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Hepatic stroma

T V Lisovskaya, G B Mal'gina, T A Perepletina, M A Chistyakov, I V Dan'kova, O A Melkozerova
AIM: The purpose of the study was to investigate the morphological features of endometrium in patients with viral hepatitis type C. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A morphological survey was conducted involving endometrium sections stained with hematoxylin and eosin and Van Gieson's picrofuchsin collected from 140 women of reproductive age, among them 70 patients were diagnosed with chronic hepatitis type C (CHC) infection with minimal (40 patients) and moderate activity (30 patients), and 70 women suffered from endometrial proliferative diseases without viral hepatitis (comparison group)...
October 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
Frederico Michelino DE Oliveira, Marcus Vinícius H DE Carvalho, Evaldo Marchi, Clóvis Antônio Lopes Pinto
OBJECTIVE: : to evaluate the effectiveness of a collagen-based adhesive associated with fibrinogen and thrombin in experimental liver injury in rats. METHODS: : the study included 30 Wistar rats randomly divided into three groups: A, B and C. All underwent standard liver traumatic injury. In group A the lesion was treated with the adhesive; in group B, with conventional absorbable suture; and in group C, there was no treatment. We analyzed the time of hemostasis, mortality, occurrence of adhesions and any histological changes...
July 2016: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
Kristen Zhelnin, Yue Xue, Brian Quigley, Michelle D Reid, Hyejeong Choi, Bahar Memis, Volkan Adsay, Alyssa M Krasinskas
Mucinous cystic neoplasms (MCNs) can occur in the pancreas and liver. Classically, these cystic lesions are lined by columnar mucinous epithelium with underlying ovarian-type stroma. It has been proposed that cysts with ovarian-type stroma and nonmucinous epithelium be considered separate entities in both the pancreas and liver. Using a series of 104 pancreatic and 32 hepatic cases, we aimed to further characterize the epithelium present in MCNs. Mucinous epithelium was defined as pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia-like columnar cells with pale pink/clear apical mucin...
September 26, 2016: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Anne Tr Noll, Thorsten Cramer, Steven Wm Olde Damink, Frank G Schaap
Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a relatively rare malignancy of the intra- or extra-hepatic bile ducts that is classified according to its anatomical localization as intrahepatic, perihilar or distal. Overall, CCA has a dismal prognosis due to typical presentation at an advanced irresectable stage, lack of effective non-surgical treatments, and a high rate of disease recurrence. CCA frequently arises on a background of chronic liver inflammation and cholestasis. Chronic inflammation is accompanied by enhanced cell turnover with generation of additional inflammatory stimuli, and a microenvironment rich in pro-inflammatory mediators and proliferative factors that enable accumulation of mutations, transformation and expansion of mutated cells...
September 18, 2016: World Journal of Hepatology
Sha Fu, Rong-Rong Zhou, Ning Li, Yan Huang, Xue-Gong Fan
Encoded by the hepatitis B virus, hepatitis B virus X protein (HBx) is a multifunctional, potentially oncogenic protein that acts primarily during the progression from chronic hepatitis B to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In recent decades, it has been established that chronic inflammation generates a tumor-supporting microenvironment. HCC is a typical chronic inflammation-related cancer, and inflammation is the main risk factor for HCC progression. The viral transactivator HBx plays a pivotal role in the initiation and maintenance of hepatic inflammatory processes through interactions with components of the tumor microenvironment including tumor cells and the surrounding peritumoral stroma...
September 23, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Y Deng, J Cheng, B Fu, W Liu, G Chen, Q Zhang, Y Yang
A major barrier to effective cancer immunotherapy is immune suppression in favor of tumor progression. Additionally, the accumulation of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) has recently been recognized as a major mechanism of the promotion of immune suppression. However, how MDSCs are induced and the cells from which they arise remains unknown. Although studies have demonstrated that tumor-derived cytokines promote MDSC accumulation and activation, little is known regarding the role of the tumor stroma in MDSC accumulation and activation...
September 5, 2016: Oncogene
Mifuji Tomioku, Naoki Yazawa, Daisuke Furukawa, Hideki Izumi, Taro Mashiko, Soji Ozawa, Sotaro Sadahiro, Seiei Yasuda, Kenichi Hirabayashi, Toshio Nakagohri
The patient was a 59-year-old female. A liver tumor measuring 10 cm was found in the right hepatic lobe by medical examination of August, 2008 and she underwent extended right hepatectomy in September. Microscopically, the tumor was composed of small cuboidal cells possessing oval nuclei and resembling cholangiole. These formed small tubular structures with fibrous stroma. From a result of histopathological features, a diagnosis of a cholangiolocellular carcinoma was made. She received postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy with gemcitabine and S-1...
