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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656306/oral-and-sublingual-immunotherapy-for-treatment-of-ige-mediated-food-allergy
#1
REVIEW
Amy M Scurlock
Development of active therapies for IgE-mediated food allergy is a critical action step toward alleviating the adverse medical, psychosocial, and economic burdens on affected patients and families. Significant progress has been observed specifically in the application of single-allergen oral and sublingual immunotherapy for treatment of IgE-mediated food allergy, with emphasis on milk, egg, and peanut as the primary allergens. Oral immunotherapy (OIT) has demonstrated efficacy in promoting immunomodulatory effects that lead to the clinical outcome of desensitization, defined as reduced reactivity while on active OIT, in the majority of treated individuals; however, achievement of sustained unresponsiveness following cessation of therapy has been observed in a smaller subset of treated subjects...
April 14, 2018: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622825/gastrointestinal-food-allergy-in-ghanaian-children-a-case-series
#2
Taiba J Afaa, Adwoa Ka Afrane, Victor Etwire
Background: Food allergy is an adverse health effect arising from a specific immune response that occurs reproducibly on exposure to a given food. Food allergies are classified into three types: Ig(immunoglobulin)E mediated, mixed IgE and cell mediated and cell-mediated non IgE mediated. Gastrointestinal (GIT) food allergy has classically encompassed a number of different clinical entities: food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES), food protein-induced proctocolitis (FPIP), food protein-induced enteropathy and eosinophilic gastrointestinal disorders (EGID)...
September 2017: Ghana Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601355/how-to-prevent-food-allergy-during-infancy-what-has-changed-since-2013
#3
William J Lavery, Amal Assa'ad
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to summarize recent studies and emerging consensus guidelines regarding food allergy prevention in infants of the past 5 years. RECENT FINDINGS: Prior to 2013, the general consensus regarding prevention of food allergy in infants was to recommend delayed introduction or complete avoidance of commonly allergenic foods, such as milk, egg and peanut. However, in the past 5 years, several landmark studies have been conducted, particularly with peanut...
March 29, 2018: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601353/how-to-diagnose-food-allergy
#4
Sakura Sato, Noriyuki Yanagida, Motohiro Ebisawa
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To assess the recent studies that focus on specific immunoglobulin E (sIgE) testing and basophil activation test (BAT) for diagnosing IgE-mediated food allergies. RECENT FINDINGS: The sIgE to allergen extract or component can predict reactivity to food. The cutoff value based on the positive predictive value (PPV) of sIgE can be considered whenever deciding whether oral food challenge (OFC) is required to diagnose hen's egg, cow's milk, wheat, peanut, and cashew nut allergy...
March 29, 2018: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576253/nutritional-management-of-cow-s-milk-allergy-in-children-an-update
#5
C Dupont, J-P Chouraqui, A Linglart, A Bocquet, D Darmaun, F Feillet, M-L Frelut, J-P Girardet, R Hankard, J-C Rozé, U Simeoni, A Briend
Cow's milk is one of the most common foods responsible for allergic reactions in children. Cow's milk allergy (CMA) involves immunoglobulin E (IgE)- and non-IgE-mediated reactions, the latter being both variable and nonspecific. Guidelines thus emphasize the need for physicians to recognize the specific syndromes of CMA and to respect strict diagnostic modalities. Whatever the clinical pattern of CMA, the mainstay of treatment is the elimination from the diet of cow's milk proteins. The challenge is that both the disease and the elimination diet may result in insufficient height and weight gain and bone mineralization...
March 22, 2018: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575164/increasing-specific-immunoglobulin-e-levels-correlate-with-the-risk-of-anaphylaxis-during-an-oral-food-challenge
#6
Noriyuki Yanagida, Sakura Sato, Kyohei Takahashi, Ken-Ichi Nagakura, Tomoyuki Asaumi, Kiyotake Ogura, Motohiro Ebisawa
BACKGROUND: Oral food challenges (OFCs) are necessary to diagnose food allergies; however, these tests can cause anaphylaxis. Higher specific immunoglobulin E (sIgE) levels to causative food have been associated with a positive OFC. To date, no data have been found to indicate the factors associated with severe symptoms or anaphylaxis among challenge-positive patients. This study aimed to clarify the association of sIgE with causative foods and anaphylaxis during OFC among the whole study population and challenge-positive patients...
March 25, 2018: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571475/gut-peptidases-from-a-specialist-herbivore-of-latex-plants-are-capable-of-milk-protein-hydrolysis-inputs-for-hypoallergenic-milk-formulas
#7
João P B Oliveira, Márcio V Ramos, Francisco E S Lopes, Igor C Studart, Jefferson S Oliveira, Marina D P Lobo, Ana C O Monteiro-Moreira, Cleverson D T Freitas
Transitory allergies to cow milk proteins in infants or adults have become a public health problem. Although extensively or partially hydrolyzed cow milk protein formulas are available, these products are costly. Therefore, studies into innovative enzymes to digest cow milk proteins are needed. Danaus plexippus gut peptidases were purified and examined with regard to cow milk protein hydrolysis. The peptidases hydrolyzed caseins and whey proteins. However, after heat treatment, there was a significant improvement in β-lactoglobulin hydrolysis...
