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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668148/-adolescence-and-sexuality-a-risky-business-how-best-to-inform-parents
#1
Michal Yaron, Cindy Soroken, Françoise Narring, Céline Brockmann, Arnaud Merglen
Parents are often reluctant to discuss sexuality and romantic relationships with their teenagers. However, these discussions can have a strong impact on their children's health. Care providers can act as a reliable source of information to support parents in this task. Through repeated short interactions with their child over their adolescence, parents can cover most topics related to sexuality, based on teenagers' questions and the situations that they face (e.g. LGBT bullying at school). This article summarizes current best practice on how to facilitate parental dialogue with adolescents about sexuality and offer care providers guidance in transmitting this information to parents...
April 18, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668143/-care-for-unaccompanied-minor-migrant-adolescents-at-the-youth-health-consultation-support-psychotherapy-and-resilience
#2
Cédric Devillé, Nelle Lambert
The Unité Santé Jeunes of the Geneva University Hospitals offers multidisciplinary care to young people between the ages of 12 years and 25 years, including unaccompanied minor migrant adolescents. The psychiatrist and child psychiatrist of the unit participate actively. These young people are primarily teenagers, but it is clear from our experience that their care has some specificities and require an adaptation of the framework. The aim of this article is to open the reflection on socio-legal-educational support and the care to offer them to help them feeling secure and a different psychotherapeutic space...
April 18, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664510/rapunzel-syndrome-with-double-simultaneous-trichobezoar-in-a-teenager-clinical-case-report
#3
Miguel Bargas Ochoa, María Xacur Hernández, Mariela Espadas Torres, Alexis Quintana Gamboa, Iddar Tappan Lavadores, Nina Méndez Domínguez
Resumen: Introduction: Trichobezoars are an intraluminal accumulation of ingested hair. The Rapunzel syndrome refers to the presence of gastric trichobezoars which extend to the small intestine together with trichotillomania and trichophagia, that occur predominantly in psychiatric patients of pediatric age. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical course and resolution of this syndrome in a case report. Likewise, we provide information about the family environment and psycho-emotional context of the patients and help the reader identify similar circumstances in their clinical practice...
February 2018: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661189/origins-in-the-usa-in-the-1980s-of-the-warning-that-smokeless-tobacco-is-not-a-safe-alternative-to-cigarettes-a-historical-documents-based-assessment-with-implications-for-comparative-warnings-on-less-harmful-tobacco-nicotine-products
#4
Lynn T Kozlowski
BACKGROUND: Before the 1980s in the USA, smokeless tobacco carried no health warnings, was not judged to cause disease, and was a declining practice. In 1986, the federal government passed legislation requiring rotating warnings on "mouth cancer," "gum disease and tooth loss," and "This product is not a safe alternative to cigarettes." This paper explores the history of the establishment of these warnings with emphasis on the 'not a safe alternative' warning and the bases for claiming that smokeless was 'not safe' (absolute harm) versus 'not safer than cigarettes' (relative harm)...
April 16, 2018: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660589/predicting-reading-ability-in-teenagers-who-are-deaf-or-hard-of-hearing-a-longitudinal-analysis-of-language-and-reading
#5
Sarah Worsfold, Merle Mahon, Hannah Pimperton, Jim Stevenson, Colin Kennedy
BACKGROUND: Deaf and hard of hearing (D/HH) children and young people are known to show group-level deficits in spoken language and reading abilities relative to their hearing peers. However, there is little evidence on the longitudinal predictive relationships between language and reading in this population. AIMS: To determine the extent to which differences in spoken language ability in childhood predict reading ability in D/HH adolescents. METHODS: and procedures: Participants were drawn from a population-based cohort study and comprised 53 D/HH teenagers, who used spoken language, and a comparison group of 38 normally hearing teenagers...
April 13, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659172/optic-disc-drusen-understanding-an-old-problem-from-a-new-perspective
#6
REVIEW
Steffen Hamann, Lasse Malmqvist, Fiona Costello
Optic disc drusen (ODD) are acellular deposits located in the optic nerve head of up to 2.4% of the population. They may develop as by-products of impaired axonal metabolism in genetically predisposed individuals, in whom a narrow scleral canal is hypothesized to play a role. Although ODD are often considered as benign innocent bystanders, recognized as part of a routine ophthalmological examination, the vast majority of patients with ODD have visual field defects. Optic disc drusen (ODD)-associated complications with severe visual loss, most often due to anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy, are also known to occur...
