keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Baby

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936334/overview-of-substance-use-and-mental-health-among-the-baby-boomers-generation
#1
Michelle Cleary, Jan Sayers, Marguerite Bramble, Debra Jackson, Violeta Lopez
As the population ages, risk factors commonly shared by chronic degenerative disease can be exacerbated by behaviours and lifestyle choices. There is increasing evidence that those affected by chronic disease (and associated symptoms such as pain), depression and adverse behavioural and lifestyle patterns are at risk of substance misuse. This paper overviews substance use in Baby Boomers, which are defined as people aged between 52-70 years old, and the implications this may have on their mental health and well-being...
December 9, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936231/correction-riyadh-mother-and-baby-multicenter-cohort-study-the-cohort-profile
#2
Hayfaa Wahabi, Amel Fayed, Samia Esmaeil, Rasmieh Alzeidan, Mamoun Elawad, Rabeena Tabassum, Shehnaz Hansoti, Mohie Edein Magzoup, Hanan Al-Kadri, Elham Elsherif, Hazim Al-Mandil, Ghadeer Al-Shaikh, Nasria Zakaria
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0150297.].
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935807/methylphenidate-for-adhd-in-children-and-adolescents-throwing-the-baby-out-with-the-bathwater
#3
Tobias Banaschewski, Jan Buitelaar, Celine S L Chui, David Coghill, Samuele Cortese, Emily Simonoff, Ian C K Wong
A recent Cochrane review assessed the efficacy of methylphenidate for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents. Notwithstanding the moderate-to-large effect sizes for ADHD symptom reduction found in the meta-analysis, the authors concluded that the quality of the evidence is low and therefore the true magnitude of these effects remains uncertain. We identified a number of major concerns with the review, in the domains of study inclusion, approaches to quality assessment and interpretation of data relating to serious adverse events as well as of the clinical implications of the reported effects...
November 2016: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935629/careful-not-to-throw-the-baby-out-with-the-bath-water
#4
Ross W McQuivey
I found the manuscript by Åberg et al. (1) very interesting and thank them for their efforts and attention to an important at-risk population. Given that Tage Malmstrőm of Sweden is widely considered the father of the modern vacuum, it seems an appropriate setting to conduct such a study. I unequivocally agree that a thorough risk assessment before any vacuum delivery is an absolute necessity and an estimate of the fetal birth weight is just one of many attributes to be considered. This article is protected by copyright...
December 9, 2016: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934841/aeromonas-hydrophila-meningitis-and-fulminant-sepsis-in-preterm-newborn-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#5
A Kali, R Kalaivani, Pmv Charles, K S Seetha
Neonatal meningitis is a lethal infection occurring in the 1st month of life. The risk of developing permanent neurological sequels is high among the neonates who survive. Bacterial pathogens are commonly associated with this condition. Aeromonas is a Gram-negative bacteria of aquatic habitat. Although isolation of Aeromonas species from neonates with blood stream infection is infrequently reported, neonatal meningitis caused by Aeromonas is exceedingly rare. We present a case of fulminant sepsis and meningitis caused by Aeromonas hydrophila in a preterm newborn male...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933462/what-do-you-need-to-get-male-partners-of-pregnant-women-tested-for-hiv-in-resource-limited-settings-the-baby-shower-cluster-randomized-trial
#6
Echezona E Ezeanolue, Michael C Obiefune, Wei Yang, Chinenye O Ezeanolue, Jennifer Pharr, Alice Osuji, Amaka G Ogidi, Aaron T Hunt, Dina Patel, Gbenga Ogedegbe, John E Ehiri
Male partner involvement has the potential to increase uptake of interventions to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT). Finding cultural appropriate strategies to promote male partner involvement in PMTCT programs remains an abiding public health challenge. We assessed whether a congregation-based intervention, the Healthy Beginning Initiative (HBI), would lead to increased uptake of HIV testing among male partners of pregnant women during pregnancy. A cluster-randomized controlled trial of forty churches in Southeastern Nigeria randomly assigned to either the HBI (intervention group; IG) or standard of care referral to a health facility (control group; CG) was conducted...
December 8, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933283/neonatal-diagnostics-toward-dynamic-growth-charts-of-neuromotor-control
#7
Elizabeth B Torres, Beth Smith, Sejal Mistry, Maria Brincker, Caroline Whyatt
The current rise of neurodevelopmental disorders poses a critical need to detect risk early in order to rapidly intervene. One of the tools pediatricians use to track development is the standard growth chart. The growth charts are somewhat limited in predicting possible neurodevelopmental issues. They rely on linear models and assumptions of normality for physical growth data - obscuring key statistical information about possible neurodevelopmental risk in growth data that actually has accelerated, non-linear rates-of-change and variability encompassing skewed distributions...
