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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149907/mapping-evidence-on-the-distribution-of-human-papillomavirus-related-cancers-in-sub-saharan-africa-scoping-review-protocol
#1
Bridget K M Lekoane, Tivani P Mashamba-Thompson, Themba G Ginindza
BACKGROUND: Despite the introduction of HPV vaccines, the incidence of HPV-related cancers (cervical, penile, anal, vulvar, vagina, head, and neck) in sub-Saharan Africa has been rising. The increasing incidence of these HPV-related cancers has been attributed to changes in lifestyle-related risk factors, most notably sexual behavior. The main objective of this study is to map evidence on the distribution of HIV-related cancers in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will conduct a scoping review to explore, describe, and map literature on the distribution of HPV-related cancers in sub-Saharan Africa...
November 17, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149269/effects-of-a-healthy-eater-self-schema-and-nutrition-literacy-on-healthy-eating-behaviors-among-taiwanese-college-students
#2
Chia-Kuei Lee, Li-Ling Liao, I-Ju Lai, Li-Chun Chang
Unhealthy eating behaviors contribute to obesity and chronic illness. This study examined the relative contributions of a healthy-eater self-schema (a self-conception as a healthy eater) and nutrition literacy on healthy-eating behaviors and whether nutrition literacy was a mediator among Taiwanese college students. A total of 1216 undergraduate students from six universities in Taiwan participated in the study from April to June 2016. Healthy-eating behaviors, nutrition literacy, healthy-eater self-schema and known determinants of eating behaviors (e...
November 14, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148826/engagement-in-the-overdose-risk-information-orion-e-health-tool-for-opioid-overdose-prevention-and-self-efficacy-a-preliminary-study
#3
Giuseppe Carrà, Cristina Crocamo, Gerald Humphris, Tommaso Tabacchi, Francesco Bartoli, Julia Neufeind, Norbert Scherbaum, Alexander Baldacchino
Increasing awareness of, and information about, overdose risk is an appropriate approach in risk reduction. e-Health technology in substance use disorders is an opportunity to support behavioral changes related to public health concerns. The present study aimed to evaluate the short-term impact of an innovative e-health psychoeducational software, the Overdose RIsk InfOrmatioN (ORION) tool. The ORION programme provided relevant information to opioid-dependent individuals about the risk of suffering a drug overdose as a result of high risky and dysfunctional behaviors...
November 17, 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148655/feframing-climate-change-for-environmental-health
#4
Caitlin Weems, Prithwi Raj Subramaniam
Repeated warnings by the scientific community on the dire consequences of climate change through global warming to the ecology and sustenance of our planet have not been give appropriate attention by the U.S. public. Research has shown that climate change is responsible for catastrophic weather occurrences--such as floods, tornadoes, hurricanes, and heat waves--resulting in environmental and public health issues. The purpose of this report is to examine factors influencing public views on climate change. Theoretical and political perspectives are examined to unpack opinions held by the public in the U...
April 2017: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146567/self-guided-web-based-interventions-scoping-review-on-user-needs-and-the-potential-of-embodied-conversational-agents-to-address-them
#5
REVIEW
Mark R Scholten, Saskia M Kelders, Julia Ewc Van Gemert-Pijnen
BACKGROUND: Web-based mental health interventions have evolved from innovative prototypes to evidence-based and clinically applied solutions for mental diseases such as depression and anxiety. Open-access, self-guided types of these solutions hold the promise of reaching and treating a large population at a reasonable cost. However, a considerable factor that currently hinders the effectiveness of these self-guided Web-based interventions is the high level of nonadherence. The absence of a human caregiver apparently has a negative effect on user adherence...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146197/illicit-drug-ketamine-induces-adverse-effects-from-behavioral-alterations-and-oxidative-stress-to-p53-regulated-apoptosis-in-medaka-fish-under-environmentally-relevant-exposures
#6
Pei-Han Liao, Wen-Kai Yang, Ching-Hsin Yang, Chun-Hon Lin, Chin-Chu Hwang, Pei-Jen Chen
With increasing problems of drug abuse worldwide, aquatic ecosystems are contaminated by human pharmaceuticals from the discharge of hospital or municipal effluent. However, ecotoxicity data and related toxic mechanism for neuroactive controlled or illicit drugs are still lacking, so assessing the associated hazardous risk is difficult. This study aims to investigate the behavioral changes, oxidative stress, gene expression and neurotoxic or apoptosis effect(s) in larvae of medaka fish (Oryzias latipes) with environmentally relevant exposures of ketamine (KET) solutions for 1-14 days...
