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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931265/diagnostic-and-interventional-optical-angioscopy-in-ex-vivo-carotid-arteries
#1
Luis E Savastano, Neeraj Chaudhary, Carlos Murga-Zamalloa, Michael Wang, Thomas Wang, B Gregory Thompson
BACKGROUND: Angioscopy - or endovascular endoscopy - is a catheter-based technique employing a flexible fiberoptic angioscope to directly visualize arterial lumen. Poor resolution and excessive stiffness of pre-existent angioscopes limited their use clinically. Recent advances resulted in novel fused optical fiber bundle angioscopes with improved flexibility and imaging resolution. Use of these devices in endovascular neurosurgery is still largely unexplored. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate image quality and feasibility of optical angioscopes for diagnostic and interventional neuro-angioscopy in carotid arteries of human cadavers...
February 1, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931136/what-proportion-of-international-travellers-acquire-a-travel-related-illness-a-review-of-the-literature
#2
Kristina M Angelo, Phyllis E Kozarsky, Edward T Ryan, Lin H Chen, Mark J Sotir
Introduction: As international travel increases, travellers may be at increased risk of acquiring infectious diseases not endemic in their home countries. Many journal articles and reference books related to travel medicine cite that between 22-64% of international travellers become ill during or after travel; however, this information is minimal, outdated and limited by poor generalizability. We aim to provide a current and more accurate estimate of the proportion of international travellers who acquire a travel-related illness...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931119/aging-in-the-republic-of-bulgaria
#3
Natalie Pitheckoff
Bulgaria, a southeastern European nation with 7.1 million inhabitants, is ranked 4th in the world for its rate of population aging. Bulgaria has one of the highest proportions of older adults in the world with approximately 20% aged 65 and older. Three main demographic factors have led to rapid population aging. These include emigration, high death rates, and low birth rates. This "perfect storm" of demographic factors has created numerous political, social, and economic challenges for Bulgaria. For example, informal support of older adults is declining as younger generations move abroad or to urban areas for greater employment opportunities...
October 1, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931117/migrant-tuberculosis-patient-needs-and-health-system-response-along-the-thailand-myanmar-border
#4
Naomi Tschirhart, Francois Nosten, Angel M Foster
This article aims to identify how the health system in Tak province, Thailand has responded to migrants' barriers to tuberculosis (TB) treatment. Our qualitatively driven multi-methods project utilized focus group discussions, key informant interviews, and a survey of community health volunteers to collect data in 2014 from multiple perspectives. Migrants identified legal status and transportation difficulties as the primary barriers to seeking TB treatment. Lack of financial resources and difficulties locating appropriate and affordable health services in other Thai provinces or across the border in Myanmar further contributed to migrants' challenges...
October 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931040/newborn-skin-reflection-proof-of-concept-for-a-new-approach-for-predicting-gestational-age-at-birth-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Zilma Silveira Nogueira Reis, Gabriela Luiza Nogueira Vitral, Ingrid Michelle Fonseca de Souza, Maria Albertina Santiago Rego, Rodney Nascimento Guimaraes
BACKGROUND: Current methods to assess the gestational age during prenatal care or at birth are a global challenge. Disadvantages, such as low accessibility, high costs, and imprecision of clinical tests and ultrasonography measurements, may compromise health decisions at birth, based on the gestational age. Newborns' organs and tissues can indirectly indicate their physical maturity, and we hypothesized that evolutionary changes in their skin, detected using an optoelectronic device meter, may aid in estimating the gestational age...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931011/individual-versus-group-decision-making-jurors-reliance-on-central-and-peripheral-information-to-evaluate-expert-testimony
#6
Jessica M Salerno, Bette L Bottoms, Liana C Peter-Hagene
To investigate dual-process persuasion theories in the context of group decision making, we studied low and high need-for-cognition (NFC) participants within a mock trial study. Participants considered plaintiff and defense expert scientific testimony that varied in argument strength. All participants heard a cross-examination of the experts focusing on peripheral information (e.g., credentials) about the expert, but half were randomly assigned to also hear central information highlighting flaws in the expert's message (e...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930816/a-comparative-study-of-interprofessional-education-in-global-health-care-a-systematic-review
#7
Chulani Herath, Yangfeng Zhou, Yong Gan, Naomie Nakandawire, Yanghong Gong, Zuxun Lu
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) and its partners identify interprofessional (IP) collaboration in education and practice as an innovative strategy that plays an important role in mitigating the global health workforce crisis. Evidence on the practice of global health level in interprofessional education (IPE) is scarce and hampered due to the absence of aggregate information. Therefore, this systematic review was conducted to examine the incidences of IPE and summarize the main features about the IPE programs in undergraduate and postgraduate education in developed and developing countries...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930814/neurologic-and-functional-morbidity-in-critically-ill-children-with-bronchiolitis
#8
Steven L Shein, Katherine N Slain, Jason A Clayton, Bryan McKee, Alexandre T Rotta, Deanne Wilson-Costello
OBJECTIVES: Neurologic and functional morbidity occurs in ~30% of PICU survivors, and young children may be at particular risk. Bronchiolitis is a common indication for PICU admission among children less than 2 years old. Two single-center studies suggest that greater than 10-25% of critical bronchiolitis survivors have neurologic and functional morbidity but those estimates are 20 years old. We aimed to estimate the burden of neurologic and functional morbidity among more recent bronchiolitis patients using two large, multicenter databases...
