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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806318/computed-tomography-image-quality-evaluation-of-a-new-iterative-reconstruction-algorithm-in-the-abdomen-adaptive-statistical-iterative-reconstruction-v-a-comparison-with-model-based-iterative-reconstruction-adaptive-statistical-iterative-reconstruction-and
#1
Martin H Goodenberger, Nicolaus A Wagner-Bartak, Shiva Gupta, Xinming Liu, Ramon Q Yap, Jia Sun, Eric P Tamm, Corey T Jensen
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare abdominopelvic computed tomography images reconstructed with adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction-V (ASIR-V) with model-based iterative reconstruction (Veo 3.0), ASIR, and filtered back projection (FBP). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Abdominopelvic computed tomography scans for 36 patients (26 males and 10 females) were reconstructed using FBP, ASIR (80%), Veo 3.0, and ASIR-V (30%, 60%, 90%). Mean ± SD patient age was 32 ± 10 years with mean ± SD body mass index of 26...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805895/genetic-parameters-of-carcass-and-meat-quality-traits-in-different-muscles-longissimus-dorsi-and-semimembranosus-of-hanwoo-korean-cattle
#2
M S A Bhuiyan, H J Kim, D H Lee, S H Lee, S H Cho, B S Yang, S D Kim, S H Lee
We estimated heritability () and genetic and phenotypic correlations for carcass and meat quality traits of longissimus dorsi (LD) and semimembranosus (SM) muscles in 30-mo-old Hanwoo steers. Variance and covariance components were estimated using REML procedures under univariate and bivariate models. The mean carcass weight (CWT), eye muscle area (EMA), back fat thickness (BFT), and marbling score (MS) were 428.20 ± 46.30 kg, 87.38 ± 8.54 cm2, 13.00 ± 5.14 mm, and 5.21 ± 1.56, respectively. The mean CIE reflectance of meat lightness (L*), redness (a*), and yellowness (b*) were 40...
August 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805759/-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-dorsopathy-in-patients-with-connective-tissue-dysplasia
#3
M L Chukhlovina, A A Chukhlovin
AIM: To study the pathogenesis, clinical manifestations and treatment of dorsopathy in patients with connective tissue dysplasia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-six patients, aged from 18 to 45 years, with lumbar-sacral radiculopathies associated with connective tissue dysplasia were examined. Detailed neurological examination, X-ray visualization and MRI of lumbosacral spine section, electromyographic assessment were performed. A five-point scale of neuro-vertebrological symptoms, the Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) and the Roland-Morris Low Back Pain and Disability Questionnaire were used...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805417/implementing-a-cornerstone-of-culture-change-consistent-staff-assignment-in-vha-community-living-centers
#4
Sonne Lemke, Penny L Brennan, Sonya SooHoo, Kathleen K Schutte
In 2011, the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) began implementing consistent staff assignment in its nursing homes (called Community Living Centers or CLCs). Consistent assignment, a cornerstone of culture change, minimizes the number of staff who provide a resident's care. The present research assessed the level and stability of consistent assignment in units within VHA CLCs and identified unit characteristics related to implementation of this staff assignment model. Schedulers in 185 of 335 organizational units that make up VHA CLCs completed a Staffing Practices Survey...
August 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804617/-typical-chiropractic-patients-can-they-be-described-in-terms-of-recovery-patterns
#5
Iben Axén, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde
BACKGROUND: Chiropractors expect the typical patient to recover fully or to improve quickly with treatment if relapses occur. However, a mismatch between expectations and outcome would have a negative effect on both the chiropractors' professional self-esteem and patients' satisfaction with care. The prevalence of three types of recovery patterns among patients with non-specific low back pain (LBP) was calculated: 1: A full sustained recovery. 2: Initial recovery, but with one or several relapses followed by a period of recovery...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804504/efficacy-of-auricular-acupressure-for-chronic-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#6
REVIEW
Li-Hua Yang, Pei-Bei Duan, Qing-Mei Hou, Shi-Zheng Du, Jin-Fang Sun, Si-Juan Mei, Xiao-Qing Wang
OBJECTIVES: To identify the efficacy of auricular acupressure on pain and disability for chronic LBP by systematic review. METHODS: A search of randomized controlled trials was conducted in four English medical electronic databases and three Chinese databases. Two reviewers independently retrieved related studies, assessed the methodological quality, and extracted data with a standardized data form. Meta-analyses were performed using all time-points meta-analysis...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803929/an-uncommon-cause-of-low-back-pain
#7
Daniel M Golovko, Jeffrey B Knox
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 10, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803709/low-back-pain-identifying-sub-groups-clinical-prediction-rules-and-measuring-results
#8
REVIEW
Alan Breen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 3, 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803704/effectiveness-of-graded-activity-versus-physiotherapy-in-patients-with-chronic-nonspecific-low-back-pain-midterm-follow-up-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Maurício Oliveira Magalhães, Josielli Comachio, Paulo Henrique Ferreira, Evangelos Pappas, Amélia Pasqual Marques
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is a major health and economic problem worldwide. Graded activity and physiotherapy are commonly used interventions for nonspecific low back pain. However, there is currently little evidence to support the use of one intervention over the other in the medium-term. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of graded activity exercises to physiotherapy-based exercises at mid-term (three and six months' post intervention) in patients with chronic nonspecific LBP...
