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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150756/impact-of-risk-factors-for-gestational-diabetes-gdm-on-pregnancy-outcomes-in-women-with-gdm
#1
T Filardi, F Tavaglione, M Di Stasio, V Fazio, A Lenzi, S Morano
PURPOSE: In this study, we evaluated the impact of risk factors for gestational diabetes on clinical/biochemical parameters and maternal/fetal outcomes. METHODS: One hundred eighty-three (n 183) women (age 33.8 ± 5.5 years, 59% Caucasians, 41% non-Caucasians) with gestational diabetes were included in the study. Anamnestic information, anthropometric and laboratory parameters, and maternal and fetal outcomes at delivery were collected. RESULTS: Insulin therapy prevalence was higher in Asians vs Caucasians (p = 0...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149573/the-intrinsic-genetic-and-epigenetic-regulator-factors-as-therapeutic-targets-and-the-effect-on-fetal-globin-gene-expression
#2
Pegah Adelvand, Mohammed Hamid, Soroush Sardari
Introduction The effort to induce fetal globin or Hb F gene expression as an alternative therapy for blood transfusion has been ongoing for few decades, with promising results evident in patients with hemoglobinopathies. Although the clinical outcomes have been satisfactory and significant, there are still concerns about the safety of Hb F inducers in the long-term. There are potent inducers which lose their potency and safety over the course of therapy. Area Covered: In this work, efforts have been made to review the latest findings on intrinsic genetic and epigenetic factors which are able to induce the gene expression of fetal globin in adult patients with beta (β)-thalassemia Major, Intermedia and sickle cell disease (SCD)...
November 17, 2017: Expert Review of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146286/-genital-herpes-and-pregnancy-epidemiology-clinical-manifestations-prevention-and-screening-guidelines-for-clinical-practice-from-the-french-college-of-gynecologists-and-obstetrician-cngof
#3
O Picone
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the consequences of genital herpes infections in pregnant women. METHODS: The PubMed database and the recommendations from the French and foreign obstetrical societies or colleges have been consulted. RESULTS: The symptomatology of herpes genital rash is often atypical (NP2) and not different during pregnancy (Professional consensus). It is most often due to HSV2 (NP2). Seventy percent of pregnant patients have a history of infection with Herpes simplex virus, without reference to genital or labial localization, and this is in most cases type 1 (NP2)...
November 13, 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143560/induced-pluripotent-stem-cells-derived-from-human-amnion-in-chemically-defined-conditions
#4
Jaroslav Slamecka, Steven McClellan, Anna Wilk, Javier Laurini, Elizabeth Manci, Simon P Hoerstrup, Benedikt Weber, Laurie Owen
Fetal stem cells are a unique type of adult stem cells that have been suggested to be broadly multipotent with some features of pluripotency. Their clinical potential has been documented but their upgrade to full pluripotency could open up a wide range of cell-based therapies particularly suited for pediatric tissue engineering, longitudinal studies or disease modeling. Here we describe episomal reprogramming of mesenchymal stem cells from the human amnion to pluripotency (AM-iPSC) in chemically defined conditions...
November 16, 2017: Cell Cycle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143315/fetal-haemoglobin-induction-in-sickle-cell-disease
#5
REVIEW
Alireza Paikari, Vivien A Sheehan
Fetal haemoglobin (HbF, α2γ2) induction has long been an area of investigation, as it is known to ameliorate the clinical complications of sickle cell disease (SCD). Progress in identifying novel HbF-inducing strategies has been stymied by limited understanding of gamma (γ)-globin regulation. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified variants in BCL11A and HBS1L-MYB that are associated with HbF levels. Functional studies have established the roles of BCL11A, MYB, and KLF1 in γ-globin regulation, but this information has not yielded new pharmacological agents...
November 16, 2017: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141364/-effects-of-combination-therapy-with-aspirin-prednisone-and-elevit-in-patients-with-unexplained-recurrent-early-pregnancy-loss
#6
H Ou, Q Yu
Objective: To investigate the effect of triple therapy with aspirin, prednisone and Elevit in patients with unexplained recurrent early pregnancy loss. Methods: From January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2016, a total of 353 women of childbearing age were enrolled in Peking Union Medical College Hospital, including blood, urine and vaginal swabs. One hundred and fifty-five patients were observed normal results of blood test, urine test and vaginal swabs. According to the treatment regimen, 155 patients were divided into two groups, 89 patients (57...
