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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427731/social-identity-and-support-for-counteracting-tobacco-company-marketing-that-targets-vulnerable-populations
#1
Sabeeh A Baig, Jessica K Pepper, Jennifer C Morgan, Noel T Brewer
RATIONALE: Tobacco companies use advertising to target vulnerable populations, including youth, racial/ethnic minorities, and sexual minorities. OBJECTIVE: We sought to examine how personal identity affects support for population-specific anti-smoking advertisements that could serve as countermeasures to industry marketing practices. METHODS: In 2014-2015, we surveyed probability phone samples of adults and adolescents (n = 6,139) and an online convenience sample of adults (n = 4,137) in the United States...
April 4, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425183/associations-between-major-life-events-and-adherence-glycemic-control-and-psychosocial-characteristics-in-teens-with-type-1-diabetes
#2
Persis V Commissariat, Lisa K Volkening, Zijing Guo, Jessica L ElBach, Deborah A Butler, Lori M Laffel
AIMS: This cross-sectional study assessed the type of major life events occurring in a contemporary sample of teens with type 1 diabetes and the association between event frequency and demographic, diabetes management, and psychosocial characteristics. METHODS: Parents of 178 teens completed the Life Events Checklist to report major events teens had experienced in the last year: 42% experienced 0 to 1 event (n = 75), 32% experienced 2 to 3 events (n = 57), and 26% experienced 4+ events (n = 46)...
April 19, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424637/listening-niches-across-a-century-of-popular-music
#3
Carol Lynne Krumhansl
This article investigates the contexts, or "listening niches", in which people hear popular music. The study spanned a century of popular music, divided into 10 decades, with participants born between 1940 and 1999. It asks about whether they know and like the music in each decade, and their emotional reactions. It also asks whether the music is associated with personal memories and, if so, with whom they were listening, or whether they were listening alone. Finally, it asks what styles of music they were listening to, and the music media they were listening with, in different periods of their lives...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424217/use-of-life-jackets-and-other-types-of-flotation-for-in-water-recreation-in-designated-swim-areas-in-washington-state
#4
Linda Quan, Thomas Mangione, Elizabeth Bennett, Wendy Chow
Most fatal drownings worldwide occur in open water. Flotation devices may protect swimmers. Their use by those recreating in water has not been described. METHODS: Observational survey of swimmers and waders at designated swim sites at lakes and rivers evaluated them by age group, sex, type of flotation used (life jacket vs substandard flotation, eg, water wings, noodles, inflatables) and, for children <6 years, being within arm's reach of an adult. RESULTS: Of 1967 swimmers/waders observed, 37% used some type of flotation device...
April 19, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423105/-adolescense-pregnancy-in-a-marginalized-rural-community-in-mexico
#5
Alberto Jiménez-González, José Arturo Granados-Cosme, Roselia Arminda Rosales-Flores
Objective: To identify objective and subjective conditions in the lives of pregnant teens within a highly-marginalized community in the state of Puebla, Mexico. Materials and methods: Objective and subjective conditions of pregnant teens were evaluated through a mixed methodology (surveys, observation guides and a structured interview guide). Results: The main family characteristic is the absence of a father due to migration, no desire to study or work and the new meaning of pregnancy: the initial social stigma for engaging in a sexual activity and then, the stigma for being a young mother...
January 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422920/a-multi-year-assessment-of-a-hospital-school-program-to-promote-teen-motor-vehicle-safety
#6
Purnima Unni, Cristina M Estrada, Dai H Chung, Emily B Riley, Lesley Worsley-Hynd, Neil Stinson
BACKGROUND: Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death among teen drivers. The main goal of this program was to reduce texting while driving among high school teens through a unique peer-generated anti-texting campaign. METHODS: The program consisted of two phases. In Phase 1, student leaders participated in a half-day, hospital-based experiential program that emphasized safe teen driving. In Phase 2, these students conceptualized and implemented an anti-texting while driving campaign during the school year...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421613/intoxication-related-amed-alcohol-mixed-with-energy-drink-expectancies-scale-initial-development-and-validation
#7
Kathleen E Miller, Kurt H Dermen, Joseph F Lucke
BACKGROUND: Young adult use of alcohol mixed with energy drinks (AmEDs) has been linked with elevated risks for a constellation of problem behaviors. These risks may be conditioned by expectancies regarding the effects of caffeine in conjunction with alcohol consumption. The aim of this study was to describe the construction and psychometric evaluation of the Intoxication-Related AmED Expectancies Scale (AmED_EXPI), 15 self-report items measuring beliefs about how the experience of AmED intoxication differs from the experience of noncaffeinated alcohol (NCA) intoxication...