2016: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932430/bladder-agenesis-ectopic-ureters-and-a-multicystic-dysplastic-horseshoe-kidney-in-one-twin-newborn-with-normal-amniotic-fluid-index-in-utero
#8
Marium Naveed Khan, William F Walsh
A monochorionic-diamniotic twin baby presented with intrauterine growth restriction and anuria. The baby was found to have bladder agenesis, a pelvic dysplastic horseshoe kidney, vertebral anomalies, a ventricular septal defect and facial dysmorphisms. It was surprising to find no abnormalities in amniotic fluid indices prenatally, suggesting the possibility of urine output that declined as the pregnancy proceeded. Some degree of twin-to-twin transfusion of amniotic fluid was also possible, which could have rescued the oligohydramnios known to be associated with kidney and urinary tract abnormalities...
December 8, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932010/bottleneck-analysis-approach-to-accelerate-newborn-care-services-in-two-regions-in-ghana-implications-for-national-newborn-care
#9
A E Yawson, J K Awoonor-Williams, I Sagoe-Moses, P K Aboagye, A O Yawson, L K Senaya, G Bonsu, J B Eleeza, E E A Agongo, H K Banskota
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work is to describe application of a data-driven approach (bottleneck analysis [BNA] approach process) to accelerate newborn care services in two regions and what effect it had on national-level newborn care interventions in Ghana. STUDY DESIGN: A mixed-method approach was used for the study. The BNA tool generated quantitative data and group discussions provided phenomenological explanations to identified service gaps. METHODS: Regional newborn care health service assessments were conducted in November 2013 through desk reviews, field and health facility visits and coaching/mentorship...
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932007/difficulties-encountered-by-general-practitioners-in-the-management-of-shaken-baby-syndrome-report-of-a-survey-conducted-in-the-department-of-yonne-france
#10
S Gilard-Pioc, K Perez, I François-Purssell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931199/infant-formula-feeding-practices-in-a-prospective-population-based-study
#11
Hazel Ann Smith, Jonathan O'B Hourihane, Louise C Kenny, Mairead Kiely, Patricia Leahy-Warren, Deirdre M Murray
BACKGROUND: It is recommended that formula-fed infants are given standard whey-based infant formula throughout the first year of life, unless otherwise advised by healthcare professionals. To our knowledge it has not yet been explored if parents are using a whey-based infant formula throughout the first 12 months of life. Reasons for parental choice of formula are also unknown. Therefore, the objective of this paper was to describe parental administration of whey-based and non whey-based infant formula in the first year of life...
December 8, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930946/the-cradle-of-social-knowledge-infants-reasoning-about-caregiving-and-affiliation
#12
Annie C Spokes, Elizabeth S Spelke
Considerable research has examined infants' understanding and evaluations of social agents, but two questions remain unanswered: First, do infants organize observed social relations into larger structures, inferring the relationship between two social beings based on their relations to a third party? Second, how do infants reason about a type of social relation prominent in all societies: the caregiving relation between parents and their babies? In a series of experiments using animated events, we ask whether 15- to 18-month-old infants infer that two babies who were comforted by the same adult, or two adults who comforted the same baby, will affiliate with one another...
December 5, 2016: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929532/post-term-surveillance-and-birth-outcomes-in-south-asian-born-compared-with-australian-born-women
#13
C Yim, L Wong, C Cabalag, E M Wallace, M Davies-Tuck
OBJECTIVE: To determine if apparently healthy post-term South Asian-born (SA) women were more likely to have abnormal post-term fetal surveillance than Australian- and New Zealand-born (AUS/NZ) women, whether those abnormalities were associated with increased rates of obstetric intervention and adverse perinatal outcomes, and whether SA women and their babies were at higher risk of adverse outcomes in the post-term period irrespective of their post-term surveillance outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Post-term surveillance and perinatal outcomes of 145 SA and 272 AUS/NZ nulliparous women with a singleton post-term pregnancy were compared in a retrospective multicentre cohort analysis...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929416/from-consultation-to-application-practical-solutions-for-improving-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-for-adolescent-aboriginal-mothers-at-a-local-level
#14
Tracy Reibel, Paula Wyndow, Roz Walker
Adolescent pregnancy has been typically linked to a range of adverse outcomes for mother and child. In Australia, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women have a higher proportion of adolescent births compared with other adolescent Australian women, and are at greater risk of poorer psychosocial and clinical outcomes if they are not well supported during pregnancy and beyond. Drawing on existing literature and consultations with young Aboriginal women and health professionals supporting pregnant Aboriginal women in Western Australia, this paper discusses the importance of creating models of antenatal care using a "social determinants of health" framework...