2016: Tokai Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine
Julie Dusseault, Bing Li, Nida Haider, Marie-Anne Goyette, Jean-François Côté, Louise Larose
Obesity results from an excessive expansion of white adipose tissue (WAT) from hypertrophy of preexisting adipocytes and enhancement of precursor differentiation into mature adipocytes. We report that Nck2-deficient mice display progressive increased adiposity associated with adipocyte hypertrophy. A negative relationship between the expression of Nck2 and WAT expansion was recapitulated in humans such that reduced Nck2 protein and mRNA levels in human visceral WAT significantly correlate with the degree of obesity...
September 2016: Diabetes
Frederico Michelino de Oliveira, Marcus Vinícius H de Carvalho, Evaldo Marchi, Clóvis Antônio Lopes Pinto
OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the effectiveness of an collagen-based adhesive associated with fibrinogen and thrombin in experimental liver injuries in rats. METHODS: we randomly divided 30 Wistar rats into three groups: A, B and C. All underwent a standard liver traumatic injury. In group A, the lesion was treated with the adhesive; in group B, with conventional, absorbable suture; group C received no treatment. We analyzed the time of hemostasis, mortality, occurrence of adhesions and any histological changes...
March 2016: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
Shinsaku Obara, Takeo Nomi, Ichiro Yamato, Daisuke Hokuto, Satoshi Yasuda, Satoshi Nishiwada, Chihiro Kawaguchi, Takahiro Yoshikawa, Takatsugu Yamada, Hiromichi Kanehiro, Yoshiyuki Nakajima
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to present a case of hepatic mucinous cystic neoplasm (MCN-H) that was completely resected by laparoscopy. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 47-year-old female exhibited mild elevation of serum liver enzyme levels. Abdominal computed tomography revealed a 45-mm multilocular cystic tumor in segment IV of the liver, along with intermittent border calcification and minimal wall thickness. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed fluid-to-fluid level in the cystic tumor, thereby increasing the suspicion of a mild hemorrhage...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Yuri Cho, Eun Ju Cho, Jeong-Hoon Lee, Su Jong Yu, Yoon Jun Kim, Chung Yong Kim, Jung-Hwan Yoon
BACKGROUND: Crosstalk between tumor cells and their microenvironment plays a crucial role in the progression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Hypoxia, a common feature of advanced HCC, has been shown to modulate the evolution of the tumor microenvironment. In this study, we investigated the effect of hypoxia on tumor-stroma crosstalk in HCC. METHODS: Human HCC cell lines (Huh-BAT, SNU-475) were cocultured with an activated human hepatic stellate cell line (HSCs; LX-2) under either normoxic or hypoxic conditions...
September 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Marzena Swiderska-Syn, Guanhua Xie, Gregory A Michelotti, Mark L Jewell, Richard T Premont, Wing-Kin Syn, Anna Mae Diehl
UNLABELLED: Adult liver regeneration requires induction and suppression of proliferative activity in multiple types of liver cells. The mechanisms that orchestrate the global changes in gene expression that are required for proliferative activity to change within individual liver cells, and that coordinate proliferative activity among different types of liver cells, are not well understood. Morphogenic signaling pathways that are active during fetal development, including Hedgehog and Hippo/Yes-associated protein 1 (Yap1), regulate liver regeneration in adulthood...
July 2016: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
Jing Xu, Cuiming Zhang, Aixiu Qiao, Yanfeng Xi
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinicopathologic features of combined hepatocellular-cholangiocarcinoma (cholangiolocellular type, CLC type) with stem cell features and its relationship to hepatic progenitor cells (HPCs). METHODS: Clinical and histologic features of 26 cases of combined hepatocellular-cholangiocarcinoma (CLC type) were reviewed. Histochemistry was performed to confirm the type of mucin and immunohistochemical study was carried out for hepatocytic markers (Hep Par-1 and AFP) and biliary/HPCs markers (CK7, CK9, EMA, EpCAM, NCAM, CKIT)...
