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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231657/-impact-and-changes-of-maternal-hemoglobin-on-birth-weight-in-pregnant-women-of-zhuang-nationality-in-guangxi
#1
J H Chen, X F Guo, S Liu, J H Long, G Q Zhang, M C Huang, X Q Qiu
Objective: To investigate the hemoglobin (Hb) levels during pregnancy and Hb changes from early pregnancy and association with birth weight on infants. Methods: Mothers of Zhuang Nationality who participated in the pregnancy care program and delivered at the Pingguo County Hospital from May 2013 to May 2015 were included in this study. Retrospective analysis was applied to collect data of health care and pregnancy outcomes. Multiple regression analysis and unconditional logistic regression model were used for data analysis...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231427/risk-factors-of-female-breast-cancer-in-vietnam-a-case-control-study
#2
Phuong Dung Yun Trieu, Claudia Mello-Thoms, Jenny K Peat, Thuan Doan Do, Patrick C Brennan
Purpose: Rates of women with breast cancer have increased rapidly in recent years in Vietnam, with over 10,000 new patients contracting the disease every year. This study was conducted to identify demographic, reproductive and lifestyle risk factors for breast cancer in Vietnam. Materials and Methods: Breast density, demographic, reproductive and lifestyle data of 269 women with breast cancer and 519 age-matched controls were collected in the two largest oncology hospitals in Vietnam (one in the north and one in the south)...
February 20, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230674/benefits-of-kangaroo-care-for-premature-babies-continue-into-young-adulthood
#3
Serena Stockwell
Method is now generally part of standard care.
March 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230268/potential-climate-change-health-risks-from-increases-in-heat-waves-abnormal-birth-outcomes-and-adverse-maternal-health-conditions
#4
Gulcan Cil, Trudy Ann Cameron
We investigate the risks presented by heat waves for adverse health conditions for babies and expectant mothers when these mothers have been exposed to heat waves during gestation or during the period just prior to conception. Rather than just birth weight and gestational age, we focus on less common metrics such as abnormal conditions in the newborn (fetal distress, reliance on a ventilator, and meconium aspiration) and adverse health conditions in the mother (pregnancy-related hypertension, uterine bleeding during pregnancy, eclampsia, and incompetent cervix)...
February 23, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230235/seeing-overweight-adults-as-babies-physical-cues-and-implications-for-stigmatization
#5
Anton J M Dijker, Rutger DeLuster, Nicolas Peeters, Nanne K de Vries
Human babies not only are reliable triggers of tender feelings and protective tendencies, they also happen to be exceptionally fat compared to the newborns of most other species. These two facts are used to formulate a hypothesis predicting that overweight males, due to their great physical resemblance to babies, not only are perceived as cute, but also are associated with negatively evaluated traits (e.g., immaturity, lack of willpower) that are saliently inconsistent with traits required for adults. In this study, a great many physical features of adult males varying widely in weight were measured and correlated with subjective judgements...
February 23, 2017: British Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229970/molecular-analysis-of-the-human-faecal-archaea-in-a-southern-indian-population
#6
Sandya B Rani, Ramadass Balamurugan, Balakrishnan S Ramakrishna
Archaea are an important constituent of the human gut microbiota, but there is no information on human gut archaea in an Indian population. In this study, faecal samples were obtained from different age groups (neonatal babies, preschool children, school-going children, adolescents, adults and elderly) of a southern Indian population, and from a tribal population also resident in southern India). 16S rRNA gene sequences specific to Archaea were amplified from pooled faecal DNA in each group, sequenced, and aligned against the NCBI database...
March 2017: Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228908/diagnosis-of-neonatal-neuroblastoma-with-postmortem-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#7
James Davis, Nathan Novotny, Jacqueline Macknis, Zeynep Alpay-Savasan, Luis F Goncalves
Postmortem magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is emerging as a valuable tool to accompany traditional autopsy and has potential for use in cases when traditional autopsy is not possible. This case report will review the use of postmortem MRI with limited tissue sampling to differentiate between metastatic neuroblastoma and hepatoblastoma which could not be clearly differentiated with prenatal ultrasound, prenatal MRI, or emergent postnatal ultrasound. The mother presented to our institution at 27 weeks gestation after an obstetric ultrasound at her obstetrician's office identified a large abdominal mass...
March 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228299/maternal-hyperhomocysteinemia-and-congenital-heart-defects-a-prospective-case-control-study-in-indian-population
#8
Reyaz A Malik, Mohd R Lone, Asif Ahmed, Kaisar A Koul, Rahid R Malla
OBJECTIVE: Very few studies have been conducted in this part of world to identify relation between maternal serum homocysteine levels and congenital heart disease in their offsprings. With this perspective in mind, this study was carried out. METHODS: Fifty women were enrolled in this study. Thirty of these had delivered neonates who were diagnosed to have congenital heart diseases. These were treated as cases. Twenty of these women had delivered neonates who did not have any congenital heart diseases and were treated as controls...
