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Kirsten Black
Concern over teenage conceptions arises from the adverse health and social sequelae that are associated. These include greater risks of pregnancy complications such as preterm birth and low birthweight and the increased likelihood of social exclusion, poverty and low educational attainment. Another consequence is that daughters of teen mothers are at higher risk themselves of teen pregnancy which perpetrates the cycle of disadvantage. Previous research has reported that children of teenage mothers have one and half to two times increased risk of teenage childbearing compared to children of older mothers (Kahn et al Demography 1992;29(1):39-57)...
June 21, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Jolin Wong, Serene Siu Tin Lim
INTRODUCTION: Paediatric epidurals can present technical challenges due to wide variations in age and weight among children, ranging from neonates to teenagers. This study evaluated the skin-to-epidural distance in the thoracic and lumbar regions to determine the relationship between age, weight and ethnicity and depth to the epidural space in our Singapore paediatric population. METHODS: Data from the Acute Pain Service was prospectively collected over 16 years...
June 21, 2018: Singapore Medical Journal
Rosana Santos Mota, Nadirlene Pereira Gomes, Fernanda Matheus Estrela, Melissa Almeida Silva, Jéssica Damasceno de Santana, Luana Moura Campos, Kátia Cordélia Cunha Cordeiro
OBJECTIVE: To estimate prevalence of intrafamilial violence experience and its association with sociodemographic, sexual and use of alcohol/drugs variables in teenagers of a public school in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. METHOD: Cross-sectional study with 239 teenagers. Data were collected through structured instrument, analyzed according to descriptive and inferential statistics, with multiple logistic regression. RESULTS: Research pointed out a high prevalence of intrafamilial violence among teenagers (60...
May 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Cristina O Mǎrginean, Lorena E Meliţ, Maria O Mǎrginean
Segmental colitis associated with diverticulosis (SCAD) is manifested by active chronic inflammation of the colonic segments affected by diverticulosis, luminal-mucosal inflammation, independent of the presence of inflammation within and/or around the diverticula, and it usually spares the rectum. We present the case of a 15-year-old female admitted to our clinic due to lower digestive hemorrhage and abdominal pain in the previous week, associated with fever 1 day prior to admission. The patient had pallor, painful abdomen upon palpation, accelerated bowel movements, and macroscopic evidence of blood in the stools...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Andrew Self, Samuel Chipokosa, Amos Misomali, Tricia Aung, Steven A Harvey, Mercy Chimchere, James Chilembwe, Lois Park, Chrissie Chalimba, Edson Monjeza, Fannie Kachale, Jameson Ndawala, Melissa A Marx
BACKGROUND: Malawi has made progress in increasing its overall modern contraceptive prevalence rate since 2000, resulting in a dramatic reduction in its total fertility rate. However, youth, 15-24 years, have not had the same successes. Teenage pregnancies are on the rise and little progress has been made in reducing unmet need for family planning among youth. With two-thirds of the population under the age of 25 and with Malawi's rapid population growth, reducing unmet need for family planning among youth remains a priority for the government's reproductive health agenda...
June 19, 2018: Reproductive Health
Mª Carmen Hernández Pérez, N Marta Díaz-Gómez, Ana Mª Romero Manzano, José Miguel Díaz Gómez, Verónica Rodríguez Pérez, Alejandro Jiménez Sosa
OBJECTIVE: Breastfeeding constitutes a priority in Public Health due to the multiple benefits it offers. The decision to breastfeed is usually made before pregnancy, and therefore it is important to include adolescents in breastfeeding promotion programs. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a programme to improve knowledge and attitudes toward breastfeeding among teenager. METHODS: Pretest-posttest randomized controlled study, carried out in 2008 in Tenerife...
June 18, 2018: Revista Española de Salud Pública
Wendy Hadley, Amy Lansing, David H Barker, Larry K Brown, Heather Hunter, Geri Donenberg, Ralph J DiClemente
Parents can play a vital role in shaping teenagers' sexual attitudes, behavior, and contraceptive use through communication, however, less is known about how to modify parent-adolescent communication among youth with mental health problems. The impact of a family-based sexual risk prevention intervention on both observational and self-report of parent adolescent sexual communication was examined at 12-months among adolescents with mental health problems. Of the 721 parent- adolescent dyads recruited for the study, 167 videotapes of sexual discussions between parents and adolescent were coded for the family-based intervention and 191 videotapes for the active comparison...
