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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103582/ampk-autophagy-inhibition-sensitizes-icaritin-induced-anti-colorectal-cancer-cell-activity
#1
Chunxian Zhou, Jun Gu, Gang Zhang, Da Dong, Qunying Yang, Min-Bin Chen, Dongfeng Xu
The current research studied the potential effect of autophagy on icaritin-induced anti-colorectal cancer (CRC) cell activity. Treatment of icaritin in both primary and established (HT-29) CRC cells induced feedback activation of autophagy, evidenced by p62 degradation, Beclin-1 and autophagy-related gene-5 (ATG-5) upregulation, as well as light chain 3B (LC3B)-GFP puncta formation. Pharmacological inhibiting of autophagy dramatically potentiated icaritin-induced CRC cell death and apoptosis. Meanwhile, shRNA-mediated knockdown of Beclin-1 or ATG-5 also sensitized icaritin-induced CRC cell death and apoptosis...
January 18, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103576/a-new-model-of-multi-visceral-and-bone-metastatic-prostate-cancer-with-perivascular-niche-targeting-by-a-novel-endothelial-specific-adenoviral-vector
#2
Zhi Hong Lu, Sergey Kaliberov, Rebecca E Sohn, Lyudmila Kaliberova, Yingqiu Du, Julie L Prior, Daniel J Leib, Anne Chauchereau, Jennifer K Sehn, David T Curiel, Jeffrey M Arbeit
While modern therapies for metastatic prostate cancer (PCa) have improved survival they are associated with an increasingly prevalent entity, aggressive variant PCa (AVPCa), lacking androgen receptor (AR) expression, enriched for cancer stem cells (CSCs), and evidencing epithelial-mesenchymal plasticity with a varying extent of neuroendocrine transdifferentiation. Parallel work revealed that endothelial cells (ECs) create a perivascular CSC niche mediated by juxtacrine and membrane tethered signaling. There is increasing interest in pharmacological metastatic niche targeting, however, targeted access has been impossible...
January 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103571/identification-of-aurintricarboxylic-acid-as-a-selective-inhibitor-of-the-tweak-fn14-signaling-pathway-in-glioblastoma-cells
#3
Alison Roos, Harshil D Dhruv, Ian T Mathews, Landon J Inge, Serdar Tuncali, Lauren K Hartman, Donald Chow, Nghia Millard, Holly H Yin, Jean Kloss, Joseph C Loftus, Jeffrey A Winkles, Michael E Berens, Nhan L Tran
The survival of patients diagnosed with glioblastoma (GBM), the most deadly form of brain cancer, is compromised by the proclivity for local invasion into the surrounding normal brain, which prevents complete surgical resection and contributes to therapeutic resistance. Tumor necrosis factor-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK), a member of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) superfamily, can stimulate glioma cell invasion and survival via binding to fibroblast growth factor-inducible 14 (Fn14) and subsequent activation of the transcription factor NF-κB...
January 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103512/protein-o-fucosyltransferase-1-promotes-trophoblast-cell-proliferation-through-activation-of-mapk-and-pi3k-akt-signaling-pathways
#4
Chang Liu, Xiaohua Liang, Jiao Wang, Qin Zheng, Yue Zhao, Muhammad Noman Khan, Shuai Liu, Qiu Yan
Protein O-fucosylation is an important glycosylation modification and plays an important role in embryonic development. Protein O-fucosyltransferase 1 (poFUT1) is an essential enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of protein O-fucosylation. Our previous studies showed that poFUT1 promoted trophoblast cell migration and invasion at the fetal-maternal interface, but the role of poFUT1 in trophoblast cells proliferation remains unclear. Here, immunohistochemistry data showed that poFUT1 and PCNA levels were decreased in abortion patient's trophoblasts compared with women with normal pregnancies...
January 16, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103509/3-5-dihydroxy-3-4-7-trimethoxyflavone-induces-er-stress-associated-hct-116-programmed-cell-death-via-redox-signaling
#5
Mahendra Pal Singh, Jaehong Han, Sun Chul Kang
Quercetin, a well cognized bioactive flavone possessing great medicinal value, has limited usage. The rapid gastrointestinal digestion of quercetin is also a major obstacle for its clinical implementation due to low bioavailability and poor aqueous solubility. 3',5-dihydroxy-3,4',7-trimethoxyflavone (DTMF), a novel semi-synthetic derivative of quercetin, is known to modulate several biological activities. Therefore, in the present study we examined the cytotoxic mechanism of DTMF in concentration-dependent manner (25, 50, and 100μM; 24h) against HCT-116 human colon carcinoma cells...
