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Respiratory endoscopy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102625/neonatal-stridor-and-laryngeal-cyst-which-comes-first
#1
Lucia Marseglia, Gabriella D'Angelo, Pietro Impellizzeri, Vincenzo Salvo, Natalia Catalano, Rocco Bruno, Claudio Galletti, Bruno Galletti, Francesco Galletti, Eloisa Gitto
Neonatal stridor is a rare condition usually caused by laryngomalacia. Congenital laryngeal cyst represents an uncommon cause of stridor in the neonatal population and may be misinterpreted as laryngomalacia, leading to serious morbidity and mortality if diagnosis and treatment are delayed. Herein we report the case of a full-term infant with stridor, feeding problems and failure to thrive. Initially, direct laryngoscopy diagnosed only laryngomalacia. As stridor worsened, however, and respiratory distress appeared, repeat laryngoscopy showed vallecular laryngeal cyst, visible macroscopically...
January 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061013/esophagogastric-junction-contractile-integral-and-morphology-two-high-resolution-manometry-metrics-of-the-anti-reflux-barrier
#2
Hyoju Ham, Y U Kyung Cho, Han Hee Lee, Seung Bae Yoon, Chul-Hyun Lim, Jin Su Kim, Jae Myung Park, Myung-Gyu Choi
AIMS: We evaluated associations of esophagogastric junction (EGJ) metrics as an anti-reflux barrier with impedance-pH, endoscopic esophagitis, and lower esophageal sphincter (LES) metrics. METHODS: We reviewed high resolution manometry data from consecutive patients with GERD symptoms who underwent impedance-pH and endoscopy, and asymptomatic volunteers. The EGJ contractile integral (CI) was calculated as the mean contractile integral/second during three respiratory cycles...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056462/bronchial-aspiration-of-capsule-endoscope
#3
Matthieu Buscot, Sylvie Leroy, Johanna Pradelli, Nouha Chaabane, Xavier Hebuterne, Charles-Hugo Marquette, Jerôme Filippi
Capsule endoscope aspiration is an increasingly reported complication, potentially responsible for respiratory distress and asphyxia. This adverse event is primarily managed by rigid bronchoscopy when spontaneous expulsion does not occur. This complication is all the more detrimental to patients as it can delay or jeopardize further digestive exploration. We report direct repositioning of the capsule in the stomach at the same time as bronchoscopy, thus making second-line gastrointestinal endoscopy needless...
January 6, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009665/capnography-compared-to-pulse-oximetry-for-early-detection-of-respiratory-compromise-in-non-intubated-patients-undergoing-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-procedures-a-systematic-review-protocol
#4
Jace Holton, Bryan Flattery
Does the use of capnography versus pulse oximetry increase the early detection of respiratory compromise and improve safety in non-intubated patients undergoing moderate sedation for gastrointestinal endoscopy procedures?Respiratory compromise will be detected by alveolar hypoventilation/hyperventilation (EtCO2 < 35 mmHg/EtCO2 > 50 mmHg), arterial oxygen desaturation (defined as a pulse oximetry reading of <95% for >5 s), visual assessments of abnormal ventilation including apnea detection and adverse respiratory events that involve the need for bag-mask ventilation...
December 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004964/patient-safety-under-deep-sedation-for-digestive-endoscopic-procedures
#5
Julián Álvarez, Rafael Cabadas, Manuel de la Matta
Deep sedation with Propofol has become popular in recent years. The safety of this technique when administered by non-anaesthesiologists has created much controversy which at times is masked in a contentious debate on the economic sustainability of the health system. In 2011, the Spanish Society of Anaesthesiology, Resuscitation and Pain Therapy, along with 20 other organisations from European countries, revoked the recommendations of the European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy on the administration of Propofol by non-anaesthesiologists, citing that it is "extremely dangerous for the safety and quality of endoscopic procedures"...
December 22, 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928446/gastrostomy-with-peritoneal-collar-versus-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy
#6
Tudor C, Branescu C, Savlovschi C, El-Khatib A, Pantu H, Nica A, Dascalu Am, Masoumeh B, Tudor As, Oprescu Sm, Serban D
Aim. The present study aimed to perform a medico-surgical comparative analysis of the 2 most widely used techniques: gastrostomy with peritoneal collar versus percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy, based on the vast clinical experience in an Upper Digestive Surgery Clinic. Materials and method. A retrospective study was carried out between January 2010 and January 2015 on the patients admitted for a surgical solution for feeding. The indications, preoperative preparation, surgical techniques, and postoperative outcomes were analyzed...
