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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650780/i-am-a-pediatric-dentist-why-is-substance-abuse-among-my-patients-my-concern
#1
H Barry Waldman, Steven P Perlman
The rapidly evolving demographic base of our communities intensifies the need for an awareness which in the past seemed beyond the traditional concerns of pediatric dentists; in this case, substance abuse by teenagers. A review was carried out regarding evolving demographics, the proportion of teenagers involved with substance abuse, the rationale for the use of varying elicit substances and the associated symptoms. A series of options for action are considered given the potential for pediatric dentists to be involved in the care of teenagers using elicit substances...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650583/von-hippel-lindau-development-in-children-and-adolescents
#2
Karoline Launbjerg, Iben Bache, Michael Galanakis, Marie Luise Bisgaard, Marie Louise M Binderup
The autosomal dominant von Hippel-Lindau disease (vHL) is associated with a lifelong risk of tumor development, especially retinal and CNS hemangioblastomas, pheochromocytoma, and renal cell carcinoma. Knowledge of paediatric vHL development is limited, and current surveillance guidelines are based on expert opinions. We aimed to describe the course of vHL development in children and adolescents, focusing on age at first manifestation, manifestation frequencies, and types. The prevalence of vHL diagnosis as well as manifestations in childhood were evaluated based on 99 patients, who had started surveillance before 18 years: 37 Danish patients from the national vHL research database and 62 international patients reported in 15 articles...
June 26, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649382/does-sperm-quality-and-dna-integrity-differ-in-cryopreserved-semen-samples-from-young-adult-and-aged-nellore-bulls
#3
J T Carreira, J T Trevizan, I R Carvalho, B Kipper, L H Rodrigues, C Silva, S H V Perri, J R Drevet, M B Koivisto
BACKGROUND: In humans, it is now well documented that rising paternal age is correlated with decreased sperm DNA integrity and embryonic developmental failures. On the other side of the coin, it is also reported that very young fathers such as teenagers carry an increased risk of adverse birth outcomes. These observations suggest that, at least in humans, there is an age window for optimal sperm DNA integrity. In bovine, little is known about sperm DNA quality in young bulls and how it evolves with age...
2017: Basic and Clinical Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649215/does-watching-a-play-about-the-teenage-brain-affect-attitudes-toward-young-offenders
#4
Robert Blakey
Neuroscience is increasingly used to infer the cognitive capacities of offenders from the activity and volume of different brain regions, with the resultant findings receiving great interest in the public eye. This field experiment tested the effects of public engagement in neuroscience on attitudes toward offenders. Brainstorm is a play about teenage brain development. Either before or after watching this play, 728 participants responded to four questions about the age of criminal responsibility, and the moral responsibility and dangerousness of a hypothetical young or adult offender...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648193/-adolescence-and-psychoactive-substances
#5
Ivana Obradovic
By the age of 17, most young people have tried alcohol, tobacco and cannabis and some of them have already become regular users. While they have partly achieved their objective, clinics for young addicts, created ten years ago and aimed specifically at this section of the population, still struggle to reach out to certain teenagers, notably those with issues relating to alcohol consumption.
June 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648155/-ubehandlet-idiopatisk-skoliose-hos-en-dansk-teenager
#6
Mikkel Østerheden Andersen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647009/teenage-parenthood-and-birth-rates-for-individuals-with-and-without-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#7
Søren D Østergaard, Søren Dalsgaard, Stephen V Faraone, Trine Munk-Olsen, Thomas M Laursen
OBJECTIVE: Prior studies have established that attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with risky sexual behavior, but it remains unknown whether individuals with ADHD also are more likely to become parents while being teenagers. This aspect is clinically relevant because teenage parenthood is associated with adverse outcomes for parents and children. Therefore, the main aim of this study was to investigate whether individuals with ADHD would be more likely to become teenage parents compared with individuals without ADHD...
July 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642521/knowledge-of-and-attitudes-to-sports-drinks-of-adolescents-living-in-south-wales-uk
#8
R M Fairchild, D Broughton, M Z Morgan
Background The UK sports drinks market has a turnover in excess of £200 million. Adolescents consume 15.6% of total energy as free sugars, much higher than the recommended 5%. Sugar sweetened beverages, including sports drinks, account for 30% of total free sugar intake for those aged 11-18 years.Objective To investigate children's knowledge and attitudes surrounding sports drinks.Method One hundred and eighty-three self-complete questionnaires were distributed to four schools in South Wales. Children aged 12-14 were recruited to take part...