December 6, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928522/breastfeeding-education-where-are-we-going-a-systematic-review-article
#15
REVIEW
Maria Adriana Burgio, Antonio Simone Laganà, Angela Sicilia, Romana Prosperi Porta, Maria Grazia Porpora, Helena Ban Frangež, Giovanni DI Venti, Onofrio Triolo
BACKGROUND: UNICEF (United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund) and WHO estimate that if all babies were breastfed for at least the first six months of their lives, the rate of morbidity and malnutrition would significantly decrease all over the world. In this view, these two organizations promoted a worldwide campaign for breastfeeding, creating the Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) that encourages good practices for the promotion of breastfeeding in hospitals. The aim of our study was to review the available evidence regarding the positive effects of breastfeeding, in order to suggest to most appropriate strategy to support it...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928260/emergency-redo-mitral-valve-replacement-immediately-after-caesarean-section
#16
İbrahim Duvan, Ümit Pınar Sungur, Burak Emre Onuk, Mehmet Şanser Ateş, İbrahim Sami Karacan, Murat Kurtoğlu
Surgery for heart diseases during pregnancy, especially necessitating cardiopulmonary bypass, is believed to trigger maternal and fetal risks and should be performed only when medical therapy has been unsuccessful to alleviate the cardiac decompensation. A 33-year-old pregnant woman in her 33rd week of gestation was admitted to our hospital. She had rheumatic mitral valvular stenosis and had undergone mitral valve replacement (MVR) with a mechanical prosthesis 11 years earlier in another center. Echocardiography revealed a thrombotic mass obstructing the leaflets of the mechanical mitral valve...
April 13, 2016: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928258/evaluation-of-pulse-oximetry-in-the-early-detection-of-cyanotic-congenital-heart-disease-in-newborns
#17
Amir Hosein Movahedian, Ziba Mosayebi, Setareh Sagheb
Background: Delayed or missed diagnosis of critical and cyanotic congenital heart disease (CHD) in asymptomatic newborns may result in significant morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy of pulse oximetry screening performed on the first day of life for the early detection of critical and cyanotic CHD in apparently normal newborns. Methods: This cross-sectional study used postductal pulse oximetry to evaluate term neonates born between 2008 and 2011 with normal physical examinations...
April 13, 2016: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927744/student-debt-spans-generations-characteristics-of-parents-who-borrow-to-pay-for-their-children-s-college-education
#18
Katrina M Walsemann, Jennifer A Ailshire
OBJECTIVES: Discussions of student debt often overlook the debt parents take on to pay for their children's education. We identify characteristics of parents with child-related educational debt among the late baby boom cohort. METHOD: Data come from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979, a nationally representative sample of individuals born between 1957 and 1964. We restrict our sample to parents who had any children aged ≥17 and answered questions on educational debt during midlife (n = 6,562)...
December 7, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927652/nicotinamide-ameliorates-a-preeclampsia-like-condition-in-mice-with-reduced-uterine-perfusion-pressure
#19
Tomofumi Fushima, Akiyo Sekimoto, Yuji Oe, Emiko Sato, Sadayoshi Ito, Hiroshi Sato, Nobuyuki Takahashi
Background - Preeclampsia (PE) is pregnancy-induced hypertension with proteinuria that typically develops after 20 weeks of gestation. Anti-hypertensives currently used for PE reduce blood pressure of PE mothers, but do not prevent pre-term delivery, and do not alleviate fetal growth restriction (FGR) associated with PE. We have recently shown that the activation of the ET system exacerbates PE. However, ET receptor antagonists are teratogenic and not suitable for pregnant women. A vitamin B3 nicotinamide (Nam) inhibits vasoconstriction by ET, is generally considered safe and harmless to babies...
December 7, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927045/pharmacological-difficulties-in-the-treatment-of-asthma-in-pregnant-women
#20
Jennifer A Namazy, Michael Schatz
This is a review of the diagnosis and management of asthma in the pregnant patient. Asthma may adversely affect both maternal quality of life and, perinatal outcomes. Optimal management of asthma is thus important for both mother and baby. Areas Covered: Special attention is paid to the challenges in diagnosis and management of asthma during pregnancy. Expert Commentary: This article reviews the safety of asthma medications commonly used during pregnancy.
December 7, 2016: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
keyword
keyword
5868
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"