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Timing of cholecystectomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522915/ninety-day-readmissions-after-inpatient-cholecystectomy-a-5-year-analysis
#1
Alba Manuel-Vázquez, Raquel Latorre-Fragua, Carmen Ramiro-Pérez, Aylhin López-Marcano, Farah Al-Shwely, Roberto De la Plaza-Llamas, José Manuel Ramia
AIM: To determine the incidence of readmission after cholecystectomy using 90 d as a time limit. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all patients undergoing cholecystectomy at the General Surgery and Digestive System Service of the University Hospital of Guadalajara, Spain. We included all patients undergoing cholecystectomy for biliary pathology who were readmitted to hospital within 90 d. We considered readmission to any hospital service as cholecystectomy-related complications...
April 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515813/transperitoneal-laparoscopic-nephrectomy-assessing-complication-risk-in-cases-of-previous-abdominal-surgery
#2
Simon Ouellet, Robert Sabbagh, Claudio Jeldres
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to assess the effect of previous abdominal surgery on perioperative outcomes in patients undergoing transperitoneal laparoscopic partial (LPN) or radical (LRN) nephrectomy for renal masses. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all cases of LPN and LRN for renal masses at our institution between 2008 and 2014. Patients were divided in two groups, those with and without prior abdominal surgery. Four perioperative outcomes were compared, namely, operative time (OT), estimated blood loss (EBL), length of stay (LOS), and 30-days complications rate...
March 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514284/comparison-in-anesthetic-effects-of-propofol-among-patients-with-different-abo-blood-groups
#3
Yiri Du, Haixia Shi, Jianshe Yu
Our study was aimed to investigate anesthetic effects of propofol in patients with different blood groups.A total of 72 participants were enrolled from patients arranged for surgeries of cholecystectomy, tonsillectomy, and spinal operation. Each blood group (A, B, AB, and O) contained 18 participants. Mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR), and bispectral index (BIS) were assayed with Philips monitor. These indexes were observed before propofol anesthesia (T0), and then were recorded when concentration of propofol was 1 μg/mL (T1), 2 μg/mL (T2), 3 μg/mL (T3), and 4 μg/mL (T4)...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514179/two-incision-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-reducing-scars-in-a-simple-way
#4
Rafael Antoniazzi Abaid, Bruno Zilberstein
BACKGROUND: About 20% of the population has cholelithiasis and this is the main abdominal cause of hospitalization in developed countries. Considering that only in the United States about 700,000 cholecystectomies are done each year, it is possible to estimate the importance of the problem for public health. OBJECTIVE: To describe a two-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (TILC) technique using only conventional material, without increasing complications or operative time...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512772/subspecialty-approach-for-the-management-of-acute-cholecystitis-an-alternative-to-acute-surgical-unit-model-of-care
#5
Sonia Tran, Vincent Choi, Kirsten Hepburn, Nathan Hewitt, Joel Zhou, Daniel L Chan, Michael L Talbot
BACKGROUND: Acute cholecystitis is a common condition. Recent studies have shown an association between creation of an acute surgical unit (ASU) and improved outcomes. This study aimed to evaluate the outcomes of a subspecialty based approach to the management of acute cholecystitis as an alternative to the traditional 'generalist' general surgery approach or the ASU model. METHOD: A 6-year retrospective analysis of outcomes in patients admitted under a dedicated upper gastrointestinal service for acute cholecystitis undergoing emergency laparoscopic cholecystectomy...
May 16, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511162/improvement-of-the-complex-medical-treatment-for-the-patients-w%C3%B1-th-chronic-biliary-pancreatitis
#6
L S Babinets, K Yu Kytsai, Yu Ya Kotsaba, I M Halabitska, N A Melnyk, I V Semenova, O S Zemlyak
INTRODUCTION: The most common reason of chronic pancreatitis is liver and bile ducts disease: functional disorders, chronic cholecystitis, cholelithiasis and cholecystectomy in medical history. All these changes are associated with the colloidal structure of bile, increased lithogenicity, gallstones formation, Oddi's sphincter dysfunction, dysmotility and inflammation in the bile ducts. THE AIM: to study the effectiveness of using medicine Liveria IC (metadoxine) in standard therapy as well as effect on spectrum of blood serum lipids and structural condition of liver (stiffness) and pancreas in patients with chronic biliary pancreatitis combined with obesity...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494785/assessing-pre-and-postoperative-activity-levels-with-an-accelerometer-a-proof-of-concept-study
#7
Eva van der Meij, Hidde P van der Ploeg, Baukje van den Heuvel, Boudewijn J Dwars, W J H Jeroen Meijerink, H Jaap Bonjer, Judith A F Huirne, Johannes R Anema
BACKGROUND: Postoperative recovery after abdominal surgery is measured mostly based on subjective or self-reported data. In this article we aim to evaluate whether recovery of daily physical activity levels can be measured postoperatively with the use of an accelerometer. METHODS: In this multicenter, observational pilot study, 30 patients undergoing laparoscopic abdominal surgery (hysterectomy, adnexal surgery, cholecystectomy and hernia inguinal surgery) were included...
