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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525995/do-socio-cultural-factors-influence-college-students-self-rated-health-status-and-health-promoting-lifestyles-a-cross-sectional-multicenter-study-in-dalian-china
#1
Sainyugu Lolokote, Tesfaldet Habtemariam Hidru, Xiaofeng Li
BACKGROUND: An unhealthy lifestyle of college students is an important public health concern, but few studies have been undertaken to examine the role of socio-cultural differences. METHODS: For this cross-sectional comparative study, data on college students' health-promoting lifestyles (HPL), as measured using the Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile (HPLP-II) scale, and self-rated health status (SRH) as measured by Sub-Optimal Health Measurement Scale (SHMS V1...
May 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523046/healthy-lifestyle-behavior-of-employees-in-small-and-medium-sized-enterprises-in-aydin-turkey
#2
Safiye Ozvurmaz, Aliye Mandiracioglu
OBJECTIVE: To determine healthy lifestyle behavior and affecting risk factors in workers at small and medium-sized enterprises from four different sectors in Aydin, Turkey. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at four different small and medium-sized enterprises in Aydin, Turkey and 264 employees participated in the study. A questionnaire was used for data collection. It consisted of questions about socio-demographic features (age, gender, marital status, education, perceived income, occupation and having children), health status, and medical history, medication use, having occupational accidents and occupational health and safety...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501417/prevalence-of-frailty-assessed-by-fried-and-kihon-checklist-indexes-in-a-prospective-cohort-study-design-and-demographics-of-the-kyoto-kameoka-longitudinal-study
#3
Yosuke Yamada, Hinako Nanri, Yuya Watanabe, Tsukasa Yoshida, Keiichi Yokoyama, Aya Itoi, Heiwa Date, Miwa Yamaguchi, Motoko Miyake, Emi Yamagata, Hajime Tamiya, Miho Nishimura, Mami Fujibayashi, Naoyuki Ebine, Mitsuyoshi Yoshida, Takeshi Kikutani, Eiichi Yoshimura, Kazuko Ishikawa-Takata, Minoru Yamada, Tomoki Nakaya, Yasuko Yoshinaka, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Hidenori Arai, Misaka Kimura
OBJECTIVE: The Kyoto-Kameoka Study was launched in 2011-2012 to identify the associations among food intake, nutritional status, physical activity, oral function, quality of life or social capital, the use of long-term care insurance (LTCI) system, and healthy lifespan in community-dwelling older people as a part of the World Health Organization Safe Community program. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study, reporting baseline demographics (cross-sectional data). SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We conducted 2 mailed self-administered questionnaire surveys; one is a complete population survey with a comprehensive survey of needs in the sphere of daily life (NSDL) that included 2 different frailty indexes, the Kihon Checklist (KCL) and the Fried phenotype, socioeconomic status, general and psychological health, and social relationships; followed by the more detailed Health and Nutrition Survey...
May 11, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498405/application-of-metabolomics-focus-on-the-quantification-of-organic-acids-in-healthy-adults
#4
Dimitris Tsoukalas, Athanasios Alegakis, Persefoni Fragkiadaki, Evangelos Papakonstantinou, Dragana Nikitovic, Aikaterini Karataraki, Alexander E Nosyrev, Emmanouel G Papadakis, Demetrios A Spandidos, Nikolaos Drakoulis, Aristides M Tsatsakis
Metabolomics, a 'budding' discipline, may accurately reflect a specific phenotype which is sensitive to genetic and epigenetic interactions. This rapidly evolving field in science has been proposed as a tool for the evaluation of the effects of epigenetic factors, such as nutrition, environment, drug and lifestyle on phenotype. Urine, being sterile, is easy to obtain and as it contains metabolized or non‑metabolized products, is a favored study material in the field of metabolomics. Urine organic acids (OAs) reflect the activity of main metabolic pathways and have been used to assess health status, nutritional status, vitamin deficiencies and response to xenobiotics...
May 10, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497901/risk-factors-of-periodontal-disease-in-vietnamese-patients
#5
Thuy A V Pham, Thoai Q Kieu, Lan T Q Ngo
AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the association of periodontitis with dental and smoking behaviors, self-perception of oral status, dental knowledge, and obesity in Vietnamese patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 367 adults who first visited the Faculty of Odonto-Stomatology, University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Information on demographic characteristics, dental and smoking behaviors, self-perception of oral status, dental knowledge, and nutritional status was investigated by a self-administered questionnaire...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489673/systematic-review-nutrition-and-physical-activity-in-the-management-of-paediatric-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#6
Philippa S Gibson, Sarah Lang, Anil Dhawan, Emer Fitzpatrick, Michelle L Blumfield, Helen Truby, Kathryn H Hart, J Bernadette Moore
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate efficacy of nutrition and physical activity interventions in the clinical management of paediatric non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The prevalence of paediatric NAFLD continues to rise alongside childhood obesity. Weight loss through lifestyle modification is currently first-line treatment, although supplementation of specific dietary components may be beneficial. METHODS: Medline, CINAHL, EMBASE, Scopus and Cochrane Libraries were systematically searched to identify randomised controlled trials (RCTs) assessing nutritional and physical activity interventions...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482855/motivation-and-obstacles-for-weight-management-among-young-women-a-qualitative-study-with-a-public-health-focus-the-troms%C3%A3-study-fit-futures
#7
Anne-Sofie Sand, Nina Emaus, Olaug S Lian
BACKGROUND: Due to a worldwide increase in overweight and obesity, weight-management through lifestyle changes has become an important public health issue. Adolescents and young adults comprise a vulnerable group. The transition into adulthood represents a stage in life when establishing good lifestyle habits for the future is important. The aim of this study was to explore motivation and obstacles for weight reduction, weight maintenance and healthy lifestyle choices in young women. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured in depth interviews with 12 young women, both overweight and normal weight, recruited from a school-based population survey...
