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Activator protein 1

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166726/-interaction-between-trpc1-and-stim1-in-calcium-sensing-receptor-mediated-calcium-influx-and-nitric-oxide-production-in-human-umbilical-vein-endothelial-cells
#1
L M Wang, H Zhong, N Tang, L J Pang, C J Zhang, F He
Objective: To investigate the interaction of Ca(2+) protein TRPC1 and STIM1 in extracellular Ca(2+) -sensing receptor (CaR)-induced extracellular Ca(2+) influx and the production of nitric oxide (NO). Methods: Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were cultured and incubated with CaR agonist spermine (activating store-operates cation channels (SOC) and receptor-operated channels (ROC)), CaR negative allosteric modulator Calhex231 (blocking SOC, activating ROC) and ROC analogue TPA (activating ROC, blocking SOC), protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor Ro31-8220, PKCs and PKCμ inhibitor Go6967(activate SOC, blocking ROC), respectively...
November 24, 2017: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166644/cylindromatosis-cyld-a-deubiquitinase-attenuates-inflammatory-signaling-pathways-by-activating-toll-like-receptor-3-in-human-mesangial-cells
#2
Tadaatsu Imaizumi, Ryo Hayakari, Shojiro Watanabe, Tomomi Aizawa, Tomoh Matsumiya, Hidemi Yoshida, Kazushi Tsuruga, Shogo Kawaguchi, Hiroshi Tanaka
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cylindromatosis (CYLD), a deubiquitinase, negatively regulates nuclear factor-κB in various cells. However, its potential roles in glomerular inflammation remain unclear. Because the activation of the Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3)/type I interferon (IFN) pathways plays a pivotal role in chronic kidney diseases (CKD), we examined the role of CYLD in the TLR3 signaling in cultured human mesangial cells (MCs). METHODS: We stimulated CYLD-silenced MCs with polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid (poly IC), a synthetic analogue of dsRNA, and studied representative TLR3/IFN-β pathways (i...
November 22, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166606/sumoylation-promotes-nuclear-import-and-stabilization-of-polo-like-kinase-1-to-support-its-mitotic-function
#3
Donghua Wen, Jianguo Wu, Lei Wang, Zheng Fu
As a pivotal mitotic regulator, polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1) is under highly coordinated and multi-layered regulation. However, the pathways that control PLK1's activity and function have just begun to be elucidated. PLK1 has recently been shown to be functionally modulated by post-translational modifications (PTMs), including phosphorylation and ubiquitination. Herein, we report that SUMOylation plays an essential role in regulating PLK1's mitotic function. We found that Ubc9 was recruited to PLK1 upon initial phosphorylation and activation by CDK1/cyclin B...
November 21, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166595/positive-and-negative-regulation-of-the-master-metabolic-regulator-mtorc1-by-two-families-of-legionella-pneumophila-effectors
#4
Justin A De Leon, Jiazhang Qiu, Christopher J Nicolai, Jessica L Counihan, Kevin C Barry, Li Xu, Rosalie E Lawrence, Brian M Castellano, Roberto Zoncu, Daniel K Nomura, Zhao-Qing Luo, Russell E Vance
All pathogens must acquire nutrients from their hosts. The intracellular bacterial pathogen Legionella pneumophila, the etiological agent of Legionnaires' disease, requires host amino acids for growth within cells. The mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) is an evolutionarily conserved master regulator of host amino acid metabolism. Here, we identify two families of translocated L. pneumophila effector proteins that exhibit opposing effects on mTORC1 activity. The Legionella glucosyltransferase (Lgt) effector family activates mTORC1, through inhibition of host translation, whereas the SidE/SdeABC (SidE) effector family acts as mTORC1 inhibitors...
November 21, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166574/altered-tnf-%C3%AE-response-by-aconibal-%C3%A2-and-methotrexate-in-a-lipopolysaccharide-induced-setting-of-inflammatory-conditions-potential-on-a-synergistic-combination
#5
Gunhyuk Park, Seoung Hoon Lee, Ji-Ye Han, Dal-Seok Oh
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Aconitum carmichaelii (AC) is a common herbal medicine used as anti-inflammatory and analgesic agent in Eastern Asia. In Korea, a commercial processed AC (Aconibal(®)) is traditionally used to treat the symptoms of spondylosis deformans and rheumatic pain. AIM OF STUDY: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is systemic and auto-immune disease characterized by chronic inflammation. Methotrexate (MTX) is often the first-line therapy for RA. If MTX monotherapy is ineffective or RA is initially severe, adding a tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α inhibitor to the treatment can be beneficial...
