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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849234/thyroid-abnormalities-in-term-infants-with-fungal-sepsis
#1
Maria Helena Baptista Nunes da Silva, Maria Cristina Korbage de Araujo, Edna Maria de Albuquerque Diniz, Maria Esther Jurfest Rivero Ceccon, Werther Brunow de Carvalho
Objective: To describe thyroid alterations in term newborns (TNB) with fungal sepsis during NICU hospitalization. Method: The study included six TNB that during the clinical and laboratory manifestations of sepsis with positive cultures for fungus showed changes in thyroid hormones, called low T3 syndrome and low T3-T4 syndrome. TNB that could present hormonal changes caused by disease as those born to mothers with thyroid disease, or who had perinatal asphyxia and major surgeries were excluded...
September 2016: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826033/the-neurobiology-of-safety-and-threat-learning-in-infancy
#2
REVIEW
Jacek Debiec, Regina M Sullivan
What an animal needs to learn to survive is altered dramatically as they change from dependence on the parent for protection to independence and reliance on self-defense. This transition occurs in most altricial animals, but our understanding of the behavioral neurobiology has mostly relied on the infant rat. The transformation from dependence to independence occurs over three weeks in pups and is accompanied by complex changes in responses to both natural and learned threats and the supporting neural circuitry...
November 4, 2016: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696014/expression-pattern-of-hsfy-in-the-mouse-testis-and-epididymis-with-and-without-heat-stress
#3
Weiyi Zhang, Yuanyuan Shao, Yinghe Qin, Yingjie Wu
Heat shock factors (HSFs) are critical regulators of spermatogenesis. However, heat shock responses, the associated components and the underlying functional mechanisms remain to be elucidated. Here, we characterize the expression pattern of HSFY, a member of the HSF family in the testis and epididymis. Its expression in testis and epididymis was initially identified by western blots. Immunofluorescence staining demonstrated that HSFY was confined to the cytoplasm of late spermatocytes and spermatids in adult testes, gonocytes in newborn testes and undifferentiated spermatogonia in 7 days post-parturition testes...
September 30, 2016: Cell and Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642476/-hemolytic-uremic-syndrome-hus-in-children-at-the-university-hospital-center-in-dakar-about-four-cases
#4
Aliou Thiongane, Aliou Abdoulaye Ndongo, Idrissa Demba Ba, Djibril Boiro, Papa Moctar Faye, Younoussa Keita, Aïssatou Ba, Djeynaba Fafa Cissé, Idrissa Basse, Lamine Thiam, Indou Déme Ly, Babacar Niang, Abou Ba, Amadou Lamine Fall, Saliou Diouf, Ousmane Ndiaye, Mamadou Ba, Mamadou Sarr
Hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS) is a common cause of organic acute renal failure (ARF) in children. It is a progressive complication of acute gastroenteritis (AGE), especially caused by Escherichia coli in children. This study aimed to describe the clinical, therapeutic and evolutionary aspects of this affection in four children. We collected four cases of HUS. The average age was 10,5 months (5-15mois), exclusively boys. Clinical examination revealed a hemolytic anemia (pallor and jaundice), oligoanuria and edematous syndrome (2 cases), arterial hypertension (1 patient), AGE associated with severe dehydration and hypovolemic shock (2 patients), consciousness disorders...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614719/-facial-trauma-and-injury-in-children
#5
M-P Vazquez, N Kadlub, V Soupre, E Galliani, C Neiva-Vaz, I Pavlov, A Picard
Facial traumas are common in children but often unconsidered. Facial injury is responsible of impressive bleeding because of the rich vascularization of the face; this bleeding is often underestimated because of the immediate arterial vasoconstriction that is very strong for children. The blood volume is 80ml/kg for a newborn, with a total of 250ml, reaching 70ml/kg at one year of age. The evaluation must be rigorously performed due to the risk of a sudden decompensation. Regarding the wounds, the primary repair must be performed directly neat or optimal in case of damaged tissues...
