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Thoracic aortic aneurysm

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329189/mid-term-results-of-zone-0-thoracic-endovascular-aneurysm-repair-after-ascending-aorta-wrapping-and-supra-aortic-debranching-in-high-risk-patients
#1
Felice Pecoraro, Mario Lachat, Michael Hofmann, Neal S Cayne, Lyubov Chaykovska, Zoran Rancic, Gilbert Puippe, Thomas Pfammatter, Nicola Mangialardi, Frank J Veith, Dominique Bettex, Francesco Maisano, Thomas A Neff
OBJECTIVES: Surgical repair of aneurysmal disease involving the ascending aorta, aortic arch and eventually the descending aorta is generally associated with significant morbidity and mortality. A less invasive approach with the ascending wrapping technique (WT), supra-aortic vessel debranching (SADB) and thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair (TEVAR) in zone 0 was developed to reduce the associated risk in these patients. METHODS: During a 10-year period, consecutive patients treated by the ascending WT, SADB and TEVAR in zone 0 were included...
March 8, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329175/re-open-repair-of-descending-thoracic-and-thoraco-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms-in-patients-with-preoperative-renal-failure
#2
Nicholas T Kouchoukos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 17, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323232/suspected-giant-cell-aortitis-from-multiple-aortic-structural-damage-to-fatal-listeria-sepsi-a-case-report
#3
Valeria Silvestri, Giacomo Isernia
Giant cell arteritis ( GCA) is an inflammatory vasculopathy affecting large and middle-sized vessels , specifically cranial arteries derived from carotid artery. Isolated extracranial vessel involvement can occur. Interest in extravascular manifestations is recently increasing because of diffusion of sensitive and specific imaging tools such as 18FDG PET TC . Patients have an increased relative risk of severe infection. Listeria monocytogenes infection risk is increased, and vascular system involvement and graft infection have been, even though rarely, reported...
March 16, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322037/analysis-of-klk1-polymorphism-rs5516-in-patients-with-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-or-thoracic-aortic-dissection
#4
Yiming Zhang, Hongliang Huang, Yuliang Ma, Yifeng Sun, Guohua Wang, Liming Tang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293008/-successful-emergency-management-of-an-infected-thoracic-aortic-aneurysm-rupture-using-a-pedicled-latissimus-dorsi-flap-after-stent-graft-implantation-report-of-a-case
#5
Susumu Takeuchi, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Yoshiro Hori
We report a case of ruptured mycotic thoracic aortic aneurysm treated with a pedicled latissimus dorsi flap after stent-graft implantation. The patient was a 64-year-old woman with diabetes mellitus that had developed septicemia as a result of pyelonephritis and a perinephric abscess. The patient required emergency stent-graft implantation due to rupture of an infected thoracic aortic aneurysm on hospital day 10. On hospital day 19, the abscess cavity was debrided and irrigated, and a pedicled latissimus dorsi flap was created...
March 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288887/transapical-endovascular-repair-of-thoracic-aortic-pathology
#6
Takashi Murakami, Shinsuke Nishimura, Mitsuharu Hosono, Yoshitsugu Nakamura, Etsuji Sohgawa, Yukimasa Sakai, Toshihiko Shibata
BACKGROUND: Alternative access for thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) has been explored for patients with unsuitable femoral and iliac access, but few cases of transapical access have been described. We report our experience with transapical access for various aortic pathologies. METHODS: We reviewed six cases undergoing transapical access for endovascular repair of thoracic aortic pathology between December 2013 and August 2015. Five patients had an aortic arch aneurysm and 1 patient presented with Stanford type A subacute aortic dissection...
March 10, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279722/aortobronchial-fistula-after-thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair-tevar-for-descending-thoracic-aortic-aneurysm
#7
John Nicholas Melvan, Jacob DeLaRosa, Julio C Vasquez
Continued enlargement of the aneurysm sac after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) is a known risk after endovascular treatment of thoracic aortic aneurysms. For this reason, periodic outpatient follow up is required to identify situations that require repair. Here we describe an aortobronchial fistula (ABF) in a patient lost to follow up, that presented 3 years after an elective TEVAR done for a primary, descending thoracic aortic aneurysm (dTAA). Our patient arrived in extremis and suffered massive hemoptysis leading to her demise...
