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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908901/neonatal-rbc-transfusions-do-benefits-outweigh-risks
#1
REVIEW
Iman F Iskander, Khaled M Salama, Rasha M Gamaleldin, Jerard Seghatchian
Preterm neonates represent one of the most transfused categories of patients. Their target hematocrits, however, are mainly based on expert opinion. The risk of transfusions are very high in the smallest preterm baby with a weak immune response, immature antioxidant ability, fragile germinal matrix and impaired cerebral autoregulation, yet red cell transfusions remain the only life saving measure in the baby with symptomatic anemia. Minimizing phlebotomy losses, following a restrictive transfusion policy and using screened, leukocyte depleted, irradiated, single donor blood remain the best means of avoiding the possible risks while maximizing the benefits of red cell transfusions in the preterm newborn...
May 9, 2018: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908772/first-in-vitro-fertilization-baby-this-is-how-it-happened
#2
REVIEW
Simon Fishel
On July 25, 1978, the first human was born following extracorporeal fertilization, an event that opened up a new medical science: expanding our knowledge of and developing novel treatments for infertility, radically changing the opportunities for families with inherited monogenic disorders, generating the new discipline of clinical embryology, and paving the way for studies into stem cell biology. In vitro fertilization (IVF), as it became known in its simplest form, went even further: it engaged the myriad of minds in human society...
June 13, 2018: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907704/growth-and-body-composition-of-children-aged-2-4-years-after-exposure-to-community-mobilisation-women-s-groups-in-bangladesh
#3
Edward Fottrell, Naveed Ahmed, Badrun Nahar, Sanjit Kumer Shaha, Abdul Kuddus, Carlos S Grijalva-Eternod, Tasmin Nahar, Caroline Fall, Clive Osmond, Virginia Govoni, Sarah Finer, Chittaranjan Yajnik, A K Azad Khan, Anthony Costello, Kishwar Azad, Graham A Hitman
BACKGROUND: Women's groups interventions in Bangladesh reduced neonatal deaths by 38% and improved hygienic delivery, newborn care practices and breast feeding. We explore the longer-term impact of exposure to women's groups during pregnancy on child growth at 2-4 years. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional survey of child anthropometric measures (analysed as z-scores) among children born to women who had participated in the women's groups interventions while pregnant, compared with an age-matched and sex-matched sample of children born to control mothers...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907123/overcoming-heparin-resistance-in-pregnant-women-with-antithrombin-deficiency-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
Panagiotis Tsikouras, Anna Christoforidou, Anastasia Bothou, Dorelia Deuteraiou, Xanthoula Anthoulaki, Anna Chalkidou, Stefanos Zervoudis, Georgios Galazios
BACKGROUND: The risk of thromboembolic events during pregnancy in patients with antithrombin deficiency is increased. Preventing thromboembolic events during pregnancy in the case of antithrombin deficiency is still a matter of concern. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of a 19-year-old primigravida Greek Pomak woman, who was diagnosed as having congenital antithrombin deficiency. She had a history of recurrent miscarriages and a family history of thrombosis...
June 16, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907074/blue-baby-with-a-red-perineum
#5
Margaret W Moreland, Claudiu Faraon-Pogaceanu, Linda S Nield
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906633/graph-theoretical-modeling-of-baby-brain-networks
#6
REVIEW
Tengda Zhao, Yuehua Xu, Yong He
The human brain undergoes explosive growth during the prenatal period and the first few postnatal years, establishing an early infrastructure for the later development of behaviors and cognitions. Revealing the developmental rules during the early phrase is essential in understanding the emergence of brain function and the origin of developmental disorders. The graph-theoretical network modeling in combination with multiple neuroimaging probes provides an important research framework to explore early development of the topological wiring and organizational paradigms of the brain...
June 12, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906263/maternal-peripartum-serum-ddt-e-and-urinary-pyrethroid-metabolite-concentrations-and-child-infections-at-2-years-in-the-vhembe-birth-cohort
#7
Jonathan Huang, Brenda Eskenazi, Riana Bornman, Stephen Rauch, Jonathan Chevrier
BACKGROUND: Indoor residual spraying (IRS) of insecticides, conducted in low- and middle-income countries to control malaria, may result in high exposure to dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), its breakdown product dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE), or pyrethroids. Animal studies suggest in utero exposure to these chemicals may increase childhood infection frequency. OBJECTIVES: We investigated associations between maternal DDT/E and pyrethroid metabolite concentration and child infection associations in an IRS setting in which susceptibility factors are common and infections are leading causes of child morbidity and mortality...