July 12, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803009/involvement-of-plasma-adipokines-in-metabolic-and-reproductive-parameters-in-holstein-dairy-cows-fed-with-diets-with-differing-energy-levels
#10
N Mellouk, C Rame, J L Touzé, E Briant, L Ma, D Guillaume, D Lomet, A Caraty, T Ntallaris, P Humblot, J Dupont
This study aimed to investigate the association between plasma adipokine concentrations and metabolic and reproductive parameters in Holstein dairy cows fed diets with different energy levels during the peripartum period. The experiment started 1 mo before first calving and was maintained for 2 lactations. Dry matter intake and energy balance in animals fed a low-energy (LE) diet were significantly lower than that of animals fed a high-energy (HE) diet in the first lactation. Body weight, milk production, back fat thickness, and plasma concentrations of fatty acids, glucose, and insulin were not affected by diet, whereas plasma leptin and adiponectin concentrations were lower and plasma resistin concentrations higher in animals fed the LE diet...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802523/development-of-a-split-flow-system-for-high-precision-variable-sample-introduction-in-supercritical-fluid-chromatography
#11
Miho Sakai, Yoshihiro Hayakawa, Yasuhiro Funada, Takashi Ando, Eiichiro Fukusaki, Takeshi Bamba
In this study, we propose a novel variable sample injection system based on full-loop injection, named the split-flow sample introduction system, for application in supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC). In this system, the mobile phase is split by the differential pressure between two back pressure regulators (BPRs) after full-loop injection suitable for SFC, and this differential pressure determines the introduction rate. Nine compounds with a wide range of characteristics were introduced with high reproducibility and universality, confirming that a robust variable sample injection system was achieved...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802371/how-can-we-improve-medical-adherence-to-intranasal-corticosteroids-in-children
#12
Emre Ocak, Deniz Kocaoz, Baran Acar
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the factors which may be related to nonadherence to intranasal corticosteroids (ICS) in the treatment of allergic rhinitis (AR) in children. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted on children with AR diagnosis in a tertiary referral hospital. All participants were provided with mometasone furoate nasal sprays for 30 days after the diagnosis. Caregivers were called back when the therapy was over and completed a questionnaire about the factors that may influence the adherence to the treatment...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802087/variant-histology-igd-and-cd30-expression-in-low-risk-pediatric-nodular-lymphocyte-predominant-hodgkin-lymphoma-a-report-from-the-children-s-oncology-group
#13
Ramona Vesna Untanu, Jason Back, Burton Appel, Qinglin Pei, Lu Chen, Allen Buxton, David C Hodgson, Peter F Ehrlich, Louis S Constine, Cindy L Schwartz, Robert E Hutchison
BACKGROUND: Histologic prognostic factors have been described for nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin lymphoma (NLPHL). This study examines histologic and immunophenotypic variants in a clinical trial for pediatric NLPHL. PROCEDURE: One hundred sixty-eight cases of localized NLPHL were examined for histologic variants, CD30 and immunoglobulin D (IgD) expression, and outcome. Histologic types were scored categorically as 0 = 0, 1 ≤ 25%, and 2 > 25% of the sample...
August 12, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800484/characteristics-of-elemental-and-pb-isotopic-compositions-in-aerosols-pm10-2-5-at-the-ieodo-ocean-research-station-in-the-east-china-sea
#14
Sanghee Lee, Changhee Han, Daechol Shin, Soon Do Hur, Seong Joon Jun, Young-Taeg Kim, Do-Seong Byun, Sungmin Hong
A total of 82 aerosol samples (PM10-2.5) were collected from June 18, 2015 to October 1, 2016 at the remote sea site, the Ieodo Ocean Research Station (IORS), in the East China Sea. Samples were analyzed for 10 elements (Al, Fe, Cu, Zn, As, Mo, Cd, Sb, Tl, and Pb) as well as Pb isotopic composition to characterize temporal variations in elemental concentration levels, and to identify the potential source regions of atmospheric pollutants transported over the remote East China Sea. The results showed that the annual average element concentrations were lowest compared to those at different sites in East Asia, suggesting a very clean background area of IORS, with values ranging from 114 ng m(-3) for Al to 0...
