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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027807/annals-express-biochemistry-of-the-menopause
#1
John W Honour
The life of a human female is characterised from teenage years by monthly menstruation which ceases (the menopause) typically between the age of 40 and 60 years. The potential for reproduction declines and ceases as the ovaries become depleted of follicles. A transition period in mid-life, for 2 to 10 years, when menstruation is less regular is called the peri-menopause. The menopause is associated with a significant decline in plasma concentrations of sex hormones, an increase in the concentrations of the gonadotrophins and changes in other hormones such as the inhibins...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026670/rare-case-of-conus-medullaris-glioblastoma-multiforme-in-a-teenager
#2
Lakhdar Fayçal, Bougrine Mouna, El Abbadi Najia
BACKGROUND: Primary intramedullary spinal glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) lesions are very rare comprising only 1.5% of all spinal cord tumors. These lesions typically result in rapid neurological deterioration and are associated with a very poor prognosis. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 16-year-old male exhibited a slowly progressive paraparesis with urinary incontinence, ultimately resulting in paraplegia. On magnetic resonance (MR), he was diagnosed with an intramedullary GBM of the spinal cord extending from the T9 level through the conus medullaris...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026431/enablers-and-barriers-to-success-among-mothers-planning-to-exclusively-breastfeed-for-six-months-a-qualitative-prospective-cohort-study-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#3
Ngcwalisa Amanda Jama, Aurene Wilford, Zandile Masango, Lyn Haskins, Anna Coutsoudis, Lenore Spies, Christiane Horwood
BACKGROUND: Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for the first six months of life is the most important determinant of child health and development, and is the recommended feeding practice for all mothers. However, EBF rates remain low in South Africa. This study aimed to prospectively explore enablers or barriers to success among mothers who planned to exclusively breastfeed their infants for the first six months of life, in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. METHODS: A qualitative, longitudinal cohort design was adopted...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026376/diversities-in-timing-of-sexual-debut-among-nigerian-youths-aged-15-24-years-parametric-and-non-parametric-survival-analysis-approach
#4
Adeniyi Francis Fagbamigbe, Erhabor Idemudia
OBJECTIVE: This study examined gender, generational, cultural and social diversities in timing of sexual debut among Nigerian youths and determined factors influencing the timings. METHODS: We extracted data of respondents aged 15-24 years from 2012 Nigeria nationally representative data. The outcome of interest was time at sexual debut while predictors included residence, marital status, zones, education, religion, age at first marriage. Data was censored, cox proportional hazard and generalized gamma models were used to model age at sexual debut with p=0...
March 2017: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023067/studies-on-staphylococcus-aureus-isolated-from-pimples
#5
Ajayi Adesola Adetutu, Bibi Oritsewehinmi, Oniha Margaret Ikhiwili, Atolagbe Oluwabunmi Moradeke, Anosike Selina Odochi, Onibokun Elizabeth Adeola
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Pimples (acne) are small skin lesions or inflammations of the skin. The most common factor causing acne is the hormonal changes that occur during adolescent and teenage years. Antibiotics are becoming less effective in the treatment of pimples due to increasing concerns of antibiotic resistance. This study was therefore carried out to characterize the isolates from the pimples of Covenant University Students and to determine their antibiotics sensitivity pattern...
2017: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences: PJBS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022770/exploring-adolescents-cancer-journey-through-photovoice-a-narrative-synthesis
#6
Mark Niepage, Georgi Georgievski, Wendy Shama, Sonia Lucchetta
PURPOSE: Photovoice is a novel and promising intervention for working with youth in healthcare settings. Despite this, few studies have examined the efficacy of photovoice as a clinical tool for working with teenagers who are on their cancer journey. To better understand the needs of teenagers with cancer and the ways that photovoice can be utilized to address these needs, a systematic review of the literature was undertaken. METHODS: Keyword searches of six databases were completed, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Social Work Abstracts, Sociological Abstracts, and Health and Psychosocial Instruments...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020047/correlates-of-institutional-deliveries-among-teenage-and-non-teenage-mothers-in-nepal
#7
Pawan Acharya, Tara Ballav Adhikari, Dipika Neupane, Kiran Thapa, Parash Mani Bhandari
INTRODUCTION: Globally, maternal age is identified as an important predictor of institutional service utilization during delivery. This study aims to assess the correlates of institutional delivery among teenage and non-teenage mothers in Nepal by using the data from Nepal Demographic and Health Survey 2011. METHODS: The study population consisted of 5391 women of reproductive age (15-49 years) who had given birth to a child within five years before the survey. Out of them, 381 (7...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020024/an-application-of-the-continuous-opinions-and-discrete-actions-coda-model-to-adolescent-smoking-initiation
#8
Ruoyan Sun, David Mendez
We investigated the impact of peers' opinions on the smoking initiation process among adolescents. We applied the Continuous Opinions and Discrete Actions (CODA) model to study how social interactions change adolescents' opinions and behaviors about smoking. Through agent-based modeling (ABM), we simulated a population of 2500 adolescents and compared smoking prevalence to data from 9 cohorts of adolescents in the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) from year 2001 till 2014. Our model adjusts well for NSDUH data according to pseudo R2 values, which are at least 96%...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017678/mammary-analogue-secretory-carcinoma-of-parotid-gland-in-a-teenage-boy
#9
Humera Mahmood, Hadia Fatima, Mohammad Faheem
Mammary analogue secretory carcinoma (MASC) is a rare salivary gland malignancy that exhibits resemblance with secretory carcinoma of the breast (SC) due to the presence of ETV6-NTRK3 gene fusion, formerly classified as acinic cell carcinoma. It is a slowly growing painless tumor that exhibits wide range of clinical behavior. This tumor typically affects middle aged people. Less than 100 such cases have been reported in the literature so far with only 8 case reports of patients less than 19 years of age. Very little is known about the clinical management of such cases...