July 30, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556760/consumption-of-soy-based-infant-formula-is-not-associated-with-early-onset-of-puberty
#8
Tali Sinai, Shely Ben-Avraham, Inbal Guelmann-Mizrahi, Michael R Goldberg, Larisa Naugolni, Galia Askapa, Yitzhak Katz, Marianna Rachmiel
PURPOSE: The use of soy products is common in young children with cow milk allergy (CMA). The aim was to examine prospectively the association between infantile consumption of soy-based formula, growth parameters and early pubertal signs, in comparison to cow milk-based formula. METHODS: A nested case-control study was conducted, selected from a cohort of infants prospectively followed from birth until the age of 3 years for eating habits and the development of IgE-mediated CMA...
March 20, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555204/-anti-tissue-transglutaminase-antibodies-not-related-to-gluten-intake
#9
Mónica Garcia-Peris, Ester Donat Aliaga, María Roca Llorens, Etna Masip Simó, Begoña Polo Miquel, Carmen Ribes Koninckx
INTRODUCTION: Anti-tissue transglutaminase antibodies (tTG) have high specificity for coeliac disease (CD). However, positive anti-tTG antibodies have been described in non-coeliac patients. Aim To assess positive anti-tTG antibodies not related to gluten intake. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective review and follow up conducted on patients with suspected CD (increase anti-tTG levels and gastrointestinal symptoms) but with atypical serology results, positive anti-tTG with gluten free diet and a decrease in anti-tTG levels despite gluten intake...
March 16, 2018: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549703/anaphylaxis-to-cutaneous-exposure-to-bovine-colostrum-based-cream
#10
Federica Porcaro, Lucia Caminiti, Giuseppe Crisafulli, Francesco Guglielmo, Giovanni Battista Pajno
Children who are highly sensitive to milk may also have severe allergic reactions after exposure to cow's milk proteins(CMP) through a different administration route than the oral one. We describe the case of a 16-year-old Caucasian boy with a clinical history of persistent cow's milk allergy (CMA), who developed one episode of anaphylaxis following cutaneous application of a bovine colostrum containing cream to a surgical wound. UniCAP testing showed a significant elevation in specific IgE antibodies to whey milk proteins...
March 12, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549437/treatment-of-eosinophilic-esophagitis-in-the-pediatric-patient-an-evidence-based-approach
#11
REVIEW
Mery Munoz-Persy, Alfredo J Lucendo
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a unique form of non-IgE-mediated food allergy characterized by esophageal eosinophilic infiltration that commonly causes dysphagia and food impaction in children and adolescents. Assessing the efficacy of dietary restrictions or drug therapies to achieve clinical and histologic resolution of EoE through randomized controlled trials and meta-analyses has resulted in new evidence-based guidelines. Avoiding food triggers is the only therapy targeting the cause of the disease...
March 17, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542268/the-effect-of-oral-immunotherapy-treatment-in-severe-ige-mediated-milk-peanut-and-egg-allergy-in-adults
#12
Jarkko Mäntylä, Tuuli Thomander, Auli Hakulinen, Kaarina Kukkonen, Kati Palosuo, Helena Voutilainen, Anna Pelkonen, Paula Kauppi
INTRODUCTION: The standard care of severe food allergy in both adults and children means avoidance of allergens. In recent years promising results of oral immunotherapy (OIT) have been reported in children. In adults, information on OIT in severe food allergy is very limited. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to study if OIT is possible in adults. METHODS: We report OIT results in 10 adult patients with milk OIT, nine adult patients with peanut OIT, and four adult patients with egg OIT...
March 15, 2018: Immunity, Inflammation and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538498/-anaphylaxis-related-to-measles-mumps-and-rubella-vaccine-in-santa-catarina-state-brazil-2014-and-2015
#13
Francieli Fontana Sutile Tardetti Fantinato, Alexander Vargas, Sandra Maria Deotti Carvalho, Carla Magda Allan Santos Domingues, Gisele Barreto, Arieli Schiessl Fialho, Roselita Heinen da Silva, Eduardo Saad, Ivonne Natalia Solarte Agredo
The study aimed to describe cases and verify the frequency of anaphylaxis related to measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine produced by manufacturer A and to assess associated risk factors. This was a case-control study (1:4) in Santa Catarina State, Brazil, from July 14, 2014, to January 12, 2015, in children from one year to less than five years of age, vaccinated with MMR and reported with anaphylaxis, while the controls were without anaphylaxis. The measure of association was odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (95%CI), using the chi-square and Fisher's exact tests...
