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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324752/vertical-ground-reaction-force-during-standing-and-walking-are-they-related-to-bone-mineral-density-left-right-asymmetries
#1
Marina Brozgol, Mira Arbiv, Anat Mirelman, Talia Herman, Jeffrey M Hausdorff, Nachum Vaisman
Osteoporosis is a systemic skeletal disease that is characterized by reduced bone mass, deterioration of bone tissue and skeletal fragility. The purpose of the current study was to determine whether asymmetrical femur bone mineral density (BMD) is associated with asymmetrical gait and standing. We compared measures of gait and standing asymmetry in subjects with (n=38) and without (n=11) significant left-right differences in BMD. Participants walked for 72m at their comfortable speed and stood quietly for 60s while outfitted with pressure-sensitive insoles...
March 7, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317485/defective-insulin-signalling-mediated-by-inflammation-connects-obesity-to-alzheimer-disease-relevant-pharmacological-therapies-and-preventive-dietary-interventions
#2
Arantxa Rodriguez-Casado, Adolfo Toledano-Díaz, Adolfo Toledano
Recent evidence suggests that obesity, besides being a risk factor for cardiovascular events, also increases the risk of Alzheimer's disease. Insulin resistance is common in all cases of obesity and appears to be the linkage between both diseases. Obesity, often associated with excessive fat and sugar intake, represents a preclinical stage toward insulin resistance during which nutrition intervention is likely to have maximum effect. In this way, healthy lifestyles lifetime to prevent obesity-related modifiable risk factors such as inflammation, oxidative stress and metabolic disorders could be simultaneously beneficial for preserving cognition and controlling the Alzheimer's...
March 16, 2017: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302101/preventing-diabetes-in-obese-latino-youth-with-prediabetes-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Erica G Soltero, Yolanda P Konopken, Micah L Olson, Colleen S Keller, Felipe G Castro, Allison N Williams, Donald L Patrick, Stephanie Ayers, Houchun H Hu, Matthew Sandoval, Janiel Pimentel, William C Knowler, Kevin D Frick, Gabriel Q Shaibi
BACKGROUND: Obese Latino adolescents are disproportionately impacted by insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Prediabetes is an intermediate stage in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes and represents a critical opportunity for intervention. However, to date, no diabetes prevention studies have been conducted in obese Latino youth with prediabetes, a highly vulnerable and underserved group. Therefore, we propose a randomized-controlled trial to test the short-term (6-month) and long-term (12-month) efficacy of a culturally-grounded, lifestyle intervention, as compared to usual care, for improving glucose tolerance and reducing diabetes risk in 120 obese Latino adolescents with prediabetes...
March 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288956/home-based-intervention-program-to-reduce-food-insecurity-in-elderly-populations-using-a-tv-app-study-protocol-of-the-randomized-controlled-trial-sa%C3%A3%C2%BAde-come-senior
#4
Ana Maria Rodrigues, Maria João Gregório, Pierre Gein, Mónica Eusébio, Maria José Santos, Rute Dinis de Sousa, Pedro S Coelho, Jorge M Mendes, Pedro Graça, Pedro Oliveira, Jaime C Branco, Helena Canhão
BACKGROUND: The limited or uncertain access to adequate food in elderly people includes not only economic restrictions but also inability of food utilization due to functional or cognitive impairment, health problems, and illiteracy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work is to present the protocol of the randomized controlled trial Saúde.Come Senior, an educational and motivational television (TV)-based intervention to promote healthy lifestyles and decrease food insecurity in elderly people...
March 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288801/perceived-impact-of-nepalese-food-and-food-culture-in-diabetes
#5
Sujata Sapkota, Jo-Anne E Brien, Josephine Gwynn, Victoria Flood, Parisa Aslani
Consuming a healthy diet forms an important component of diabetes management; however, adhering to a healthy diet is challenging. Dietary behaviour is often guided by socio-cultural, environmental and emotional factors, and not necessarily by physical and nutritional needs. This study explored Nepalese patients' perceptions of the impact of diet, diet management requirement for diabetes and how Nepalese food culture in particular influenced diet management. Interviews were conducted with Nepalese participants with type 2 diabetes in Sydney and Kathmandu; and data was thematically analysed...
