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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777644/closing-the-gap-between-people-and-programs-lessons-from-implementation-of-social-accountability-for-family-planning-and-reproductive-health-in-uganda
#1
Vicky Boydell, Stella Neema, Kelsey Wright, Karen Hardee
Globally, women's access to modern contraception can be attributed to poor service conditions and care. Growing evidence from across the health sector has found that social accountability approaches have the potential to improve the quality of care and therefore the utilization of health services, little of this evidence relates to family planning and reproductive health programs. This paper therefore assessed the results of retrospective implementation research into a five-year social accountability project in Uganda that focused on family planning and reproductive health...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777318/toward-an-emerging-role-for-motivational-interviewing-in-primary-care
#2
REVIEW
Robert Keeley, Matthew Engel, Alex Reed, David Brody, Brian L Burke
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Implementing Motivational Interviewing (MI) in primary care settings has been problematic due in part to persistent gaps in knowledge. Examples include poor understanding of how to effectively train persons to conduct MI, or of which aspects of MI-related communication are associated with better outcomes for patients. This review describes how recent research findings addressing the knowledge gaps support a growing role for MI in primary care. RECENT FINDINGS: Two trials of MI training combined classroom time with ongoing coaching and feedback, resulting in enhanced MI ability relative to a control arm where PCPs received minimal or no MI training...
May 18, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776901/a-moderated-e-forum-for-adults-with-cardiovascular-disease-usability-study
#3
Rika Tanaka, Anita Banerjee, Jelena Surikova, Jacqueline Tracey, Ada Payne, Heather Ross, Robert Nolan
BACKGROUND: Self-care behaviors are commonly prescribed to manage both cardiovascular disease and hypertension to reduce modifiable risk factors and improve quality of life. Nevertheless, long-term adherence to self-care recommendations for cardiac patients has been problematic. In cardiac patients, moderated online forums have been found to be particularly useful in supporting maintenance of heart-healthy diet and fewer hospital visits. As such, we developed the e-Forum, a Web-based moderated forum designed to promote continued user engagement and long-term self-care adherence...
May 18, 2018: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776899/increasing-physical-activity-in-mothers-using-video-exercise-groups-and-exercise-mobile-apps-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Maya Nina Mascarenhas, June Maylin Chan, Eric Vittinghoff, Erin Lynn Van Blarigan, Frederick Hecht
BACKGROUND: Women significantly decrease their activity levels in the transition to motherhood. Digital health technologies are low cost, scalable, and can provide an effective delivery mechanism for behavior change. This is the first study that examines the use of videoconferencing and mobile apps to create exercise groups for mothers. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to test the feasibility, acceptability, and effectiveness of an individually adaptive and socially supportive physical activity intervention incorporating videoconferencing and mobile apps for mothers...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776663/barriers-and-facilitators-to-diabetes-self-management-in-a-primary-care-setting-patient-perspectives
#5
Rahul Khairnar, Khalid M Kamal, Vincent Giannetti, Nilanjana Dwibedi, Jamie McConaha
BACKGROUND: Diabetes self-management (DSM) is a key element in the overall management of type-2 diabetes (T2DM). Identifying barriers and facilitators to DSM and addressing them is a critical step in achieving improved health outcomes in this population. OBJECTIVE: To assess patient reported barriers and facilitators to self-management of T2DM in a primary care setting. METHODS: This cross sectional study combined patient survey data with electronic medical record (EMR) data...
May 9, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776482/does-pain-intensity-matter-the-relation-between-coping-and-quality-of-life-in-pediatric-patients-with-chronic-pain
#6
Alexis K Yetwin, Nicole E Mahrer, Cindy John, Jeffrey I Gold
PURPOSE: Chronic pain is a complex and debilitating chronic health condition that negatively impacts a child's daily function. Previous investigations of coping behaviors in youth with chronic illness have suggested that secondary control/accommodative coping may be more adaptive than primary control/active coping or disengagement/passive coping. However, studies have not considered how pain intensity may change the effect of various coping strategies on functioning in this pediatric population...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776478/perceptions-of-health-care-professionals-on-the-effects-of-residential-summer-camp-in-their-patients
#7
P Galen DiDomizio, Ann Gillard
PURPOSE: A growing body of literature exists regarding medical specialty camps for children. However, very little of the research focuses on the perspectives of healthcare providers. This study explored perceptions of pediatric healthcare providers on a medical specialty camp for children. DESIGN AND METHODS: Interviews with five volunteer physicians and five nurses were conducted and analyzed using inductive content analysis. RESULTS: Results showed that healthcare providers perceived camp to be a positive influence on campers' normalization and healthcare ownership, and to strengthen patient-provider relationships...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776345/risk-behavior-in-patients-with-severe-mental-disorders-a-prospective-study-of-121-830-patients-managed-in-rural-households-of-western-china
#8
Yuanyuan Liu, Xiang Liu, Hong Wen, Dan Wang, Xianmei Yang, Weiwei Tang, Yaxi Li, Tao Zhang, Min Yang
BACKGROUND: The management of severe mental disorder (SMD) patients in communities is an important initiative of healthcare reform in China. Yet the effects in terms of risk behavior of patients are unclear, particularly in rural areas. This study aims to examine high risk behaviors, changing trends, and possible associated factors among SMD patients in the rural areas of western China. METHODS: This analysis examined incidence rate (IR) of high risk behavior of 121,830 managed SMD patients in rural area of Sichuan province, based on data from the national system from 2006 to 2013...