November 19, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166095/computer-simulations-of-alkali-acetate-solutions-accuracy-of-the-forcefields-in-difference-concentrations
#6
Emma Ahlstrand, Julio Zukerman Schpector, Ran Friedman
When proteins are solvated in electrolyte solutions that contain alkali ions, the ions interact mostly with carboxylates on the protein surface. Correctly accounting for alkali-carboxylate interactions is thus important for realistic simulations of proteins. Acetates are the simplest carboxylates that are amphipathic, and experimental data for alkali acetate solutions are available and can be compared with observables obtained from simulations. We carried out molecular dynamics simulations of alkali acetate solutions using polarizable and non-polarizable forcefields and examined the ion-acetate interactions...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165897/lithospermum-erythrorhizon-root-and-its-naphthoquinones-repress-srebp1c-and-activate-pgc1%C3%AE-through-ampk%C3%AE
#7
Rodney A Velliquette, Arun Rajgopal, John Rebhun, Kelly Glynn
OBJECTIVE: To examine specific molecular mechanisms involved in modulating hepatic lipogenesis and mitochondria biogenesis signals by Lithospermum erythrorhizon (gromwell) root extract. METHODS: Stable cell lines with luciferase reporter constructs were generated to examine sterol regulatory element binding protein 1c (SREBP1c) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma, coactivator 1 (PGC1) α promoter activity and estrogen-related receptor (ERR) α response element activity...
November 22, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165873/andrographolide-inhibits-hypoxia-induced-hypoxia-inducible-factor-1%C3%AE-and-endothelin-1-expression-through-the-heme-oxygenase-1-co-cgmp-mkp-5-pathways-in-ea-hy926-cells
#8
Hung-Chih Lin, Shih-Li Su, Wan-Chun Lin, Ai-Hsuan Lin, Ya-Chen Yang, Chong-Kuei Lii, Haw-Wen Chen
Andrographolide is a potent anti-inflammatory agent found in Andrographis paniculata. Endothelin 1 (ET-1) is an endothelium-derived vasoconstrictor with pro-inflammatory properties secreted in response to hypoxia. Mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase 5 (MKP-5) is a dual-specificity phosphatase that dephosphorylates threonine and tyrosine residues of MAPKs. We showed previously that hypoxia-induced HIF-1α expression and ET-1 secretion are dependent on p38 MAPK in EA.hy926 cells. Here, we investigate what role MKP-5 plays in andrographolide's inhibition of hypoxia-induced expression of HIF-1α and ET-1...
November 22, 2017: Environmental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165691/estradiol-protects-proopiomelanocortin-neurons-against-insulin-resistance
#9
Jian Qiu, Martha A Bosch, Cecilia Meza, Uyen-Vy Navarro, Casey C Nestor, Edward J Wagner, Oline K Rønnekleiv, Martin J Kelly
Insulin resistance is at the core of the metabolic syndrome, and men exhibit a higher incidence of metabolic syndrome than women in early adult life, but this sex advantage diminishes sharply when women reach the postmenopausal state. Since 17β-estradiol (E2) augments the excitability of the anorexigenic POMC neurons, we investigated the neuroprotective effects of E2 against insulin resistance in POMC neurons from diet-induced obese (DIO) female and male mice. The efficacy of insulin to activate canonical transient receptor potential 5 (TRPC5) channels and depolarize POMC neurons was significantly reduced in DIO male but not in DIO female mice...
November 20, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165650/evaluation-of-1-25-dihydroxyvitamin-d3-pathway-in-patients-with-chronic-urticaria
#10
Rasoul Nasiri-Kalmarzi, Mohammad Abdi, Javad Hosseini, Erfan Babaei, Aram Mokarizadeh, Zakaria Vahabzadeh
BACKGROUND: Previous studies showed the role of vitamin D (Vit D) on the progression of chronic urticaria. To the best of our knowledge, there are no other results regarding the contribution of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the vitamin D receptor (VDR) and vitamin D binding protein (VDBP) genes in Chronic Urticaria (CU). AIM: In the present study, we investigated the Vit pathway and the association between VDR and VDBP gene polymorphisms and CU risk in Iranian population...
