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Respiratory endoscopy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863824/the-financial-impact-of-flipping-the-coin
#1
Katherine W Gonzalez, Shiva R Reddy, Angela A Mundakkal, Shawn D St Peter
BACKGROUND: Esophageal foreign body retrieval is typically performed by rigid or flexible esophagoscopy. Despite evidence supporting the efficacy and safety of balloon extraction, it is rarely performed. We sought to establish the financial benefits of this minimally invasive approach. METHODS: A retrospective review of 241 children with esophageal coins between 2011 and 2013 was performed. Coins were removed via endoscopy or fluoroscopic-guided balloon retrieval...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859573/intra-and-inter-observer-reliability-estimates-for-identification-and-grading-of-upper-respiratory-tract-abnormalities-recorded-in-horses-at-rest-and-during-overground-endoscopy
#2
C L McGivney, J Sweeney, F David, J M O'Leary, E W Hill, L M Katz
BACKGROUND: Previous studies support good intra- and inter-observer agreements for endoscopic evaluation of various upper respiratory tract (URT) diseases in horses. However, these studies mainly assessed resting endoscopic examination videos and/or focussed on a single URT abnormality. OBJECTIVES: To estimate intra- and inter-observer agreement for identification and grading of all URT abnormalities from resting and overground endoscopy (OGE) videos of Thoroughbreds...
November 14, 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847061/endoscopic-repair-of-recurrent-tracheoesophageal-fistula-with-an-atrial-septal-occluder-device
#3
Alessandro Vivacqua, Dhananjay Malankar, Jay J Idrees, Thomas W Rice, Daniel P Raymond, Eric E Roselli
A 32-year-old woman presented with recurrent trachea-esophageal fistula. Although she had undergone open repair three times in her first year of life, a residual small leak was left. In the past 2 years she had experienced several lower respiratory tract infections and she had lost 5 kilograms in the past 2 months. Recent argon plasma coagulation cauterization and clipping of the fistula had failed, so an alternative technique with placement of an atrial septal occluder device was used to obliterate the fistula...
December 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795775/-prioperative-adverse-events-critical-reading-of-the-data-registry-used-in-the-surgery-department-of-military-hospital-moulay-ismail-meknes
#4
Hicham Kechna, Omar Ouzzad, Khalid Chkoura, Jaouad Loutid, Moulay Ahmed Hachimi, Sidi Mohamed Hanafi
INTRODUCTION: Despite significant progress made in the field of safety in anesthesia, morbidity (serious or not, completely or partially related to anesthesia) remains common and no health practitioner is immune from accidents. In the current context where priority is given to training programmes, to quality and safety improvement in health care, the occurrence of an anesthesia-related accident in the surgery department is an extremely traumatic event. The fear of prosecution, the emotional context make it difficult to manage...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788591/chloroform-ingestion-causing-severe-gastrointestinal-injury-hepatotoxicity-and-dermatitis-confirmed-with-plasma-chloroform-concentrations
#5
Dushan Jayaweera, Shawkat Islam, Naren Gunja, Chris Cowie, James Broska, Latesh Poojara, Michael S Roberts, Geoffrey K Isbister
CONTEXT: Poisoning due to chloroform ingestion is rare. The classic features of acute chloroform toxicity include central nervous system (CNS) and respiratory depression, and delayed hepatotoxicity. CASE DETAILS: A 30-year-old female ingested 20-30 mL of 99% chloroform solution, which caused rapid loss of consciousness, transient hypotension and severe respiratory depression requiring endotracheal intubation and ventilation. She was alert by 12 h and extubated 16 h post-overdose...
October 28, 2016: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756140/in-response-to-the-editorial-sedation-in-endoscopy-in-2016-is-it-safe-sedation-with-propofol-led-by-the-endoscopist-in-complex-situations
#6
Manuel de la Matta
It is universally accepted that deep sedation involves more risks than light-to-moderate sedation. Deep sedation for endoscopic explorations is normally provided by anesthesiologists in Spain and in most countries of the European Unión. The present debate about deep sedation-anesthesia states goes beyond the topic of cardiovascular and respiratory adverse events, and targets the cognitive consequences and global increased mortality of uncontrolled sedation states, especially in specific fragile populations...
October 19, 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713201/-fatal-respiratory-failure-developed-during-chemotherapy-for-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-that-occurred-late-after-lung-transplantation
#7
Akihiko Kitahara, Seijiro Sato, Terumoto Koike, Masanori Tsuchida
We report here a case of fatal respiratory failure developed during chemotherapy for diffuse large B cell lymphoma that occurred late after lung transplantation. 25-year- old man underwent lung transplantation from brain death donor for respiratory failure due to interstitial pneumonia at the age of 16 years old. Two years after transplantation, his respiratory function decreased gradually. Chronic lung allograft dysfunction including bronchiolitis obliterans( BOS) and restrictive allograft syndrome was suspected and immunosuppression was enhanced...
