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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779074/health-information-seeking-behavior-among-college-students
#1
Corey H Basch, Sarah A MacLean, Rachelle-Ann Romero, Danna Ethan
Individuals have a wide range of resources when searching for health topics. The aim of this research was twofold: (1) to identify and assess the resources college students use when exercising health information seeking behavior (HISB); and (2) to examine perceptions and behaviors regarding adoption of online tools. A questionnaire was developed to assess HISB in a sample of college students. Items pertaining to HISB were adapted from a Health Information National Trends Survey with permission from the National Cancer Institute at the National Institutes of Health...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776395/linking-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-ymsm-to-sti-physicians-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-survey-in-china
#2
Bolin Cao, Peipei Zhao, Cedric Bien, Stephen Pan, Weiming Tang, Julia Watson, Guodong Mi, Yi Ding, Zhenzhou Luo, Joseph D Tucker
BACKGROUND: Many young men who have sex with men (YMSM) are reluctant to seek health services and trust local physicians. Online information seeking may encourage YMSM to identify and see trustworthy physicians, obtain sexual health services, and obtain testing for sexually transmitted infections (STIs). This study examined online STI information seeking behaviors among Chinese YMSM and its association with offline physician visits. METHODS: We conducted a nationwide online survey among YMSM through WeChat, the largest social media platform in China...
May 18, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774762/quality-readability-and-trends-for-websites-on-ankyloglossia
#3
Nicole Leigh Aaronson, Johnathan Edward Castaño, Jeffrey P Simons, Noel Jabbour
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the quality and readability of websites on ankyloglossia, tongue tie, and frenulectomy. METHODS: Google was queried with six search terms: tongue tie, tongue tie and breastfeeding, tongue tie and frenulectomy, ankyloglossia, ankyloglossia and breastfeeding, and ankyloglossia and frenulectomy. Website quality was assessed using the DISCERN instrument. Readability was evaluated using the Flesch-Kincaid Reading Grade Level, Flesch Reading Ease Score, and Fry readability formula...
May 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774137/saudi-anti-human-cancer-plants-database-sacpd-a-collection-of-plants-with-anti-human-cancer-activities
#4
Ateeq Ahmed Al-Zahrani
Several anticancer drugs have been developed from natural products such as plants. Successful experiments in inhibiting the growth of human cancer cell lines using Saudi plants were published over the last three decades. Up to date, there is no Saudi anticancer plants database as a comprehensive source for the interesting data generated from these experiments. Therefore, there was a need for creating a database to collect, organize, search and retrieve such data. As a result, the current paper describes the generation of the Saudi anti-human cancer plants database (SACPD)...
January 30, 2018: Oncology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773356/a-web-based-overview-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-pancreatic-anastomosis-techniques-following-pancreatoduodenectomy
#5
REVIEW
Lois A Daamen, F Jasmijn Smits, Marc G Besselink, Olivier R Busch, Inne H Borel Rinkes, Hjalmar C van Santvoort, I Quintus Molenaar
BACKGROUND: Many pancreatic anastomoses have been proposed to reduce the incidence of postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) after pancreatoduodenectomy, but a complete overview is lacking. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to provide an online overview of all pancreatic anastomosis techniques and to evaluate the incidence of clinically relevant POPF in randomized controlled trials (RCTs). METHODS: A literature search was performed to December 2017...
May 14, 2018: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771615/risk-and-protective-factors-for-intimate-partner-violence-against-women-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses-of-prospective-longitudinal-studies
#6
Alexa R Yakubovich, Heidi Stöckl, Joseph Murray, G J Melendez-Torres, Janina I Steinert, Calla E Y Glavin, David K Humphreys
BACKGROUND: The estimated lifetime prevalence of physical or sexual intimate partner violence (IPV) is 30% among women worldwide. Understanding risk and protective factors is essential for designing effective prevention strategies. OBJECTIVES: To quantify the associations between prospective-longitudinal risk and protective factors and IPV and identify evidence gaps. SEARCH METHODS: We conducted systematic searches in 16 databases including MEDLINE and PsycINFO from inception to June 2016...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771380/dbcan2-a-meta-server-for-automated-carbohydrate-active-enzyme-annotation
#7
Han Zhang, Tanner Yohe, Le Huang, Sarah Entwistle, Peizhi Wu, Zhenglu Yang, Peter K Busk, Ying Xu, Yanbin Yin
Complex carbohydrates of plants are the main food sources of animals and microbes, and serve as promising renewable feedstock for biofuel and biomaterial production. Carbohydrate active enzymes (CAZymes) are the most important enzymes for complex carbohydrate metabolism. With an increasing number of plant and plant-associated microbial genomes and metagenomes being sequenced, there is an urgent need of automatic tools for genomic data mining of CAZymes. We developed the dbCAN web server in 2012 to provide a public service for automated CAZyme annotation for newly sequenced genomes...