November 20, 2017: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165617/selective-activation-of-striatal-ngf-trka-p75ntr-mapk-intracellular-signaling-in-rats-that-show-suppression-of-methamphetamine-intake-30-days-following-drug-abstinence
#11
Oscar V Torres, Subramanian Jayanthi, Michael T McCoy, Jean Lud Cadet
Background: The continuing epidemic of methamphetamine (METH) addiction has prompted research aimed at understanding striatal dysfunctions potentially associated with long-term METH use. Methods: Here, we investigated transcriptional and translational alterations in the expression of neurotrophic factors in the rat striatum at 30 days following METH SA and footshock punishment. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were trained to self-administer METH (0.1 mg/kg/injection, i...
November 20, 2017: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165552/what-happened-to-the-igf-binding-proteins
#12
Leon A Bach
Insulin-like growth factor binding proteins (IGFBPs) 1-6 are high affinity regulators of IGF activity. They generally inhibit IGF actions by preventing binding to the IGF-I receptor but may also enhance their actions under some conditions. Post-translational modifications such as glycosylation and phosphorylation modulate IGFBP properties, and IGFBP proteolysis results in IGF release. IGFBPs have more recently been shown to have IGF-independent actions. A number of mechanisms are involved, including modulation of other growth factor pathways, nuclear localization and transcriptional regulation, interaction with the sphingolipid pathway, and binding to non-IGF biomolecules in the extracellular space and matrix, on the cell surface and intracellularly...
November 20, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165486/optical-control-of-mitochondrial-reductive-reactions-in-living-cells-using-an-electron-donor-acceptor-linked-molecule
#13
Yuta Takano, Reina Munechika, Vasudevanpillai Biju, Hideyoshi Harashima, Hiroshi Imahori, Yuma Yamada
It has been known for decades that intracellular redox reactions control various vital functions in living systems, which include the synthesis of biomolecules, the modulation of protein functions, and cell signaling. Although there have been several reports on the control of such functions using DNA and RNA, the non-invasive optical control of biological functions is an important ongoing challenge. In this study, a hybrid of an electron donor-acceptor linked molecule based on a ferrocene(Fc)-porphyrin(ZnP)-fullerene(C60) analogue and an elaborately designed nano-carrier, referred to herein as a MITO-Porter, resulted in a successful photoinduced intermolecular electron transfer reaction via the long-lived intramolecular charge separation, leading to site-specific reductive reactions in the mitochondria of living HeLa cells...
November 22, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165475/effect-of-the-water-fraction-isolated-from-fructus-ligustri-lucidi-extract-on-bone-metabolism-via-antagonizing-a-calcium-sensing-receptor-in-experimental-type-1-diabetic-rats
#14
Nan-Nan Sha, Yong-Jian Zhao, Dong-Feng Zhao, Daniel Kam-Wah Mok, Qi Shi, Yong-Jun Wang, Yan Zhang
Our previous studies have demonstrated that the extract of Fructus Ligustri Lucidi (FLL) can maintain in vivo calcium homeostasis in aged and ovariectomized rats. This study was designed to elucidate the action of water fraction isolated from the FLL extract on bone metabolism and a calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) in parathyroid glands and kidneys of diabetic rats. The streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats were treated with vehicle, FLL extract, and the water fraction (WF) isolated from the FLL extract for 4 weeks...
November 22, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165472/intracellular-delivery-of-more-than-one-protein-with-spatio-temporal-control
#15
Miguel M Lino, Susana Simões, Sónia Pinho, Lino Ferreira
Transient, non-integrative modulation of cell function by intracellular delivery of proteins has high potential in cellular reprogramming, gene editing and therapeutic medicine applications. Unfortunately, the capacity to deliver multiple proteins intracellularly with temporal and spatial control has not been demonstrated. Here, we report a near infrared (NIR) laser-activatable nanomaterial that allows for precise control over the release of two proteins from a single nanomaterial. The nanomaterial is formed by gold nanorods (AuNRs) modified with single stranded DNA (ssDNA) to which complementary DNA-conjugated proteins are hybridized...
