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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667019/what-is-new-in-heart-failure-management-in-2017-update-on-acc-aha-heart-failure-guidelines
#1
REVIEW
Biykem Bozkurt
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The goal of this paper is to provide a summary of the new recommendations in the most recent 2017 ACC/AHA/HFSA Focused Update of the 2013 ACCF/AHA Guideline for the Management of Heart Failure: A Report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Clinical Practice Guidelines and the Heart Failure Society of America. The intent is to provide the background and the supporting evidence for the recommendations and to provide practical guidance for management strategies in treatment of heart failure patients...
April 17, 2018: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665072/an-update-on-canine-cardiomyopathies-is-it-all-in-the-genes
#2
REVIEW
E Dutton, J López-Alvarez
Dilated cardiomyopathy is the second most common cardiac disease in dogs and causes considerable morbidity and mortality. Primary dilated cardiomyopathy is suspected to be familial, and genetic loci have been associated with the disease in a number of breeds. Because it is an adult-onset disease, usually with late onset, testing breeding dogs and bitches before breeding for a genetic mutation that could lead to dilated cardiomyopathy would be helpful to prevent disease. There is growing evidence that the genetic basis may be multigenic rather than monogenic in the majority of studied breeds...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594964/cvit-expert-consensus-document-on-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-pci-for-acute-myocardial-infarction-ami-in-2018
#3
REVIEW
Yukio Ozaki, Yuki Katagiri, Yoshinobu Onuma, Tetsuya Amano, Takashi Muramatsu, Ken Kozuma, Satoru Otsuji, Takafumi Ueno, Nobuo Shiode, Kazuya Kawai, Nobuhiro Tanaka, Kinzo Ueda, Takashi Akasaka, Keiichi Igarashi Hanaoka, Shiro Uemura, Hirotaka Oda, Yoshiaki Katahira, Kazushige Kadota, Eisho Kyo, Katsuhiko Sato, Tadaya Sato, Junya Shite, Koichi Nakao, Masami Nishino, Yutaka Hikichi, Junko Honye, Tetsuo Matsubara, Sumio Mizuno, Toshiya Muramatsu, Taku Inohara, Shun Kohsaka, Ichiro Michishita, Hiroyoshi Yokoi, Patrick W Serruys, Yuji Ikari, Masato Nakamura
While primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has significantly contributed to improve the mortality in patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction even in cardiogenic shock, primary PCI is a standard of care in most of Japanese institutions. Whereas there are high numbers of available facilities providing primary PCI in Japan, there are no clear guidelines focusing on procedural aspect of the standardized care. Whilst updated guidelines for the management of acute myocardial infarction were recently published by European Society of Cardiology, the following major changes are indicated; (1) radial access and drug-eluting stent over bare metal stent were recommended as Class I indication, and (2) complete revascularization before hospital discharge (either immediate or staged) is now considered as Class IIa recommendation...
March 29, 2018: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578921/updated-clinical-indications-for-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-in-patients-with-severe-aortic-stenosis-expert-opinion-of-the-italian-society-of-cardiology-and-gise
#4
Ciro Indolfi, Antonio L Bartorelli, Sergio Berti, Paolo Golino, Giovanni Esposito, Giuseppe Musumeci, Sonia Petronio, Corrado Tamburino, Giuseppe Tarantini, Gianpaolo Ussia, Corrado Vassanelli, Carmen Spaccarotella, Roberto Violini, Giuseppe Mercuro, Francesco Romeo
: The introduction of percutaneous treatment of severe aortic stenosis with transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) remains one of the greatest achievements of interventional cardiology. In fact, TAVI emerged as a better option than either medical therapy or balloon aortic valvuloplasty for patients who cannot undergo surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) or are at high surgical risk. Recently, increased operator experience and improved device systems have led to a worldwide trend toward the extension of TAVI to low-risk or intermediate-risk patients...