October 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705012/how-patient-controlled-sedation-is-adopted-in-clinical-practice-of-sedation-for-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-a-prospective-study-of-1196-cases
#8
Jarno Jokelainen, Marianne Udd, Leena Kylänpää, Harri Mustonen, Jorma Halttunen, Outi Lindström, Reino Pöyhiä
OBJECTIVE: Patient controlled sedation (PCS) has been shown to be a valid choice for sedation during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in randomized studies. However, large scale studies are lacking. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A single center, prospective observational study to determine how sedation for ERCP is administered in clinical setting. All 956 patients undergoing 1196 ERCPs in the endoscopy unit of Helsinki University Central Hospital 2012-2013, methods of sedation and adverse events associated with different sedations were recorded...
October 5, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698975/upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-as-the-first-manifestation-of-wegener-s-granulomatosis
#9
Hamid Tavakkoli, Mehdi Zobeiri, Mansour Salesi, Mohammad Hossein Sanei
Wegener's granulomatosis is an uncommon inflammatory disease that manifests as vasculitis, granulomatosis, and necrosis. It usually involves the upper and lower respiratory tracts and kidneys. Although it may essentially involve any organ, gastrointestinal (GI) involvement is notably uncommon. A 20-year-old male patient presented with epigastric pain, vomiting, hematemesis, and melena. On physical examination, he was pale. There was no abdominal tenderness or organomegaly. Upper GI endoscopy revealed dark blue-colored infiltrative lesions in prepyloric area...
July 2016: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671621/clinical-value-of-the-integrated-pulmonary-index-%C3%A2-during-sedation-for-interventional-upper-gi-endoscopy-a-randomized-prospective-tri-center-study
#10
Andrea Riphaus, Till Wehrmann, Tim Kronshage, Christoph Geist, Christian P Pox, Stefan Heringlake, Wolff Schmiegel, Analena Beitz, Alexander Meining, Michaela Müller, Stefan von Delius
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: The Integrated Pulmonary Index(®) (IPI) is a mathematically-determined factor based on parameters of capnography and pulse oximetry, which should enable sensitive detection of impaired respiratory function. Aim was to investigate whether an additional measurement of the IPI during sedation for interventional endoscopy, compared to standard monitoring alone, allows a reduction of sedation-related respiratory depression. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 170 patients with standard monitoring randomly underwent either a blinded recording of capnography (control group, n=87) or capnography, including automated IPI calculation (IPI group, n=83), during deep sedation with midazolam and propofol...
September 1, 2016: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651932/trends-and-current-status-of-general-thoracic-surgery-in-japan-revealed-by-review-of-nationwide-databases
#11
REVIEW
Meinoshin Okumura
Nationwide databases of cases treated for thoracic disease have been established by several academic associations in Japan, which contain information showing trends and current status in regard to surgical treatment. The Japanese Association of Thoracic Surgery (JATS), Japanese Association of Chest Surgery (JACS), Japan Lung Cancer Society (JLCS), Japanese Respiratory Society (JRS), and Japan Society for Respiratory Endoscopy (JSRE) have maintained databases of lung cancer cases treated in Japan. In 1986, the number of general thoracic surgery cases was 15,544, which increased to 75,306 in 2013...
August 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621611/association-between-helicobacter-pylori-seropositivity-and-mild-to-moderate-copd-clinical-implications-in-an-asian-country-with-a-high-prevalence-of-h-pylori
#12
Ha Youn Lee, Ji Won Kim, Jung Kyu Lee, Eun Young Heo, Hee Soon Chung, Deog Keom Kim
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori infection is a major cause of gastric diseases. The clinical implications of H. pylori infection in various diseases outside the gastrointestinal system have also been reported, including in some respiratory disorders. In this study, we investigated the seroprevalence of H. pylori in patients with mild to moderate COPD in an Asian country with a high prevalence of H. pylori infection. Also, we aimed to elucidate the association between the seroprevalence of H...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598398/bispectral-index-monitoring-reduces-the-dosage-of-propofol-and-adverse-events-in-sedation-for-endobronchial-ultrasound
#13
Natividad Quesada, Diego Júdez, Javier Martínez Ubieto, Ana Pascual, Enrique Chacón, Francisco De Pablo, Elisa Mincholé, Salvador Bello
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines recommend monitoring the anesthetic depth of sedation during respiratory endoscopy by using clinical scales despite their subjective nature and the potential change in the level of sedation caused by frequent stimulation. Monitoring by means of the bispectral index (BIS) has shown its utility in reducing the use of drugs and their adverse events in general anesthesia, but evidence in prolonged sedation is insufficient. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate BIS in patients undergoing endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS)...
2016: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591447/-pneumomediastinum-a-case-report
#14
Katarzyna Szmygin-Milanowska, Anna Grzywa-Celińska, Adam Krusiński, Magdalena Cielma, Agnieszka Wawrzecka, Justyna Emeryk-Maksymiuk, Janusz Milanowski
UNLABELLED: Pneumomediastinum is a rare disorder which often occurs without symptoms. It is sometimes a result of an injury but most often it is spontaneous. Pneumothorax may be iatrogenic; one of the reasons might be tracheotomy. Pneumomediastinum in some cases may be the threat to life and health. In this rare cases surgical intervention is needed, however pneumomediastinum is usually spontaneously absorbed. AIM: The aim of this study was to present the differential diagnosis of pneumomediastinum based on the case of a 60-year-old woman with tracheostomy, diagnosed eight years ago with generalized irreversible narrowing of the trachea and bronchi (suspicion of tracheobronchopathia osteochondroplastica)...
