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Surgical wound class

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29885914/successful-treatment-of-massive-hemothorax-with-class-iv-shock-using-aortography-with-transcatheter-embolization-of-actively-bleeding-posterior-left-intercostal-arteries-after-penetrating-left-chest-trauma-a-case-for-the-hybrid-or
#1
Carolyn Moore, Golda Kwayisi, Prince Esiobu, Keren A Bashan-Gilzenrat, Leslie R Matthews, Jonathan Nguyen, Nathaniel Moriarty, Michael Liggon, Kahdi Udobi, Assad Taha, Ed Childs, Omar Danner
Hemothorax is a common occurrence after blunt or penetrating injury to the chest. Posterior intercostal vessel hemorrhage as a cause of major intrathoracic bleeding is an infrequent source of massive bleeding. Selective angiography with trans-catheter embolization may provide a minimally invasive and efficient method of controlling bleeding refractory to surgical treatment. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 19 year-old male sustained a gunshot wound to his left chest with massive hemothorax and refractory hemorrhage...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875559/comparative-evaluation-of-coronally-advanced-flap-using-amniotic-membrane-and-platelet-rich-fibrin-membrane-in-gingival-recession-an-18-month-clinical-study
#2
Mohd Rehan, Manish Khatri, Mansi Bansal, Komal Puri, Ashish Kumar
Background: An amnion membrane is a placenta-derived tissue that consists of numerous growth factors, proteins, and stem cell reserves which help in accelerated wound healing and regeneration. Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) also releases growth factors after activation from the platelets and gets trapped within fibrin matrix which has been shown to stimulate the mitogenic response in the periosteum for bone repair and regeneration during normal wound healing. This preliminary, controlled, randomized clinical trial with an 18-month follow-up was aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of coronally advanced flap (CAF) with either PRF membrane or bioresorbable amniotic membrane (AM) in treatment of localized gingival recession defects...
April 2018: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869083/comparison-of-outcomes-following-laparoscopic-and-open-treatment-of-emergent-small-bowel-obstruction-an-11-year-analysis-of-acs-nsqip
#3
Richa Patel, Neil P Borad, Aziz M Merchant
BACKGROUND: Small bowel obstruction (SBO) continues to be a common indication for acute care surgery. While open procedures are still widely used for treatment, laparoscopic procedures may have important advantages in certain patient populations. We aim to analyze differences in outcomes between the two for treatment of bowel obstruction. METHODS: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program was used to find patients that underwent emergent or non-elective surgery for SBO...
June 4, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744646/wound-complications-after-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-of-tibial-plateau-fractures-in-the-elderly-a-multicentre-study
#4
Christopher L Gaunder, Zibin Zhao, Corey Henderson, Brandon R McKinney, Philip F Stahel, Boris A Zelle
PURPOSE: The incidence of wound complications after open reduction with internal fixation (ORIF) of tibial plateau fractures in young patients has been reported to range from approximately 5 to 15%. Reports on wound complication rates in the elderly patients are limited. This study investigates the incidence of post-operative wound complications in elderly patients undergoing ORIF of their tibial plateau fractures. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed within three accredited level 1 trauma centres...
May 9, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732419/complications-following-single-level-interbody-fusion-procedures-an-acs-nsqip-study
#5
Jamal N Shillingford, Joseph L Laratta, Joseph M Lombardi, John D Mueller, Meghan Cerpa, Hemant P Reddy, Comron Saifi, Charla R Fischer, Ronald A Lehman
Background: Controversy exists over the ability of various lumbar interbody fusion techniques to realign global and regional balance and their effect on patient outcomes. This is a retrospective cohort study to compare thirty-day postoperative outcomes between anterior and posterior interbody fusion techniques within a large national database. Methods: A retrospective cohort study utilizing the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database included 2,372 (29...
March 2018: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701365/long-term-outcomes-in-octogenarians-following-isolated-aortic-valve-replacement
#6
Sara Simões Costa, Diogo Rijo, João Pedro Monteiro, Daniel Martins, Nelson Santos Paulo, Luis Vouga, Miguel Guerra
INTRODUCTION: Isolated aortic valve replacement (AVR) in elderly patients is associated with increased operative risk, due to higher prevalence of associated risk factors and other comorbidities, making outcome prediction essential. In patients with symptomatic severe aortic disease, advanced age is often a reason for a transcatheter rather than surgical aortic valve replacement. In the era of TAVI, there has been renewed interest in the outcomes of conventional AVR for high and intermediate risk patients...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664613/advanced-materials-and-devices-for-bioresorbable-electronics
#7
Seung-Kyun Kang, Jahyun Koo, Yoon Kyeung Lee, John A Rogers
Recent advances in materials chemistry establish the foundations for unusual classes of electronic systems, characterized by their ability to fully or partially dissolve, disintegrate, or otherwise physically or chemically decompose in a controlled fashion after some defined period of stable operation. Such types of "transient" technologies may enable consumer gadgets that minimize waste streams associated with disposal, implantable sensors that disappear harmlessly in the body, and hardware-secure platforms that prevent unwanted recovery of sensitive data...
