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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231239/surveillance-for-health-care-access-and-health-services-use-adults-aged-18-64-years-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system-united-states-2014
#1
Catherine A Okoro, Guixiang Zhao, Jared B Fox, Paul I Eke, Kurt J Greenlund, Machell Town
PROBLEM/CONDITION: As a result of the 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, millions of U.S. adults attained health insurance coverage. However, millions of adults remain uninsured or underinsured. Compared with adults without barriers to health care, adults who lack health insurance coverage, have coverage gaps, or skip or delay care because of limited personal finances might face increased risk for poor physical and mental health and premature mortality. PERIOD COVERED: 2014...
February 24, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229306/behavioral-and-social-sciences-at-the-national-institutes-of-health-adoption-of-research-findings-in-health-research-and-practice-as-a-scientific-priority
#2
William T Riley
The National Institutes of Health's Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research (OBSSR) recently released its Strategic Plan for 2017 to 2021. This plan highlights three scientific priorities: (1) improve the synergy of basic and applied behavioral and social sciences research, (2) enhance and promote the research infrastructure, methods, and measures needed to support a more cumulative and integrated approach to behavioral and social sciences research, and (3) facilitate the adoption of behavioral and social sciences research findings in health research and in practice...
February 22, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229069/an-analysis-of-real-self-perceived-and-desired-bmi-is-there-a-need-for-regular-screening-to-correct-misperceptions-and-motivate-weight-reduction
#3
Jonathan F Easton, Christopher R Stephens, Heriberto Román Sicilia
We study the relationship among real, self-perceived, and desired body mass index (BMI) in 21,288 adults from the Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey 2012, analyzing the effect of sex and diagnosis of obesity/overweight by a healthcare professional. Self-perceived and desired BMI are analyzed via a figure rating scale question and compared to real BMI. Only 8.8 and 6.1% of the diagnosed and non-diagnosed obese, respectively, correctly identify themselves as such. For the obese, 20.2% of non-diagnosed and 12...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228940/beneficial-effects-of-nonpharmacological-interventions-in-the-management-of-essential-hypertension
#4
REVIEW
Anastasios Vamvakis, Eugenia Gkaliagkousi, Areti Triantafyllou, Eleni Gavriilaki, Stella Douma
Essential hypertension is a major health problem causing excess cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Management of essential hypertension consists of pharmacological and nonpharmacological interventions. In order to prevent and/or treat hypertension, parameters like nutrition, body weight, and physical exercise should be evaluated and taken under consideration for improvement. A large body of evidence clearly support that the role of salt, alcohol, fruits, and vegetables is important for high blood pressure...
January 2017: JRSM Cardiovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228370/enhancing-doctors-competencies-in-communication-with-and-activation-of-older-patients-the-promoting-active-aging-practa-computer-based-intervention-study
#5
Dorota Wlodarczyk, Joanna Chylińska, Magdalena Lazarewicz, Marta Rzadkiewicz, Mariusz Jaworski, Miroslawa Adamus, Gørill Haugan, Monica Lillefjell, Geir Arild Espnes
BACKGROUND: Demographic changes over the past decades call for the promotion of health and disease prevention for older patients, as well as strategies to enhance their independence, productivity, and quality of life. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to examine the effects of a computer-based educational intervention designed for general practitioners (GPs) to promote active aging. METHODS: The Promoting Active Aging (PRACTA) study consisted of a baseline questionnaire, implementation of an intervention, and a follow-up questionnaire that was administered 1 month after the intervention...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227536/a-pilot-study-on-the-neurometric-evaluation-of-effective-and-ineffective-antismoking-public-service-announcements
#6
