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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677412/gunderkids-design-of-a-clinical-care-management-program-for-parents-with-substance-abuse-and-their-newborn-children-with-a-focus-on-preventing-child-abuse
#1
Ann E Budzak-Garza, Allison L Allmon Dixson, Renee A Holzer, Kaitlin E Lillard-Pierce, Carolynn J Devine
BACKGROUND: In response to an increased need to care for babies born to mothers with substance abuse issues, we developed GunderKids, a care management program that provides integrated medical care beyond standard-of-care, well-child appointments for these socially complex families. METHODS: The program incorporates frequent visits to the pediatrician and the care team, which includes pediatric nurses, a pediatric social worker, and a child psychologist. Enrollment is voluntary...
March 2018: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677187/breastfeeding-during-infancy-and-neurocognitive-function-in-adolescence-16-year-follow-up-of-the-probit-cluster-randomized-trial
#2
Seungmi Yang, Richard M Martin, Emily Oken, Mikhail Hameza, Glen Doniger, Shimon Amit, Rita Patel, Jennifer Thompson, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Konstantin Vilchuck, Natalia Bogdanovich, Michael S Kramer
BACKGROUND: Evidence on the long-term effect of breastfeeding on neurocognitive development is based almost exclusively on observational studies. In the 16-year follow-up study of a large, cluster-randomized trial of a breastfeeding promotion intervention, we evaluated the long-term persistence of the neurocognitive benefits of the breastfeeding promotion intervention previously observed at early school age. METHODS AND FINDINGS: A total of 13,557 participants (79...
April 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676928/effect-of-reflexology-on-infantile-colic
#3
Sibel Icke, Rabia Genc
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the effect of reflexology on infantile colic. DESIGN: A total of 64 babies with colic were included in this study (n = 31: study group; n = 33: control group). Following a pediatrician's diagnosis, two groups (study and control) were created. Sociodemographic data (including mother's age, educational status, and smoking habits of parents) and medical history of the baby (including gender, birth weight, mode of delivery, time of the onset breastfeeding after birth, and nutrition style) were collected...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676342/audit-of-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-programme-interventions-in-hiv-exposed-children-at-national-hospital-abuja-nigeria
#4
Mariya Mukhtar-Yola, Adekunle Tolulope Otuneye, Amsa Baba Mairami, Yewande Wey, Vincent Nwatah, Lamidi Isah Audu
Background: Ninety percentage of children acquire human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in the form of Mother-to-child Transmission (MTCT). In the absence of interventions, transmission rates range from 15% to 45%. This can be reduced to below 5% with effective interventions. The last published national guideline (NG) on prevention of MTCT (PMTCT) was in 2010. Clinical audits are essential in improving the quality of care delivered to patients. Objectives: The study objectives were to determine the rate of MTCT of HIV in exposed infants at a follow-up clinic between 2011 and 2014 and to determine the level of adherence to 2010 NG on the use of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing, feeding options, antiretroviral (ARV) prophylaxis and the use of co-trimoxazole (CTZ)...
January 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676230/insights-into-the-molecular-aspects-of-neuroprotective-bacoside-a-and-bacopaside-i
#5
Vini C Sekhar, Gayathri Viswanathan, Sabulal Baby
Bacopa monnieri, commonly known as Brahmi, has been extensively used as a neuromedicine for various disorders such as anxiety, depression and memory loss. Chemical characterization studies revealed the major active constituents of the herb as the triterpenoid saponins, bacosides. Bacoside A, the vital neuroprotective constituent, is composed of four constituents viz., bacoside A3, bacopaside II, jujubogenin isomer of bacopasaponin C (bacopaside X) and bacopasaponin C. B. monnieri extracts as well as bacosides successfully establish a healthy antioxidant environment in various tissues especially in liver and brain...
April 19, 2018: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675812/a-new-venous-entry-detection-method-based-on-electrical-bio-impedance-sensing
#6
Zhuoqi Cheng, Brian L Davies, Darwin G Caldwell, Leonardo S Mattos
Peripheral intravenous catheterization (PIVC) is frequently required for various medical treatments. Over 1 billion PIVC operations are performed per year in the United States alone. However, this operation is characterized by a very low success rate, especially amongst pediatric patients. Statistics show that only 53% of first PIVC attempts are successful in pediatric patients. Since their veins are small and readily rupture, multiple attempts are commonly required before successfully inserting the catheter into the vein...
April 19, 2018: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675067/making-pediatric-neuroanesthesia-safer
#7
REVIEW
Neelakshi Kalita, Amna Goswami, Parthasarathi Goswami
It a challenging task for a Neuroanaesthetist to do the tight rope walking of maintaining the homeostasis of the small baby and at the same time complying with to the demands of the surgery and the surgeon. With the advancement of surgical techniques and availability of safer anaesthetic drugs and equipments it is possible to provide anaesthesia to even premature babies. This article gives a comprehensive review of the anatomical and physiological differences between the adult and the pediatric population and the anaesthetic implications of the various neurosurgical disorders...