March 6, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279721/the-petticoat-technique-for-complicated-acute-stanford-type-b-aortic-dissection-using-as-distal-uncovered-stent-a-tapered-self-expanding-nitinol-device
#8
Michele Antonello, Francesco Squizzato, Chiara Colacchio, Jacopo Taglialavoro, Franco Grego, Michele Piazza
PURPOSE: Provisional ExTension To Induce COmplete Attachment (PETTICOAT) technique has shown good results in the treatment of acute type B aortic dissections (ABAD). Usually uncovered tubular stainless steel stents are used to promote distal true lumen reattachment. We describe the Petticoat technique using a conic self-expanding nitinol device as distal uncovered stent. CASE REPORT: Five cases of complicated ABAD were treated using a single-flared E-XL (Jotec-GmbH) as distal uncovered stent...
March 6, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279526/applicability-and-midterm-results-of-branch-cuff-closure-with-vascular-plug-in-branched-endovascular-repair-for-thoracoabdominal-aortic-aneurysms
#9
Kiattisak Hongku, Timothy Resch, Björn Sonesson, Thorarinn Kristmundsson, Nuno V Dias
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the applicability and outcomes of the closure of unused cuffs in branched endovascular aneurysm repair (b-EVAR) of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm. METHODS: We reviewed b-EVAR procedures at a tertiary referral center to identify patients who underwent incomplete branching and needed closure of the unused branch cuffs. An electronic database and intraoperative and follow-up imaging studies were reviewed to assess technical applicability and outcomes...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268106/right-brachial-access-is-safe-for-branched-endovascular-aneurysm-repair-in-complex-aortic-disease
#10
Beatrice Fiorucci, Tilo Kölbel, Fiona Rohlffs, Franziska Heidemann, Sebastian Eike Debus, Nikolaos Tsilimparis
BACKGROUND: The risk of perioperative cerebrovascular events in endovascular repair of thoracic and thoracoabdominal aneurysms is reported from 2% to 15%. The unavoidable use of an upper extremity access during branched endovascular aneurysm repair (b-EVAR) may play a role in embolic brain injuries. For this reason, some advocate the use of a left-sided upper access to avoid crossing the origin of supra-aortic vessels. However, the assumption that right brachial access has a higher risk for stroke during b-EVAR has not been confirmed in the literature...
March 4, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259576/female-sex-independently-predicts-mortality-after-thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair-for-intact-descending-thoracic-aortic-aneurysms
#11
Sarah E Deery, Katie E Shean, Grace J Wang, James H Black, Gilbert R Upchurch, Kristina A Giles, Virendra I Patel, Marc L Schermerhorn
OBJECTIVE: Whereas sex differences in the pathogenesis, presentation, and outcomes of repair for abdominal aortic aneurysms are well studied, less is known about sex differences after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). The goal of this study was to evaluate the association between sex and morbidity and mortality after TEVAR. METHODS: A retrospective review of all TEVARs in the Society for Vascular Surgery Vascular Quality Initiative (VQI) registry from 2011 to 2015 was conducted, excluding those with dissection, trauma, and rupture...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258801/clinical-outcomes-for-endovascular-repair-of-thoracic-aortic-disease-using-the-seal-thoracic-stent-graft-a-korean-multicenter-retrospective-study
#12
Myung Gyu Song, Young Kwon Cho, Do Yun Lee, Sung Bum Cho, Hyun-Ki Yoon, Se Hwan Kwon, Hyo-Cheol Kim, Chang Jin Yoon
PURPOSE: To investigate the midterm outcomes of thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair (TEVAR) with the use of the Seal stent graft for four categories of thoracic aortic disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective multicenter study evaluated the records of 216 Korean patients who underwent TEVAR with the Seal stent graft during 2007-2010. The study outcomes were (i) perioperative death, (ii) endoleak, (iii) repeat intervention, (iv) aortic-related death, and (v) all sudden unexplained late deaths...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255218/thoracic-aortic-aneurysm-from-chronic-antiestrogen-therapy
#13
Rishi Tripathi, Sandeep Sainathan, Bulat A Ziganshin, John A Elefteriades
Aortic aneurysms are a common but often undetected pathology prevalent in the population. They are often detected as incidental findings on imaging studies performed for unrelated pathologies. Estrogens have been shown to exert a protective influence on aortic tissue. Pharmacological agents blocking the actions of estrogens may thus be implicated in causing aortic pathologies. We present the case of an elderly woman with breast carcinoma treated for 18 years with antiestrogen therapy who subsequently developed acute thoracic aortic deterioration (enlargement and wall disruption)...
March 2017: International Journal of Angiology: Official Publication of the International College of Angiology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246187/tgf-%C3%AE-family-signaling-in-connective-tissue-and-skeletal-diseases
#14
Elena Gallo MacFarlane, Julia Haupt, Harry C Dietz, Eileen M Shore
The transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) family of signaling molecules, which includes TGF-βs, activins, inhibins, and numerous bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) and growth and differentiation factors (GDFs), has important functions in all cells and tissues, including soft connective tissues and the skeleton. Specific TGF-β family members play different roles in these tissues, and their activities are often balanced with those of other TGF-β family members and by interactions with other signaling pathways...
