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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971792/modification-of-tubeless-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-with-a-ureteropelvic-junction-stent
#1
Tian C Zhou, Joshua M Stern
INTRODUCTION: To introduce the ureteropelvic junction stent as a safe and effective modification to tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy for select patients to maintain antegrade access to the collecting system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From April 2014 to December 2015, 31 patients underwent modified tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy with ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) stent left in situ and an extraction string coming out the nephrostomy tract. Primary study endpoints included complications, emergency department visits, or re-admissions...
October 2017: Canadian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969204/giant-pyonephrosis-due-to-ureteropelvic-junction-obstruction-a-case-report
#2
Rupesh Gupta, Sweta Gupta, Arpan Choudhary, Supriya Basu
Pyonephrosis is a suppurative infection of upper urinary tract due to obstruction of the ureter. It is usually associated with suppurative damage of renal parenchyma and renal function loss. Patients are mostly symptomatic but may remain asymptomatic in 15% of cases. Severe infection in pyonephrosis may lead to urosepsis and may endangered life, if timely not treated with surgical intervention. We hereby report a rare case of Giant Pyonephrosis (GP), contained 11 liters of pus, due to Ureteropelvic Junction (UPJ) obstruction presented with haematuria...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902181/platelet-derived-growth-factor-receptor-alpha-positive-cells-a-new-cell-type-in-the-human-ureteropelvic-junction
#3
Manuela Hunziker, Anne-Marie O'Donnell, Prem Puri
BACKGROUND: Ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction is the most common cause of congenital hydronephrosis. Normal ureteral motility requires coordinated interaction between neurons, smooth muscle cells (SMCs), and interstitial Cajal-like cells (IC-LCs). Recently, a new type of interstitial cell, platelet-derived growth factor receptor α-positive (PDGFRα(+)) cells, was discovered in the gastrointestinal tract and bladder.MethodsWe used immunohistochemistry to study PDGFRα protein distribution in normal human UPJ and congenital UPJ obstruction...
September 13, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814706/-diagnostic-impact-of-3d-ct-with-retrograde-pyelography-for-ureteropelvic-junction-obstruction-a-case-report
#4
Kohei Takei, Hideyuki Abe, Daisaku Nishihara, Tomoya Mizuno, Yuumi Tokura, Issei Suzuki, Kazumasa Sakamoto, Hideo Yuki, Tsunehito Kambara, Hironori Betsunou, Masahiro Yashi, Yoshitatsu Fukabori, Takao Kamai, Kensuke Inamura, Yasukazu Shioyama, Yasushi Kaji
A 26-year-old woman presented to our hospital with right costovertebral angle (CVA) pain. Ultrasonographyand computed tomography(CT) scan indicated right hydronephrosis, and MAG3 renogram showed an obstructed pattern in the right kidney. Enhanced CT scan revealed an ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) with an aberrant vessel. To clarifythe ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) structure in detail, we utilized 3D-CT with retrograde pyelography (RP), which further revealed the true pinhole ureteral stricture of UPJ unaffected bythe aberrant vessel...
July 2017: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757241/robotic-salvage-pyeloplasty-with-buccal-mucosal-onlay-graft-video-demonstration-of-technique-and-outcomes
#5
Anna Zampini, Ryan Nelson, Jj Haijing Zhang, Jeremy Reese, Kenneth Angermeier, Georges-Pascal Haber
OBJECTIVE To present the use of buccal mucosal graft (BMG) in a salvage robotic laparoscopic pyeloplasty as an alternative in the management of recurrent UPJ obstruction. METHODS We present two patients with recurrent UPJ obstruction who had previously undergone two prior open or robotic pyleoplasties, followed by endoscopic management. Preoperative imaging was obtained prior to surgical repair. The UPJ was incised and the incision extended to reveal margins of healthy normal caliber ureteral tissue. Single buccal mucosal graft were harvested from the inner cheek of each patient...