November 7, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135075/the-role-of-body-mind-and-environment-in-preterm-birth-mind-the-gap
#7
REVIEW
Shelby Yamamoto, Shahirose Premji
Preterm birth continues to be a problem affecting low-, middle-, and high-income countries, with rates increasing in some areas despite ongoing efforts to reduce the incidence. This emphasizes the need for more effective interventions, particularly if we aim to achieve the broad health targets of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030. The current focus on medically-oriented interventions such as reducing nonmedically-indicated induction of labor, cesarean birth, and multiple embryo transfers associated with assisted reproductive technologies, as well as the application of cervical cerclage and use of progesterone therapy, though important, are likely only partial solutions to the complex phenomenon of preterm birth...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132800/fetal-bone-marrow-homing-of-donor-mesenchymal-stem-cells-after-transamniotic-stem-cell-therapy-trascet
#8
Hester F Shieh, Azra Ahmed, Sarah A Tracy, David Zurakowski, Dario O Fauza
PURPOSE: Donor cell engraftment patterns following transamniotic stem cell therapy (TRASCET) with amniotic fluid mesenchymal stem cells (afMSCs) are incompatible with solely direct amniotic seeding. We sought to determine whether fetal bone marrow is a component of such engraftment and to examine the chronology of afMSC placental trafficking. METHODS: Two groups of Sprague-Dawley rat fetuses received volume-matched intraamniotic injections on gestational day 17 (E17; term E22): either afMSCs labeled with a luciferase reporter gene or luciferase protein alone...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126301/coagulation-testing-in-the-core-laboratory
#9
William E Winter, Sherri D Flax, Neil S Harris
Primary hemostasis begins with endothelial injury. VWF, produced by endothelial cells, binds to platelets and links them to subendothelial collagen. Platelet-derived ADP and thromboxane activate non-adhered platelets via their GPIIb/IIIa receptors, allowing these platelets to participate in platelet aggregation. Secondary hemostasis is initiated with the binding of factor VII to extravascular tissue factor (TF). Factors II, VII, IX and X are vitamin K-dependent factors. The role of vitamin K is to assist in the addition of gamma carboxylate groups to glutamic acids in the "GLA" domains of these factors...
November 8, 2017: Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125510/regenerative-medicine-and-spina-bifida-recent-developments-in-induced-fetal-regeneration
#10
Dario O Fauza
Regenerative medicine as it applies to spina bifida is a multi-pronged endeavor involving spinal cord repair, tissue engineering and fetal regeneration, all of which can mutually overlap to variable extents. The efforts involving spinal cord repair, whether they be cell-based or not, are virtually indistinguishable from the enormous body of work related to spinal cord recovery after traumatic injury. Tissue engineering, on the other hand, can involve a variety of structures besides constructs used for covering the spina bifida defect, for example the urinary bladder, bone, muscle and skin...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125230/revisiting-fetal-dose-during-radiation-therapy-evaluating-treatment-techniques-and-a-custom-shield-jacmp-17-5-2016
#11
Amir M Owrangi, Donald A Roberts, Elizabeth L Covington, James A Hayman, Kathryn M Masi, Choonik Lee, Jean M Moran, Joann I Prisciandaro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124699/asthma-and-allergy-epidemic-and-the-role-of-vitamin-d-deficiency
#12
Konstantinos Douros, Barbara Boutopoulou, Sotirios Fouzas, Ioanna Loukou
The increase in asthma and allergies prevalence that has been recorded in many countries during the last decades, and the reemergence of vitamin D (VD) deficiency in many populations worldwide, renders fairly plausible the assumption of an underlying association between these two conditions and justifies the research effort invented in this issue. Indeed, there is growing body of evidence from epidemiological, laboratory, and clinical studies, suggesting that such an association does exist. The hypothesis of low levels of VD leading to compromised fetal programming and impairment of various immune functions involved in asthma and allergic disorders, stands as the most credible explanation of this presumed association...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123472/taurine-as-an-essential-neuromodulator-during-perinatal-cortical-development
#13
REVIEW
Werner Kilb, Atsuo Fukuda
A variety of experimental studies demonstrated that neurotransmitters are an important factor for the development of the central nervous system, affecting neurodevelopmental events like neurogenesis, neuronal migration, programmed cell death, and differentiation. While the role of the classical neurotransmitters glutamate and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) on neuronal development is well established, the aminosulfonic acid taurine has also been considered as possible neuromodulator during early neuronal development...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117499/preclinical-chorioamnionitis-dysregulates-cxcl1-cxcr2-signaling-throughout-the-placental-fetal-brain-axis
#14
REVIEW
Tracylyn R Yellowhair, Shahani Noor, Jessie R Maxwell, Christopher V Anstine, Akosua Y Oppong, Shenandoah Robinson, Erin D Milligan, Lauren L Jantzie
In the United States, perinatal brain injury (PBI) is a major cause of infant mortality and childhood disability. For a large proportion of infants with PBI, central nervous system (CNS) injury begins in utero with inflammation (chorioamnionitis/CHORIO) and/or hypoxia-ischemia. While studies show CHORIO contributes to preterm CNS injury and is also a common independent risk factor for brain injury in term infants, the molecular mechanisms mediating inflammation in the placental-fetal-brain axis that result in PBI remain a gap in knowledge...