January 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227297/features-of-cerebral-oxygenation-detects-brain-injury-in-premature-infants
#9
John M O'Toole, Mmoloki Kenosi, Daragh Finn, Geraldine B Boylan, Eugene M Dempsey, John M O'Toole, Mmoloki Kenosi, Daragh Finn, Geraldine B Boylan, Eugene M Dempsey, Daragh Finn, Eugene M Dempsey, Mmoloki Kenosi, John M Otoole, Geraldine B Boylan
Babies born prematurely can develop brain injury within days after birth. Early identification of high-risk infants enables appropriate clinical care to mitigate potential lifelong disabilities. Near infra-red spectroscopy is an established technology that can provide continuous measurements of cerebral oxygen saturation (rcSO2) over this critical period. We develop a feature set of the rcSO2 signal for the purpose of detecting brain injury. Our feature set contains amplitude, spectral, and fractal dimension features within 5 frequency bands...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225377/inappropriate-shocks-and-power-delivery-using-adult-automatic-external-defibrillator-pads-in-a-pediatric-patient
#10
Shai Tejman-Yarden, Uriel Katz, Marina Rubinstein, Yehuda Attias, Reem Yahia, David Mishali, Michael Glikson
The use of automatic external defibrillators (AEDs) during pulseless resuscitations is considered safe and reliable, and was established as part of the guidelines in out-of-hospital events. Based on extensive studies, the use of the standard AED is now indicated in every age group with a preference of pediatric pad application for small children and babies. If unavailable, adult pads are recommended. We report a case of 2 inappropriate AED shocks that were delivered to a neonate during a pulseless resuscitation after application of adult pads...
February 21, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225179/frozen-chirality-of-tertiary-aromatic-amides-access-to-enantioenriched-tertiary-%C3%AE-amino-acid-or-amino-alcohol-without-any-chiral-reagent
#11
Thi Thoa Mai, Baby Viswambharan, Didier Gori, Régis Guillot, Jean-Valère Naubron, Cyrille Kouklovsky, Valérie Alezra
One of the fundamental and intriguing aspects of life is the homochirality of the essential molecules. In this field, the absolute asymmetric synthesis of α-amino acids is a major challenge. Herein we report access, by chemical means, to tertiary α-amino acids derivatives in up to 96% ee without using any chiral reagent. In our strategy, the dynamic axial chirality of tertiary aromatic amides is frozen in a crystal and is responsible for the stereoselectivity of the subsequent steps. Furthermore, we are able to control the configuration of the final product by carefully sorting out the initial crystals...
February 22, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224271/the-perfect-womb-promoting-equality-of-fetal-opportunity
#12
Evie Kendal
This paper aims to address how artificial gestation might affect equality of opportunity for the unborn and any resultant generation of "ectogenetic" babies. It will first explore the current legal obstacles preventing the development of ectogenesis, before looking at the benefits of allowing this technology to control fetal growth and development. This will open up a discussion of the treatment/enhancement divide regarding the use of reproductive technologies, a topic featured in various bioethical debates on the subject...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222038/evidence-based-ethically-justified-counseling-for-fetal-bilateral-renal-agenesis
#13
Alana N Thomas, Laurence B McCullough, Frank A Chervenak, Frank X Placencia
BACKGROUND: Not much data are available on the natural history of bilateral renal agenesis, as the medical community does not typically offer aggressive obstetric or neonatal care asbilateral renal agenesis has been accepted as a lethal condition. AIM: To provide an evidence-based, ethically justified approach to counseling pregnant women about the obstetric management of bilateral renal agenesis. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic literature search was performed using multiple databases...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221975/fate-of-listeria-monocytogenes-pathogenic-yersinia-enterocolitica-and-escherichia-coli-o157-h7-gfp-in-ready-to-eat-salad-during-cold-storage-what-is-the-risk-to-consumers
#14
Karin Söderqvist, Susanne Thisted Lambertz, Ivar Vågsholm, Lise-Lotte Fernström, Beatrix Alsanius, Lars Mogren, Sofia Boqvist
In this study, we investigated the fate of Listeria monocytogenes , pathogenic Yersinia enterocolitica , and Escherichia coli O157:H7 gfp(+) inoculated in low numbers into ready-to-eat baby spinach and mixed-ingredient salad (baby spinach with chicken meat). Samples were stored at recommended maximum refrigerator temperature (8°C in Sweden) or at an abuse temperature (15°C) for up to 7 days. Mixed-ingredient salad supported considerable growth when stored at 15°C during shelf life (3 days), with populations of L...