May 16, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771224/discipline-specific-competency-based-curricula-for-leadership-learning-in-medical-specialty-training
#8
Sandra Turner, Ming-Ka Chan, Judy McKimm, Graham Dickson, Timothy Shaw
Purpose Doctors play a central role in leading improvements to healthcare systems. Leadership knowledge and skills are not inherent, however, and need to be learned. General frameworks for medical leadership guide curriculum development in this area. Explicit discipline-linked competency sets and programmes provide context for learning and likely enhance specialty trainees' capability for leadership at all levels. The aim of this review was to summarise the scholarly literature available around medical specialty-specific competency-based curricula for leadership in the post-graduate training space...
May 8, 2018: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771204/past-present-and-future-challenges-in-health-care-priority-setting
#9
William Hall, Iestyn Williams, Neale Smith, Marthe Gold, Joanna Coast, Lydia Kapiriri, M Danis, Craig Mitton
Purpose Current conditions have intensified the need for health systems to engage in the difficult task of priority setting. As the search for a "magic bullet" is replaced by an appreciation for the interplay between evidence, interests, culture, and outcomes, progress in relation to these dimensions requires assessment of achievements to date and identification of areas where knowledge and practice require attention most urgently. The paper aims to discuss these issues. Design/methodology/approach An international survey was administered to experts in the area of priority setting...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768585/-inter-sector-network-in-brazil-s-school-health-program-subjects-perceptions-and-practices
#10
Antônio Paulo Gomes Chiari, Raquel Conceição Ferreira, Marco Akerman, João Henrique Lara do Amaral, Kecyanne Malheiros Machado, Maria Inês Barreiros Senna
This study evaluated the implementation of the School Health Program (PSE in Portuguese) in the city of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil, the mechanisms favoring inter-sector action, and municipal administrators' perceptions concerning inter-sector collaboration. A case study was developed with document search and the application of an online questionnaire. The document search analyzed federal and municipal legislation on the PSE published in the Federal Register and Municipal Register and news on the program published in the Municipal Register...
May 10, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768112/-marvin-the-paranoid-android-the-case-of-an-alpha-pvp-user-in-the-expanding-galaxy-of-nps
#11
Simonato Pierluigi, Bulsis Laura, Negri Attilio, Bansal Gurjeet K, Pessa Gloria, Mioni Davide, Giuseppe Borgherini, Martinotti Giovanni, Schifano Fabrizio, Giulia Perini, Corazza Ornella
Alpha-PVP can be defined as a novel psychoactive substance (NPS)-more specifically, a novel synthetic cathinone with unpredictable stimulant effects in humans. "Marvin" arrived at a Dual Diagnosis Unit at Parco dei Tigli, Italy. He underwent a 30-day rehabilitation program to overcome his problematic Alpha-PVP use as a psychonaut. We conducted an online search to understand the properties of Alpha-PVP and its presence in scientific literature, reviewing official reports and the online drug market (e...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766319/surgical-margin-status-and-its-impact-on-prostate-cancer-prognosis-after-radical-prostatectomy-a-meta-analysis
#12
Lijin Zhang, Bin Wu, Zhenlei Zha, Hu Zhao, Jun Yuan, Yuefang Jiang, Wei Yang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Positive surgical margins (PSMs) correlate with adverse outcomes in numerous solid tumours. However, the prognostic value of PSMs in prostate cancer (PCa) patients who underwent radical prostatectomy remains unclear. Herein, we performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the association between PSMs and the prognostic value for biochemical recurrence-free survival (BRFS), cancer-specific survival (CSS), overall survival (OS), cancer-specific mortality (CSM) and overall mortality (OM) in PCa patients...
May 15, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765895/effect-of-smear-layer-deproteinization-on-bonding-of-self-etch-adhesives-to-dentin-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Khaldoan H Alshaikh, Hamdi H H Hamama, Salah H Mahmoud
Objectives: The aim of this systematic review was to critically analyze previously published studies of the effects of dentin surface pretreatment with deproteinizing agents on the bonding of self-etch (SE) adhesives to dentin. Additionally, a meta-analysis was conducted to quantify the effects of the above-mentioned surface pretreatment methods on the bonding of SE adhesives to dentin. Materials and Methods: An electronic search was performed using the following databases: Scopus, PubMed and ScienceDirect...