April 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Aušra Lisinskienė, Marc Lochbaum
Adolescent relationships with parents are of the highest importance. The relationships likely reflect the nature of internal working models in youth sport that may well function as a psychological template during the construction of youth prosocial behavior. However, researchers' focus to date has concerned specific aspects of parental practices in child-based sporting activities. There is a lack of research covering parent-athlete interpersonal relationships concerned with how the relationships affect adolescent prosocial behavior...
January 17, 2018: Sports
Jinpu Jia, Chunjuan Bi, Junfeng Zhang, Xiaopei Jin, Zhenlou Chen
Dietary consumption of contaminated vegetables may contribute to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) exposure in humans; however, this exposure pathway has not been examined thoroughly. This study aims to characterize the concentrations of PAHs in six types of vegetables grown near industrial facilities in Shanghai, China. We analyzed 16 individual PAHs on the US EPA priority list, and the total concentration in vegetables ranged from 65.7 to 458.0 ng g-1 in the following order: leafy vegetables (romaine lettuce, Chinese cabbage and Shanghai green cabbage) > stem vegetables (lettuce) > seed and pod vegetables (broad bean) > rhizome vegetables (daikon)...
June 13, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Matthew A Weber, Eric T Graack, Jamie L Scholl, Kenneth J Renner, Gina L Forster, Michael J Watt
Adult psychiatric disorders characterized by cognitive deficits reliant on prefrontal cortex (PFC) dopamine are promoted by teenage bullying. Similarly, male Sprague-Dawley rats exposed to social defeat in mid-adolescence (P35-39) show impaired working memory in adulthood (P56-70), along with decreased medial PFC (mPFC) dopamine activity that results in part from increased dopamine transporter-mediated clearance. Here, we determined if dopamine synthesis and D2 autoreceptor-mediated inhibition of dopamine release in the adult mPFC are also enhanced by adolescent defeat to contribute to later dopamine hypofunction...
June 14, 2018: European Journal of Neuroscience
Matthew I Jones, Shakeel A Qureshi
Surgical repair of tetralogy of Fallot (ToF) in childhood is associated with generally good outcomes, and almost all children can be expected to survive until adulthood. However, significant pulmonary regurgitation leading to progressive right ventricular dilatation is common in teenagers or young adults because of the nature of the surgical intervention. In patients whose repair included placement of a right ventricle to pulmonary artery conduit, it has been possible to place a stented valve within the conduit to treat this...
2018: F1000Research
Karin Nordin, Anna-Lena Brorsson, Kerstin Ekbom
BACKGROUND: The positive effects of behavioural treatment and weight management in adolescents with severe obesity are modest. Obesity surgery can be an option for adolescents, but is not the first-hand choice of treatment. The knowledge about adolescents' own experiences of having undergone surgery and their thoughts and feelings of the follow-up period are limited. OBJECTIVES: To describe adolescents' decision to go through obesity surgery as teenager and their experiences of the follow-up period...
April 26, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Sebastián Sanz-Martos, Isabel M López-Medina, Cristina Álvarez-García, Carmen Álvarez-Nieto
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of the interventions to prevent a pregnancy in adolescence. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: The following databases were consulted: PubMed, CINAHL, Scopus, Cuiden Plus, LILACS, and IME, in order to identify interventions aimed at preventing a pregnancy in adolescence. STUDY SELECTION: A total of 24 primary investigations, in which an educational program to prevent a pregnancy in the adolescence was evaluated, were selected...
June 11, 2018: Atencion Primaria
Vyas M Kartha, Mohamed Rehman, Jeffrey P Jacobs, Marshall L Jacobs, David Vener, Kevin D Hill, James M Meza, Sean M O'Brien, Liqi Feng, Karen Chiswell, Neil A Goldenberg, Sara K Pasquali, Pirooz Eghtesady, Vinay Badhwar
BACKGROUND: To determine national benchmarks and assess variability across centers, the STS Congenital Heart Surgery Database (CHSD) was analyzed to document proportions of patients receiving intraoperative blood transfusion during open heart surgery. METHODS: Index CPB operations reported in the STS CHSD (2014-2015) were potentially eligible for inclusion. Data from centers with > 15% missing data for packed red blood cell (PRBC) transfusion were excluded, as were individual records missing information about PRBC transfusion...