November 13, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146140/patient-experiences-of-dietary-management-in-chronic-kidney-disease-a-focus-group-study
#7
Jaimon T Kelly, Katrina L Campbell, Tammy Hoffmann, Dianne P Reidlinger
OBJECTIVE: People with chronic kidney disease (CKD) contend with complex dietary recommendations. The challenge in practice is for clinicians to provide individualized support with the frequency and consistency required to sustain dietary changes. This study aimed to describe the experiences of patients with managing dietary recommendations, including their perspectives on the potential to use telehealth to support dietary management in CKD. DESIGN: Focus group study...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146042/outcomes-of-an-online-computerized-cognitive-behavioral-treatment-program-for-treating-chinese-patients-with-depression-a-pilot-study
#8
Albert Yeung, Fang Wang, Fan Feng, Jinhua Zhang, Abigail Cooper, Lan Hong, Weidong Wang, Kathleen Griffiths, Kylie Bennett, Anthony Bennett, Jonathan Alpert, Maurizio Fava
OBJECTIVE: This pilot study examined the feasibility, safety, and effectiveness of using an online computerized cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for treating Chinese patients with depression. METHODS: Seventy-five Chinese patients with depression in outpatient clinics were randomized into a 5-week intervention. The intervention group received the Chinese translated version of MoodGYM in addition to usual treatment, and the control group continued with usual treatment...
November 11, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145538/association-between-socioeconomic-determinants-and-the-metabolic-syndrome-in-the-german-health-interview-and-examination-survey-for-adults-degs1-a-mediation-analysis
#9
Diego Montano
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome and different socioeconomic characteristics including education and occupational status have been found to be associated in previous research. Nonetheless, theoretical models defining core variables and causal processes accounting for these associations are lacking. OBJECTIVES: The main objectives of the present investigation are (1) to present a theoretical model integrating physiological, biochemical, and psychosocial factors determining metabolic syndrome prevalence and (2) to corroborate the hypothesis that socioeconomic determinants are (partially) mediated by health-related behaviors, health risks, and dietary habits...
July 2017: Review of Diabetic Studies: RDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144995/content-analysis-of-homeless-smokers-perspectives-on-established-and-alternative-smoking-interventions
#10
Susan E Collins, Victoria E Orfaly, Teresa Wu, Sunny Chang, Robert V Hardy, Amia Nash, Matthew B Jones, Leslie Mares, Emily M Taylor, Lonnie A Nelson, Seema L Clifasefi
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is 5 times more prevalent among homeless individuals than in the general population, and homeless individuals are disproportionately affected by smoking-related morbidity and mortality. Homeless smokers report interest in changing their smoking behavior; however, established smoking cessation interventions are neither desirable to nor highly effective for most members of this population. The aim of this study was to document homeless smokers' perceptions of established smoking interventions as well as self-generated, alternative smoking interventions to elucidate points for intervention enhancement...
November 13, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144984/developing-a-scale-to-assess-health-regulatory-focus
#11
Rebecca A Ferrer, Isaac M Lipkus, Jennifer L Cerully, Colleen M McBride, James A Shepperd, William M P Klein
RATIONALE: Regulatory focus (i.e., focus on motivation to achieve gains or avoid losses and non-gains) is used to tailor health behavior change interventions, improving efficacy, but is currently assessed by scales that are not health-specific and may capture a version of the construct that is not ideally matched to the rationale for tailoring. OBJECTIVE: We developed and validated a Health Regulatory Focus Scale (HRFS), which assesses tendencies to avoid negative health consequences (prevention focus) or achieve positive health outcomes (promotion focus)...
November 13, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144156/upmc-prescription-for-wellness-a-quality-improvement-case-study-for-supporting-patient-engagement-and-health-behavior-change
#12
Rebecca J Maners, Eric Bakow, Michael D Parkinson, Gary S Fischer, Geoffrey R Camp
Addressing patient health and care behaviors that underlie much of chronic disease continues to challenge providers, medical practices, health systems, and insurers. Improving health and care as described by the Quadruple Aim requires innovation at the front lines of clinical care: the doctor-patient interaction and office practice. This article describes the use of Lean Six Sigma in a quality improvement (QI) effort to design an effective and scalable method for physicians to prescribe health coaching for healthy behaviors in a primary care medical home within a large integrated delivery and financing system...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143157/evaluation-of-hiv-disclosure-behavior-following-a-randomized-controlled-disclosure-intervention-for-men-who-have-sex-with-men-living-with-hiv
#13
Julianne M Serovich, Tanja C Laschober, Monique J Brown, Judy A Kimberly
Preventing the transmission of HIV, especially among high-risk populations, is a U.S. public health priority. Interventions aimed at easing the burden of HIV disclosure to casual sexual partners among men who have sex with men (MSM) living with HIV are essential in this endeavor. This randomized controlled study evaluated differences in disclosure behavior between a disclosure intervention (DI) and attention control case management (ACCM) group for MSM living with HIV (N = 315) and determinants (self-efficacy, outcome expectancy) of disclosure...