June 23, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640332/pregnant-teenagers-group-contributions-to-prenatal-care
#9
Maria Veraci Oliveira Queiroz, Giselle Maria Duarte Menezes, Thaís Jormanna Pereira Silva, Eysler Gonçalves Maia Brasil, Raimunda Magalhães da Silva
Objective: To describe changes in nurses' care following the implementation of a group of pregnant teenagers in prenatal care based on the expectations and experiences of pregnant teenagers. Method: Qualitative and descriptive study conducted from February to November 2013 at a Primary Care Unit in Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil, through focus groups with 16 adolescents from the group of pregnant women in the second or third trimester of pregnancy. The analysis identified central ideas and units of meanings that formed the categories...
June 5, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640004/ocular-lesions-in-congenital-toxoplasmosis-in-santa-isabel-do-iva%C3%A3-paran%C3%A3-brazil
#10
Ana Paula Sanders, Tatiane Dos Santos, Cleusa KimieKoike Felipe, Maria Lucia Estevão, Caroni Cícero, Fernanda Evangelista, Carlos Alexandre Manrique, Angélica Sayuri Mizutani, Ana Lucia Falavigna-Guilherme
We verified clinical and psychopedagogic aspects of congenital cases with ocular sequelae, 13 years after toxoplasmosis outbreak in Santa Isabel do Ivaí, and current seroprevalence of this zoonosis in pregnant women. Audiologic and ophthalmologic evaluations were performed in congenital cases, in addition to collection of clinical and psychopedagogic data. In pregnant women, current seroprevalence was observed. Among affected teenagers, 2/5 are behind in school grade, 4/5 reported learning difficulties, requiring psychopedagogic monitoring, as well as ocular complaints...
June 17, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639475/ecological-correlates-of-multiple-sexual-partnerships-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-in-urban-cape-town-a-cumulative-risk-factor-approach
#11
Evans Muchiri, Clifford Odimegwu, Pamela Banda, Lorreta Ntoimo, Sunday Adedini
Studies in South Africa have reported unsafe levels of risky sexual behvaiours among adolescents and young adults, with the country reporting the highest burden of HIV/AIDS globally, as well as a high rate of teenage pregnancy. While determinants of risky sexual behaviours have been investigated for factors occurring at the individual and household levels, not fully explored in the literature is the effect of community level factors. Furthermore, it is unclear whether risk factors occurring within the ecology of adolescents and young adults act cumulatively to influence their sexual practices...
June 22, 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637444/a-comparison-of-nutritional-intake-and-daily-physical-activity-of-girls-aged-8-11%C3%A2-years-old-in-makkah-saudi-arabia-according-to-weight-status
#12
Rabab Al-Kutbe, Anne Payne, Anne de Looy, Gail A Rees
BACKGROUND: Obesity rates in Saudi Arabia are amongst the highest in the world. It is known that teenage girls are less active than teenage boys, but less is known about the diet and activity patterns in younger girls. Therefore this study sought to investigate dietary intake and daily physical activity in girls aged 8-11 years old in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This was a cross- sectional observational study conducted in seven schools across the city of Makkah. A total of 266 girls had anthropometric measurements taken including height, weight, waist circumference and body fat estimations...
June 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635664/adolescent-exposure-to-the-synthetic-cannabinoid-win-55212-2-modifies-cocaine-withdrawal-symptoms-in-adult-mice
#13
María A Aguilar, Juan Carlos Ledesma, Marta Rodríguez-Arias, Carles Penalva, Carmen Manzanedo, José Miñarro, M Carmen Arenas
Chronic cannabinoid consumption is an increasingly common behavior among teenagers and has been shown to cause long-lasting neurobehavioral alterations. Besides, it has been demonstrated that cocaine addiction in adulthood is highly correlated with cannabis abuse during adolescence. Cocaine consumption and subsequent abstinence from it can cause psychiatric symptoms, such as psychosis, cognitive impairment, anxiety, and depression. The aim of the present research was to study the consequences of adolescent exposure to cannabis on the psychiatric-like effects promoted by cocaine withdrawal in adult mice...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635468/a-smile-to-help-in-the-tough-times
#14
Harriet Pollard
At the start of my second year of training I was working on a cardiac ward where I helped to care for a young teenager who was awaiting surgery.