February 28, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245643/planning-endovascular-aortic-repair-with-standard-and-fenestrated-branched-endografts
#15
REVIEW
Giuliano de Almeida Sandri, Mauricio S Ribeiro, Thanila A Macedo, Terri Vrtiska, Gustavo S Oderich
Endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) has been accepted as the first treatment option in most patients with infrarenal and thoracic aortic aneurysms. Advantages include its minimal invasive approach and lower risk of mortality and morbidity compared to open surgical repair. In patients with complex aneurysms involving side branches, novel techniques of parallel, fenestrated and branched endografts have expanded the indications of EVAR. Preoperative planning is of paramount importance to achieve technical success and to minimize risks of these procedures...
April 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242407/type-ii-endoleaks-left-arm-complications-and-need-of-revascularization-after-left-subclavian-artery-coverage-for-thoracic-aortic-aneurysms-endovascular-repair-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Sergio Quilici Belczak, Erasmo Simão da Silva, Rafael Klajner, Pedro Puech-Leão, Nelson De Luccia
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review was developed for better understanding the status of the left arm and need of revascularization as well as the occurrence of type II endoleaks from de left subclavian artery (LSA) after intentional LSA coverage for thoracic aortic aneurysms endovascular repair. DESIGN: Systematic review METHODS: Systematic literature review of studies published from January 2000 through December 2015 identified seven studies comprising 201 patients submitted to elective endovascular repair for thoracic aortic aneurysms requiring intentional LSA coverage...
February 24, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238238/bicuspid-aortic-valve-a-review-of-its-genetics-and-clinical-significance
#17
Lei Wang, Li Ming Wang, Wen Chen, Xin Chen
The aim of this review was to describe recent advancements in the understanding of bicuspid aortic valve (BAV). BAV is the most common congenital cardiac anomaly, and affects between 0.46% and 1.37% of the population. There is a male predominance of approximately 3:1.While isolated BAV is found in certain patients, it is often associated with other congenital cardiac lesions, including dilatation of the thoracic aorta, coarctation of the aorta and abnormalities of the coronary anatomy. In most cases, it remains undetected until the patient contracts infective endocarditis, or calcification occurs...
September 2016: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228701/chiropractic-management-of-a-patient-with-thoracic-pain-and-a-stable-thoracic-aortic-aneurysm-a-case-report
#18
Shawn M Neff, Casey S Okamoto
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case report was to describe chiropractic management of thoracic pain in a patient with a stable thoracic aortic aneurysm. CLINICAL FEATURES: An 89-year-old man presented with axial mid- and upper back pain localized predominantly at the T8 and T1 spinal segmental levels. A review of available imaging revealed a stable aneurysmal dilatation of the ascending aorta, which measured 4.3 cm. INTERVENTION AND OUTCOME: Because the thoracic pain was musculoskeletal in nature and the thoracic aortic aneurysm was stable, mechanical manipulation was provided using the Impulse adjusting instrument...
March 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219557/total-endovascular-repair-of-post-dissection-aortic-arch-aneurysm-with-chimney-technique
#19
Wei-Tao Liang, Su Wang, Jian Zhou, Chen-Jun Han, Qiang Liu, Xiao-Yun Wu, Wang-Fu Zang
Open surgery remains the standard procedure for treatment of aortic arch pathologies. However, total endovascular repair can be a safe option for patients who are poor candidates for surgery because of compromised physiology. We report the case of a 63-year-old man with a post-dissection aortic arch aneurysm. We repaired the aneurysm using thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) and used the chimney technique to reconstruct the supra-aortic branches. The patient is doing well after 12-month follow-up, demonstrating that TEVAR with the chimney technique can be used successfully for the treatment of post-dissection arch aneurysm...
March 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216363/durable-outcomes-of-thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair-with-zenith-tx1-and-tx2-devices
#20
Jocelyn M Beach, Yuki Kuramochi, Corey Brier, Eric E Roselli, Matthew J Eagleton
OBJECTIVE: Long-term data regarding the safety and durability of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) are limited. The study objective was to evaluate the long-term outcomes of TEVAR in high-risk patients with descending thoracic aortic pathology. METHODS: High-risk patients were treated with thoracic endografts (2001-2011) under a prospective, physician-sponsored, investigational device exemption trial. Three-dimensional reconstructions and measurements were performed on computed tomography scans acquired before discharge, at 1, 6, and 12 months, and then yearly thereafter...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
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