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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457511/a-probabilistic-intake-model-to-estimate-the-impact-of-reformulation-by-the-food-industry-among-irish-consumers
#1
S Pigat, A Connolly, M Cushen, M Cullen, C O'Mahony
This project quantified the impact that voluntary reformulation efforts of the food industry had on the Irish population's nutrient intake. Nutrient composition data on reformulated products were collected from 14 major food companies for two years, 2005 and 2012. Probabilistic intake assessments were performed using the Irish national food consumption surveys as dietary intake data. The nutrient data were weighted by market shares replacing existing food composition data for these products. The reformulation efforts assessed, significantly reduced mean energy intakes by up to 12 kcal/d (adults), 15 kcal/d (teens), 19 kcal/d (children) and 9 kcal/d (pre-schoolers)...
February 19, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457326/associations-between-adolescent-risk-for-restrictive-disordered-eating-and-long-term-outcomes-related-to-somatic-symptoms-body-mass-index-and-poor-well-being
#2
Evelina Landstedt, Anne Hammarström, A Kate Fairweather-Schmidt, Tracey Wade
OBJECTIVE: To date, no longitudinal, community-based studies have examined the association between disordered eating emerging in adolescence and long-term physical well-being. This study sought to explore the longitudinal associations between risk for restrictive disordered eating (DE-R; those not presenting with binge-purge symptoms) in adolescence and trajectories of functional somatic symptoms (FSS) and body mass index (BMI), and several indicators of poor physical well-being across early- to mid-adulthood, including medication, number of doctor visits, and sick leave...
February 18, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455460/one-year-longtudinal-study-found-a-bidirectional-relationship-between-physical-activity-and-sleep-disturbance-in-teenage-estonian-girls
#3
L Raudsepp
AIM: Studies have shown that physical activity declines during adolescence, especially among girls. We examined the relationship between changes in physical activity and sleep disturbance over the school year, including any bidirectional relationship between these two factors. METHODS: This longitudinal study focused on teenage girls who had a mean age of 13.2 ±0.2 years at baseline and were drawn from five randomly selected schools in the city of Tartu, Estonia...
February 18, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454323/autonomy-and-infant-feeding-decision-making-among-teenage-mothers-in-a-rural-and-urban-setting-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#4
Ngcwalisa Amanda Jama, Aurene Wilford, Lyn Haskins, Anna Coutsoudis, Lenore Spies, Christiane Horwood
BACKGROUND: The nutritional status of infants born to teenage mothers can be sub-optimal compared to those born to older mothers. One contributing factor is inappropriate feeding practices adopted by teenage mothers. Little is known about how infant feeding decisions are made among teenage mothers, particularly in under resourced settings. In this study we prospectively explored autonomy and infant feeding decision-making among teenage mothers in a rural and urban setting in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa...
February 17, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453926/sleep-disorder-prevalence-in-at-risk-adolescents-and-potential-effects-of-nightmare-triad-syndrome
#5
Natalia D McIver, Barry Krakow, Jessica Krakow, Michael R Nadorff, Victor A Ulibarri, Robert Baade
Objective At-risk high school students, those considered to have a higher probability for academic failure or dropping out, were assessed for various sleep disorders. Effects were compared between students with and without the nightmare triad syndrome (NTS+), the sleep disorders' cluster of frequent nightmares, insomnia disorder and suspected sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). Methods Data were gathered at a charter school for at-risk youth using: computer based surveys, physical airway exams, and mental health interviews by school social worker...
February 17, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453415/erlin1-mutations-cause-teenage-onset-slowly-progressive-als-in-a-large-turkish-pedigree
#6
Ceren Tunca, Fulya Akçimen, Cemre Coşkun, Aslı Gündoğdu-Eken, Cemile Kocoglu, Betül Çevik, Can Ebru Bekircan-Kurt, Ersin Tan, A Nazlı Başak
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a late-onset motor neuron disease with mostly dominant inheritance and a life expectancy of 2-5 years; however, a quite common occurrence of atypical forms of the disease, due to recessive inheritance, has become evident with the use of NGS technologies. In this paper, we describe a family with close consanguinity for at least four generations, suffering from a slowly progressive form of ALS. Spastic walking is observed since teenage years, while bulbar symptoms start much later, at the fifth or sixth decade of life...
February 16, 2018: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452597/evidence-of-reduced-treatment-adherence-among-hiv-infected-paediatric-and-adolescent-populations-in-nairobi-at-the-onset-of-the-unaids-universal-test-and-treat-program
#7
Joseph Kabogo, Erastus Muniu, Fred Wamunyokoli, Rachel Musoke, Elijah Songok
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a retrospective cohort study to evaluate the efficacy of the World Health Organization (WHO) "Universal Test and Treat" (UTT) policy, initiated in Kenya in September 2016. Under this policy, every human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected person should be initiated on antiretroviral therapy (ART). We compared intra- and inter-group viral suppression and ART adherence rates for pre-UTT (initiated on ART in March-August 2016) and UTT groups (initiated in September 2016)...