October 2016: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27602713/adnexal-germ-cell-carcinoma-with-bone-metastases-in-pregnant-women-case-report-and-review
#6
María Del Rosario Tenorio-Guadalupe, Valeria Arsentales-Montalva, Yessabell Sonia Yonz-Buendía, Fabián Fiestas-Saldarriaga, Patricia Pimentel-Álvarez
Germ cell carcinoma during pregnancy is rare. However, its detection has increased due to the use of ultrasound fetal monitoring in the antenatal care program. In this article, we present the case of a Germ cell carcinoma during pregnancy is rare. However, its detection has increased due to the use of ultrasound fetal monitoring in the antenatal care program. In this article, we present the case of a pregnant 27-year-old diagnosed with an adnexal germ cell carcinoma at six weeks of gestation, whose initial approach was local resection (suboptimal cytoreduction)...
2016: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556928/cold-shock-proteins-are-expressed-in-the-retina-following-exposure-to-low-temperatures
#7
Ignacio M Larrayoz, Manuel Rey-Funes, Daniela S Contartese, Federico Rolón, Anibal Sarotto, Veronica B Dorfman, Cesar F Loidl, Alfredo Martínez
Hypothermia has been proposed as a therapeutic intervention for some retinal conditions, including ischemic insults. Cold exposure elevates expression of cold-shock proteins (CSP), including RNA-binding motif protein 3 (RBM3) and cold inducible RNA-binding protein (CIRP), but their presence in mammalian retina is so far unknown. Here we show the effects of hypothermia on the expression of these CSPs in retina-derived cell lines and in the retina of newborn and adult rats. Two cell lines of retinal origin, R28 and mRPE, were exposed to 32°C for different time periods and CSP expression was measured by qRT-PCR and Western blotting...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27524245/lens-transcriptome-profile-during-cataract-development-in-mip-null-mice
#8
Thomas M Bennett, Yuefang Zhou, Alan Shiels
Major intrinsic protein or aquaporin-0 (MIP/AQP0) functions as a water channel and a cell-junction molecule in the vertebrate eye lens. Loss of MIP function in the lens leads to degraded optical quality and cataract formation by pathogenic mechanisms that are unclear. Here we have used microarray-hybridization analysis to detect lens transcriptome changes during cataract formation in mice that are functionally null for MIP (Mip-/-). In newborn Mip-/- lenses (P1) 11 genes were up-regulated and 18 were down-regulated (>2-fold, p=<0...
September 16, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27459961/equity-in-the-use-of-public-services-for-mother-and-newborn-child-health-care-in-pakistan-a-utilization-incidence-analysis
#9
Sadia Mariam Malik, Nabila Ashraf
BACKGROUND: Poor maternal and infant health indicators are mostly concentrated among low income households in Pakistan and health care expenditures - especially on medical emergencies - are the most common income shocks experienced by the poor. Public investments in health are therefore considered as pro-poor interventions by the government of Pakistan. This study employs nationally representative household data for Pakistan for 2007-08 and 2010-11 to investigate whether benefits from publicly financed services on Mother and Newborn Child Health (MNCH) are effectively captured by the poor in terms of service utilization...
2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27459146/successful-delivery-after-surgical-repair-of-uterine-rupture-at-15-weeks-of-gestation-case-report-and-brief-review
#10
REVIEW
D Surico, R Amadori, A Vigone, C D'Agostino, M Dessole, N Surico
OBJECTIVE: Second-trimester uterine rupture is a rare disorder and it is unclear if it should be managed with caesarean section, repair or hysterectomy. This article provides a case report of second-trimester uterine rupture repair, and reviews the risk factors, signs and symptoms, suturing technique and newborn outcome. METHODS: PubMed was searched using the terms 'uterine rupture', 'second trimester' and 'repair' Only cases of second-trimester uterine rupture repair that led to successful prolongation of pregnancy were included...