May 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481823/favorable-outcomes-using-an-ehealth-approach-to-promote-physical-activity-and-nutrition-among-young-african-women
#8
Beth A Staffileno, Christy C Tangney, Louis Fogg
BACKGROUND: Internet and mobile devices are widely used and provide alternative approaches for promoting healthy lifestyles, yet less information is available describing outcomes of these approaches when used with young African American (AA) women at risk for developing hypertension. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we evaluated a Web-based, culturally relevant lifestyle change intervention targeting AA women (referred to as the eHealth study). METHODS: African American women, aged 18 to 45 years, with untreated prehypertension and Internet access were eligible for a 12-week study that incorporated social cognitive theory strategies...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473168/periconception-mhealth-platform-for-prevention-of-placental-related-outcomes-and-non-communicable-diseases
#9
Régine P M Steegers-Theunissen
Most placental-related pregnancy complications originate during the first trimester of pregnancy where gene-environmental interactions play a role. The environmental factors also include parental behaviors that can be positive, such as folic acid supplement use, or negative, e.g. poor lifestyle choices like smoking, and nutritional choices that contribute to obesity or micronutrient deficits. The overlapping risk factors associated with non-communicable disease are poor nutrition, smoking, and obesity. These modifiable factors differ between individuals, populations and high, middle and low income countries, but have in common that they are extremely difficult to change...
April 23, 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466982/introduction-to-proceedings-of-healthy-futures-engaging-the-oral-health-community-in-childhood-obesity-prevention-national-conference
#10
Norman Tinanoff, Katrina Holt
OBJECTIVES: The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) has worked to ensure that all children have healthy weights. To promote this goal, the RWJF has supported the Healthy Futures: Engaging the Oral Health Community in Childhood Obesity Prevention National Conference, held on November 3-4, 2016, and the proceeding of this conference. The goals of the conference were to increase understanding of the science focusing on oral health and childhood obesity, increase understanding of how to prevent childhood obesity, and provide opportunities to network and plan activities to prevent childhood obesity...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463443/implementing-a-nutrition-and-physical-activity-curriculum-in-head-start-through-an-academic-community-partnership
#11
Whitney E Zahnd, Tracey Smith, Susan J Ryherd, Melissa Cleer, Valerie Rogers, David E Steward
BACKGROUND: Schools may be an effective avenue for interventions that prevent childhood obesity. I am Moving I am Learning/Choosy Kids(©) (IMIL/CK) is a curriculum recommended by Head Start (HS) for education in nutrition, physical activity, and healthy lifestyle habits. METHODS: We formed an academic-community partnership (ACP), the Springfield Collaborative for Active Child Health, to promote prevention of childhood obesity, in part, to implement the IMIL/CK curriculum in local HS sites...
June 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463095/dietary-sources-and-sociodemographic-and-lifestyle-factors-affecting-vitamin-d-and-calcium-intakes-in-european-adolescents-the-healthy-lifestyle-in-europe-by-nutrition-in-adolescence-helena-study
#12
Cristina Julián, Theodora Mouratidou, Germán Vicente-Rodriguez, Luis Gracia-Marco, Jara Valtueña, Marcela González-Gross, Marika Ferrari, Frederic Gottrand, Yannis Manios, Alejandro de la O, Kurt Widhalm, Dénes Molnár, Antonios Kafatos, Michael Sjöström, Mathilde Kersting, Marc J Gunter, Stefaan De Henauw, Luis A Moreno, Inge Huybrechts
OBJECTIVE: To investigate dietary sources of Ca and vitamin D (VitD) intakes, and the associated sociodemographic and lifestyle factors, among European adolescents. DESIGN: Linear regression mixed models were used to examine sex-specific associations of Ca and VitD intakes with parental education, family affluence (FAS), physical activity and television (TV) watching while controlling for age, Tanner stage, energy intake and diet quality. SETTING: The Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA)Cross-Sectional Study...
