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Google Trends was used to plot interest in search terms including "Mohs surgery," "basal cell carcinoma," "squamous cell carcinoma," "melanoma," and "skin cancer" from January 1, 2004, to November 30, 2016...
September 19, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930374/the-prognostic-significance-of-soluble-programmed-death-ligand-1-expression-in-cancers-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Y Ding, C Sun, J Li, L Hu, M Li, J Liu, L Pu, S Xiong
The differential expression of soluble programmed death ligand 1 (sPD-L1) has been found in some cancers; however, the correlation between sPD-L1 expression and prognosis value in tumour is still unclear. Here, we conducted a meta-analysis and systematic review to assess the prognostic value of sPD-L1 in patients with cancer. Eligible studies were searched for in the databases including PubMed, Web of Science, ScienceDirect and Wiley Online Library database. The pooled hazard ratios (HRs) with a 95% confidence interval (95%CI) were calculated to assess the prognostic significance of sPD-L1 in human cancer...
August 21, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928828/screening-of-candidate-key-genes-associated-with-human-osteosarcoma-using-bioinformatics-analysis
#8
Kefeng Zhang, Jianwen Gao, Yong Ni
The aim of the present study was to identify the key genes associated with osteosarcoma (OS) using a bioinformatics approach. Microarray data (GSE36004) was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database, including 19 OS cell lines and 6 normal controls. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the OS cell lines were identified using the Limma package, and differentially methylated regions were screened with methyAnalysis in R. Copy number analysis was performed and genes with copy number gains/losses were further screened using DNAcopy and cghMCR packages...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928345/clinical-medical-education-in-rural-and-underserved-areas-and-eventual-practice-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Ryan William Raymond Guilbault, Joseph Alexander Vinson
BACKGROUND: Undergraduate medical students are enrolled in clinical education programs in rural and underserved urban areas to increase the likelihood that they will eventually practice in those areas and train in a primary care specialty to best serve those patient populations. METHODS: MEDLINE and Cochrane Library online databases were searched to identify articles that provide a detailed description of the exposure and outcome of interest. A qualitative review of articles reporting outcome data without comparison or control groups was completed using the Medical Education Research Study Quality Instrument (MERSQI)...
May 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928109/components-and-outcomes-of-internet-based-interventions-for-caregivers-of-older-adults-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Cassioppée Guay, Claudine Auger, Louise Demers, W Ben Mortenson, William C Miller, Dominique Gélinas-Bronsard, Sara Ahmed
BACKGROUND: When trying to access interventions to improve their well-being and quality of life, family caregivers face many challenges. Internet-based interventions provide new and accessible opportunities to remotely support them and can contribute to reducing their burden. However, little is known about the link existing between the components, the use of behavior change techniques, and the outcomes of these Internet-based interventions. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to provide an update on the best available evidence about the efficacy of Internet-based interventions for caregivers of older adults...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928084/follow-up-care-for-survivors-of-prostate-cancer-clinical-management-a-program-in-evidence-based-care-systematic-review-and-clinical-practice-guideline
#11
A Loblaw, L H Souter, C Canil, R H Breau, M Haider, L Jamnicky, R Morash, M Surchin, A Matthew
AIMS: This clinical practice guideline was developed to provide evidence-based guidance on the frequency by which prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels should be tested in men after curative-intent treatment for prostate cancer and to define the most appropriate diagnostic testing if biochemical recurrence occurs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic search using OVID was used to systematically search the MEDLINE and EMBASE databases for systematic reviews and primary literature...
September 16, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927925/optical-properties-of-zirconia-ceramics-for-esthetic-dental-restorations-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Reza Shahmiri, Owen Christopher Standard, Judy N Hart, Charles Christopher Sorrell
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal has been used as a dental biomaterial for several decades because the fracture toughness and bend strength are increased by a stress-induced transformation-toughening mechanism. However, its esthetics are compromised by its poor translucency and grayish-white appearance. PURPOSE: The purpose of the present systematic review was to assess information on the mechanical, chemical, and optical requirements of monolithic zirconia dental restorations...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927871/-prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-argentina-in-the-last-25-years-systematic-review-of-population-observational-studies
#13
A Diaz, W Espeche, C March, R Flores, R Parodi, M A Genesio, R Sabio, S Poppe
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: Metabolic syndrome (MS) comprises a set of risk factors for cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Argentina has numerous epidemiological studies on MS, however, there has been no systematic analysis of the prevalence of MS in our population. To estimate the prevalence of MS in the Argentine Republic, a systematic review of observational studies published during the period 1988-2014 was carried out. SEARCH STRATEGY: A bibliographic search was conducted in the MEDLINE (National Library of Medicine), SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online) and LILACS (Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature) databases on studies conducted in Argentina between January 1989 and December 2014...
