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Nutrition healthy lifestyles

L Vincze, M E Rollo, M J Hutchesson, R Callister, C E Collins
BACKGROUND: A tailored approach to nutrition and physical activity advice can support women following childbirth in managing barriers (i.e. time and childcare) to making healthy lifestyle changes. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the implementation, acceptability and preliminary efficacy of a personally tailored nutrition and exercise programme for postpartum women delivered via video-consultations by an accredited practising dietitian (APD) and accredited exercise physiologist (AEP)...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
Adam C Lipus, Juan S Leon, Susana C Calle, Karen L Andes
The objective of this article was to characterize how urbanization and indigenous identity shape nutrition attitudes and practices in El Alto, a rapidly urbanizing and predominantly indigenous (Aymara) community on Bolivia's Andean plateau. We took a qualitative ethnographic approach, interviewing health care providers ( n = 11) and conducting focus groups with mothers of young children ( n = 4 focus groups with 25 mothers total [age = 18-43 years, 60% Aymara]). Participants generally described their urban environment as being problematic for nutrition, a place where unhealthy "junk foods" and "chemicals" have supplanted healthy, "natural," "indigenous" foods from the countryside...
March 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
P Cordero, J Li, J A Oben
Obesity is the pandemic of the 21st century. Obesity comorbidities, including hypertension, dyslipidaemia and glucose intolerance define metabolic syndrome, which increases mortality risk and decreases the quality of life. Compared with lifestyles (diet and physical activity) and pharmacological interventions, bariatric surgery is by far the most effective treatment for obesity and its comorbidities. This minimally invasive surgical treatment is based on an increase of satiety (by hormonal regulation and decreasing stomach volume) or a decrease in nutrient retention (gastric and/or intestinal resection)...
December 2017: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
Laura M König, Gudrun Sproesser, Harald T Schupp, Britta Renner
BACKGROUND: Although mobile technologies such as smartphone apps are promising means for motivating people to adopt a healthier lifestyle (mHealth apps), previous studies have shown low adoption and continued use rates. Developing the means to address this issue requires further understanding of mHealth app nonusers and adoption processes. This study utilized a stage model approach based on the Precaution Adoption Process Model (PAPM), which proposes that people pass through qualitatively different motivational stages when adopting a behavior...
March 13, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Julianne Payne, Laurie Cluff, Jason Lang, Dyann Matson-Koffman, Antonio Morgan-Lopez
PURPOSE: We investigated the impact of elements of a workplace culture of health (COH) on employees' perceptions of employer support for health and lifestyle risk. DESIGN: We used 2013 and 2015 survey data from the National Healthy Worksite Program, a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)-led initiative to help workplaces implement health-promoting interventions. SETTING: Forty-one employers completed the CDC Worksite Health Scorecard to document organizational changes...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Rosita Gabbianelli, Elisabetta Damiani
Neurodegeneration represents a global problem due to the progressive increase in the aging population all over the world. The quality of life in aging and the cost for the health care system require actions to promote healthy aging. In this regard, several risk factors associated with the development of neurodegeneration can be identified, and programs to educate people on the key role of prevention could significantly ameliorate the future picture of the aging population. Here we describe the key role of the pre- and postnatal period of life during the first 1000 days of life, focusing on the importance of nutrition and a healthy lifestyle of mother and offspring for the prevention of neurodegeneration later in life...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Iris Iglesia, Inge Huybrechts, Theodora Mouratidou, Javier Santabárbara, Juan M Fernández-Alvira, Alba M Santaliestra-Pasías, Yannis Manios, Alejandro De la O Puerta, Anthony Kafatos, Frédéric Gottrand, Ascensión Marcos, Stefania Sette, Maria Plada, Peter Stehle, Dénes Molnár, Kurt Widhalm, Mathilde Kersting, Stefaan De Henauw, Luis A Moreno, Marcela González-Gross
OBJECTIVES: To determine dietary patterns (DPs) and explain the highest variance of vitamin B6 , folate, and B12 intake and related concentrations among European adolescents. METHODS: A total of 2173 adolescents who participated in the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence study met the eligibility criteria for the vitamin B intake analysis (46% boys) and 586 adolescents for the biomarkers analysis (47% boys). Two non-consecutive, 24-h, dietary recalls were used to assess the mean intakes...