July 27, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694567/immunohistochemistry-in-ureteropelvic-junction-obstruction-and-its-correlation-to-postoperative-outcome
#6
Anusiri Inugala, Ramesh Kota Reddy, Bhuvaneshwar Nadipalli Rao, Sreenivas P Reddy, Radhika Othuluru, Lavanya Kanniyan, Nagarjuna Kumbha, Srinivas Srirampur
AIM: To investigate the correlation between the status of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) in ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) and the resected ureteric margin and the postoperative outcome of Anderson-Hynes pyeloplasty in UPJ obstruction (UPJO) and to compare the ICC in the UPJ and the resected margin of the normal ureter. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An observational study was conducted over a period of 2 years at the Department of Pediatric Surgery at Niloufer Institute of Women and Child Health...
July 2017: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595935/predictors-of-renal-functional-improvement-after-pyeloplasty-in-ureteropelvic-junction-obstruction-clinical-value-of-visually-assessed-renal-tissue-tracer-transit-in-99m-tc-mercaptoacetyltriglycine-renography
#7
Sang Hoon Song, Sahyun Park, Sun Young Chae, Dae Hyuk Moon, Sungchan Park, Kun Suk Kim
OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical value of visually assessed renal tissue transit time (TTT) in (99m)Tc-mercaptoacetyltriglycine ((99m)Tc-MAG3) renography for patients undergoing pyeloplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of 164 patients who underwent dismembered pyeloplasty were retrospectively reviewed. Baseline and postoperative renal ultrasonography and (99m)Tc-MAG3 renography were performed. Two urologists blinded to clinical data evaluated the renography and classified TTT as timely or delayed based on visualization of the tracer in the kidney pelvis between 2 and 10 minutes...
July 3, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590826/minimally-invasive-treatment-of-pediatric-extrinsic-ureteropelvic-junction-obstruction-by-crossing-polar-vessels-is-vascular-hitching-a-definitive-solution-report-of-a-multicenter-survey
#8
Salvatore Fabio Chiarenza, Cosimo Bleve, Paolo Caione, Maria Escolino, Simona Gerocarni Nappo, Rosa Perretta, Angela La Manna, Ciro Esposito
BACKGROUND: This article aimed to evaluate the outcome of laparoscopic vascular hitch (VH) as an effective alternative to dismembered pyeloplasty in the treatment of children with extrinsic ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) by crossing vessels (CVs), by reporting the experience of three Italian centers of Pediatric Surgery. METHODS: From 2006 to 2014, 54 children (18 girls and 36 boys, average age 10.7 years) affected by suspected extrinsic UPJO by CV were treated in three different institutions: 51 patients underwent laparoscopic VH, while 3 patients, in which a coexisting intrinsic etiology of UPJO was doubtful, underwent laparoscopic dismembered pyeloplasty...
September 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530625/-robot-assisted-and-laparoscopic-pyeloplasty
#9
REVIEW
Juan Ignacio Pascual-Piédrola, Imanol Merino-Narro, Mateo Hevia-Suárez, Francisco Javier Ancizu-Marckert, Ángel García-Cortés, Pablo Domenech-López
OBJECTIVES: Uretero-pelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction has been classically treated by open dismembered pyeloplasty. Recently, laparoscopic (LP) and robotic pyeloplasty (RP) have become the techniques of choice for the treatment of UPJ stenosis in adult and pediatric population. Our objective in this paper is to review the results of minimally invasive surgery as the treatment of UPJ obstruction, the trend to use these approaches and the current limits of LP and RP. METHODS: A review of most relevant papers and meta-analysis about LP and RP in pediatric and adult population was performed using PubMed...