March 10, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272248/awareness-of-food-nutritive-value-and-eating-practices-among-nigerian-bank-workers-implications-for-nutritional-counseling-and-education
#6
Ngozi M Eze, Felicia O Maduabum, Nkechi G Onyeke, Ngozi J Anyaegunam, Chinwe A Ayogu, Bibian Amaka Ezeanwu, Chiedu Eseadi
Adequate nutrition is an important aspect of a healthy lifestyle for all individuals, including bank staff. The objective of this study was to investigate the awareness of food nutritive value and eating practices among bank workers in Lagos State, Nigeria.The study adopted a cross-sectional descriptive survey design. A purposive sample of 250 bank workers took part in the study. Means and Student t tests were employed for data analysis.Results showed that bank workers were aware of the nutritive value of foods, and that eating practices commonly adopted included skipping breakfast, eating breakfast at work, buying food at work from the bank canteen, eating in between meals, buying snacks as lunch, and consuming soft drinks daily, among others...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269007/acceptability-of-a-team-based-mobile-health-mhealth-application-for-lifestyle-self-management-in-individuals-with-chronic-illnesses
#7
Andrea L Hartzler, Anusha Venkatakrishnan, Shiwali Mohan, Michael Silva, Paula Lozano, James D Ralston, Evette Ludman, Dori Rosenberg, Katherine M Newton, Lester Nelson, Peter Pirolli
With increased incidence of chronic illnesses arising due to unhealthy lifestyle habits, it is increasingly important to leverage technology applications to promote and sustain health behavior change. We developed a smartphone-based application, NutriWalking (NW), which recommends personalized daily exercise goals and promotes healthy nutritional habits in small peer teams. Here, we demonstrate an early study of usability and acceptability of this app in patients with type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Depression...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266744/multiple-spatially-resolved-reflection-spectroscopy-to-monitor-cutaneous-carotenoids-during-supplementation-of-fruit-and-vegetable-extracts-in-vivo
#8
M C Meinke, S B Lohan, W Köcher, B Magnussen, M E Darvin, J Lademann
BACKGROUND: A nutrition rich in fruit and vegetables and a healthy lifestyle become more and more important in the industrial countries to counteract oxidative stress and promote health. For many years, it has been possible to control human cutaneous carotenoids noninvasively by resonance Raman spectroscopic systems and by spatially resolved reflectance spectroscopy. METHODS: Ten volunteers took a commercially available fruit and vegetable extract daily for a time period of 5 weeks...
March 7, 2017: Skin Research and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265302/increased-risk-of-metabolic-disorders-in-healthy-young-adults-with-family-history-of-diabetes-from-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-survey
#9
Joon Ho Moon, Eun Roh, Tae Jung Oh, Kyoung Min Kim, Jae Hoon Moon, Soo Lim, Hak Chul Jang, Sung Hee Choi
BACKGROUND: We assessed the impact of a family history of diabetes on type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and behavioral traits in young Korean adults. METHODS: Subjects aged 25-44 years were included, and the presence of a family history of diabetes was obtained by a self-reported questionnaire (the Korea National Health and Nutrition Survey 2010). We compared the prevalence of type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome, and other metabolic parameters, including blood pressure and lipid profile...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264001/a-camera-phone-based-study-reveals-erratic-eating-pattern-and-disrupted-daily-eating-fasting-cycle-among-adults-in-india
#10
Neelu Jain Gupta, Vinod Kumar, Satchidananda Panda
The daily rhythm of feeding-fasting and meal-timing are emerging as important determinants of health. Circadian rhythm research in animal models and retrospective analyses of human nutrition data have shown that reduced length of overnight fasting or increased late night eating increases risk for metabolic diseases including obesity and diabetes. However, the daily rhythm in eating pattern in humans is rarely measured. Traditional methods to collect nutrition information through food diary and food log pay little attention to the timing of eating which may also change from day to day...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260900/analysis-concerning-nutritional-behaviors-in-the-context-of-the-risk-of-orthorexia
#11
Dominik Olejniczak, Dorota Bugajec, Mariusz Panczyk, Anna Brytek-Matera, Urszula Religioni, Aleksandra Czerw, Aleksandra Grąbczewska, Grzegorz Juszczyk, Karolina Jabłkowska-Górecka, Anna Staniszewska