September 16, 2017: Hipertensión y Riesgo Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927685/the-prevention-of-coronary-arterial-abnormalities-in-kawasaki-disease-a%C3%A2-meta-analysis-of-the-corticosteroid-effectiveness
#14
Tsung-Ju Yang, Ming-Tai Lin, Chun-Yi Lu, Jong-Min Chen, Ping-Ing Lee, Li-Min Huang, Mei-Hwan Wu, Luan-Yin Chang
OBJECTIVE: The use of corticosteroid in Kawasaki disease (KD) remains controversial among current guidelines. The objective of this study is to summarize the effectiveness and safety of corticosteroid to prevent coronary arterial lesions in Kawasaki disease, both as initial and rescue therapy. METHODS: The Medline, EMBASE, Google scholar, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases, ClinicalTrials.gov, and Japanese Institutional Repositories Online were searched for studies up to 31 March 2017...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927440/refugees-asylum-seekers-and-undocumented-migrants-and-the-experience-of-parenthood-a-synthesis-of-the-qualitative-literature
#15
REVIEW
Lisa Merry, Sandra Pelaez, Nancy C Edwards
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize the recent qualitative literature and identify the integrative themes describing the parenthood experiences of refugees, asylum-seekers and undocumented migrants. METHODS: We searched seven online databases for the period January 2006 to February 2017. We included English and French published peer-reviewed articles and graduate-level dissertations, which qualitatively examined the parenthood experiences of refugees, asylum-seekers and undocumented migrants...
September 19, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925861/perioperative-pulmonary-medication-management
#16
Johnathan Ross Renew, Stephen Aniskevich
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary conditions such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are common conditions that warrant special consideration in the perioperative period. When these patients undergo surgical interventions, they have risk of complications such as bronchospasm, hypoxia, and even postoperative respiratory failure that warrants unplanned intensive care unit admission. Thus, clinicians must be familiar with pulmonary medication regimens that are critical for maintaining stable homeostasis of these chronic conditions...
September 18, 2017: Current Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923040/systematic-review-a-review-of-adolescent-behavior-change-interventions-bci-and-their-effectiveness-in-hiv-and-aids-prevention-in-sub-saharan-africa
#17
M Mwale, A S Muula
BACKGROUND: Despite sub-Saharan Africa [SSA] constituting just 12% of the world's population, the region has the highest burden of HIV with 70% of HIV infection in general and 80% of new infections among young people occuring in the region. Diverse intervention programmes have been implemented among young people but with minimal translation to behavior change. A systematic review of Behavior Change Interventions [BCI] targeting adolescents in SSA was therefore conducted with the objective of delineating this intervention vis-a-vis efficacy gap...
September 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922376/news-trends-and-web-search-query-of-hiv-aids-in-hong-kong
#18
Alice P Y Chiu, Qianying Lin, Daihai He
BACKGROUND: The HIV epidemic in Hong Kong has worsened in recent years, with major contributions from high-risk subgroup of men who have sex with men (MSM). Internet use is prevalent among the majority of the local population, where they sought health information online. This study examines the impacts of HIV/AIDS and MSM news coverage on web search query in Hong Kong. METHODS: Relevant news coverage about HIV/AIDS and MSM from January 1st, 2004 to December 31st, 2014 was obtained from the WiseNews databse...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921842/anchorquery-rapid-online-virtual-screening-for-small-molecule-protein-protein-interaction-inhibitors
#19
David R Koes, Alexander Dömling, Carlos J Camacho
AnchorQuery ( http://anchorquery.csb.pitt.edu) is a web application for rational structure-based design of protein-protein interaction (PPI) inhibitors. A specialized variant of pharmacophore search is used to rapidly screen libraries consisting of more than 31 million synthesizable compounds biased by design to preferentially target PPIs. Every library compound is accessible through one-step multi-component reaction (MCR) chemistry and contains an anchor motif that is bioisosteric to an amino acid residue...
September 16, 2017: Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921533/dental-treatment-in-the-era-of-new-anti-thrombotic-agents
#20
REVIEW
Sharonit Sahar-Helft, Tali Chackartchi, David Polak, Mordechai Findler
BACKGROUND: In recent years, there have been dramatic changes in anti-thrombotic treatment as a result of new anti-thrombotic agents, as well as changes in the indications for their use. As a consequence, dentists are encountering larger numbers of patients who are undergoing anti-thrombotic treatment and who have increased risk for bleeding. The current paper aims to review the literature regarding up-to-date anti-thrombotic treatment and provide information regarding their implications on dentistry...
September 17, 2017: International Dental Journal
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