September 19, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930788/observation-of-dog-ear-regression-by-anatomical-location
#9
Thomas A Jennings, James C Keane, Rajat Varma, Stephanie B Walsh, Conway C Huang
BACKGROUND: When an excision is performed by a method other than elliptical excision, direct primary wound closure can result in standing cones or "dog-ears." In 2008, Lee and colleagues noted that dog-ears of <8 mm in height have a statistically greater tendency to resolve without further surgical correction than larger dog-ears. OBJECTIVE: To stratify dog-ears by anatomic location and inform on the need for correction at the time of surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After tumor extirpation, patients were counseled that primary closure of the surgical wound would result in dog-ears at the wound apices...
September 19, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930760/medical-education-and-health-care-delivery-a-call-to-better-align-goals-and-purposes
#10
David P Sklar, Paul A Hemmer, Steven J Durning
The transformation of the U.S. health care system is under way, driven by the needs of an aging population, rising health care spending, and the availability of health information. However, the speed and effectiveness of the transformation of health care delivery will depend, in large part, upon engagement of the health professions community and changes in clinicians' practice behaviors. Current efforts to influence practice behaviors emphasize changes in the health payment system with incentives to move from fee-for-service to alternative payment models...
September 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930622/awareness-of-and-knowledge-about-stis-among-nonmedical-students-in-iran
#11
Mohammad Karamouzian, Armita Shahesmaeili, Razieh Khajehkazemi, Samira Hosseini Hooshyar, Homeira Fallahi, Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Hamid Sharifi
CONTEXT: Evidence on STI knowledge among Iranian nonmedical university students is limited. Information is needed to inform research and policies to improve the sexual health of university students in Iran. METHODS: A convenience sample of 742 male and female undergraduate and graduate students was recruited from five nonmedical public and private universities in Iran in 2014. Respondents' awareness of and knowledge about STIs were assessed using a validated questionnaire...
July 7, 2017: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930581/biophysical-mechanisms-complementing-classical-cell-biology
#12
Richard H W Funk
This overview addresses phenomena in cell- and molecular biology which are puzzling by their fast and highly coordinated way of organization. Generally, it appears that informative processes probably involved are more on the biophysical than on the classical biochemical side. The coordination problem is explained within the first part of the review by the topic of endogenous electrical phenomena. These are found e.g. in fast tissue organization and reorganization processes like development, wound healing and regeneration...
January 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930235/current-usage-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-for-breast-cancer-a-narrative-approach-to-the-experiences-of-women-with-breast-cancer-in-australia-a-pilot-study
#13
Dianna Porter, Suzanne Cochrane, Xiaoshu Zhu
Background: The use of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) by breast cancer patients is growing. Few studies have examined the complexity of breast cancer survivors' attitudes, lived experiences, barriers, and perceptions in using TCM as part of their treatment journey. This article examines breast cancer survivors' experiences, perceptions of, and benefits (or not) in using TCM. Methods: Qualitative research, using semi-structured interviews, was the chosen methodology. Results: Participants used TCM as a form of self-help and as a complement, not an alternative, to standard care...
April 21, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930226/shenlinglan-influences-the-attachment-and-migration-of-ovarian-cancer-cells-potentially-through-the-gsk3-pathway
#14
Sioned Owen, Fiona Ruge, Yunong Gao, Ying Yang, Jianqing Hou, Jian Chen, Yi Feng, Huiming Zhang, Yong Gao, Hongtao Wang, Cong Wei, Yiling Wu, Wen G Jiang
Background: Ovarian cancer presents a major clinical challenge in the UK. Glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) has been linked to cancer. This study tested the impact of ShenLingLan (SLDM) on ovarian cancer cell behaviour and its links to GSK-3. Methods: Fresh ovarian tumours (n = 52) were collected and processed. Histopathologcial and clinical information were collected and analysed against GSK-3 transcript levels using quantitative PCR (qPCR). Immortalised ovarian cancer cells' protein alterations in response to SLDM were identified using a Kinexus™ protein kinase array...