Giulia Cartocci, Enrica Modica, Dario Rossi, Anton Giulio Maglione, Isotta Venuti, Giulia Rossi, Elena Corsi, Fabio Babiloni, Giulia Cartocci, Enrica Modica, Dario Rossi, Anton Giulio Maglione, Isotta Venuti, Giulia Rossi, Elena Corsi, Fabio Babiloni, Enrica Modica, Isotta Venuti, Giulia Rossi, Fabio Babiloni, Anton Giulio Maglione, Dario Rossi, Elena Corsi, Giulia Cartocci
Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable death and smoking-related illness worldwide. Research has shown that antismoking advertising may help reduce this habit. Nowadays, public service announcements (PSAs) are considered "Effective" or "Ineffective" on the base of official reports concerning behavioral/attitudinal changes toward healthier patterns and health-related savings following the exposure to the PSA. In this pilot study, we described the results of the use of three neurometric indexes for the evaluation of the efficacy of a couple of antismoking PSAs in a reduced sample of voluntary participants...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227482/assessing-app-quality-through-expert-peer-review-a-case-study-from-the-gray-matters-study
#7
Phillip J Hartin, Ian Cleland, Chris D Nugent, Sally I McClean, JoAnn Tschanz, Christine Clark, Maria C Norton, Phillip J Hartin, Ian Cleland, Chris D Nugent, Sally I McClean, JoAnn Tschanz, Christine Clark, Maria C Norton, JoAnn Tschanz, Christine Clark, Ian Cleland, Maria C Norton, Sally I McClean, Chris D Nugent, Phillip J Hartin
Health apps focused on inciting behavior change are becoming increasingly popular. Nevertheless, many lack underlying evidence base, scientific credibility and have limited clinical effectiveness. It is therefore important that apps are well-informed, scientifically credible, peer reviewed and evidence based. This paper presents the use of the Mobile App Rating Scale (MARS) to assess the quality of the Grey Matters app, a cross platform app to deliver health education material and track behavior change across multi-domains with the aim of reducing the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227217/acceptability-of-a-team-based-mobile-health-mhealth-application-for-lifestyle-self-management-in-individuals-with-chronic-illnesses
#8
Andrea L Hartzler, Anusha Venkatakrishnan, Shiwali Mohan, Michael Silva, Paula Lozano, James D Ralston, Evette Ludman, Dori Rosenberg, Katherine M Newton, Lester Nelson, Peter Pirolli, Andrea L Hartzler, Anusha Venkatakrishnan, Shiwali Mohan, Michael Silva, Paula Lozano, James D Ralston, Evette Ludman, Dori Rosenberg, Katherine M Newton, Lester Nelson, Peter Pirolli, Dori Rosenberg, James D Ralston, Evette Ludman, Katherine M Newton, Lester Nelson, Anusha Venkatakrishnan, Shiwali Mohan, Michael Silva, Paula Lozano, Peter Pirolli, Andrea L Hartzler
With increased incidence of chronic illnesses arising due to unhealthy lifestyle habits, it is increasingly important to leverage technology applications to promote and sustain health behavior change. We developed a smartphone-based application, NutriWalking (NW), which recommends personalized daily exercise goals and promotes healthy nutritional habits in small peer teams. Here, we demonstrate an early study of usability and acceptability of this app in patients with type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Depression...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227022/seasonal-weight-variation-patterns-in-seven-countries-located-in-northern-and-southern-hemispheres
#9
Saeed Mehrang, Elina Helander, Angela Chieh, Ilkka Korhonen, Saeed Mehrang, Elina Helander, Angela Chieh, Ilkka Korhonen, Ilkka Korhonen, Saeed Mehrang, Elina Helander, Angela Chieh
The digital revolution of information and technology in late 20th century has led to emergence of devices that help people monitor their weight in a long-term manner. Investigation of population-level variations of body mass using smart connected weight scales enabled the health coaches acquire deeper insights about the models of people's behavior as a function of time. Typically, body mass varies when the seasons change. That is, during the warmer seasons people's body mass tend to decrease while in colder seasons it usually moves up...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226470/behavioral-informatics-dynamical-models-for-measuring-and-assessing-behaviors-for-precision-interventions
#10
Misha Pavel, Holly Jimison, Bonnie Spring, Misha Pavel, Holly Jimison, Bonnie Spring, Bonnie Spring, Holly Jimison, Misha Pavel
