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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346605/does-including-public-health-students-on-interprofessional-teams-increase-attainment-of-interprofessional-practice-competencies
#1
Pamela Ann Duffy, Julie A Ronnebaum, Teri A Stumbo, Kari Nies Smith, Rachel A Reimer
CONTEXT: Interprofessional education (IPE) creates dynamic experiential learning that can address social determinants of health that influence health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of including public health students on IPE teams on the interprofessional practice domain constructs (values/ethics, roles/responsibilities, interprofessional communication, and teams and teamwork). METHODS: This single-case, mixed-methods study was performed using a grounded theory approach...
April 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345941/the-roles-of-negative-affect-and-goal-adjustment-capacities-in-breast-cancer-survivors-associations-with-physical-activity-and-diurnal-cortisol-secretion
#2
Andree L Castonguay, Carsten Wrosch, Catherine M Sabiston
OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether within-person changes of breast cancer survivors' high-arousal negative affect (e.g., feeling scared, upset, anxious, or guilty) could predict high levels of diurnal cortisol secretion and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). In addition, goal adjustment capacities (goal disengagement and goal reengagement) were expected to buffer the effect of negative affect on cortisol and to increase its effect on MVPA. METHOD: High-arousal negative affect, self-reported MVPA, area-under-the-curve of diurnal cortisol secretion, and goal adjustment capacities were assessed in a longitudinal sample of 145 female breast cancer survivors...
April 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344855/changes-in-colorectal-cancer-screening-knowledge-behavior-beliefs-self-efficacy-and-barriers-among-community-health-clinic-patients-after-a-health-literacy-intervention
#3
Connie L Arnold, Alfred Rademaker, Dachao Liu, Terry C Davis
OBJECTIVE: The objective in this pre- and post-survey assessment was to compare the effectiveness of a health literacy-directed intervention designed to increase knowledge, beliefs, barriers, self-efficacy and behavior associated with CRC screening with FOBT among patients cared for in predominantly rural community clinics and the change in these characteristics over the first 15 months after enrolling in a study designed to assess screening strategies. METHODS: Between 2008 and 2011, a quasi-experimental intervention was conducted in 8 predominantly rural Federally Qualified Health Centers...
February 2017: Journal of Community Medicine & Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344846/beating-obesity-factors-associated-with-interest-in-workplace-weight-management-assistance-in-the-mining-industry
#4
Tamara D Street, Drew L Thomas
BACKGROUND: Rates of overweight and obese Australians are high and continue to rise, putting a large proportion of the population at risk of chronic illness. Examining characteristics associated with preference for a work-based weight-loss program will enable employers to better target programs to increase enrolment and benefit employees' health and fitness for work. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was undertaken at two Australian mining sites. The survey collected information on employee demographics, health characteristics, work characteristics, stages of behavior change, and preference for workplace assistance with reaching a healthy weight...
March 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344553/youthful-processing-speed-in-older-adults-genetic-biological-and-behavioral-predictors-of-cognitive-processing-speed-trajectories-in-aging
#5
Nicholas T Bott, Brianne M Bettcher, Jennifer S Yokoyama, Darvis T Frazier, Matthew Wynn, Anna Karydas, Kristine Yaffe, Joel H Kramer
Objective: To examine the impact of genetic, inflammatory, cardiovascular, lifestyle, and neuroanatomical factors on cognitive processing speed (CPS) change over time in functionally intact older adults. Methods: This observational study conducted over two time points, included 120 community dwelling cognitively normal older adults between the ages of 60 and 80 from the University of California San Francisco Memory and Aging Center. Participants were followed with composite measures of CPS, calculated based on norms for 20-30 year-olds...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344120/a-systematic-review-of-lifestyle-counseling-for-diverse-patients-in-primary-care
#6
REVIEW
Cathy L Melvin, Melanie S Jefferson, LaShanta J Rice, Lynne S Nemeth, Andrea M Wessell, Paul J Nietert, Chanita Hughes-Halbert
Prior research and systematic reviews have examined strategies related to weight management, less is known about lifestyle and behavioral counseling interventions optimally suited for implementation in primary care practices generally, and among racial and ethnic patient populations. Primary care practitioners may find it difficult to access and use available research findings on effective behavioral and lifestyle counseling strategies and to assess their effects health behaviors among their patients. This systematic review compiled existing evidence from randomized trials to inform primary care providers about which lifestyle and behavioral change interventions are shown to be effective for changing patients' diet, physical activity and weight outcomes...
