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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915409/does-adolescent-motherhood-affect-education-and-labor-market-outcomes-of-mothers-a-study-on-young-adult-women-in-chile-during-1990-2013
#1
Matias Berthelon, Diana I Kruger
OBJECTIVES: We analyze the impact of adolescent motherhood on several education and labor market outcomes in Chile over the 1990-2013 period. We explore whether effects are different across income levels, timing of adolescent births, and three sub-periods. METHODS: Using the CASEN national household survey, we applied propensity score-matching methods on two samples of women aged 24: one for women in the 2009-2013 period and another sample of 24-year-old women living with their mother between 1990-2013...
December 3, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914704/kidney-outcomes-three-years-after-bariatric-surgery-in-severely-obese-adolescents
#2
Edward J Nehus, Jane C Khoury, Thomas H Inge, Nianzhou Xiao, Todd M Jenkins, Marva M Moxey-Mims, Mark M Mitsnefes
A significant number of severely obese adolescents undergoing bariatric surgery have evidence of early kidney damage. To determine if kidney injury is reversible following bariatric surgery, we investigated renal outcomes in the Teen-Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery cohort, a prospective multicenter study of 242 severely obese adolescents undergoing bariatric surgery. Primary outcomes of urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio and cystatin C-based estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) were evaluated preoperatively and up to 3 years following bariatric surgery...
November 30, 2016: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913689/how-is-low-parental-socioeconomic-status-associated-with-future-smoking-and-nicotine-dependence-in-offspring-a-population-based-longitudinal-13-year-follow-up
#3
Willy Pedersen, Tilmann Von Soest
AIMS: Low socioeconomic status (SES) characterizes smoking and nicotine dependence in adult samples. However, less is known about how parental SES is linked to smoking in offspring and the potential mechanisms at work. METHODS: A population-based longitudinal study (n=1380) from Norway was used. Participants were followed from their mid-teens until their late 20s using survey and register data. Data were collected on parental education, parental smoking, educational aspirations and expectations, school grades and school-related conduct problems...
December 1, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913658/social-determinants-and-teen-pregnancy-prevention-exploring-the-role-of-nontraditional-partnerships
#4
Taleria R Fuller, Carla P White, Jocelyn Chu, Deborah Dean, Naomi Clemmons, Carmen Chaparro, Jessica L Thames, Anitra Belle Henderson, Pebbles King
Addressing the social determinants of health (SDOH) that influence teen pregnancy is paramount to eliminating disparities and achieving health equity. Expanding prevention efforts from purely individual behavior change to improving the social, political, economic, and built environments in which people live, learn, work, and play may better equip vulnerable youth to adopt and sustain healthy decisions. In 2010, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in partnership with the Office of Adolescent Health funded state- and community-based organizations to develop and implement the Teen Pregnancy Prevention Community-Wide Initiative...
December 1, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909391/visual-behavior-differences-in-drivers-across-the-lifespan-a-digital-billboard-simulator-study
#5
Despina Stavrinos, Peyton R Mosley, Shannon M Wittig, Haley D Johnson, John S Decker, Virginia P Sisiopiku, Sharon C Welburn
Driver distraction is implicated in a significant portion of motor vehicle collisions; evidence has suggested that billboards can contribute to such distraction, but many knowledge gaps remain. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of various types of billboards (static, 250-foot digital transition, 500-foot digital transition, and a control [no billboard] condition) and age group (teen, middle, and older) on visual behavior through the use of a driving simulator. To address gaps in the existing literature, the effects of age group and billboard type on the following visual attention variables were considered: percent of time participants looked at billboards, average glance length, number of glances, and glance pattern activity...