June 2018: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904606/starting-the-conversation-community-perspectives-on-preterm-birth-and-kangaroo-mother-care-in-southern-malawi
#8
Megan Lydon, Monica Longwe, Dyson Likomwa, Victoria Lwesha, Lydia Chimtembo, Pamela Donohue, Tanya Guenther, Bina Valsangar
Background: Despite introduction of Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) in Malawi over a decade ago, preterm birth remains the leading cause of neonatal mortality. Although KMC is initiated in the health care facility, robust community follow-up is critical for survival and optimal development of preterm and low birth weight infants post-discharge. The objective of this qualitative study was to gain insight into community and health worker understanding, attitudes, beliefs and practices around preterm and low birth weight babies and KMC in Malawi...
June 2018: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904315/nontypical-salmonella-meningitis-in-an-infant
#9
Thuy-My N Truong, Taryn N McGilvery, Tove M Goldson, Samuel N Forjuoh
A previously healthy 3-month-old girl was admitted to the hospital after 1 day of fever, decreased oral intake, irritability, lethargy, and decreased activity. Examination disclosed a bulging anterior fontanelle, tachycardia (heart rate of 160 beats/minute), and urate crystals in her diaper. Lumbar puncture revealed meningitis. She was treated with broad-spectrum antibiotics and fluids. A urine culture was negative, but blood and cerebrospinal fluid cultures came back positive for Salmonella species, nontyphoid...
July 2018: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904223/prevalence-of-asymptomatic-zika-virus-infection-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Michelle M Haby, Mariona Pinart, Vanessa Elias, Ludovic Reveiz
Objective: To conduct a systematic review to estimate the prevalence of asymptomatic Zika virus infection in the general population and in specific population groups. Methods: We searched PubMed®, Embase® and LILACS online databases from inception to 26 January 2018. We included observational epidemiological studies where laboratory testing was used to confirm positive exposure of participants to Zika virus and in which Zika virus symptom status was also recorded...
June 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903952/babies-who-dodge-hiv-may-not-be-unscathed
#11
Jon Cohen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2018: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903790/pathways-linking-socioeconomic-status-to-small-for-gestational-age-sga-infants-among-primiparae-a-birth-cohort-study-in-china
#12
Xiu Luo, Lingfei Liu, Huaiting Gu, Fang Hou, Xinyan Xie, Xin Li, Heng Meng, Jiajia Zhang, Shunqing Xu, Ranran Song
OBJECTIVES: Evidence about the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants was insufficient among Chinese primiparae. In addition, factors that may mediate this relationship are poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to investigate the risk of and mediators between SES and SGA. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Wuhan, Hubei, China. METHOD: Participants were recruited from patients who gave birth in the maternity care hospital of Wuhan between September 2012 and October 2014...
June 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903226/-occurrences-of-mycotoxins-in-human-breast-milk-in-15-provinces-in-china-in-2011
#13
Nannan Qiu, Chunli Deng, Shuang Zhou, Yunfeng Zhao, Shuo Zhang, Yongning Wu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate contamination levels of 10 mycotoxins in human breast milk from 15 provinces in China. METHODS: The human milk breast samples were collected from 15 provinces in China by aid of the second National Breast Milk Survey. After the pooled samples were made, concentrations of 10 main mycotoxins in breast milk pooled samples were measured by a UPLC-MS/MS with isotope dilution. RESULTS: aflatoxins B_1, aflatoxins M_1, deoxynivalenol, deepoxydeoxynivalenol, fumonisin B1 and fumonisin B2 were detected in breast milk samples of some provinces, while zearalenone, α-zearalenol, β-zearalenol and ochratoxin A were not detected in all the samples...
January 2018: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903178/-breast-milk-composition-and-influencing-factors-of-the-han-bai-and-dai-nationalities-in-yunnan-province-in-2011-2012
#14
Jiang Zhao, Rong Wan, Zhitao Liu, Xiangdong Min, Qingqing Wan, Qiang Zhang, Yuan Ruan, Tongjian Cai
OBJECTIVE: Analysis of breast milk composition and influencing factors of the Han, Bai and Dai nationalities in Yunnan Province from 2010 to 2012. METHODS: To choose two typical ethnic minorities-Bai and Dai in Yunnan province with high density of minorities population by using cross-sectional survey and multi-stage cluster sampling. 1053 aged 0-9 month babies and their healthy mothers with the first delivery of Dai, Bai and Han were selected as samples from Heqing county of Dali and Xishuangbanna city where most population were Bai and Dai people...
