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hypertriglyceridemia in pregnancy

Maria Luisa Garmendia, Carolina Zamudio, Marcela Araya, Juliana Kain
OBJECTIVES: One of every four pregnant women in Chile is obese. Gestational obesity is associated with maternal metabolic complications in pregnancy (e.g., gestational diabetes, preeclampsia), but to our knowledge, there is little evidence on relationships with future metabolic risk. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between prepregnancy obesity (prepregnancy body mass index ≥30 kg/m(2)) or excessive gestational weight gain (GWG; according to the 2009 recommendations from the Institute of Medicine), and maternal metabolic complications 10 y postpartum in premenopausal Chilean women...
June 2017: Nutrition
Adam Oleszko, Jadwiga Hartwich, Anna Wójtowicz, Marlena Gąsior-Głogowska, Hubert Huras, Małgorzata Komorowska
Hypertriglyceridemia, related with triglyceride (TG) in plasma above 1.7mmol/L is one of the cardiovascular risk factors. Very low density lipoproteins (VLDL) are the main TG carriers. Despite being time consuming, demanding well-qualified staff and expensive instrumentation, ultracentrifugation technique still remains the gold standard for the VLDL isolation. Therefore faster and simpler method of VLDL-TG determination is needed. Vibrational spectroscopy, including FT-IR and Raman, is widely used technique in lipid and protein research...
April 18, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Vanya Nikolova, Georgia Papacleovoulou, Elena Bellafante, Luiza Borges Manna, Eugene Jansen, Silvère Baron, Shadi Abu-Hayyeh, Malcolm G Parker, Catherine Williamson
Human pregnancy is associated with enhanced de novo lipogenesis in the early stages followed by hyperlipidemia during advanced gestation. Liver X receptors (LXRs) are oxysterol-activated nuclear receptors which stimulate de novo lipogenesis and also promote the efflux of cholesterol from extrahepatic tissues followed by its transport back to the liver for biliary excretion. Although LXR is recognized as a master regulator of triglyceride and cholesterol homeostasis it is unknown whether it facilitates the gestational adaptations in lipid metabolism...
April 18, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
Sumayah Aljenedil, Robert A Hegele, Jacques Genest, Zuhier Awan
BACKGROUND: Estrogen, whether therapeutic or physiologic, can cause hypertriglyceridemia. Hypertriglyceridemia-induced pancreatitis is a rare complication. CASES: We report 2 women who developed estrogen-associated severe hypertriglyceridemia with pancreatitis. The first patient developed pancreatitis secondary to hypertriglyceridemia associated with in vitro fertilization cycles. Marked reduction in her triglyceride was achieved with dietary restrictions and fibrate...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
Mi Yoon, Sae Bom Won, Young Hye Kwon
AIMS: Substantial studies have reported that maternal protein restriction may induce later development of cardiovascular disease in offspring by impairing antioxidant system and lipid metabolism. Because a unique amino acid composition of soy protein isolate has been shown to provide health benefits, including hypolipidemic effects, we investigated effects of maternal low-protein diet composed of low-isoflavone soy protein isolate (SPI) on oxidative stress and lipid metabolism in offspring...
April 1, 2017: Life Sciences
D Wu, J Xu, J M Peng, L K Ma, S Chen, X G Li, T P Zhang, J M Qian
A 32 year-old woman in the third trimester of pregnancy was admitted for severe acute pancreatitis due to hypertriglyceridemia. During hospitalization she developed multiorgan dysfunction, infected pancreatic necrosis, abdominal compartment syndrome and intrauterine fetal death. She was successfully treated by multidisciplinary team including department of emergency medicine, ICU, gastroenterology, obstetrics, endocrinology, ultrasonography, radiology, infectious disease, nutrition and surgery.
February 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
Lawrence Engmann, Susan Jin, Fangbai Sun, Richard S Legro, Alex J Polotsky, Karl R Hansen, Christos Coutifaris, Michael P Diamond, Esther Eisenberg, Heping Zhang, Nanette Santoro
BACKGROUND: Women with polycystic ovarian syndrome have a high prevalence of metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Blacks and Hispanics have a high morbidity and mortality due to cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus in the general population. Since metabolic syndrome is a risk factor for development of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, understanding any racial and ethnic differences in metabolic syndrome among women with polycystic ovarian syndrome is important for prevention strategies...
