Read by QxMD icon Read

dental implant zno

Rabia Zeeshan, Zeeshan Mutahir, Haffsah Iqbal, Moazzam Ali, Farasat Iqbal, Kashif Ijaz, Faiza Sharif, Asma Tufail Shah, Aqif Anwar Chaudhry, Muhammad Yar, Shifang Luan, Ather Farooq Khan, Ihtesham-Ur-Rehman
The success of a dental implant relies on the presence of an optimal alveolar ridge. The aim of this study was to fabricate HPMC crosslinked chitosan based scaffolds for alveolar bone repair. Our results indicated that HPMC crosslinked CH/BG foams presented better morphological structure (132-90.5 μm) and mechanical responses (0.451 MPa with 100 mg BG) as confirmed by SEM analysis and fatigue testing respectively. Cytotoxicity analysis at day 2, 4 and 8 demonstrated that all composites were non-toxic and supported cellular viability...
August 1, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Ranran Zhang, Xujie Liu, Zhiyuan Xiong, Qianli Huang, Xing Yang, Hao Yan, Jing Ma, Qingling Feng, Zhijian Shen
Micro/nanostructured TiO2 /ZnO coating has been shown to possess multiple functions, including antibacterial activity and bioactivity. Osteoblast-like SaOS-2 cells were employed for evaluating the in vitro osteogenic capacity of this coating and positive results were obtained. However, traditional principles of osseointegration focus only on the osteogenic differentiation alone. The effects of immunomodulation on the osteogenic activity have been largely ignored. In this study, the inflammatory responses of macrophages on the micro/nanostructured TiO2 /ZnO coating were investigated...
March 8, 2018: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Jun Li, Lei Tan, Xiangmei Liu, Zhenduo Cui, Xianjin Yang, Kelvin Wai Kwok Yeung, Paul K Chu, Shuilin Wu
Bacterial infection and lack of bone tissue integration are two major concerns of orthopedic implants. In addition, osteoinductivity often decreases and toxicity may arise when antibacterial agents are introduced to increase the antibacterial ability. Here hybrid ZnO/polydopamine (PDA)/arginine-glycine-aspartic acid-cysteine (RGDC) nanorod (NR) arrays are designed and prepared on titanium (Ti) implants to not only enhance the osteoinductivity but also effectively kill bacteria simultaneously, which are ascribed to the selective physical puncture and the biofunctionalization of ZnO/PDA/RGDC nanorods during the competition between bacteria and osteoblasts...
November 28, 2017: ACS Nano
Yiming Xiang, Jun Li, Xiangmei Liu, Zhenduo Cui, Xianjin Yang, K W K Yeung, Haobo Pan, Shuilin Wu
Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid)/Ag/ZnO nanorods coating were successfully prepared on the surface of Ti metallic implants using a hydrothermal method and subsequent spin-coating of mixtures of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) and silver nanoparticles. The poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid)/Ag/ZnO nanorods coating exhibited excellent antibacterial efficacy of over 96% against both Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli when the initial content of Ag nanoparticles was over 3wt%. In addition, the release of both silver and zinc could last for over a hundred days due to the enwrapping of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid)...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Marina Angélica Marciano, Josette Camilleri, Reginaldo Mendonça Costa, Mariza Akemi Matsumoto, Bruno Martini Guimarães, Marco Antonio Hungaro Duarte
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to investigate the addition of variable amounts of zinc oxide to inhibit dental discoloration caused by mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) Angelus. METHODS: MTA Angelus and MTA with additions of 5%, 15%, and 45% zinc oxide (ZnO) in weight were tested. The set cements were characterized by using a combination of scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive spectroscopy, and x-ray diffraction. Radiopacity and setting time were analyzed according to American National Standards Institute/American Dental Association (57/2012) and American Society for Testing and Materials (C266-08)...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
Johan P Woelber, Petra Ratka-Krueger, Kirstin Vach, Eberhard Frisch
BACKGROUND: Long-term data on clinical outcomes of restorations attached to implants via zinc oxide (ZnO) cement have been sparse. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to retrospectively investigate decementation rates and peri-implant tissue status of implant-supported fixed restorations retained by ZnO cement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 1989 and 2003, 63 partially edentulous patients received 93 implants. Of these, 27 patients received 36 screwed single crowns (SC) and served as a control (C group)...
October 2016: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
L Grenho, C L Salgado, M H Fernandes, F J Monteiro, M P Ferraz
Ceramic scaffolds are widely studied in the bone tissue engineering field due to their potential in regenerative medicine. However, adhesion of microorganisms on biomaterials with subsequent formation of antibiotic-resistant biofilms is a critical factor in implant-related infections. Therefore, new strategies are needed to address this problem. In the present study, three-dimensional and interconnected porous granules of nanostructured hydroxyapatite (nanoHA) incorporated with different amounts of zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles were produced using a simple polymer sponge replication method...