May 2018: Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765171/risks-and-protective-factors-for-triple-negative-breast-cancer-with-a-focus-on-micronutrients-and-infections
#14
Dagmar Horakova, Katerina Bouchalova, Karel Cwiertka, Ladislav Stepanek, Jana Vlckova, Helena Kollarova
Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is an aggressive form of breast cancer (BC) with a poor prognosis. Second, patients cannot benefit from targeted therapy, except for those with BRCA1/2 mutations, for whom poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibition therapy using olaparib has recently been approved. As global priorities continue to be epidemiological analysis of BC risk factors and early diagnosis, this review focuses on the risks and protective factors associated with TNBC. A PubMed keyword search for new knowledge on the risks and protective factors for TNBC was carried out...
May 15, 2018: Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacký, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764413/evidence-for-the-use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicines-during-fertility-treatment-a-scoping-review
#15
Skye A Miner, Stephanie Robins, Yu Jia Zhu, Kathelijne Keeren, Vivian Gu, Suzanne C Read, Phyllis Zelkowitz
BACKGROUND: Complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) are sometimes used by individuals who desire to improve the outcomes of their fertility treatment and/or mental health during fertility treatment. However, there is little comprehensive information available that analyzes various CAM methods across treatment outcomes and includes information that is published in languages other than English. METHOD: This scoping review examines the evidence for 12 different CAM methods used to improve female and male fertility outcomes as well as their association with improving mental health outcomes during fertility treatment...
May 15, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762650/transform-miner-transforming-molecules-in-enzyme-reactions
#16
Jonathan D Tyzack, Antonio J M Ribeiro, Neera Borkakoti, Janet M Thornton
Motivation: One goal of synthetic biology is to make new enzymes to generate new products, but identifying the starting enzymes for further investigation is often elusive and relies on expert knowledge, intensive literature searching and trial and error. Results: We present Transform-MinER, an online computational tool that transforms query substrate molecules into products using enzyme reactions. The most similar native enzyme reactions for each transformation are found, highlighting those that may be of most interest for enzyme design and directed evolution approaches...
May 14, 2018: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762644/indexed-variation-graphs-for-efficient-and-accurate-resistome-profiling
#17
Will P M Rowe, Martyn D Winn
Motivation: Antimicrobial resistance remains a major threat to global health. Profiling the collective antimicrobial resistance genes within a metagenome (the "resistome") facilitates greater understanding of antimicrobial resistance gene diversity and dynamics. In turn, this can allow for gene surveillance, individualised treatment of bacterial infections and more sustainable use of antimicrobials. However, resistome profiling can be complicated by high similarity between reference genes, as well as the sheer volume of sequencing data and the complexity of analysis workflows...
May 14, 2018: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762640/mrmassaydb-an-integrated-resource-for-validated-targeted-proteomics-assays
#18
Pallab Bhowmick, Yassene Mohammed, Christoph H Borchers
Motivation: Multiple Reaction Monitoring (MRM)-based targeted proteomics is increasingly being used to study the molecular basis of disease. When combined with an internal standard, MRM allows absolute quantification of proteins in virtually any type of sample but the development and validation of an MRM assay for a specific protein is laborious. Therefore, several public repositories now host targeted proteomics MRM assays, including NCI's Clinical Proteomic Tumor Analysis Consortium assay portals, PeptideAtlas SRM Experiment Library, SRMAtlas, PanoramaWeb, and PeptideTracker, with all of which contain different levels of information...
May 14, 2018: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761582/blended-diets-for-gastrostomy-fed-children-and-young-people-a-scoping-review
#19
REVIEW
Anne Breaks, Christina Smith, Steven Bloch, Sally Morgan
BACKGROUND: The present review aimed to identify what is known about the use of blended diets in gastrostomy fed children and young people (i.e. children and young people refers to those who are aged up to 25 years with special educational needs or a disability in accordance with Part 3 of the Children and Family Act 2014; within the review, the word children is used for simplicity but encompasses young people too) and to identify gaps in the literature on this topic to inform future research and policy...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761473/glucocorticosteroids-for-infants-with-biliary-atresia-following-kasai-portoenterostomy
#20
REVIEW
Athanasios Tyraskis, Christopher Parsons, Mark Davenport
BACKGROUND: Biliary atresia is a life-threatening disease characterised by progressive destruction of both intra- and extra-hepatic biliary ducts. The mainstay of treatment is Kasai portoenterostomy, as soon as the disease has been confirmed. Glucocorticosteroids are steroid hormones which act on the glucocorticoid receptor and have a range of metabolic and immunomodulatory effects. Glucocorticosteroids are used to improve the postoperative outcomes in infants who have undergone Kasai portoenterostomy...
May 14, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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