September 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27434146/pulmonary-hemorrhage-due-to-coxsackievirus-b-infection-a-call-to-raise-suspicion-of-this-important-complication-as-an-end-stage-of-enterovirus-sepsis-in-preterm-twin-neonates
#11
Rotem Orbach, Dror Mandel, Ronit Lubetzky, Amit Ovental, Alon Haham, Ora Halutz, Galia Grisaru-Soen
BACKGROUND: Prematurity is an important risk factor for the fulminate form of neonatal enteroviral infection. Pulmonary hemorrhage is a morbid complication that should be anticipated and managed aggressively due to its fatal outcome. OBJECTIVE: To emphasize the significance of pulmonary hemorrhage as a complication of severe enterovirus infection in preterm neonates. STUDY DESIGN: This report is a description of the clinical history, medical management and clinical outcomes of two pairs of preterm twin newborns (30 weeks and 36 weeks) with fulminant infection due to Coxsackievirus B (CBV) infection...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27433454/spontaneous-rupture-of-splenic-hemangioma-in-a-neonate
#12
Bruno Martinez-Leo, Jorge Vidal-Medina, Jesús Cervantes-Ledezma, Arid Díaz De León-Rivera, Edith Díaz-Velasco
Spleen vascular tumors such as hemangiomas, albeit rare, can present during neonatal period with unexplained circulatory shock. We present a case of a newborn with refractory hypovolemic shock and acute abdomen that underwent emergency splenectomy due to spontaneous rupture of a splenic hemangioma.
July 2016: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27418225/clinical-analysis-of-52-obstetric-hysterectomies
#13
Dobrosława L Sikora-Szczęśniak, Grzegorz Szczęśniak, Mieczysław Szatanek, Wacław Sikora
OBJECTIVES: Analysis of obstetric (peripartum and postpartum) hysterectomies with regard to their frequency, indications, complications, and risk factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 52 women operated between 1985-2012. Obstetric hysterectomies were performed in 39 (75%) and 13 (25%) women, respectively. The results were statistically analyzed as arithmetic mean and standard deviation (SD). RESULTS: Peri- and postpartum hysterectomies accounted for 0...
2016: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27174834/loss-of-confidence-in-vaccines-following-media-reports-of-infant-deaths-after-hepatitis-b-vaccination-in-china
#14
Wenzhou Yu, Dawei Liu, Jingshan Zheng, Yanmin Liu, Zhijie An, Lance Rodewald, Guomin Zhang, Qiru Su, Keli Li, Disha Xu, Fuzhen Wang, Ping Yuan, Wei Xia, Guijun Ning, Hui Zheng, Yaozhu Chu, Jian Cui, Mengjuan Duan, Lixin Hao, Yuqing Zhou, Zhenhua Wu, Xuan Zhang, Fuqiang Cui, Li Li, Huaqing Wang
BACKGROUND: China reduced hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection by 90% among children under 5 years old with safe and effective hepatitis B vaccines (HepB). In December 2013, this success was threatened by widespread media reports of infant deaths following HepB administration. Seventeen deaths and one case of anaphylactic shock following HBV vaccination had been reported. METHODS: We conducted a telephone survey to measure parental confidence in HepB in eleven provinces at four points in time; reviewed maternal HBV status and use of HepB for newborns in birth hospitals in eight provinces before and after the event; and monitored coverage with hepatitis B vaccine and other programme vaccines in ten provinces...
April 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27096879/congenital-heart-disease-in-pediatric-patients-recognizing-the-undiagnosed-and-managing-complications-in-the-emergency-department
#15
REVIEW
Pavan Judge, Garth Meckler Mshs
Congenital heart disease is the most common form of all congenital malformations and, despite advances in prenatal and newborn screening, it may present undiagnosed to the emergency department. Signs and symptoms of congenital heart disease are variable and often nonspecific, making recognition and treatment challenging. Patient presentations can range from life-threatening shock or cyanosis in a neonate to respiratory distress or failure to thrive in infants. Advances in surgical techniques have improved short- and long-term survival of infants and children with congenital heart disease, but these children are at risk for a variety of complications related to the underlying or surgical anatomy and physiology...