Orthorexia is recognized as an eating disorder, an obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorder, or a somatoform disorder. The aim of our research was to analyze nutritional behaviors for the assessment of the risk of orthorexia. The authors developed a questionnaire in which 981 respondents participated and used it as a research method. Both men and women ate mostly 4-5 meals per day (46.30% women versus 34.74% men); however, more men than women ate 1-2 meals daily (18.95% men versus 7.9% women). Both place of birth and field of study did not differ in terms of the number of meals...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248975/8-year-trends-in-physical-activity-nutrition-tv-viewing-time-smoking-alcohol-and-bmi-a-comparison-of-younger-and-older-queensland-adults
#12
Stephanie J Alley, Mitch J Duncan, Stephanie Schoeppe, Amanda L Rebar, Corneel Vandelanotte
Lifestyle behaviours significantly contribute to high levels of chronic disease in older adults. The aims of the study were to compare the prevalence and the prevalence trends of health behaviours (physical activity, fruit and vegetable consumption, fast food consumption, TV viewing, smoking and alcohol consumption), BMI and a summary health behaviour indicator score in older (65+ years) versus younger adults (18-65 years). The self-report outcomes were assessed through the Queensland Social Survey annually between 2007-2014 (n = 12,552)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243587/estimating-the-healthiness-of-internet-recipes-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Christoph Trattner, David Elsweiler, Simon Howard
A government's response to increasing incidence of lifestyle-related illnesses, such as obesity, has been to encourage people to cook for themselves. The healthiness of home cooking will, nevertheless, depend on what people cook and how they cook it. In this article, one common source of cooking inspiration-Internet-sourced recipes-is investigated in depth. The energy and macronutrient content of 5,237 main meal recipes from the food website Allrecipes.com are compared with those of 100 main meal recipes from five bestselling cookery books from popular celebrity chefs and 100 ready meals from the three leading UK supermarkets...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237633/lifestyle-interventions-in-preschool-children-a-meta-analysis-of-effectiveness
#14
REVIEW
Jiying Ling, Lorraine B Robbins, Fujun Wen, Nanhua Zhang
CONTEXT: With healthy behaviors becoming established in the preschool years, intervening with preschool children to assist them in establishing a healthy lifestyle and maintaining a long-term healthy weight is critical. To optimize future intervention designs, this meta-analysis aimed to estimate the effects of lifestyle interventions on BMI among preschool children and explore potential intervention moderators. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: In October 2015, a search of PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, PsycINFO, ERIC, and Cochrane library databases yielded 52 eligible articles with 42 randomized intervention-control comparisons (31 prevention and 11 treatment)...
February 22, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227217/acceptability-of-a-team-based-mobile-health-mhealth-application-for-lifestyle-self-management-in-individuals-with-chronic-illnesses
#15
Andrea L Hartzler, Anusha Venkatakrishnan, Shiwali Mohan, Michael Silva, Paula Lozano, James D Ralston, Evette Ludman, Dori Rosenberg, Katherine M Newton, Lester Nelson, Peter Pirolli, Andrea L Hartzler, Anusha Venkatakrishnan, Shiwali Mohan, Michael Silva, Paula Lozano, James D Ralston, Evette Ludman, Dori Rosenberg, Katherine M Newton, Lester Nelson, Peter Pirolli, Dori Rosenberg, James D Ralston, Evette Ludman, Katherine M Newton, Lester Nelson, Anusha Venkatakrishnan, Shiwali Mohan, Michael Silva, Paula Lozano, Peter Pirolli, Andrea L Hartzler
With increased incidence of chronic illnesses arising due to unhealthy lifestyle habits, it is increasingly important to leverage technology applications to promote and sustain health behavior change. We developed a smartphone-based application, NutriWalking (NW), which recommends personalized daily exercise goals and promotes healthy nutritional habits in small peer teams. Here, we demonstrate an early study of usability and acceptability of this app in patients with type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Depression...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216110/the-current-global-state-of-key-lifestyle-characteristics-health-and-economic-implications
#16
REVIEW
Ross Arena, Amy McNeil, Michael Sagner, Andrew P Hills
The chronic disease crisis we currently face must be addressed in rapid fashion. Cardiovascular (CV) and pulmonary diseases, diabetes as well as several forms of cancer are leading causes of morbidity and mortality globally. Collectively, these conditions have a significant impact on the quality of life of individuals, families and communities, placing an unsustainable burden on health systems. There is hope for the chronic disease crisis in that these conditions are largely preventable or can be delayed to much later in life through a timeless medicine, healthy living...