May 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Susanna Esposito, Raffaella Pinzani, Genny Raffaeli, Tiziano Lucchi, Carlo Agostoni, Nicola Principi
BACKGROUND: Slight changes in the lipid profile can be observed over the acute phase of infectious diseases. Moreover, some anti-infective drugs can modify serum lipid concentrations, although antibiotics do not seem to have a relevant, direct, or acute effect on the lipid profile. METHODS: A 75-day-old breastfed Caucasian female, born at term after a regular pregnancy, was hospitalized for osteomyelitis. She was immediately treated with intravenous meropenem and vancomycin...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
R Su, W Zhu, Y Wei, C Wang, H Feng, L Lin, M Hod, E Hadar, H Yang
OBJECTIVE: Birth weight is an important indicator for childhood and adulthood diseases. Published studies lack information on the relative contribution of women's own birth weight to the course of her pregnancy, not only for maternal but especially to neonatal outcome. The aim of the study was to evaluate the relationship of maternal birth weight on maternal and perinatal complications during pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: Medical and obstetrical data were collected from 5479 women at 15 hospitals in Beijing, by a systemic cluster sampling survey conducted from 20 June 2013 to 30 November 2013...
December 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Rachel Lim, Sheila J Rodger, T Lee-Ann Hawkins
Pancreatitis related to hypertriglyceridemia can occasionally occur during pregnancy, particularly if there are underlying genetic abnormalities in lipid metabolism. We report the case of a 27-year-old female with hypertriglyceridemic pancreatitis in pregnancy that was treated initially with lipid lowering medications, followed by plasma exchange for persistently elevated triglyceride levels. Despite multiple interventions, she developed recurrent pancreatitis and simultaneously had a preterm birth. In this case report, we highlight the various therapies and the use of plasmapharesis in secondary prevention of hypertriglyceridemic pancreatitis in pregnancy...
December 2015: Obstetric Medicine
Bertha Wong, Teik C Ooi, Erin Keely
Severe gestational hypertriglyceridemia is a potentially life threatening and complex condition to manage, requiring attention to a delicate balance between maternal and fetal needs. During pregnancy, significant alterations to lipid homeostasis occur to ensure transfer of nutrients to the fetus. In women with an underlying genetic predisposition or a secondary exacerbating factor, severe gestational hypertriglyceridemia can arise, leading to devastating complications, including acute pancreatitis. Multidisciplinary care, implementation of a low-fat diet with nutritional support, and institution of a hierarchical therapeutic approach are all crucial to reduce maternal and fetal morbidity...
December 2015: Obstetric Medicine
Gipsis Suárez-Román, Tammy Fernández-Romero, Alfredo J Perera-Calderín, Víctor M Rodríguez-Sosa, Celeste Arranz, Sonia Clapés Hernández
INTRODUCTION: Several epidemiologic studies in humans have shown a relationship between pregestational obesity and congenital malformations in offsprings. However, there are no experimental evidence in animal models of obesity and pregnancy that reproduce the teratogenesis induced by this pathological condition. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of monosodium glutamate-induced obesity on embryonic development. METHODS: Female rats received subcutaneously (4 mg/g body weight) monosodium glutamate (MSG) solution or saline solution 0...
September 2016: Reproductive Sciences
Ji Hyen Lee, Hyeryon Lee, Sang Mi Lee, Pil Je Kang, Kwan Chang Kim, Young Mi Hong
BACKGROUND: There are a number of complications that can occur if there is under-nutrition during pregnancy followed by a period of rapid catch-up growth, including a higher chance of adult obesity, insulin resistance and hypertriglyceridemia. The purposes of this study were to investigate the effects of fetal under-nutrition during late pregnancy and lactation on blood pressure, visceral fat tissue, gene expressions and to evaluate changes after amlodipine- losartan combination treatment...
2016: Clinical Hypertension
Wei-Fen Zhu, Jian-Fang Zhu, Li Liang, Zheng Shen, Ying-Min Wang
Small for gestational age (SGA) at birth increases the risk of developing metabolic syndrome, which encompasses various symptoms including hypertriglyceridemia. The aim of the present study was to determine whether maternal undernutrition during pregnancy may lead to alterations in hepatic triglyceride content and the gene expression levels of hepatic lipoprotein lipase (LPL) in SGA male offspring. The present study focused on the male offspring in order to prevent confounding factors, such as estrus cycle and hormone profile...