July 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902989/adversities-and-mental-health-needs-of-pregnant-adolescents-in-kenya-identifying-interpersonal-practical-and-cultural-barriers-to-care
#15
Judith Osok, Pius Kigamwa, Keng-Yen Huang, Nancy Grote, Manasi Kumar
BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancies present a great public health burden in Kenya and Sub-Saharan Africa (UNFPA, Motherhood in Childhood: Facing the challenge of Adolescent Pregnancy, 2013). The disenfranchisement from public institutions and services is further compounded by cultural stigma and gender inequality creating emotional, psychosocial, health, and educational problems in the lives of vulnerable pregnant adolescents (Int J Adolesc Med Health 15(4):321-9, 2003; BMC Public Health 8:83, 2008)...
June 15, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902986/unhealthy-food-and-non-alcoholic-beverage-advertising-on-children-s-youth-and-family-free-to-air-and-digital-television-programmes-in-thailand
#16
Nongnuch Jaichuen, Stefanie Vandevijvere, Bridget Kelly, Vuthiphan Vongmongkol, Sirinya Phulkerd, Viroj Tangcharoensathien
BACKGROUND: Food advertising is a key factor which influences children's food preferences. This study assessed the rates, nutritional quality and contents of food and beverage advertising in children's, youth and family television programmes in Thailand. METHODS: Free TV was recorded for two weeks in March 2014 from six to ten am and three to eight pm on weekends and three to eight pm on weekdays across all four channels; a total of 344 h recorded. Digital TV was recorded across three channels for one week for 24 h per day in October 2014; a total 504 h recorded...
June 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902638/correlations-between-physical-and-ultrasound-findings-in-congenital-clubfoot-at-birth
#17
Antoine Josse, Bernard Fraisse, Sylvette Marleix, Catherine Tréguier, Servane Le Lez Soquet, Kamal Chouklati, Pierre Darnault, Marianne Roche, Grégory Lucas, Philippe Violas
BACKGROUND: At birth, clinical classifications are the only available tools for evaluating the severity of congenital clubfoot. Ultrasound provides an assessment of the anatomical abnormalities. The objective of this study was to assess correlations between physical and ultrasound findings at birth. HYPOTHESIS: Physical and ultrasonography provide different findings in congenital clubfoot and should therefore be used in conjunction. MATERIAL AND METHOD: 145 clubfeet in 108 patients born between 2006 and 2010 were included in a retrospective study...
June 11, 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902184/factors-associated-with-uptake-of-influenza-and-pertussis-vaccines-among-pregnant-women-in-south-australia
#18
Hassen Mohammed, Michelle Clarke, Ann Koehler, Maureen Watson, Helen Marshall
BACKGROUND: Maternal immunization is an effective strategy to protect pregnant women and their infants from vaccine-preventable diseases. Despite the recommendation of maternal influenza and more recently pertussis immunization in Australia, uptake of these vaccines has been suboptimal. A midwife delivered immunization program for pregnant women at the Women's and Children's Hospital in South Australia commenced in April 2015. Monitoring the uptake of the current funded vaccine programs for pregnant women is limited...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901550/pureed-fruit-pouches-for-babies-child-health-under-squeeze
#19
Berthold Koletzko, Nathali Lehmann Hirsch, Jo Martin Jewell, Margherita Caroli, Joao Rodrigues Da Silva Breda, Martin Weber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901457/cystic-intestinal-pneumatosis-of-the-small-gut-etiopathogenesis-and-review-of-literature
#20
Luca Napolitano, Mathew Waku, Gustavo Maggi, Franco Ciarelli
Cystic intestinal pneumatosis (CIP) is the presence of gas bubbles inside the wall of the intestine. In literature it has been reported to be associated with a variety of clinical conditions such as: superior mesenteric ischemia, intestinal perforation, bowel necrosis, infections which can cause mucosal alterations and therefore increasing its permeability, necrotizing enterocolitis in babies, trauma, intestinal obstruction, autoimmune and pulmonary pathologies. Its presence is usually documented by radiological techniques such as abdominal X-ray, CT scan and endoscopy and are usually characterized by the typical pattern of gas bubbles in the wall of the intestine...
March 19, 2018: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
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