April 16, 2018: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652955/-neurodevelopmental-assessment-of-patients-with-congenital-hypothyroidism
#7
Alicia Núñez, Paula Bedregal, Carlos Becerra, Francisca Grob L
Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is the most common cause of preventable cognitive disability worldwide. Generally, it is produced by an alteration in the embryogenesis of the thyroid gland or by an alteration in the synthesis of thyroid hormones, which determine that affected patients have low or absent thyroid hormone concentrations. The importance of this fact is that brain development during the first three years of life is highly dependent on thyroid hormones. Prior to the implementation of national neonatal screening programs around the world, 8 to 27% of children with CH had an IQ lower than 70...
December 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652944/epidemiology-of-sepsis-in-brazil-incidence-lethality-costs-and-other-indicators-for-brazilian-unified-health-system-hospitalizations-from-2006-to-2015
#8
Ricardo Alfredo Quintano Neira, Silvio Hamacher, André Miguel Japiassú
BACKGROUND: Sepsis is considered a major worldwide health burden, with high mortality and associated costs. Health indicators are essential to define strategies to improve the treatment of diseases, and the epidemiology information of sepsis in developing countries is scarce. Thus, the aim of this work is to assess trends in the incidence, lethality, costs, and other indicators of sepsis for Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS-Sistema Único de Saúde) hospitalizations for the period from January 2006 to December 2015...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651398/teenage-rhinoplasty
#9
Abdoljalil Kalantar-Hormozi, Roozbeh Ravar, Ali Abbaszadeh-Kasbi, Nazanin Rita Davai
BACKGROUND: Rhinoplasty is among the most popular aesthetic surgical procedures selected by teenagers. When it comes to teenagers' rhinoplasty, almost all surgeons believe that modified techniques should be considered because the nose is still growing. In this article, we prospectively followed teenagers who had undergone septorhinoplasty to assess the safety of procedure and its possible complications. METHODS: All the patients who were under 18 years old but for those who had a bleeding disorder, allergic rhinitis, and cleft lip nose were included in the study...
January 2018: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650213/the-experience-of-adolescents-having-mentally-ill-parents-with-pasung
#10
Andi Buanasari, Novy Helena Catharina Daulima, Ice Yulia Wardani
OBJECTIVE: Lack of knowledge and powerlessness make family restrains, chains or confines (pasung) the family member with mental illness. This study aimed to explore the experience of adolescents having mentally ill parents with pasung. METHOD: To achieve detailed and accurate understandings of adolescents' experiences, this study used a qualitative research design with a phenomenological approach. Purposive sampling was employed to find teenagers aged 12-19 years old who had mentally ill parents with pasung...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648944/parents-concerns-regarding-the-growth-characteristics-of-their-adolescents-a-qualitative-inquiry-in-iran
#11
Mohammad Ali Cheraghi, Parvaneh Rezasoltani, AbouAli Vedadhir, Ziba Taghizadeh, Seyyed Hossein Samadanifard
In recent times, parents have become increasingly concerned, both subjectively and objectively, about their adolescents' body height/weight growth. Parent-adolescent interactions about this issue and the potential socio-psychological consequences of such interactions should be considered as an important influencing factor on the future of adolescents' sexual and reproductive health. To achieve a greater understanding of such concerns, it is necessary to further elucidate parents' experiences on this topic, so as to expand the existing literature...
December 2018: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644516/correction-to-hypervigilance-to-a-gluten-free-diet-and-decreased-quality-of-life-in-teenagers-and-adults-with-celiac-disease
#12
Randi L Wolf, Benjamin Lebwohl, Anne R Lee, Patricia Zybert, Norelle R Reilly, Jennifer Cadenhead, Chelsea Amengual, Peter H R Green
The original version of the article unfortunately contained formatting errors in Table 3. The correct version of Table 3 is given below.
April 11, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629683/near-real-time-tracking-of-gaps-in-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-in-three-districts-of-kwazulu-natal-province-south-africa
#13
F Moyo, A Haeri Mazanderani, S Bhardwaj, O B Mhlongo, T Kufa, K Ng'oma, B A Smith, G G Sherman
BACKGROUND: Identifying and addressing gaps in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) is required if South Africa (SA) is to achieve targets for eliminating MTCT (eMTCT). Potential PMTCT gaps that increase MTCT risk include late maternal HIV diagnosis, lack of or delayed antiretroviral therapy (ART) during pregnancy and breastfeeding, and lack of effective prophylaxis for HIV-exposed infants. OBJECTIVES: To investigate, in near real time, PMTCT gaps among HIV-infected infants in three districts of KwaZulu-Natal Province, SA...