August 2016: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590652/-pneumomediastinum-a-case-report
#15
Katarzyna Szmygin-Milanowska, Anna Grzywa-Celińska, Adam Krusiński, Magdalena Cielma, Agnieszka Wawrzecka, Justyna Emeryk-Maksymiuk, Janusz Milanowski
UNLABELLED: Pneumomediastinum is a rare disorder which often occurs without symptoms. It is sometimes a result of an injury but most often it is spontaneous. Pneumothorax may be iatrogenic; one of the reasons might be tracheotomy. Pneumomediastinum in some cases may be the threat to life and health. In this rare cases surgical intervention is needed, however pneumomediastinum is usually spontaneously absorbed. AIM: The aim of this study was to present the differential diagnosis of pneumomediastinum based on the case of a 60-year-old woman with tracheostomy, diagnosed eight years ago with generalized irreversible narrowing of the trachea and bronchi (suspicion of tracheobronchopathia osteochondroplastica)...
July 2016: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27524260/pseudooutbreak-of-rapidly-growing-mycobacteria-due-to-mycobacterium-abscessus-subsp-bolletii-in-a-digestive-and-respiratory-endoscopy-unit-caused-by-the-same-clone-as-that-of-a-countrywide-outbreak
#16
Thaís Guimarães, Erica Chimara, Gladys Villas Boas do Prado, Lucilaine Ferrazoli, Natalia Garcia Fernandes Carvalho, Fernanda Cristina Dos Santos Simeão, Andréia Rodrigues de Souza, Christiane A R Costa, Cristina Viana Niero, Urze Adomaitis Brianesi, Thais Romano di Gioia, Laura Maria Brasileiro Gomes, Fernanda de Souza Spadão, Maria das Graças Silva, Eduardo Guimarães Hourneaux de Moura, Anna S Levin
BACKGROUND: The nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are widely spread. In Brazil, 2,520 cases of rapidly growing mycobacteria (RGM) infections after medical procedures were reported, with 5.4% of cases related to nonsurgical invasive procedures and with an occurrence of 1 clone (BRA100) of Mycobacterium abscessus subsp bolletii. OBJECTIVE: To describe a pseudooutbreak of M abscessus subsp bolletii in an endoscopy and bronchoscopy unit. METHODS: The alert for a pseudooutbreak was given when 3 patients, in the same week, had a positive bronchoalveolar lavage culture for M abscessus subsp bolletii...
August 11, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501607/anesthetic-management-for-esophageal-stent-placement-in-an-endoscopy-unit-outside-operating-room
#17
Somchai Amornyotin, Sukanya Jirachaipitak, Surasawadee Wangnamtip
BACKGROUND: Esophageal stent placement is a minimally invasive procedure for treatment of esophageal strictures that cannot be treated with surgical procedure. It requires some forms of anesthesia. This procedure could be performed in the operating room and in the endoscopy unit. OBJECTIVE: The study is aimed to report and evaluate the choices and techniques, drugs used and complications of anesthesia in the patients undergoing esophageal stent placement procedure in an endoscopy unit outside the operating room in a developing country...
May 2016: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27440845/perforation-of-the-bowel-due-to-cytomegalovirus-infection-in-a-man-with-aids-surgery-is-not-always-necessary
#18
Katie Tharshana Yoganathan, Andrew Roger Morgan, Kathir G Yoganathan
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is the most common viral opportunistic infection in immunocompromised patients and is a rare cause of bowel perforation. It invariably requires surgical intervention and is often fatal. We report a 50-year-old Caucasian man with AIDS, presented 3 weeks after developing abdominal pain and distension. He was treated for CMV retinitis in the past. His adherence to antiretroviral therapy was poor. Examination revealed a recurrence of active CMV retinitis. His abdomen was tender and distended...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27424819/new-era-of-respiratory-endoscopy
#19
EDITORIAL
Yoshiki Ishii
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Respiratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27423746/the-prevalence-of-upper-respiratory-symptoms-in-a-cohort-of-adults-presenting-with-symptoms-of-gastro-oesophageal-reflux-disease
#20
D L Amarasiri, A Pathmeswaran, A S Dassanayake, A P de Silva, M D Adikari, P A Sanjeewa, A Jayaratne, H J de Silva
INTRODUCTION: Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) is the pathological reflux of gastric contents into the oesophagus. The oesophagus and the upper respiratory tract have a common origin from the foregut. There is increasing evidence for multiple associations of GORD with the upper respiratory tract. OBJECTIVES: To study the presence of and association of upper respiratory symptoms (URS) with GORD. METHODS: Seventy adults scoring ≥12...
June 2016: Ceylon Medical Journal
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