August 2016: Transportation Research. Part F, Traffic Psychology and Behaviour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908972/clustering-of-health-related-behaviors-among-early-and-mid-adolescents-in-tuscany-results-from-a-representative-cross-sectional-study
#6
Giacomo Lazzeri, Donatella Panatto, Alexander Domnich, Lucia Arata, Andrea Pammolli, Rita Simi, Mariano Vincenzo Giacchi, Daniela Amicizia, Roberto Gasparini
BACKGROUND: A huge amount of literature suggests that adolescents' health-related behaviors tend to occur in clusters, and the understanding of such behavioral clustering may have direct implications for the effective tailoring of health-promotion interventions. Despite the usefulness of analyzing clustering, Italian data on this topic are scant. This study aimed to evaluate the clustering patterns of health-related behaviors. METHODS: The present study is based on data from the Health Behaviors in School-aged Children (HBSC) study conducted in Tuscany in 2010, which involved 3291 11-, 13- and 15-year olds...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903941/prep-t1-preteen-re-education-with-parents-type-1-diabetes-feasibility-intervention-results
#7
Susan Sullivan-Bolyai, Sybil Crawford, Kim Johnson, Neesha Ramchandani, Diane Quinn, Bianca D'Alesandro, Kailyn Stern, Terry Lipman, Gail Melkus, Randi Streisand
There has been a 2% to 3% increase in Type 1 diabetes (T1D) in children below 11 years old. Preteens (9-12 years old) with T1D are often overlooked regarding future diabetes self-management (DSM) expectations because parents are still in the "driver's seat." The study purpose was to explore feasibility/ability to recruit and conduct a two-arm trial on reeducation, collaboration, and social support. One component of DSM was reviewed (hypoglycemia) with preteens (n = 22) and parents (n = 22). The experimental preteens discussed hypoglycemia management with a teen mentor and nurse educator using a human patient simulator for practice, and working collaboratively with parents...
November 2016: Journal of Family Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899878/a-provider-s-perspective-on-the-management-of-diabetes-from-preschool-through-the-teen-years
#8
Jo Ann H Ahern
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899339/engaging-moms-on-teen-indoor-tanning-through-social-media-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Sherry L Pagoto, Katie Baker, Julia Griffith, Jessica L Oleski, Ashley Palumbo, Barbara J Walkosz, Joel Hillhouse, Kimberly L Henry, David B Buller
BACKGROUND: Indoor tanning elevates the risk for melanoma, which is now the most common cancer in US women aged 25-29. Public policies restricting access to indoor tanning by minors to reduce melanoma morbidity and mortality in teens are emerging. In the United States, the most common policy restricting indoor tanning in minors involves parents providing either written or in person consent for the minor to purchase a tanning visit. The effectiveness of this policy relies on parents being properly educated about the harms of indoor tanning to their children...
November 29, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898635/mobile-health-technology-to-communicate-discharge-and-follow-up-information-to-adolescents-from-the-emergency-department
#10
Margaret Ray, Peter S Dayan, Vartan Pahalyants, Lauren S Chernick
OBJECTIVE: Adolescents are the largest users of mobile technology; yet, there are little data regarding their receptivity to the use of mobile health technology (mHealth) from the emergency department (ED). The objective of this study was to determine adolescents' preferences for receiving ED discharge and follow-up information via mHealth and factors associated with those preferences. METHODS: We administered an anonymous self-reporting survey to patients aged 14 to 19 years discharged from an urban pediatric ED...
December 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897761/chronic-liver-conditions-in-teens-linked-to-anxiety-risk
#11
(no author information available yet)
King's College London researchers have called for a greater focus on the mental health of young people with chronic liver conditions, after a study showed an increased risk of anxiety and depression.
November 16, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895149/psychotherapy-for-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-pediatrician-s-guide
#12
Vania Modesto-Lowe, Victoria Charbonneau, Pantea Farahmand
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) presents with high levels of inattention, impulsiveness, and hyperactivity. ADHD starts in childhood and results in impairments that continue into adulthood. ADHD symptoms lead to decreased functionality in various life domains and result in poor academics, behavioral challenges, delayed independence, and strained relationships. Despite advances in diagnosis and treatment, persistent residual symptoms are common, highlighting the need for novel treatment strategies...
November 27, 2016: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891209/feasibility-of-connecting-a-substance-abuse-prevention-program-for-foster-teens-and-their-caregivers
#13
Kevin P Haggerty, Susan E Barkan, Martie Skinner, W Ben Packard, Janice J Cole
OBJECTIVE: To test the feasibility, usability, and proximal outcomes of Connecting, an adaptation of a low-cost, self-directed, family-based substance use prevention program, Staying Connected with Your Teen, with foster families in a randomized, waitlist control pilot study. METHOD: Families (n = 60) fostering teens between 11 and 15 years of age were recruited into the study and randomly assigned into the self-administered program with telephone support from a family consultant (n = 32) or a waitlist control condition (n = 28)...