March 23, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342008/alterations-of-the-oxidative-status-in-rat-hippocampus-and-prodepressant-effect-of-chronic-testosterone-enanthate-administration
#7
Jovana Joksimović, Dragica Selaković, Vladimir Jakovljević, Vladimir Mihailović, Jelena Katanić, Tatjana Boroja, Gvozden Rosić
In a last few decades, anabolic-androgenic steroids (AASs) abuse has become serious health concern especially among adolescents. AASs abuse has been reported to be involved in pathogenesis of various mood disorders, including depression. In order to evaluate the effects of chronic (6 weeks) testosterone enanthate (TE) treatment in supraphysiological dose and exercise on depression-like behavior in rats, 32 male rats were divided into four groups: control (C), testosterone enanthate (T, 20 mg/kg/w, s.c.), exercise (E, swimming for 1 h/day), and combined group-testosterone enanthate plus exercise (T + E)...
March 24, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341122/molecular-dynamics-simulations-of-zika-virus-ns3-helicase-insights-into-rna-binding-site-activity
#8
Melina Mottin, Rodolpho C Braga, Roosevelt A da Silva, Joao H Martins da Silva, Alexander L Perryman, Sean Ekins, Carolina Horta Andrade
America is still suffering with the outbreak of Zika virus (ZIKV) infection. Congenital ZIKV syndrome has already caused a public health emergency of international concern. However, there are still no vaccines to prevent or drugs to treat the infection caused by ZIKV. The ZIKV NS3 helicase (NS3h) protein is a promising target for drug discovery due to its essential role in viral genome replication. NS3h unwinds the viral RNA to enable the replication of the viral genome by the NS5 protein. NS3h contains two important binding sites: the NTPase binding site and the RNA binding site...
March 21, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340546/a-qualitative-study-of-cognitive-behavioral-and-psychosocial-challenges-associated-with-pediatric-type-2-diabetes-in-ethnic-minority-parents-and-adolescents
#9
Sara M St George, Elizabeth R Pulgarón, Dina Ferranti, Yaray Agosto, Maria I Toro, Kevin C Ramseur, Alan M Delamater
Purpose The purpose of this descriptive qualitative study was to explore cognitive, behavioral, and psychosocial challenges associated with having and/or parenting an adolescent with pediatric type 2 diabetes (T2D) from the perspectives of ethnic minority parents and adolescents. Methods Ethnic minority (79.2% non-Hispanic black, 29.6% Hispanic) adolescents (n = 14, 78.6% female, 14.7 ± 1.9 years) and their parents (n = 13, 100% female) participated in either individual family interviews or multifamily focus group sessions...
April 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340446/mental-health-and-behavioral-weight-loss-24-month-outcomes-in-veterans
#10
Carol A Janney, Robin M Masheb, Lesley D Lutes, Robert G Holleman, Hyungjin Myra Kim, Leah R Gillon, Laura J Damschroder, Caroline R Richardson
BACKGROUND: Individuals with mental health (MH) disorders have an increased risk of being overweight/obese; however research on behavioral weight loss interventions has been limited. A priori hypothesis was that Veterans with serious mental illness (SMI) and/or affective disorders (AD) would lose significantly less weight and have a different pattern of weight loss than Veterans without these diagnoses. METHODS: Secondary data analysis of ASPIRE-VA study, three-arm randomized, effectiveness weight loss trial among Veterans (n=409) categorized by MH diagnoses: 1) SMI, 2) AD without SMI, or 3) No SMI/No AD...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339996/fathers-perceptions-of-change-following-parenting-intervention-randomized-controlled-trial-of-triple-p-for-parents-of-children-with-asthma-or-eczema1
#11
Alina Morawska, Amy E Mitchell, Scott Burgess, Jennifer Fraser
 To test whether families' participation in an evidence-based parenting program can improve health-related outcomes reported by fathers of 2- to 10-year-old children with asthma and/or eczema.  A 2 (Triple P-Positive Parenting Program vs. care as usual) by 3 (baseline, postintervention, 6-month follow-up) design was used, with random group assignment. Of 107 families, 51.4% ( N  = 55) had a father participate alongside the child's mother, who was the primary intervention target. Fathers completed questionnaires assessing illness-related child behavior problems; self-efficacy with illness management and illness-related child behavior problems; and health-related quality of life...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339847/telephone-delivered-exercise-advice-and-behavior-change-support-by-physical-therapists-for-people-with-knee-osteoarthritis-protocol-for-the-telecare-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Rana S Hinman, Belinda J Lawford, Penny K Campbell, Andrew M Briggs, Janette Gale, Caroline Bills, Simon D French, Jessica Kasza, Andrew Forbes, Anthony Harris, Stephen J Bunker, Clare M Delany, Kim L Bennell
Background.: Exercise and physical activity are a core component of knee osteoarthritis (OA) care, yet access to physical therapists is limited for many people. Telephone service delivery models may increase access. Objective.: Determine the effectiveness of incorporating exercise advice and behaviour change support by physical therapists into an existing Australian nurse-led musculoskeletal telephone service for adults with knee OA. Design.: Randomized controlled trial with nested qualitative studies...