February 16, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187726/results-and-lessons-learned-from-a-prevention-of-weight-gain-program-for-low-income-overweight-and-obese-young-mothers-mothers-in-motion
#17
Mei-Wei Chang, Roger Brown, Susan Nitzke
BACKGROUND: Mothers In Motion (MIM), a community-based lifestyle behavioral intervention, was designed and conducted to help low-income overweight and obese young mothers prevent further weight gain via promotion of stress management, healthy eating, and physical activity. This paper presents intervention effect on body weight (primary outcome) and summarizes lessons learned. METHODS: Participants (N = 612) were recruited from 7 Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) offices in Michigan and were individually randomized to an intervention n= 410) or a comparison (n =202) group (2: 1 ratio)...
February 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184325/impact-of-health-promoting-educational-intervention-on-lifestyle-nutrition-behaviors-physical-activity-and-mental-health-related-to-vaginal-health-among-reproductive-aged-women-with-vaginitis
#18
Roxana Parsapure, Abbas Rahimiforushani, Fereshteh Majlessi, Ali Montazeri, Roya Sadeghi, Gholamreza Garmarudi
BACKGROUND: Vaginitis is one of the most common diseases in reproductive-aged women (15 - 49 years of age). Side effects of vaginitis can affect other aspects of health, which could be prevented by promoting a healthy lifestyle related to vaginal health. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at determining the impact of health-promoting educational intervention on lifestyle (nutrition behaviors, physical activities, and mental health) related to vaginal health among reproductive-aged women with vaginitis...
October 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183371/regular-breakfast-consumption-is-associated-with-higher-blood-vitamin-status-in-adolescents-the-helena-healthy-lifestyle-in-europe-by-nutrition-in-adolescence-study
#19
Juan Mielgo-Ayuso, Jara Valtueña, Magdalena Cuenca-García, Fréderic Gottrand, Christina Breidenassel, Marika Ferrari, Yannis Manios, Stefaan De Henauw, Kurt Widhalm, Anthony Kafatos, Mathilde Kersting, Inge Huybrechts, Luis A Moreno, Marcela González-Gross
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to examine the association between different breakfast consumption patterns and vitamin intakes and blood vitamin concentrations in European adolescents. DESIGN: Breakfast consumption was assessed by a questionnaire. Vitamin intake was calculated from two 24 h recalls. Blood vitamin and total homocysteine (tHcy) concentrations were analysed from fasting blood samples. SETTING: The European Commission-funded HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) Study...
February 10, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179214/self-management-support-program-for-patients-with-cardiovascular-diseases-user-centered-development-of-the-tailored-web-based-program-vascular-view
#20
Saskia Puijk-Hekman, Betsie Gi van Gaal, Sebastian Jh Bredie, Maria Wg Nijhuis-van der Sanden, Sandra van Dulmen
BACKGROUND: In addition to medical intervention and counseling, patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) need to manage their disease and its consequences by themselves in daily life. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to describe the development of "Vascular View," a comprehensive, multi-component, tailored, Web-based, self-management support program for patients with CVD, and how this program will be tested in an early randomized controlled trial (RCT). METHODS: The Vascular View program was systematically developed in collaboration with an expert group of 6 patients, and separately with a group of 6 health professionals (medical, nursing, and allied health care professionals), according to the following steps of the intervention mapping (IM) framework: (1) conducting a needs assessment; (2) creating matrices of change objectives; (3) selecting theory-based intervention methods and practical applications; (4) organizing methods and applications into an intervention program; (5) planning the adaption, implementation, and sustainability of the program, and (6) generating an evaluation plan...
February 8, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
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