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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777024/characterization-of-p-glycoprotein-humanized-mice-generated-by-chromosome-engineering-technology-its-utility-for-prediction-of-drug-distribution-to-the-brain-in-humans
#1
Yuki Yamasaki, Kaoru Kobayashi, Fuka Okuya, Naoyo Kajitani, Kanako Kazuki, Satoshi Abe, Shoko Takehara, Shingo Ito, Seiryo Ogata, Tatsuki Uemura, Sumio Ohtsuki, Genki Minegishi, Hidetaka Akita, Kan Chiba, Mitsuo Oshimura, Yasuhiro Kazuki
P-glycoprotein (P-gp), encoded by the MDR1 gene in humans and by the Mdr1a/1b genes in rodents, is expressed in numerous tissues and plays as an efflux pump to limit the distribution and absorption of many drugs. Owing to species differences of P-gp between humans and rodents, it is difficult to predict the impact of P-gp on pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution of P-gp substrates in humans from results of animal experiments. Therefore, we generated a novel P-gp humanized mouse model by using a mouse artificial chromosome (MAC) vector [designated human MDR1-MAC (hMDR1-MAC) mice]...
May 18, 2018: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776730/development-of-human-derived-hemoglobin-albumin-microspheres-as-oxygen-carriers-using-shirasu-porous-glass-membrane-emulsification
#2
Seiichi Ohta, Kenichiro Hashimoto, Xiaoting Fu, Masamichi Kamihira, Yasuyuki Sakai, Taichi Ito
Novel hemoglobin-based artificial oxygen carriers are necessary in tissue engineering. We developed human hemoglobin (hHb) and albumin (HSA)-based microspheres using Shirasu porous glass (SPG) membrane emulsification. The obtained microspheres had a uniform size with an average diameter of 15.1 μm measured by optical microscope, which is similar to the diameter of human red blood cells (7-8 μm). The loading amount of hHb in the microspheres was 20 wt%, which is similar to that of red blood cells (33 wt%)...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776384/competence-of-mosquitoes-native-to-the-united-kingdom-to-support-replication-and-transmission-of-rift-valley-fever-virus
#3
Sarah Lumley, Luis M Hernández-Triana, Daniel L Horton, Maria Del Mar Fernández de Marco, Jolyon M Medlock, Roger Hewson, Anthony R Fooks, Nicholas Johnson
BACKGROUND: Rift Valley fever phlebovirus (RVFV) is a mosquito-borne arbovirus causing severe disease in humans and livestock. It is endemic in Africa and spread to the Arabian Peninsula in 2000 raising concerns it could emerge in Europe. The ability of temperate mosquitoes from the United Kingdom (UK) to support replication and transmission of RVFV is unknown. METHODS: In this study, two colonised lines of Culex pipiens, wild-caught Aedes detritus and Ae. rusticus from the UK were infected with pathogenic strains of RVFV to assess their vector competence...
May 18, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775852/biomimetic-magnetoelectric-nanocrystals-synthesized-by-polymerization-of-heme-as-advanced-nanomaterials-for-biosensing-application
#4
Jeong Eun Hyeon, Da Woon Jeong, Young Jin Ko, Seung Wook Kim, Chulhwan Park, Sung Ok Han
Regardless of the malaria disease risk, the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum has an interesting mechanism. During its growth within the red blood cell, toxic free heme is converted into an insoluble crystalline form called the malaria pigment, or hemozoin. In particular, natural hemozoin nanocrystals can provide multiple applications in biosensing fields for health care and diagnosis as similar to artificial metal nanoparticles. In this study, the heme was biologically synthesized and polymerized by Corynebacterium glutamicum and final polymer was applied as a biomimetic conductive biopolymer...
