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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821948/mucilaginibacter-ginsenosidivorans-sp-nov-isolated-from-soil-of-ginseng-field
#1
Minseok M Kim, Muhammad Zubair Siddiqi, Wan-Taek Im
A Gram-reaction-negative, aerobic, nonmotile, nonspore-forming, and rod-shaped bacterial strain designated Gsoil 3017(T) was isolated from soil of ginseng field and investigated by phenotypic and phylogenetic analyses. Strain Gsoil 3017(T) grew at 10-37 °C (optimal growth at 30 °C) and at pH 5.5-8.0 (optimal growth at pH 7) on R2A and nutrient agar without additional NaCl as a supplement. Strain Gsoil 3017(T) possessed β-glucosidase activity, which was responsible for its ability to transform ginsenosides Rb1, Rc, and Rd (the three dominant active components of ginseng) to F2 and C-K, respectively...
August 18, 2017: Current Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821809/impact-of-varying-social-experiences-during-life-history-on-behaviour-gene-expression-and-vasopressin-receptor-gene-methylation-in-mice
#2
Carina Bodden, Daniel van den Hove, Klaus-Peter Lesch, Norbert Sachser
Both negative and positive social experiences during sensitive life phases profoundly shape brain and behaviour. Current research is therefore increasingly focusing on mechanisms mediating the interaction between varying life experiences and the epigenome. Here, male mice grew up under either adverse or beneficial conditions until adulthood, when they were subdivided into groups exposed to situations that either matched or mismatched previous conditions. It was investigated whether the resulting four life histories were associated with changes in anxiety-like behaviour, gene expression of selected genes involved in anxiety and stress circuits, and arginine vasopressin receptor 1a (Avpr1a) gene methylation...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821552/differences-in-temperature-and-water-chemistry-shape-distinct-diversity-patterns-in-thermophilic-microbial-communities
#3
Cecilia M Chiriac, Edina Szekeres, Knut Rudi, Andreea Baricz, Adriana Hegedus, Nicolae Dragoş, Cristian Coman
This study presents the biodiversity and ecology of microbial mats developed in thermal gradients (20-65 °C) in the surroundings of three drillings (CH, CI, MB) tapping a hyperthermal aquifer from Romania. Using a metabarcoding approach, 16S rRNA genes were sequenced from both DNA and RNA transcripts (cDNA) and compared. The relationships between the microbial diversity and the physico-chemical factors were explored. Additionally, the cDNA data was used for in silico functionality predictions, bringing new insights into the functional potential and dynamics of these communities...
August 18, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821188/panmixia-and-limited-interspecific-introgression-in-coyotes-canis-latrans-from-west-virginia-and-virginia-usa
#4
Justin H Bohling, Lauren L Mastro, Jennifer R Adams, Eric M Gese, Sheldon F Owen, Lisette P Waits
The expansion of coyotes (Canis latrans) into the eastern United States has had major consequences for ecological communities and wildlife managers. Despite this, there has been little investigation of the genetics of coyotes across much of this region, especially outside of the northeast. Understanding patterns of genetic structure and interspecific introgression would provide insights into the colonization history of the species, its response to the modern environment, and interactions with other canids. We examined the genetic characteristics of 121 coyotes from the mid-Atlantic states of West Virginia and Virginia by genotyping 17 polymorphic nuclear DNA microsatellite loci...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Heredity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820351/genomic-and-chromatin-features-shaping-meiotic-double-strand-break-formation-and-repair-in-mice
#5
Shintaro Yamada, Seoyoung Kim, Sam E Tischfield, Maria Jasin, Julian Lange, Scott Keeney
The SPO11-generated DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) that initiate meiotic recombination occur non-randomly across genomes, but mechanisms shaping their distribution and repair remain incompletely understood. Here, we expand on recent studies of nucleotide-resolution DSB maps in mouse spermatocytes. We find that trimethylation of histone H3 lysine 36 around DSB hotspots is highly correlated, both spatially and quantitatively, with trimethylation of H3 lysine 4, consistent with coordinated formation and action of both PRDM9-dependent histone modifications...