October 2016: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863824/the-financial-impact-of-flipping-the-coin
#7
Katherine W Gonzalez, Shiva R Reddy, Angela A Mundakkal, Shawn D St Peter
BACKGROUND: Esophageal foreign body retrieval is typically performed by rigid or flexible esophagoscopy. Despite evidence supporting the efficacy and safety of balloon extraction, it is rarely performed. We sought to establish the financial benefits of this minimally invasive approach. METHODS: A retrospective review of 241 children with esophageal coins between 2011 and 2013 was performed. Coins were removed via endoscopy or fluoroscopic-guided balloon retrieval...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859573/intra-and-interobserver-reliability-estimates-for-identification-and-grading-of-upper-respiratory-tract-abnormalities-recorded-in-horses-at-rest-and-during-overground-endoscopy
#8
C L McGivney, J Sweeney, F David, J M O'Leary, E W Hill, L M Katz
BACKGROUND: Previous studies support good intra- and interobserver agreements for endoscopic evaluation of various upper respiratory tract (URT) diseases in horses. However, these studies mainly assessed resting endoscopic examination videos and/or focussed on a single URT abnormality. OBJECTIVES: To estimate intra- and interobserver agreement for identification and grading of all URT abnormalities from resting and overground endoscopy (OGE) videos of Thoroughbreds...
November 14, 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847061/endoscopic-repair-of-recurrent-tracheoesophageal-fistula-with-an-atrial-septal-occluder-device
#9
Alessandro Vivacqua, Dhananjay Malankar, Jay J Idrees, Thomas W Rice, Daniel P Raymond, Eric E Roselli
A 32-year-old woman presented with recurrent trachea-esophageal fistula. Although she had undergone open repair three times in her first year of life, a residual small leak was left. In the past 2 years she had experienced several lower respiratory tract infections and she had lost 5 kilograms in the past 2 months. Recent argon plasma coagulation cauterization and clipping of the fistula had failed, so an alternative technique with placement of an atrial septal occluder device was used to obliterate the fistula...
December 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795775/-prioperative-adverse-events-critical-reading-of-the-data-registry-used-in-the-surgery-department-of-military-hospital-moulay-ismail-meknes
#10
Hicham Kechna, Omar Ouzzad, Khalid Chkoura, Jaouad Loutid, Moulay Ahmed Hachimi, Sidi Mohamed Hanafi
INTRODUCTION: Despite significant progress made in the field of safety in anesthesia, morbidity (serious or not, completely or partially related to anesthesia) remains common and no health practitioner is immune from accidents. In the current context where priority is given to training programmes, to quality and safety improvement in health care, the occurrence of an anesthesia-related accident in the surgery department is an extremely traumatic event. The fear of prosecution, the emotional context make it difficult to manage...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788591/chloroform-ingestion-causing-severe-gastrointestinal-injury-hepatotoxicity-and-dermatitis-confirmed-with-plasma-chloroform-concentrations
#11
Dushan Jayaweera, Shawkat Islam, Naren Gunja, Chris Cowie, James Broska, Latesh Poojara, Michael S Roberts, Geoffrey K Isbister
CONTEXT: Poisoning due to chloroform ingestion is rare. The classic features of acute chloroform toxicity include central nervous system (CNS) and respiratory depression, and delayed hepatotoxicity. CASE DETAILS: A 30-year-old female ingested 20-30 mL of 99% chloroform solution, which caused rapid loss of consciousness, transient hypotension and severe respiratory depression requiring endotracheal intubation and ventilation. She was alert by 12 h and extubated 16 h post-overdose...
February 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756140/in-response-to-the-editorial-sedation-in-endoscopy-in-2016-is-it-safe-sedation-with-propofol-led-by-the-endoscopist-in-complex-situations
#12
Manuel de la Matta
It is universally accepted that deep sedation involves more risks than light-to-moderate sedation. Deep sedation for endoscopic explorations is normally provided by anesthesiologists in Spain and in most countries of the European Unión. The present debate about deep sedation-anesthesia states goes beyond the topic of cardiovascular and respiratory adverse events, and targets the cognitive consequences and global increased mortality of uncontrolled sedation states, especially in specific fragile populations...
October 19, 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713201/-fatal-respiratory-failure-developed-during-chemotherapy-for-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-that-occurred-late-after-lung-transplantation
#13
Akihiko Kitahara, Seijiro Sato, Terumoto Koike, Masanori Tsuchida
We report here a case of fatal respiratory failure developed during chemotherapy for diffuse large B cell lymphoma that occurred late after lung transplantation. 25-year- old man underwent lung transplantation from brain death donor for respiratory failure due to interstitial pneumonia at the age of 16 years old. Two years after transplantation, his respiratory function decreased gradually. Chronic lung allograft dysfunction including bronchiolitis obliterans( BOS) and restrictive allograft syndrome was suspected and immunosuppression was enhanced...
October 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705012/how-patient-controlled-sedation-is-adopted-in-clinical-practice-of-sedation-for-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-a-prospective-study-of-1196-cases
#14
Jarno Jokelainen, Marianne Udd, Leena Kylänpää, Harri Mustonen, Jorma Halttunen, Outi Lindström, Reino Pöyhiä
OBJECTIVE: Patient-controlled sedation (PCS) has been shown to be a valid choice for sedation during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in randomized studies. However, large-scale studies are lacking. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A single center, prospective observational study to determine how sedation for ERCP is administered in clinical setting. All 956 patients undergoing 1196 ERCPs in the endoscopy unit of Helsinki University Central Hospital 2012-2013, methods of sedation and adverse events associated with different sedations were recorded...