November 5, 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116012/connexin-32-and-connexin-43-are-involved-in-lineage-restriction-of-hepatic-progenitor-cells-to-hepatocytes
#15
Haiyun Pei, Chao Zhai, Huilin Li, Fang Yan, Jinhua Qin, Hongfeng Yuan, Rui Zhang, Shuyong Wang, Wencheng Zhang, Mingyang Chang, Yunfang Wang, Xuetao Pei
BACKGROUND: Bi-potential hepatic progenitor cells can give rise to both hepatocytes and cholangiocytes, which is the last phase and critical juncture in terms of sequentially hepatic lineage restriction from any kind of stem cells. If their differentiation can be controlled, it might access to functional hepatocytes to develop pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries as well as cell therapies for end-stage liver diseases. METHODS: In this study, we investigated the influence of Cx32 and Cx43 on hepatocyte differentiation of WB-F344 cells by in vitro gain and loss of function analyses...
November 7, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113472/cell-therapy-for-parkinson-s-disease
#16
Takao Yasuhara, Masahiro Kameda, Tatsuya Sasaki, Naoki Tajiri, Isao Date
Cell therapy for Parkinson's disease (PD) began in 1979 with the transplantation of fetal rat dopamine-containing neurons that improved motor abnormalities in the PD rat model with good survival of grafts and axonal outgrowth. Thirty years have passed since the 2 clinical trials using cell transplantation for PD patients were first reported. Recently, cell therapy is expected to develop as a realistic treatment option for PD patients owing to the advancement of biotechnology represented by pluripotent stem cells...
September 2017: Cell Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112064/placental-transfer-of-elvitegravir-and-cobicistat-in-an-ex-vivo-human-cotyledon-double-perfusion-model
#17
Valentine Faure Bardon, Laurent Mandelbrot, Dominique Duro, Chloé Dussaux, Minh Le, Gilles Peytavin
OBJECTIVE: To determine the transplacental pharmacokinetics of the HIV integrase strand transfer inhibitor elvitegravir and of cobicistat, a cytochrome P450 inhibitor used as a pharmacoenhancer in antiretroviral therapy. DESIGN AND METHODS: Maternal-to-fetal transfer across the term human placenta was investigated with the ex-vivo dually perfused cotyledon model, in 7 open-circuit experiments and 10 closed-circuit (recirculating) experiments. Elvitegravir and cobicistat were added to a maternal perfusate containing 2 g/L of human serum albumin and antipyrine, as a marker to validate the cotyledon's viability...
November 2, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110329/transplantation-of-feeder-free-human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-cortical-neuron-progenitors-in-adult-male-wistar-rats-with-focal-brain-ischemia
#18
Yulius Hermanto, Tadashi Sunohara, Ahmad Faried, Yasushi Takagi, Jun Takahashi, Takakuni Maki, Susumu Miyamoto
The use of human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) eliminates the ethical issues associated with fetal or embryonic materials, thus allowing progress in cell therapy research for ischemic stroke. Strict regulation of cell therapy development requires the xeno-free condition to eliminate clinical complications. Maintenance of hiPSCs with feeder-free condition presents a higher degree of spontaneous differentiation in comparison with conventional cultures. Therefore, feeder-free derivation might be not ideal for developing transplantable hiPSC derivatives...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110217/aggressive-intrahepatic-therapies-for-synchronous-hepatocellular-carcinoma-with-pulmonary-metastasis
#19
Z Hu, P Huang, Z Zhou, W Li, J Xu, K Xu, J Wang, H Zhang
PURPOSE: Prognosis of synchronous hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients with pulmonary metastasis (PM) was poor, while aggressive intrahepatic therapies remained controversial. This study aimed to investigate the significance of aggressive intrahepatic therapies for synchronous PM-HCC. METHODS: Synchronous PM-HCC patients were retrospectively enrolled from Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University during January 2000 and December 2015. Univariate and multivariate analysis were performed to investigate the prognostic factors...
November 6, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108926/a-thalidomide-hydroxyurea-hybrid-increases-hbf-production-in-sickle-cell-mice-and-reduces-the-release-of-proinflammatory-cytokines-in-cultured-monocytes
#20
Carolina Lanaro, Carla Franco-Penteado, Fabio H Silva, Kleber Y Fertrin, Jean Leandro Dos Santos, Marlene Wade, Shobha Yerigenahally, Thais R de Melo, Chung Man Chin, Abdullah Kutlar, Steffen E Meiler, Fernando Ferreira Costa
Fetal hemoglobin induction by hydroxyurea therapy is associated with decreased morbidity and mortality in SCA patients, but not all respond to or tolerate hydroxyurea, which provides a rationale for the development of novel HbF inducers as treatment options for SCA. Thalidomide analogs have a combined ability to induce HbF production and to inhibit the release of tumor necrosis factor α. Molecular hybridization of hydroxyurea and thalidomide was used to synthesize 3-(1,3-dioxoisoindolin-2-yl) benzyl nitrate (compound 4C)...
November 3, 2017: Experimental Hematology
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