May 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561945/positron-emission-tomography-magnetic-resonance-imaging-pet-mri-an-update-and-initial-experience-at-hc-fmusp
#5
Marcelo A Queiroz, Felipe de Galiza Barbosa, Carlos Alberto Buchpiguel, Giovanni Guido Cerri
The new technology of PET/MRI is a prototype of hybrid imaging, allowing for the combination of molecular data from PET scanning and morphofunctional information derived from MRI scanning. Recent advances regarding the technical aspects of this device, especially after the development of MRI-compatible silicon photomultipliers of PET, permitted an increase in the diagnostic performance of PET/MRI translated into dose reduction and higher imaging quality. Among several clinical applications, PET/MRI gains ground initially in oncology, where MRI per se plays an essential role in the assessment of primary tumors (which is limited in the case of PET/CT), including prostate, rectal and gynecological tumors...
January 2018: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544420/select-abstracts-from-cardiology-2018-21st-update-on-pediatric-and-congenital-cardiovascular-disease-scottsdale-arizona-usa-february-21-25-2018-organized-by-children-s-hospital-of-philadelphia
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531767/comprehensive-update-on-the-new-indications-for-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-in-the-latest-2017-european-guidelines-for-the-management-of-valvular-heart-disease
#7
REVIEW
Tasalak Thonghong, Ole De Backer, Lars Søndergaard
New European guidelines on the management of valvular heart disease-supported by the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) and European Association of CardioThoracic Surgery (EACTS)-were recently published. Although these guidelines are very comprehensive, these typically are not very inviting to read. In this document, we aimed to distil all the information about transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in the new 2017 ESC/EACTS guidelines to the essential and give additional comments on the position of TAVR in 2017...
2018: Open Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521073/telemedicine-and-ehealth-in-poland-from-1995-to-2015
#8
REVIEW
Wojciech M Glinkowski, Maria Karlińska, Michał Karliński, Elizabeth A Krupiński
The aim of this study is to present a review based on the literature and proceedings from selected telemedicine conferences. The review was developed using the PRISMA framework. The Embase and PubMed (updated until July 13, 2015) literature databases were searched for telemedicine-related terms and Poland. The literature search identified 129 eligible articles in the databases and 85 in conference proceedings until July 2015. Articles measured as a number of contributions per year presented a similar rising, fluctuating and almost parallel pattern...
February 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519377/a-multidisciplinary-approach-on-the-perioperative-antithrombotic-management-of-patients-with-coronary-stents-undergoing-surgery-surgery-after-stenting-2
#9
REVIEW
Roberta Rossini, Giuseppe Tarantini, Giuseppe Musumeci, Giulia Masiero, Emanuele Barbato, Paolo Calabrò, Davide Capodanno, Sergio Leonardi, Maddalena Lettino, Ugo Limbruno, Alberto Menozzi, U O Alfredo Marchese, Francesco Saia, Marco Valgimigli, Walter Ageno, Anna Falanga, Antonio Corcione, Alessandro Locatelli, Marco Montorsi, Diego Piazza, Andrea Stella, Antonio Bozzani, Alessandro Parolari, Roberto Carone, Dominick J Angiolillo
Perioperative management of antithrombotic therapy in patients treated with coronary stents undergoing surgery remains poorly defined. Importantly, surgery represents a common reason for premature treatment discontinuation, which is associated with an increased risk in mortality and major adverse cardiac events. However, maintaining antithrombotic therapy to minimize the incidence of perioperative ischemic complications may increase the risk of bleeding complications. Although guidelines provide some recommendations with respect to the perioperative management of antithrombotic therapy, these have been largely developed according to the thrombotic risk of the patient and a definition of the hemorrhagic risk specific to each surgical procedure, key to defining the trade-off between ischemia and bleeding, is not provided...
March 12, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490922/living-network-meta-analysis-compared-with-pairwise-meta-analysis-in-comparative-effectiveness-research-empirical-study
#10
REVIEW
Adriani Nikolakopoulou, Dimitris Mavridis, Toshi A Furukawa, Andrea Cipriani, Andrea C Tricco, Sharon E Straus, George C M Siontis, Matthias Egger, Georgia Salanti
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether the continuous updating of networks of prospectively planned randomised controlled trials (RCTs) ("living" network meta-analysis) provides strong evidence against the null hypothesis in comparative effectiveness of medical interventions earlier than the updating of conventional, pairwise meta-analysis. DESIGN: Empirical study of the accumulating evidence about the comparative effectiveness of clinical interventions. DATA SOURCES: Database of network meta-analyses of RCTs identified through searches of Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews until 14 April 2015...