May 18, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775977/-rehabilitation-after-traumatic-fracture-of-thoracic-and-lumbar-spine
#9
Hartmut Bork, Stefan Simmel, Eckhardt Böhle, Ulrich Ernst, Klaus Fischer, Bernd Fromm, Jean-Jacques Glaesener, Bernhard Greitemann, P Krause, S Panning, V Pullwitt, J Schmidt, Andreas Veihelmann, Lutz Vogt
On the basis of the S2-k guideline "Rehabilitation after traumatic fractures of the thoracic und lumbar spine without neurologic disorder", this article gives an overview of target-oriented rehabilitation of patients with minor fractures or those with column stability and unstable spinal fractures which are stabilised by surgery. To obtain early social and job related reintegration, outpatient or inpatient rehabilitation has to start immediately after treatment in hospital. Rehabilitation must be orientated towards the biopsychosocial model of ICF and has to be adapted for the patient...
May 18, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773530/alcohol-consumption-reduction-among-a-web-based-supportive-community-using-the-hello-sunday-morning-blog-platform-observational-study
#10
Jessica Jane Louise Kirkman, Briony Leo, Jamie Christopher Moore
BACKGROUND: Alcohol misuse is a major social and public health issue in Australia, with an estimated cost to the community of Aus $30 billion per annum. Until recently, a major barrier in addressing this significant public health issue is the fact that the majority of individuals with alcohol use disorders and alcohol misuse are not receiving treatment. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess whether alcohol consumption changes are associated with participation in Hello Sunday Morning's blog platform, an online forum discussing experiences in abstaining from alcohol...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772922/behavioral-pain-intervention-for-hospice-and-palliative-care-patients-an-integrative-review
#11
Masako Mayahara, JoEllen Wilbur, Louis Fogg, Susan M Breitenstein
Despite the advances in pain management, achieving optimal pain control in hospice and palliative care is challenging. Patient/caregiver's lack of pain management knowledge, poor pain reporting, and poor adherence to pain management regimens are all associated with inadequate pain control. The purpose of this integrated review is to examine behavioral interventions designed for patients and caregivers to improve pain control in hospice and palliative care settings. Ten studies were identified through a database search...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772355/safety-assessment-of-morus-nigra-l-leaves-acute-and-subacute-oral-toxicity-studies-in-wistar-rats
#12
Kassia Caroline Figueredo, Camille Gaube Guex, Fernanda Ziegler Reginato, Andreia Regina Haas da Silva, Gabriela Buzatti Cassanego, Cibele Lima Lhamas, Aline Augusti Boligon, Gilberti Helena Hübscher Lopes, Liliane de Freitas Bauermann
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Morus nigra L. is a plant native to Asia, and well adapted to the Brazilian climate. It is popularly known as "amoreira preta", and is part of the National List of Plants of Interest to the Brazilian Unified Health System. It is used in folk medicine mainly to soften the effects of menopause, as anti-inflammatory, antidiabetic and antihypertensive. However, information on safe doses and use is still precarious. AIM OF THE STUDY: To identify the chemical composition of the ethanolic extract of Morus nigra L...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771308/what-do-older-people-do-when-sitting-and-why-implications-for-decreasing-sedentary-behavior
#13
Victoria J Palmer, Cindy M Gray, Claire F Fitzsimons, Nanette Mutrie, Sally Wyke, Ian J Deary, Geoff Der, Sebastien F M Chastin, Dawn A Skelton
Background and Objectives: Sitting less can reduce older adults' risk of ill health and disability. Effective sedentary behavior interventions require greater understanding of what older adults do when sitting (and not sitting), and why. This study compares the types, context, and role of sitting activities in the daily lives of older men and women who sit more or less than average. Research Design and Methods: Semistructured interviews with 44 older men and women of different ages, socioeconomic status, and objectively measured sedentary behavior were analyzed using social practice theory to explore the multifactorial, inter-relational influences on their sedentary behavior...