August 18, 2017: Cell Cycle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820292/p53-binding-sites-in-normal-and-cancer-cells-are-characterized-by-distinct-chromatin-context
#6
Feifei Bao, Peter R LoVerso, Jeffrey N Fisk, Victor B Zhurkin, Feng Cui
The tumor suppressor protein p53 interacts with DNA in a sequence-dependent manner. Thousands of p53 binding sites have been mapped genome-wide in normal and cancer cells. However, the way p53 selectively binds its cognate sites in different types of cells is not fully understood. Here, we performed a comprehensive analysis of 25 published p53 cistromes and identified 3,551 and 6,039 'high-confidence' binding sites in normal and cancer cells, respectively. Our analysis revealed two distinct epigenetic features underlying p53-DNA interactions in vivo...
August 18, 2017: Cell Cycle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820126/adhaeribacter-terrae-sp-nov-a-novel-bacterium-isolated-from-soil
#7
Nabil Elderiny, Jae-Jin Lee, Yeon-Hee Lee, Su-Jin Park, Seung-Yeol Lee, Sangkyu Park, Young-Je Cho, Leonid N Ten, Hee-Young Jung
Strain HY02T was isolated from a soil sample collected at Namyangju-si, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea. Cells of this strain were observed to be Gram-stain-negative, short and rod-shaped. Colonies were red in colour. A 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis identified this strain as a member of the genus Adhaeribacter in the family Cytophagaceae, with the highest level of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to Adhaeribacter terreus DNG6T (98.08 %). This strain was positive for oxidase but negative for catalase activity and acid production from glucose...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820124/bacillus-wudalianchiensis-sp-nov-isolated-from-grass-soils-of-the-wudalianchi-scenic-area
#8
Bo Liu, Guo-Hong Liu, Cetin Sengonca, Peter Schumann, Jie-Ping Wang, Yu-Jing Zhu, Hai-Feng Zhang
A Gram-stain-positive, rod-shaped, endospore-forming, aerobic bacterium, designated FJAT-27215T, was isolated from grass soil collected from Wudalianchi in the Heilongjiang Province of China. Growth was observed at 10-60 °C (optimum 30 °C), in 0 and 3.0 % NaCl (optimum 0 %) and at pH 5.0-10.0 (optimum 7.0), respectively. The cell-wall peptidoglycan contained meso-diaminopimelic acid and the isoprenoid quinone was MK7. The main fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C17 : 0, and iso-C16 : 0...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820121/aureimonas-endophytica-sp-nov-a-novel-endophytic-bacterium-isolated-from-aegiceras-corniculatum
#9
Fei-Na Li, Li Tuo, Zhen Pan, Min Guo, Simon Ming-Yuen Lee, Li Chen, Lin Hu, Cheng-Hang Sun
A Gram-negative, motile, aerobic and coccoid rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain 2T4P-2-4T, was isolated from a piece of surface-sterilized bark of Aegiceras corniculatum collected from Cotai Ecological Zones in Macao, China, and tested by a polyphasic approach to clarify its taxonomic position. Strain 2T4P-2-4T grew optimally without NaCl at 28-30 °C, pH 7.0-8.0. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain 2T4P-2-4T had the highest similarity (96.2 %) to Aureimonas rubiginis CC-CFT034T. Phylogenetic analysis showed that the strain grouped with species of the genus Aureimonas...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820119/blastomonas-fulva-sp-nov-aerobic-photosynthetic-bacteria-isolated-from-a-microcystis-culture
#10
Hyung-Gwan Lee, So-Ra Ko, Jun-Woo Lee, Chang Soo Lee, Chi-Yong Ahn, Hee-Mock Oh, Long Jin
Two Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-motile, non-spore-forming and rod-shaped bacteria, designated strains T2T and T5, were isolated from a culture of Microcystis from Daejeon, Republic of Korea. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence studies placed the new isolates in the class Alphaproteobacteria and, notably, most closely related to Blastomonasaquatica PE 4-5T, Blastomonas natatoria DSM 3183T and Blastomonas ursincola KR-99T showing 99.4 %, 98.2 % and 97.9 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities, respectively...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820118/arcobacter-haliotis-sp-nov-isolated-from-abalone-species-haliotis-gigantea