May 2, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461866/life-experiences-of-patients-before-having-hypertension-a-qualitative-study
#13
Afzal Shamsi, Nahid Dehghan Nayeri, Maryam Esmaili
INTRODUCTION: Identification of causes of hypertension on the basis of the perspectives and experiences of patients is the key to success in health plans of these patients. The aim of this study was to describe the experiences of life before becoming hypertensive patients. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted during August 2015 to April 2016. Twenty-seven hypertensive patients referred to hospitals affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences were selected based on purposive sampling, and semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with them...
March 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446144/association-of-physical-activity-and-appetite-with-visual-function-related-to-driving-competence-in-older-adults
#14
Takafumi Ando, Hiroyuki Sakai, Yuji Uchiyama
BACKGROUND: Older people are at greater risk of traffic accidents, partially because of age-related declines in visual function, including reduced useful field of view (UFOV). However, lifestyle factors which cause age-related decline in UFOV remain poorly understood. We conducted a study to investigate whether physical activity and appetite status were related to UFOV test performance in healthy older adults. METHODS: Thirty community-dwelling older people (age 68...
April 26, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439385/effects-of-tailored-health-education-program-on-overweight-elementary-school-students-obesity-related-lifestyle-a-school-based-interventional-study
#15
Sharareh Haghani, Hossein Shahnazi, Akbar Hassanzadeh
OBJECTIVES: Overweight and obesity are regarded as one of the most serious health and nutrition issues worldwide. This is immediately recognizable in both children and adolescents. In this study, we aimed to determine the effects of tailored education on lifestyle modification in elementary school students in Isfahan. METHODS: In a quasi-experimental study, two elementary schools in Isfahan District 3, Iran, were randomly selected to determine the intervention and comparison groups...
March 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436236/put-two-and-two-together-to-make-the-most-of-physical-activity-and-healthy-nutrition-a-longitudinal-online-study-examining-cross-behavioural-mechanisms-in-multiple-health-behaviour-change
#16
Juliane Paech, Sonia Lippke
Recommendations for physical activity and for fruit and vegetable intake are often not translated into action due to deficits in self-regulatory strategies. The present study examines the interplay of intention, intergoal facilitation, action and coping planning and self-regulation in facilitating physical activity and healthy nutrition. In an online study, intentions and behaviours were assessed at baseline, intergoal facilitation and planning at 4-week follow-up, self-regulation, physical activity and nutrition at 6-month follow-up in a non-clinical sample...
April 23, 2017: Research in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434208/dietary-interventions-for-adults-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#17
REVIEW
Suetonia C Palmer, Jasjot K Maggo, Katrina L Campbell, Jonathan C Craig, David W Johnson, Bernadet Sutanto, Marinella Ruospo, Allison Tong, Giovanni Fm Strippoli
BACKGROUND: Dietary changes are routinely recommended in people with chronic kidney disease (CKD) on the basis of randomised evidence in the general population and non-randomised studies in CKD that suggest certain healthy eating patterns may prevent cardiovascular events and lower mortality. People who have kidney disease have prioritised dietary modifications as an important treatment uncertainty. OBJECTIVES: This review evaluated the benefits and harms of dietary interventions among adults with CKD including people with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) treated with dialysis or kidney transplantation...
April 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423745/reasoning-and-data-representation-in-a-health-and-lifestyle-support-system
#18
Sten Hanke, Karl Kreiner, Johannes Kropf, Marc Scase, Christian Gossy
Case-based reasoning and data interpretation is an artificial intelligence approach that capitalizes on past experience to solve current problems and this can be used as a method for practical intelligent systems. Case-based data reasoning is able to provide decision support for experts and clinicians in health systems as well as lifestyle systems. In this project we were focusing on developing a solution for healthy ageing considering daily activities, nutrition as well as cognitive activities. The data analysis of the reasoner followed state of the art guidelines from clinical practice...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419459/how-can-we-restrict-the-sale-of-sports-and-energy-drinks-to-children
#19
REVIEW
Gillian Jean
High sugar drinks (HSD) including fruit drinks, soft drinks, sports drinks, and energy drinks, are of no nutritional value and contribute to the burden of dental disease in all age groups. The manufacturers of sports and energy drinks have elected to target children in their marketing campaigns and promote a misleading association between their products, healthy lifestyles and sporting prowess. The WHO has acknowledged that strategies aimed at prevention of dental disease are the only economically viable options for managing the oral health of children in low and middle income countries...
April 17, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419002/skeletal-muscle-remodeling-interconnections-between-stem-cells-and-protein-turnover
#20
Nicholas A Burd, Michael De Lisio
Nutrition and exercise are important components of a healthy lifestyle to improve rates of hypertrophic and non-hypertrophic skeletal muscle remodeling. We provide evidence to support the hypothesis that muscle stem cells and protein turnover are collaborative, not separate, mechanisms supporting muscle remodeling by facilitating protein, nuclear, and cellular turnover in response to the ingestion of protein dense foods and exercise.
April 17, 2017: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
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