January 16, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103508/the-mechanism-of-alopolysaccharide-protecting-ulceralive-colitis
#6
Hu Lin, Li Honglang, Li Weifeng, Chen Junmin, Yang Jiantao, Gu Junjing
The aim of this study is to explain the mechanism of alopolysaccharide protecting ulceralive colitis in cells and animal models. We divided this study into two parts: cell and animal research parts. In the cell research, HT-29 cells were divided into normal group, model group, aloe polysacchride group and positive drug group, the cell model was used by tumor necrosis factor- α (TNF-α) combine with LPS, detecting IL-6 concentration of difference groups by Elisa testing, Apoptosis of each group was detected by flow cytometry...
January 16, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103505/hesperetin-protects-against-h2o2-triggered-oxidative-damage-via-upregulation-of-the-keap1-nrf2-ho-1-signal-pathway-in-arpe-19-cells
#7
Chao Zhu, Yuchen Dong, Haile Liu, Hua Ren, Zhihua Cui
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is an irreversible vision loss disease that primarily results from oxidative stress that causes oxidative damage to the retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells. Hesperetin (Hesp) is a common flavanone glycoside compound that has been demonstrated to exhibit a variety of biological and pharmacological properties that include anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. The aim of this study is to explore the ability of Hesp to attenuate oxidative damage in hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-stimulated ARPE-19 cells...
January 16, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103497/host-microbiota-interactions-epigenomic-regulation
#8
REVIEW
Vivienne Woo, Theresa Alenghat
The coevolution of mammalian hosts and their commensal microbiota has led to the development of complex symbiotic relationships between resident microbes and mammalian cells. Epigenomic modifications enable host cells to alter gene expression without modifying the genetic code, and therefore represent potent mechanisms by which mammalian cells can transcriptionally respond, transiently or stably, to environmental cues. Advances in genome-wide approaches are accelerating our appreciation of microbial influences on host physiology, and increasing evidence highlights that epigenomics represent a level of regulation by which the host integrates and responds to microbial signals...
January 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103302/crude-extracts-flavokawain-b-and-alpinetin-compounds-from-the-rhizome-of-alpinia-mutica-induce-cell-death-via-uck2-enzyme-inhibition-and-in-turn-reduce-18s-rrna-biosynthesis-in-ht-29-cells
#9
Ibrahim Malami, Ahmad Bustamam Abdul, Rasedee Abdullah, Nur Kartinee Bt Kassim, Rozita Rosli, Swee Keong Yeap, Peter Waziri, Imaobong Christopher Etti, Muhammad Bashir Bello
Uridine-cytidine kinase 2 is an enzyme that is overexpressed in abnormal cell growth and its implication is considered a hallmark of cancer. Due to the selective expression of UCK2 in cancer cells, a selective inhibition of this key enzyme necessitates the discovery of its potential inhibitors for cancer chemotherapy. The present study was carried out to demonstrate the potentials of natural phytochemicals from the rhizome of Alpinia mutica to inhibit UCK2 useful for colorectal cancer. Here, we employed the used of in vitro to investigate the effectiveness of natural UCK2 inhibitors to cause HT-29 cell death...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103290/involvement-of-ddah-adma-nos-cgmp-and-cox-2-ptgis-camp-pathways-in-human-tissue-kallikrein-1-protecting-erectile-function-in-aged-rats
#10
Kai Cui, Yang Luan, Zhe Tang, Ke Rao, Tao Wang, Zhong Chen, Shaogang Wang, Jihong Liu, Daowen Wang
Our previous studies had reported that Human Tissue Kallikrein 1 (hKLK1) preserved erectile function in aged transgenic rats, while the detailed mechanism of hKLK1 protecting erectile function in aged rats through activation of cGMP and cAMP was not mentioned. To explore the latent mechanism, male wild-type Sprague-Dawley rats (WTR) and transgenic rats harboring the hKLK1 gene (TGR) were fed to 4 and 18 months old and divided into four groups: young WTR (yWTR) as the control, aged WTR (aWTR), aged TGR (aTGR) and aged TGRs with HOE140 (aTGRH)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103279/aristaless-related-homeobox-arx-interacts-with-%C3%AE-catenin-bcl9-and-p300-to-regulate-canonical-wnt-signaling