November 28, 2017: Nutrition
Chagit Peles, Mary Rudolf, Michael Weingarten, Miriam Ethel Bentwich
Promoting healthy lifestyle from early childhood is a key objective in public health, yet health behaviors are often culturally driven, especially in closed-religious communities. This study aims to reveal key cultural-religious aspects of attitudes and behaviors regarding lifestyle in one such closed community-the ultra-orthodox Jewish community. In-depth interviews were conducted with 20 participants: religious leaders, educational figures, psycho-medical professionals from two major ultra-orthodox communities in Israel...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Anne Martin, Josephine N Booth, Yvonne Laird, John Sproule, John J Reilly, David H Saunders
BACKGROUND: The global prevalence of childhood and adolescent obesity is high. Lifestyle changes towards a healthy diet, increased physical activity and reduced sedentary activities are recommended to prevent and treat obesity. Evidence suggests that changing these health behaviours can benefit cognitive function and school achievement in children and adolescents in general. There are various theoretical mechanisms that suggest that children and adolescents with excessive body fat may benefit particularly from these interventions...
March 2, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Jiří Laštůvka, Sabína Oreská, Michal Tomčík, Michal Vrablík
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in patients with rheumatic diseases is increased by 50 % compared to the general population. This is a result of the increased inflammatory activity as well as modification of traditional CVD risk factors by the primary disease. So called lipid paradox, paradoxical decrease of concentrations of atherogenic plasma lipids due to increased inflammatory activity and their rise with successful anti-inflammatory treatment, is of particular importance. CVD risk in rheumatic diseases is further modified by drugs used for their treatment: while some treatment modalities increase the risk (e...
2018: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
Cheryl A M Anderson
Healthful dietary patterns have a major role in healthy lifestyles and are necessary for cardiovascular health promotion.1 Over the past decade, dietary patterns have been a focus of human nutrition research studies. This is largely because of the well-recognized fact that we do not eat nutrients, we eat foods, and that we do not eat foods in isolation, we eat them in patterns. As a result, evidence is mounting on the effectiveness of multiple dietary patterns in reducing body weight2-4 and improving cardiovascular risk...
February 26, 2018: Circulation
Derya Kayar Erginer, Neslihan Partlak Günüşen
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to determine the physical health status and healthy lifestyle behaviors of individuals with mental illness. DESIGN AND METHODS: A descriptive research design was used. The sample of the study consisted of 115 individuals with mental illness. The Health Lifestyle Behaviors Scale II was used to assess the healthy lifestyle behaviors of the participants. FINDINGS: Of the individuals, 49.6% were found to have metabolic syndrome...
February 23, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Mercedes M Morales-Alemán, Artisha Moore, Isabel C Scarinci
African Americans are disproportionately affected by diabetes and colorectal cancer. Although studies have shown the effectiveness of spiritually based health interventions delivered by community health workers to African Americans, few have described the development of the capacity-building component. This article describes this process. The development of the Healthy Congregations Healthy Communities Program (HCHC) was guided through a community-based participatory research lens and included: 1) establishment of a community coalition; 2) identification by coalition members of churches as the best venues for health promotion strategies among African Americans; 3) recruitment of churches; 4) development of a training manual; 5) recruitment and training of congregational health leaders (CHLs); and 6) "Passing of the torch" from the coalition to the CHLs who implemented the intervention in their congregations...