2016: Journal of the Society for Social Work and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890518/a-comparison-of-parent-and-provider-reported-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-of-adolescents
#14
Eric Adjei Boakye, Betelihem B Tobo, Nosayaba Osazuwa-Peters, Kahee A Mohammed, Christian J Geneus, Mario Schootman
INTRODUCTION: There is considerable effort at the state and national levels to monitor human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine uptake and understand the factors that influence who gets vaccinated. Accurate measurement of vaccination coverage is critical for monitoring HPV vaccination. This study aimed to determine comparability between parent- and provider-reported HPV vaccination status for a sample of adolescents in the U.S. METHODS: Data from the 2014 National Immunization Survey-Teen were analyzed in 2016 for 20,827 adolescents...
November 24, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884300/teen-preferences-for-clinic-based-behavior-screens-who-where-when-and-how
#15
Carolyn Bradner Jasik, Mark Berna, Maria Martin, Elizabeth M Ozer
PURPOSE: Previous research examining computer-based adolescent risk behavior screening was done before widespread adoption of smartphones and merits updating. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional survey among 115 adolescents seeking primary care age 12-18 years. It is a diverse sample with 59% female, 51% white, 18% African-American, and 27% Latino. Respondents were asked level of comfort and honesty (1 = strongly disagree, 5 = strongly agree) when answering health behavior questions by paper, interview, or electronic device...
December 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883927/randomized-pilot-trial-of-a-cognitive-behavioral-alcohol-self-harm-and-hiv-prevention-program-for-teens-in-mental-health-treatment
#16
Christianne Esposito-Smythers, Wendy Hadley, Timothy W Curby, Larry K Brown
Adolescents with mental health conditions represent a high-risk group for substance use, deliberate self-harm (DSH), and risky sexual behavior. Mental health treatment does not uniformly decrease these risks. Effective prevention efforts are needed to offset the developmental trajectory from mental health problems to these behaviors. This study tested an adjunctive cognitive-behavioral family-based alcohol, DSH, and HIV prevention program (ASH-P) for adolescents in mental healthcare. A two group randomized design was used to compare ASH-P to an assessment only control (AO-C)...
November 12, 2016: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882118/atypical-miyoshi-distal-myopathy-a-case-report
#17
Meiling Wang, Yujie Guo, Yong Fu, Rui Jia, Gang Chen
Five distinct predominant distal myopathies have been identified with discrete clinical and genetic patterns. Miyoshi myopathy (MM; early adult-onset, type 2) is a subtype of dysferlinopathy. Furthermore, MM is the most common form of autosomal recessive distal myopathy. MM is typically characterized by muscular weakness, initially affecting the gastrocnemius or soleus muscle from the late teens or early adulthood. The present study reports a case of MM that was confirmed by pathological and immunohistochemical methods, in addition to a review of the relevant literature...
November 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878848/the-effectiveness-of-the-cope-healthy-lifestyles-teen-program-a-school-based-intervention-in-middle-school-adolescents-with-12-month-follow-up
#18
Aysun Ardic, Semra Erdogan
AIM: The goal of this study is to assess the applicability and long-term effectiveness of the T-COPE Healthy TEEN program on adolescent health. BACKGROUND: Obesity and mental health disorders are major public health problems in adolescents. In this context, including long-term and multiple behavioural obesity prevention programs are becoming increasingly important. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental design with pre-test/post-test control group and repeated measurements METHODS: Eighty-seven (45 in intervention group, 42 in control group) adolescents were included from two different middle schools in the intervention program...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876322/teen-cuisine-impacting-dietary-habits-and-food-preparation-skills-in-adolescents
#19
Tonya T Price, Anne-Carter S Carrington, Lynn Margheim, Elena Serrano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 18, 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875431/do-infant-simulators-deter-teen-pregnancy
#20
Joan Zolot
Study shows girls who took simulators home had higher subsequent pregnancy rates.
December 2016: American Journal of Nursing
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