May 10, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775015/-the-safety-study-of-percutaneous-dilational-tracheostomy-in-a-large-sample
#5
X Zhai, J L Zhang, J C He, G Liu
Objective: The aim of this study is to analyze the safety of a large number cases of percutaneous dilatation tracheostomy. Method: Retrospective analyzed the clinical data of PDT (1 200 cases) and TT (326 cases) patients which were recruited. The postoperative complications were analyzed statistically. PDT and TT randomized controlled trials (PDT and TT) were conducted with 80 cases in each group. The intraoperative conditions (including operative time, intraoperative bleeding volume and incision size) and postoperative complications in the two groups were statistically analyzed...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774608/virion-like-membrane-breaking-nanoparticles-with-tumor-activated-cell-and-tissue-dual-penetration-conquer-impermeable-cancer
#6
Xiao Zhang, Xianghui Xu, Yachao Li, Cheng Hu, Zhijun Zhang, Zhongwei Gu
Poor drug penetration into tumor cells and tissues is a worldwide difficulty in cancer therapy. A strategy is developed for virion-like membrane-breaking nanoparticles (MBNs) to smoothly accomplish tumor-activated cell-and-tissue dual-penetration for surmounting impermeable drug-resistant cancer. Tailor-made dendritic arginine-rich peptide prodrugs are designed to mimic viral protein transduction domains and globular protein architectures. Attractively, these protein mimics self-assemble into virion-like nanoparticles in aqueous solution, having highly ordered secondary structure...
May 17, 2018: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769076/insemination-with-border-disease-virus-infected-semen-results-in-seroconversion-in-cows-but-not-persistent-infection-in-fetuses
#7
Ueli Braun, Fredi Janett, Sandra Züblin, Michèle von Büren, Monika Hilbe, Reto Zanoni, Matthias Schweizer
BACKGROUND: This study examined various health variables in cows after artificial insemination with Border disease virus (BDV)-infected semen and the occurrence of persistent infection in ensuing fetuses. Five cows were inseminated (day 0) with BDV-infected semen as well as with semen from a fertile Eringer bull. One cow, inseminated with virus-free semen only, served as a control. Clinical examination, assessment of eating and rumination activities, measurement of intraruminal temperature and leukocyte count were used to monitor the health of the cows...
May 16, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768707/albumin-apheresis-for-artificial-liver-support-in-vitro-testing-of-a-novel-filter
#8
Tomasz Piatek, Joanna Giebultowicz, Marieke Rüth, Horst-Dieter Lemke, Florian Bonn, Piotr Wroczynski, Piotr Malkowski, Jacek Rozga
Currently there is no direct therapy for liver failure. We have previously described selective plasma exchange therapy using a hemofilter permeable to substances that have a molecular mass of up to 100 kDa. The proof-of-concept studies and a Phase I study in patients with decompensated cirrhosis demonstrated that hemofiltration using an albumin-leaking membrane is safe and effective in removing target molecules, alleviating severe encephalopathy and improving blood chemistry. In this study a novel large-pore filter for similar clinical application is described...
May 16, 2018: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763785/exposure-to-progesterone-previous-to-the-protocol-of-ovulation-synchronization-increases-the-follicular-diameter-and-the-fertility-of-suckled-bos-indicus-cows
#9
L M S Simões, R E Orlandi, J P M Massoneto, L A Scandiuzzi, B G Freitas, M R Bastos, J C Souza, J N S Sales
The objective was to evaluate the effect of injectable progesterone previous to the timed artificial insemination (TAI) protocol on follicular growth, ovulation and pregnancy rate of suckled Bos indicus cows. In experiment 1, 10 days before the beginning to TAI protocol (D-10), 431 suckled-anestrus Nelore cows (249 multiparous and 182 primiparous), were allocated to one of three treatments groups (control, P4i and P4iGnRH). At this moment, cows in the P4i and P4iGnRH group received 150 mg of injectable progesterone intramuscularly (Sincrogest injetável® , Ouro Fino, Brazil)...
May 3, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762845/peritoneal-dialysis-effectively-removes-toxic-substances-and-improves-liver-functions-of-liver-failure-patients
#10
W-X Zhao, X-M Liu, C-M Yu, H Xu, J-R Dai, H-Y Chen, L Li, F Chen, Y-L Ou, Z-K Zhao
OBJECTIVE: Liver failure (LF) is a clinically complex disorder that characterizes with hepatic dysfunction. This study aimed at observing the therapeutic effects of peritoneal dialysis on liver function in LF patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study involves 62 patients diagnosed as LF hospitalized from February 2005 to December 2016. The 62 LF patients were randomly divided into 3 groups, including artificial liver applying plasma exchange group (PE, n = 28), peritoneal dialysis group (PD, n = 22), and conservative treatment group (CT, n=12)...