March 12, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528585/food-specific-ige-as-a-biomarker-of-oral-immunotherapy-efficacy-in-comparison-to-double-blind-food-challenge-test
#14
Nissreen E ELBadawy, Randa S Abdel-Latif
Specific immunotherapy (SIT) is one of the important lines for the treatment of food allergy. Efficacy tests for clinical response to SIT are limited and subjective. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the validity of food specific Ig E levels as a biomarker of clinical improvement in children with food allergy treated with oral immunotherapy (OIT). We analysed 184 children with food allergy, 143 had undergone 2 years of food OIT and 41 were on allergen restricted diet and considered as control. All patients were subjected to Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Food Challenge test (DBPCFC), allergic symptom score calculation, and serum food specific Ig E level before and after oral immunotherapy for treated patients and after 2 year of allergen restricted diet for the control group...
June 2017: Egyptian Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522850/dietary-therapy-for-eosinophilic-esophagitis
#15
Javier Molina-Infante, Alfredo J Lucendo
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a chronic, immune-mediated, esophageal disease triggered predominantly, but not excusively, by food antigens. Presently, available food allergy tests are suboptimal to predict food triggers for EoE, especially in adults. Elemental diet (exclusive feeding with aminoacid-based formulas) and empiric six-food elimination diet (6-FED; withdrawing milk, wheat, egg, soy, nuts and fish/seafood for 6 weeks), have consistently shown the best efficacy rates. However, their high level of restriction and need for multiple endoscopies have hampered their implementation in clinical practice...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516263/the-impact-of-baked-egg-and-baked-milk-diets-on-ige-and-non-ige-mediated-allergy
#16
REVIEW
Julia Upton, Anna Nowak-Wegrzyn
Baked milk (BM) and baked egg (BE) diets are increasingly used in the management of milk and egg allergy, rather than avoidance. Children with tolerance versus reactivity to BM and BE may have smaller skin prick test and lower specific IgE, and BM-tolerant children have less basophil reactivity and more peripheral T regulatory cells. However, most milk- and egg-allergic children tolerate BM and BE and an individual's reactivity is unpredictable. Non-reactivity is due to conformational changes in the allergens...
March 8, 2018: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502384/weaning-and-complementary-feeding-in-preterm-infants-management-timing-and-health-outcome
#17
Roberta Barachetti, Elisabetta Villa, Mario Barbarini
The introduction of solid food is necessary for any infant in order to provide adequate nutrition because when they grow up milk is insufficient for their nutritional needs. Infants born preterm have increased nutritional requirements. The high nutrient demands as well as the organ immaturity of preterm infants combine to render it difficult to achieve dietary intakes that will allow preterm infants to match their in utero growth rates. Current guidelines for the introduction of solid food to term infants cannot be directly translated to preterm infants...
December 22, 2017: La Pediatria Medica e Chirurgica: Medical and Surgical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494340/sanjad-sakati-syndrome-with-macrocytic-anemia-and-failure-to-thrive-a-case-from-south-jordan
#18
Salma A Ajarmeh, Eyad M Al Tamimi
Backgorund: Sanjad-Sakati syndrome (SSS) is a rare autosomal recessive disease caused by a deletion mutation (155-166del) in exon 3 of the TBCE gene on chromosome 1q42-43. The syndrome is characterized by primary hypoparathyroidism, typical dysmorphic features and severe growth retardation. CASE PRESENTATION: We encountered a 2-year-old boy with hypocalcemia, failure to thrive and macrocytic anemia. The patient had the characteristic features of SSS and genetic testing confirmed that he was homozygous for the TBCE mutation...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490044/apical-to-basolateral-transepithelial-transport-of-cow-s-milk-caseins-by-intestinal-caco-2-cell-monolayers-ms-based-quantitation-of-cellularly-degraded-%C3%AE-and-%C3%AE-casein-fragments
#19
Nao Sakurai, Shunsuke Nishio, Yuka Akiyama, Shinji Miyata, Kenzi Oshima, Daita Nadano, Tsukasa Matsuda
Casein is the major milk protein to nourish infants but, in certain population, it causes cow's milk allergy, indicating the uptake of antigenic casein and their peptides through the intestinal epithelium. Using human intestinal Caco-2 cell monolayers, the apical-to-basal transepithelial transport of casein was investigated. Confocal microscopy using component-specific antibodies showed that αs1-casein antigens became detectable as punctate signals at the apical-side cytoplasm and reached to the cytoplasm at a tight-junction level within a few hours...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483908/cow-s-milk-and-immune-function-in-the-respiratory-tract-potential-mechanisms
#20
REVIEW
Olaf Perdijk, Marloes van Splunter, Huub F J Savelkoul, Sylvia Brugman, R J Joost van Neerven
During the last decades, the world has witnessed a dramatic increase in allergy prevalence. Epidemiological evidence shows that growing up on a farm is a protective factor, which is partly explained by the consumption of raw cow's milk. Indeed, recent studies show inverse associations between raw cow's milk consumption in early life and asthma, hay fever, and rhinitis. A similar association of raw cow's milk consumption with respiratory tract infections is recently found. In line with these findings, controlled studies in infants with milk components such as lactoferrin, milk fat globule membrane, and colostrum IgG have shown to reduce respiratory infections...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
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