August 8, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800443/a-novel-approach-to-spinal-3-d-kinematic-assessment-using-inertial-sensors-towards-effective-quantitative-evaluation-of-low-back-pain-in-clinical-settings
#15
Sajad Ashouri, Mohsen Abedi, Masoud Abdollahi, Farideh Dehghan Manshadi, Mohamad Parnianpour, Kinda Khalaf
This paper presents a novel approach for evaluating LBP in various settings. The proposed system uses cost-effective inertial sensors, in conjunction with pattern recognition techniques, for identifying sensitive classifiers towards discriminate identification of LB patients. 24 healthy individuals and 28 low back pain patients performed trunk motion tasks in five different directions for validation. Four combinations of these motions were selected based on literature, and the corresponding kinematic data was collected...
August 4, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800306/acute-effects-of-kinesio-taping-on-pain-disability-and-back-extensor-muscle-endurance-in-patients-with-low-back-pain-caused-by-magnetic-resonance-imaging-confirmed-lumbar-disc-degeneration
#16
Nai-Jen Chang, Willy Chou, Pei-Chi Hsiao, Wen-Dien Chang, Yi-Ming Lo
BACKGROUND: Individuals with disc degeneration experience associated pain and disability. Considering its safety and affordability, Kinesio tape (KT) may be a viable treatment. However, most KT studies have demonstrated its effects in healthy adults and patients with nonspecific low back pain. The efficacy of KT in patients with disc degeneration is yet to be investigated. OBJECTIVES: To examine the acute effects of KT on patients with lumbar disc degeneration confirmed through magnetic resonance imaging...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800302/the-effect-of-pain-severity-on-postural-stability-and-dynamic-limits-of-stability-in-chronic-low-back-pain
#17
Elsadat Saad Soliman, Tamer Mohamed Shousha, Mohamed Salaheldien Alayat
BACKGROUND: Deficits of dynamic balance in chronic low back pain patients have been reported by different studies in terms of impaired postural control. However, they excluded the degree of pain as a determinant affecting dynamic balance. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of pain intensity on dynamic balance control in terms of postural stability indices (PSIs) and limits of stability (LOS) in chronic LBP patients. METHODS: Sixty subjects (38 men, 22 women) participated in the current study, 45 patients with chronic LBP were selected randomly and served as the chronic LBP group while 15 healthy subjects served as the asymptomatic group (AS)...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798892/a-novel-combined-mother-infant-clinic-to-optimize-post-partum-maternal-retention-service-utilization-and-linkage-to-services-in-hiv-care-in-rural-rwanda
#18
Neza Guillaine, Wilberforce Mwizerwa, Jackline Odhiambo, Bethany L Hedt-Gauthier, Lisa R Hirschhorn, Placidie Mugwaneza, Jean Paul Umugisha, Felix Rwabukwisi Cyamatare, Christine Mutaganzwa, Neil Gupta
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Despite recent improvements in accessibility of services to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV, maternal retention in HIV care remains a challenge in the post-partum period. This study assessed service utilization, program retention, and linkage to routine services, as well as clinical outcomes for mothers and infants, following implementation of an integrated mother-infant clinic in rural Rwanda. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all HIV-positive mothers and their infants enrolled in the integrated clinics in two rural districts between July 1, 2012, and June 30, 2013...
2017: International Journal of MCH and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798688/establishment-and-characterization-of-a-novel-rat-model-of-mechanical-low-back-pain-using-behavioral-pharmacologic-and-histologic-methods
#19
Arjun Muralidharan, Thomas S W Park, John T Mackie, Luiz G S Gimenez, Andy Kuo, Janet R Nicholson, Laura Corradini, Maree T Smith
Chronic low back pain (LBP), the leading cause of disability globally, is notoriously difficult to treat. Most rodent models of LBP mimic lumbar radicular pain rather than mechanical LBP. Here, we describe establishment of a new rat model of mechanical LBP that is devoid of a neuropathic component. Groups of adult male Sprague Dawley rats were anesthetized and their lumbar L4/L5 and L5/L6 intervertebral disks (IVDs) were punctured (0.5 mm outer diameter, 2mm-deep) 5 (LPB-5X), or 10 (LBP-10X) times per disk...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798035/red-flags-or-red-herrings-redefining-the-role-of-red-flags-in-low-back-pain-to-reduce-overimaging
#20
EDITORIAL
Gilat L Grunau, Ben Darlow, Timothy Flynn, Kieran O'Sullivan, Peter B O'Sullivan, Bruce B Forster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 10, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
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