June 21, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634734/exploring-the-digital-technology-preferences-of-teenagers-and-young-adults-tya-with-cancer-and-survivors-a-cross-sectional-service-evaluation-questionnaire
#15
Esha Abrol, Mike Groszmann, Alexandra Pitman, Rachael Hough, Rachel M Taylor, Golnar Aref-Adib
PURPOSE: Digital technology has the potential to support teenagers and young adults (TYAs) with cancer from the onset of their disease into survivorship. We aimed to establish (1) the current pattern of use of TYA digital technologies within our service-user population, and (2) their preferences regarding digital information and support within the service. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was administered as a paper and online self-completed questionnaire to TYAs aged 13-24 accessing outpatient, inpatient, and day care cancer services at a regional specialist centre over a 4-week period...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633549/an-update-on-zika-vaccine-developments
#16
Anna Durbin, Annelies Wilder-Smith
The devastating consequences of congenital Zika virus (ZIKV) infection led to a global response directed toward a better understanding of the epidemiology and pathogenesis of ZIKV and to efforts at vaccine development. As a result, there are currently 45 ZIKV vaccine candidates in development. Areas covered: Both traditional (purified inactivated, live attenuated, viral-vectored, recombinant sub-unit) and novel (DNA, self-replicating RNA, mRNA) vaccine platforms are being utilized. For emergency use, vaccines that are appropriate for women of child-bearing age (including pregnant women) are being developed...
June 21, 2017: Expert Review of Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631431/phaeohyphomycosis-breast-masquerading-as-fibroadenoma-in-a-young-teenage-girl
#17
Amita Jain Gupta, Meeta Singh, Surekha Yadav, Nita Khurana, Shyam Lata Jain, Rohit Chawla, Sunil Laka, Anurag Mishra
Phaeohyphomycosis is an unusual granulomatous fungal infection, observed in immunocompromised or diabetic patients; however, it is even rarer in immunocompetent patients. Cytological findings of the same have been infrequently reported. The histopathological diagnosis or fungal culture helps in definitive diagnosis to identify the exact fungal species. Hereby, we report a rare case of invasive fungal infection in a breast lump in a young female, presenting as fibroadenoma breast. Fine needle aspiration cytology from the breast lesion showed the presence of septate acute-angled branching fungal hyphae with focal pigmentation, morphologically suggestive of phaeohyphomycosis which was positive with fungal stains...
June 19, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630835/intra-articular-fibroma-of-tendon-sheath-in-knee-joint-associated-with-iliotibial-band-friction-syndrome-rare-occurrence-in-a-teenage-girl
#18
Sameer Rathore, Vasil Quadri, Sanjay Tapadia, K Krishnaiah, V P Nithin Krishna
INTRODUCTION: Iliotibial band (ITB) friction syndrome is a common overuse injury typically seen in active athlete population. A nodular lesion on the inner side of the ITB as an etiology or an accompanying lesion with friction syndrome has rarely been reported. Among such nodular lesions around knee, fibroma of tendon sheath (FTS) is a rare occurrence. All the more intra-articular occurrence is extremely rare. CASE REPORT: A 16-year-old female presented with recurrent pain and movable nodule at the lateral joint area, diagnosed as ITB friction syndrome...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630131/-it-s-a-hard-conversation-to-have-healthcare-professionals-views-concerning-advance-care-discussions-with-young-people-affected-by-life-limiting-neuromuscular-diseases-an-interview-study
#19
Andy Hiscock, Stephen Barclay
OBJECTIVE: Life-limiting neuromuscular disease, such as some of the muscular dystrophies, are often diagnosed in early childhood: when death comes, commonly in the second or third decade of life, patients rarely have advance care plans in place or documented end-of-life care preferences. There is very limited literature concerning the discussions about end-of-life plans healthcare professionals have with young people affected by life-limiting neuromuscular diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the views and experiences of healthcare professionals concerning having discussions about advance care plans and end-of-life care with teenagers and young adult patients affected by life-limiting neuromuscular diseases...
June 19, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629675/misdiagnosis-is-an-important-factor-for-diagnostic-delay-in-mcardle-disease
#20
Renata Siciliani Scalco, Jasper M Morrow, Suzanne Booth, Sherryl Chatfield, Richard Godfrey, Ros Quinlivan
Diagnosis of McArdle disease is frequently delayed by many years following the first presentation of symptoms to a health professional. The aim of this study was to investigate the importance of misdiagnosis in delaying diagnosis of McArdle disease. The frequency of misdiagnosis, duration of diagnostic delay, categories of misdiagnoses and inappropriate medical interventions were assessed in 50 genetically confirmed patients. The results demonstrated a high frequency of misdiagnosis (90%, n = 45/50) most commonly during childhood years (67%; n = 30/45) compared with teenage years and adulthood (teenage: n = 7/45; adult n = 5/45; not known n = 3/45)...
May 3, 2017: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
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