May 15, 2018: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602551/relationship-between-perioperative-blood-transfusion-and-surgical-site-infections-in-pediatric-general-and-thoracic-surgical-patients
#8
Jason Fawley, Thomas H Chelius, Marjorie J Arca
BACKGROUND: Recently, perioperative transfusions were demonstrated to be associated with higher rate of surgical site infections (SSIs) in neonates. We sought to examine whether a similar relationship exists between perioperative blood transfusions and SSI among non-neonatal pediatric general surgical patients. METHODS: We conducted an IRB-approved retrospective study reviewing non-neonatal patients (age greater than 28days and less than 18years) who underwent a general or thoracic surgical procedure in 2012, 2013, 2014, in the American College of Surgeons National Safety and Quality Improvement Project-Pediatric (ACS-NSQIP-P) Participant User Files...
March 4, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580350/frailty-predicts-morbidity-after-colectomy-for-ulcerative-colitis
#9
Edwin Telemi, Oleksandr Trofymenko, Raghunandan Venkat, Viraj Pandit, T K Pandian, Valentine N Nfonsam
The rate of ulcerative colitis (UC), an inflammatory bowel disease, has been on the rise in the United States for the last several decades. Colectomy can be performed when other treatment options cannot provide a reasonable quality of life to patients with UC. Frailty has been shown to be a strong tool for evaluating preoperative risk factors for poor postoperative outcomes. The National Surgical Quality and Improvement Program cross-institutional database was used for this study. Data from 943 patients who underwent colectomy for UC between 2005 and 2012 were evaluated...
February 1, 2018: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543631/amisulpride-prevents-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-in-patients-at-high-risk-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#10
Peter Kranke, Sergio D Bergese, Harold S Minkowitz, Timothy I Melson, David G Leiman, Keith A Candiotti, Ngai Liu, Leopold Eberhart, Ashraf S Habib, Jan Wallenborn, Anthony L Kovac, Pierre Diemunsch, Gabriel Fox, Tong J Gan
BACKGROUND: Postoperative nausea and vomiting causes distress for patients and can prolong care requirements. Consensus guidelines recommend use of multiple antiemetics from different mechanistic classes as prophylaxis in patients at high risk of postoperative nausea and vomiting. The prophylactic efficacy of the dopamine D2/D3 antagonist amisulpride in combination with other antiemetics was investigated. METHODS: This double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, international, multicenter trial was conducted in 1,147 adult surgical patients having three or four postoperative nausea and vomiting risk factors...
June 2018: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541448/multidrug-resistant-gram-negative-bacterial-infections-in-a-teaching-hospital-in-ghana
#11
Nicholas Agyepong, Usha Govinden, Alex Owusu-Ofori, Sabiha Yusuf Essack
Background: Multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria have emerged as major clinical and therapeutic dilemma in hospitals in Ghana.To describe the prevalence and profile of infections attributable to multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria among patients at the Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital in the Ashanti region of Ghana. Methods: Bacterial cultures were randomly selected from the microbiology laboratory from February to August, 2015. Bacterial identification and minimum inhibitory concentrations were conducted using standard microbiological techniques and the Vitek-2 automated system...
2018: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500144/impact-of-teaching-on-surgical-site-infection-after-colonic-surgery
#12
Fabian Grass, Basile Pache, Christiane Petignat, Estelle Moulin, Dieter Hahnloser, Nicolas Demartines, Martin Hübner
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to evaluate whether teaching had an influence on surgical site infections (SSI) after colonic surgery. DESIGN: Colonic surgeries between January 2014 and December 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. Demographics, surgical details, and SSI rates were compared between teaching procedures vs. experts. Risk factors for SSI were identified by multinominal logistic regression. SETTING: SSI were prospectively assessed by an independent National Surveillance Program (www...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482640/investigation-of-short-term-surgical-complications-in-a-low-resource-high-volume-dog-sterilisation-clinic-in-india
#13
I Airikkala-Otter, L Gamble, S Mazeri, I G Handel, B M de C Bronsvoort, R J Mellanby, N V Meunier
BACKGROUND: Surgical sterilisation is currently the method of choice for controlling free-roaming dog populations. However, there are significant logistical challenges to neutering large numbers of dogs in low-resource clinics. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of short-term surgical complications in a low-resource sterilisation clinic which did not routinely administer post-operative antibiotics. The medical records of all sterilisation surgeries performed in 2015 at the Worldwide Veterinary Service International Training Centre in Tamil Nadu, India were reviewed (group A) to assess immediate surgical complications...