February 17, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450646/evidence-of-amyloid-%C3%AE-cerebral-amyloid-angiopathy-transmission-through-neurosurgery
#8
Zane Jaunmuktane, Annelies Quaegebeur, Ricardo Taipa, Miguel Viana-Baptista, Raquel Barbosa, Carolin Koriath, Raf Sciot, Simon Mead, Sebastian Brandner
Amyloid-β (Aβ) is a peptide deposited in the brain parenchyma in Alzheimer's disease and in cerebral blood vessels, causing cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA). Aβ pathology is transmissible experimentally in animals and through medical procedures in humans, such as contaminated growth hormone or dura mater transplantation in the context of iatrogenic prion disease. Here, we present four patients who underwent neurosurgical procedures during childhood or teenage years and presented with intracerebral haemorrhage approximately three decades later, caused by severe CAA...
February 15, 2018: Acta Neuropathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448082/large-enthesophytes-in-teenage-skulls-mechanical-inflammatory-and-genetic-considerations
#9
David Shahar, John Evans, Mark G L Sayers
BACKGROUND: The literature implies that large enthesophytes are exclusive to genetically predisposed individuals and to Spondyloarthropathies sufferers. Accordingly, the aim of this investigation and report was to assess the involvement of genetic predisposition, inflammatory and/or mechanical influences in the development of large enthesophytes in a sample population of teenagers presenting with large enthesophytes emanating from the external occipital protuberance. METHODS: Analysis was based on four teenage males (13-16 year-old) possessing 14...
February 12, 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447832/involvement-of-maternal-grandmother-and-teenage-mother-in-intervention-to-reduce-pacifier-use-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
Elsa Regina Justo Giugliani, Leandro Meirelles Nunes, Roberto Mário Silveira Issler, Lilian Cordova do Espírito Santo, Luciana Dias de Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of an intervention for teenage mothers with the involvement of maternal grandmothers on the prevalence of pacifier use in the first six months of life. METHODS: This randomized clinical trial involved 323 teenage mothers, allocated to four groups: intervention with teenagers only, intervention with teenagers and their mothers, and respective controls. Six breastfeeding counseling sessions, including the recommendation to avoid the use of a pacifier, were delivered at the maternity ward and subsequently at the teenagers' homes, at seven, 15, 30, 60, and 120 days postpartum...
February 12, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446533/forms-of-capital-and-habitus-in-the-decision-to-go-on-academic-exchange
#11
Wolfgang Lehmann, Holly Trower
Although Canadian universities have made internationalization a strategic priority, only few Canadian students currently participate in any international study opportunities. Drawing on interviews with Canadian students who were about to spend some of their undergraduate education abroad as exchange students, or had recently returned from a study exchange, we argue that despite the importance of relatively high costs associated with international study experiences, cultural factors play a more important role in enabling the decision to study abroad...
February 2018: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445534/delayed-sleep-wake-phase-disorder
#12
REVIEW
Alexander D Nesbitt
Delayed sleep-wake phase disorder (DSWPD) is the most commonly encountered of the circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorders (CRSDs), and is often confused with sleep initiation insomnia. It typically emerges in teenage years and persists into adulthood. In essence, people with the disorder have an abnormally delayed major sleep episode relative to the dark phase of the solar cycle, and hence great difficulty initiating sleep at an appropriately early time, and, as a knock-on effect, waking at a desirable time in the morning, leading to chronic, and often quite severe sleep restriction trying to conform to a 9 to 5 schedule...
January 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439192/teenage-pregnancy-and-mental-health-beyond-the-postpartum-period-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Chloé Xavier, Anita Benoit, Hilary K Brown
BACKGROUND: Teenage mothers are at increased risk for adverse social outcomes and short-term health problems, but long-term impacts on mental health are poorly understood. The aims of our systematic review were to determine the association between teenage pregnancy and mental health beyond the postpartum period, critically appraise the literature's quality and guide future research. METHODS: We systematically searched MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Scopus and Web of Science from inception to June 2017 for peer-reviewed articles written in English or French...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438878/crushing-hope-short-term-responses-to-tragedy-vary-by-hopefulness
#14
Jason Fletcher
This paper explores the consequences of hopefulness when the environment changes. Much literature has documented the importance of a positive outlook in pursuing investments in health and education that pay off in the future. A question that has received less attention is whether a positive outlook creates resilience in the face of setbacks or whether a positive outlook may be a disadvantage in extreme circumstances, especially when there is a large mismatch between expectations and reality. This paper uses the coincidental interview schedule of the Add Health data (N = 15,024) around the terrorist attack of September 11, 2001 to examine interactions with this environmental shock and previously elicited measures of hopefulness...