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674396/laparoscopic-management-of-an-internal-hernia-in-a-pregnant-woman-with-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#8
Umashankkar Kannan, Ranjan Gupta, Brian F Gilchrist, Venkata N Kella
Management of abdominal pain in a pregnant patient with a history of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass presents unique challenges. A misdiagnosis or delay in management can result in lethal maternal-fetal outcomes. We present a 30-year-old woman at 21 weeks of pregnancy presented with abdominal pain. She had a history of laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass performed 3 years earlier. The clinical examination was remarkable for epigastric pain and tenderness. The vital signs and laboratory examinations were unremarkable...
April 19, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674313/key-lessons-and-impact-of-the-growing-healthy-mhealth-program-on-milk-feeding-timing-of-introduction-of-solids-and-infant-growth-quasi-experimental-study
#9
Rachel A Laws, Elizabeth A Denney-Wilson, Sarah Taki, Catherine G Russell, Miaobing Zheng, Eloise-Kate Litterbach, Kok-Leong Ong, Sharyn J Lymer, Rosalind Elliott, Karen J Campbell
BACKGROUND: The first year of life is an important window to initiate healthy infant feeding practices to promote healthy growth. Interventions delivered by mobile phone (mHealth) provide a novel approach for reaching parents; however, little is known about the effectiveness of mHealth for child obesity prevention. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the feasibility and effectiveness of an mHealth obesity prevention intervention in terms of reach, acceptability, and impact on key infant feeding outcomes...
April 19, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674189/maternal-pre-eclampsia-and-long-term-offspring-health-is-there-a-shadow-cast
#10
REVIEW
Sarah M Goffin, José G B Derraik, Katie M Groom, Wayne S Cutfield
Pre-eclampsia is a common pregnancy disorder with important short-term complications for mother and baby. Evidence suggests pre-eclampsia also has implications for the mother beyond pregnancy, as well as long-term effects on offspring health. Limited research has linked pre-eclampsia with changes in offspring blood pressure, BMI, and stroke risk. Underpinning mechanisms are poorly understood, but developmental programming may be involved. Research in this area has been hindered by difficulties in defining pre-eclampsia and problems with study design...
February 7, 2018: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673875/intervention-strategies-to-improve-nutrition-and-health-behaviours-before-conception
#11
REVIEW
Mary Barker, Stephan U Dombrowski, Tim Colbourn, Caroline H D Fall, Natasha M Kriznik, Wendy T Lawrence, Shane A Norris, Gloria Ngaiza, Dilisha Patel, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Falko F Sniehotta, Régine Steegers-Theunissen, Christina Vogel, Kathryn Woods-Townsend, Judith Stephenson
The nutritional status of both women and men before conception has profound implications for the growth, development, and long-term health of their offspring. Evidence of the effectiveness of preconception interventions for improving outcomes for mothers and babies is scarce. However, given the large potential health return, and relatively low costs and risk of harm, research into potential interventions is warranted. We identified three promising strategies for intervention that are likely to be scalable and have positive effects on a range of health outcomes: supplementation and fortification; cash transfers and incentives; and behaviour change interventions...
April 16, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673675/the-association-between-in-vitro-fertilization-outcome-and-the-inflammatory-markers-of-complete-blood-count-among-nonobese-unexplained-infertile-couples
#12
Esra Nur Tola
OBJECTIVE(S): The purpose of our study was to evaluate whether the inflammatory parameters of complete blood count (CBC), including white blood cell (WBC), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio (PLR), and mean platelet volume (MPV), had potential roles in the etiopathogenesis of unexplained infertility (UI) among nonobese women. We also aimed to investigate whether there could be an association between these markers and in vitro fertilization (IVF) success among nonobese women with UI...
April 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673331/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-preterm-birth-at-kenyatta-national-hospital
#13
Peter Wagura, Aggrey Wasunna, Ahmed Laving, Dalton Wamalwa, Paul Ng'ang'a
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization estimates the prevalence of preterm birth to be 5-18% across 184 countries of the world. Statistics from countries with reliable data show that preterm birth is on the rise. About a third of neonatal deaths are directly attributed to prematurity and this has hindered the achievement of Millennium Development Goal-4 target. Locally, few studies have looked at the prevalence of preterm delivery and factors associated with it. This study determined the prevalence of preterm birth and the factors associated with preterm delivery at Kenyatta National Hospital in Nairobi, Kenya...