Poor health-related behaviors represent a major challenge to healthcare due to their significant impact on chronic and acute diseases and their effect on the quality of life. Recent advances in technology have enabled an unprecedented opportunity to assess objectively, unobtrusively and continuously human behavior and have opened the possibility of optimizing individual-tailored, precision interventions within the framework of behavioral informatics. A key prerequisite for this optimization is the ability to assess and predict effects of interventions...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226468/from-good-intentions-to-healthy-habits-towards-integrated-computational-models-of-goal-striving-and-habit-formation
#11
Peter Pirolli, Peter Pirolli, Peter Pirolli
Computational models were developed in the ACT-R neurocognitive architecture to address some aspects of the dynamics of behavior change. The simulations aim to address the day-to-day goal achievement data available from mobile health systems. The models refine current psychological theories of self-efficacy, intended effort, and habit formation, and provide an account for the mechanisms by which goal personalization, implementation intentions, and remindings work.
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226336/educational-outreach-to-opioid-prescribers-the-case-for-academic-detailing
#12
Margot Trotter Davis, Brian Bateman, Jerry Avorn
Nonmedical use of opioid medications constitutes a serious health threat as the rates of addiction, overdoses, and deaths have risen in recent years. Increasingly, inappropriate and excessively liberal prescribing of opioids by physicians is understood to be a central part of the crisis. Public health officials, hospital systems, and legislators are developing programs and regulations to address the problem in sustained and systematic ways that both insures effective treatment of pain and appropriate limits on the availability of opioids...
February 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226282/systematic-identification-of-flavonols-flavonol-glycosides-triterpene-and-siraitic-acid-glycosides-from-siraitia-grosvenorii-using-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry-combined-with-a-screening-strategy
#13
Zhi-Xing Qing, Huan Zhao, Qi Tang, Chang-Ming Mo, Peng Huang, Pi Cheng, Peng Yang, Xue-Yi Yang, Xiu-Bin Liu, Ya-Jie Zheng, Jian-Guo Zeng
The fruits of Siraitia grosvenorii are considered to be health-promoting because of the diversity of their bioactive ingredients. In the present study, a screening method, using high-performance liquid chromatography/quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (HPLC-Q-TOF-MS) combined with a screening strategy, has been established. The technology was used to systematically screening the targeted metabolites, primarily from the complex matrix of S. grosvenorii. The compounds were then identified by their exact masses and characteristic fragment ions, in comparison with the fragmentation behaviors of 19 references...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225822/a-reconfiguration-of-the-sex-trade-how-social-and-structural-changes-in-eastern-zimbabwe-left-women-involved-in-sex-work-and-transactional-sex-more-vulnerable
#14
Jocelyn Elmes, Morten Skovdal, Kundai Nhongo, Helen Ward, Catherine Campbell, Timothy B Hallett, Constance Nyamukapa, Peter J White, Simon Gregson
Understanding the dynamic nature of sex work is important for explaining the course of HIV epidemics. While health and development interventions targeting sex workers may alter the dynamics of the sex trade in particular localities, little has been done to explore how large-scale social and structural changes, such as economic recessions-outside of the bounds of organizational intervention-may reconfigure social norms and attitudes with regards to sex work. Zimbabwe's economic collapse in 2009, following a period (2000-2009) of economic decline, within a declining HIV epidemic, provides a unique opportunity to study community perceptions of the impact of socio-economic upheaval on the sex trade...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224941/telehealth-applications-to-enhance-ckd-knowledge-and-awareness-among-patients-and-providers
#15
REVIEW
Delphine S Tuot, L Ebony Boulware
CKD affects 13% of the US adult population, causes excess mortality, and is associated with significant sociodemographic disparities. Optimal CKD management slows progression of disease and reduces cardiovascular-related outcomes. Resources for patients and primary care providers, major stakeholders in preventive CKD care, are critically needed to enhance understanding of the disease and to optimize CKD health, particularly because of the asymptomatic nature of kidney disease. Telehealth is defined as the use of electronic communication and telecommunications technology to support long-distance clinical health care, patient and professional health-related education, and public health and health administration...