February 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221928/rapid-identification-of-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-o-serogroups-from-fresh-produce-and-raw-milk-enrichment-cultures-by-luminex-bead-based-suspension-array
#15
Julie A Kase, Anna Maounounen-Laasri, Andrew Lin
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration's Bacteriological Analytical Manual (BAM) Chapter 4a describes a Luminex microbead-based suspension array used to screen colonies for 11 clinically relevant Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) serogroups: O26, O45, O91, O103, O104, O111, O113, O121, O128, O145, and O157. We evaluated the usefulness of this method to identify STEC-positive enrichment samples before agar plating. Twelve E. coli strains were added to three types of fresh produce (bagged baby spinach, alfalfa sprouts, and cilantro) at levels near the detection limit of the test...
September 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219933/akt-signalling-as-a-mediator-of-cardiac-adaptation-to-low-birth-weight
#16
Kimberley Cw Wang, Kimberley J Botting, Song Zhang, Caroline McMillen, Doug A Brooks, Janna L Morrison
Intrauterine insults, such as poor nutrition and placental insufficiency, can alter cardiomyocyte development and this can have significant long-term implications for heart health. Consequently, epidemiological studies have shown that low birth weight babies have an increased risk of death from cardiovascular disease in adult life. In addition, intrauterine growth restriction can result in increased left ventricular hypertrophy, which is the strongest predictor for poor health outcomes in cardiac patients. The mechanisms responsible for these associations are not clear, but a suboptimal intrauterine environment can program alternative expression of genes such as cardiac IGF-2/H19, IGF-2R and AT1R through either an increase or decrease in DNA methylation or histone acetylation at specific loci...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219911/triple-negative-breast-cancer-with-brain-metastasis-in-a-pregnant-woman
#17
Francisco Trinca, Mariana Inácio, Teresa Timóteo, Rui Dinis
A woman aged 35 years was diagnosed with triple-negative breast cancer in October 2012. During the investigation, it was discovered that she was pregnant, the patient decided to have an abortion. She was submitted to a radical modified mastectomy and adjuvant chemotherapy followed by adjuvant breast radiotherapy of the left breast. 2 months after the adjuvant treatment, she began to have headaches and dizziness. The cranial MRI (head MRI) showed brain metastasis. She was then treated with whole brain radiotherapy, stereotactic radiosurgery and concomitant temozolomide which resulted in complete response...
February 20, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219265/womb-rentals-and-baby-selling-does-surrogacy-undermine-the-human-dignity-and-rights-of-the-surrogate-mother-and-child
#18
Clara Watson
The question of surrogacy has dominated much of the European human rights agenda over the last two years, at the time writing, the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe hopes to adopt a resolution on surrogacy in the coming months. There is, however, danger in taking action at a supranational level to address the European 'surrogacy problem', without first honestly answering the question: does surrogacy undermine the human dignity and rights of the surrogate mother and child? This paper presents the case that surrogacy, by its nature, necessarily undermines the human dignity of both the woman and child born through such arrangements, and thus neither commercial nor altruistic surrogacy can ever be justified...
November 2016: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218865/occurrence-of-ochratoxin-a-in-infant-foods-in-the-united-states
#19
Jack Cappozzo, Lauren Jackson, Hyun Jung Lee, Wei Zhou, Fadwa Al-Taher, Jerry Zweigenbaum, Dojin Ryu
Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a possible human carcinogen and occurs frequently in cereal grain, soy, and other agricultural commodities. Infants and young children may be more susceptible to contaminants than adults because of their lower body weight, higher metabolic rate, reduced ability to detoxify food toxicants, and more restricted diet. The purpose of this study was to investigate the occurrence and levels of OTA in infant formula and infant cereal products available in the U.S. market. In the present study, 98 powdered infant formula (milk- and soy-based) samples and 155 infant cereal (barley-, rice-, oat-, wheat-, and mixed grain-based) products were collected from different retail locations in the United States over a 2-year period...
February 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217608/guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-in-pregnancy-a-conservatively-managed-case
#20
T N M S Fernando, A M A S Ambanwala, Probhodana Ranaweera, Athula Kaluarachchi
Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is an autoimmune disease. Estimated population incidence ranges from 0.62 to 2.66 cases per 100,000 person-years across all age groups. We report a case of GBS in a 22-year-old primigravida who presented at 36 weeks of the period of gestation (POG), with complaints of bilateral progressive lower limb numbness and weakness for 2 weeks duration. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain was done to exclude other possible causes. Diagnosis of GBS was made according to the Brighton criteria, which our patient falls into Level 2...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
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