April 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761957/-the-research-of-near-infrared-blood-glucose-measurement-using-particle-swarm-optimization-and-artificial-neural-network
#11
Juan Dai, Zhong Ji, Yubao Du
Existing near-infrared non-invasive blood glucose detection modelings mostly detect multi-spectral signals with different wavelength, which is not conducive to the popularization of non-invasive glucose meter at home and does not consider the physiological glucose dynamics of individuals. In order to solve these problems, this study presented a non-invasive blood glucose detection model combining particle swarm optimization (PSO) and artificial neural network (ANN) by using the 1 550 nm near-infrared absorbance as the independent variable and the concentration of blood glucose as the dependent variable, named as PSO-2ANN...
August 1, 2017: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761422/computational-pre-surgical-planning-of-arterial-patch-reconstruction-parametric-limits-and-in-vitro-validation
#12
S Samaneh Lashkarinia, Senol Piskin, Tijen A Bozkaya, Ece Salihoglu, Can Yerebakan, Kerem Pekkan
Surgical treatment of congenital heart disease (CHD) involves complex vascular reconstructions utilizing artificial and native surgical materials. A successful surgical reconstruction achieves an optimal hemodynamic profile through the graft in spite of the complex post-operative vessel growth pattern and the altered pressure loading. This paper proposes a new in silico patient-specific pre-surgical planning framework for patch reconstruction and investigates its computational feasibility. The proposed protocol is applied to the patch repair of main pulmonary artery (MPA) stenosis in the Tetralogy of Fallot CHD template...
May 14, 2018: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757746/biomedical-materials-learn-to-heal-themselves-self-healing-polymers-hydrogels-and-artificial-muscles-are-mimicking-nature-s-repair-mechanisms
#13
David L Chandler
Maintaining sterility in emergency and operating rooms can be challenging, especially in cases of highly infectious disease outbreaks or toxic spills. A simple nick in a surgical glove under such circumstances could have deadly consequences. But, now, a variety of promising new materials in development may lead to everything from self-healing gloves and bandages to bone, blood vessel, and muscle scaffolding implants that could repair themselves the way tissues do. In some cases, repair might be triggered by an external stimulus, such as heat; in other cases, these materials would naturally heal by themselves over time...
May 2018: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754506/hirsutella-sinensis-inhibits-lewis-lung-cancer-via-tumor-microenvironment-effector-t-cells-in-mice
#14
Huiying Fu, Lu Jin, Xia Shao, Yuanyuan Li, Fangming Chen, Zhiqiang Shou, Xiaofang Tang, Bing Ji, Qiyang Shou
Hirsutella sinensis fungus (HSF) is an artificial substitute of the well-known medicine Cordyceps sinensis with similar beneficial effects in humans. We previously found that HSF can regulate immune function and inhibit tumor growth; however, the mechanisms involved in these effects were still unclear. Accordingly, in this study, we investigated the effects of HSF on immune cell subsets in the tumor microenvironment in mice. The results showed that HSF inhibited Lewis lung cancer growth, alleviated abnormalities in routine blood tests, and enhanced tumor-infiltrating T cells, particularly the proportion of effector CD8[Formula: see text] T cells...
May 13, 2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753263/the-hirisplex-s-system-for-eye-hair-and-skin-colour-prediction-from-dna-introduction-and-forensic-developmental-validation
#15
Lakshmi Chaitanya, Krystal Breslin, Sofia Zuñiga, Laura Wirken, Ewelina Pośpiech, Magdalena Kukla-Bartoszek, Titia Sijen, Peter de Knijff, Fan Liu, Wojciech Branicki, Manfred Kayser, Susan Walsh
Forensic DNA Phenotyping (FDP), i.e. the prediction of human externally visible traits from DNA, has become a fast growing subfield within forensic genetics due to the intelligence information it can provide from DNA traces. FDP outcomes can help focus police investigations in search of unknown perpetrators, who are generally unidentifiable with standard DNA profiling. Therefore, we previously developed and forensically validated the IrisPlex DNA test system for eye colour prediction and the HIrisPlex system for combined eye and hair colour prediction from DNA traces...