April 19, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672696/infant-abuse-diagnosis-associated-with-abusive-head-trauma-criteria-incidence-increase-due-to-overdiagnosis
#14
Ulf Högberg, Erik Lampa, Göran Högberg, Peter Aspelin, Fredrik Serenius, Ingemar Thiblin
Background: The hypothesis of this study is that the diagnosis of infant abuse is associated with criteria for shaken baby syndrome (SBS)/abusive head trauma (AHT), and that that changes in incidence of abuse diagnosis in infants may be due to increased awareness of SBS/AHT criteria. Methods: This was a population-based register study. Setting: Register study using the Swedish Patient Register, Medical Birth Register, and Cause of Death Register. The diagnosis of infant abuse was based on the International Classification of Diseases, 9th and 10th revision...
April 17, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671815/factors-influencing-parental-engagement-in-an-early-childhood-obesity-prevention-program-implemented-at-scale-the-infant-program
#15
Penelope Love, Rachel Laws, Eloise Litterbach, Karen J Campbell
The ‘early years’ is a crucial period for the prevention of childhood obesity. Health services are well placed to deliver preventive programs to families, however, they usually rely on voluntary attendance, which is challenging given low parental engagement. This study explored factors influencing engagement in the Infant Program : a group-based obesity prevention program facilitated by maternal and child health nurses within first-time parent groups. Six 1.5 h sessions were delivered at three-month intervals when the infants were 3⁻18 months...
April 19, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670996/comparison-of-caesarean-sections-and-instrumental-deliveries-at-full-cervical-dilatation-a-retrospective-review
#16
Pei Shan Tan, Jarrod Kah Hwee Tan, Eng Loy Tan, Lay Kok Tan
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to compare instrumental vaginal deliveries (IDs) and Caesarean sections (CSs) performed at full cervical dilatation, including factors influencing delivery and differences in maternal and neonatal outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients who experienced prolonged second stage of labour at Singapore General Hospital from 2010 to 2012 was conducted. A comparison between CS and ID was made through the analysis of maternal/neonatal characteristics and peripartum outcomes...
April 19, 2018: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670758/remote-biomonitoring-of-temperatures-in-mothers-and-newborns-design-development-and-testing-of-a-wearable-sensor-device-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-southern-india
#17
Prem K Mony, Prashanth Thankachan, Swarnarekha Bhat, Suman Rao, Maryann Washington, Sumi Antony, Annamma Thomas, Sheela C Nagarajarao, Hiteshwar Rao, Bharadwaj Amrutur
Objective: Newer technologies such as wearables, sensors, mobile telephony and computing offer opportunities to monitor vital physiological parameters and tackle healthcare problems, thereby improving access and quality of care. We describe the design, development and testing of a wearable sensor device for remote biomonitoring of body temperatures in mothers and newborns in southern India. Methods: Based on client needs and technological requirements, a wearable sensor device was designed and developed using principles of 'social innovation' design...
April 2018: BMJ Innovations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669647/making-dreams-not-babies-the-power-of-hope-in-a-teen-family-planning-clinic
#18
Kimberly Raines
Teenage pregnancy is a signifi cant social issue in the United States, resulting in increased levels of poverty. Most public health family planning efforts have traditionally focused on teaching teens the how-to of contraception, with little focus on teaching the why-to. During my time as a nurse practitioner in a public health department family planning clinic, I developed a method to open discussions with patients about the possibilities of a future that includes delayed childbearing. My experience with this strategy taught me that hope may indeed be the most powerful contraceptive of all...
April 1, 2018: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669642/the-nurse-philanthropist-where-care-and-cause-meet
#19
Najah Bazzy
A transcultural clinical nurse specialist narrates how nursing has provided ways to exercise her passion for the clinical intellect as it intersects with the compassion of the heart. She encourages nurses to become social justice entrepreneurs, or what she terms Nurse Philanthropists, devoting time, talent, and energy to social justice issues as activists, advocates, and ambassadors. Florence Nightingale was the first Nurse Philanthropist, using wealth she inherited to establish St. Thomas Hospital in London...
April 1, 2018: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669527/-i-didn-t-think-you-were-allowed-that-they-didn-t-mention-that-a-qualitative-study-exploring-women-s-perceptions-of-home-birth
#20
Jo Naylor Smith, Beck Taylor, Karen Shaw, Alistair Hewison, Sara Kenyon
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that home birth is as safe as hospital birth for low risk multiparous women, and is associated with reduced intervention rates and increased rates of normal birth. However the home birth rate in the UK is low, and few women choose this option. The aims of this study were to identify what influences multiparous women's choice of birth place, and to explore their views of home birth. METHODS: Five focus groups were conducted with multiparous women (n = 28) attending mother and baby groups in a city in the UK with a diverse multi-ethnic population...
April 18, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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