March 2016: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
Yusuke Nakayama, Yuichiro Kato, Satoshi Okubo, Daigoro Takahashi, Rei Okada, Yasunori Nishida, Kazuhiko Kitaguchi, Naoto Gotohda, Shinichiro Takahashi, Masaru Konishi
A 71-year-old woman was referred to our institution for further investigation of epigastric pain. The patient had been detected to have a multilocular cyst in the medial segment of the liver measuring 69 mm in diameter at another hospital 2 years ago, and the diameter of the cyst had increased to 90 mm. Although the cyst had gradually increased in size, there was no evidence of mural nodules. As we were concerned about the malignant potential of the lesion, a left hepatic segmentectomy was performed. Pathologically, the cyst was lined by columnar and cuboidal epithelium with low-grade atypia...
December 2015: Surgical Case Reports
Hsin-Yuan Su, Richard T Waldron, Raymond Gong, V Krishnan Ramanujan, Stephen J Pandol, Aurelia Lugea
Activated pancreatic stellate cells (PaSC) are key participants in the stroma of pancreatic cancer, secreting extracellular matrix proteins and inflammatory mediators. Tumors are poorly vascularized, creating metabolic stress conditions in cancer and stromal cells that necessitate adaptive homeostatic cellular programs. Activation of autophagy and the endoplasmic reticulum unfolded protein response (UPR) have been described in hepatic stellate cells, but the role of these processes in PaSC responses to metabolic stress is unknown...
2016: PloS One
Fernando Cano-García, Amado de Jesús Athie-Athie, Jaime I García-Gómez, Fredy Chablé-Montero, Jorge Albores-Saavedra
 We report an example of a cystic hepatic angiosarcoma that to our knowledge has not been previously described. The patient was a 70 year old woman who was admitted to the emergency room because of hypovolemic shock. A computed tomography showed four heterogeneous hepatic cystic masses varying from 2.5 to 11.2 cm; one of these with rupture and formation of a subcapsular hematoma. The cyst wall was lined by several layers of neoplastic epithelioid and spindle shaped endothelial cells that in some areas extended to the underlying stroma...
March 2016: Annals of Hepatology
Nasun Hah, Mara H Sherman, Ruth T Yu, Michael Downes, Ronald M Evans
The basis of many human diseases arises from both genetic and epigenetic regulation. Recent advances in the understanding of the mechanisms underlying transcriptional and epigenetic regulation and their prevalence as contributors to a diverse range of human diseases have led us to focus on transcription and epigenetic changes in a variety of human disease conditions. Specifically, our recent studies in liver fibrosis and pancreatic cancer have demonstrated that the epigenetic regulation in hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) and pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs) significantly contributes to the progress in such diseases and presents great therapeutic potential...
2015: Cold Spring Harbor Symposia on Quantitative Biology
Kun Dong, Xin-Xin Wang, Ji-Liang Feng, Hui Liu, Ke-Jia Zu, Jing Chang, Fu-Dong Lv
We aim to investigate the pathological characteristics of liver biopsies and their implications for the prognosis of hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (HEHE). Clinical data of eight patients (5 male, 3 female) with HEHE were analyzed retrospectively. Expression of CD34, FVIII, AE1/AE3, Hepa-par1, GPC3, CK19 and the proliferation index marker Ki-67 were determined by immunohistochemical staining. The clinical pathological features and effects of treatment on prognosis were investigated. Among the eight patients, four did not exhibit significant symptoms, while four showed symptoms such as abdominal distension, aversion to greasy food and mild fever...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology
Ye A Shinkarenko, A A Savchenko
The aim of this work was to study the morphological changes of liver in common voles (Microtus arvalis Pallas) inhabiting the territories of brown coal deposition in Borodino coal opencast (Krasnoyarsk region) and on reclaimed dumps 10 and 20 years after its production. Trapping of the voles (10 animals in each group) living under natural conditions on each territory, was conducted for 30 days. Histological examination of the liver in all animals demonstrated degenerative changes and necrosis of hepatocytes, expressed to a various degree...
2015: Morfologi︠a︡
Bing Zhu, Nan Lin, Min Zhang, Yong Zhu, Huanhuan Cheng, Shuxian Chen, Yunbiao Ling, Weidong Pan, Ruiyun Xu
BACKGROUND: Chemokines have been recognized as important modulators of angiogenesis, and they play critical roles in the development and metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), although their origins and latent molecular mechanisms remain elusive. The aim of this study was to investigate how activated hepatic stellate cells (a-HSCs) promote angiogenesis in HCC. METHODS: A total of 22 HCC patients were enrolled randomly. We used immunohistochemistry, western blotting, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to analyse the production of interleukin-8 (IL-8) in a-HSCs derived from HCC tissues...
2015: Journal of Translational Medicine
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