#11
Reiji Tanaka, Ilse Cleenwerck, Yukino Mizutani, Shunpei Iehata, Peter Bossier, Peter Vandamme
A Gram-negative, aerobic, polar-flagellated and rod-shaped, sometimes slightly curved bacterium, designated MA5T, was isolated from the gut of an abalone of the species Haliotis gigantea collected in Japan. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA, gyrB, hsp60 and rpoB gene sequences placed strain MA5T in the genus Arcobacter in an independent phylogenetic line. Comparison of the 16S rRNA gene sequence of this strain with those of the type strains of the established Arcobacter species revealed A. nitrofigilis (95...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820117/mucilaginibacter-rubeus-sp-nov-isolated-from-rhizosphere-soil
#12
Jie-Chao Wei, Le-Ni Sun, Zhuo-Xin Yuan, Xue-Ting Hou, En-Dong Yang, Yuan-Yuan Cao
A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-motile, rod-shaped and non-spore-forming bacterium, designated EF23T, was isolated from rhizosphere soil of watermelon. Growth of strain EF23T was observed at 10-37 °C, at pH 5.0-9.0 and in the presence of 0-0.5 % (w/v) NaCl. Strain EF23T contained menaquinone 7 (MK-7) as the major isoprenoid quinone, and summed feature 3 (C16:1ω7c and/or iso-C15 : 0 2-OH), iso-C15 : 0, C16 : 0 and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH as the major fatty acids. Phosphatidylethanolamine was identified as the major polar lipid...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820116/sphingobium-naphthae-sp-nov-with-the-ability-to-degrade-aliphatic-hydrocarbons-isolated-from-oil-contaminated-soil
#13
Dhiraj Kumar Chaudhary, Seung-Woo Jeong, Jaisoo Kim
A light yellow-coloured, Gram-stain-negative, non-motile and rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain K-3-6T, capable of degrading aliphatic hydrocarbons was isolated from oil-contaminated soil of Biratnagar, Morang, Nepal. It was able to grow at 15-45 °C, at pH 5.0-9.5 and with 0-6 % (w/v) NaCl. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain K-3-6T belongs to the genus Sphingobium and is closely related to Sphingobium olei IMMIB HF-1T (98.4 % similarity), Sphingobium abikonense NBRC 16140T (98.3 %), Sphingobium rhizovicinum CC-FH12-1T (97...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820110/flavivirga-eckloniae-sp-nov-and-flavivirga-aquimarina-sp-nov-isolated-from-seaweed-ecklonia-cava
#14
Ji Hee Lee, Joo Won Kang, Han Na Choe, Chi Nam Seong
Two Gram-stain-negative, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped, aerobic and yellow-coloured bacterial strains, designated strains ECD14T and EC2D5T, were isolated from a seaweed Eckloniacava. The isolates required sea salts for growth. Flexirubin-type and carotenoid pigment was produced. The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity between the two new strains was 95.5 %. Flavivirga amylovorans JC2681T was the nearest neighbour of strains ECD14T and EC2D5T with 96.5 and 96.8 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, respectively...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820109/pseudomonas-wadenswilerensis-sp-nov-and-pseudomonas-reidholzensis-sp-nov-two-novel-species-within-the-pseudomonas-putida-group-isolated-from-forest-soil
#15
David Frasson, Michael Opoku, Tara Picozzi, Tanja Torossi, Stefanie Balada, Theo H M Smits, Urs Hilber
Within the frame of a biotechnological screening, we isolated two Pseudomonas strains from forest soil. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that strain CCOS 864T shared 99.8 % similarity with Pseudomonas donghuensis HYST, while strain CCOS 865T shared 99.0 % similarity with Pseudomonas putida DSM 291T and lower similarity with other P. putida group type strains. Based on multilocus sequence analysis, the two strains were genotypically distinct from each other, each forming a separate clade. Strains CCOS 864T and CCOS 865T were Gram-stain-negative, motile and rod-shaped, growing at a temperature range of 4-37 °C...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820108/nakamurella-intestinalis-sp-nov-isolated-from-the-faeces-of-pseudorhynchus-japonicus