March 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339620/systematic-review-of-the-effectiveness-of-health-related-behavioral-interventions-using-portable-activity-sensing-devices-pasds
#13
Hamed Abedtash, Richard J Holden
Background: Portable activity sensing devices (PASDs) have received significant interest as tools for objectively measuring activity-related parameters and promoting health-related outcomes. Studies of PASDs suggest the potential value of integrating them with behavioral interventions to improve intermediate and downstream clinical outcomes. Objectives: : This systematic review describes and evaluates evidence from controlled studies of interventions using PASDs on their effectiveness in health-related outcomes...
February 11, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339324/mobile-but-connected-harnessing-the-power-of-self-efficacy-and-group-support-for-weight-loss-success-through-mhealth-intervention
#14
Heewon Kim, Meara Faw, Andreas Michaelides
Despite the growing popularity of mHealth applications, their usage outcomes have received limited empirical attention. Drawing on server-level user activity data and an online survey (N = 384), this study examines the use of an mHealth application for weight loss to elucidate the ways in which it can help individuals harness the power of self-efficacy and group support to enact behavior change and accomplish their health goals. The results of structural equation modeling based on 6-month user activity data demonstrated that (a) self-efficacy had a positive impact on persistent food logging in an mHealth application; (b) social support received from a mobile group was positively associated with food logging and group participation; and (c) both food logging and group participation predicted weight loss success...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338839/alternative-approaches-to-assessing-nonresponse-bias-in-longitudinal-survey-estimates-an-application-to-substance-use-outcomes-among-young-adults-in-the-united-states
#15
Brady Thomas West, Sean Esteban McCabe
We evaluated alternative approaches to assessing and correcting for nonresponse bias in a longitudinal survey. We considered the changes in substance-use outcomes over a 3-year period among young adults aged 18-24 years (n = 5,199) in the United States, analyzing data from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. This survey collected a variety of substance-use information from a nationally representative sample of US adults in 2 waves: 2001-2002 and 2004-2005. We first considered nonresponse rates in the second wave as a function of key substance-use outcomes in wave 1...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338644/clinical-hypnosis-an-effective-mind-body-modality-for-adolescents-with-behavioral-and-physical-complaints
#16
REVIEW
Anju Sawni, Cora Collette Breuner
Mind-body medicine is a system of health practices that includes meditation/relaxation training, guided imagery, hypnosis, biofeedback, yoga, art/music therapy, prayer, t'ai chi, and psychological therapies such as cognitive behavioral therapy. Clinical hypnosis is an important mind-body tool that serves as an adjunct to conventional medical care for the adolescent patient. Clinical hypnosis specifically uses self-directed therapeutic suggestions to cultivate the imagination and facilitate the mind-body connection, leading to positive emotional and physical well-being...
March 24, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337164/implicit-processes-self-regulation-and-interventions-for-behavior-change
#17
Tom St Quinton, Julie A Brunton
The ability to regulate and subsequently change behavior is influenced by both reflective and implicit processes. Traditional theories have focused on conscious processes by highlighting the beliefs and intentions that influence decision making. However, their success in changing behavior has been modest with a gap between intention and behavior apparent. Dual-process models have been recently applied to health psychology; with numerous models incorporating implicit processes that influence behavior as well as the more common conscious processes...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337154/the-reciprocal-relationship-between-suicidality-and-stigma
#18
REVIEW
Bernardo Carpiniello, Federica Pinna
INTRODUCTION: Although suicidality is frequently the cause of stigma, it is conversely true that stigma may be the cause of suicidality. The present paper focuses on the complex relationships that exist between suicidal behavior and stigmatizing attitudes. METHODS: A narrative review of the topic will be presented on the basis of the relevant literature collected from an electronic search of PubMed, ISI Web of Knowledge, and Scopus databases, using stigma, public stigma, structural stigma, perceived stigma, self-stigma, suicide, attempted suicide, and suicidality as key words...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337025/prevalence-of-obesity-and-comorbid-eating-disorder-behaviors-in-south-australia-from-1995-to-2015
#19
F Q da Luz, A Sainsbury, H Mannan, S Touyz, D Mitchison, P Hay
BACKGROUND: Obesity and eating disorders are often studied and treated separately. Whilst the increases in obesity prevalence are well known, examination of its co-occurrence with eating disorders, a problem also of public health concern, is important because eating disorder behaviors are known to contribute to obesity onset and maintenance, and vice-versa. METHODS: Data from large cross-sectional representative statewide community samples of people in the years of 1995 (n=3001), 2005 (n=3047) and 2015 (n=3005) were analyzed...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336508/using-web-based-search-data-to-study-the-public-s-reactions-to-societal-events-the-case-of-the-sandy-hook-shooting
#20
Nir Menachemi, Saurabh Rahurkar, Mandar Rahurkar
BACKGROUND: Internet search is the most common activity on the World Wide Web and generates a vast amount of user-reported data regarding their information-seeking preferences and behavior. Although this data has been successfully used to examine outbreaks, health care utilization, and outcomes related to quality of care, its value in informing public health policy remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of Internet search query data in health policy development...
March 23, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
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