June 11, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Katrina Tatton-Brown, Anna Zachariou, Chey Loveday, Anthony Renwick, Shazia Mahamdallie, Lise Aksglaede, Diana Baralle, Daniela Barge-Schaapveld, Moira Blyth, Mieke Bouma, Jeroen Breckpot, Beau Crabb, Tabib Dabir, Valerie Cormier-Daire, Christine Fauth, Richard Fisher, Blanca Gener, David Goudie, Tessa Homfray, Matthew Hunter, Agnete Jorgensen, Sarina G Kant, Cathy Kirally-Borri, David Koolen, Ajith Kumar, Anatalia Labilloy, Melissa Lees, Carlo Marcelis, Catherine Mercer, Cyril Mignot, Kathryn Miller, Katherine Neas, Ruth Newbury-Ecob, Daniela T Pilz, Renata Posmyk, Carlos Prada, Keri Ramsey, Linda M Randolph, Angelo Selicorni, Deborah Shears, Mohnish Suri, I Karen Temple, Peter Turnpenny, Lionel Val Maldergem, Vinod Varghese, Hermine E Veenstra-Knol, Naomi Yachelevich, Laura Yates, Nazneen Rahman
Tatton-Brown-Rahman syndrome (TBRS; OMIM 615879), also known as the DNMT3A-overgrowth syndrome, is an overgrowth intellectual disability syndrome first described in 2014 with a report of 13 individuals with constitutive heterozygous DNMT3A variants. Here we have undertaken a detailed clinical study of 55 individuals with de novo DNMT3A variants, including the 13 previously reported individuals. An intellectual disability and overgrowth were reported in >80% of individuals with TBRS and were designated major clinical associations...
2018: Wellcome Open Research
F Balieva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: British Journal of Dermatology
Majid Mirzabeygi Rad Fard, Mahmood Yousefi, Hamed Soleimani, Ali Akbar Mohammadi, Amir Hossein Mahvi, Abbas Abbasnia
According to the World Health Organization (WHO) reports, Iran is located in the global fluoride belts, so that is why carrying out extended research on this contaminant anion in water supplies must be considered. Due to the various industries in the Ardakan city, this region is severely suffering from fluoride contamination. This study was designed to investigate the fluoride concentration and its distribution pattern as well as related health risk assessment in groundwater resources of 28 villages of the Ardakan city in Yazd province using SPADNS method according to standard instructions...
June 2018: Data in Brief
Valentina Boursier, Valentina Manna
Selfie-taking and posting is one of the most popular activities among teenagers, an important part of online self-presentation that is related to identity issues and peer relations. The scholarly literature emphasizes different yet conflicting motivations for selfie-behavior, stressing deeper analysis of psychological factors and the influence of gender and age. Expectancies are "explanatory device[s]" that can help us study adolescent behavior. However, no instruments have been devised that specifically explore the expectations teenagers have about selfies and their influence on selfie-frequency...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
John A Lednicky, Sarah K White, Caroline J Stephenson, Kartikeya Cherabuddi, Julia C Loeb, Nissin Moussatche, Andrew Lednicky, J Glenn Morris
Keystone virus, a California-serogroup orthobunyavirus, was first isolated in 1964 from mosquitoes in Keystone, Florida. There are no reports of isolation from humans, despite studies suggesting that ~20% of persons living in the region are seropositive. We report virus isolation from a Florida teenager with a rash and fever.
June 9, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Pnina Gershon, Johnathon Ehsani, Chunming Zhu, Fearghal O'Brien, Sheila Klauer, Tom Dingus, Bruce Simons-Morton
OBJECTIVE: Risky driving behavior may contribute to the high crash risk among teenage drivers. The current naturalistic driving study assessed predictors for teenagers' kinematic risky driving (KRD) behavior and the interdependencies between them. METHOD: The private vehicles of 81 novice teenage drivers were equipped with data acquisition system that recorded driving kinematics, miles driven, and video recordings of the driver, passengers and the driving environment...
June 8, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
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