#16
Soo-Jin Kim, Hayoung Cho, Jae-Ho Joa, Moriyuki Hamada, Jae-Hyung Ahn, Hang-Yeon Weon, Soon-Wo Kwon
One strain, designated 63MJ-1T, was isolated from fresh faeces of broad-winged katydids collected in Jinan-gun, Jeollabuk-do, the Republic of Korea. The organism stained Gram-positive and was an aerobic, non-flagellated and short-rod-shaped bacterium. The organism grew in the range of 4-35 °C (optimum, 28-30 °C) and pH 6.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 7.0), and in the presence of 5 % NaCl (w/v), but not in media containing 7 % NaCl. According to the 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain 63MJ-1T showed the highest sequence similarities with Nakamurella panacisegetis P4-7T (95...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820106/sphingomonas-gotjawalisoli-sp-nov-isolated-from-soil-of-a-lava-forest
#17
Keun Chul Lee, Kwang Kyu Kim, Mi Kyung Eom, Jong-Shik Kim, Dae-Shin Kim, Suk-Hyung Ko, Seung-Hoon Yang, Jung-Sook Lee
A bacterial strain, designated SN6-9T, was isolated from soil of the Gotjawal, lava forest, located in Jeju, Republic of Korea. Strain SN6-9T was Gram-stain-negative, motile, oxidase- and catalase-negative, yellow-pigmented and rod-shaped. It contained summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c) and summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1ω6c) as the major fatty acids, Q-10 as the predominant isoprenoid quinone, sym-homospermidine as the major polyamine and diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine, sphingoglycolipid and two unidentified phospholipids as the polar lipids...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820105/roseomonas-hibiscisoli-sp-nov-isolated-from-the-rhizosphere-of-mugunghwa-hibiscus-syriacus
#18
Zheng-Fei Yan, Pei Lin, Chang-Tian Li, MooChang Kook, Qi-Jun Wang, Tae-Hoo Yi
A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-motile and coccoid to short-rod-shaped bacterial strain (THG-N2.22T) was isolated from the rhizosphere of Mugunghwa (Hibiscus syriacus). Growth occurred at 20-40 °C (optimum 28 °C), at pH 5-9 (optimum 7) and with 0-4 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum 1 %). Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, the nearest phylogenetic neighbours of strain THG-N2.22T were identified as Roseomonas rhizosphaerae YW11T (98.5 % similarity), Roseomonas rubra S5T (98.5 %), Roseomonas cervicalis ATCC 49957T (98...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820102/umboniibacter-caenipelagi-sp-nov-isolated-from-a-tidal-flat
#19
Sooyeon Park, Su Jung Choi, Ji-Min Park, Jung-Hoon Yoon
A Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, aerobic and ovoid or rod-shaped bacterium, designated SCTF-16T, was isolated from a tidal flat on the Yellow Sea, South Korea. Strain SCTF-16T grew optimally at 30 °C, at pH 7.0-7.5 and in the presence of 2.0 % (w/v) NaCl. In the neighbour-joining, maximum-likelihood and maximum-parsimony phylogenetic trees based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, strain SCTF-16T clustered with the type strains of two species of the genus Umboniibacter. Strain SCTF-16T exhibited 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities of 99...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820101/henriciella-pelagia-sp-nov-isolated-from-seawater
#20
Yue-Hong Wu, Hong Cheng, Ying-Yi Huo, Xiong-Bin Jin, Chun-Sheng Wang, Xue-Wei Xu
Strain LA220T, isolated from seawater of the Eastern Pacific Ocean, was subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic study. Cells of the strain were Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, motile and short rod-shaped. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain LA220T showed high similarity to Henriciella litoralis SD10T (98.5 %), Henriciella marina DSM 19595T (98.3 %) and Henriciellaaquimarina P38T (97.5 %), and exhibited less than 97.0 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with respect to the type strains of other Hyphomonadaceae species...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
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