February 27, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476999/the-impact-of-different-postgraduate-year-training-in-neurosurgery-residency-on-30-day-return-to-operating-room-a-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program-study
#14
Mohamed Macki, Mohamed Fakih, Pridvi Kandagatla, Ilan Rubinfeld, Victor Chang
OBJECTIVE: Because of the health care initiative on quality improvement projects in academic medicine, this study explores the impact of different postgraduate years (PGYs) on unexpected re-operation rates. METHODS: Using the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program 2005-2014, adult neurosurgical cases were divided into subspecialties: spine, open vascular, cranial, and functional. Comparison groups were cases involving junior residents (PGY 1-PGY 3), mid-level residents (PGY 4 + PGY 5), and senior residents (PGY 6 + PGY 7)...
February 21, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455840/cardiac-surgery-outcomes-in-patients-with-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia
#15
Yuanjia Zhu, Andrew J Toth, Ashley M Lowry, Eugene H Blackstone, Brian T Hill, Stephanie L Mick
BACKGROUND: Surgical outcomes of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) undergoing cardiac surgery are limited. Our objectives were to investigate hospital morbidity and mortality after open cardiac surgery in CLL versus non-CLL patients. METHODS: From May 1995 to May 2015, 157 patients with CLL and 55,917 without and older than 47 years underwent elective cardiac surgery at Cleveland Clinic. By Rai criteria, 79 CLL patients (56%) were low risk (class 0), 13 (9...
April 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452285/risk-factors-for-perioperative-morbidity-in-spine-surgeries-of-different-complexities-a-multivariate-analysis-of-1-009-consecutive-patients
#16
Mazda Farshad, David E Bauer, Cyrill Wechsler, Christian Gerber, Alexander Aichmair
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: There is a broad spectrum of complications during or after surgical procedures, with differing incidences reported in the published literature. Heterogeneity can be explained by the lack of an established evidence-based classification system for documentation and classification of complications in a standardized manner. PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to identify predictive risk factors for perioperative and early postoperative morbidities in spine surgeries of different complexities in a large cohort of consecutive patients...
February 13, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439774/panniculectomy-after-bariatric-surgical-weight-loss-analysis-of-complications-and-modifiable-risk-factors
#17
Michael Derickson, Cody Phillips, Morgan Barron, John Kuckelman, Matthew Martin, Mia DeBarros
INTRODUCTION: Bariatric surgery results in massive weight loss, leaving many patients with redundant skin that can cause significant physical and psychosocial limitations. We sought to identify variables associated with postoperative complications and adjuncts associated with the mitigation of postoperative complications. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of all post-bariatric surgery patients who underwent panniculectomy over a 10-year period. RESULTS: Total 706 patients included...
May 2018: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408507/have-recent-modifications-of-operating-room-attire-policies-decreased-surgical-site-infections-an-american-college-of-surgeons-nsqip-review-of-6-517-patients
#18
Sandra M Farach, Kristin N Kelly, Rachel L Farkas, Daniel T Ruan, Amy Matroniano, David C Linehan, Jacob Moalem
BACKGROUND: After a Department of Health site visit, 2 teaching hospitals imposed strict regulations on operating room attire, including full coverage of ears and facial hair. We hypothesized that this intervention would reduce superficial surgical site infections (SSIs). STUDY DESIGN: We compared NSQIP data from all patients undergoing operations in the 9 months before implementation (n = 3,077) to time-matched data 9 months post-implementation (n = 3,440)...
May 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387303/multi-institutional-analysis-of-surgical-management-and-outcomes-of-mandibular-fracture-repair-in-adults
#19
Dmitry Zavlin, Kevin T Jubbal, Anthony Echo, Shayan A Izaddoost, Jeffrey D Friedman, Olushola Olorunnipa
Mandibular fractures are rare, most commonly occurring in young male patients who present with facial trauma. The etiology, incidence, and presentation vary among previous publications depending on cultural and socioeconomic factors of the region of origin. This multi-institutional study aims to present demographic characteristics, surgical treatment, and clinical outcomes of surgical repair of mandible fractures in the United States. An analysis of the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) adult databases of the years 2006 through 2014 was performed identifying 940 patients with an International Classification of Diseases, version 9 (ICD-9) diagnosis of either closed or open fracture of the mandible...
March 2018: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386154/assesment-of-predictor-variables-and-clinical-consequences-associated-with-surgical-site-infection-in-tertiary-care-setting-karachi-pakistan
#20
Anum Tariq, Huma Ali, Farya Zafar, Ali Akbar Sial, Kamran Hameed, Mehwish Rizvi, Rabia Bushra, Saima Salim, Zeb-Un Nisa, Ghazala R Naqvi, Saba Zubair
Among the well-known Health care-associated infections (HAIs), surgical site infections (SSIs) contribute to considerable high mortality and morbidity rate, substantial prolongation in hospitalization period and extra expenses in terms of treatment cost. This study was aimed to evaluate the predictive variables associated with surgical site infections, and their clinical consequences. This was a prospective, cross sectional study conducted in the surgical department of tertiary care setting in Karachi, Pakistan...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
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