April 19, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421425/the-role-of-alaska-s-tribal-health-workers-in-supporting-families
#8
Miriam Chernoff, Katie Cueva
Alaska's Community Health Aides/Practitioners (CHA/Ps) are often the sole medical workers in their communities in rural Alaska, and are instrumental in providing healthcare services and education to otherwise underserved individuals. This qualitative study explored how CHA/Ps support healthy families. Six CHA/Ps from two rural communities in western Alaska were interviewed about their scope of practice, interactions with mothers, infants, families, and teens, relationship to other medical providers, and perceptions of their work...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420778/empowering-adolescents-who-are-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing
#9
Johnnie Sexton
The adolescent years are challenging for all kids. If hearing loss is added into the mix, the issues faced by these teens are quite complex and require some skill development in advocacy, empowerment, and independence. This article will explore the emotional journey of the individual and the family.
March 2017: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420625/sixty-seconds-on-teen-pregnancies
#10
Nigel Hawkes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414965/response-to-a-mindful-self-compassion-intervention-in-teens-a-within-person-association-of-mindfulness-self-compassion-and-emotional-well-being-outcomes
#11
Karen Bluth, Tory A Eisenlohr-Moul
As adolescence can be a stressful developmental stage, the purpose of this study was to determine if a novel mindful self-compassion program would decrease stress, depressive symptoms, and anxiety and increase resilience, gratitude, and curiosity/exploration (positive risk-taking), and to ascertain if mindfulness and self-compassion co-varied with these outcomes over time. Forty-seven adolescents in the southeast U.S. enrolled in an 8-week mindful self-compassion course in five cohorts. Measures were assessed at pre-intervention, post-intervention, and 6-week follow-up...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414685/association-of-state-mandated-abstinence-only-sexuality-education-with-rates-of-adolescent-hiv-infection-and-teenage-pregnancy
#12
L M Elliot, M M Booth, G Patterson, M Althoff, C K Bush, M A Dery
INTRODUCTION: Abstinence-only sexuality education (AOSE); is required in the public school systems of many states, raising public health concerns and perpetuating health disparities through school systems. This study aimed to determine the correlations between state-mandated AOSE and the rates of adolescent HIV and teen pregnancy. METHODS: Using publicly available data on all 50 United States' laws and policies on AOSE, states were ranked according to their level of abstinence emphasis on sexuality education (Level 0 - Level 3);...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413920/first-births-to-maltreated-adolescent-girls-differences-associated-with-spending-time-in-foster-care
#13
Bryn King
Few studies have examined early parenting among girls receiving child welfare services (CWS) or disentangled the relationship between maltreatment, spending time in foster care, and adolescent childbirth. Using population-based, linked administrative data, this study calculated birth rates among maltreated adolescent girls and assessed differences in birth rates associated with spending time in foster care. Of the 85,766 girls with substantiated allegations of maltreatment during adolescence, nearly 18% subsequently gave birth...