May 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483468/prospective-evaluation-of-retroperitoneal-laparoscopic-pyeloplasty-in-children-in-the-first-2-years-of-life-is-age-a-risk-factor-for-conversion
#10
H Badawy, A Saad, A Fahmy, W Dawood, A Aboulfotouh, A Kamal, K Refaei, A Zoaier, M Youssef
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic pyeloplasty in children has stood the test of time. A clear advantage of laparoscopic pyeloplasty over open pyeloplasty has been proven both by retrospective and prospective trials. The aim of the current study was to address, in a prospective design, the outcomes, safety, conversion rates and risk factors for conversion in children aged <2 years who underwent retroperitonoscopic pyeloplasty by a single surgeon. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In the period April 2014 to May 2016, 15 children with a median age of 6 months (range 1-24) and ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction were operated by a single surgeon using retroperitonoscopic pyeloplasty with antegrade renal stenting...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462156/case-report-of-a-ureterocutenous-fistula-post-aortobifemoral-bypass-graft-removal-in-a-patient-with-obstructive-upj-calculus
#11
Jason Huang, Harpreet Wadhwa, Matthew Blecha, Paul Yonover
Ureterocutaneous fistulas are rare, often iatrogenic complications. We present a case of a 60 year old woman suffering a ureterocutaneous fistula in association with an infected vascular graft. Percutaneous diversion of urinary fluid with a nephrostomy tube is an acceptable form of management.
July 2017: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403495/-diagnosis-and-therapeutic-management-in-kidney-ureter-and-bladder-trauma
#12
Karin Hirsch, Marco Heinz, Bernd Wullich
Trauma refers to the destruction of tissues or organs by external forces and it is the most common cause of mortality and morbidity in children (1, 2). Injuries of the genitourinary tract may be the result of blunt (falls, sport injuries, motor vehicle accidents and sexual abuse) or penetrating (stab wounds, gun shots, falling onto sharp objects) injuries. The genitourinary tract is significantly injured in 2.9% of paediatric trauma patients 4.In the paediatric population, the kidney is the most affected organ in the genitourinary tract (>60% of all genitourinary tract injuries) 4...
February 2017: Aktuelle Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389594/giant-fibroepithelial-polyp-of-the-ureter
#13
Mayank Gupta, Sanjeet Roy, Cornerstone Wann, Anu Eapen
Giant fibroepithelial polyp is a rare cause of ureteric/ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction. We report a rare case of giant fibroepithelial polyp in a 32-year-old woman involving the whole length of the ureter, reaching up to the UPJ which was clinically and radiologically considered to be urothelial carcinoma. Frozen section showed a polypoid lesion lined by urothelium with no evidence of dysplasia or malignancy. Subsequently, nephroureterectomy was done as there was marked renal hydronephrosis and it was impossible to separate the polyp from the wall of the ureter...
April 7, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249581/systems-biology-combining-human-and-animal-data-mirna-and-mrna-data-identifies-new-targets-in-ureteropelvic-junction-obstruction
#14
Theofilos Papadopoulos, Audrey Casemayou, Eric Neau, Benjamin Breuil, Cécile Caubet, Denis Calise, Barbara A Thornhill, Magdalena Bachvarova, Julie Belliere, Robert L Chevalier, Panagiotis Moulos, Dimcho Bachvarov, Benedicte Buffin-Meyer, Stéphane Decramer, Françoise Conte Auriol, Jean-Loup Bascands, Joost P Schanstra, Julie Klein
BACKGROUND: Although renal fibrosis and inflammation have shown to be involved in the pathophysiology of obstructive nephropathies, molecular mechanisms underlying evolution of these processes remain undetermined. In an attempt towards improved understanding of obstructive nephropathy and improved translatability of the results to clinical practice we have developed a systems biology approach combining omics data of both human and mouse obstructive nephropathy. RESULTS: We have studied in parallel the urinary miRNome of infants with ureteropelvic junction obstruction and the kidney tissue miRNome and transcriptome of the corresponding neonatal partial unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) mouse model...
March 1, 2017: BMC Systems Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161380/percent-of-tracer-clearance-at-40%C3%A2-minutes-in-mag3-renal-scans-is-more-sensitive-than-t1-2-for-symptomatic-ureteropelvic-junction-obstruction
#15
Friedrich-Carl von Rundstedt, Jason M Scovell, Shelly X Bian, Dominic Lee, Wesley A Mayer, Richard E Link
OBJECTIVE: To increase the diagnostic sensitivity of standard MAG3 diuretic renal scans for ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) by exploring the utility of an alternative measurement P40, the percentage of maximal tracer counts present at 40 minutes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with strong clinical and anatomic evidence for UPJO may have a normal T1/2, making definitive diagnosis difficult. We reviewed the charts of 142 consecutive patients who underwent successful laparoscopic or robotic-assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty for UPJO between 2005 and 2015...