#11
Il-Taeg Cho, Youngshin Lim, Jeffrey A Golden, Ginam Cho
Mutations in the Aristaless Related Homeobox (ARX) gene are associated with a spectrum of structural (lissencephaly) and functional (epilepsy and intellectual disabilities) neurodevelopmental disorders. How mutations in this single transcription factor can result in such a broad range of phenotypes remains poorly understood. We hypothesized that ARX functions through distinct interactions with specific transcription factors/cofactors to regulate unique target genes in different cell types. To identify ARX interacting proteins, we performed an unbiased proteomics screen and identified several components of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway, including β-catenin (CTNNB1), B-cell CLL/lymphoma 9 (BCL9) and leucine rich repeat flightless interacting protein 2 (LRRFIP2), in cortical progenitor cells...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103257/activation-of-the-jak-stat-signaling-pathway-after-in-vitro-stimulation-with-ifn%C3%A3-in-multiple-sclerosis-patients-according-to-the-therapeutic-response-to-ifn%C3%A3
#12
Isaac Hurtado-Guerrero, Maria Jesús Pinto-Medel, Patricia Urbaneja, Jose Luis Rodriguez-Bada, Antonio León, Miguel Guerrero, Óscar Fernández, Laura Leyva, Begoña Oliver-Martos
Interferon beta (IFNß) is a common treatment used for multiple sclerosis (MS) which acts through the activation of the JAK-STAT pathway. However, this therapy is not always effective and currently there are no reliable biomarkers to predict therapeutic response. We postulate that the heterogeneity in the response to IFNß therapy could be related to differential activation patterns of the JAK-STAT signaling pathway. Our aim was to evaluate the basal levels and the short term activation of this pathway after IFNß stimulation in untreated and IFNß treated patients, as well as according to therapeutic response...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103177/hbxip-a-binding-protein-of-hbx-regulates-maintenance-of-the-g2-m-phase-checkpoint-induced-by-dna-damage-and-enhances-sensitivity-to-doxorubicin-induced-cytotoxicity
#13
Hong-Rong Fei, Yun-Sheng Zhou, Ruo-Tong Li, Ming-Feng Yang, Jian Ma, Feng-Ze Wang
To maintain the integrity of the genome, cells need to detect and repair DNA damage before they complete cell division. Hepatitis B x-interacting protein (HBXIP), a binding protein of HBx (Hepatitis B virus x protein), is aberrantly overexpressed in human cancer cells and show to promote cell proliferation and inhibit apoptosis. The present study is designed to investigate the role of HBXIP on the DNA damage response. Our results show that HBXIP acts as an important regulator of G2/M checkpoint in response to DNA damage...
January 19, 2017: Cell Cycle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102849/berberine-sonodynamic-therapy-induces-autophagy-and-lipid-unloading-in-macrophage
#14
Jiayuan Y Kou, Ying Li, Zhaoyu Y Zhong, Yueqing Q Jiang, Xuesong S Li, Xiaobo B Han, Zhongni N Liu, Ye Tian, Liming M Yang
Impaired autophagy in macrophages accompanies the progression of atherosclerosis and contributes to lipid loading in plaques and ineffective lipid degradation. Therefore, evoking autophagy and its associated cholesterol efflux may provide a therapeutic treatment for atherosclerosis. In the present study, berberine-mediated sonodynamic therapy (BBR-SDT) was used to induce autophagy and cholesterol efflux in THP-1 macrophages and derived foam cells. Following BBR-SDT, autophagy was increased in the macrophages, autophagy resistance in the foam cells was prevented, and cholesterol efflux was induced...
January 19, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102847/curcumin-represses-mouse-3t3-l1-cell-adipogenic-differentiation-via-inhibiting-mir-17-5p-and-stimulating-the-wnt-signalling-pathway-effector-tcf7l2
#15
Lili Tian, Zhuolun Song, Weijuan Shao, William W Du, Lisa R Zhao, Kejing Zeng, Burton B Yang, Tianru Jin
Understanding mechanisms underlying adipogenic differentiation may lead to the discovery of novel therapeutic targets for obesity. Wnt signalling pathway activation leads to repressed adipogenic differentiation while certain microRNAs may regulate pre-adipocyte proliferation and differentiation. We show here that in mouse white adipose tissue, miR-17-5p level is elevated after high fat diet consumption. miR-17-5p upregulates adipogenic differentiation, as its over-expression increased while its inhibition repressed 3T3-L1 differentiation...