January 2017: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224675/substance-use-treatment-provider-behavior-and-healthcare-reform-evidence-from-massachusetts
#16
Johanna Catherine Maclean, Brendan Saloner
We examine the impact of the 2006 Massachusetts healthcare reform on substance use disorder (SUD) treatment facilities' provision of care. We test the impact of the reform on treatment quantity and access. We couple data on the near universe of specialty SUD treatment providers in the USA with a synthetic control method approach. We find little evidence that the reform lead to changes in treatment quantity or access. Reform effects were similar among for-profit and non-profit facilities. In an extension, we show that the reform altered the setting in which treatment is received, the number of offered services, and the number of programs for special populations...
February 21, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224404/video-gaming-and-children-s-psychosocial-wellbeing-a-longitudinal-study
#17
Adam Lobel, Rutger C M E Engels, Lisanne L Stone, William J Burk, Isabela Granic
The effects of video games on children's psychosocial development remain the focus of debate. At two timepoints, 1 year apart, 194 children (7.27-11.43 years old; male = 98) reported their gaming frequency, and their tendencies to play violent video games, and to game (a) cooperatively and (b) competitively; likewise, parents reported their children's psychosocial health. Gaming at time one was associated with increases in emotion problems. Violent gaming was not associated with psychosocial changes. Cooperative gaming was not associated with changes in prosocial behavior...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224397/food-safety-instruction-improves-knowledge-and-behavior-risk-and-protection-factors-for-foodborne-illnesses-in-pregnant-populations
#18
Patricia Kendall, Robert Scharff, Susan Baker, Jeffrey LeJeune, John Sofos, Lydia Medeiros
Objective This study compared knowledge and food-handling behavior after pathogen-specific (experimental treatment) versus basic food safety instruction (active control) presented during nutrition education classes for low-income English- and Spanish-language pregnant women. Methods Subjects (n = 550) were randomly assigned to treatment groups in two different locations in the United States. Food safety instruction was part of an 8-lesson curriculum. Food safety knowledge and behavior were measured pre/post intervention...
February 21, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223838/factors-associated-with-body-mass-index-among-slum-dwelling-women-in-india-an-analysis-of-the-2005-2006-indian-national-family-health-survey
#19
Maya Laxmi Patel, Raywat Deonandan
BACKGROUND: Urbanization is increasing around the world, and in India, this trend has translated into an increase in the size of slum dwellings whose environments are suspected of being associated with poor health outcomes, particularly those relating to women's nutritional status. With this study, we sought to determine the factors associated with Indian women's body mass index (BMI) in slum environments, with special attention paid to women with tribal status. METHODS: A multiple linear regression analysis was performed on data from the Indian National Family Health Survey (2005-2006), modeling demographic and behavioral factors suspected of being associated with BMI, with additional focus on the measures of social class, specifically caste and tribal status...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223085/self-perception-of-weight-status-and-its-association-with-weight-related-knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviors-among-chinese%C3%A2-children-in-guangzhou
#20
Li Cai, Ting Zhang, Jun Ma, Lu Ma, Jin Jing, Yajun Chen
BACKGROUND: How weight perception influences weight-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors in Chinese children is unknown. We investigated self-perception of body weight and its correlates, and analyzed the relationship between weight perception and weight-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors in children in Guangzhou, China. METHODS: We assessed self-reported weight perception, weight-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors in 3752 children aged 7-12 years...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
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