May 12, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493162/single-setting-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-ercp-and-cholecystectomy-improve-the-rate-of-surgical-site-infection
#8
Michele M Loor, Jean Dominique Morancy, James K Glover, Gregory J Beilman, Catherine L Statz
INTRODUCTION: Cholecystectomy is a common surgical procedure. The presence of common bile duct stones complicates treatment, often requiring a second procedure for stone retrieval. For such patients, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) provides adequate therapy, and can be performed before, after, or at the same time as cholecystectomy. In 2013, duodenoscopes were implicated by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in transmission of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae...
May 10, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489171/alternative-technique-for-cholecystectomy-comparable-to-single-port
#9
Carlos Sabbag, Ana Blitzckow
Background: With the advancement of laparoscopic surgery, new techniques have been proposed and disseminated in order to reduce the surgical aggression and get better cosmetic results. Aim: To present alternative technique for videocholecystectomy comparable to single port technique using conventional material for laparoscopic surgery. Method: Introduction of laparoscopic devices using two incisions; gallbladder traction with thread, exposition of Calot triangle, and ligature of cystic pedicle with polymer clips...
January 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489169/mortality-of-urgency-versus-elective-videolaparoscopic-cholecystectomy-for-acute-cholecystitis
#10
Saulo José Oliveira Felício, Ediriomar Peixoto Matos, Antonio Maurício Cerqueira, Kurt Wolfgang Schindler Freire de Farias, Ramon de Assis Silva, Mateus de Oliveira Torres
Background: Surgical approach is still controversial in patients with acute cholecystitis: to treat clinically the inflammatory process and operate electively later or to operate immediately on an emergency basis? Aim: To test the hypothesis that urgent laparoscopic cholecystectomy in acute cholecystitis has a higher mortality than elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods: From the data available in Datasus, mortality was compared between patients undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy for cholelithiasis and in urgency...
January 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489158/prevalence-and-predictors-of-changes-in-bowel-habits-after-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#11
Leonardo de Mello Del Grande, Luis Fernando Paes Leme, Francisco Pimenta Marques, Andressa Teruya Ramos, Paula Teruya Ramos, Felipe Araújo de Souza
Background: The incidence of cholecystolithiasis is approximately 15% of the population. It is believed that between 30-40% of cholecystectomy patients have symptoms after surgery, being changes in bowel habits the most common among them. Aim: 1) Defining the prevalence, and 2) identifying predictors of changes in bowel habits after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study with an initial sample of 150 patients diagnosed with cholecystolithiasis operated between July and September 2014...
January 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479238/challenging-the-myth-transvaginal-mesh-is-not-associated-with-carcinogenesis
#12
Bilal Chughtai, Art Sedrakyan, Jialin Mao, Dominique Thomas, Karyn S Eilber, J Quentin Clemens, Jennifer T Anger
PURPOSE: We sought to determine if there was a potential link between synthetic polypropylene mesh implantation for transvaginal pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and carcinogenesis using statewide administrative data. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adult women undergoing transvaginal surgery for POP or SUI) with mesh between January 2008 and December 2009 in New York State were identified using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) procedure codes and Current Procedural Terminology Coding System, Fourth Edition (CPT-4) codes...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473817/comprehensive-diagnosis-of-bacterial-infection-associated-with-acute-cholecystitis-using-metagenomic-approach
#13
Manabu Kujiraoka, Makoto Kuroda, Koji Asai, Tsuyoshi Sekizuka, Kengo Kato, Manabu Watanabe, Hiroshi Matsukiyo, Tomoaki Saito, Tomotaka Ishii, Natsuya Katada, Yoshihisa Saida, Shinya Kusachi
Acute cholecystitis (AC), which is strongly associated with retrograde bacterial infection, is an inflammatory disease that can be fatal if inappropriately treated. Currently, bacterial culture testing, which is basically recommended to detect the etiological agent, is a time-consuming (4-6 days), non-comprehensive approach. To rapidly detect a potential pathogen and predict its antimicrobial susceptibility, we undertook a metagenomic approach to characterize the bacterial infection associated with AC. Six patients (P1-P6) who underwent cholecystectomy for AC were enrolled in this study...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472015/laparoscopic-assisted-tranversus-abdominis-plane-tap-block-versus-ultrasonography-guided-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-in-postlaparoscopic-cholecystectomy-pain-relief-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Niranjan T Ravichandran, Sarath C Sistla, Pankaj Kundra, S Manwar Ali, Baskaran Dhanapal, Indira Galidevara
OBJECTIVES: Transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block for postoperative analgesia in laparoscopic cholecystectomy is usually given under ultrasound guidance. Laparoscopic-assisted TAP block has been suggested as an alternative to ultrasonogram (USG)-guided block as it is less time consuming and does not need extra equipments. This study was done to compare the efficacy of both the techniques. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial between October 2012 and June 2014 involving adult patients with symptomatic gall stone disease...