May 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Hae Rin Jeon, Suk Young Kim, Yoon Jin Cho, Seung Joo Chon
Acute pancreatitis in pregnancy is rare and occurs in approximately 3 in 10,000 pregnancies. It rarely complicates pregnancy, and can occur during any trimester, however over half (52%) of cases occur during the third trimester and during the post-partum period. Gallstones are the most common cause of acute pancreatitis. On the other hand, acute pancreatitis caused by hypertriglyceridemia due to increase of estrogen during the gestational period is very unusual, but complication carries a higher risk of morbidity and mortality for both the mother and the fetus...
March 2016: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
Jeddú Cruz, Raiden Grandía, Liset Padilla, Suilbert Rodríguez, Pilar Hernández García, Jacinto Lang Prieto, Antonio Márquez-Guillén
INTRODUCTION Fetal macrosomia is the most important complication in infants of women with diabetes, whether preconceptional or gestational. Its occurrence is related to certain maternal and fetal conditions and negatively affects maternal and perinatal outcomes. The definitive diagnosis is made at birth if a newborn weighs >4000 g. OBJECTIVE Identify which maternal and fetal conditions could be macrosomia predictors in infants born to Cuban mothers with gestational diabetes. METHODS A case-control study comprising 236 women with gestational diabetes who bore live infants (118 with macrosomia and 118 without) was conducted in the América Arias University Maternity Hospital, Havana, Cuba, during 2002-2012...
July 2015: MEDICC Review
Chunlan Huang, Jie Liu, Yingying Lu, Junjie Fan, Xingpeng Wang, Jun Liu, Wei Zhang, Yue Zeng
AIM: To analyze the features and treatment of hypertriglyceridemia-induced acute pancreatitis (HTGP) during pregnancy. METHODS: A retrospective study of 21 pregnant women diagnosed with acute pancreatitis (AP) was performed. Patients were divided into acute biliary pancreatitis (ABP), HTGP, and idiopathic groups according to etiology. RESULTS: 95% of the patients were in the third trimester of gestation. The percentage of patients with HTGP was higher than that of ABP (48% vs...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Apheresis
Robert Wild, Elizabeth A Weedin, Edward A Gill
Understanding opportunities to reduce dyslipidemia before, during, and after pregnancy has major implications for cardiovascular disease risk prevention for the entire population. The best time to screen for dyslipidemia is before pregnancy or in the early antenatal period. The differential diagnosis of hypertriglyceridemia in pregnancy is the same as in nonpregnant women except that clinical lipidologists need to be aware of the potential obstetric complications associated with hypertriglyceridemia. Dyslipidemia discovered during pregnancy should be treated with diet and exercise intervention, as well as glycemic control if indicated...
March 2016: Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinics of North America
Ying Liu, Yu Lun, Wenshan Lv, Xu Hou, Yangang Wang
We herein report a novel compound heterozygote of Glu242Lys and Leu252Val in a Chinese patient, characterized by recurrent hypertriglyceridemia-induced acute pancreatitis caused by lipoprotein lipase deficiency. The proband's LPL level after injection of heparin was measured at 184 U/L, considerably lower than the normal controls (382 U/L). Furthermore, LPL activity in the proband was 16.7% of the normal controls. However, the hepatic lipase activity was 80% of the normal controls. These results indicated that the compound mutation was associated with hypertriglyceridemia due to both LPL deficiency and defective LPL function...
January 2016: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
Nabih I El Khouly, Zakaria F Sanad, Said A Saleh, Ayman A Shabana, Alaa F Elhalaby, Eman E Badr
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association of first-trimester serum lipid profile with preeclampsia (PE) and if so, its association with the severity of the disease. STUDY: Prospective cohort study. PATIENT AND METHODS: A total of 251 pregnant women participated in this study in their first trimester. Maternal blood samples were collected between 4 and 12 weeks of gestation. Fasting serum triglycerides (TGs), total cholesterol (TC), HDL-cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) were drawn and measured by ELISA...
2016: Hypertension in Pregnancy
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