February 21, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930165/timeliness-of-childhood-primary-immunization-and-risk-factors-related-with-delays-evidence-from-the-2014-zhejiang-provincial-vaccination-coverage-survey
#15
Yu Hu, Qian Li, Yaping Chen
Background: this study aimed to assess both immunization coverage and timeliness, as well as reasons for non-vaccination, and identity the risk factors of delayed immunization, for the vaccines scheduled during the first year of life, in Zhejiang province, east China. Methods: A cluster survey among children aged 24-35 months was conducted. Demographic information and socio-economic characteristics of the selected child, the mother, and the household were collected. Immunization data were transcribed from immunization cards...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930098/bioimpedance-technology-for-detection-of-thoracic-injury
#16
Ruben Buendia, Stefan Candefjord, Benjamin Sanchez, Hans Granhed, Bengt-Arne Sjöqvist, Per Örtenwall, Eva-Corina Caragounis
Thoracic trauma is one of the most common and lethal types of injury, causing over a quarter of traumatic deaths. Severe thoracic injuries are often occult and difficult to diagnose in the field. There is a need for a point-of-care diagnostic device for severe thoracic injuries in the prehospital setting. Electrical bioimpedance (EBI) is non-invasive, portable, rapid and easy to use technology that can provide objective and quantitative diagnostic information for the prehospital environment. Here, we evaluated the performance of EBI to detect thoracic injuries...
September 20, 2017: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930053/a-descriptive-study-of-the-prevalence-and-typology-of-alcohol-related-posts-in-an-online-social-network-for-smoking-cessation
#17
Amy M Cohn, Kang Zhao, Sarah Cha, Xi Wang, Michael S Amato, Jennifer L Pearson, George D Papandonatos, Amanda L Graham
OBJECTIVE: Alcohol use and problem drinking are associated with smoking relapse and poor smoking-cessation success. User-generated content in online social networks for smoking cessation provides an opportunity to understand the challenges and treatment needs of smokers. This study used machine-learning text classification to identify the prevalence, sentiment, and social network correlates of alcohol-related content in the social network of a large online smoking-cessation program, BecomeAnEX...
September 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929968/c-state-an-interactive-web-app-for-simultaneous-multi-gene-visualization-and-comparative-epigenetic-pattern-search
#18
Divya Tej Sowpati, Surabhi Srivastava, Jyotsna Dhawan, Rakesh K Mishra
BACKGROUND: Comparative epigenomic analysis across multiple genes presents a bottleneck for bench biologists working with NGS data. Despite the development of standardized peak analysis algorithms, the identification of novel epigenetic patterns and their visualization across gene subsets remains a challenge. RESULTS: We developed a fast and interactive web app, C-State (Chromatin-State), to query and plot chromatin landscapes across multiple loci and cell types...
September 13, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929964/-investigation-of-bacterial-and-viral-etiology-in-community-acquired-central-nervous-system-infections-with-molecular-methods
#19
Hasip Kahraman, Alper Tünger, Şebnem Şenol, Hörü Gazi, Meltem Avcı, Bahar Örmen, Nesrin Türker, Sabri Atalay, Şükran Köse, Sercan Ulusoy, Meltem Işıkgöz Taşbakan, Oğuz Reşat Sipahi, Tansu Yamazhan, Zeynep Gülay, Sema Alp Çavuş, Hüsnü Pullukçu
In this multicenter prospective cohort study, it was aimed to evaluate the bacterial and viral etiology in community-acquired central nervous system infections by standart bacteriological culture and multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) methods. Patients hospitalized with central nervous system infections between April 2012 and February 2014 were enrolled in the study. Demographic and clinical information of the patients were collected prospectively. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples of the patients were examined by standart bacteriological culture methods, bacterial multiplex PCR (Seeplex meningitis-B ACE Detection (Streptococcus pneumoniae, Neisseria meningitidis, Haemophilus influenzae, Listeria monocytogenes, Group B streptococci) and viral multiplex PCR (Seeplex meningitis-V1 ACE Detection kits herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV1), herpes simplex virus-2 (HSV2), varicella zoster virus (VZV), cytomegalovirus (CMV), Epstein Barr virus (EBV) and human herpes virus 6 (HHV6)) (Seeplex meningitis-V2 ACE Detection kit (enteroviruses))...
July 2017: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929900/a-review-of-canadian-and-international-dementia-strategies
#20
Cole Edick, Nicole Holland, Jessica Ashbourne, Jacobi Elliott, Paul Stolee
To inform future strategy development in Canada and other jurisdictions, we undertook an Internet search to identify existing national and Canadian provincial dementia strategies and their major themes. Twenty-two dementia strategies were identified through an Internet search, supplemented by hand searches of reference lists of retrieved documents. Thematic analysis identified 17 strategic themes; common themes included improved diagnoses and assessments, increased access to care, and improved education of the healthcare workforce...
January 2017: Healthcare Management Forum
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