May 2016: Pediatric Emergency Medicine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27063399/an-integrative-review-of-mothers-experiences-of-preeclampsia
#16
REVIEW
Inger Emilie Værland, Kari Vevatne, Berit Støre Brinchmann
OBJECTIVE: To describe and synthesize the extant research on women's experiences with preeclampsia into the postpartum period, when birth is necessary to save the mother's or infant's life. DATA SOURCES: The PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL, and ISI Web of Science databases were searched for relevant articles published between 2004 and 2014. STUDY SELECTION: Although a comprehensive search was performed, only eight studies were found that answered the research question and were included in the review...
May 2016: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26973452/the-contradictory-effects-of-neuronal-hyperexcitation-on-adult-hippocampal-neurogenesis
#17
REVIEW
José R Pineda, Juan M Encinas
Adult hippocampal neurogenesis is a highly plastic process that responds swiftly to neuronal activity. Adult hippocampal neurogenesis can be regulated at the level of neural stem cell recruitment and activation, progenitor proliferation, as well as newborn cell survival and differentiation. An "excitation-neurogenesis" rule was proposed after the demonstration of the capability of cultured neural stem and progenitor cells to intrinsically sense neuronal excitatory activity. In vivo, this property has remained elusive although recently the direct response of neural stem cells to GABA in the hippocampus via GABAA receptors has evidenced a mechanism for a direct talk between neurons and neural stem cells...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26904317/pseudohypoaldosteronism-in-a-neonate-presenting-as-life-threatening-hyperkalemia
#18
Najya A Attia, Yousef I Marzouk
Context. Pseudohypoaldosteronism type 1 (PHA1) is a life-threatening disease that causes severe hyperkalemia and cardiac arrest if not treated appropriately or if diagnosis is missed. Objective. To report a case of a newborn with vomiting and lethargy, ultimately diagnosed with pseudohypoaldosteronism. Patient. This case presented to the ED at an age of 14 days in hypovolemic shock. There was a family history of sudden infant death, her sister who was diagnosed with CAH and passed away at 3 months of age despite regular hormone replacement...
2016: Case Reports in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26677087/nonthyroidal-illnesses-syndrome-in-full-term-newborns-with-sepsis
#19
Maria Helena Baptista Nunes da Silva, Maria Cristina Korbage de Araujo, Edna Maria de Albuquerque Diniz, Maria Esther Jurfest Rivero Ceccon, Werther Brunow de Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: To assess hormonal changes in nonthyroidal illness syndrome (NTIS) in full-term newborns (NT) with sepsis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included 28 NT with sepsis divided into 2 groups according to the time of normalization of serum and clinical indicators of infection: group A(A), 16 NT with improvement in up to 8 days; and group B(B), 12 NT improvement after 8 days. Among the 28 NT, 15 NT progressed to septic shock, with 5 NT group A and 10 NT in group B...
December 2015: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26660689/new-minimum-relative-humidity-requirements-are-expected-to-lead-to-more-medical-device-failures
#20
Mehdi Kohani, Michael Pecht
In 2010, the Addendum D to ASHRAE Standard 170, "Ventilation of healthcare facilities," lowered the minimum relative humidity (RH) requirement of anesthetizing locations (including operating rooms, operating/surgical cystoscopic rooms, delivery rooms (Caesarean), recovery rooms, critical and intensive care, newborn intensive care, treatment rooms, trauma rooms (crisis or shock), laser eye rooms, newborn nursery suites, and endoscopy rooms) from 30 % to 20 %. The new minimum limit was adopted based on the results of a review paper that suggested that lowering humidity levels will have little or no impact on providing a safe environment for patients, staff, or medical equipment...
March 2016: Journal of Medical Systems
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