May 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409260/the-impact-of-teen-court-on-rural-adolescents-improved-social-relationships-psychological-functioning-and-school-experiences
#14
Paul R Smokowski, Roderick A Rose, Caroline B R Evans, James Barbee, Katie L Cotter, Meredith Bower
Teen Court is a prevention program aimed at diverting first time juvenile offenders from the traditional juvenile justice system and reintegrating them into the community. Few studies have examined if Teen Court impacts adolescent functioning. We examined how Teen Court participation impacted psychosocial functioning, social relationships, and school experiences in a sample of 392 rural Teen Court participants relative to two comparison samples, one from the same county as Teen Court (n = 4276) and one from a neighboring county (n = 3584)...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403665/oregon-school-based-health-centers-and-sexual-and-contraceptive-behaviors-among-adolescents
#15
Melina Bersamin, Mallie J Paschall, Deborah A Fisher
This study investigated the association between school-based health centers (SBHCs) and sexual behavior and contraceptive use among 11th graders. The sample included 134 high schools (27 schools with SBHCs) and 11,840 students who participated in the 2015 Oregon Healthy Teens Survey. Multilevel logistic regressions found positive associations between SBHC presence and healthy sexual behavior ( OR = 1.23, p < .05) and contraceptive use ( OR = 1.31, p < .01). Associations were stronger at schools with at least 50% of students receiving free or reduced price lunch...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397636/community-emergency-response-team-cert-training-of-high-risk-teens-in-the-community-of-watts-south-los-angeles-2013-2014
#16
Shamika Ossey, Sharon Sylvers, Sona Oksuzyan, Lisa V Smith, Douglas Frye, Leila Family, Jannah Scott, Jan B King
The Community Emergency Response Team (CERT) concept was initially developed for adult members of the community to help prepare for disasters and minimize damage when disasters occur. CERTs also served as a tool for building community capacity and self-sufficiency by supporting a diverse group of people working together in dealing with challenges affecting their communities. The novel approach to CERTs described here sought to involve high-risk youth from low-socioeconomic status communities in CERTs and first aid and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training to help them build ties with communities, stay off the streets, and become leaders in the community...
April 11, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394211/screening-of-problematic-internet-use-among-spanish-adolescents-prevalence-and-related-variables
#17
Patricia Gómez, Antonio Rial, Teresa Braña, Sandra Golpe, Jesús Varela
The opportunities and challenges related to Internet use continue to grow, as well as the social concern around problematic Internet use (PIU), online risky behaviors, and the intensive use of Internet, mainly among adolescents. The aim of this study was to conduct a general screening of PIU in a large sample of school-based adolescents in Spain (n = 40,955), providing updated prevalence data of PIU and different online risky practices, as well as rates of Internet and social network use. Differences between problematic and nonproblematic users were explored in terms of demographics, parental control, and motivations for using...
April 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389327/interactions-of-psychosocial-factors-with-built-environments-in-explaining-adolescents-active-transportation
#18
Xiaobo Wang, Terry L Conway, Kelli L Cain, Lawrence D Frank, Brian E Saelens, Carrie Geremia, Jacqueline Kerr, Karen Glanz, Jordan A Carlson, James F Sallis
The present study examined independent and interacting associations of psychosocial and neighborhood built environment variables with adolescents' reported active transportation. Moderating effects of adolescent sex were explored. Mixed-effects regression models were conducted on data from the Teen Environment and Neighborhood observational study (N=928) in the Seattle, WA and Baltimore regions 2009-2011. Frequency index of active transportation to neighborhood destinations (dependent variable) and 7 psychosocial measures were reported by adolescents...
April 4, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385093/cigarette-graphic-warning-labels-increase-both-risk-perceptions-and-smoking-myth-endorsement
#19
Abigail T Evans, Ellen Peters, Abigail B Shoben, Louise R Meilleur, Elizabeth G Klein, Mary Kate Tompkins, Martin Tusler
OBJECTIVE: Cigarette graphic warning labels elicit negative emotion, which increases risk perceptions through multiple processes. We examined whether this emotion simultaneously affects motivated cognitions like smoking myth endorsement (e.g. 'exercise can undo the negative effects of smoking') and perceptions of cigarette danger versus other products. DESIGN: 736 adult and 469 teen smokers/vulnerable smokers viewed one of three warning label types (text-only, low emotion graphic or high emotion graphic) four times over two weeks...
April 7, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385059/maternal-alcohol-and-tobacco-consumption-and-the-association-with-their-9-to-14-year-old-children-s-body-mass-index
#20
Rejane Augusta de Oliveira Figueiredo, Eva Roos, Johan G Eriksson, Sabina Simola-Ström, Elisabete Weiderpass
AIMS: Little is known about impact of maternal alcohol and tobacco consumption on adolescents' body size. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether maternal alcohol or tobacco consumption is associated with their children's body size in adolescence, assessed by Body Mass Index (BMI). METHODS: This study was conduct in subjects recruited into the Finnish Health in Teens cohort (Fin-HIT) between 2011 and 2014. A total of 4525 subjects aged between 9 and 14 years and their mothers or female adults responsible for the children were analysed...
April 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
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