November 22, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165402/quercetin-mitigates-inflammatory-responses-induced-by-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-in-mouse-retinal-photoreceptor-cells-through-suppression-of-nuclear-factor-kappa-b
#16
Minsup Lee, Seohyeon Yun, Hyesook Lee, Jaewook Yang
Retinal vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) increased by neovascularization is well known as a pathogenic factor in ocular neovascular diseases. However, it is still unclear how retinal neurons are damaged by VEGF. The aims of this study are to demonstrate the inflammatory protein expression regulated by VEGF using mouse photoreceptor-derived cells and the protective effect of quercetin against VEGF-induced inflammatory response. Expression and phosphorylation of protein and expression of mRNA were detected by immunoblot and reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction...
November 22, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165387/nitric-oxide-mediates-crosstalk-between-interleukin-1%C3%AE-and-wnt-signaling-in-primary-human-chondrocytes-by-reducing-dkk1-and-frzb-expression
#17
Leilei Zhong, Stefano Schivo, Xiaobin Huang, Jeroen Leijten, Marcel Karperien, Janine N Post
Interleukin 1 beta (IL1β) and Wingless-Type MMTV Integration Site Family (WNT) signaling are major players in Osteoarthritis (OA) pathogenesis. Despite having a large functional overlap in OA onset and development, the mechanism of IL1β and WNT crosstalk has remained largely unknown. In this study, we have used a combination of computational modeling and molecular biology to reveal direct or indirect crosstalk between these pathways. Specifically, we revealed a mechanism by which IL1β upregulates WNT signaling via downregulating WNT antagonists, DKK1 and FRZB...
November 22, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165364/the-rosiglitazone-like-effects-of-vitexilactone-a-constituent-from-vitex-trifolia-l-in-3t3-l1-preadipocytes
#18
Atsuyoshi Nishina, Masaya Itagaki, Daisuke Sato, Hirokazu Kimura, Yasuaki Hirai, Nyunt Phay, Makoto Makishima
The increased number of patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) has become a worldwide problem, and insulin sensitizers such as thiazolidinediones (TZDs) are used as therapeutic agents. We found that extracts of Vitex trifolia L. (V. trifolia), a medicinal plant from Myanmar, induced adipogenesis similar to rosiglitazone (ROS), which is a TZD, in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. In the present study, we attempted to isolate from V. trifolia those compounds that showed ROS-like effects. Among the extracts of hexane, ethyl acetate, and methanol obtained from V...
November 22, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165318/unidirectional-bmp2-loaded-collagen-scaffolds-induce-chondrogenic-differentiation
#19
Michiel W Pot, Laurie M G de Kroon, Peter M van der Kraan, Toin H van Kuppevelt, Willeke F Daamen
Microfracture surgery may be improved by the implantation of unidirectional collagen scaffolds that provide a template for mesenchymal stem cells to regenerate cartilage. Incorporation of growth factors in unidirectional scaffolds may further enhance cartilage regeneration. In scaffolds, immobilization of growth factors is required to prolong in vivo activity, to limit diffusion and to reduce the amount of growth factor needed for safe clinical application. We investigated the immobilization of bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2) to unidirectional collagen scaffolds and the effect on in vitro chondrogenesis...
November 22, 2017: Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165178/sasa-veitchii-extracts-suppress-acetaminophen-induced-hepatotoxicity-in-mice
#20
Hiroki Yoshioka, Haruki Usuda, Hirohisa Fujii, Tsunemasa Nonogaki
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the therapeutic effects of a Sasa veitchii leaf extract (SE) on acetaminophen (APAP)-induced hepatotoxicity. METHODS: Seven-week-old male ddY mice were orally administered SE or saline (0.2 mL) once a day for a week. Twenty-four hours after the last pretreatment, the mice were intraperitoneally injected with 550 mg/kg APAP or saline under fasting conditions. The mice from each group were euthanized and bled for plasma analysis 2, 6, 24, and 72 h after the injection...
June 12, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
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