May 3, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465716/acute-care-surgery-a-means-for-providing-cost-effective-quality-care-for-gallstone-pancreatitis
#15
Patrick B Murphy, Dave Paskar, Richard Hilsden, Jennifer Koichopolos, Tina S Mele
BACKGROUND: Modern practice guidelines recommend index cholecystectomy (IC) for patients admitted with gallstone pancreatitis (GSP). However, this benchmark has been difficult to widely achieve. Previous work has demonstrated that dedicated acute care surgery (ACS) services can facilitate IC. However, the associated financial costs and economic effectiveness of this intervention are unknown and represent potential barriers to ACS adoption. We investigated the impact of an ACS service at two hospitals before and after implementation on cost effectiveness, patient quality-adjusted life years (QALY) and impact on rates of IC...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465640/laparoscopic-approach-to-suspected-t1-and-t2-gallbladder-carcinoma
#16
Yusuke Ome, Kazuki Hashida, Mitsuru Yokota, Yoshio Nagahisa, Michio Okabe, Kazuyuki Kawamoto
AIM: To evaluate a laparoscopic approach to gallbladder lesions including polyps, wall-thickening lesions, and suspected T1 and T2 gallbladder cancer (GBC). METHODS: We performed 50 cases of laparoscopic whole-layer cholecystectomy (LCWL) and 13 cases of laparoscopic gallbladder bed resection (LCGB) for those gallbladder lesions from April 2010 to November 2016. We analyzed the short-term and long-term results of our laparoscopic approach. RESULTS: The median operation time was 108 min for LCWL and 211 min for LCGB...
April 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463673/cholecystolithotomy-combined-armillarisin-a-versus-cholecystectomy-in-cirrhotic-portal-hypertension-patients-with-symptomatic-cholelithiasis
#17
Yang Fei, Wei-Qin Li, Guang-Quan Zong, Jian Chen, Wei Wang
OBJECT: To discover whether cirrhotic portal hypertension patients with symptomatic cholelithiasis would benefit from cholecystolithotomy combined with Armillarisin A in the authors hospital. Methods: Sixty-one patients with cirrhotic portal hypertension and symptomatic gallstone disease who underwent either cholecystolithotomy combined with Armillarisin A (group A) or cholecystectomy (group B) for cholelithiasis from Feb 2007 to March 2011 were retrospectively reviewed. These patients were undergoing simultaneous procedure for esophageal varices...
March 2017: Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457903/endotherapy-for-bile-leaks-from-isolated-ducts-after-hepatic-resection-a-long-awaited-challenge
#18
Massimiliano Mutignani, Edoardo Forti, Stefanos Dokas, Francesco Pugliese, Paola Fontana, Alberto Tringali, Lorenzo Dioscoridi
BACKGROUND: Bile leakage is a common complication after hepatic resection [1-4] (Donadon et al., 2016; Dechene et al., 2014; Zimmitti et al., 2013; Yabe et al., 2016). Endotherapy is the treatment of choice for this complication except for bile leaks originating from isolated ducts; a condition resembling the post laparoscopic cholecystectomy Strasberg type C lesions [5-9] (Lillemo et al., 2000; Gupta and Chandra, 2011; Park et al., 2005; Colovic, 2009; Mutignani et al., 2002). In such cases, surgical repair is complex, often of uncertain result and with a high morbidity and mortality [1] (Donadon et al...
April 6, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457194/the-best-approach-for-laparoscopic-fluorescence-cholangiography-overview-of-the-literature-and-optimization-of-dose-and-dosing-time
#19
Leonora S F Boogerd, Henricus J M Handgraaf, Volkert A L Huurman, Hwai-Ding Lam, J Sven D Mieog, Wendeline J van der Made, Cornelis J H van de Velde, Alexander L Vahrmeijer
BACKGROUND: Fluorescence cholangiography using indocyanine green (ICG) can enhance orientation of bile duct anatomy during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. To ensure clear discrimination between bile ducts and liver, the fluorescence ratio between both should be sufficient. This ratio is influenced by the ICG dose and timing of fluorescence imaging. We first systematically identified all strategies for fluorescence cholangiography. Second, we aimed to optimize the dose of ICG and dosing time in a prospective clinical trial...
April 1, 2017: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455162/the-episod-study-long-term-outcomes
#20
Peter B Cotton, Qi Pauls, Jamila Keith, Andre Thornhill, Douglas Drossman, April Williams, Valerie Durkalski-Mauldin
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The EPISOD (Evaluating Predictors and Interventions in Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction) study randomized subjects with post-cholecystectomy pain, and little or no objective evidence for biliary obstruction, to sphincterotomy or sham intervention. Results at 1 year showed no benefit for the active treatment. We now report the outcomes at up to 5 years. METHODS: 103 subjects completing 1 year, and still blinded to treatment allocation, were enrolled and followed by phone every 6 months for a median of 58 months (range 17-71)...
April 25, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
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