March 28, 2018: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629050/perceptions-of-teenage-women-about-marriage-in-adolescence-in-an-iranian-setting-a-qualitative-study
#14
Afrouz Mardi, Abbas Ebadi, Zahra Behboodi Moghadam, Shirin Shahbazi
Background and aim: Early marriage threatens the health and human rights of millions of girls all around the world. The aim of this study was to explore the perceptions of Iranian teenage women about marriage in adolescence. Methods: A qualitative study was conducted based on the conventional content analysis approach on 14 teenage married women (aged13-19 years) who attended all urban-rural healthcare centers (4 centers) in Ardabil, Iran between May 2016 and Jan 2017...
February 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626242/incidence-of-kidney-stone-disease-in-icelandic-children-and-adolescents-from-1985-to-2013-results-of-a-nationwide-study
#15
Vidar O Edvardsson, Solborg E Ingvarsdottir, Runolfur Palsson, Olafur S Indridason
BACKGROUND: An increase in the incidence of kidney stone disease has been reported for all age groups worldwide. To examine this trend, we conducted a nationwide study of the epidemiology of kidney stones in Icelandic children and adolescents over a 30-year period. METHODS: Computerized databases of all major hospitals and medical imaging centers in Iceland were searched for International Classification of Diseases and radiologic and surgical procedure codes indicative of kidney stones in patients aged < 18 years, followed by a thorough medical record review...
April 6, 2018: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626163/should-a-teenager-be-allowed-to-leave-the-hospital-ama-to-attend-his-father-s-funeral
#16
Thomas Kania, Melissa Schafer, Amy E Caruso Brown, Robert S Olick, John D Lantos
What should physicians do when an adolescent wishes to risk his physical health and leave the hospital to attend the funeral of his late father? What if the young man's mother, and only remaining guardian, both supports and encourages such a decision? In this Ethics Rounds discussion, we examine the legality, morality, and safety of discharging a minor under such conditions.
April 6, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625299/spatiotemporal-variability-of-polybrominated-diphenyl-ether-concentration-in-atmospheric-fine-particles-in-shenzhen-china
#17
Jinling Peng, Dongting Wu, Yousheng Jiang, Jianqing Zhang, Xiaoshi Lin, Shaoyou Lu, Pengpeng Han, Jian Zhou, Shengnong Li, Yixiong Lei, Jinsong Chen
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are widely used as flame retardants for various products and have become ubiquitous pollutants in environmental media. However, little is known about PBDE levels in Shenzhen, a manufacturing center of electronic products. This study aimed to investigate spatiotemporal variability of PBDE concentration in atmospheric fine particles (PM2.5 ) and to estimate the daily inhalation exposure doses for local residents in Shenzhen, China. A total of 36 samples were collected and 8 PBDE compounds (BDE-28, 47, 99, 100, 153, 154, 183 and 209) were analyzed by isotope dilution high-resolution gas chromatograph/high-resolution mass spectrometer (HRGC/HRMS)...
April 3, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623035/maltreatment-the-oxytocin-receptor-gene-and-conduct-problems-among-male-and-female-teenagers
#18
Dimitrios Andreou, Erika Comasco, Cecilia Åslund, Kent W Nilsson, Sheilagh Hodgins
The oxytocin receptor gene ( OXTR ) influences human behavior. The G allele of OXTR rs53576 has been associated with both prosocial and maladaptive behaviors but few studies have taken account of environmental factors. The present study determined whether the association of childhood maltreatment with conduct problems was modified by OXTR rs53576 genotypes. In a general population sample of 1591 teenagers, conduct problems as well as maltreatment were measured by self-report. DNA was extracted from saliva samples...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618943/a-longitudinal-examination-of-us-teen-childbearing-and-smoking-risk
#19
Stefanie Mollborn, Juhee Woo, Richard G Rogers
BACKGROUND: Teenage motherhood and smoking have important health implications for youth in the United States and globally, but the link between teen childbearing and subsequent smoking is inadequately understood. The selection of disadvantaged young women into early childbearing and smoking may explain higher smoking levels among teen mothers, but teen motherhood may also shape subsequent smoking through compromised maternal depression or socioeconomic status, and race/ethnicity may condition these processes...
January 2018: Demographic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610502/gingival-hyperplasia-as-a-presenting-symptom-of-crohn-s-disease-in-a-teenager
#20
N Hoogenes, S C Kommers, K H N de Boer, A L Görts, E A J M Schulten, T G J de Meij
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
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