September 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016200/analysis-of-movement-acceleration-of-down-s-syndrome-teenagers-playing-computer-games
#10
Daniela Carrogi-Vianna, Paulo Batista Lopes, Raquel Cymrot, Jefferson Jesus Hengles Almeida, Marcos Lomonaco Yazaki, Silvana Maria Blascovi-Assis
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate movement acceleration characteristics in adolescents with Down syndrome (DS) and typical development (TD), while playing bowling and golf videogames on the Nintendo(®) Wii™. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample comprised 21 adolescents diagnosed with DS and 33 with TD of both sexes, between 10 and 14 years of age. The arm swing accelerations of the dominant upper limb were collected as measures during the bowling and the golf games...
October 10, 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987302/ricin-poisoning-after-oral-ingestion-of-castor-beans-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature-and-laboratory-testing
#11
Oscar F Lopez Nunez, Anthony F Pizon, Kenichi Tamama
BACKGROUND: Ricin is a protein toxin derived from the castor bean plant Ricinus communis. Several cases secondary to its consumption have been published and, more recently, its use as a potential bioterrorism agent has also been reported. Oral absorption of ricin is highly erratic, leading to a wide spectrum of symptoms. In addition, conventional urine drug screening tests will not be able to detect this compound, posing a diagnostic challenge. CASE REPORT: A male teenager intended to die by ingesting 200 castor beans after mixing and blending them with juice...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986659/hpv-vaccination-in-japan-results-of-a-3-year-follow-up-survey-of-obstetricians-and-gynecologists-regarding-their-opinions-toward-the-vaccine
#12
Masaaki Sawada, Yutaka Ueda, Asami Yagi, Akiko Morimoto, Ruriko Nakae, Reisa Kakubari, Hazuki Abe, Tomomi Egawa-Takata, Tadashi Iwamiya, Shinya Matsuzaki, Eiji Kobayashi, Kiyoshi Yoshino, Tadashi Kimura
BACKGROUND: In Japan, the cervical cancer preventative HPV vaccination rate has dramatically declined, directly as a result of repeated broadcasts of so-called adverse events and the resulting suspension of the government's recommendation. Our previous survey of obstetricians and gynecologists in Japan regarding their opinions toward HPV vaccination revealed that these key specialists were as negatively influenced by the reports of purported negative events as were the general population...
October 6, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985919/contributing-factors-of-teenage-pregnancy-among-african-american-females-living-in-economically-disadvantaged-communities
#13
Lauren Summers, Young-Me Lee, Hyeonkyeong Lee
AIM: To identify contributing factors that increased the risk of pregnancy among African-American adolescent females living in economically disadvantaged communities and to evaluate the current pregnancy prevention programs addressing these factors in order to provide suggestions for the development of tailored pregnancy prevention programs for this target population. BACKGROUND: Pregnancy rates among adolescents in the United States have declined over the past several years...
October 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983433/city-of-los-angeles-neighborhood-parks-research-findings-and-policy-implications-2003-2015
#14
Deborah A Cohen, Kathryn Pitkin Derose, Bing Han, Stephanie Williamson, Terry Marsh, Laura Raaen
This study summarizes more than a decade of research on how well neighborhood parks in Los Angeles support physical activity. Between 2003 and 2015, researchers at the RAND Corporation studied 83 parks in the city of Los Angeles, conducting thousands of observations and fielding nearly 28,000 surveys of park users and local residents. About half of all residents said that they used their neighborhood parks, most of them routinely. Parks are also the top venue that people choose for engaging in routine exercise...