February 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698975/upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-as-the-first-manifestation-of-wegener-s-granulomatosis
#15
Hamid Tavakkoli, Mehdi Zobeiri, Mansour Salesi, Mohammad Hossein Sanei
Wegener's granulomatosis is an uncommon inflammatory disease that manifests as vasculitis, granulomatosis, and necrosis. It usually involves the upper and lower respiratory tracts and kidneys. Although it may essentially involve any organ, gastrointestinal (GI) involvement is notably uncommon. A 20-year-old male patient presented with epigastric pain, vomiting, hematemesis, and melena. On physical examination, he was pale. There was no abdominal tenderness or organomegaly. Upper GI endoscopy revealed dark blue-colored infiltrative lesions in prepyloric area...
July 2016: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671621/clinical-value-of-the-integrated-pulmonary-index-%C3%A2-during-sedation-for-interventional-upper-gi-endoscopy-a-randomized-prospective-tri-center-study
#16
Andrea Riphaus, Till Wehrmann, Tim Kronshage, Christoph Geist, Christian P Pox, Stefan Heringlake, Wolff Schmiegel, Analena Beitz, Alexander Meining, Michaela Müller, Stefan von Delius
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: The Integrated Pulmonary Index(®) (IPI) is a mathematically-determined factor based on parameters of capnography and pulse oximetry, which should enable sensitive detection of impaired respiratory function. Aim was to investigate whether an additional measurement of the IPI during sedation for interventional endoscopy, compared to standard monitoring alone, allows a reduction of sedation-related respiratory depression. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 170 patients with standard monitoring randomly underwent either a blinded recording of capnography (control group, n=87) or capnography, including automated IPI calculation (IPI group, n=83), during deep sedation with midazolam and propofol...
January 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651932/trends-and-current-status-of-general-thoracic-surgery-in-japan-revealed-by-review-of-nationwide-databases
#17
REVIEW
Meinoshin Okumura
Nationwide databases of cases treated for thoracic disease have been established by several academic associations in Japan, which contain information showing trends and current status in regard to surgical treatment. The Japanese Association of Thoracic Surgery (JATS), Japanese Association of Chest Surgery (JACS), Japan Lung Cancer Society (JLCS), Japanese Respiratory Society (JRS), and Japan Society for Respiratory Endoscopy (JSRE) have maintained databases of lung cancer cases treated in Japan. In 1986, the number of general thoracic surgery cases was 15,544, which increased to 75,306 in 2013...
August 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621611/association-between-helicobacter-pylori-seropositivity-and-mild-to-moderate-copd-clinical-implications-in-an-asian-country-with-a-high-prevalence-of-h-pylori
#18
Ha Youn Lee, Ji Won Kim, Jung Kyu Lee, Eun Young Heo, Hee Soon Chung, Deog Keom Kim
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori infection is a major cause of gastric diseases. The clinical implications of H. pylori infection in various diseases outside the gastrointestinal system have also been reported, including in some respiratory disorders. In this study, we investigated the seroprevalence of H. pylori in patients with mild to moderate COPD in an Asian country with a high prevalence of H. pylori infection. Also, we aimed to elucidate the association between the seroprevalence of H...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598398/bispectral-index-monitoring-reduces-the-dosage-of-propofol-and-adverse-events-in-sedation-for-endobronchial-ultrasound
#19
Natividad Quesada, Diego Júdez, Javier Martínez Ubieto, Ana Pascual, Enrique Chacón, Francisco De Pablo, Elisa Mincholé, Salvador Bello
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines recommend monitoring the anesthetic depth of sedation during respiratory endoscopy by using clinical scales despite their subjective nature and the potential change in the level of sedation caused by frequent stimulation. Monitoring by means of the bispectral index (BIS) has shown its utility in reducing the use of drugs and their adverse events in general anesthesia, but evidence in prolonged sedation is insufficient. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate BIS in patients undergoing endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS)...
2016: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591447/-pneumomediastinum-a-case-report
#20
Katarzyna Szmygin-Milanowska, Anna Grzywa-Celińska, Adam Krusiński, Magdalena Cielma, Agnieszka Wawrzecka, Justyna Emeryk-Maksymiuk, Janusz Milanowski
UNLABELLED: Pneumomediastinum is a rare disorder which often occurs without symptoms. It is sometimes a result of an injury but most often it is spontaneous. Pneumothorax may be iatrogenic; one of the reasons might be tracheotomy. Pneumomediastinum in some cases may be the threat to life and health. In this rare cases surgical intervention is needed, however pneumomediastinum is usually spontaneously absorbed. AIM: The aim of this study was to present the differential diagnosis of pneumomediastinum based on the case of a 60-year-old woman with tracheostomy, diagnosed eight years ago with generalized irreversible narrowing of the trachea and bronchi (suspicion of tracheobronchopathia osteochondroplastica)...
August 2016: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
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