April 12, 2018: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751949/platelet-storage-lesions-what-more-do-we-know-now
#16
REVIEW
Monica Suet Ying Ng, John-Paul Tung, John Francis Fraser
Platelet concentrate (PC) transfusions are a lifesaving adjunct to control and prevent bleeding in cancer, hematologic, surgical, and trauma patients. Platelet concentrate availability and safety are limited by the development of platelet storage lesions (PSLs) and risk of bacterial contamination. Platelet storage lesions are a series of biochemical, structural, and functional changes that occur from blood collection to transfusion. Understanding of PSLs is key for devising interventions that prolong PC shelf life to improve PC access and wastage...
April 17, 2018: Transfusion Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749910/a-novel-low-cost-reusable-high-fidelity-neurosurgical-training-simulator-for-cerebrovascular-bypass-surgery
#17
Ulas Cikla, Balkan Sahin, Sahin Hanalioglu, Azam S Ahmed, David Niemann, Mustafa K Baskaya
OBJECTIVE Cerebrovascular bypass surgery is a challenging yet important neurosurgical procedure that is performed to restore circulation in the treatment of carotid occlusive diseases, giant/complex aneurysms, and skull base tumors. It requires advanced microsurgical skills and dedicated training in microsurgical techniques. Most available training tools, however, either lack the realism of the actual bypass surgery (e.g., artificial vessel, chicken wing models) or require special facilities and regulations (e...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748048/discovery-of-novel-anti-tuberculosis-agents-with-pyrrolo-1-2-a-quinoxaline-based-scaffold
#18
Ting Wang, Yunxiang Tang, Yang Yang, Qi An, Zitai Sang, Tao Yang, Pingxian Liu, Tianyu Zhang, Yong Deng, Youfu Luo
A series of small molecules with novel pyrrolo[1,2-a]quinoxaline-based scaffold was designed via molecular hybridization of privileged agents active against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Twenty-three compounds were synthesized and investigated for their antitubercular activities in vitro where ten compounds showed appreciable activities and moderate cytotoxicity. Compound 12g with MIC values of 5 μg/ml as a representative may possess better oral bioavailability and indicated high permeability by the parallel artificial membrane permeation assay of the blood-brain barrier (PAMPA-BBB)...
May 2, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747693/blood-hyperviscosity-identification-with-reflective-spectroscopy-of-tongue-tip-based-on-principal-component-analysis-combining-artificial-neural-network
#19
Ming Liu, Jing Zhao, XiaoZuo Lu, Gang Li, Taixia Wu, LiFu Zhang
BACKGROUND: With spectral methods, noninvasive determination of blood hyperviscosity in vivo is very potential and meaningful in clinical diagnosis. In this study, 67 male subjects (41 health, and 26 hyperviscosity according to blood sample analysis results) participate. METHODS: Reflectance spectra of subjects' tongue tips is measured, and a classification method bases on principal component analysis combined with artificial neural network model is built to identify hyperviscosity...
May 10, 2018: Biomedical Engineering Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745944/pegylated-graphene-oxide-mediated-quercetin-modified-collagen-hybrid-scaffold-for-enhancement-of-mscs-differentiation-potential-and-diabetic-wound-healing
#20
Jing Chu, Panpan Shi, Wenxia Yan, Jinping Fu, Zhi Yang, Chengmin He, Xiaoyuan Deng, Hanping Liu
Nanoscale delivery based on polyethylene glycol (PEG)ylated graphene oxide (GO-PEG) merits attention for biomedical applications owing to its functional surface modification, superior solubility/biocompatibility and controllable drug release capability. However, impaired skin regeneration in applications of these fascinating nanomaterials in diabetes is still limited, and critical issues need to be addressed regarding insufficient collagen hyperplasia and inadequate blood supply. Therefore, a high-performance tissue engineering scaffold with biocompatible and biodegradable properties is essential for diabetic wound healing...
May 10, 2018: Nanoscale
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