November 15, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142907/social-effects-of-health-care-reform-medicaid-expansion-under-the-affordable-care-act-and-changes-in-volunteering
#14
Heeju Sohn, Stefan Timmermans
Do public health policy interventions result in pro-social behaviors? The Affordable Care Act (ACA)'s Medicaid expansions were responsible for the largest gains in public insurance coverage since its inception in 1965. These gains were concentrated in states that opted to expand Medicaid eligibility and provide a unique opportunity to study not just medical but also social consequences of increased public health coverage. This article examines the association between Medicaid and volunteer work. Volunteerism is implicated in individuals' health and well-being yet it is highly correlated with a person's existing socioeconomic resources...
January 2017: Socius
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141742/characterizing-the-last-latrine-nonowners-in-rural-malawi
#15
Jurgita Slekiene, Hans-Joachim Mosler
Open defecation is a public health problem worldwide. NGOs in developing countries use various approaches to increase latrine coverage, but for little-understood reasons, some of the population does not adopt latrine construction. The objective of our research was to uncover which of the factors predicting latrine construction are relevant to the last nonowners of latrines, termed laggards in the diffusion of innovations theory. In a cross-sectional study, quantitative face-to-face interviews were conducted in households in rural Malawi (N = 824) to assess the behavioral determinants of latrine construction, mental health, and leadership...
October 23, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141651/the-dose-of-behavioral-interventions-to-prevent-and-treat-childhood-obesity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-regression
#16
REVIEW
William J Heerman, Meghan M JaKa, Jerica M Berge, Erika S Trapl, Evan C Sommer, Lauren R Samuels, Natalie Jackson, Jacob L Haapala, Alicia S Kunin-Batson, Barbara A Olson-Bullis, Heather K Hardin, Nancy E Sherwood, Shari L Barkin
BACKGROUND: A better understanding of the optimal "dose" of behavioral interventions to affect change in weight-related outcomes is a critical topic for childhood obesity intervention research. The objective of this review was to quantify the relationship between dose and outcome in behavioral trials targeting childhood obesity to guide future intervention development. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-regression included randomized controlled trials published between 1990 and June 2017 that tested a behavioral intervention for obesity among children 2-18 years old...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141122/willingness-to-engage-in-health-behavior-change-interventions-among-primary-care-patients-positive-for-tobacco-use-and-at-risk-drinking
#17
Jennifer M Wray, Jennifer S Funderburk, Stephen A Maisto
Objective: To examine intervention preferences of primary care patients who recently screened positive for tobacco use and at-risk drinking. Methods: Primary care patients who screened positive for recent tobacco use and at-risk drinking were eligible to participate in a one-time telephone-based survey conducted from August 2015 to December 2015. The survey asked questions about how willingness to engage in an intervention in integrated primary care was influenced by the described format and focus of the intervention...
November 9, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140819/positive-and-negative-impacts-of-a-continuing-professional-development-intervention-on-pharmacist-practice-a-balanced-measure-evaluation
#18
Sukhjinder Sidhu, Sean K Gorman, Richard S Slavik, Tasha Ramsey, Nicole Bruchet, Sarah Murray
INTRODUCTION: Evaluations of behavior change interventions aimed at improving professional practice are increasingly focused on impacts at the practice and patient outcome levels. Many of these evaluations assume that if the intended changes occur, the result represents an improvement. However, given the systemic nature of clinical practice, a change in one area can produce changes in other areas as well, some of which may adversely affect the patient. Balancing measures are used to determine whether unintended consequences of an intervention have been introduced into other areas of the system...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138538/interpretability-of-the-european-heart-failure-self-care-behaviour-scale
#19
Kim P Wagenaar, Berna Dl Broekhuizen, Frans H Rutten, Anna Strömberg, Henk F van Stel, Arno W Hoes, Tiny Jaarsma
Objective: The European Heart Failure Self-care Behaviour scale (EHFScBs) is a valid patient-reported questionnaire to measure self-care behavior of heart failure (HF) patients. We assessed the interpretability of the EHFScBs. Methods: We used data of 1,023 HF patients. Interpretability refers to the clinical meaning of the score and its changes over time. We operationalized interpretability by evaluating distributions of EHFScBs scores across relevant HF subgroups by eyeballing, by testing the risk on hospitalizations and mortality of a plausible threshold, and by determining a clinically relevant minimal important change (MIC)...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138217/effectiveness-of-interprofessional-education-in-renal-physiology-curricula-for-health-sciences-graduate-students
#20
Lisa M Harrison-Bernard, Mihran V Naljayan, Jane M Eason, Donald E Mercante, Tina P Gunaldo
The primary purpose of conducting an interprofessional education (IPE) experience during the renal physiology block of a graduate-level course was to provide basic science, physical therapy, and physician assistant graduate students with an opportunity to work as a team in the diagnosis, treatment, and collaborative care of a patient with acute kidney injury. The secondary purpose was to enhance the understanding of basic renal physiology principles with a patient case presentation of renal pathophysiology...
December 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
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