January 2017: Rand Health Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982824/are-survival-and-mortality-rates-associated-with-recruitment-to-clinical-trials-in-teenage-and-young-adult-patients-with-acute-lymphoblastic-leukaemia-a-retrospective-observational-analysis-in-england
#15
Rachael Hough, Sabrina Sandhu, Maria Khan, Anthony Moran, Richard Feltbower, Charles Stiller, Mike C G Stevens, Clare Rowntree, Ajay Vora, Martin G McCabe
OBJECTIVE: Participation rates in clinical trials are low in teenagers and young adults (TYA) with cancer. Whilst the importance of clinical trials in informing best practice is well established, data regarding individual patient benefit are scarce. We have investigated the association between overall survival and trial recruitment in TYA patients with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL). DESIGN: Retrospective. SETTING: National (England) TYA patients treated for ALL...
October 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981842/30-years-on-how-the-neurodevelopmental-hypothesis-of-schizophrenia-morphed-into-the-developmental-risk-factor-model-of-psychosis
#16
Robin M Murray, Vishal Bhavsar, Giada Tripoli, Oliver Howes
At its re-birth 30 years ago, the neurodevelopment hypothesis of schizophrenia focussed on aberrant genes and early neural hazards, but then it grew to include ideas concerning aberrant synaptic pruning in adolescence. The hypothesis had its own stormy development and it endured some difficult teenage years when a resurgence of interest in neurodegeneration threatened its survival. In early adult life, it over-reached itself with some reductionists claiming that schizophrenia was simply a neurodevelopmental disease...
September 14, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979744/teenage-girls-experience-of-the-determinants-of-physical-activity-promotion-a-theory-based-qualitative-content-analysis
#17
Mahboobe Borhani, Roya Sadeghi, Davoud Shojaeizadeh, Tayebeh Fasihi Harandi, Mohammad Ali Vakili
BACKGROUND: The progress of technology in developed countries has changed lifestyles to sedentary and has increased non-communicable diseases. Identifying factors affecting patterns of physical activity among adolescents is valuable and it is important to change these pattern. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore teenage girls' experiences regarding the determinants of physical activity promotion based on Pender's Health Promotion Model. METHODS: This qualitative study is a content analysis research on the girls of three high schools in Minoodasht city for six months from September 2015 until the end of February 2016...
August 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977130/factors-associated-with-infant-mortality-in-a-brazilian-city-with-high-human-development-index
#18
Maria Volpato Kropiwiec, Selma Cristina Franco, Augusto Randüz do Amaral
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with infant mortality in a city with good socioeconomic development. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study with 7,887 live births in the year of 2012 recorded in the Live Births Information System (SINASC) and associated by linkage with the Mortality Information System (SIM) to identify the deaths in the first year of life. The risk factors were ranked in three levels of determination: distal, intermediate and proximal. The logistic binomial regression models and the multivariate model quantified the impact of the individual variables tested and adjusted the effect of confounding variables...
September 21, 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977089/pregnancy-recurrence-in-adolescents-in-southern-brazil
#19
Mariza Zanchi, Raúl Andrés Mendoza-Sassi, Marilyn Rita da Silva, Sheylla Gorges de Almeida, Lisiane Ortiz Teixeira, Carla Vitola Gonçalves
OBJECTIVE: To determine the pregnancy recurrence among adolescents and young people in a city located in the extreme south of Brazil and to identify associated factors. METHOD: One hundred and twelve (112) women participated, having delivered their children in 2010, while adolescents. The sample was stratified in two stages, being the first a census of the whole population of the city and the second a convenience sample. For statistical analysis, Pearson Chi-square test was used, with a significance level of 5%...
July 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974268/is-a-woman-s-first-pregnancy-outcome-related-to-her-years-of-schooling-an-assessment-of-women-s-adolescent-pregnancy-outcomes-and-subsequent-educational-attainment-in-ghana
#20
Adriana A E Biney, Philomena Nyarko
BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancy and childbearing pose challenges to young women's educational attainment. Studies show that while adolescent childbearing reduces educational attainment, not becoming pregnant and resorting to induced abortion when pregnant increases women's educational levels. This study examined relationships between adolescents' resolution of their first pregnancies and subsequent educational outcomes, for all women ages 20-49 years and across three age cohorts: 20-29, 30-39 and 40-49 year olds...
October 3, 2017: Reproductive Health
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