August 7, 2015: Nanotechnology
Wenwen Liu, Penglei Su, Arthur Gonzales, Su Chen, Na Wang, Jinshu Wang, Hongyi Li, Zhenting Zhang, Thomas J Webster
To optimize mesenchymal stem cell differentiation and antibacterial properties of titanium (Ti), nano-sized zinc oxide (ZnO) particles with tunable concentrations were incorporated into TiO2 nanotubes (TNTs) using a facile hydrothermal strategy. It is revealed here for the first time that the TNTs incorporated with ZnO nanoparticles exhibited better biocompatibility compared with pure Ti samples (controls) and that the amount of ZnO (tailored by the concentration of Zn(NO3)2 in the precursor) introduced into TNTs played a crucial role on their osteogenic properties...
2015: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Guodong Jin, Huiliang Cao, Yuqin Qiao, Fanhao Meng, Hongqin Zhu, Xuanyong Liu
Titanium (Ti) and its alloys are widely used as orthopedic and dental implants. In this work, zinc (Zn) was implanted into oxalic acid etched titanium using plasma immersion ion implantation technology. Scanning electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy were used to investigate the surface morphology and composition of Zn-implanted titanium. The results indicate that the depth profile of zinc in Zn-implanted titanium resembles a Gaussian distribution, and zinc exists in the form of ZnO at the surface whereas in the form of metallic Zn in the interior...
May 1, 2014: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Miguel A Vargas-Reus, Kaveh Memarzadeh, Jie Huang, Guogang G Ren, Robert P Allaker
Dental plaque accumulation may result in peri-implantitis, an inflammatory process causing loss of supporting bone that may lead to dental implant failure. The antimicrobial activities of six metal and metal oxide nanoparticles and two of their composites against bacterial pathogens associated with peri-implantitis were examined under anaerobic conditions. The activities of nanoparticles of silver (Ag), cuprous oxide (Cu(2)O), cupric oxide (CuO), zinc oxide (ZnO), titanium dioxide (TiO(2)), tungsten oxide (WO(3)), Ag+CuO composite and Ag+ZnO composite were assessed by minimum inhibitory (bacteriostatic) concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) determination against Prevotella intermedia, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Fusobacterium nucleatum and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans...
August 2012: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
H Hu, W Zhang, Y Qiao, X Jiang, X Liu, C Ding
In this work, zinc was incorporated into TiO2 coatings on titanium by plasma electrolytic oxidation to obtain the implant with good bacterial inhibition ability and bone-formability. The porous and nanostructured Zn-incorporated TiO2 coatings are built up from pores smaller than 5 μm and grains 20-100 nm in size, in which the element Zn exists as ZnO. The results obtained from the antibacterial studies suggest that the Zn-incorporated TiO2 coatings can greatly inhibit the growth of both Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli, and the ability to inhibit bacteria can be improved by increasing the Zn content in the coatings...
February 2012: Acta Biomaterialia
Yin-Yu Chang, Chih-Ho Lai, Jui-Ting Hsu, Chih-Hsin Tang, Wan-Chuen Liao, Heng-Li Huang
Titanium (Ti)-based materials are widely used in biomedical implant components and are applied successfully in various types of bone-anchored reconstructions. However, in dental implants the Ti materials contact not only bone but also gingival tissues, and are partially exposed to the oral cavity that includes bacteria. This study used titania and silver (TiO(2)/Ag) compound coatings and zinc oxide (ZnO) films to enhance the antibacterial activity of the Ti-based implant. The hydrophobicity of each sample was examined by measuring the contact angle...
February 2012: Clinical Oral Investigations
M Ito
A possible bone substitute material for dental treatment was developed and tested. The material is composed of powdered hydroxyapatite (HA), ZnO and CaO, kneaded into a chitosan sol to make a quick-hardening paste. A composition was found which showed neutral pH, short setting time, and relatively high compressive strength. The use of such a paste for the treatment of periodontal defects or the augmentation of edentulous alveolar ridges may alleviate problems now associated with the implantation of particulate HA, such as early migration of particles and recontouring of the implant...
January 1991: Biomaterials
P A Scheidler, P K Bajpai
The objective of this investigation was to evaluate the suitability of zinc sulfate calcium phosphate ceramic composites as bone substitutes. ZSCAP ceramics were fabricated from stock powders of zinc sulfate, zinc oxide, calcium oxide, and phosphorous pentoxide in a ratio of 15:30:30:25 by weight of ZnSo4:ZnO:CaO:P2O5. The three oxides and zinc sulfate were mixed for 10 minutes in a blender and then calcined in a crucible at 650 degrees C for 24 hours. The calcined powder was ground in a ball mill for 0.5 hours and separated into particle sizes of 38-45, 45-63, and 65-75 microns by an automatic siever and shaker...
1992: Biomedical Sciences Instrumentation
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"