February 28, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475527/2018-canadian-cardiovascular-society-canadian-association-of-interventional-cardiology-focused-update-of-the-guidelines-for-the-use-of-antiplatelet-therapy
#11
Shamir R Mehta, Kevin R Bainey, Warren J Cantor, Marie Lordkipanidzé, Guillaume Marquis-Gravel, Simon D Robinson, Matthew Sibbald, Derek Y So, Graham C Wong, Joseph G Abunassar, Margaret L Ackman, Alan D Bell, Raymond Cartier, James D Douketis, Patrick R Lawler, Michael S McMurtry, Jacob A Udell, Sean van Diepen, Subodh Verma, G B John Mancini, John A Cairns, Jean-François Tanguay
Antiplatelet therapy (APT) has become an important tool in the treatment and prevention of atherosclerotic events, particularly those associated with coronary artery disease. A large evidence base has evolved regarding the relationship between APT prescription in various clinical contexts and risk/benefit relationships. The Guidelines Committee of the Canadian Cardiovascular Society and Canadian Association of Interventional Cardiology publishes regular updates of its recommendations, taking into consideration the most recent clinical evidence...
March 2018: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406945/heart-failure-optimizing-recognition-and-management-in-outpatient-settings
#12
REVIEW
Brian E Neubauer, Jeffery T Gray, Brian A Hemann
Heart failure represents a growing chronic medical condition with major implications on patient morbidity, mortality, and cost to health care systems. In this article, the heart failure syndrome is reviewed from a perspective of diagnosis and management, with updated therapeutic options reflected in major guidelines published since this topic was last reviewed in Primary Care Clinics in Office Practice in 2013. An emphasis is placed on the use of the American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology's staging system as a framework to improve early identification and treatment of patients at risk of symptomatic heart failure...
March 2018: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404975/the-emerging-role-of-cardiac-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-the-evaluation-of-patients-with-hfpef
#13
REVIEW
Jessica Webb, Lauren Fovargue, Kristin Tøndel, Bradley Porter, Benjamin Sieniewicz, Justin Gould, Christopher Aldo Rinaldi, Tevfik Ismail, Amedeo Chiribiri, Gerald Carr-White
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To give an update on the emerging role of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging in the evaluation of patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). This is important as the diagnosis of HFpEF remains challenging and cardiac imaging is pivotal in establishing the function of the heart and whether there is evidence of structural heart disease or diastolic dysfunction. Echocardiography is widely available, although the gold standard in quantifying heart function is cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging...
February 5, 2018: Current Heart Failure Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394453/exercise-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-for-adults-with-stable-angina
#14
REVIEW
Linda Long, Lindsey Anderson, Alice M Dewhirst, Jingzhou He, Charlene Bridges, Manish Gandhi, Rod S Taylor
BACKGROUND: A previous Cochrane review has shown that exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) can benefit myocardial infarction and post-revascularisation patients. However, the impact on stable angina remains unclear and guidance is inconsistent. Whilst recommended in the guidelines of American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association and the European Society of Cardiology, in the UK the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) states that there is "no evidence to suggest that CR is clinically or cost-effective for managing stable angina"...