January 19, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102846/hepatitis-b-virus-x-protein-promotes-the-stem-like-properties-of-ov6-cancer-cells-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#16
Chao Wang, Ming-da Wang, Peng Cheng, Hai Huang, Wei Dong, Wei-Wei Zhang, Peng-Peng Li, Chuan Lin, Ze-Ya Pan, Meng-Chao Wu, Wei-Ping Zhou
Hepatitis B virus X protein (HBx) and cancer stem-like cells (CSCs) have both been implicated in the occurrence and development of HBV-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, whether HBx contributes to the stem-like properties of OV6(+) CSCs in HCC remains elusive. In this study, we showed that the concomitant expression of HBx and OV6 was closely associated with the clinical outcomes and prognosis of patients with HBV-related HCC. HBx was required for the stem-like properties of OV6(+) liver CSCs, including self-renewal, stem cell-associated gene expression, tumorigenicity and chemoresistance...
January 19, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102840/cancer-associated-fibroblasts-enact-field-cancerization-by-promoting-extratumoral-oxidative-stress
#17
Jeremy Soon Kiat Chan, Ming Jie Tan, Ming Keat Sng, Ziqiang Teo, Terri Phua, Chee Chong Choo, Liang Li, Pengcheng Zhu, Nguan Soon Tan
Histological inspection of visually normal tissue adjacent to neoplastic lesions often reveals multiple foci of cellular abnormalities. This suggests the presence of a regional carcinogenic signal that spreads oncogenic transformation and field cancerization. We observed an abundance of mutagenic reactive oxygen species in the stroma of cryosectioned patient tumor biopsies, indicative of extratumoral oxidative stress. Diffusible hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) was elevated in the conditioned medium of cultured skin epithelia at various stages of oncogenic transformation, and H2O2 production increased with greater tumor-forming and metastatic capacity of the studied cell lines...
January 19, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102839/foot-and-mouth-disease-virus-infection-suppresses-autophagy-and-nf-%C3%B0%C2%BAb-antiviral-responses-via-degradation-of-atg5-atg12-by-3c-pro
#18
Xuxu Fan, Shichong Han, Dan Yan, Yuan Gao, Yanquan Wei, Xiangtao Liu, Ying Liao, Huichen Guo, Shiqi Sun
Autophagy-related protein ATG5-ATG12 is an essential complex for the autophagophore elongation in autophagy, which has been reported to be involved in foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) replication. Previous reports show that ATG5-ATG12 positively or negatively regulates type I interferon (IFN-α/β) pathway during virus infection. In this study, we found that FMDV infection rapidly induced LC3 lipidation and GFP-LC3 subcellular redistribution at the early infection stage in PK-15 cells. Along with infection time course to 2-5 h...
January 19, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102712/bone-morphogenetic-protein-2-and-7-mediate-the-anabolic-function-of-nucleus-pulposus-cells-with-discrete-mechanisms
#19
Victor Yl Leung, Lixiong Zhou, Wai-Kit Tam, Yi Sun, Fengjuan Lv, Guangqian Zhou, Kenneth Mc Cheung
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) play roles in promoting cell anabolism, especially extracellular matrix production. The difference between BMP members in their capacity to modulate intervertebral disc cell activity is yet to be defined. BMP-7/OP-1 has been shown to retard disc degeneration. We compared the activity of BMP-7 with BMP-2 on nucleus pulposus (NP) cell phenotype and function, and investigated how they differentially affect the gene expression profiles of signaling cascade components in human NP cells under degenerative states...
January 19, 2017: Connective Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102581/molecular-mechanisms-and-ecological-function-of-far-red-light-signalling
#20
REVIEW
David J Sheerin, Andreas Hiltbrunner
Land plants possess the ability to sense and respond to far-red light (700-760 nm), which serves as an important environmental cue. Due to the nature of far-red light, it is not absorbed by chlorophyll and thus is enriched in canopy shade, and will also penetrate deeper into soil than other visible wavelengths. Far-red light responses include regulation of seed germination, suppression of hypocotyl growth, induction of flowering, and accumulation of anthocyanins, which depend on one member of the phytochrome photoreceptor family, phytochrome A (phyA)...
January 19, 2017: Plant, Cell & Environment
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