2018: Ethnicity & Disease
Dympna Gallagher, Barak Rosenn, Tatiana Toro-Ramos, Charles Paley, Sonia Gidwani, Michelle Horowitz, Janet Crane, Susan Lin, John C Thornton, Xavier Pi-Sunyer
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of controlling maternal gestational weight gain (GWG) in the second and third trimesters on neonate body composition. METHODS: Two hundred ten healthy women with overweight (25 > BMI < 30) or obesity (BMI ≥ 30) were randomly assigned to a lifestyle intervention (LI) program focused on controlling GWG through nutrition and activity behaviors or to usual obstetrical care (UC). Infant fat and fat-free mass (FFM) at birth were measured by using air displacement plethysmography (PEA POD) and by using quantitative magnetic resonance (QMR)...
March 2018: Obesity
Aashima Dabas, Anju Seth
Childhood obesity has been recognized as a global pandemic. Preventive strategies have proven to be the most effective public health intervention in curbing this pandemic. A multi-component approach involving dietary modification and advocacy for a healthy lifestyle comprising of regular physical activity, minimizing screen time and behavioral interventions have been found beneficial in preventing obesity. A life-cycle approach has been recommended where preventive interventions go as far back as affecting maternal, fetal and early childhood nutrition and lifestyle...
February 19, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Blanka Klimova, Kamil Kuca, Martin Valis, Jakub Hort
BACKGROUND: Currently, there is a significant increase in the number of older generation groups, which may result in serious economic and social issues. Therefore there is a need to prolong the active life of these older individuals, especially by focusing on modifying lifestyle factors such as healthy nutrition. In fact, recent research has shown that, for example, nuts are an important part of people's healthy diet because they have appeared to be neuroprotective compounds which might maintain or in some cases even improve people's cognitive functions...
February 1, 2018: Current Alzheimer Research
Kelsey E Miller, Daniel C Martz, Cathey Stoner, Audrey Jowers, Megan L Taheri, Mark A Sarzynski, Rachel A H Davis, Eric P Plaisance
AIM: Derangements in blood lipid and lipoprotein metabolism are one of the leading causes of coronary heart disease (CHD). Therapeutic lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise are often prescribed to improve blood lipid and lipoprotein characteristics, but the efficacy of a telephone-based health coaching program has not been thoroughly explored. Our purpose was to examine effects of the Our Healthy Heart (OHH) Program on blood lipid and lipoprotein characteristics of individuals with mixed dyslipidaemia...
February 2018: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
Jinju Bae, Susan Park, Jin-Won Kwon
BACKGROUND: A regular menstrual cycle is an important indicator of a healthy reproductive system. Previous studies reported obesity, stress, and smoking as the factors that are associated with irregular menstruation and early menopause. However, the integrative effects of these modifiable risk factors have not been fully understood. This study aimed to investigate the modifiable risk factors of menstrual cycle irregularity and premature menopause, as well as their individual and combined effects among adult women in Korea...
February 6, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Jenny Vilchis-Gil, Miguel Klünder-Klünder, Samuel Flores-Huerta
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a chronic low-intensity state of inflammation with metabolic alterations that, when acquired during childhood, lead to severe illness in adults. Encouraging healthy eating habits and physical activity is the basis for preventing and treating obesity and its complications. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate how a comprehensive intervention promoting healthy eating habits and physical activities in schools affects children's metabolic biomarkers. METHODS: Of four Mexico City primary schools in this study, two groups of children that were recruited at their schools were assigned to a 12-month intervention group (IG) and the other two were assigned to control groups (CGs)...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Charic D Farinango, Juan S Benavides, Jesús D Cerón, Diego M López, Rosa E Álvarez
Background: Previous studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of information and communication technologies to support healthy lifestyle interventions. In particular, personal health record systems (PHR-Ss) empower self-care, essential to support lifestyle changes. Approaches such as the user-centered design (UCD), which is already a standard within the software industry (ISO 9241-210:2010), provide specifications and guidelines to guarantee user acceptance and quality of eHealth systems...
2018: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
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