February 2, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381937/case-of-a-cardiac-arrest-patient-who-survived-after-extracorporeal-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-and-1-5-hours-of-resuscitation-a-case-report
#15
Seong Ho Moon, Jong Woo Kim, Joung Hun Byun, Sung Hwan Kim, Ki Nyun Kim, Jun Young Choi, In Seok Jang, Chung Eun Lee, Jun Ho Yang, Dong Hun Kang, Hyun Oh Park
RATIONALE: Per the American Heart Association guidelines, extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation should be considered for in-hospital patients with easily reversible cardiac arrest. However, there are currently no consensus recommendations regarding resuscitation for prolonged cardiac arrest cases. PATIENT CONCERNS AND DIAGNOSIS: We encountered a 48-year-old man who survived a cardiac arrest that lasted approximately 1.5 hours. He visited a local hospital's emergency department complaining of chest pain and dyspnea that had started 3 days earlier...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367334/2018-guidelines-for-the-early-management-of-patients-with-acute-ischemic-stroke-a-guideline-for-healthcare-professionals-from-the-american-heart-association-american-stroke-association
#16
REVIEW
William J Powers, Alejandro A Rabinstein, Teri Ackerson, Opeolu M Adeoye, Nicholas C Bambakidis, Kyra Becker, José Biller, Michael Brown, Bart M Demaerschalk, Brian Hoh, Edward C Jauch, Chelsea S Kidwell, Thabele M Leslie-Mazwi, Bruce Ovbiagele, Phillip A Scott, Kevin N Sheth, Andrew M Southerland, Deborah V Summers, David L Tirschwell
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of these guidelines is to provide an up-to-date comprehensive set of recommendations for clinicians caring for adult patients with acute arterial ischemic stroke in a single document. The intended audiences are prehospital care providers, physicians, allied health professionals, and hospital administrators. These guidelines supersede the 2013 guidelines and subsequent updates. METHODS: Members of the writing group were appointed by the American Heart Association Stroke Council's Scientific Statements Oversight Committee, representing various areas of medical expertise...
March 2018: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362982/multi-modality-imaging-bird-s-eye-view-from-the-2017-american-heart-association-scientific-sessions
#17
Wael A AlJaroudi, Steven G Lloyd, Fadi G Hage
This review summarizes key imaging studies that were presented in the American Heart Association Scientific Sessions 2017 related to the fields of nuclear cardiology, cardiac computed tomography, cardiac magnetic resonance, and echocardiography. The aim of this bird's eye view is to inform readers about multiple studies reported at the meeting from these different imaging modalities. While such a review is most useful for those that did not attend the conference, we find that a general overview may also be useful to those that did since it is often difficult to get exposure to many abstracts at large meetings...
April 2018: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357392/prevention-detection-evaluation-and-management-of-high-blood-pressure-in-adults-synopsis-of-the-2017-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-hypertension-guideline
#18
Robert M Carey, Paul K Whelton
Description: In November 2017, the American College of Cardiology (ACC) and the American Heart Association (AHA) released a clinical practice guideline for the prevention, detection, evaluation, and treatment of high blood pressure (BP) in adults. This article summarizes the major recommendations. Methods: In 2014, the ACC and the AHA appointed a multidisciplinary committee to update previous reports of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure...
March 6, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327393/pulmonary-hypertension-in-interstitial-lung-disease-limitations-of-echocardiography-compared-to-cardiac-catheterization
#19
Gregory J Keir, S John Wort, Maria Kokosi, Peter M George, Simon L F Walsh, Joseph Jacob, Laura Price, Simon Bax, Elisabetta A Renzoni, Toby M Maher, Peter MacDonald, David M Hansell, Athol U Wells
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In interstitial lung disease (ILD), pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a major adverse prognostic determinant. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is the most widely used tool when screening for PH, although discordance between TTE and right heart catheter (RHC) measured pulmonary haemodynamics is increasingly recognized. We evaluated the predictive utility of the updated European Society of Cardiology/European Respiratory Society (ESC/ERS) TTE screening recommendations against RHC testing in a large, well-characterized ILD cohort...
January 12, 2018: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315727/considerations-for-optimal-blood-pressure-goals-in-the-elderly-population-a-review-of-emergent-evidence
#20
REVIEW
Diana X Cao, Rebecca J C Tran
Recent hypertension clinical trials and national guideline updates have created a debate on the most appropriate treatment goals in elderly patients with hypertension. In 2014, recommendations by the Eighth Joint National Committee allowed a more lenient goal for patients 60 years and older compared with previous guidelines. Since then, several large clinical trials and meta-analyses have added more information regarding strict versus lenient treatment goals. Most recently, the American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association Task Force published their highly anticipated hypertension guideline developed in conjunction with nine additional interdisciplinary organizations...
March 2018: Pharmacotherapy
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