May 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129042/retroperitoneoscopic-one-trocar-assisted-pyeloplasty-in-children-an-age-related-evaluation
#16
Giovanni Cobellis, Fabiano Nino, Francesco Pierangeli, Francesca Mariscoli, Carmine Noviello, Ascanio Martino
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the retroperitoneoscopic one -trocar -assisted pyeloplasty (OTAP) in children of different ages. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical data of all children who underwent OTAP for ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction at our Institution, between 2006 and 2014, were reviewed by focusing on demographics, surgical management, and outcomes. Data were analyzed by dividing patients into three groups according to age at operation: patients younger than 2 years (group 1), between 2 and 6 years (group 2), and older than 6 years (group 3)...
June 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993715/appearance-of-pyelitis-emphysematosa-on-computed-tomography
#17
Todd S Yecies, Brian T Kadow, Stephen V Jackman
Pyelitis emphysematosa is a gas-forming infection characterized by gas located within the wall of the collecting system and renal pelvis. There are only 2 reported cases of pyelitis emphysematosa in the literature, neither of which occurred in the era of cross-sectional imaging. Here we present a case of pyelitis emphysematosa occurring in an elderly female with congenital left renal atrophy and chronic right hydronephrosis secondary to ureteropelvic junction obstruction.
December 16, 2016: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868092/endourologic-diagnosis-and-robotic-treatment-of-a-giant-fibroepithelial-polyp-of-the-ureter
#18
Francesco Cattaneo, Fabio Zattoni, Luca Meggiato, Claudio Valotto, Fabrizio Dal Moro, Marina Paola Gardiman, Paolo Beltrami, Filiberto Zattoni
Background: Fibroepithelial polyps (FEPs) are a rare cause of ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction. Radiologists and urologists are not always confident with this disease because of its rarity, complex diagnosis, and heterogeneity of the available treatment options. Case Presentation: We present the endourologic diagnosis and the robotic management of a ureteral polyp close to the left UPJ. A 16-year-old woman with a 12 years history of left lumbar pain was referred to our Center. A computed tomography scan detected a left hydronephrosis with no signs of obstructions at MAG-3 scintigraphy...
2016: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867849/laparoscopic-transposition-of-lower-pole-crossing-vessels-vascular-hitch-in-children-with-pelviureteric-junction-obstruction
#19
Ciro Esposito, Cosimo Bleve, Maria Escolino, Paolo Caione, Simona Gerocarni Nappo, Alessandra Farina, Maria Grazia Caprio, Mariapina Cerulo, Angela La Manna, Salvatore Fabio Chiarenza
BACKGROUND: Congenital hydronephrosis due to intrinsic or extrinsic uretero-pelvic-junction (UPJ) obstruction (UPJO) is a common problem in childhood UPJO may be caused by intrinsic disorganization or by extrinsic compression from crossing vessels (CV); extrinsic causes usually present symptomatically in older children. This report the large Italian experience in the treatment of children with extrinsic-UPJO by CV. METHODS: We analyzed the data of 51 children (17 girls and 34 boys, median age 10, 7 years) affected by extrinsic-UPJO were treated in three Italian institutions with laparoscopic transposition of CV (Hellström Vascular Hitch modified by Chapman)...
October 2016: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867848/pyeloplasty-techniques-using-minimally-invasive-surgery-mis-in-pediatric-patients
#20
REVIEW
Francesco Turrà, Maria Escolino, Alessandra Farina, Alessandro Settimi, Ciro Esposito, François Varlet
Hydronephrosis is the most common presentation of ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction. We reviewed literature, collecting data from Medline, to evaluate the current status of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) approach to pyeloplasty. Since the first pyeloplasty was described in 1939, several techniques has been applied to correct UPJ obstruction, but Anderson-Hynes dismembered pyeloplasty is established as the gold standard, to date also in MIS technique. According to literature several studies underline the safety and effectiveness of this approach for both trans- and retro-peritoneal routes, with a success rate between 81-100% and an operative time between 90-228 min...
October 2016: Translational pediatrics
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