January 31, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437816/teenage-boy-with-high-fever-and-rash-what-could-we-be-missing
#15
Gracinda Nogueira Oliveira, Sofia Costa, Filipa Dias Costa, Teresa Dionísio, Leonor Carvalho
A 15-year-old boy was admitted to a local hospital with high fever, generalised rash and a mild sore throat. He was started on intravenous flucloxacillin and 12 hours later develops a sustained low diastolic blood pressure (DBP), unresponsive to fluid volume expansion and cardiovascular support with dopamine. Intravenous clindamycin was added and transportation to paediatric intensive care unit arranged. Dopamine dosing was increased and norepinephrine infusion was added subsequently with immediate stabilisation of DBP...
February 8, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436797/a-case-of-kleine-levin-syndrome-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-challenge
#16
Marino Marčić, Ljiljana Marčić, Marina Titlić
Kleine-Levin syndrome (KLS) is a rare sleep disorder mainly affecting teenage boys in which the main features are intermittent hypersomnolence, behavioral and cognitive disturbances, hyperphagia, and in some cases hyper sexuality. Etiology is unknown, and there is no specific clinical or imaging test for this syndrome even though the illness has well-defined clinical features. Also, there is no effective treatment for KLS. KLS is self-limited, so the prognosis for these patients is not so bad. This study presents our case report and comprehensive workout that led to diagnosis which is primarily clinical...
January 2018: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435732/a-discursive-review-of-the-textual-use-of-trapped-in-environmental-migration-studies-the-conceptual-birth-and-troubled-teenage-years-of-trapped-populations
#17
REVIEW
Sonja Ayeb-Karlsson, Christopher D Smith, Dominic Kniveton
First mooted in 2011, the concept of Trapped Populations referring to people unable to move from environmentally high-risk areas broadened the study of human responses to environmental change. While a seemingly straightforward concept, the underlying discourses around the reasons for being 'trapped', and the language describing the concept have profound influences on the way in which policy and practice approaches the needs of populations at risk from environmental stresses and shocks. In this article, we apply a Critical Discourse Analysis to the academic literature on the subject to reveal some of the assumptions implicit within discussing 'trapped' populations...
February 12, 2018: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435659/teenagers-and-young-adults-with-nephropathic-cystinosis-display-significant-bone-disease-and-cortical-impairment
#18
Aurélia Bertholet-Thomas, Debora Claramunt-Taberner, Ségolène Gaillard, Georges Deschênes, Elisabeth Sornay-Rendu, Pawel Szulc, Martine Cohen-Solal, Solenne Pelletier, Marie-Christine Carlier, Pierre Cochat, Justine Bacchetta
BACKGROUND: Bone impairment appears to be a novel complication of nephropathic cystinosis despite cysteamine therapy. Its exact underlying pathophysiology is nevertheless unclear. The objective of this study was to evaluate bone status among patients included in the French Crystobs study. METHODS: In addition to clinical data, bone status was evaluated using biomarkers (ALP, PTH, 25-D, 1-25D, FGF23), DXA (spine and total body), and high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT) at the tibia and radius...
February 12, 2018: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434431/venous-malformations-management-by-er-cr-ysgg-laser-an-alternative-approach
#19
Vinod Chandel, Babita Jangra, Nishant Khurana, Amit Garg, Devashish
Background and Aim: Venous malformations (VMs) are slow-flow vascular anomalies composed of ectatic venous channels. Its management with Er,Cr:YSGG laser has been proven effective. In the present case a teenage patient reported with a bluish lesion, soft inconsistency on the dorsal aspect of tongue. The lesion was removed with Er, Cr: YSGG laser (2780 nm) with minimal anaesthetic infiltration. Results: Patient reported no postoperative pain. Clinical follow up after three months showed excellent results and uneventful healing...
December 31, 2017: Laser Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434084/comprehensive-assessment-of-risk-factors-of-cause-specific-infant-deaths-in-japan
#20
Yui Yamaoka, Naho Morisaki, Haruko Noguchi, Hideto Takahashi, Nanako Tamiya
BACKGROUND: Public attention is given to infants with socially high risks of child abuse and neglect, while clinical attention is provided to infants with a biologically high risk of diseases. However, few studies have systematically evaluated how biological or social factors cross over and affect cause-specific infant mortality. METHODS: We linked birth data with death data from the Japanese national vital statistics database for all infants born from 2003-2010...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology
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