May 15, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770516/personal-network-characteristics-as-predictors-of-change-in-obesity-risk-behaviors-in-early-adolescence
#14
Jennifer Marks, Kayla de la Haye, Lisa M Barnett, Steven Allender
The potential for peers to influence obesity risk behavior increases in adolescence, yet there are knowledge gaps of how behaviors are modified in response to peers over time. This study examined how personal friendship network characteristics were associated with obesity-related behaviors from late childhood to early adolescence. Two waves of friendship, physical activity, screen time, and dietary recall data were collected from 11- to 13-year-old students (99% retention) in Australia (n = 308) over a five- to eight-month period...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769174/a-self-directed-mobile-intervention-waznapp-to-promote-weight-control-among-employees-at-a-lebanese-university-protocol-for-a-feasibility-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Marco Bardus, Ghassan Hamadeh, Bouchra Hayek, Rawan Al Kherfan
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity have become major health problems globally with more than 1.9 billion overweight adults. In Lebanon, the prevalence of obesity and overweight is 65.4% combined. Risk factors of obesity and overweight are preventable and can be addressed by modifications in the environment and in an individual's lifestyle. Mobile technologies are increasingly used in behavioral, self-directed weight management interventions, providing users with additional opportunities to attain weight control (weight loss, weight gain prevention, etc)...
May 16, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769106/peer-mentor-versus-teacher-delivery-of-a-physical-activity-program-on-the-effects-of-bmi-and-daily-activity-protocol-of-a-school-based-group-randomized-controlled-trial-in-appalachia
#16
Laureen H Smith, Rick L Petosa, Abigail Shoben
BACKGROUND: Rural Appalachian populations have poorer health and fewer positive health-related behaviors compared to other United States populations. Appalachians are the most sedentary U.S. population and teens are particularly sedentary. Obesity prevention through improving physical activity is a top priority in Rural Healthy People 2020. Obesity prevalence among Appalachian teens exceeds the national rates of 13.9% and has consistently been greater than 26%. Organized sports has not been effective at improving daily physical activity or health outcomes for Appalachian teens...
May 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768666/predicting-cancer-prevention-behavior-disentangling-the-effects-of-risk-aversion-and-risk-perceptions
#17
Mary Riddel, David Hales
Experimental and survey research spanning the last two decades concludes that people who are more risk tolerant are more likely to engage in risky health activities such as smoking and heavy alcohol consumption, and are more likely to be obese. Subjective perceptions of the risk associated with different activities have also been found to be associated with health behaviors. While there are numerous studies that link risk perceptions with risky behavior, it is notable that none of these controls for risk aversion...
May 16, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768436/the-effectiveness-of-various-computer-based-interventions-for-patients-with-chronic-pain-or-functional-somatic-syndromes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Miel A P Vugts, Margot C W Joosen, Jessica E van der Geer, Aglaia M E E Zedlitz, Hubertus J M Vrijhoef
Computer-based interventions target improvement of physical and emotional functioning in patients with chronic pain and functional somatic syndromes. However, it is unclear to what extent which interventions work and for whom. This systematic review and meta-analysis (registered at PROSPERO, 2016: CRD42016050839) assesses efficacy relative to passive and active control conditions, and explores patient and intervention factors. Controlled studies were identified from MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsychInfo, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767714/comparing-postnatal-development-of-gonadal-hormones-and-associated-social-behaviors-in-rats-mice-and-humans
#19
Margaret R Bell
Postnatal development includes dramatic changes in gonadal hormones and the many social behaviors they help regulate, both in rodents and humans. Parental care-seeking is the most salient social interaction in neonates and infants, play and pro-social behaviors are commonly studied in juveniles, and the development of aggression and sexual behavior begins in peripubertal stages but continues through late adolescence into adulthood. While parental behaviors are shown after reproductive success in adulthood, alloparenting behaviors are actually high in juveniles as well...
May 14, 2018: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767282/the-effect-of-medical-marijuana-laws-on-marijuana-related-attitude-and-perception-among-us-adolescents-and-young-adults
#20
Hefei Wen, Jason M Hockenberry, Benjamin G Druss
Marijuana liberalization policies are gaining momentum in the USA, coupled with limited federal interference and growing dispensary industry. This evolving regulatory landscape underscores the importance of understanding the attitudinal/perceptual pathways from marijuana policy to marijuana use behavior, especially for adolescents and young adults. Our study uses the restricted-access National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) 2004-2012 data and a difference-in-differences design to compare the pre-policy, post-policy changes in marijuana-related attitude/perception between adolescents and young adults from ten states that implemented medical marijuana laws during the study period and those from the remaining states...
May 16, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
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